Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

# UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN

## Faculty : Faculty of Engineering & Science Course : UEMK3223 Particle

Technology
Course : BEng (Hons) Chemical Engineering Time : 5 pm to 6.30 pm
Year : Year 2&3 Date : 13 November 2018

Midterm Test

## Name : Year / Trimester :

Student ID :

Instructions to Candidates :

Formula and useful data are given for your references in Appendix.
Total mark is 75 marks.

Question 1 /45

Question 2 /30

1
UEMK 3223 Particle Technology
Q1. (a) A particle of 2 mm in diameter and density of 2500 kg/m3 is settling in a stagnant
fluid in the Stokes’ flow regime. Determine the following:

(i) the viscosity of the fluid if the fluid density is 1000 kg/m3 and the particle
falls at a terminal velocity of 4 mm/s. (3 marks)

## (v) the apparent weight of the particle (2 marks)

(b) 1.1 g of a powder of particle density 1800 kg/m3 are charged into the cell of an
apparatus for measurement of particle size and specific surface area by
permeametry. The cylindrical cell has a diameter of 1.2 cm and the powder forms
a bed of depth 1 cm. Dry air of density 1.2 kg/m3 and viscosity 18.4 ×10-6 Pa.s
flows at a rate of 25 cm3/min through the powder (in a direction parallel to the
axis of the cylindrical cell) and producing a pressure difference of 160 mm of
water across the bed. Assume that the pressure drop-flow relationship for this
packed bed of powder is described by the Carman-Kozeny equation.

(i) Determine the surface-volume mean diameter and the specific surface of
the powder sample. (11 marks)

## (ii) Justify whether the assumption of Carman-Kozeny equation is correct.

(2 marks)

(c) In the settling of a rigid spherical particle falling under gravity through a fluid,
show that in the Stokes’ law region the terminal velocity is: (8
marks)

2
UEMK 3223 Particle Technology
Q1. (Continued)

## (d) A height–time curve for the sedimentation of a suspension in a cylindrical vessel

is
shown in Figure 1. The initial concentration of the suspension for this test is 0.12
m3/m3.

(i) the velocity of the interface between clear liquid and a suspension of
concentration, 0.12 m3/m3. (2 marks)

(ii) the velocity of the interface between clear liquid and a suspension of
concentration, 0.2 m3/m3. (4 marks)

## (iii) the velocity at which a layer of concentration, 0.2 m3/m3 propagates

upwards from the base of the vessel. (2 marks)

## (iv) the concentration of the final sediment. (2 marks)

(v) the velocity at which the sediment propagates upwards from the base.
(2 marks)

## Figure 1: Height–time curve obtained in batch settling test.

3
UEMK 3223 Particle Technology
Q2 (a) A mud slurry is draining from the bottom of a large tank through a 1 m long
vertical
pipe with a 1 cm inside diameter. The open end of the pipe is 4 m below the level
in the tank. The mud behaves as a Bingham plastic with a yield stress of 10 N/m2,
an apparent viscosity of 0.04 kg/(m.s), and a density of 1500 kg/m3. Determine
the velocity of the mud slurry drain from the hose. (14
marks)

## (i) Discuss ONE (1) method to create each type of “dispersed” or

“aggregated” colloidal particles. [Hint: relate the methods to the surface
forces between the particles]
(6 marks)

## (ii) Discuss the differences in the behaviour of colloidal particles in “dispersed”

and “aggregated” form (including but not limited to rheological behaviour,
settling rate, sediment bed properties). (10
marks)

_______________________________________

4
UEMK 3223 Particle Technology
APPENDIX: FORMULA SHEET

Carmen-Kozeny equation

Drag coefficient

## Newton’s law: CD ~ 0.44

Single particle Reynolds number

Reynolds number

## Richardson and Zaki relationship For Rep ≤ 0.3; n = 4.65

For Rep ≥ 500; n = 2.4

Terminal velocity

## Mass of particles in bed

Concentration

Drag force
Modified Bernoulli equation