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Chapter 1


Background of the Study

According to Republic Act 7877, an act declaring Sexual Harassment unlawful

in the employment, education or training environment, and for other purposes. The
act shall be known as the “Anti- Sexual Harassment act of 1995 where the state
shall value the dignity of every individual, enhance the development of its human
resources, guarantee full respect for human rights, and uphold the dignity of
workers, employees, applicants for employment, students or those undergoing
training, instruction or education.
The Civil Service Commission Resolution No. 01-0940, a set of administrative
rules for government employees forms of Sexual Harassment include malicious
touching, overt sexual advances, gestures with lewd insinuation, requests or
demands for sexual favors, and lurid remarks, use of objects, pictures or writing
notes with Sexual underpinnings and other forms analogous to the ones
mentioned. The Sexual Harassment varies by jurisdiction and the legal and social
understanding of Sexual Harassment varies by culture. (Kapunan, 2017).
The Sexual Harassment towards male Students may result to poor academic
and low-stem. Some instances male students engage Sexual Relationship in
exchange of passing grades. The double burden of the male students that
experienced Sexual Harassment inside the school due the fact that some of the
students victimized, resulting in them to be discriminated or bullied to other
School serve as second home of the students and the best places to represents
the instrument which should provide goals, values and academic growth which be
necessary to transform the raw mind of the students to be able to bring them up as
productive law abiding and responsible citizen of the republic through the teachers.
Sexual Harassment simply defines as bullying or coercion of a sexual nature and
unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors and
it includes a range of actions from mild transgressions to sexual abuse or assult.
Vitelli 2014 stated that the recent survey, about one-third of all working men
reported at least one form of Sexual Harassment in the previous year. Of the 7,809
Sexual Harassment charges filed in 2011 with the U. S. Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission (EEOC), 16.1 percent were filed by men. By 2013 this
had risen to 17.6 percent. Despite the serious consequences that can stem from
Sexual Harassment, whether it involves men or women, sexual harassment
against men is often not taken that seriously. There has been extensive research
looking at how Sexual Harassment can affect women, both in terms of the
emotional consequences and reduced job prospects, but fewer studies have
looked at how men are affected.
For long-lasting the existence of reliable cases of Sexual Harassment incidence
is important in developing relevant crime prevention programs and strategies. This
research aims to enhance information and determine the relevant causes of Sexual
Harassment to propagate the abuses or assult towards the male students and
guarantee full respect of human right. Thus, it is imperative to assess first the
Sexual Harassment to the male students in school campus.

Objectives of the problem

In general, this study will be conducted to identify the Sexual Harassment

incidence in Southern Leyte State University- Main Campus.

Specifically, this sought answers to the following research problems:

1. To describe the lived experiences of sexually harassed make students by gay

2. To identify the effect of sexual harassment to the participants lives and
academic performance; and
3. To determine the coping mechanism of the participants after being sexually

Statement of the problem

This study aimed to examine the causes of sexual harassment of male students and to
investigate the consequences and differences in the students who sexually harassed to their
gay instructor. Furthermore this study also concerned to determine the real event that affect
the life of a male student.

Specifically this study answered the following questions:

1. How does sexual harassment affect your life and your academic performance as a
2. Why does sexual harassment violates the moral, ethical standard and human right
of a student?
3. How can you described your experiences on sexual harassment?
4. Why your gay instructors taking advantages on you as a students?
5. What is your reaction after being sexually harassed

Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to prevent the cases of sexually harassment and take
action to those male students person who being sexually harassed on their gay instructor,
and to male students who deprived their right.
-to describe the essence, the nature of experiencing a phenomena.

Significance of the study

This study aims to provide information on sexual Harassment incidence in Southern

Leyte State University Main Campus, Sogod Southern Leyte. It will be useful for the;

Parents- Because they are the one who will give advice and guidance to their children in
terms of doing right and wrong things, discipline to attained good manners and
right conduct. This study will help them to give attention and protection to their
children to develop positive attitudes and behaviors.

Instructor – Because they are the second parents to the students who will give advice and
guidance also that will encourage the students to become a better person through
the knowledge and capabilities in giving direction of life with pleasant

Students- Because it serves as a guide them in order to avoid this consequences that can
affect the life as a students and give knowledge also to prevent this cases that
happened in a certain School and also can damaged the reputation.

Researchers-Because this study will contribute knowledge and information need in their
studies and ideas that assist them as basis in gathering information to a particular
Conceptual Framework of the study

As shown in theoretical framework (figure) this study presents the sexual harassment
incidence in Southern Leyte state University, Sogod Southern Leyte.

The concept for this study is supported by Folgers, Cropanzano, Anderson and Person
the implication of theory that perception of fairness are determined by the comparison of
behavior to a set of moral and ethical standards as mistreatments represent a violation of
moral and social norms concerning how the self and others ought to be treated, case of
gender harassed showing how uncivil or unkind behavior which violate norms for respect
in social interactions.

Social = Cognitive theories

The concepts for this study is also supported by the implication theory of Angela
Dionisi , Julian Barling that cast associated with witnessing the sexual harassment of a male
colleague related to psychological and physical health, negative and positive , job-related
behaviors and attitudes and the mediating roles of discreet negative emotions (anger, fear)
and identity-based evaluations collective, self- Esteem).

After analyzing the lived experiences of sexual harassment of male students on gay
instructors in SLSU-MC Sogod pertaining that the moral/right of the students abuses and
harassed by the victimizer and identify the effect of sexual harassment in academic
performance on the school campus, conducting symposium is the output.

Data analysis

The significant statement of male students who sexually harassed on gay instructor with
regard to their experiences were analyzed using the method reading and reading the

Ethical Considerations

The participant’s names and their other information was secured including any privacy.
The record of our interview and all the information obtained from them were also secured
in a manner ay the participants is protected and their participation to interview with
agreement that their names should be keep and would not be written in any survey
instrument and any information about them should be secured in the consent from them that
it should be protected.

Research Participants

The research participants of this study were(s) Male students who harassed on gay
instructors from different a college level in Southern Leyte University Main Campus Sogod
Southern Leyte. ( the participant is protected and their participation to the interview with
the agreement

Research Design

The study used qualitative research design and utilized phenomenological

approach with the aid of interview guide and voice recorder. Phenomenology
is a research methodology as well as philosophy that explores, seek to
describe the essence, the nature of the lived experiences of people as well as
the structures of meaning. It is a philosophy as well as a methodology used
mainly in the social sciences. Phenomenology produces qualitative data that
mainly explore the subjective meanings and focuses on peoples meaning of
lived experiences of a concept or phenomena.
This study pertakes the nature of social science and lived experiences that
are paramount and object of the study. Researcher looking for the male
students who sexually harassed on gay instructors perceptions, feelings and
emotions that obtained to their personalities. The data comes in an in-depth
individual interview was conducted in order to obtain a better understanding
about the negative lived experiences of sexually harassed male students on
gay instructors and the interventions that they receive from government,
police, family and community. Therefore the study appropriate to a
phenomenological approach.

Research Environment

The study covered all recorded responses in the five participants of

Southern Leyte State University- Main Campus, Sogod Southern Leyte.

Research Instrument

The research instrument used a semi- structured interview guide with

open-ended questions which addressed the specific questions to get essential
information pertaining to the experiences of sexually harassed male students
on gay instructors. As aids the researcher used notes to record the responses
and voice recorder to make accurate basis of the responses of the participants.

Data Collection
A letter of request signed by the director of institute of Criminal Justice and
requesting permission to the participants for the researchers to conduct the
study, when the permission was obtained and already signed the researcher
began to conduct an interview with the participants. Before the interview, the
researcher stated the purpose of conducting research and make sure that the
participants were fully aware of their rights. Informed consents presented to
the sexually harassed male students with regard explanations to the purpose
of the interview. They were informed that during the interview there will be
voice recorder for record and a notes for assured the responses. The voice
recorded interview clustered into common themes for the analysis and
interpretation afterwards.