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## ES 13 Mechanics of Deformable Bodies September 28, 2017 (6:00-8:00 PM)

Second Departmental Examination Samplex First Semester 2017-2018

ACADEMIC INTEGRITY PLEDGE: On my honor, I will not give nor receive inappropriate aid in this examination.

## NAME & Signature: SECTION:

INSTRUCTIONS
1. Keep all answer sheets (even scratch sheets) stapled together during the entire examination period; otherwise your paper will
2. Submit this questionnaire together with your answer sheets. Do NOT unstaple this questionnaire.
3. Do NOT write anything else on this questionnaire except your name, signature, and section.
4. Turn all mobile phones and electronic audio/visual devices OFF during the entire examination period. Any form of cheating
will be strictly penalized.
5. Use only a blue or black ink pen.
6. Make sure to have written your name and section on every answer sheet, as well as consecutive answer sheet numbers.
7. Start the solution to each problem on a new sheet; do NOT write at the back; and put a box on your final answer/s.
8. Show clearly all pertinent solutions and state any assumptions made, if any.
PROBLEM 1
1A) What is the correct expression for the polar moment of inertia of a tubular shaft?
𝜋 4
a. (𝑟
4 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑟
− 𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑒𝑟 4 )
𝜋 4
b. (𝑟
2 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑟
− 𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑒𝑟 4)
𝜋
c. (𝑟
4 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑟
− 𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑒𝑟 )4
𝜋
d. (𝑟
2 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑟
− 𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑒𝑟 )4
1B) Which of the following is TRUE for torsion?
a. The shear strain increases as you go from the center to the surface of a member.
b. The angle of twist is independent of the material.
c. The shear stress along the radial line of any member is always continuous.
𝑇𝜌
d. We can use the torsion formula (𝜏 = 𝐽 ) to analyze a member with square cross section.

1C) The following will affect the angle of twist of a member EXCEPT:
a. Length of member
b. Experienced torque
c. First moment of area
d. Modulus of rigidity
A hollow rod (G = 80 GPa) is bent as shown in figure on
the right to support a homogeneous plate weighing 300
N. If the rod has an outer diameter of 50 mm, an inner
diameter of 40 mm and a linear mass density of 9 kg/m,
determine:
1D) The maximum shear stress due to torsion at a section
through a.
1E) The maximum angle-of-twist for segment AB of the
rod.

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PROBLEM 2
2A) Which of the following statements about the beam section shown
is TRUE (points A and B have equal distance from the broken line)?
a. The flexure fiber stresses at points A and B are equal and
tensile.
b. The transverse shear stresses at points A and B are equal.
c. The transverse shear stress is minimum either at the top or at
the bottom extreme fiber.
d. The flexure fiber stress is maximum along the x-axis.

2B) Which of the following is NOT an assumption in the derivation of the elastic flexure formula?
a. Plane sections remain plane.
b. Plane sections remain perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.
c. Deformations are small.
d. The cross section is symmetric with respect to the longitudinal axis.
2C) Which of the following statements is/are FALSE considering the
beam subjected to the uniformly distributed load shown?
a. The maximum flexural fiber stress occurs at the supports.
b. The maximum transverse shear stress occurs at the supports.
c. The flexural fiber stress is zero at the point of maximum
internal shear force.
d. The transverse shear stress is zero at the point of maximum
bending moment.

## A steel beam is loaded as shown on the right.

2D) Determine the maximum bending moment due to
the loads by drawing the shear and bending moment
diagram.
2E) Determine the bending moment the original beam
cross section can handle given that the allowable
normal stress in tension and compression in the steel is
150 MPa. Is the original beam cross section adequate
2F) If the cross section is inadequate, identical 5 mm
thick steel plates will be welded along the top and the
bottom for the whole length of the beam. Determine
the required width of the plates that will make the
beam adequate. Assume that welding will ensure that
flexural action will apply to the new cross section.

PROBLEM 3
3A) Which of the following is FALSE regarding the thin-walled pressure vessel?
a. There is uniform and constant stress distribution acting throughout the thickness of the vessel.
b. The longitudinal stress in the cylindrical vessel is twice its hoop stress.
c. Stress distribution throughout the thickness will not vary significantly.
d. The spherical vessel will have twice the capacity of the cylindrical vessel with the same radius and thickness.

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3B) Determine the maximum stress experienced by the vessel for a cylindrical pressure vessel with dimensions: D = 205
mm, t = 10 mm, if the internal gauge pressure is 10 kPa.
a. 51.25 kPa
b. 102.5 kPa
c. 205.0 kPa
d. Caannot be determined
3C) A thin cylindrical shell under internal pressure can fail by
a. Shear
b. Compression
c. Tension
d. None
A load P acting on the piston of a hydraulic cylinder causes 200 kPa internal pressure in the
confined region. The cylinder has a 300mm inner diameter, a 10 mm wall thickness and the
bottom is attached to a rigid floor.
3D) What is the axial/longitudinal stress in the wall of the cylinder?
3E) What is the hoop/circumferential stress in the wall of the cylinder?
(Note: Neglect the weight of the cylinder wall and the friction between piston and cylinder)

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