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Understanding Staging Area and

Door Determination in SAP EWM


Posted on September 11, 2016 by TKReddy - 2 Comments

Every Distribution Centre, Where the goods arrive at or leave the warehouse from a
location called Door. The interim storage used to unload goods until they are put
away in the inbound process or goods are staged until they are loaded to a truck in
outbound process. So integration with delivery processing is necessary using staging
area and door determination. This blog post will help you to understand, in SAP
EWM how staging area and door determination automatically runs when you create
or change outbound delivery order or inbound delivery.
Vehicles and their transportation units (TUs) drive up to the doors of a warehouse to
load or unload goods there. The doors are in close proximity to the relevant staging
areas.
Staging areas are used for the interim storage of goods in the warehouse. They are
located in close proximity to the doors assigned to them. You can define staging
areas for different purposes and even simultaneously for multiple purposes.
In delivery processing, the SAP EWM system uses determination rules to determine
the following for each delivery item:
● Staging area groups
● Staging areas
● Staging bays
● Doors
SAP EWM application needs staging areas, staging area groups, and staging bays
for storage control.
Staging area and door determination runs automatically in the background when you
create or change a delivery (outbound delivery order or inbound delivery) in
Extended Warehouse Management (EWM).In the outbound delivery process, it runs
after route determination since the route influences the determination of staging
areas and doors.
Route determination in SCM is very big area and it’s not possible to explain in this
post.
We can look at in another blog post.Now we can see how door and staging
determined.
If we take outbound delivery order, where the route determination happen first and
then Door and stag determines. We first understand in brief how route determine.
For every customer or ship-to-party we define shipping condition in the system or we
select shipping condition in sale order and then ERP delivery creates and distributed
to EWM, here in EWM, we see Route determined with proper means of transport for
outbound delivery order. The Route determination is based on Leg, request type and
transportation groups assigned for customer with stop sequence assigned. So route
determination is important for ODO to determine Door and stagbay.
So we take business scenario where we had two customer orders picked and going
to same route but one customer stop at first and second customer next.
Before we go configurations, we first understand how this was determined at
outbound delivery assuming that all master data of route and stage out maintained.

See below ODO’s are created in EWM and in the back ground route and door
&staging area are determined.
Now we go backwards and see what Master data we had in the system.
1st Master data is Route and see all the tabs how route can be determined with
respect to ship condition, request type for each customer with sequence
2nd Masterdata is with reference to each route and warehouse process type what
are the stag data we assigned.

From the above business scenario we could see customer specific staging bin
determined with sequence. Now we can see all the configurations and master data
required for door and stag determination.
For Stag and Door determination see below prerequisites:
You have defined staging area/door determination groups in Customizing
for EWM under Master Data →Staging Areas.
· You have defined doors and assigned staging areas and staging area/door
determination groups to these doors in Customizing for EWM under Master
Data → Warehouse Door.
● You should not specify a staging area or a door as the destination storage
type/destination storage bin when defining the warehouse process type for the
delivery in Customizing for
In order that the system can perform staging area and door determination in the
background, you must define determination rules. When doing this, you first specify
which values the system is to compare with the values in the delivery:
● Inbound delivery process: Warehouse process type and staging area/door
determination groups
● Outbound delivery process: Routes, departure calendar, staging area/door
determination groups, and destination sequence numbers
To define the determination rules for staging area and door determination, on
the SAP Easy Access screen, choose Extended Warehouse
Management → Settings → Shipping and Receiving → Staging Area and Door
Determination (Inbound) or Staging Area and Door Determination (Outbound).

Configurations:
SAP SCM – IMG > Extended Warehouse Management> Master Data > Define
Storage Types.
Each Staging area that will be used is defined as a Storage Type. These Storage
Types have storage type role = I and D . The difference between the two is there will
be additional steps performed in these staging areas (like Loading) it is a suggested
that these be defined as work centres. The External Step for these Storage Type is
configured as STAG. For Details you can see my previous blog on Process/Layout
Layout Configuration Guide.
SAP SCM – IMG > Extended Warehouse Management>Master Data >Staging Area
>Define Staging Area
Staging areas are storage sections that fall within a storage type with role ‘D’.
Staging areas are used to provide interim storage for goods after unloading or before
loading. During loading, the sequence of the bins in the staging area can be used as
a loading sequence. In the staging area definition, you select whether the staging
area is for use in Goods Issue or Goods Receipt process. You also define the
loading Rule.
SAP SCM – IMG >Extended Warehouse Management>Master Data >Warehouse
Door > Define Warehouse Door
The standard Action Profile, /SCWM/DOOR has been used for all doors.
SAP SCM – IMG >Extended Warehouse Management> Master Data > Warehouse
Door > Assign Staging Area/Door Determination Group to Door.
In this IMG activity, you define which staging area groups/door determination groups
are permitted for a warehouse door. You can use this, for example, to separately
control warehouse doors with bulk material and warehouse doors with palleted
goods.
SAP SCM – IMG > Extended Warehouse Management> Master Data > Warehouse
Door > Assign Staging Area to Warehouse Door
Using this you make the assignment between staging areas and doors. These
assignments are the basis for the determination rules (staging area, group, and door)
in the delivery.

Easy Access Master Data


SAP MENU > Extended Warehouse Management > Master Data > Source Bin à
/SCWM/LS01
In order to define a new staging area, go to Transaction /SCWM/LS01 and create a
new bin under the relevant staging area (Storage Type). After creating the storage
bin, please ensure you run the following transaction on the relevant Activity Areas
changed. /SCWM/SBST – Sort Storage Bins
SAP MENU > Extended Warehouse Management>Settings à Shipping and
Receiving à /SCWM/STADET_OUT – Staging Area and Door Determination
(Outbound)

Using this activity, you assign Staging Areas and Doors to a Route and Warehouse
Process Type associated with that Route. Using this, you can segregate where
orders belonging to separate routes will be staged in the warehouse.
The sequence No from and Sequence Number to fields help in directing the HU’s to
a customer specific bin on the floor. The Seqence No. from and Seqence No. to
Corresponds to a stop (a stop contains the Location (Ship-To) for the route in
question) on the route.
SAP MENU > Extended Warehouse Management> Settings à Shipping and
Receiving à /SCWM/STADET_ASS – Access Sequence to Staging Areas and Door
Determination.
Using this activity, you assign the access sequence number for the Staging Area
determination for Inbound or Outbound Activities. You can choose the key fields that
will be used for determination of an access sequence.

With this above master data and configurations we should get stagbay and door for
the ODO line and this will be further used to storage control for LOAD work step.
So in distribution centres the staging areas will drive the goods to right ship lane and
dock spots to further prepare pallets and load into truck.
Please find more information on Staging determination from help.sap.com
documentations online.