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Chelsie Carpio

Professor Moore

English 1301-01

30 October 2018

Vaccination on Children

Vaccinations are substances used around the world that are meant to keep civilians safe from

harmful diseases that could be spread to others and cause fatal effects. A typical vaccination

requires going to the doctor for a regular checkup and find out which vaccination is needed for

patient health. "A vaccine is a preparation of killed or inactivated microbes, or purified

products”(Maslovaric). Vaccines were made in early times for infected humans that used the

essence of small pox to create immunity for viral diseases. Alexandra Stern stated in Health

Affairs about a doctor from England named Edward Jenner, who created a successful

modification of a vaccination in 1796. By taking the pus out of the infected hand of a

milkmaiden with cowpox that was then used to treat a boy who had the case of small pox. Being

a vaccination that has been moved across to the new world and as time passed and a new era

progressed so did vaccines. Parents that do not allow their children to have their vaccinations are

protective and sensitive to why their children should be given their vaccinations. Parents have a

right of what goes into the body of their children. Laws obligate parents and adults to get their

vaccinations for school, jobs, or trips overseas. The reason why vaccinations have become a

troubled topic because of laws requiring vaccinations on children and parents feeling that their

rights have been violated.

Public health has required that students, workers and travelers obtain a series of

vaccinations for the sake of their health and the general population in new lands. Laws have

given parents unfavorable emotions when it comes to giving their adolescent child a vaccine that
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they believe they may not need. Parents that do not feel comfortable with the laws that “do not

explicitly require parental consent for vaccinations” express themselves through strikes and

petitions that engage their need to protection their children (Craig). Public health not only

prescribes children to have their vaccinations done at a young age but can explain the logical

sense of in delaying viral infection. In the National Library of Medicine, C. Lee Ventola says

that, “communicable diseases have significantly decreased in western counties largely because of

national immunization strategies aimed at infants and children. Parents typically complain of the

making of the serum used for vaccines and the unnatural use of ingredients. That also follows

with the fear of allergic reactions and side effects. If injuries or reactions were to happen to the

child that was given the vaccine The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act would send full

reimbursement to the parents. That is why keeping record of the vaccination that a subject gets is

important and should be given to parents or legal guardians of the child. Serums like the

meningococcal, influenza, varicella and an abundance of others have beaten viruses either the

vaccination itself or conjoined together. All have proven a positive reaction to establishing safe

immunization across the world.

Being that minors do not have legal control over their healthcare decisions until their

eighteen years of age. Government laws have passed acts and statements that can further debunk

the parents' choice of vaccinating their children. Parents’ escalated emotions make them question

if their rights are being violated when deciding if their child is vaccinated. Penn Bioethics wrote

that in New York city “schools have the right to ban unvaccinated children during the breakout

of vaccine- preventable diseases” (Penn). Government laws preventing students from going to

school because of not having the required vaccinations that are needed throughout the school

year can be diminishing for the child and the parent. Adults and guardians “feel that both their

first amendment right for religious freedom and fourteenth amendment to equal protection under
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the law are being violated” (Penn) through means of not being able to express their beliefs.

According to the US National Library of Medicine, “approximately 60.2 percent of parents with

children 25-35 months neither delayed or refused” in having their children vaccinated (Smith).

Reasons that come with rejecting vaccinations are that guardians are convinced that vaccinations

are not a natural form of immunization and are not necessary for the health of their children. In

general parents who do not vaccinate and those who comply to the immunization are made aware

that vaccinating their children is important and by doing this the Advisory Committee on

Immunization Practices “issues annual recommendations and guidelines for childhood

adolescent immunizations” (Ventola). In certain areas of the world health care interventions have

been placed to further overcome the noncompliance to accepting vaccinations.

Vaccinations have left parents to wonder if they are worth giving to their children. Public

health has made possible decisions to encourage parents to immunize their children, and in this

course, parents will always want to do the best thing for their children. And in similarity to

parents the government wants the best for public health. To not repeat history of plagues

terrorizing cities and the loss of life being unthinkable governments placed laws and acts to

allow and require parents to have their children get their vaccinations done. Parents concern for

their children's sake to be healthy and worrying of the limits that governments place on their

children. Parents are also fearful of the damage that the laws can have on kids that prevent them

from having access to everyday life experiences like school or jobs. But also discrediting the

meaning of being a parent and not being able to express your values and beliefs, can make it

difficult for a parent to make the correct decisions. Vaccinations have led the parental to

contradict its naturality and the government forming ways of keeping people safe but with

different beliefs on the line certain regulations vaccinations will always be a mandatory.
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Works Cited
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Craig, Allen, et al. “New Adolescent Vaccines: Legal and Legislative Issues.” Journal of Law,

Medicine & Ethics, vol. 35, Dec. 2007, pp. 106–111. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/j.1748-

720X.2007.00223.x. Accessed- 10/08/2018

“The Debate over Vaccinations in Schools.” Penn Bioethics Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, Apr. 2014, p.

10. EBSCOhost,

search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=99017900&site=ehost-live.

Accessed - 10/09/2018

Smith, Philip J., et al. Public Health Reports, Association of Schools of Public Health, 2011,

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3113438/. Accessed 10/18/2018

Ventola, C. Lee. “Immunization in the United States .” Pharmacy and Therapeutics, MediMedia

USA, Inc., July 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4927017/. Accessed

10/18/2018

Stern, Alexandra M. “The History Of Vaccines And Immunization: Familiar Patterns, New

Challenges.” Health Affairs, 2005,

www.healthaffairs.org/doi/abs/10.1377/hlthaff.24.3.611.