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Math 1030 Steven Lynch

Name ______________________________
Buying a House

Select a house from a real estate booklet, newspaper, or website. Find something reasonable –
between $100,000 and $350,000. In reality, a trained financial professional can help you
determine what is reasonable for your financial situation. Take a screen shot of the listing for
your chosen house and attach it to this project. Assume that you will pay the asking price for
your house.
$290,000
The listed selling price is ____________.

Assume that you will make a down payment of 20%.


$58,000
The down payment is ____________.
$232,000
The amount of the mortgage is ____________.

Ask at least two lending institutions for the interest rate for both a 15-year and a 30-year fixed
rate mortgage with no “points” or other variations on the interest rate for the loan.
America First
Name of first lending institution: ___________________________.
4.25% 4.875%
Rate for 15-year mortgage: ____________. Rate for 30-year mortgage ____________.
Wells Fargo
Name of second lending institution: ___________________________.
4.375% 4.875%
Rate for 15-year mortgage: ____________. Rate for 30-year mortgage ____________.

Assuming that the rates are the only difference between the different lending institutions, find the
monthly payment at the better interest rate for each type of mortgage.

$2,181.61 $1,534.70
15-year monthly payment: ____________. 30-year monthly payment ____________.

These payments cover only the interest and the principal on the loan. They do not cover the
insurance or taxes.

To organize the information for the amortization of the loan, construct a schedule that keeps
track of: (1) the payment number and/or (2) the month and year (3) the amount of the payment,
(4) the amount of interest paid, (5) the amount of principal paid, and (6) the remaining balance.
There is an MS excel file included on our CANVAS page if you are using a PC or you can also
use any online programs that are available such as the one on Brett Whissle’s website
http://bretwhissel.net/cgi-bin/amortize if you are using a MAC.
It’s not necessary to show all of the payments in the tables below. Only fill in the payments in
the following schedules. Answer the questions after each table.

30-year mortgage

Payment Payment Payment Interest Principal Remaining


Number Date Amount ($) Paid ($) Paid ($) Balance ($)
1. . 11/20/2018 $1534.70 $1,178.13 $356.58 $289,643.42

2. . 12/20/2018 $1534.70 $1,176.68 $358.03 $289,285.39

60. . 10/20/2023 $1534.70 $1,081.76 $452.94 $265,827.65

120. . 10/20/2028 $1534.70 $957.03 $577.68 $234,998.35

240. . 10/20/2038 $1534.70 $595.03 $939.67 $145,530.81

300. . 1/20/2045 $1534.70 $416.07 $1,118.63 $101,299.65

360. . 1/20/2048 $1534.70 $6.21 $1,522.28 $0.00 .


total ------- ---------- $30,493.39 $231999.98 ---------

Use the proper word or phrase to fill in the blanks.

Monthly Payments
The total amount paid is the number of payments times _________________________.

The Loan Amount


The total interest paid is the total amount paid minus ___________________________.

Use the proper number to fill in the blanks and cross out the improper word
in the parentheses.
191
Payment number _____ is the first one in which the principal paid is greater than the
interest paid.

The total amount of interest is $_____________


262,493.39 (more or less) than the mortgage.

88.38
The total amount of interest is _____________% (more or less) than the mortgage.

11.62
The total amount of interest is _____________% of the mortgage.
15-year mortgage

Payment Payment Payment Interest Principal Remaining


Number Date Amount ($) Paid ($) Paid ($) Balance ($)
1. . 11/20/2018 $2,181.61 $1.027.08 $1,154.52 $288,845.48

2. . 12/20/2018 $2,181.61 $1,022.99 $1,158.61 $287,686.86

50. . 12/20/2022 $2,181.61 $808.71 $1,372.90 $226,968.80

90. . 04/20/2026 $2,181.61 $600.16 $1581.45 $167,875.87

120. . 10/20/2028 $2,181.61 $423.21 $1758.40 $117,736.63

150. . 04/20/2031 $2,181.61 $226.46 $1,955.14 $61,987.24

180. . 10/20/2033 $2,181.61 $7.70 $2,166.21 $0.00


total ------- ---------- $12310 $231,999.98 ---------

1
Payment number _____ is the first one in which the principal paid is greater than the interest paid.
102,689.33
The total amount of interest is $_____________ (more or less) than the mortgage.

44.26
The total amount of interest is _____________% (more or less) than the mortgage.

The total amount of interest is 55.74


_____________% of the mortgage.

Notice how the 15-year mortgage reduces the amount of interest paid over the life of the loan.
Now consider again the 30-year mortgage and suppose you paid an additional $100 a month
towards the principal [If you are making extra payments towards the principal, include it in the
monthly payment and leave the number of payments box blank.]

224,271.40
The total amount of interest paid with the $100 monthly extra payment would be $__________.

The total amount of interest paid with the $100 monthly extra payment would be
$___________
94,960.73 (more or less) than the interest paid for the scheduled payments only.

The total amount of interest paid with the $100 monthly extra payment would be
24.43
___________% (more or less) than the interest paid for the scheduled payments only.

25 9
The $100 monthly extra payment would pay off the mortgage in ____ years and ____
months; that’s ______
51 months sooner than paying only the scheduled payments.
Summarize what you have done and learned on this project in a well written and typed paragraph
of at least 100 words (half page). Because this is a math project, you must compute and
compare numbers, both absolute and relative values. Statements such as “a lot more” and “a lot
less” do not have meaning in a Quantitative Reasoning class. Make the necessary computations
and compare

(1) the 15-year mortgage payment to the 30-year mortgage payment

(2) the 15-year mortgage interest to the 30-year mortgage interest

(3) the 15-year mortgage to the 30-year mortgage with an extra payment

Also, keep in mind that the numbers don’t explain everything. Comment on other factors that
must be considered with the numbers when making a mortgage.