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As we learned in the previous chapters, we can find any piece of data we need from
a map in ArcGIS by searching in a layer�s attribute table. In this chapter we went
deeper into searching for data, we created spatial relationships between features
which enabled us to find the perfect spot for a food store.
The spatial relationships used in ArcMap creates unlimited amount of options of
search that can be applied in any field that crosses your mind.
In this chapter specifically, we used location queries to select features by
location. We chose two layers and specified a spatial relationship, features in the
first layer are spatially compared to features in the second layer and selected if
they satisfy the relationship.

Types of spatial relationship used in Ch10 exercises:

1. Distance:
We choose the distance value and measurement units we want to apply. The distance
is then applied as a buffer or a radius from the specified feature. Features then
will be selected if any part of it was within the distance.
In our exercise we selected the neighborhoods within the distance of 0.5 mile from
the freeways.
2. Containment:
We choose the target layer(s) features containing the source layer feature. ArcMap
then will examine the selected source layer features to see which ones contain the
target features. Those that do will remain selected; those that don�t will be
In our exercise we selected the neighborhoods containing a shopping center in them.

After the distance and containment restrains; 6 neighborhoods met our criteria.

* Note: It�s important to select �select from the currently selected features in�
in the Select By Location dialog box in every step other than the first one, so we
can refine our choice of restrains. *

Location and attribute queries can be used together to solve a problem.

In exercise 10b we wanted to continue our search for the perfect location of a food
store. The neighborhood layer has no demographic information, but the Census Tracts
layer does, we used the data in the Census Tracts layer attribute table to find the
most affluent neighborhood.
And then we created a location query to select the neighborhoods that substantially
overlap theses census tracts.

- ArcMap can select features by location, when choosing two layers and defining a
spatial relationship between them.
- Location and attribute queries can be used together to solve a problem.