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DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 10 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = 43.5 KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) =


(𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2)/8

= 543.75 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)/2

= 217.50 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007


k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 67

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web

For Economical depth of web:


SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.
𝑑= ∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 526.23 mm 543750000
36431250000
145725000

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 600 mm

Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 8.96 mm

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 10 mm


For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 60 OK

Thus, Consider size of web plate of girder as 10mm thk * 600mm deep.

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤ (𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 3987.50 sq.mm 543750000
598125000
2392500
3987.50

Keep flange in plastic section category.


Therefore ;

�/𝑡� ≤ 8.4Table 2;page18. IS800-2007

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.
Consider b/tf = 7

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore; 25
Thickness of flange (tf) = 23.87 mm
569.64
23.87
Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 25 mm

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 175 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange = 360 mm

Consider Overall width of flange = 375 mm

Thus, Consider size of flange plate of girder as 32mm thk * 4000mm wide.
5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:

Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we

Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


𝑀𝑑 = (β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ where;
βb =
Zp =
Fy =
Zp = Ixx/Ymax γ =
βb = 1
NEGLECTIN.
488281.25
Ixx = 1981445313 mm^4 990234375
Ymax = 325 mm 1981445313
Therefore ;
Zp = 6096754.808 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 1385626093 Nmm.
= 1385.63 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe

6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/(√3∗γ) =
Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
(𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/(√3∗γ)

Vd = 909.09 KN 1500000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 909090.9090909
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 545.45 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 62.5 mm d

Fw = 369.32 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe h2
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

Slenderness ratio = Kl/ry


= 145.49 Kl = (0.7*d) = 420
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 = 2.89
Buckling Class "c" d
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 62.7 mpa

Therefore; tf
Fwb = 250.80 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe

8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4)/


(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I = 1981445313 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

180000000
Δmax = 14.29 mm 1981445312.5 488281.25
990234375
As per IRC-6 2010: 1981445313

Δper = (Leff/600)

25
Δper = 16.67 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok
8. DESIGN OF WELD:

Design of weld connecting web plate and flanges.

Maximum Shear Force = 217.50 KN


Shear stress(q) in flange at level of junction between web plate and flange.

q = (𝐹 )/(�∗𝐼) 217500 KN
(𝑎∗𝑦) 1143750 mm^3
1981445312.5 mm^4
180000000 mm^4
q= 0.307 N/sq.mm

Therefore; Shear force per mm length in the junction

S.F/mm = 115.09 N

If 's' is the size of weld; throat thickness of weld is '0.7s'


Providing weld on both sides web strength per unit length will be equal to

Web Strength = 𝐹𝑢/


(γ𝑚∗√(2&3))
Web Strength = 328 s

Equating it to Shear force;


Thus,Size of weld = 0.35 mm

As per Table 21; pg 78; IS 800-2007

Minimum size of weld = 8 mm


375

600 10
ed by flanges only and web is designed only to resist shear.

1.0 for plastic section.


Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Yield stress of material.
Partial safety factor of material.

S 800-2007
b

b1
b

n1 =300

b1

375

600 10
DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 15 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = 43.5 KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) = (𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2)


/8

= 1223.44 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)/


2

= 326.25 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007


67

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web

For Economical depth of web:


𝑑= SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.
∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦
)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 689.56 mm 1223437500
81970312500
327881250

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 800 mm

Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 11.94 mm

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 16 mm


For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 50.00 OK

Thus, Consider size of web plate of girder as 16mm thk * 800mm deep.

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤ (𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 6728.91 sq.mm 1223437500
1345781250
5383125
6728.91

Keep flange in plastic section category.


Therefore ;

�/𝑡� ≤ 8.4 Table 2;page18. IS800-2007

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.
Consider b/tf = 7

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore;
Thickness of flange (tf) = 31.00 mm

Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 32 mm

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 224 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange = 464

Consider Overall width of flange = 500 mm

Thus, Consider size of flange plate of girder as 32mm thk * 500mm wide.
5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:
Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we
resist shear.

Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


𝑀𝑑 = (β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ where;

Zp = Ixx/Ymax
βb = 1
NEGLECTING
.

Ixx = 5974698667 mm^4


Ymax = 432 mm
Therefore ;
Zp = 13830320.99 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 3143254770 Nmm.
= 3143.25 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe

6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/(√3∗γ) =
Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
(𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/(√3∗γ)

Vd = 1939.39 KN 3200000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 1939393.939
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 1163.64 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 80 mm

Fw = 654.55 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

Slenderness ratio = K l / ry
= 121.24 Kl = (0.7*d) = 560
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 = 4.62
Buckling Class "c"
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 52.44 mpa

Therefore;
Fwb = 419.52 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe

8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4


)/(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I = 5974698667 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

682666666.7
Δmax = 24.00 mm 5974698667 1365333.333
2985984000
As per IRC-6 2010: 5974698667

Δper = (Leff/600)

Δper = 25.00 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok
8. DESIGN OF WELD:

Design of weld connecting web plate and flanges.

Maximum Shear Force = 326.25 KN


Shear stress(q) in flange at level of junction between web plate and flange.

q = (𝐹 )/(�∗𝐼) 326250
(𝑎∗𝑦) 3264000
5974698666.67
682666666.667
q= 0.320 N/sq.mm

Therefore; Shear force per mm length in the junction

S.F/mm = 159.96 N

If 's' is the size of weld; throat thickness of weld is '0.7s'


Providing weld on both sides web strength per unit length will be equal to

Web Strength = 𝐹𝑢/


(γ𝑚∗√(2&3))
Web Strength = 328 s

Equating it to Shear force;


Thus,Size of weld = 0.49 mm

As per Table 21; pg 78; IS 800-2007

Minimum size of weld = 8 mm


500

800 16
32

961.27
31.00

mm
e resisted by flanges only and web is designed only to

ge 53 ; IS 800-2007

βb = 1.0 for plastic section.


Zp = Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
γ = Partial safety factor of material.

1365333.333
2985984000
5974698667

4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007


b

h2

b1
b

n1 =400

tf

b1

500

800 16

32
KN
mm^3
mm^4
mm^4

be equal to
DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 20 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = 43.5 KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) = (𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2)/8

= 2175.00 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)/2

= 435.00 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 67 Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web

For Economical depth of web:

𝑑= ∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦)
SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.
𝑑= ∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 835.34 mm 2175000000
145725000000
582900000

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 1000 mm

Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 14.93 mm

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 16 mm

For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 62.5 OK

Thus, Consider size of web plate of girder as 16mm thk * 1000mm deep.

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤
(𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 9570.00 sq.mm 2175000000
2392500000
9570000
9570.00

Keep flange in plastic section category.


Therefore ;
�/𝑡� ≤ 8.4 Table 2;page18. IS800-2007

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.

Consider b/tf = 7

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore;
Thickness of flange (tf) = 36.97 mm

Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 40 mm

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 280 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange = 576

Consider Overall width of flange = 600 mm

Thus, Consider size of flange plate of girder as 40mm thk * 600mm wide.
5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:

Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we

Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


𝑀𝑑 = (β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ where;

Zp = Ixx/Ymax
βb = 1
NEGLECTING WE
.

Ixx = 1.4003E+10 mm^4


Ymax = 540 mm
Therefore ;
Zp = 25931852 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 5893602694 Nmm.
= 5893.60 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe

6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/(√3∗γ) =
Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
(𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/(√3∗γ)

Vd = 2424.24 KN 4000000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 2424242.424242
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 1454.55 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 100 mm

Fw = 727.27 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100 mm

Slenderness ratio = Kl/ry


= 151.55 Kl = (0.7*d) = 700
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 = 4.62
Buckling Class "c"
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 58.28 mpa

Therefore;
Fwb = 559.49 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe

8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4)/


(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I= 14003200000 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

1333333333.333
Δmax = 32.36 mm 14003200000 3200000
6998400000
As per IRC-6 2010: 14003200000

Δper = (Leff/600)

Δper = 33.33 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok
8. DESIGN OF WELD:

Design of weld connecting web plate and flanges.

Maximum Shear Force = 435.00 KN


Shear stress(q) in flange at level of junction between web plate and flange.

q = (𝐹 )/(�∗𝐼) 435000
(𝑎∗𝑦) 4876800
14003200000
1333333333.3
q= 0.231 N/sq.mm

Therefore; Shear force per mm length in the junction

S.F/mm = 138.32 N

If 's' is the size of weld; throat thickness of weld is '0.7s'


Providing weld on both sides web strength per unit length will be equal to

Web Strength = 𝐹𝑢/


(γ𝑚∗√(2&3))
Web Strength = 328 s

Equating it to Shear force;


Thus,Size of weld = 0.42 mm

As per Table 21; pg 78; IS 800-2007

Minimum size of weld = 8 mm


600

1000 16

40

1367.14
36.97

mm
ed by flanges only and web is designed only to resist shear.

53 ; IS 800-2007

βb = 1.0 for plastic section.


Zp = Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
γ = Partial safety factor of material.

3200000
7E+09
1.4E+10

1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
b

h2

b1
b

n1 =500

tf

b1

600

1000 16

40
KN
mm^3
mm^4
mm^4
DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 30 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) = (𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2)/8

= 13000.00 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)/2

= 1700.00 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 67 Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web

For Economical depth of web:

𝑑= ∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦)
SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.
𝑑= ∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 1515.98 mm 13000000000
871000000000
3484000000

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 2150 mm

Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 32.09 mm

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 32 mm

For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 67.1875 OK

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤
(𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 26604.65 sq.mm 13000000000
14300000000
57200000
26604.65

Keep flange in plastic section category.


Therefore ;
�/𝑡� ≤ 8.4 Table 2;page18. IS800-2007

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.

Consider b/tf = 7

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore;
Thickness of flange (tf) = 61.65 mm

Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 32 mm

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 224 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange = 480

Consider Overall width of flange = 1000 mm


5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:

Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we

Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


𝑀𝑑 = (β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ where;

Zp = Ixx/Ymax
βb = 1
NEGLECTING WE
.

Ixx = 7.8434E+10 mm^4


Ymax = 1107 mm
Therefore ;
Zp = 70852933 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 1.6103E+10 Nmm.
= 16102.94 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe

6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/(√3∗γ) =
Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
(𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/(√3∗γ)

Vd = 10424.24 KN 17200000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 10424242.42424
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 6254.55 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 200 mm

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 80 mm

Fw = 2036.36 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 200 mm

Slenderness ratio = Kl/ry


= 162.92 Kl = (0.7*d) = 1505
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 = 9.24
Buckling Class "c"
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 58.28 mpa

Therefore;
Fwb = 2377.82 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe

8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4)/


(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I = 78434197333.33 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

26502333333.33
Δmax = 0.00 mm 78434197333.33 2730666.666667
39214368000
As per IRC-6 2010: 78434197333.33

Δper = (Leff/600)

Δper = 50.00 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok
8. DESIGN OF WELD:

Design of weld connecting web plate and flanges.

Maximum Shear Force = 1700.00 KN


Shear stress(q) in flange at level of junction between web plate and flange.

q = (𝐹 )/(�∗𝐼) 1700000
(𝑎∗𝑦) 34912000
78434197333
26502333333
q= 0.566 N/sq.mm

Therefore; Shear force per mm length in the junction

S.F/mm = 565.58 N

If 's' is the size of weld; throat thickness of weld is '0.7s'


Providing weld on both sides web strength per unit length will be equal to

Web Strength = 𝐹𝑢/


(γ𝑚∗√(2&3))
Web Strength = 328 s

Equating it to Shear force;


Thus,Size of weld = 1.72 mm

As per Table 21; pg 78; IS 800-2007

Minimum size of weld = 8 mm


1000

2150 32

32

3800.66
61.65

mm
ed by flanges only and web is designed only to resist shear.

53 ; IS 800-2007

βb = 1.0 for plastic section.


Zp = Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
γ = Partial safety factor of material.

2730667
3.9E+10
7.8E+10

1; pg 59; IS 800-2007
b

h2

b1
b

n1 =500

tf

b1

1000

2150 32

32
KN
mm^3
mm^4
mm^4
DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 7.5 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = 43.55 KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) = (𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2


)/8

= 306.21 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)


/2

= 163.31 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007


67

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web
For Economical depth of web:

𝑑= SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.


∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦
)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 434.56 mm

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 450


Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 6.72

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 8

For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 56.25 OK

Thus, Consider size of web plate of girder as 8mm thk * 450mm deep.

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤
(𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 2994.06 sq.mm 306210937.5
336832031.3
1347328.125
2994.06
Keep flange in plastic section category.
Therefore ;
�/𝑡� ≤ Table 2;page18. IS800-2007
8.4

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.

Consider b/tf = 7

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore;
Thickness of flange (tf) = 20.68

Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 22

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 154 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange =

Consider Overall width of flange = 325

Thus, Consider size of flange plate of girder as 22mm thk * 325mm wide.

5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:

Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we

𝑀𝑑 = Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-200

(β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ

Zp = Ixx/Ymax
βb = 1
NEGLECTING
.
Ixx = 873005466.7 mm^4
Ymax = 247 mm
Therefore ;
Zp = 3534435.088 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 803280701.8 Nmm.
= 803.28 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe
6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/
(√3∗γ) = (𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/ Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 80
(√3∗γ)

Vd = 545.45 KN 900000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 545454.5455
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 327.27 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 55 mm

Fw = 281.82 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100

Slenderness ratio = K l / ry
= 136.40 Kl = (0.7*d) =
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 =
Buckling Class "c"
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 69.12 mpa

Therefore;
Fwb = 179.71 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe
8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4)/


(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I = 873005466.7 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

60750000
Δmax = 10.28 mm 873005466.7 288383.3333
436214350
As per IRC-6 2010: 873005466.7

Δper = (Leff/600)

Δper = 12.50 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok

8. DESIGN OF WELD:
-6 Part:02; pg 50.

306210937.5
20516132813
82064531.25

mm
mm

mm

member.

.
325
ble 2;page18. IS800-2007

450 8

22
mm
427.72
20.68
mm

316 mm

mm

325mm wide.

be resisted by flanges only and web is designed only to resist shear.

ause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


where;
βb = 1.0 for plastic section.
Zp = Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
γ = Partial safety factor of material.
288383.3333
436214350
873005466.7
ause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007

67;IS 800-2007

mm b

h2

b1
mm

b
315
2.31
d

n1 =

tf

b1
325

ungs modulus of elasticity.


oment of Inertia. b

450 8

22
DESIGN OF PLATE GIRDER

1. INPUT:

Effective length of girder = 8.4 m


Yield strength of steel (Fy) = 250 mpa
Partial Safety factor due to buckling (γ) = 1.1
Factored Load acting (UDL)(W) = 43.55 KN/m

2. Bending Moment & Shear Force:

Design as Simply Supported Member:

Bending Moment (Mu) = (𝑊∗ 〖����〗 ^2


)/8

= 384.11 KNm.

Shear Force (S.F) (Vu) = (𝑊∗����)


/2

= 182.91 KN.

3. Depth of Plate Girder:

If Stiffeners are to bo avoided:

k = 𝑑/𝑡� ≤ Clause 8.4.2.1 ; page 59; IS 800-2007


67

where;
k= Shear buckling co-efficient
d= Depth of plate girder web
tw = Thickness of web
For Economical depth of web:

𝑑= SP-6 Part:02; pg 50.


∛((𝑀𝑢∗𝑘)/𝐹𝑦
)

Consider k = 67

Thus,
d= 468.67 mm

Consider Depth of web of girder (d) = 500


Now;
Thickness of web plate ( tw) =
𝑑/𝑘

tw = 7.46

Consider thickness of web plate (d) = 8

For Section to be PLASTIC SECTION;

𝑑/𝑡� ≤ 84

Now; d/tw = 62.5 OK

Thus, Consider size of web plate of girder as 8mm thk * 450mm deep.

4. SELECTION OF FLANGE:

Neglectng moment carrying capacity of web area;

Area of flange required is given by following relation

Mu ≤
(𝐴�∗𝐹𝑦∗𝑑)/γ

where;
Mu = Bending moment acting on the member.
Af = Area of flange.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
d= Depth of web plate.
γ= Partial safety factor of material.

Thus ;
Af = 3380.18 sq.mm 384111000
422522100
1690088.4
3380.18
Keep flange in plastic section category.
Therefore ;
�/𝑡� ≤ Table 2;page18. IS800-2007
8.4

where;
b= width of flange.
tf = thickness of flange.

Consider b/tf = 7.5

Area of flange(Af) = b*tf


Therefore;
Thickness of flange (tf) = 21.23

Consider thickness of flange (tf) = 22

Thus;
Width of flange (b) = 165 mm

Therefore; Overall width of flange =

Consider Overall width of flange = 350

Thus, Consider size of flange plate of girder as 22mm thk * 325mm wide.

5. CHECK FOR MOMENT CARRYING CAPACITY:

Since it is assumed that only the bending moment and axial force acting on the section to be resisted by flanges only and we

𝑀𝑑 = Clause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-200

(β�∗𝑍𝑝∗𝐹𝑦)/γ

Zp = Ixx/Ymax
βb = 1
NEGLECTING
.
Ixx = 1139974733 mm^4
Ymax = 272 mm
Therefore ;
Zp = 4191083.578 mm^3

Therefore ;
Md = 952518995.1 Nmm.
= 952.52 KNm.

Since, Md ≥ Mu
Safe
6.SHEAR RESISTANCE TO WEB:

Vd = 𝑉𝑛/γ = (𝐴𝑣∗𝐹𝑦)/
(√3∗γ) = (𝑑∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�)/ Clause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 80
(√3∗γ)

Vd = 606.06 KN 1000000
1.65
Since, Vd ≥ Vu 606060.6061
Safe

Also ;
0.6Vd = 363.64 KN

Since, 0.6Vd ≥ Vu
Hence Assumpion is correct
Hence,No Stiffeners are required.

7.CHECK FOR END BEARING/WEB CRIPPLING:

Bearing strength of Web is given by:

Clause 8.7.4;pg 67;IS 800-2007


𝐹�𝑑=(�1+𝑛2)∗𝑡�∗𝐹𝑦�/γ

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100

n2 = 2.5*h2 where, h2 = tf
n2 = 55 mm

Fw = 281.82 KN

Since, Fw ≥ Vu
Safe
Thus, End Stiffner is not required.
7.CHECK FOR WEB BUCKLING:

𝐹��=(�1+𝑛1)∗𝑡�∗�𝑐𝑑

Assuming minimum stiff bearing provided at support (b1) = 100

Slenderness ratio = K l / ry
= 151.55 Kl = (0.7*d) =
ry = ((tw*tw)/12)^1/2 =
Buckling Class "c"
From Table 9c;pg 42; IS 800-2007

Fcd = 69.12 mpa

Therefore;
Fwb = 193.54 KN.

Since, Fwb ≥ Vu
Safe
8. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:

For U.D.L ;

Δmax = (5∗𝑊𝑢∗ 〖����〗 ^4)/


(384∗𝐸∗𝐼)
where;
E= 200000 E= Youngs modulus of elasticity.
I = 1139974733 mm^4 I= Moment of Inertia.

83333333.33
Δmax = 12.38 mm 1139974733 310566.6667
569676800
As per IRC-6 2010: 1139974733

Δper = (Leff/600)

Δper = 14.00 mm
Since, Δmax < Δper
Hence Ok

8. DESIGN OF WELD:
-6 Part:02; pg 50.

384111000
25735437000
102941748

mm
mm

mm

member.

.
350
ble 2;page18. IS800-2007

500 8

22
mm
450.69
21.23
mm

338 mm

mm

325mm wide.

be resisted by flanges only and web is designed only to resist shear.

ause 8.2.1.2 ; page 53 ; IS 800-2007


where;
βb = 1.0 for plastic section.
Zp = Plastic section modulii of c/s.
Fy = Yield stress of material.
γ = Partial safety factor of material.
310566.6667
569676800
1139974733
ause 8.4,8.4.1,8.4.1.1; pg 59; IS 800-2007

67;IS 800-2007

mm b

h2

b1
mm

b
350
2.31
d

n1 =

tf

b1
350

ungs modulus of elasticity.


oment of Inertia. b

500 8

22