Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 22

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS: 1. Draw sketch of dozer and

IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS:

1. Draw sketch of dozer and explain dozer, dozer blade its purpose and working in detail.

A bulldozer is a crawler (continuous tracked tractor) used to push soil, sand or rubble, during construction work relatively short distances.

Typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.

In other words, Bulldozers are tractors equipped with a pusher blade, which can be raised or lowered by hydraulic control and is used for digging and pushing.

The bulldozer's primary tools are the blade and the ripper.

bulldozer's primary tools are the blade and the ripper. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
bulldozer's primary tools are the blade and the ripper. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
bulldozer's primary tools are the blade and the ripper. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  DOZER BLADE  The blade is a

DOZER BLADE

The blade is a massive structure that has a rectangular base and back.

The leading edge of the base is a flat blade or knife of hard steel

which projects ahead of and below the rest of the blade.

The front of the blade is called the moldboard and is concave and sloped back.

is called the moldboard and is concave and sloped back.  As this blade is pushed

As this blade is pushed into the ground, the knife cuts and breaks up the dirt, which is then pushed up the curve of the moldboard until it falls forward.

Push arms should be attached to the blade near its outside edges, as the greatest strains normally occur at the corners

Push arms are heavy, hollow beams extending from a hinged connection with the tractor to the bottom of the blade.

connection with the tractor to the bottom of the blade. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
connection with the tractor to the bottom of the blade. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  Pitch Arms (Pitch Braces) are diagonal members

Pitch Arms (Pitch Braces) are diagonal members between the push arms and the blade top.

They brace the blade against loads above the line of the push arms, and may provide means for regulating its pitch and tilt.

Lengthening both pitch arms will tip the blade forward, shortening them will bring it back.

Tipping forward will increase the suck of the edge and improve penetration in hard soils.

TYPES OF BLADES

S BLADE (Straight blade)

U BLADE (Universal blade)

‘SU’ – BLADE (Semi-Universal blade)

SPECIAL BLADES

o

A BLADE (Angle blade)

o

L BLADE ( Land Fill blade)

o

C BLADE ( Cleaning blade)

o

V BLADE (Vegetations Blade)

S - BLADE

Smaller than U blades but easy to maneuver.

Move heavy materials more efficiently.

Almost have no curvature on their length and are mounted in a fixed position.

Designed for short and medium distance passes, such as backfilling, grading, and spreading fill material.

such as backfilling, grading, and spreading fill material. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
such as backfilling, grading, and spreading fill material. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  U -BLADE  Moves large amount of

U -BLADE

Moves large amount of materials over long distances.

Used for stock pile, land reclamation etc.

The long-dimension outside edges is angled forward at 25 o .

This design avoids spoilage of loose material.

Functions well in rough pioneering on side hills, and are ideal for handling coal, garbage, and other loose materials.

SEMI UNIVERSAL BLADE

An "S-U" combination blade which is shorter has less curvature, and smaller side wings. This blade is typically used for pushing piles of large rocks, such as at a quarry

ANGLE BLADE

It is superior to the straight blade in light trench backfilling and some other jobs.

Can be angled up to 25 o left or right.

It cannot be pitched and effective in side-casting material.

Wider by 1-2feet than S-blade.

LAND FILL BLADE

Specially designed to handle loose materials.

The guard/screen mounted on top of the blade offers good visibility and protects radiator.

The curved moldboard imparts rolling motion to the materials pushed forward

imparts rolling motion to the materials pushed forward SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
imparts rolling motion to the materials pushed forward SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  SPECIAL PURPOSE BLADE  C- BLADE: The

SPECIAL PURPOSE BLADE

C- BLADE: The blade is chosen when land clearing operations are primary important.

V-BLADE: This is used to shear trees, stumps and bushes at ground level.

The two cutting edges form a sharp V. The vegetation can be cut and pushed to the side at a constant level.

2. Explain Forklift operation techniques with its use.

A forklift is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.

Forklift is also called lift truck, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck.

GENERAL OPERATIONS :

Forklifts are rated for loads at a specified maximum weight and a specified forward center of gravity.

This information is located on a nameplate provided by the manufacturer, and loads must not exceed these specifications.

and loads must not exceed these specifications. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
and loads must not exceed these specifications. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
and loads must not exceed these specifications. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  GENERAL PRACTICES :  Passengers not allowed

GENERAL PRACTICES :

Passengers not allowed

Keep arms/hands inside cab area

Wear you seatbelt at all times

inside cab area  Wear you seatbelt at all times  Picking up load  Approach

Picking up load

Approach the load straight on with the forks in the travel position.

Stop when the fork tips are approx. 1 foot away from the load.

Level forks and drive slowly forward until load is against backrest.

Lift the load high enough to clear what is under it

Look over both shoulders to make sure you are clear and slowly back out one foot .

to make sure you are clear and slowly back out one foot . SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON
to make sure you are clear and slowly back out one foot . SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  Sound horn before backing if can’t clearly

Sound horn before backing if can’t clearly see behind you.

Slowly tilt mast back to stabilize the load.

SETTING DOWN THE LOAD

Drive to location, square up to load area and stop about one

foot away

Level the forks and slowly drive forward

Lower the load

Tilt the forks slightly forward

Forklifts are used to:

transport loads between areas

stack heavy objects

load and unload vehicles.

There are a wide range of forklifts, including pedestrian operated and ride on forklifts.

Forklifts vary in size, ranging from one tonne capacity for general warehouse type work, up to 50 tonne capacity for shipping container work.

3.

How the power shovel is selected? Write the factors which affect the output of a power shovel.

Power shovel is selected based on a) Job Location

b) Type of footing.

For selecting the best size of the shovel, the following factors must be examined:

1)

The cost per cubic meter output

2)

The job/site conditions

per cubic meter output 2) The job/site conditions SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
per cubic meter output 2) The job/site conditions SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY Factors affecting the output:  Class of material

Factors affecting the output:

Class of material

Depth of cut

Angle of swing

Job Conditions

Management conditions

Size of hauling units

Skill of operator

Physical condition of the shovel.

4. Explain wheel loader with its applications.

Wheel loaders are used in the logging and timber industry to move cut logs and stack them in a pile. Instead of a bucket on the front of these devices, the front attachment is replaced with hydraulic grabs which pinch around the wood to secure a stronger

grip. The logs are placed on a truck and transferred to a factory or sawmill. These loaders are also used to unload the trucks when the wood arrives at its destination. These wheel loaders are sometimes called log stackers. Construction

A wheel loader can often be seen outside of construction zones as they are frequently used to clean debris or level the ground of a construction area. These loaders remove dirt, building materials and bricks. When given other attachments, however, the wheel loaders can be used for even more applications like grabbing pipes with a pipe fork, stockpiling materials with a high-dump bucket or handling trash with refuse buckets. The versatility of wheel loaders makes them valuable tools in the construction industry.

makes them valuable tools in the construction industry. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
makes them valuable tools in the construction industry. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  Farming  The farming industry has used

Farming

The farming industry has used wheel loaders for years for various

purposes. A wheel loader can move bales of hay that weigh up to half a ton for feeding horses and cattle. Tractors can move large quantities of manure from a pasture to disposal. Seeds, dirt and grain can be moved quickly and easily from one part of a farm to another. Also, land can be cleared or tilled using special attachments for the planting season.

OPERATIONS DONE BY WHEEL LOADER

1. Loading:- scooping, lifting, turning and dumping

2. Hauling :- moving loose materials over short distances

3. Excavating

4. Clearing:- knock down temporary buildings and clear the debris

5. List the various types of excavators and explain hydraulic

excavator

Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, dipper (or stick), bucket and cab on a rotating platform

known as the "house".

The house sits a top an undercarriage with tracks or wheels.

They are a natural progression from the steam shovels and often mistakenly called power shovels.

All movement and functions of a hydraulic excavator are accomplished through the use of hydraulic fluid, with hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors.

An excavator is a machine that is used for construction sites. It is a heavy duty equipment that can progressively excavate various types of soils . There are different types of excavators used for

of soils . There are different types of excavators used for SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
of soils . There are different types of excavators used for SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY various applications such as landscaping, material handling,

various applications such as landscaping, material handling, construction, demolition and river dredging.

Excavators come in different sizes and shapes depending on their utility. The different types of excavators are:

1.

Crawler excavators

2.

Backhoe

3.

Suction excavator

4.

Dragline excavators

CRAWLERS EXCAVATOR - are also called as compact excavators. Because of their high horsepower, these excavators are used for mining and other heavy duty purposes. Crawler excavator is a heavy duty equipment used to lift up debris and soil using hydraulic power mechanisms. It runs on a chain wheel system. They are the best alternative when it comes to grading or landscaping hilly areas. Their risk of sliding down the hill is minimal because of their versatile framework.

BACK HOE - Among all different types of excavators that are available, backhoe is the most commonly used today. Its effectiveness is widely applicable in areas that may not be specific to excavation only. A backhoe excavator has a bucket that faces the driver. The bucket extracts soil by pulling it towards the driver before lifting. Backhoe excavators are used to excavate soil in mining or construction sites or unload waste in dumpsites. They are small in size as compared to the other excavators but they serve various purposes.

SUCTION EXCAVATORS are also known as vacuum excavators. They come along with a suction pipe that helps carry away loose soil and debris, cuts using sharp teeth at the edge of the pipe. Before the excavation begins, a water jet is used in order to loosen the ground. These types of excavators are used in places that require careful and safe exploration of underground elements.

careful and safe exploration of underground elements. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
careful and safe exploration of underground elements. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY DRAGLINE EXCAVATOR is a heavy duty equipment that

DRAGLINE EXCAVATOR is a heavy duty equipment that is slightly different and much bigger in size. These types of excavators are used in large scale applications. Dragline excavators can be further divided into standard mobile draglines and on-site draglines. On-site draglines are large size excavators that are assembled and built on site, while the standard ones are bigger than the back hoe excavators but smaller than the on-sites. Draglines are too heavy and can damage the roads so are transported in parts and assembled on site.

HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR

A hydraulic excavator (digger) is a large vehicle that is designed for excavation and demolition purposes. Hydraulic excavators consist of a chassis, boom, and bucket, and move via tracks or wheels. They range in size and function, an example of which is the similar but smaller “mini excavator.” All versions are generally designed for the same purposes. Hydraulic excavators weigh between 3,000 and 2 million pounds and their speed ranges between 19 HP and 4,500 HP.

How Does A Hydraulic Excavator Work? Hydraulic excavators are entirely dependent on hydraulic systems. The hydraulic excavator’s base/undercarriage consists of a track or wheeled platform and provides transportation for the vehicle while supporting the chassis. The chassis allows the driver to control the hydraulic excavator by using levers to drive the vehicle, raising the boom up and down, and controlling the bucket. Because the chassis is built on top of the undercarriage, it is able to rotate 360 degrees. The boom and bucket are attached to the chassis, work in conjunction to move materials, but are controlled independently.

Applications Hydraulic excavators are used for a wide variety of applications, the most notable being excavation. They are also capable of being used for demolition purposes, however, as even the smallest models are more than capable of demolishing buildings. Hydraulic excavators are also commonly used for moving large amounts of materials, such as minerals, from one area to another. Hydraulic excavators are usually used in conjunction with bulldozers and loaders for construction purposes.

Advantages Hydraulic excavators have many advantages that allow them to be used in

have many advantages that allow them to be used in SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
have many advantages that allow them to be used in SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY the ways that they are. For example, they

the ways that they are. For example, they are small enough to work on specific tasks within a project area and can usually be transported from one project to another by either being towed or stored on a large truck. Hydraulic excavators can also take advantage of many different attachments: a mallet for demolition purposes, a blade for scraping, or a grapple for picking up objects. Hydraulic excavators are also widely available and can be purchased new or used. Disadvantages Hydraulic excavators have few disadvantages, most of which are expected in such a vehicle. For example, hydraulic excavators are heavy and cannot simply be driven across large distances or on non-reinforced roads. Likewise, they generally use large amounts of fuel and can be a very expensive investment, the latter being countered by the fact that they can remain operable for decades. Additionally, hydraulic excavators can be difficult to repair due to their large size and many moving parts.

to repair due to their large size and many moving parts. 6. Explain comparison of Wheel

6. Explain comparison of Wheel loader and Shovel

(REFER PPT)

7.

List and explain the layout, transmission unit and various implements used with tractor.

unit and various implements used with tractor . SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
unit and various implements used with tractor . SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  Tractor is a self – propelled power

Tractor is a self propelled power unit having wheels or tracks for operating agricultural implements and machines including trailers.

Tractor engine is used as a prime mover for active tools and stationary farm machinery through power take-off shaft (PTO) or belt pulley.

machinery through power take-off shaft (PTO) or belt pulley. 1. Clutch – the device that connects

1. Clutch the device that connects or disconnects two torque transmitting devices.

2. Transmission a device for transmitting power at a multiplicity of speed and torque

3. P.T.O drive the parts that transmit torque from the engine to the PTO spline on the rear of the tractor.

the engine to the PTO spline on the rear of the tractor. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
the engine to the PTO spline on the rear of the tractor. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY 4. Differential – the device, usually in the

4. Differential the device, usually in the axle housing, that allows the two wheels on an axle to rotate at different speeds.

5. Brake the device, usually in the axle housing, that stops the motion of the tractor.

6. Axle-

the

shaft

and

connecting

parts

that

transmits

torque

from

the

differential or final gear reduction, to the wheels.

o

the differential or final gear reduction, to the wheels. o  A power transmission system for

A power transmission system for a tractor has two functions:

To disconnect the engine from the road wheels when desired.

To transmit the torque in a smooth manner without shocks and jerks.

To reduce the engine speed as desired based on tyre size and forward speed required.

To change engine torque and speed required by the wheel for different task required for a tractor.

by the wheel for different task required for a tractor. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
by the wheel for different task required for a tractor. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  To provide for auxillary power outlet in

To provide for auxillary power outlet in the form of power the implements and also for stationary machinery. Mathematically : Te Ne (eff) = Tw Nw = constant

Where Te = torque of the engine

Ne = rpm of the engine

Tw = torque at drive wheels

Nw = rpm of drive wheels

Eff = efficiency of the power transmission system

VARIOUS IMPLEMENTS USED IN TRACTORS

TILLAGE - It is the mechanical manipulation of soil to provide favorable condition for crop production.

It breaks the compact surface of earth to certain depth and loosens the soil mass so that roots of the crop penetrate and spread into the soil.

Soil Crust: After sowing, if its rains, the top layer of soil becomes so hard that seed is unable to germinate. This strong or hard soil is called as soil crust. OBJECTIVES OF TILLAGE

To obtain deep seed bed, suitable for different type of crops.

To control weeds or to remove unwanted crop plants.

To manage plants residues and fertility of soil

To incorporate and mix fertilizers, pesticides or soil amendments into the soil. CLASSIFICATION OF TILLAGE

Primary Tillage

Secondary Tillage PRIMARY TILLAGE:

The operation performed to open up any cultivable land with a view to prepare a seedbed for growing crops

land with a view to prepare a seedbed for growing crops SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
land with a view to prepare a seedbed for growing crops SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  Various equipments used for primary tillage are

Various equipments used for primary tillage are mould board plough, disc plough, heavy-duty harrow, chisel plough, rotavator.

SECONDARY TILLAGE:

They are the lighter and finer operations performed on the soil after primary tillage

These operations are generally performed on surface soil Implements are disc/other harrows, cultivators, sweeps, tillers MOULD BOARD PLOUGH

Mould board plough is one of the oldest of all agricultural implements

It consumes more traction energy than other operation

It cuts loose the furrow slice, inverts the furrow slice more or less in pulverized form

It is used for covering grass into soil immediately after rains

TYPES OF MOULD BOARD PLOWS

Trailed

Semi-Mounted

Mounted

1. Trailed:

pull type and it is complete unit in itself

supported on two wheels. The complete unit is hitched by the

drawbar of the tractor.

2) Semi- Mounted:

It

is

also

known as

of the tractor. 2) Semi- Mounted: It is also known as SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
of the tractor. 2) Semi- Mounted: It is also known as SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  These are more compact and more maneuverable

These are more compact and more maneuverable than pull type.

Sizes and numbers of bottoms are same as that of pull type.

They are less expensive and these put more vertical load on tractor rear wheels.

MOUNTED MOULD BOARD PLOUGH:

 

They are called as direct mounted, tractor mounted or tractor carried plows.

These

plows

use

tractors

lift

linkages

which

are

controlled

hydraulically.

 

It is available in 2-5 bottoms depending upon the capacity of tractor.

8.

Write the difference between crawler & wheel tractor (REFER PPT)

 

9.

Explain power take off unit of tractor.

 

Power Take-Offs (PTOs) are mechanical gearboxes that attach to apertures provided on truck transmissions and are used to transfer the power of the vehicle engine to auxiliary components, most commonly a hydraulic pump.

The hydraulic flow generated by the pump is then directed to

cylinders and/or hydraulic motors to perform work.

The transmission’s PTO aperture may be of the six-bolt, eight- bolt, or ten-bolt type, referring to the number of fasteners used to attach the PTO to the transmission.

of fasteners used to attach the PTO to the transmission. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
of fasteners used to attach the PTO to the transmission. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY  The six and eight-bolt openings are S.A.E.
 The six and eight-bolt openings are S.A.E. standard sizes. The ten-bolt opening is exclusive
The six and eight-bolt openings are S.A.E. standard sizes. The
ten-bolt opening is exclusive to automatic transmissions
manufactured by Allison and Caterpillar.
The PTO apertures of foreign transmissions, or U.S.–made
transmissions with metric bolts, are referred to as “non-standard”
openings.
THE POWER TAKE-OFF INPUT GEARS
Power Take-Off input gears are designed to mesh with the
transmission’s PTO drive gear and transmit power to the PTO
output shaft.
Muncie works closely with truck transmission manufacturers to
insure that the PTO gear matches the mounting depth, pitch,
pressure angle, and helix angle of the transmission gear.
pressure angle, and helix angle of the transmission gear. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
pressure angle, and helix angle of the transmission gear. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY PTO INFO  PTO operates by turning at

PTO INFO

PTO operates by turning at speeds of 9-16 rotations per seconds.

This speeds and the device makes the PTO very dangerous.

A PTO guarding system includes:

A master shield

Connection end shield

Drive line shield

Implement input

connection shield. PTO SAFETY PRACTICES

Keep PTO system shielded and guarded.

Regularly test driveline guards by spinning or rotating them to ensure they have not become stuck to the shaft.

Disengage the PTO and shutoff the tractor before dismounting to clean, repair, service, or adjust machinery.

Walk around the machinery instead of steeping over the shaft.

10. Explain stability, design and control system of crane

STABILITY OF CRANE

In the crane field, the fulcrum of the balance beam is replaced by the term “Tipping Axis” and we call the center of gravity the “CG”. The equation above illustrates how a crane is similar to a balance beam. However, when working with cranes, and one side of the equation equals the other side of the equation, the crane is considered to be in a balanced condition and tipping is ready to occur at any moment.

It would be unsafe to operate a crane where the load’s leverage was equal to the crane’s leverage, so “Reserve” stability is built into crane stability load ratings. Reserve stability can be best illustrated by looking at a crane that has hoisted its maximum safe working load in the area of stability.

its maximum safe working load in the area of stability. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
its maximum safe working load in the area of stability. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY this example, we can use a typical hydraulic
VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY this example, we can use a typical hydraulic

this

example, we can use a typical hydraulic truck crane, which is based on a maximum rating of 85% of its tipping load. When the crane hoists its maximum load, the outriggers closest to the load support 85% of the crane and load weight. The crane can remain stable, because there is a reserve of 15% of crane’s leverage positioned on the outriggers farthest from the load. A mistake made by many is that a crane can lift more load than is indicated on the load chart. This is absolutely incorrect and the capacities in the load chart should never be exceeded. The example below shows a crane that is overloaded or the load’s leverage is greater than the crane’s leverage. If the weight you attempt to lift is too great, the crane will tip or turnover in the direction of the load.

For

will tip or turnover in the direction of the load.  For SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
will tip or turnover in the direction of the load.  For SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY DESIGN FEATURE OF CRANE  A Wide range
VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY DESIGN FEATURE OF CRANE  A Wide range

DESIGN FEATURE OF CRANE

A Wide range of different types of crane can be used on construction projects as a means for lifting and moving materials and other building elements from place to place. Cranes can range from a simple rope pulley to a tower crane fixed to the top of a skyscraper The choice of crane for a particular site will depend a number of different factors, including

The type of loads that need to be lifted

The height and horizontal distances that need to be covered

The radius of the swing

The time period of the lifting operations

The utilization factor (the ratio of time spent in use compared to the total time it could be in use)

The degree of mobility required.

it could be in use)  The degree of mobility required. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
it could be in use)  The degree of mobility required. SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM

SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES (2180211) IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY

VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM
VEHICLES (2180211) – IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWER KEY SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES_2180211_M.NELSON PREM