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ELC 590


Student’s Name : Nor Ku Nazatul Husna Bt Mohd Jackariya

Metric Number : 2018224504

Faculty/Group : Faculty Of Applied Science/AS245

Lecturer’s Name : Madam Nazirah

: Video & Power point slides

General purpose : To persuade

Specific purpose : To persuade my audience on why we should learn foreign language,

how to start learning them, and the benefits of learning foreign language.

Central idea : Learning foreign language can give many benefits and therefore, we
must start learning them


I. There is always another way to say anything. Different words with same meaning can
be used by people to communicate with others
A. For example, hello can be said in other language such as ‘apa khabar’ in Malay,
‘bonjour’ in French and ‘hola’ in Spanish
II. There are about 7000 different languages are spoken around the world.
A. According to UNESCO, the world’s most widely spoken languages are Mandarin
Chinese, English, Spanish, Hindi, Arabic, Bengali, Russian, Portuguese, Japanese,
German and French.
III. After doing extensive research, it made me realize that people should start learning
foreign language
IV. Today, I’m going to persuade all of you to start learning foreign language because it can
give various advantages in our life

(Transition: So, lets look more closely on why we should learn foreign language)

I. Why we should learn foreign language?

A. Being multilingual can improve attention and memory

1. It provides a “cognitive reserve” that delays the onset of dementia

a. Research made by psychologist, Ellen Bialystok at York University Canada in

2010 found that speaking two languages delayed dementia diagnosis by five

2. Alzheimer’s can attack anyone, but bilingual people may delay the development
of this disease
a. It can be delayed by four to five years later compare to monolingual people
i. Based on study by American Association for the Advancement of Science
in 2011 shows half of 450 Alzheimer’s patients had been bilingual for
most of their lives.

B. It can heighten creativity and problem solving skills

1. The study in the International Journal of Bilingualism shows Bilingual kids seem to
do better on tasks examining problem-solving skills and creativity,

2. Developments in bilingual’s cognitive functions facilitate creative abilities.

a. Behzad, a researcher from Mashad University in 2012 stated a series of studies

on creativity among adult bilinguals had been conducted.

i. Studies show bilinguals’ proficiency in both languages affect their

cognitive development.

ii. It makes bilingual speakers enhance cognitive flexibility, divergent

thinking, and creative expression of experience.

(Transition: So, what can we do if we are inspired to learn another language?)

II. How we can start learning foreign language?

A. We have to keep practicing the language.

1. Our ears need to get used to the sounds of new language.

a. Robert DeKeyser, a professor of second language at University of

Maryland in 2010 stated maintaining a language is a matter of dedicating
enough time to it

b. Do some interaction with native speakers.

B. Most experts agree it is depends on individual to find their ideal learning method

1. Richard Simcott, a polyglot with 14 languages worked at British Foreign

Services mentioned in 2010 that we need to find whatever method we find
more comfortable and be consistent
a. If audio works on us, go on by learning with audio and make sure it is
consistent learning.

(Transition: There are list of benefits we could get from learning foreign languages)

III. There are some benefits of learning foreign language

A. Can speak second language rapidly become one of defining characteristics of this 21 st

1. Potential employee can impress employer by stating this skill on resume.

a. It is a valuable asset to be able to communicate with employees from

other region
b. Irene Missen, language specialist recruitment agency Euro London
estimated a language help increase wages between 10%-15%.
i. Especially in jobs such as sales, marketing or technical support

2. Helps make great first impression, shows that we are willing to go beyond
maintaining the relationship.

B. Give advantage when we are travelling

1. Help eliminate culture shock

a. Easier to relax and have fun while travelling while confidently
communicating in their native language

b. Karen Lichtman, Spanish linguistic professor who researches second

language acquisition in 2015 mentioned that we can know more
about the places we visited if we know their language

i. For instance, when asking for directions, and learn about their
cultural references

2. More easily make friends around the world

a. Best way to connect with new people whether in home country or


b. It can allow more personal interactions.

i. For example, can share incredible experience with each other and
learn more about their culture.

I. The reason we should learn foreign language is because of it can help improve
cognitive skills and abilities.
II. So, we should start learning them by practicing some tips and methods as I have
III. There are lot of advantages of learning foreign language such as it can help boost
up our career potential and give big advantages while we are traveling
IV. Remember, there is always another way to say anything.


Anderson, S. (2012). How many languages are there in the world? Retrieve 22
November 2016 from http://www.linguisticsociety.org/content/how-many-

Chan, A. (2014, June, 14). 7 Reasons Why It’s Good To Speak Another Language.
The Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 November 2016 from

Dean, T. (2016, April 12). Global Trends in Foreign Language Demand and
Proficiency. Travel Student Planning Guide. Retrieved 24 November 2016 from

Ghonsooly, B & Showqi, S. (2012). The Effects of Foreign Language Learning on

Creativity. English Language Teaching. 5(4). 161-167. Retrieved 22 November 2016
from http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n4p161

Hazlehurst, J. (2010, August 28). Learning a foreign language: Now you’re talking.
The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2016 from
Keen, L. (2010, July 27). How To Learn a Second Language. Forbes. Retrieved 24
November 2016 from http://www.forbes.com/2010/07/27/learn-second-

Parisi, T. (2015, September 16). 10 Reasons to be bilingual, Mastering a second

language has hidden perks. NIU Newsroom. Retrieved 24 November 2016 from