Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 218

C

1.) The knowledge or intelligence that is communicated


between two or more points.
A. Input
B. Output
C. Information
D. Baseband
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
2.) Digital modulation is sometimes called:
A. Digital FM
B. Digital AM
C. Digital radio
D. Digital transmission

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
3.) If the information signal is digital and the amplitude of the
carrier is varied proportional to the information signal, this is called
A. Amplitude modulation
B. Amplitude shift keying
C. Frequency modulation
D. Frequency shift keying

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
4.) If the information signal is digital and the phase of the carrier is
varied proportional to the information signal, this is called
A. Phase modulation
B. Phase shift keying
C. Quadrature modulation
D. Quadrature amplitude modulation

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
5.) Which of the following is not an application of digital
modulation?
A. Relatively low-speed voice-band data communications modem
B. High speed data transmission
C. Digital microwave and satellite communications
D. None of the choices

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
6.) A measure of how much information can be propagated
through a communications system and is a function of bandwidth
and transmission time.
A. Information capacity
B. Information availability
C. Information
D. Information theory

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
7.) The most basic digital symbol used to represent
information is:
A. Decimal digit
B. Binary digit
C. Hexadecimal digit
D. Octal digit
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
8.) The number of bits transmitted during one second
A. bit rate
B. dit
C. baud
D. bits per second

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
9.) Information capacity is directly proportional to the
transmission time and bandwidth.
A. Hartley’s law
B. Shannon-Hartley’s theorem
C. Shannon limit for information capacity
D. All of the above
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
10.) In M-ary encoding, M indicates:
A. The number of bits representing a symbol
B. The number of symbols representing a bit
C. The number of conditions
D. The number of hamming bits

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
11.) Baud is also referred as
A. bits per second
B. bits per symbol
C. symbols per bits
D. symbols per second

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
12.) Baud and bits-per-symbol will be equal in:
A. binary
B. digital
C. quaternary
D. All of the above

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
13.) The minimum theoretical bandwidth necessary to
propagate a signal is called:
A. Minimum bandwidth
B. Minimum Nyquist bandwidth
C. Hartley’s bandwidth
D. Carson’s bandwidth

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
14.) The simplest digital modulation technique is:
A. Amplitude shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying
C. Phase shift keying
D. Quadrature amplitude modulation
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
15.) A binary information signal directly modulates the
amplitude of an analog carrier.
A. Amplitude shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying
C. Phase shift keying
D. Quadrature amplitude modulation

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
16.) Frequency shift keying is also called:
A. Phase reversal keying
B. Quadrature amplitude modulation
C. Binary frequency modulation
D. Binary frequency shift keying
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
17.) In FSK, the frequency that represents logic 1 is:
A. Mark
B. Space
C. High frequency
D. Low frequency

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
18.) The most common circuit used for demodulating
binary FSK signal is:
A. Foster-Seeley discriminator
B. Quadrature detector
C. PLL
D. Balanced-slope detector

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
19.) An M-ary digital modulation scheme similar to conventional
PM except that the input is a binary digital signal and there are
limited numbers of output phases possible.
A. Amplitude shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying
C. Phase shift keying
D. Quadrature amplitude modulation

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
20.) For M-ary encoding in BPSK, “M” is equal to:
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
21.) BPSK is also known as:
A. Phase reversal keying
B. Biphase modulation
C. Continuous wave modulation
D. A and B
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
22.) Another term for a constellation diagram is:
A. Signal celestial diagram
B. Heavenly signal body diagram
C. Signal state space diagram
D. Extraterrestrial signal diagram
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
23.) Digital modulation where four output phases are
possible for a single carrier frequency.
A. BPSK
B. QPSK
C. 8PSK
D. 16PSK

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
24.) For M-ary encoding in QPSK, “N” is equal to:
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
25.) For M-ary encoding in 8PSK, “M” is equal to:
A. 3
B. 4
C. 16
D. 8
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
26.) With 8PSK, the binary input data are combined
into group of three bits called:
A. Three bit
B. Tribit
C. Digit
D. Bithree

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
27.) For M-ary encoding in16PSK, “N” is equal to
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
28.) A form of digital modulation similar to PSK except the
digital information is contained in both the amplitude and the
phase of the transmitted carrier.
A. Amplitude shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying
C. Phase shift keying
D. Quadrature amplitude modulation
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
29.) For M-ary encoding in 8QAM, “N” is equal to:
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
30.) For M-ary encoding in 16QAM, “N” is equal to:
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
31.) Bandwidth efficiency is also called:
A. Information density
B. Spectral efficiency
C. Nyquist bandwidth
D. Both A and B
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
32.) A logic gate used in Differential BPSK transmitter
is:
A. OR
B. NOR
C. XOR
D. XNOR

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
33.) The empirical record of a system’s actual bit error
performance.
A. Probability of error
B. Bit error rate
C. Bit error performance
D. Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
34.) The first to develop digital transmission system for the
purpose of carrying digitally encoded analog signals over
metallic wire cables between telephone offices is:
A. Bell
B. AT&T
C. IBM
D. Xerox
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
35.) The processing of analog signals using digital methods
and includes bandlimiting the signal with filters, amplitude
equalization, and phase shifting.
A. Digitizing
B. Digital modulation
C. Digital transmission
D. Digital signal processing
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
36.) It consist essentially of sampling analog information signals and then
converting those samples into discrete pulses and transporting pulses from
source to a destination over a physical transmission medium
A. Digital transmission
B. Pulse modulation
C. Pulse transmission
D. Digital modulation

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
37.) A type of pulse modulation where the position of the constant
width pulse within a prescribed time slots is varied according to the
amplitude of the sample of the analog signal.
A. PAM
B. PPM
C. PWM
D. PCM

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
38.) The analog signal is sampled and then converted to
a serial n bit binary code for transmission.
A. PAM
B. PPM
C. PWM
D. PCM

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
39.) A circuit in PCM system that periodically samples the
analog input signal and converts those samples to a multilevel
PAM signals.
A. Analog to digital converter
B. Digital to analog converter
C. Serial to parallel converter
D. Sample and hold circuit
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
40.) In the receiver of a PCM system, the _____ converts the
serial pulses received from the transmission line to parallel
PCM codes.
A. Analog to digital converter
B. Digital to analog converter
C. Serial to parallel converter
D. Sample and hold circuit
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
41.) An integrated circuit that performs the PCM
encoding and decoding function is called:
A. Compander
B. LINCOMPLEX
C. Codec
D. Modem

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
42.) A type of sampling where the input voltage is sampled
with narrow pulse and then held relatively constant until the
next sample is taken.
A. Natural sampling
B. Flat top sampling
C. Organic sampling
D. Hold sampling
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
43.) An error that happens in a PCM system when the
amplitude of the sampled signal changes during the sample
pulse time.
A. Aperture error
B. Aperture distortion
C. Overload distortion
D. Peak limiting
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
44.) Aperture time is sometimes called as:
A. Acquisition time
B. Droop
C. Storage time
D. Conversion time
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
45.) To ensure that a minimum change occurs in the analog signal
while it is being deposited across the capacitor in the sample and
hold circuit in a PCM system, the acquisition time should be:
A. Very long
B. Long
C. Very short
D. Short

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
46.) A type of sampling that introduces less aperture
distortion:
A. Natural sampling
B. Flat top sampling
C. Organic sampling
D. Hold sampling

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
47.) A theorem that establishes the minimum sampling
rate that can be used for a given PCM system.
A. Nyquist minimum bandwidth
B. Nyquist sampling theorem
C. Carson minimum bandwidth
D. Carson sampling theorem

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
48.) Foldover distortion is also called:
A. Shadow
B. Silhouette
C. Aliasing
D. Mirror
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
49.) Another name for antifoldover filter is:
A. Anti inflammatory
B. Anti folding
C. Anti aliasing
D. Anti interfernce
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
50.) The process of converting an infinite number of
possibilities to a finite number of conditions.
A. Filter
B. Sampling
C. Quantization
D. Coding

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
51.) The magnitude difference between adjacent steps is
called:
A. Quantum
B. Quantization interval
C. Quantization range
D. Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
52.) Overload distortion is also called:
A. Overload limiting
B. Peak limiting
C. Resolution
D. Quantization range
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
53.) The _____ is equal to the voltage of the minimum step
size, which is equal to the voltage of the least significant bit
of the PCM code.
A. Overload limiting
B. Peak limiting
C. Resolution
D. Quantization range
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
54.) A range equal to + or – one half the magnitude of
a quantum except the codes for +0 and -0.
A. Quantum
B. Quantization interval
C. Quantization range
D. Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
55.) Quantization error is also called:
A. Aperture error
B. Aperture distortion
C. Peak limiting
D. Quantization noise
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
56.) A numerical indication of how efficiently a PCM
code is utilized.
A. Dynamic range
B. Quantization range
C. Coding efficiency
D. Signal to noise ratio

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
57.) Companding used in United States and Japan:
A. A law companding
B. µ law companding
C. Analog companding
D. Digital companding
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
58.) Every function performed by a PCM encoder and
decoder is now accomplished with a single integrated circuit
chip called:
A. Compander
B. Codec
C. Combo
D. Vocoders
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
59.) Special voice encoders/decoders are:
A. Compander
B. Codec
C. Combo
D. Vocoders
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
60.) A type of PCM that uses a single bit PCM code to
achieve digital transmission of analog signals.
A. Differential PCM
B. Delta PCM
C. Adaptive Delta PCM
D. Adaptive Deviation PCM

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
61.) When the analog input signal changes at a faster
rate than the DAC can maintain, _____ will happen.
A. Granular noise
B. Slope overload
C. Peak limiting
D. Thermal noise

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
62.) A modulation system where the step size of the DAC is
automatically varied, depending on the amplitude
characteristics of the analog input signal.
A. Differential PCM
B. Delta PCM
C. Adaptive Delta PCM
D. Adaptive Deviation PCM
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
63.) What do you call the number of amplitude,
frequency, or phase changes that take place per second?
A. Data rate in bits per second
B. Frequency of operation
C. Speed limit
D. Baud rate

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
64.) It is used by slow speed modems.
A. FSK
B. BPSK
C. ASK
D. QAM
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
65.) These are the basic modulator and demodulator
circuits in PSK
A. PLLs
B. Balanced modulators
C. Shift registers
D. Local oscillator

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
66.) In which modulation can a 9600 baud rate signal
pass over the voice grade telephone line?
A. BPSK
B. QPSK
C. DPSK
D. QAM

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
67.) It is not used in a QAM modulator.
A. XNOR
B. Bit splitter
C. Balanced modulator
D. 2 – 4 level converter
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
68.) In a digital communication system, it is the speed at
which symbols are transmitted.
A. Data rate
B. Bit rate
C. Baud rate
D. Flow rate

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
69.) A pattern showing all the possible combinations of
amplitude and phase for a signal in digital communication.
A. Eye pattern
B. Constellation diagram
C. Phasor diagram
D. Fourier transform

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
70.) Identify the terminal or computer that
communications via a modem.
A. Switches
B. Data terminal equipment
C. Servers
D. Data communications equipment

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
71.) Any digital modulation scheme that codes two bits
of information per transmitted symbol.
A. Dibit system
B. Tribit system
C. Quadbit system
D. Bit system

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
72.) It is a digital modulation scheme using two or more
different frequencies.
A. Amplitude shift keying
B. Frequency shift keying
C. Phase shift keying
D. Quaternary phase shift keying

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
73.) A logic one in digital communication.
A. Negative voltage
B. Positive voltage
C. Mark
D. Space
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
74.) Cable used to make a direct connection between two
devices using their serial ports. It is wired to simulate the
presence of a link via modem between the devices.
A. Null modem
B. Virtual modem
C. Imaginary modem
D. J modem
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
75.) Phase shift keying that employs four different phases and
allows two bits of information to be transmitted
simultaneously.
A. Phase shift keying
B. Quadrature phase shift keying
C. Gaussian minimum shift keying
D. Delta phase shift keying
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
76.) In digital communications, a binary zero.
A. Positive voltage
B. Negative voltage
C. Space
D. Mark
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
77.) Distortion created by using a too low sampling rate
when coding an analog signal for digital transmission.
A. Frequency distortion
B. Aliasing
C. Quantizing error
D. Peak limiting

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
78.) Device that converts sampled analog signal to and
from its PCM or delta modulation equivalent.
A. Codec
B. Vocoder
C. Modem
D. Compander

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
79.) Combination of compression at the transmitter and
expansion at the receiver of a communication system.
A. Codec
B. Modem
C. Companding
D. Any of the choices

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
80.) Conversion of a PCM or delta modulation bit
stream to analog samples.
A. Decoding
B. Coding
C. Compression
D. Expansion

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
81.) Filtering of signals by converting them to digital form,
performing arithmetic operations on the data bit, then
converting back to analog form.
A. Pulse code modulation
B. Digital signal processing
C. Programmable logic control
D. Quantizing
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
82.) Bits added to a digital signal to help the receiver to
detect the beginning and end of data frames.
A. Sign bits
B. Framing bits
C. Stop bits
D. Start bits

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
83.) Sampling of an analog signal, so that the sample
amplitude follows that of the original signal for the duration
of the sample.
A. Natural sampling
B. Statistical sampling
C. Universal sampling
D. Flat topped sampling
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
84.) A data line code in which the voltage or current
does not necessarily return to zero between bits.
A. Unipolar code
B. Return to zero code
C. Bipolar code
D. Non return to zero code

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
85.) A series of pulses in which the amplitude of each pulse
represents the amplitude of the information signal at a given
time.
A. Pulse code modulation
B. Pulse amplitude modulation
C. Pulse position modulation
D. Pulse width modulation
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
86.) A series of pulses in which the duration of each pulse
represents the amplitude of the information signal at a given
time.
A. Pulse code modulation
B. Pulse amplitude modulation
C. Pulse position modulation
D. Pulse width modulation
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
87.) Representation of a continuously varying quantity
as one of a number of discrete values.
A. Sampling
B. Filtering
C. Quantizing
D. Coding

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
88.) Method of data compression by encoding the length if a
string of ones or zeros instead of transmitting all the one or
zero bits individually.
A. Hybrid encoding
B. Byphase encoding
C. Manchester encoding
D. Run length encoding
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
89.) A device that detects the amplitude of an input signal at
a particular time called the sampling time and maintains its
output at or near that amplitude until the next sampling time.
A. Quantizer
B. Sample and hold circuit
C. Coder
D. Analog to digital converter
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
90.) A line code in which the polarity of the voltage or the
direction of the current remains the same at all times.
A. Unipolar code
B. Return to zero code
C. Bipolar code
D. Non return to zero code

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
91.) One of the following is not a binary code:
A. Morse
B. Baudot
C. CCITT - 2
D. Code 39
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
92.) What is Hartley’s law?
A. The maximum rate of information transmission depends on the
channel bandwidth
B. The maximum rate of information transmission depends on the
depth of modulation
C. The maximum rate of information transmission depends on the
S/N of the system
D.

543621987
10
Only binary codes may be used
TIME’S
UP
A
93.) In telegraphy, what is the most commonly used
modulation system?
A. Frequency shift keying
B. Two tone modulation
C. Pulse code modulation
D. CDMA

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
94.) Which of the following system is digital?
A. Pulse position modulation
B. Pulse code modulation
C. Pulse width modulation
D. Indirect frequency modulation
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
95.) Which is the most noise resistant modulation
system in the following?
A. Pulse amplitude modulation
B. Frequency modulation
C. Pulse position modulation
D. Pulse code modulation

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
96.) A limit on the _____ is set by Hartley-Shannon theorem.
A. Maximum capacity of a channel with a given sampling frequency
B. Maximum capacity of a channel with a given noise level
C. Maximum number of coding levels in a channel with a given noise
level
D. Maximum number of quantizing levels in a channel with a given
bandwidth

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
97.) Companding is used _____ in PCM
A. To overcome quantizing noise
B. To allow amplitude limiting in the receivers
C. To protect small signals in PCM from quantizing
distortion
D. To overcome impulse noise at the receivers

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
98.) What is used to connect the output of a data
source to a telephone line?
A. An FMVFT system
B. A modem
C. A lease for the line
D. A router

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
99.) Which is not a reason why an organization wishing to
transmit large quantities of data will lease a line, instead of
using the public switched network?
A. Because it is cheaper
B. To ensure privacy
C. To ensure ready availability
D. To allow equalization and hence higher data rates
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
100.) Which is used in multiplexing Pulse Amplitude
Modulation signals?
A. Subcarriers
B. D/A converters
C. A/D converters
D. FET switches

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
101.) Keeping the multiplexer and DEMUX channels step
with one another in a PAM/TDM system is done by a:
A. Clock recovery circuit
B. Sync pulse
C. Sampling
D. PSN generator

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
102.) By sampling and _____, converting of analog
signals to digital is done.
A. Quantizing
B. Companding
C. Pre-emphasis
D. Summing

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
103.) It refers to emphasizing low level signals and
compressing higher level signals.
A. Decoding
B. Companding
C. Pre-emphasis
D. Sampling

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
104.) A telephone system using TDM and PCM
A. TE1
B. RS-232
C. T-1
D. Bell 212
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
105.) Pulse Code Modulation is preferred to PAM
because of its
A. Resistance to quantizing error
B. Simplicity
C. Lower cost
D. Superior noise immunity

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
1. OQPSK means:
(A) Orthogonal QPSK
(B) On-off QPSK
(C) Out-of-phase QPSK
(D) Offset QPSK
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
2. A modified QPSK where the bit waveform on the I and Q
channels are shifted in phase from each other by one-half of a bit
time.
(A)Shifted QPSK
(B)Phase-shift QPSK
(C)Offset QPSK
(D) Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
3. OQPSK is sometimes called:
(A) Offset-shift QPSK
(B) Offset-keyed QPSK
(C) Offset-phase QPSK
(D) Offset-made QPSK
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
4. A code used to reduce the number of transmission
errors in 8PSK
(A) Gray code
(B) Black code
(C) White code

543621987
10
(D) Red code TIME’S
UP
D
5. Gray code is sometimes called:
(A) Minimum distance code
(B) Minimum shifted code
(C) Maximum shifted code
(D) Maximum distance code
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
6. In digital modulation schemes where n>1, less bandwidth
is required to propagate a given bit rate, thus it achieved:
(A) Bandwidth limiting
(B) Companding
(C) Compandoring
(D) Bandwidth compression

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
7. Bandwidth efficiency is normalized at _____
bandwidth.
(A) 1 Hz
(B) 10 Hz
(C) 100 Hz

543621987
10
(D) 1000 Hz TIME’S
UP
c
8. A process of extracting the phase-coherent reference
carrier from a receiver signal.
(A) Carrier extraction
(B) Demodulation
(C) Carrier recovery

543621987
10
(D) Discrimination TIME’S
UP
D
9. Carrier recovery is sometimes called:
(A) Coherent recovery
(B) Non-coherent recovery
(C) Frequency referencing
(D) Phase referencing
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
10. When the binary data is encoded as a precise
phase of the transmitter carrier, it is called:
(A) Ultimate encoding
(B) Manchester encoding
(C) Absolute phase encoding
(D) All of the choices
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
11.A carrier recovery method that has the basic principle of
filtering the received BPSK waveform and then squaring it.
(A) Costas loop
(B) Squaring loop
(C) Remodulator
(D) Balanced modulator

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
12. A carrier recovery method that uses two parallel tracking loops (I
and Q) simultaneously to derive the product of the I and Q
components of the signal that drives the VCO
(A)Costas loop
(B)Squaring loop
(C)Remodulator
(D) Balanced modulator

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
13. A carrier recovery method that produces a loop error voltage
that is proportional to twice the phase error between the incoming
signal and the VCO signal.
(A)Costas loop
(B)Squaring loop
(C)Remodulator
(D) Balanced modulator

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
14. Data transmission rates in excess of 56 kbps can
be achieved over telephone circuits using:
(A) Absolute PSK
(B) Differential PSK
(C) Trellis code modulation

543621987
10
(D) Adaptive PSK TIME’S
UP
B
15. Who developed trellis code modulation (TCM)?
(A) Zuerich Rela
(B) Dr. Ungerboeck
(C) Takeshi Miro
(D) Isyana Rio

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
16. The distance between symbols in a constellation
diagram is called:
(A) Plato’s distance
(B) Pythagorean distance
(C) Archimedean distance

543621987
10
(D) Euclidean distance TIME’S
UP
C
17. The optimum signalling format that occurs only when two
binary signal levels are allowed and when one signal is the exact
negative of the other.
(A)E and M signalling
(B)Handshaking
(C)Antipodal signalling
(D) Selection

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
18. An FSK where the transmitter and receiver are not
frequency or phase synchronized.
(A) Coherent FSK
(B) Non-coherent FSK
(C) Synchronous FSK

543621987
10
(D) Asynchronous FSK TIME’S
UP
A
19.An FSK where the local receiver reference signals are in
frequency and phase lock with the transmitted signals.
(A) Coherent FSK
(B) Non-coherent FSK
(C) Synchronous FSK
(D) Asynchronous FSK

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
20. A code currently used for PCM is the _____, where the most
significant bit (MSB) is the sign bit and the remaining bits are used
for magnitude.
(A)Folded-binary code
(B)Sign-magnitude code
(C)MSB coding
(D) Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
21. The signal power-to-quantizing noise power ratio
is called:
(A) SINAD
(B) Signal to distortion ratio
(C) Noise factor

543621987
10
(D) Noise temperature TIME’S
UP
B
22. An encoding in which the step size increases with
the amplitude of the input signal.
(A) Linear encoding
(B) Non-linear encoding
(C) Synchronous encoding

543621987
10
(D) Asynchronous encoding TIME’S
UP
A
23. Non-linear encoding is also called:
(A) Non-uniform encoding
(B) Asynchronous encoding
(C) Non-coherent encoding
(D) Active encoding
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
24. The thermal noise when there is no analog input
signal to the PAM sampler.
(A) Random noise
(B) Midrise noise
(C) Idle channel noise

543621987
10
(D) Midtread quantization TIME’S
UP
D
25. The first quantization interval is made larger in
amplitude than the rest of the steps.
(A) Random noise
(B) Midrise noise
(C) Idle channel noise

543621987
10
(D) Midtread quantization TIME’S
UP
A
26. A type of coding that compares the PAM signal to a ramp
waveform while a binary counter is being advanced at a uniform
rate.
(A)Level at a time coding
(B)Digit at a time coding
(C)Word at a time coding
(D) All of the above

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
27. The type of coding used to quantize PAM which
determines each digit of the PCM code sequentially.
(A) Level at a time coding
(B) Digit at a time coding
(C) Word at a time coding

543621987
10
(D) All of the above TIME’S
UP
C
28. A digit-at-time coder that uses a successive
approximation register.
(A) Phase coder
(B) Frequency coder
(C) Feedback coder

543621987
10
(D) Analog coder TIME’S
UP
C
29.These are flash encoders for quantizing PAM and are
more complex and more suitable for high-speed application.
(A) Level at a time coding
(B) Digit at a time coding
(C) Word at a time coding
(D) All of the above

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
30. The first channel vocoder was developed by:
(A) Alex Reeves
(B) Alexander Reeves
(C) Homer Dudley
(D) Michael Moore
543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
31. A type of vocoder that takes advantage of the fact that the
short-term spectral density of typical speech signal seldom
distributes uniformly across the entire voice-band spectrum.
(A)Channel vocoders
(B)Formant vocoders
(C)Linear predictive coders
(D) Vocal tract coders

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
32. The spectral peaks of the sound spectrum are
called:
(A) Formants
(B) Peak envelope
(C) Peaks

543621987
10
(D) Vocal tract excitation TIME’S
UP
C
33. A type of coder that extracts the most significant portions of
speech information directly from the time waveform rather than
from the frequency spectrum as with the other vocoders.
(A)Channel vocoders
(B)Formant vocoders
(C)Linear predictive coders
(D) Vocal tract coders

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
34. In pulse transmission, bandlimiting a pulse causes the energy
from the pulse to be spread over significantly longer time in the
form of _____.
(A)Primary lobes
(B)Secondary lobes
(C)Tertiary lobes
(D) Quaternary lobes

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
35. The secondary lobes in pulse transmission are also
called:
(A) Ringing trails
(B) Ringing heads
(C) Ringing tails

543621987
10
(D) Ringing threads TIME’S
UP
C
36. An interference that is an important path to equalize the
distortion for all frequencies, creating a uniform transmission
medium and reducing transmission impairments.
(A)Eye diagram
(B)Tilt
(C)Intersymbol interference
(D) crosstalk

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
B
37. A special filter inserted in the transmission path to equalize the
distortion for all frequencies, creating a uniform transmission
medium and reducing transmission impairments.
(A)Bandpass filters
(B)Equalizers
(C)Ringing circuit
(D) Overlapping circuit

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
38. The following are primary causes of intersymbol
interference except:
(A) Timing inaccuracies
(B) Insufficient bandwidth
(C) Crosstalk

543621987
10
(D) Amplitude distortion TIME’S
UP
D
39. A convenient technique for determining the effects if the
degradations introduced into the pulses as they travel to the
regenerator.
(A)Eye pattern
(B)Eye diagram
(C)Constellation diagram
(D) Both A and B

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
40. The decision levels for the regenerator are
represented by _____ in an eye pattern:
(A) Crosshairs
(B) Dot
(C) Dash

543621987
10
(D) Broken line TIME’S
UP
C
41. An impairment due to the overlapping signal pattern which does
not cross the horizontal zero line at exact integer multiples of the
symbol click in an eye pattern.
(A)Trajectories
(B)Phase distortion
(C)Data transition jitter
(D) Granular noise

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
42. It is a telephone local loop that combines analog telephone
service with data communication. The downstream data rate is
greater than the upstream rate.
(A)DSL
(B)Dial up
(C)ISDN
(D) ADSL

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
43. To modulate a conventional analog transmitter for data
transmission, audio tone of two or more different frequencies is
used.
(A)Audio frequency-shift keying
(B)Video frequency-shift keying
(C)Audio frequency-shift keying
(D) Video phase-shift keying

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
44. Which device allows data communications over
cable-television wiring, as well as television signals?
(A) Cable modem
(B) Modem
(C) V.21

543621987
10
(D) X.26 TIME’S
UP
C
45. It is a variant of QAM used with ADSL data
communication systems.
(A) Asynchronous quadrature phase modulation
(B) Synchronous quadrature phase modulation
(C) Carrierless amplitude phase modulation

543621987
10
(D) Carrier amplitude phase modulation TIME’S
UP
A
46. What modulation scheme for ADSL data communications
systems uses many carriers at different frequencies each modulated
using QAM?
(A)Discrete multi-tone (DMT) modulation
(B)Multi-tone (MT) modulation
(C)Discrete tone (DT) modulation
(D) All of the choices

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
47. A transmission speed that is less than the maximum of which a
modem is capable and that the modem resorts to when line
conditions do not permit transmission at its maximum speed.
(A)Roll off
(B)Decay
(C)Fallback
(D) Actual

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
48. Which device is used for the transmission and reception of
facsimile documents? It may be used with a microcomputer or built
into a stand-alone fax machine.
(A)DCE
(B)Cable modem
(C)Fax modem
(D) V.22

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
A
49.Series of command transmitted to the modem whenever a
communications software program is loaded.
(A) Initialization string
(B) Flowchart
(C) Syntax
(D) Password

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
D
50.It refers to the series of tones transmitted by a modem to
allow the automatic adjustment of line equalization
(A) Fax tone
(B) Signalling tone
(C) Dial tone
(D) Training sequence

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
51. It is not a good idea to use a signalling system in which each
letter of the alphabet is represented by a different symbol because:
(A)It would be too difficult for an operator to memorize
(B)It is redundant
(C)Noise would introduce too many errors
(D) It used in robotics only.

543621987
10
TIME’S
UP
C
1.) The transmission of information from or more source to one or more
destination over the same transmission medium.
A. Modulation
B. Demodulation
C. Multiplexing
D. Demultiplexing
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
2.) In multiplexing, the transmission medium is referred to as a:
A. Line
B. Trench
C. Hub
D. Space
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
3.) To separate channels in TDM receiver, it needs to use:
A. AND gates
B. Bandpass filters
C. Low pass filters
D. Integration
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
4.) Multiple signals __________ in TDM
A. Share a common bandwidth
B. Modulate subcarriers
C. Are represented by random codes
D. Take turns transmsitting
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
5.) The fundamental building block for most TDM systems in the United
States begins with:
A. DS-0
B. DS-1
C. DS-1c
D. DS-2
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
6.) DS-0 channels use how many bit PCM code:
A. 32
B. 16
C. 8
D. 4
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
7.) An electronically controlled digital switch with two inputs and one
output
A. Demultiplexer
B. Mux
C. Demux
D. Multiplexer
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
8.) The time it takes to transmit one TDM frame is called:
A. TDM time
B. Frame time
C. TDM frequency
D. Frame frequency
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
9.) In TDM, the “fixed time slot” is referred as:
A. Block
B. Slot
C. Hole
D. Epoch
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
10.) A communication system that uses digital pulses rather than analog
signals to encode information.
A. Analog carrier system
B. Multiplexed carrier system
C. Digital carrier system
D. Both A and B
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
11.) T1 has how many voice band channels
A. 2
B. 24
C. 4
D. 16
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
12.) Sampling frequency of T1 is:
A. 8 kHz
B. 4 kHz
C. 2 kHz
D. 16 kHz
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
13.) There are how many bits in a frame for T1:
A. 192
B. 193
C. 7
D. 8
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
14.) Every frame in T1 has an additional _____ framing bit/s:
A. 1
B. 2
C. 8
D. 16
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
15.) For North American digital hierarchy, to upgrade from one level in the
hierarchy to the next higher level, a special device is required. This is
called:
A. Modem
B. Digital cross connects
C. Muldem
D. DSX 10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
16.) The transmission of binary data that involves the transmission of only
a single non-zero voltage level, such as either a positive or negative voltage
for a logic one and zero volt for a logic zero:
A. Bipolar
B. Manchester
C. Return to zero
D. Unipolar 10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
17.) The transmission of binary data where the binary pulse is maintained
for the entire bit time.
A. Unipolar
B. Bipolar
C. Non-return to zero
D. Return to zero
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
18.) A popular type of line encoding that produces a strong timing
component for clock recovery and does not cause dc wandering.
A. Digital biphase
B. PCM
C. Delta PCM
D. BPRZ
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
19.) Used for the transmission of PCM encoded time division multiplexed
digital signals:
A. S carriers
B. T carriers
C. C carriers
D. R carriers
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
20.) The data rate of T2 carriers is:
A. 1.536 Mbps
B. 1.544 Mbps
C. 3.152 Mbps
D. 6.312 Mbps
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
21.) The rate of T3 carriers is:
A. 44.736 Mbps
B. 1.544 Mbps
C. 3.152 Mbps
D. 6.312 Mbps
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
22.) In Europe, a different version of T carrier lines is used. It is called:
A. C lines
B. D lines
C. E lines
D. F lines
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
23.) An E1 frame is composed of how many voice band channels:
A. 12
B. 30
C. 24
D. 36
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
24.) An efficient alternative to synchronous TDM that is not used for
carrying standard telephone circuits but are used more often for the
transmission of data.
A. Statistical TDM
B. Asynchronous TDM
C. Intelligent TDM
D. Any of the choices 10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
25.) It allows full duplex transmission over a two wire circuit, as signal can propagate in
both directions at the same time without interfering with each other because the
frequencies for the two directions of propagation are different
A. WDM
B. TDM
C. FDM
D. CDMA
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
26.) A type of multiplexing in which several channels are interleaved and
then transmitted together.
A. FDM
B. TDM
C. CDMA
D. A supergroup
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
27.) In FDM system, each signal
A. Modulates the final carrier
B. Modulates a channel
C. Is mixed with all the others before modulation
D. Is converted into a code
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
28.) The following are typical FDM application,
A. Telemetry
B. Stereo broadcasting
C. Telephone
D. Secure communcations
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
29.) FDM telemetry systems mostly use:
A. AM
B. FM
C. QUAM
D. PSK
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
30.) In FDM telephone systems, the modulation used is:
A. AM
B. FM
C. SSB
D. DSBFC
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
31.) The L+R signal in FM stereo broadcasting:
A. Modulates the FM carrier
B. Double-sideband modulates a carrier
C. Frequency modulates a subcarrier
D. Demodulates the subcarrier
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
32.) In FM broadcasting, SCA signal is transmitted via
A. A 19 kHz subcarrier
B. A 38 kHz subcarrier
C. A 455 kHz subcarrier
D. A 67 kHz subcarrier
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
33.) The basic voice band channel in FDM that is actually bandlimited to
approximately 300 Hz to 3 kHz frequency band:
A. Basic 200 channel
B. Basic 3002 channel
C. Basic 500 channel
D. Basic 2005 channel
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
34.) The next higher level after the basic message channel in FDM
hierarchy is:
A. Group
B. Voice channel
C. Basic super group
D. Basic master group
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
35.) The bandwidth of a group in FDM is:
A. 12 kHz
B. 24 kHz
C. 48 kHz
D. 96 kHz
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
36.) To form a supergroup, it needs to have how many group/s?
A. 1
B. 3
C. 7
D. 5
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
37.) A supergroup has how many message channel?
A. 10
B. 20
C. 60
D. 80
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
38.) To form a mastergroup, it needs to have how many supergroups?
A. 10
B. 13
C. 15
D. 17
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
39.) A mastergroup has how many message channels?
A. 100
B. 200
C. 800
D. 600
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
40.) To form a jumbogroup, it needs to have how many mastergroups?
A. 10
B. 6
C. 15
D. 7
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
41.) A jumbogroup has how many message channels?
A. 4100
B. 3200
C. 3600
D. 4800
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
42.) A superjumbogroup has how many message channels?
A. 10800
B. 17200
C. 13600
D. 15800
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
43.) In WDM, the wavelength spectrum used is in the region of:
A. 850 nm or 1300 nm
B. 1300 nm or 1500 nm
C. 390 nm or 770 nm
D. 123 nm or 690 nm
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
44.) In WDM, demultiplexers are also called:
A. Any of the choices
B. Couplers
C. Combiners
D. Splitters
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
45.) The initial SONET standard is:
A. OC-0
B. OC-1
C. OC-2
D. OC-3
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
46.) STS-1 is made of how many DS-1 signals?
A. 12
B. 24
C. 28
D. 32
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
47.) OC-48 has a data rate of:
A. 10.84 Gbps
B. 103.68 Gbps
C. 1.544 Gbps
D. 2.48332 Gbps
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
48.) A single optical fiber can carry _____ OC-48.
A. 16
B. 61
C. 32
D. 24
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
49.) It is use of a single channel by more than one signal.
A. Multiband access
B. Demultiplexing
C. Multiple access
D. Multiplexing
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
50.) The combining of several signals into one communication signals into
one communication channel by assigning each a different carrier
frequency.
A. FDM
B. TDM
C. WDM
D. CDM 10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
51.) A system to allow several transmission to use a signle channel by
assigning time slots to each.
A. FDMA
B. TDMA
C. CDMA
D. WDMA
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
52.) It is a system that allows multiple access to use the same frequency
with separate PN codes and a spread spectrum modulation scheme.
A. FDMA
B. TDMA
C. CDMA
D. WDMA
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
53.) Spread spectrum stations sharing a band are identified by and
distinguished from one another by which of the following?
A. PSN code
B. Frequency of operation
C. Chipping rate
D. Modulation type
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
54.) In a PSN generator, the main circuit is a:
A. Multiplexer
B. Shift register
C. XOR
D. XNOR
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
55.) It is not a benefit of SS.
A. Jam proof
B. Security
C. Immunity to fading
D. Noise proof
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
56.) What do you call the extra bits used to spread the signal in a direct
sequence spread spectrum system?
A. Bits
B. Stuff
C. PSN
D. Chips
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
B
57.) A form of spread spectrum communication in which the RF carrier
continually moves from one frequency to another according to a
prearranged pseudo-random pattern
A. CDMA
B. Frequency hopping
C. Direct sequence spread spectrum
D. None of the choices 10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
C
58.) It is the method of reducing contention in a network, involving each
station checking for interference before transmitting.
A. CSMA/CD
B. Token passing
C. CSMA/CS
D. Token ring
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
A
59.) Known as the attempt by two transmitters to use the same channel
simultaneously.
A. Collision
B. Polling
C. Passing
D. Token
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up
D
60.) A framing format recently developed for new designs of T1 carrier
systems that consist of 24 193-bit frames
A. Superframe TDM format
B. D type channel banks
C. Fractional T carrier service
D. Extended Superframe format
10
2
5
6
7
8
9
3
4
1
Time
’s up