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Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Reading Question 2.1:

The purpose of the equipment and conditions used in a process is to convert the starting materials
into the desired products.

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Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Reading Question 2.2:

A continuous process operates without interruptions in the flows and reactions of the process. In
contrast, a batch process consists of multiple steps which are initiated and concluded in
sequence, one batch at a time.

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Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Reading Question 2.3:

A steady-state process is one in which none of the process characteristics change with time. In
other words, the conditions at any point in the process remain the same (constant with respect to
time).
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Reading Question 2.4:

A PFD shows more detail than a block diagram and typically includes a stream table. The PFD
also includes symbols or icons which “look like” the actual equipment as opposed to the
rectangular blocks used in the block diagram.
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Reading Question 2.5:

Test tube Tank


Lab Burner Heat Exchanger
Reaction Vessel Reactor
Distillation Apparatus Distillation Column

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Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Homework Problem 2.1:

a. continuous and non steady-state.


b. batch and non steady-state.
c. continuous and steady-state.
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Homework Problem 2.2:

Dialysate Hot
Concentrate Water

Ultrapure
Filter
Distilled Heater
Water
Warm
Dialysate
Impurities

Filter
Heparin Hemodialyzer
Return to
From Cleansed Patient
Patient Impure Blood
Blood Drain
Particulates
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Homework Problem 2.3:


Oil Water Diesel Water
Heater Reactor Washer Filter Heater Evaporator
Water
Crude Washed (wet) Water vapor
Coconut Oil Biodiesel
Biodiesel

Dry diesel
Fuel
Water Fuel
Water and
Mixer residuals
Glycerol
NaOH
Methanol

Methanol
Coconuts Condenser Cold
Water
Condensed
Methanol Methanol vapor
Glycerol
Heater
Methanol Evaporator

Purified Solidifier
Glycerol
Fuel NaCl Solution
Coconut Milk Soap
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Homework Problem 2.4:


a. Block diagram

Steam Steam

Propane Reforming CO CO2 Purified


Desulfurizer Methanator
Storage Furnace Converter Absorber Hydrogen

b. Process flow diagram

Amine
Solution
In
Steam Steam
Steam Water
Amine
Solution
Out
Propane Desulfurizer Fuel CO CO2
Storage Reforming Converter Absorber
Tank Furnace

Water
Purified
Hydrogen
to Storage
Methanator
Chapter 2 – Answer Key, Introduction to Chemical Engineering: Tools for Today and Tomorrow

Homework Problem 2.5:


a. fluid mechanics to bring the steam to the bones and flow the grease away
heat transfer from the steam to the grease to cause it to flow

b. reaction engineering as the acid reacts with the solid material of the bones
fluid mechanics as the acid stream carries away the minerals
(mass transfer as the released minerals find their way into the acid stream)

c. heat transfer as the steam heats the compartment


mass transfer as the water is removed from the gelatin

Fluid mechanics are also an important part of the entire operation because fluid flows
from one unit to another unit in pipes.

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