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1.

0 SCOPE
1.1 This Specification describes the requirements governing manufacture, packing and delivery at site, and installation of the plant
earthing system along with its components. The equipment shall be manufactured in accordance with latest Indian/IEC Standards
applicable to such equipment and components and requirements detailed in this technical specification. The work shall be
executed according to most stringent of these requirements.
1.2 Compliance with the provisions of this specification shall not relieve the Bidder of the responsibility of furnishing apparatus and
accessories of proper design, electrically and mechanically suited to meet the operating requirements under the specified service
conditions and be suitable for the purpose of which they are intended.

2.0 CODES AND STANDARDS


i. IS: 3043 – Code of Practice for Earthing
ii. IS: 3716 - Insulation Co-ordination Application Guide
iii. IS: 2309 - Code of Practice for Protection of Buildings and Allied Structures against Lightning
iv. Indian Electricity Rules, 1956, as amended in 2002
v. The Indian Electricity Act, 1910
vi. National Electrical Code

2.2 The Bidder shall be responsible to be, or to become, knowledgeable of the requirements of these Standards and Codes. Any
alternations or changes to the equipment to make it meet Standards and Codes requirements shall be at his expense only.
2.3 A broad statement that any equipment being supplied is generally in accordance with this Specification or any part of it shall not be
acceptable. Any exceptions, deviations or omissions from this Specification proposed by the Bidder shall be itemized from this
quotation and subject to approval by the Purchaser before commencement of manufacture.

3.0 SITE CONDITIONS


3.1 Earthign system and equipment shall be suitable for the installation and satisfactory performance in dusty, humid and tropical
atmosphere laden with corrosive chemical vapours and gases and site conditions as specified in the Data Sheets, Annexure - II.

4.0 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION IN BRIEF


4.1.1 The earth gird shall consist of main grounding grid conductors forming a closed ring network with required number of pipe type
earthing stations connected to it to provide a common earth for electrical equipment and metallic structures. Two distinct
connections shall be made from each earthing station to the main grounding/earthing met through GI flat.
4.1.2 The earth bus in required numbers shall be installed in various plant open areas and rooms. Each earth bus shall be provided two
distinct connections by GI flats from the main grounding grid conductors available nearby. The plant equipment, metallic structures,
tanks, etc. shall be brought to earth by providing two distinct connections between earth bus installed nearby and that equipment,
tank, apparatus, etc.

5.0 CONSTRUCTION FEATURES


5.1 Pipe type earthing station
5.1.1 Pipe type earthing stations shall consist of following components.
5.1.1.1 Pipe type earth electrode
i. Material of pipe : Galvanized steel (GI)
ii. Dimensions of pipe : 3500 mm long x 100 mm inside dia x 6 mm thick
iii. One end of electrode : to be made pointed
iv. Connections:
As indicated in the drawing, the connecting strip, having dimensions 65mm W x 10mm th x 300mm L to suit the requirement, shall
be firmly fixed to the pipe at one end (non-pointed) with a clamp and two sets of hardware consisting of nut-bolts, washer, spring
washer as shown in the drawing. Two open ends of the strip shall be connected to the grounding met conductors using required
size of hardware. The connection shall be made in the brick chamber so that it will also work as disconnecting link.
v. Watering arrangement in pipe:
For watering, the earth electrode pipe shall have cress-cross perforations of 3-4 mm size extending from the bottom of the pipe up
to 2500 mm length. For pouring water, a GI funnel with wire mesh and cap shall be provided on the top end of the pipe. With this
arrangement, the water, poured from the funnel, shall flow in the entire length of pipe and uniformly spread into the earth pit.
vi. Brick chamber & cover:
a. This brick chamber with cement plaster of dimensions in accordance with the drawing shall be constructed so as to protect the
earthing station and to facilitate to locate the earthing station easily. The chamber shall also facilitate pouring of water and would
provide easy access for testing, which would require disconnection of the earth electrode and connection to the earthing grid.
b. IS marked cast iron cover of appropriate dimensions shall be supplied as specified in IS: 3043 along with fabricated MS angle
frame. The cover shall be hinged to the frame. The frame shall be grouted in brick masonry work of earthing station. The cove rand
frame shall be painted with bitumen paint after applying primer. Earthign station Tag No. shall be painted on top of cover as per
designation given on the layout drawing.
vii. Depth of earth pipe:
a. The depth of an earth electrode pipe shall be in approximately in accordance with the drawing as well as on nature of soil.
However as per general guidelines, the pipe electrode shall have to be placed at depth where soft earth is available. This is to
reduce the effect of earth resistance.
b. Prior to digging at the site, the earth test results shall be referred to so that it may provide necessary guidelines for the depth to be
maintained.

ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD. REV


203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA - 390005
TEL : 2333250, 2353834, 3057527, 3057528 FAX: 0265 - 2313387 DATE

CLIENT : LAVASA CORPORATION LTD., PUNE CHK BY

Page 1 of 10
PROJECT: 2.4 MLD STP APPD

viii. Distance between adjacent earthing station:


Minimum spacing between two adjacent earthing stations shall not be less than 3 mtr and shall be kept at least 2 mtr away from
the structures to clear the footings.
ix. Filling of charcoal and salt:
The excavated pit shall be filled with alternate layer of charcoal and salt up to length of earth electrode pipe from the bottom as
shown in the drawing. Remaining excavation shall be backfilled with the excavated earth.

5.2 Earth bus


5.2.1 Earth bus shall be GI flat of size 65mm x 10mm thick x 500 mm overall length. Holes for installation and for connecting with the GI
risers of 75mm x 5mm size from the grounding earth grid met shall be drilled of minimum 35mm dia. The drawing is attached with
this specification showing the requirement of shape of earth bus.
5.2.2 The earth us shall be installed on wall inside the buildings by grouting and on structures, wherever available in outdoor areas, by
bolting using hardware of adequate size and strength. It may be installed on the frame fabricated using MS angles of suitable size
at locations having no wall or structure. The frame shall be grouted in the ground.
5.2.3 Each floor of building shall be provided its own earth bus embedded in the concrete or installed on the wall. If earthing grid is
required to lay in the floor, minimum concrete cover of 50 mm shall be provided over GI flat.

5.3 Earthing/Grounding met conductors


5.3.1 GI flat of size 65mm x 10mm shall be used to form the grounding met. The grounding met shall be formed by making
interconnections between earthing stations and grounding met shall be as shown in the earthing layout drawing.
5.3.2 Minimum depth of grounding conductor shall be 1000mm. Generally, the conductors shall be laid as per layout, however wherever
pipelines or cables shall be encountered en route, suitable modification for route shall be carried out at site during course of
execution of work. Necessary protection to the conductors laid underground shall be provided with sand/bricks to prevent
mechanical damage.
5.3.3 The joints between met conductors shall be done only by /brazing/welding, except the connections made with the earthing stations
as mentioned elsewhere in this specification.
5.3.4 Conducting petroleum jelly shall be applied to the contact surfaces of GI flats in case of bolted joints. All the brazed/welded joints
shall be applied bituminous paint and shall be taped to prevent corrosion.
5.3.5 When GI conductors are connected to copper/aluminium bus, the contact surfaces of GI shall be tinned or suitable bi-metallic
washers shall be used between joints.
5.3.6 Earthing conductors running along the steel structures shall be welded at interval of 1000mm and running on the walls of the
buildings shall be cleated at interval of 750mm along the route.

6.0 GUIDELINES FOR EARTHING AND GROUNDING


6.1 All the electrical equipment/metallic frames of electrical equipment operating at 250 volts and above shall be provided with two
separate and distinct connections to the earthing met through the earth bus.
6.2 The motors up to rating 3.7 kW shall be provided earthing using 8 SWG GI bare wire. The motors rated 5.5 kW and above shall be
provided earthing using 25mm x 3mm GI flat. PB stations and Welding receptacles shall be provided earthing using 8 SWG GI bare
wire.
6.3 Steel structures, MS tanks, etc. shall be provided grounding using 40mm x 5 mm GI flat. MCC Panels, Lighting Boards, pipe racks,
lighting poles, etc. shall be provided earthing using 25mm x 3mm GI flat.
6.4 15/5A plug sockets, light fixtures, electrically operated appliances, junction boxes, metallic conduits, etc. shall be connected to
earth by using 14 SWG GI bare wire or 1 core x 2.5 sqmm, PVC insulated (green colour), stranded copper wire laid along route of
main wiring.
6.5 Every alternate column, steel or RCC, of the building containing electrical equipment, shall be connected to main grounding met
with one connection.
6.6 Earthing conductors running along the steel structures shall be welded at interval of 1000mm and running on the walls of the
buildings shall be cleated at interval of 750mm along the route.
6.7 All the connections made to provide earthing to the equipment shall be as short and direct as possible, without any link or joint.
6.8 Neutral connection shall not be permitted to use for the equipment earthing.
6.9 The earthing met conductors, risers, earthing cables, etc. crossing pipelines, conduits, etc. shall be minimum 300mm away from
such equipment. For trench crossing, the conductor shall be laid below trench.
6.10 The earthing met conductors, risers, earthing cables, etc. passing through walls shall be covered with galvanized iron sleeves for
the passage through wall. Water stop sleeves shall also be provided wherever the earthing conductor enters the building from
outside.
6.11 Work of laying earth conductors, installation of earthing stations shall be co-ordinated with the civil contractor to ensure that the
earth met conductors are laid before concreting.
6.12 It is advised to the Bidder that prior to commencing the work, the earth resistance may be measured at site at different points to
satisfy actual requirement of the system.
6.13 Minimum distance of 2 mtr shall be maintained between other electric conductor, earthing conductor and the conductor laid for the
lightning protection system. Earthign and lightning protection system conductors shall be bonded to each other to prevent side
flashover in case of non-availability of adequate clearance.
6.14 All hardware to be used in the system shall be zinc passivated/cadmium plated.

ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD. REV


203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA - 390005
TEL : 2333250, 2353834, 3057527, 3057528 FAX: 0265 - 2313387
Page 2 of 10
ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD.
203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA - 390005
TEL : 2333250, 2353834, 3057527, 3057528 FAX: 0265 - 2313387 DATE

CLIENT : LAVASA CORPORATION LTD., PUNE CHK BY


PROJECT: 2.4 MLD STP APPD

7.0 INSPECTION AND TESTING


7.1 All routine tests conforming to relevant Indian/IEC standard shall be carried out by the Bidder at the site after installation of
complete earthing system at his expense. The testing shall be witnessed by an inspector of the Purchaser or of an agency
authorised by the Purchaser. Prior notice of minimum 1 weeks shall be given to the inspector for witnessing the tests.
7.2 Acceptance/Routine tests shall be as follows:
7.2.1 Earth continuity test
7.2.2 Earth resistance measurements, separately for each earthing station, earthing met and total system
7.3 Earth resistance of system shall not be more than 1.0 ohm.
7.4 Earth resistance of system shall not be more than 1.0 ohm. In case of more earth resistance, the Bidder shall have to carry out
necessary modification in the system without any cost implication to the Purchaser.
7.5 All required instruments for testing shall have to be arranged by the Bidder.

8.0 ATTACHMENTS
8.1 The following attachments shall become part of this Specification.
i. Annexure – I Schedule of Quantity of Earthing System Material
ii. Annexure – II Makes of components
iii. Drawings Earthing station, Earth bus

Page 3 of 10
ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD. REV
203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA - 390005
TEL : 2333250, 2353834, 3057527, 3057528 FAX: 0265 - 2313387 DATE

CLIENT : LAVASA CORPORATION LTD., PUNE CHK BY


PROJECT: 2.4 MLD STP APPD

Page 4 of 10
Page 1of1

Annexure # I

Schedule of Quantity of Earthing System Material

Sr Equipment Name Quantity

1 Pipe type Earthing Stations - complete with 20 sets


3500mm long x 100mm dia GI pipe with pointed one end
and cress-cross perforation with 3-4 mm dia holes up to
length from pointed end as shown

65mm w x 10mm th x 300mm long (approx.) GI flat for


making connection with earthing met conductors

Test links as required with hardware


Necessary GI clamp of same size with hardware sets
GI funnel with wire mesh andcover on top
CI cover with MS frame and hardware
All required civil material for chamber
Good quality charcoal and salt
Watering pipe in brick chember
2 Earth bus made from 65mm x 10mm th x 500mm long 25 sets
GI flat, complete with bends, holes, as shown in drawing

3 Earthing/Grounding met conductors made from 65mm x 470 mtr


10mm th GI flat, complete with holes, etc.

4 All required hardware of assorted sizes comprising of Sets in required


zinc passivated/cadmium plated bolts, nuts, washers, numbers
spring washers, etc.

5 25mm w x 3mm th GI flat, 8 SWG GI bare wire, 14 SWG in required


GI bare wire, Bituminous compound, etc. quantity
Page: 1of1
Annexure # II

Technical Data Sheets for Earthing System

1.0 EQUIPMENT DETAILS


System details Complete Earthign System Codes & Standards Refer to Technical
for STP Plant Specification

2.0 DESIGN BASIS


2.1 Site conditions
Location Dasve, Near Pune, Site altitude At height of 760 mtr from
Maharashtra state MSL
Ambient temperature Relative humidity
Maximum 36 0 C Maximum 95%
Minimum 20 C
0
Minimum 40%
Design 50 0 C Ave. over a month 65%
Seismic factor Zone III as per IS:1893 Rainfall ave./year 1000 mm
Environmental Tropical/humid/laden with Location of System Indoor/outdoor
conditions corrosive chemical vapours
and gases
2.2 Electrical system data
2.2.1 LV supply
Permissible variation in parameters Wiring 3 phase, 4 wire
Voltage 230 volt ± 10% System earthing Solidly earthed/ Resistance
earthed
Frequency 50 Hz ± 3%
Combined voltage & ± 6% System design fault level 50 kA for 1 sec.
frequency variation (Symmetrical)
3.0 CONSTRUCTION FEATURES
3.1 Earthing station
Type Pipe type Accessories for earthing station
Material Galvanized iron CI cover hinged to MS frame
Dimensions 3500mm long x 100mm dia GI funnel with wire mesh and top cover
GI pipe
Connection plate GI 65mm w x 10mm th x 300mm long,
Specific requirement perforation as per drawing along with clamp
Brick chember As per specifications Charcoal and salt in required quantities
3.2 Earth bus
Fabricated from 65mm w x 10mm th x 500mm long GI flat as per drawing
3.3 Earthing met conductor
Fabricated from 65mm w x 10mm th length as specified in Annexure - I
3.4 Hardware
All cadmium plated/zinc passivated
3.5 Testing
Earth resistance desired for system as whole : less than 1.0 ohm
500 C.I. COVER
HINGED TO C.I. FRAME
100
GL GL

GI FUNNEL WITH WIRE


250 150 150 MESH & COVER ON TOP
SEE DETAIL - A

150 400 BRICK CHAMBER WORK


1250
20

250 250

100Φ x 6 mm th NOMINAL GI PIPE


EARTH ELECTRODE

3500
150

75
2250
150 (TYP)

ALTERNATE LAYER OF
CHAR COAL & SALT

3-4 mm dia HOLES (TYP)

65X10 GI STRIP AFTER FIXING, SURFACE TO BE


75 PAINTED WITH BITUMEN

M12 HARDWARE

35Φ HOLE FOR 65x10


GI FLAT TERMINATION
GI PIPE 65X10 GI CLAMP
DETAIL - A MADE FROM STRIP
NOTE:
1 ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
2 ALL HARDWARE SHALL BE ZINC PASSIVATED/CADMIUM PLATED ONLY.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION STANDARDS - PIPE TYPE EARTHING STATION

ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD.

203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA


REV
-5
DATE
TELCORPORATION
CLIENT : LAVASA : 2333250, 3057527 FAX:
LTD., 0265 - 2313387
PUNE
CHK BY
PROJECT: 2.4 MLD STP APPD
15Φ HOLES (TYP) FOR
10Φ HOLES (TYP) 12Φ BOLTS (TYP)

50 300 50

10

55

10
CABLE LUG ELEVATION

8SWG BARE GI WIRE OR 12Φ HOLES (TYP) FOR


25X3 GI FLAT TERMINATION 10Φ BOLTS (TYP)
FOR FIXING ON WALL/STRUCTURE

WALL / STRUCTURE

50

35 35 35 30 30 35 35 35

PLAN
EARTH CONDUCTOR TERMINATION
65 X 10 X 500 long GI FLAT GROUND BUS
WITH BENDS AS SHOWN

NOTE:
1 ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MM UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
2 GI FLAT SHALL BE 65 X 10 MM AND LENGTH WITH FIXING ARRANGEMENT AS SHOWN.
3 DIMENSIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT SIZE HOLES FOR BOLTS ARE APPROXIMATE, WHICH
MAY BE DECIDED AS PER SITE REQUIREMENT.
4 NOS. OF HOLES SHOWN ARE TENTATIVE, TO BE DECIDED AT SITE.
5 ALL HARDWARE SHALL BE ZINC PASSIVATED/CADMIUM PLATED ONLY.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION - GROUND BUS

ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS LTD.

203, CONCORDE, R.C. DUTT ROAD, ALKAPURI, BARODA


REV
-5
DATE
TELCORPORATION
CLIENT : LAVASA : 2333250, 3057527 FAX:
LTD., 0265 - 2313387
PUNE
CHK BY
PROJECT: 2.4 MLD STP APPD