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MARKING
SCHEME

SUBJECT : CHEMISTRY

MARKS
SL NO KEY ANSWERS
ALLOTED

1 XY 1

2
½
1
will undergo SN reaction faster because it is tert alkyl
halide
3 H3C-CΞC-HC=CH-COOH 1

4 N-Methyl Aniline 1
5 Because vitamin C is water soluble & is readily excreted through urine 1
Quantity of electricity passed ½
=IXt
=5 X 20 X 60 ½
=6000
2+ -
The electrode reaction is Ni + 2e Ni
6 2 X 96500 C deposit Ni = 58.7g 1
=>6000 C will deposit Ni=
= 1.825g
OR
2- -
Anode : Pb(s) + SO4 (aq) PbSO4(s) + 2e 1
2- + -
Cathode: PbO2(s) + SO4 (aq)+4H (aq) + 2e PbSO4(S) + 2H2O(l) 1

2NH3 N2 + 3H2
Rate = -1/2 = =1/3 =k ½
7 For zero order reaction, Rate=K=2.5X10 molL S
-4 -1 -1 ½
-4 -1 -1 ½
Rate of production of N2=d[N2]/dt=2.5 X10 mol l S
-4 -4 -1 -1
½
Rate of production of H2=d[H2]/dt=3 X 2.5 X 10 =7.5 X 10 mol l s

1
1. 4H3PO3 PH3 + 3H3PO4
8 1
2. P4 + 3NaOH + 3H2O PH3 + 3NaH2PO2

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1.
Form
ation
Of
Proto
nated
Alcoh
ol

C
H3

C
H2
-
O
H
+
H
+

C
H3

C
H2
-
O
H2
+

2.
Form
ation
Of
Carbo
cation
+

C
H3-
CH2-
OH2

CH3-
CH2+
H2O
3.
REM
OVAL
OF
1

½
½
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Cell reaction : ½
2+ 2+
Mg + Cu Mg + Cu; n=2
0
ECELL= E CELL - LOG ½

12 ECELL=0.34-(-2.36)- LOG
ECELL = 2.7-0.02955
ECELL = 2.67V
O 0
G =-nFE CELL 1
O
G =-2 x 96500 x 2.7 1
5 -1
=-5.21 x 10 JMOL

2
1. RATE = = K[A][B] 1
Rate Will Be Increase By 9 Times 1
2.
1
3. Rate Will Be Increase By 8 Times
OR
13
1. CORRECT DERIVATION OF INTEGRATED ROLE EQUATION FOR 1st ORDER K= LOG 2
+
2. C12H22O11 H2O H+ C6H12O6 + C6H12O6 1
Or Any Other Suitable Example.

1. Zone refining is based on the principle that the impurities are more soluble
1
in the melt than in the solid state of metal.
2. In this metal is converted into its volatile compound and then decomposed
to give pure metal.
14. 1
3. In electrolytic refining impure metal is made as anode & pure metal is
made as cathode. They are put in a suitable electrolyte of salt of the same
metal. When electric current is passed, impure metal dissolves at anode as
1
metal ions and pure metal is deposited as cathode.

1. Due to small size of N-atom


2. Due to inert pair effect, Bi is more stable in +3 states. Therefore Bi(V) 1
15 gains electron & change to +3 state. 1
3. Due to small size of F atom & more inter-electronic repulsions between 1
valence electrons.
1
1
16 Check the reactions and give marks accordingly. 1

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Correct diagram showing the splitting of d-orbital in octahedral field 1


4 o
17 i. t2g eg 1
3 1
ii. t2g eg 1

i. due to resonance a partial double bond character is developed


1
between C & X or any other suitable reason
18 + 1
ii. because they are highly reactive towards any source of H 1
iii. due to more symmetry of p-dichlorobenzene

i. a. by azo dye test or any other suitable test 1


19 b. by carbylamines test or any other suitable test 1
ii. C6H5N2Cl + H3PO2 + H2O C6H6 1
H
1. a protein when subjected to change in temp or P gets destroyed & ½+½
loses its biological activity eg.hardening of egg on boiling
2. sucrose is dextrorotatory. On hydrolysis, it produces a mixture of D+ 1
glucose & D- fructose which is laevorotatory & is called inversion of
20
sugar.
3. The –CONH- bond formed between two amino acids with loss of water 1
molecule is called peptide linkage.

a. Two correct differences between thermosetting & thermoplastics with


1+1
21 one examples of each
1
b. Buna –s < polythene < nylon 6,6
a. Both antiseptic & disinfectant are chemical substances which kill or
1
resist the growth of microorganisms but antiseptic can be applied
22 in living tissues while disinfectant are harmful to living tissues.
0.2% of phenol acts as antiseptic & 1% of phenol acts as disinfectant
1
b. Because Aspartame decomposes at high temp.
i. To prevene t the passage of particulates in atmosphere
ii. Electrophoresis 1
iii. Coal ash contaminates air & water pollution, environmental 1
23
concern, or any other values. 1
iv. Reducing air & water pollution, environmental concern or 1
any other value.
a.
i. Ideal solution obeys Raoults law over a wide range of
concentration at a particular temp.
ii. Azerotropes are binary mixtures having the same composition
24 in liquid & vapor phase & boil at a constant temp. 1
iii. Vapor pressure: the pressure exerted by the vapors of a liquid at
a state of equilibrium between the liquid & its vapor. 1
b. Molality= (10% glucose means 1o gm of glucose
1
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present in 90 gm of water)
m= = = =0.61m
½+
OR
a. The extra pressure that must be applied on the solution side in order to
prevent osmosis is called osmotic pressure. 1
Mathematically,

p= CRT= RT= = 1

1
b. ΔTf=
-1
MB= =256gmol 1+1

1
a. 1
2- - +
1. Cr2O7 + 6I + 14H 2Cr3+ + 3I2 + 7H2O
- 2+ + 2+ 3+
2. MnO4 + 5Fe + 8H Mn + 5Fe + 4H2O 1
b. The gradual decrease in atomic size of Lanthanoids with increasing
atomic number 1
Reason: due to ineffective shielding of electrons in 4f orbitals
Any two consequences ½+ ½
25 OR
a.
i. Because oxygen is capable of forming π bonds 1
ii. Due to presence of unpaired d-electrons & d-d-transition
1
iii. Due to their variable oxidation states & large surface area
1
b. 2MnO2 + 4KOH + O2 2K2MnO4 + 2H2O
MnO4 2-
+ 4H+ 2MnO4- + 2H2O 1
1

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a.

i. C6H5COCH3 ZN-Hg +HCL C6H5CH2CH3 1

ii. C6H5COOH SOCL C6H5COCl

½+1/2
H2, Pd-BaSO4

C6H5CHO
b.
i. Carboxylate ion is more stable than phenoxide ion as the –ve
charge in carboxylate ion is dispesed on two more electronegative
O-atoms. 1
ii. Due to presence of H-atom in acetaldehyde
iii.Due to more sterric hindrance in 2,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone 1
OR 1
a.

i. 2CH3CHO dil NaOH CH3 –CH(OH)– CH2CHO


1

26 ii.

b. CH3-CH2-CH2-COO-CH2CH2CH2CH3

(C8H16O2) (A)
Dil. H2SO4
1
CH3CH3CH2-COOH(B) + CH3CH2CH2CH2OH(C)

1
CrO
CH3CH2CH2COOH 3CH3CH2CH2CH2OH (C)
1
(B) -H2O

CH3-CH2-CH=CH2

***************************************
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