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Prepared By

B.N.DHANUNJAYARAO, &
Dr. K.S.RAGHURAM.

Part-A-Topic_1_CAMD_ Riveted Joints


Types of rivet heads, Single riveted lap joint, double riveted chain lap joint,
double riveted zig-zag lap joint, single riveted single strap butt joint, single
riveted double strap butt joint, double riveted double strap chain butt
joint, double riveted double strap zig-zag butt joint.
Rivets and Riveting:

Rivets are used to manufacture of boilers, storage tanks, etc., involve joining of steel sheets, by means
of riveted joints.

Figure: (a) Rivet and (b) Riveting.

Caulking and Fullering: (to produce air tight riveted joints)

(a) Outer edges of the plates used in boiler and other pressure vessels are beveled.
(b) Similar to caulking, the width of the fullering tool is equal to the width of the beveled
edges of the plates.

Figure: (a)Caulking and (b)Fullering.

Rivet Heads:

The size of the rivet, d is taken as,


where ‘t’ is the thickness of the plates to be joined in millimeters.
Various forms of rivet heads, used in general engineering works and boiler construction.

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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Definitions in Riveted Joints:

If d is the diameter of the rivet then,

1. Pitch (P)=3d =distance between the

centers of the adjacent rivets in the same row,

2. Margin (m)=1.5d=distance from the

edge of the plate to the center of the nearest rivet.

3. Row Pitch (pr)= 0.8p for chain riveting &

0.6p for zig-zag riveting = distance

between two adjacent rows of rivets.

4. Diagonal Pitch (pd)=distance between the

center of a rivet in a row to the next rivet in

the adjacent row (Used in Zig-Zag Riveting).

5. Chain Riveting: rivets are used along a number of rows

such that the rivets in the adjacent rows are

placed directly opposite to each other.

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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6. Zig-Zag Riveting: rivets in the adjacent rows are staggered

and are placed in between those of the previous row.

Single riveted lap joint:

Single row of rivets placed in a plate is single riveted and


plate1 overlaps over plate2 is lap joint.

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of Single


riveted lap joint

Double riveted chain lap joint:

Two rows of rivets placed in a plate is double riveted,


plate1 overlaps over plate2 is lap joint and adjacent rows
placed opposite to each other is chain riveting system.

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of the Double


riveted chain lap joint

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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Double riveted zig-zag lap joint:
Two rows of rivets placed in a plate is double riveted,
plate1 overlaps over plate2 is lap joint and adjacent rows
are staggered to each other is zig-zag riveting system.

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of the Double


riveted zig-zag lap joint

Single riveted, single strap butt joint:


Single row of rivets placed in a plate is single riveted,
plate1 & plate2 placed side by side is butt joint and
Single strap is used to achieve the joint is
single strap joint.
In a single strap butt joint, the thickness of the strap
(cover plate) is given by, t1 = 1.125t

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of Single riveted,


single strap butt joint.

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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Single riveted, double strap butt joint:
Single row of rivets placed in a plate is single riveted,
plate1 & plate2 placed side by side is butt joint and
double straps are used to achieve the joint is
double strap joint.
If two straps are used, the thickness of each cover plate
is given by, t2 = 0.75t

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of Single riveted,


double strap butt joint.

Double riveted, double strap chain butt joint:

Two rows of rivets placed in a plate is double riveted,


plate1 & plate2 placed side by side is butt joint,
two straps are used to achieve the joint is
double strap joint and adjacent rows placed
opposite to each other is chain riveting system.
If two straps are used, the thickness of each cover
Plate is given by, t2 = 0.75t

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of Double riveted, double strap
chain butt joint

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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Double riveted, double strap zig-zag butt joint:
Two rows of rivets placed in a plate is double
riveted, plate1 & plate2 placed side by side is
butt joint, two straps are used to achieve the
joint is double strap joint and adjacent rows
are staggered to each other is zig-zag riveting
system.
If two straps are used, the thickness of each cover
Plate is given by, t2 = 0.75t

Figure: Sectional front view and top view of Double riveted, double strap zig-
zag butt joint

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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DRAWING EXERCISES

1. Draw the different types of rivet heads and take the thickness of the plates as 9 mm.
2. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the Single riveted lap joint and the thickness of
the plates is 9 mm.
3. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the Double riveted chain lap joint and the
thickness of the plates is 9 mm.
4. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the Double riveted zig-zag lap joint and the
thickness of the plates is 9 mm.
5. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the Single riveted single strap butt joint and the
thickness of the plates is 9 mm.
6. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the Single riveted double strap butt joint and the
thickness of the plates is 9 mm.
7. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the double riveted double strap chain butt joint
and the thickness of the plates is 9 mm.
8. Draw the sectional front view and top view of the double riveted double strap zig-zag butt joint
and the thickness of the plates is 9 mm.

B.N.Dhanunjayarao, Email: dhanunjayborra@gmail.com


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