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BuildASmartBatteryChargerUsingASingle­Transistor

Circuit

EjazurRehman

Mon,2002­11­25(Allday)

ElectronicDesign EjazurRehman Mon,2002­11­25(Allday)

Thefollowingautomaticbattery­chargerdesigniscreatedwithacircuitthatcouldqualifyasthesimplest

windowcomparatoreverbuiltaroundasingletransistor(seethefigure).Itstartschargingwhenthebattery

voltagedropsbeyondapresetvalue,anditstopswhenanupperpresetvoltageisattained.

Related

Withthehelpofaprecisevariablevoltagesupply,theupperandlowervoltagelevelswereset.Thenormally

connected(NC)leadoftherelayisn'tjoinedtothe15­Vdcsupply,whichblocksthisvoltagefrompassingto

thebatteryleads.Thiswillaccuratelysettheupperandlowerlevels.Butthechargingsupplyof15Vdcwas

connectedtothecircuit.

First,thevariablesupplyisfixedat13.3Vdc—thevoltageofafullychargedbattery—andlinkedtothe

batterypointofthecircuit.ThesliderofVR1isturnedtotheextremeendonthesidethat'sattachedtothe

positiveterminalofthebattery.VR2'sslidershouldbeturnedtowardtheendthat'sconnectedtoVR1.The

transistorturnson,shuntingVR1.ThenthesliderofVR1isturnedtowardtheotherextreme,whichisthe

endconnectedtoVR2.

Thetestsupplyvoltageisnowsetto11.8Vdc,whichisthevoltageofadrainedbattery.VR2isthenadjusted

sothatitjustturnsoffthetransistoragain.Thetestvoltageisraisedto13.3Vdcagain,andVR1isadjusted

sothatthetransistorturnson.Withtheupperandlowerlevelsset,theNCpointisconnectedtothecircuit

(15­Vdcchargingvoltage).Nowthebatterychargerissetandreadytogo.

ifdwinners

W.StephenWoodward,UniversityofNorthCarolina,"PCAndLong­ BaselineChronographyMeasureBallisticParametersAcoustically,"July

22,2002.

JimChristensen,MaximIntegratedProducts,"SpeedControlHandles

Isolated­48­VFans,"August5,2002.

SubmityourownIdeasForDesignto:

IFD@penton.com