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Original Title: Quadratics Unit Test Review

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Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Identify the vertex of the graph. Tell whether it is a minimum or maximum.

b. (–1, 0); maximum d. (–1, 0); minimum

1 1 2

a. y = −x 2 b. y = x 2 c. y = 4x 2 d. y= x

4 9

1 4

a. y = x 2 b. y = −4x 2 c. y = 0.3x 2 d. y = − x2

3 5

a. always b. sometimes c. never

a. always b. sometimes c. never

1

Name: ________________________ ID: A

a. c.

There are two solutions: 2 and –2. There are two solutions: 2 and –2.

b. d.

____ 7. The quadratic equation x 2 + a = 0, where a > 0, ________ has at least one real number solution.

a. always b. sometimes c. never

____ 8. x 2 + 20 = 4

a. 24 c. ± 24

b. –4 d. no real number solutions

2

Name: ________________________ ID: A

____ 10. z 2 − 6z − 27 = 0

a. z = 3 or z = 9 c. z = –3 or z = 9

b. z = 3 or z = –9 d. z = –3 or z = –9

3 2 4 5 3 5

a. −5, b. − , c. −3, d. − ,

8 5 3 8 4 2

5 9 5 9 5 9 5 9

a. , b. − , c. − ,− d. − ,

3 2 2 7 2 7 3 2

a. always b. sometimes c. never

____ 14. Find the value of n such that x 2 − 19x + n is a perfect square trinomial.

19 361 361

a. − b. c. 361 d.

2 4 2

Use the quadratic formula to solve the equation. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth.

a. 18, 28 b. –9, –14 c. 9, 14 d. –18, 28

3

Name: ________________________ ID: A

____ 16. A rocket is launched from atop a 101-foot cliff with an initial velocity of 116 ft/s.

a. Substitute the values into the vertical motion formula h = −16t 2 + vt + c . Let h = 0.

b. Use the quadratic formula find out how long the rocket will take to hit the ground after it is launched.

Round to the nearest tenth of a second.

a. 0 = −16t 2 + 101t + 116; 0.8 s c. 0 = −16t 2 + 116t + 101; 0.8 s

b. 0 = −16t 2 + 116t + 101; 8 s d. 0 = −16t 2 + 101t + 116; 8 s

Use any method to solve the equation. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth.

a. 3.45, –1.16 b. –3.45, 1.16 c. 2.3, –2.3 d. 6.89, –2.32

a. 0.42, –2.71 b. 2.71, –0.42 c. 35.43, –33.14 d. 5.42, –2.95

____ 20. x 2 + 0x − 1 = 0

a. 0 b. 1 c. 2

4

Name: ________________________ ID: A

____ 21. Graph the set of points. Which model is most appropriate for the set?

(–6, –1), (–3, 2), (–1, 4), (2, 7)

a. c.

linear exponential

b. d.

quadratic linear

5

Name: ________________________ ID: A

____ 22. Graph the set of points. Which model is most appropriate for the set?

(–2, 10), (–1,1), (1, 1), (2, 10)

a. c.

quadratic linear

b. d.

quadratic exponential

____ 23. The table shows the estimated number of deer living in a forest over a five-year period. Are the data best

represented by a linear, exponential, or quadratic model? Write an equation to model the data.

Year Estimated

Population

0 91

1 70

2 54

3 42

4 32

b. linear; y = 0.77x + 91 d. quadratic; y = 91x 2 + 0.77

6

Name: ________________________ ID: A

____ 24. In an exponential model, the y values ____ decrease as the x values increase.

a. always b. sometimes c. never

____ 25. The equation x 2 + n = 0 ____ has at least one real number solution when n > 0.

a. always b. sometimes c. never

7

ID: A

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

OBJ: 10-1.1 Graphing y = ax^2 NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | ADP J.2.3 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2e | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 | NJ 4.3.12 B.4b TOP: 10-1 Example 1

KEY: quadratic function | parabola | maximum | minimum | vertex

2. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-1 Exploring Quadratic Graphs

OBJ: 10-1.1 Graphing y = ax^2 NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | ADP J.2.3 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2e | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 | NJ 4.3.12 B.4b TOP: 10-1 Example 3

KEY: quadratic function | parabola

3. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-1 Exploring Quadratic Graphs

OBJ: 10-1.1 Graphing y = ax^2 NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | ADP J.2.3 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2e | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 | NJ 4.3.12 B.4b TOP: 10-1 Example 3

KEY: quadratic function | parabola

4. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L4 REF: 10-1 Exploring Quadratic Graphs

OBJ: 10-1.1 Graphing y = ax^2 NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | ADP J.2.3 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2e | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 | NJ 4.3.12 B.4b KEY: quadratic function | reasoning

5. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-1 Exploring Quadratic Graphs

OBJ: 10-1.2 Graphing y = ax^2 + c NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | ADP J.2.3 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2e | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 | NJ 4.3.12 B.4b

KEY: axis of symmetry | parabola | reasoning

6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-3 Solving Quadratic Equations

OBJ: 10-3.1 Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.2f | NJ 4.3.12 D.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.1

TOP: 10-3 Example 1 KEY: solving quadratic equations | graphing | quadratic function

7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-3 Solving Quadratic Equations

OBJ: 10-3.1 Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.2f | NJ 4.3.12 D.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.1

KEY: solving quadratic equations | reasoning

8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-3 Solving Quadratic Equations

OBJ: 10-3.2 Solving Quadratic Equations Using Square Roots

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.2f | NJ 4.3.12 D.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.1

TOP: 10-3 Example 2 KEY: solving quadratic equations | square root

9. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-3 Solving Quadratic Equations

OBJ: 10-3.2 Solving Quadratic Equations Using Square Roots

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.2f | NJ 4.3.12 D.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.1

TOP: 10-3 Example 3

KEY: solving quadratic equations | square root | word problem | problem solving

1

ID: A

REF: 10-4 Factoring to Solve Quadratic Equations OBJ: 10-4.1 Solving Quadratic Equations

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.C.2 TOP: 10-4 Example 2

KEY: factoring | solving quadratic equations

11. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: L2

REF: 10-4 Factoring to Solve Quadratic Equations OBJ: 10-4.1 Solving Quadratic Equations

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.C.2 TOP: 10-4 Example 3

KEY: solving quadratic equations | factoring

12. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L3

REF: 10-4 Factoring to Solve Quadratic Equations OBJ: 10-4.1 Solving Quadratic Equations

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.C.2 KEY: solving quadratic equations | factoring

13. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L3

REF: 10-4 Factoring to Solve Quadratic Equations OBJ: 10-4.1 Solving Quadratic Equations

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.C.2 KEY: solving quadratic equations | factoring | reasoning

14. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-5 Completing the Square

OBJ: 10-5.1 Solving by Completing the Square

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3 STA: 8NJ 4.5.E.1a

TOP: 10-5 Example 1 KEY: solving quadratic equations | completing the square

15. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-6 Using the Quadratic Formula

OBJ: 10-6.1 Using the Quadratic Formula NAT: ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.E.3 | 8NJ 4.5.A.2d TOP: 10-6 Example 1

KEY: quadratic formula | solving quadratic equations

16. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-6 Using the Quadratic Formula

OBJ: 10-6.1 Using the Quadratic Formula NAT: ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.E.3 | 8NJ 4.5.A.2d TOP: 10-6 Example 3

KEY: quadratic formula | solving quadratic equations | word problem | problem solving | multi-part question

17. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-6 Using the Quadratic Formula

OBJ: 10-6.2 Choosing an Appropriate Method for Solving NAT: ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.E.3 | 8NJ 4.5.A.2d TOP: 10-6 Example 4

KEY: solving quadratic equations

18. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L3 REF: 10-6 Using the Quadratic Formula

OBJ: 10-6.2 Choosing an Appropriate Method for Solving NAT: ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 D.2b | 8NJ 4.5.E.3 | 8NJ 4.5.A.2d TOP: 10-6 Example 4

KEY: solving quadratic equations

19. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-7 Using the Discriminant

OBJ: 10-7.1 Number of Real Solutions of a Quadratic Equation

NAT: NAEP 2005 D1e | NAEP 2005 A2g | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

TOP: 10-7 Example 1 KEY: discriminant | solving quadratic equations

20. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L2 REF: 10-7 Using the Discriminant

OBJ: 10-7.1 Number of Real Solutions of a Quadratic Equation

NAT: NAEP 2005 D1e | NAEP 2005 A2g | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

TOP: 10-7 Example 1

KEY: solving quadratic equations | one solution | two solutions | discriminant

2

ID: A

REF: 10-8 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

OBJ: 10-8.1 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | NAEP 2005 A2d | ADP J.4.8 | ADP J.5.3 | ADP J.5.4

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.4a | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 TOP: 10-8 Example 1

KEY: linear function | graphing

22. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L2

REF: 10-8 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

OBJ: 10-8.1 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | NAEP 2005 A2d | ADP J.4.8 | ADP J.5.3 | ADP J.5.4

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.4a | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 TOP: 10-8 Example 1

KEY: quadratic function | graphing

23. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: L3

REF: 10-8 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

OBJ: 10-8.1 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | NAEP 2005 A2d | ADP J.4.8 | ADP J.5.3 | ADP J.5.4

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.4a | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 TOP: 10-8 Example 3

KEY: exponential function | word problem | problem solving

24. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: L3

REF: 10-8 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

OBJ: 10-8.1 Choosing a Linear, Quadratic, or Exponential Model

NAT: NAEP 2005 A1e | NAEP 2005 A2d | ADP J.4.8 | ADP J.5.3 | ADP J.5.4

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.4a | NJ 4.3.12 B.1 KEY: exponential function | reasoning

25. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: L4 REF: 10-3 Solving Quadratic Equations

OBJ: 10-3.2 Solving Quadratic Equations Using Square Roots

NAT: NAEP 2005 A4a | NAEP 2005 A4c | ADP I.4.1 | ADP J.3.5 | ADP J.4.5 | ADP J.5.3

STA: NJ 4.3.12 B.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.2f | NJ 4.3.12 D.2c | NJ 4.3.12 B.1

KEY: solving quadratic equations | no solution | reasoning

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