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PHY./INO.

CHEMISTRY

TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016

Course : VIJETA (JP) NO. 27 & 28

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (20.07.2015 to 25.07.2015)


DPP No. # 27 (JEE-MAIN)
Total Marks : 60 Max. Time : 40 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.18 (3 marks, 2 min.)[54, 36]
Comprehension ('–1' negative marking) Q.19 to Q.20 (3 marks, 2 min.)[06, 04]

1. The emf of the cell Zn | ZnCl2 (0.05 M) | AgCl(s) | Ag is 1.015 V at 298 K and the temperature coefficient of its
V
emf is – 4.92 × 10–4 . How many of the reaction thermodynamic parameters G, S and H are negative
K
at 298 K?
(A) None of them (B) One of them (C) Two of them (D*) All of them
298 K ij lsy Zn | ZnCl2 (0.05 M) | AgCl(s) | Ag dk emf 1.015 V gS rFkk blds emf dk rkieku xq.kkad
V
– 4.92 × 10–4 gSA 298 K ij fdrus Å"ekxfrdh; vfHkfØ;k izkpky G, S rFkk H ds fy, eku _.kkRed gksxsa \
K
(A) buesa ls dksbZ ugha (B) buesa ls ,d (C) buesa ls nks (D*) mijksDr lHkh
Sol. Zn | ZnCl2 (0.05M) | AgCl(s) | Ag Ecell = 1.015V
 dE cell 
  = –4.92 × 10–4 V
 dT  K
G = –nFEcell = –ve (as Ecell = +ve)
= –2 × 96500 × 1.015
= –195.895 kJ.
 dE cell 
S = nF  
 dT 
= 2 × 96500 × –4.92 × 10–4
= –94.956 J/K.
 G = H – TS.
298
= –198.895 + × (–94.956) = –224.19 KJ.
1000
So, all are negative. blfy, lHkh _.kkRed gSa
2. The following compounds have been arranged in order of their increasing thermal stabilities. Identify the
correct order.
K2CO3 (I) MgCO3 (II) CaCO3 (III) BeCO3 (IV)
(A) I < II < III < IV (B*) IV < II < III < I (C) IV < II < I < III (D) II < IV < III < I
fuEufyf[kr ;kSfxdks dks muds rkih; LFkkf;Ro ds c<+rs gq;s Øe esa O;ofLFkr dhft,\ lgh Øe dks igpkfu;s %
K2CO3 (I) MgCO3 (II) CaCO3 (III) BeCO3 (IV)
(A) I < II < III < IV (B*) IV < II < III < I (C) IV < II < I < III (D) II < IV < III < I

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Sol. The increasing thermal stability is
BeCO3 < MgCO3 < CaCO3 < K2CO3
(IV) (II) (III) (I)
Increasing size of cation decreases its polarization ability towards carbonate, making the compound more
stable.
g y- rkih; LFkkf;Ro dk c<+rk gqvk Øe gS %
BeCO3 < MgCO3 < CaCO3 < K2CO3
(IV) (II) (III) (I)
/kuk;u dk c<+rk gqvk vkdkj bldh dkcksZusV ds çfr /kqzo.k {kerk dks ?kVk nsrk gS] ;kSfxd dks vf/kd LFkk;h cuk nsrk
gSA

3.

Consider the cyclic process ABCDEFGA. The area of the two circles are equal. The net work done during
ABCDEFGA is :
(A) positive
(B) negative
(C*) Zero
(D) work cannot be determined in a cyclic process from S vs T diagram.
pfØ; izØe ABCDEFGA dk voyksdu dhft,A nksuksa o`Ùkksa ds {ks=kQy cjkcj gSa] rc ABCDEFGA ds nkSjku fd;k x;k
dqy dk;Z gS %
(A) /kukRed (B) _.kkRed (C*) 'kwU;
(D) S rFkk T ds e/; vkjs[k ls ,d pfØ; izØe esa dk;Z dks Kkr ugha dj ldrs gSaA
Sol. As can be understood from the question. The area enclosed in the cyclic process in S Vs T diagram is heat.
In ABCDEFGA, one cycle is clockwise while the other is anticlockwise. But both have equal area.
tSlk dh iz'u ls Li"V gksrk gS fd S rFkk T ds e/; vkjs[k esa pfØ; izØe ds vUnj dk {ks=kQy Å"ek gksrh gSA
ABCDEFGA esa ,d pØ nf{k.kkorZ tcfd vU; pØ okekorZ gSA ysfdu nksuksa cjkcj {ks=kQy j[krs gSA
So heat = 0
blfy, Å"ek = 0
 U = 0
W = 0.
4. The condensation of any gas to a liquid is expected to have :
,d nzo esa fdlh xSl dk la?kuu j[krk gS %
(A) H = – ve, S = + ve (B) H = + ve, S = + ve
(C*) H = – ve, S = – ve (D) H = + ve, S = – ve
Sol. For condensation of a gas into liquid,
nzo esa ,d xSl ds la?kuu ds fy,
H = – ve
S = – ve
5. In b c c unit cell packing fraction is :
b c c ,dd dksf"Bdk esa ladqyu n{krk gS %
(A) 26.2% (B) 52.4% (C*) 68% (D) 74%
Sol. In bcc unit cell, unit cell constant (Z) = 2
4 3
2 r
Packing fraction = 3
a3

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where r = radius and a = Edge length of cube
2  4  22( 3a) 3
=
3  7  43 a3

8  22 (3 3 / 2 )
=  = 0.68
21 43
a
because r = 3
4
P.F. = 68%.
Sol. bcc ,dd dksf"Bdk esa] ,dd dksf"Bdk fu;rkad (Z) = 2
4 3
2 r
ladqyu n{krk = 3
a3
tgk¡ r = f=kT;k rFkk a = ?ku dh dksj yEckbZ
2  4  22( 3a) 3
=
3  7  43 a3

8  22 (3 3 / 2 )
=  = 0.68
21 43
a
D;ksafd r = 3
4
P.F. = 68%.
6. Which has maximum freezing point ?
(A*) 6g urea solution in 100 g H2O (B) 6g acetic solution in 100g H2O
(C) 6g sodium chloride in 100 g H2O (D) All have equal freezing point
fuEu esa ls fdldk fgekad fcUnq vf/kdre gS ?
(A*) 100 g H2O esa 6g ;wfj;k foy;u (B) 100 g H2O esa 6g ,flfVd foy;u
(C) 100 g H2O esa 6g lksfM;e DyksjkbM (D) lHkh dk leku fgekad gksrk gSA
Sol. Value of van’t Hoff factor is least for urea solution , so there will be least depression in freezing point i.e.,
maximum freezing point.
okWUV&gkWQ dkjd dk eku ;wfj;k foy;u ds fy, de gksrk gS] blfy, ;gka fgekad esa voueu de gksxh vFkkZr bldk fgekad
fcUnq vfèkdre gksxkA
7. The conductivity of 0.1 N NaOH solution is 0.022 S cm –1. To this solution equal volume of 0.1 N HCl solution
is added which results into decrease of conductivity of solution to 0.0055 S cm–1. The equivalent conductivity
of NaCl solution in S cm 2 equiv–1 is :
0.1 N NaOH foy;u dh pkydrk] 0.022 S cm–1 gSA bl foy;u esa 0.1 N HCl ds leku vk;ru dks feykus ij foy;u
dh pkydrk esa deh gksrh gS rFkk foy;u dh pkydrk 0.0055 S cm–1 gks tkrh gSA NaCl foy;u dh rqY;kad pkydrk]
S cm2 equiv–1 esa gS %
(A) 0.011 (B*) 110 (C) 0.0055 (D) 55.0
0.1 V
Sol. Normality of resulting solution ¼ifj.kkeh foy;u dh ukWeZyrk½ = 2 V = 0.05 N

K  1000 0.0055  1000


eq. = = = 110
10
N 0 .05
8. 100 mL of solutions of A and B (containing the same strong electrolyte) fill a conductivity cell with the
electrodes being exactly half dipped into the solution and the conductances of 0.01 S and 0.005 S were
registered. What would be the conductance if both solution are mixed together and tested upon in the same
conductivity cell ?
(A) 0.0075 S (B*) 0.015 S (C) 0.03 S (D) none of these

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A rFkk B ds 100 mL foy;u dks ¼tks fd leku izcy fo|qr vi?kV~; ;qDr gS½ pkydrk lsy esa Hkjk tkrk gS] bu foy;u
esa bysDVªkWM dks vk/kk Mqcks;k tkrk gS rFkk pkydrk 0.01 S rFkk 0.005 S ekih xbZ gSa rks pkydrk D;k gksxh ;fn nksuksa foy;uksa
dks ,d lkFk fefJr fd;k tk, rFkk budk ijh{k.k leku pkydrk lsy esa fd;k tk, \
(A) 0.0075 S (B*) 0.015 S (C) 0.03 S (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
1
Sol. RA = = 100
0.01
1
RB = = 200
0.005

1 1 1
= R + R
Re q A B
Sep = SA + SB = 0.01 + 0.005 = 0.0155

9. Insulin is dissolved in a suitable solvent and the osmotic pressure () of solutions of various concentrations
(g/cm3) C is measured at 20ºC. The slope of a plot of  against C is found to be 4.65 × 10–3. The molecular
weight of the insuline is :
,d mi;qDr foyk;d esa bUlqfyu dks ?kksyk tkrk gSa o 20° C ij fofHkUu lkUnzrkvksa (g/cm3) ds foy;uksa ds ijklj.k nkc ()
dks ekfir fd;k tkrk gSA C ds fo:)  ds ,d [khpsa x;s vkjs[k dk <+ky 4.65 × 10–3 izkIr gksrk gSA bUlqfyu dk v.kqHkkj
fuEu gS %
(A) 3 × 105 (B) 9 × 105 (C) 4.5 × 105 (D*) 5.16 × 105
W RT  RT
Sol. = × or =
M V C M

RT
 slope¼<+ky½ =
M

0.082  293
or M=
4.65  103  103
 5.16 × 106 g
10. In the following compounds :
(i) O2 (ii) O2[BF4] (iii) KO2
Identify the incorrect statement :
(A) O–O bond length order is ii < i < iii
(B) O–O bond order is iii < i < ii
(C*) O–O bond energy order is ii < iii < i
(D) Unpaired electrons in antibonding molecular orbitals of species of O 2 involved in i, ii and iii are 2 ,1, 1
respectively
fuEu ;kSfxdksa ds fy, %
(i) O2 (ii) O2[BF4] (iii) KO2
xyr dFku igpkfu;s %
(A) O–O ca/k yEckbZ dk Øe ii < i < iii gSA
(B) O–O ca/k Øe dk Øe iii < i < ii gSA
(C*) O–O ca/k ÅtkZ Øe dk Øe ii < iii < i gSA
(D) (i) , (ii) o (iii) esa lEcfU/kr O2 dh Lih'kht ds fy, izfrcU/kh vkf.od d{kkvksa esa v;qXfer bysDVªkWu Øe'k% 2 ,1, 1 gSaA
11. Which of the following statements are correct ?
(1) There is mixing of 2s and 2p orbitals in B2 molecule.
(2) C–C bond length in C2 molecule is bigger than O–O bond length in O2 molecule.
(3) O2– and CN– have same bond order.
(4) O2– undergoes reduction as well as oxidation.
(A) (2) and (4) only (B) (1), (2) and (3) only (C*) (1), (2) and (4) only (D) (1), (2) (3) and (4)

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fuEu dFkuksa esa ls dkSulk lgh gS ?
(1) B2 v.kq esa 2s rFkk 2p d{kdksa dk lfEeJ.k gksrk gSA
(2) C2 v.kq esa C–C ca/k yEckbZ O2 v.kq esa O–O cU/k yEckbZ ls T;knk gksrh gSA
(3) O2– rFkk CN– ds ca/k Øe leku gksrs gSA
(4) O2– dk vip;u ,oa vkWDlhdj.k nksuksa gksrk gSA
(A) dsoy (2) rFkk (4) (B) dsoy (1), (2) rFkk (3) (C*) dsoy (1), (2) rFkk (4) (D) (1), (2) (3) rFkk (4)
10 – 7 10 – 4
Sol. (3) O2– ; bond order ca/k Øe = = 1.5 ; CN– ; bond order ca/k Øe = = 3.
2 2
(C*) O–O ca/k ÅtkZ dk Øe ii < iii < i gSA
(D) ;kSfxdksa esa mifLFkr O2 dh fofHkUu Lih'kht esa izfrca/kh vkf.od d{kdksa esa v;qfXer bysDVªkWuksa dh la[;k i, ii ,oa iii esa Øe'k%
2 ,1, 1 gSA
Species present :
(i) O2 : bond order = 2, Unpaired electrons in antibonding molecular orbitals = 2.
(ii) O2+ : bond order = 2.5, Unpaired electrons in antibonding molecular orbitals = 1.
(iii) O2– : bond order = 1.5, Unpaired electrons in antibonding molecular orbitals = 1.
 O–O bond length order is ii < i < iii
 O–O bond order is iii < i < ii
 O–O bond energy order is iii < i < ii.
mifLFkr Lih'kht :
(i) O2 : ca/k Øe = 2, izfrca/kh vkf.od d{kd esa mifLFkr v;qfXer bysDVªkWu = 2.
(ii) O2+ : ca/k Øe = 2.5, izfrca/kh vkf.od d{kd esa mifLFkr v;qfXer bysDVªkWu = 1.
(iii) O2– : ca/k Øe = 1.5, izfrca/kh vkf.od d{kd esa mifLFkr v;qfXer bysDVªkWu = 1.
 O–O ca/k yEckbZ dk Øe ii < i < iii gSA
 O–O ca/k Øe dk Øe iii < i < ii gSA
 O–O ca/k ÅtkZ dk Øe iii < i < ii gSA

1 1
12. If the mole fraction of a solute is changed from to in the 800 g of solvent then the ratio of molality will be
4 2
:
1 1
;fn foyk;d ds 800 g esa foys; dk eksy izHkkt ls cnydj gks tkrk gS rc eksyyrk dk vuqikr gksxkA
4 2
(A*) 1 : 3 (B) 3 : 1 (C) 4 : 3 (D) 1 : 2
xp  1000
Sol. Use formula (1  x )  m and get answer..
p A

x p  1000
gy . lw=k dk (1  xp )  m A mi;ksx dj mÙkj çkIr djsaA

13. In what ratio by mass should a 15% solution of acetic acid be mixed with a 3% solution of the acid to prepare
a 10% solution(all percentages are mass/mass percentages) :
3% vEy ds foy;u ds lkFk 15% ,flfVd vEy ds foy;u dks fdl Hkkj vuqikr esa fefJr djuk pkfg, fd 10% foy;u
(lHkh izfr'kr nzO;eku@nzO;eku izfr'kr esa gSa) cu ldsA
(A) 7 : 3 (B) 5 : 7 (C*) 7 : 5 (D) 7 : 10
Sol. Let M1 (mass) of 15% solution and M 2 (mass) of 3%.
Resultant = 10% solution.
10(M1 + M2) = 15 × M1 + 3 × M2.
5M1 = 7M2.
M1 7
M2 = 5 .

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14.

2H+ + Zn Zn2+ + H2(g)


If at equilibrium of this solution, inert gas is passed to maintain constant pressure then which statement is
correct
lkE; ij ;fn bl foy;u esa nkc fu;r j[krs gq, vfØ; xSl izokfgr dh tkrh gS rc fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lgh gS
(A) Sum of Concentration of Zn2+ and H+ will remain same.
(B*) Concentration of Zn+2 will increase but less faster then decrease in concentration of [H+].
(C) Partial pressure of H2 at equilibrium will remain same, [Zn2+] will increase.
(D) Both (B) and (C).
(A) Zn2+ rFkk H+ dh lkUnzrk dk ;ksx leku jgsxkA
(B*) Zn+2 dh lkUnzrk esa o`f) gksxh ysfdu [H+] vk;u dh lkUnzrk esa deh ls de rsth ls gksxhA
(C) lkE; ij H2 dk vkaf'kd nkc leku jgsxk ysfdu [Zn2+] esa o`f) gksxh A
(D) (B) rFkk (C) nksuksaA
Sol. On addition of inert gas volume increases, partial pressure of hydrogen decreases and so equilibrium shifts
in forward direction.
vfØ; xSl feykus ij vk;ru esa o`f) gksrh gS H2 ds vkaf'kd nkc esa deh gksrh gS rFkk bl izdkj lkE; vxz fn'kk esa foLFkkfir
gksrk gSA
15. The value of Kp, for the reaction, A(g) + 2B(g) C(g) is 25 atm–2 at a certain temperature. The value of KP
1 1
for the reaction, C(g) A(g) + B(g) at the same temperature would be
2 2
fdlh fuf'pr rki ij vfHkfØ;k A(g) + 2B(g) C(g) ds fy;s Kp dk eku 25 atm–2 gSA mlh leku rki ij
1 1
C(g) A(g) + B(g) vfHkfØ;k ds fy;s kp dk eku gksxk %
2 2
1 1
(A) 25 atm–1 (B) atm–1 (C*) atm (D) 5 atm.
25 5
Sol. A(g) + 2B(g) C (g) Kp = 25
1
C(g) A(g) + 2B (g) Kp =
25
Dividing by 2.

1 1 1 1
C(g) A(g) + B(g) Kp = =
2 2 25 5

16. In electrolysis of NaCl, when platinum electrode is taken then H 2 is liberated at the cathode while with
mercury cathode it forms sodium amalgam. This is because
(A) Hg is more inert than Pt
(B*) More voltage is required to reduce H+ at Hg than at Pt
(C) Na is dissolved in Hg while it does not dissolve in Pt
(D) Conc. of H+ ions is larger when Pt electrode is taken
NaCl ds oS|qr vi?kV~u esa tc IysfVue bysDVªkWM dks fy;k tkrk gS rks dSFkksM ij H2 eqDr gksrh gS tcfd edZjh dSFkksM ds
lkFk ;g lksfM;e veyxe cukrk gSA ;g gksrk D;kasfd
(A) Hg , Pt dh vis{kk vf/kd vfØ; gksrh gSA
(B*) Hg ij H+ dks vipf;r djus ds fy, Pt dh vis{kk vf/kd oksYVst dh vko';drk gksrh gSA
(C) Hg esa Na ?kqy tkrk gS ysfdu Pt eas ugha ?kqyrk gSA
(D) H+ vk;u dh lkUnzrk vf/kd gksrh gS tc Pt bysDVªkWM fy;k tkrk gSA
17. In electrolysis of dilute H2SO4, what is liberated at anode ?
ruq H2SO4 ds oS|qr vi?kV~u esa ,uksM ij D;k eqDr gksrk gS \
(A) H2 (B) SO42– (C) SO2 (D*) O2
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Sol. Pure water does not conduct electricity. But when small amount of acid say H 2SO4 is added to it, water
ionises. On passing electricity, it decomposes, H2SO4 being a strong electrolyte ionise completely whereas
water is feebly ionised.

H2SO4  2H+ + SO42–


H2O H+ + OH–
During electrolysis, the hydrogen ions migrate towards the cathode and discharge here in the form of hydrogen
gas.

2H+ + 2e–  H2


The overall reactions are :

2H+ + 2e–  H2

4H+ + 4e–  2H2


At cathode

2H+ + 2e–  H2

4H+ + 2H2O  2H2


At anode

2H2O  O2 + 4H+ + 4e–


Overall cell reaction :
4H+ + 2H2O 2H2 + O2 + 4H+
as we see that acid used is regenerated at the end. Therefore, the whole electrolysis reaction is the dissociation
of water to give oxygen at anode and hydrogen at cathode catalysed by H 2SO4.
'kq) ty oS/kqr dk pkyu ugha djrk gS] ysfdu tc de ek=kk esa vEy tSls fd H2SO4 dks feyk;k tkrk gS rks ty vk;uhd`r
gks tkrk gS oS|qr izokfgr djus ij] ;g fo?kfVr gksrk gS] H2SO4 ,d izcy oS|qr vi?kV~; gksus ls iw.kZ :i ls vk;uhd`r
gksrk gS] tcfd ty nqcZy :i ls vk;uhd`r gksrk gSA
H2SO4  2H+ + SO42–
H2O H+ + OH–
oS|qr vi?kVu ds nkSjku] gkbMªkstu vk;u dSFkksM dh vksj vfHkxeu djrs gSa o gkbMªkstu xSl ds :i esa ;gk¡ fujkosf'kr gksrk
gSA
2H+ + 2e–  H2
lEiw.kZ vfHkfØ;k,¡ fuEu gSa
2H+ + 2e–  H2

4H+ + 4e–  2H2


dSFkksM ij
2H+ + 2e–  H2

4H+ + 2H2O  2H2


,uksM ij
2H2O  O2 + 4H+ + 4e–
lEiw.kZ lsy vfHkfØ;k
4H+ + 2H2O 2H2 + O2 + 4H+
tSls fd ge ns[krs gS fd iz;qDr vEy vUr esa iquZizkIr gksrk gSA vr% lEiw.kZ oS|qr vi?kVu vfHkfØ;k ty dks fo;ksftr dj
H2SO4 }kjk mRizsfjr gks dj ,uksM ij vkWDlhtu o dSFkksM ij gkbMªkstu nsrh gSA

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18. When an acid cell (lead storage battery or cell) is charged then :
(A*) voltage of cell increases (B) electrolyte of cell dilutes
(C) resistance of cell increases (D) none of the above
tc ,d vEy lSy ¼lhlk lapk;d lsy½ vkosf'kr gksrk gS rc %
(A*) lsy ds oksYVst esa o`f) gksrh gS (B) lsy dk oS|qr vi?kV~; ruq gksrk gS
(C) lsy ds çfrjks/k esa o`f) gksrh gS (D) mijksDr esa ls dksbZ ugha
Sol. The discharged acid cell can be recharged by passing a direct current through it in opposite direction. During
recharging of cell, the electrode material are restored in their original forms. Due to formation of H + and
SO42– ions the specific gravity of sulphuric acid increases and it attains the original value (1.3 g/cm 3) and
also its EMF (voltage) increases.
During charging
At negative electrode :
direct
PbSO4(s) + 2e–  
 Pb(s) + SO 2–(aq)
4
current
At positive electrode :
direct
PbSO4(s) + 2H2O  

current
overall charging reaction :

Ch arging 2
2PbSO 4 (s)  2H2O   Pb ( s)  PbO 2 ( s) + 4 H(aq)  SO 4 (aq)
    
present on electrodes electrode materials H2SO4 reformed
recovered
overall reaction during charging :

Pb(s) + PbO2(s) + 4H+(aq) + 2SO42–(aq)  2PbSO4(s) + 2H2O


fujkosf'kr vEy lsy dks bldh foijhr fn'kk esa ,d lh/kh /kkjk dk izokg dj iquZvkosf'kr fd;k tkrk gSA lsy ds iquZvkos'ku
ds nkSjku bysDVªkM inkFkZ dks okLrfod :i esa iquZlapf;r fd;k tkrk gSA H+ o SO42– vk;uksa ds dkj.k lY¶;wfjd vEy
ds fof'k"V ?kuRo esa o`f) gksrh gS o bldk okLrfod eku (1.3 g/cm 3) izkIr djrk gS o lkFk gh bldk EMF (okYVst) esa
o`f) gksrh gSA
_.kkRed bysDVªkWM ij vkos'k ds nkSjku %
PbSO4(s) + 2e–  Pb(s) + SO 42–(aq)

/kukRed bysDVªkWM ij %
PbSO4(s) + 2H2O 

lEiw.kZ :i ls vkosf'kr vfHkfØ;k %



2PbSO 4 (s)  2H2O  Pb(s)  PbO (s) + 4H(aq)  SO24 (aq)
   2  
H2SO4

vkos'ku ds nkSjku lEiw.kZ vfHkfØ;k %


Pb(s) + PbO2(s) + 4H+(aq) + 2SO42–(aq)  2PbSO4(s) + 2H2O
Comprehension
Beryllium shows different properties from rest of the alkaline earth metals because of its small atomic and
ionic size, high electronegativity and high polarising power. But beryllium shows similarities in properties to
the second member of the next group i.e. aluminium on account of similar atomic and ionic size and nearly
same polarising power.
Comprehension
csfjfy;e 'ks"k {kkjh; e`nk /kkrqvksa ls fHkUu xq.k/keZ j[krsa gSa bldk dkj.k NksVk ijek.koh; o vk;fud vkdkj mPp /kqzo.k {kerk
gSA ysfdu csfjfy;e vxys oxZ vFkkZr~ ,Y;qfefu;e ds f}Ùkh; lnL; ds leku xq.k/keZ n'kkZrk gS] bldk dkj.k leku ijek.koh;
o vk;fud vkdkj o yxHkx leku /kqzo.k {kerk dk gksuk gSA

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19._ Which of the following statements is true?
(A) BeO and Be(OH)2 both are purely basic in nature.
(B) Be can expand its covalency to six.
(C*) Be largely forms covalent compounds which get easily hydrolysed.
(D) Be combines with hydrogen upon heating to form BeH 2.
fuEu esa dkSulk dFku lR; gS \
(A) BeO o Be(OH)2 nksuksa izd`fr esa 'kq) :i ls {kkjh; gSA
(B) Be bldh lgla;kstdrk dks N% rd izlkfjr dj ldrk gSA
(C*) Be eq[; :i ls lgla;ksth ;kSfxd cukrs gSa tks vklkuh ls tyvi?kfVr gksrk gSA
(D) Be dks gkbMªkstu ds lkFk la;ksftr dj xeZ djus ij BeH2 curk gSA
Sol. (A) BeO and Be(OH)2 are amphoteric in nature.
(B) Be cannot expand its covalency greater than four as it does not have vacant d-orbitals.
(C) Correct statement ; on account of high ionisation enthalpy and small size.
(D) Do not combine directly with H2 on heating to form hydride.
Method used is : 2BeCl2 + LiAlH4  2BeH2 + LiCl + AlCl3
Sol. (A) BeO o Be(OH)2 izd`fÙk esa mHk;/kehZ gksrs gSaA
(B) Be Lo;a dh lgla;kstdrk pkj ls vf/kd izlkfjr ugha dj ldrk gS] D;ksafd ;g fjDr d-d{kd j[krk gSA
(C) lgh dFku % mPp vk;uu ÅtkZ o de vkdkj ds dkj.kA
(D) xeZ djus ij H2 ds lkFk lh/ks la;ksftr u gks dj gkbMªkbM ugha cukrk gSaA
fuEu fof/k iz;qDr gksrh gS % 2BeCl2 + LiAlH4  2BeH2 + LiCl + AlCl3
20._ Which of the following statement is false?
(A) Both Be(OH)2 and Al(OH)3 dissolve in excess of alkali to give beryllate ion [Be(OH)4]2– and aluminate ion
[Al(OH)4]– respectively.
(B) Chlorides of Be and Al are soluble in organic solvents and are strong Lewis acid.
(C) Be and Al have strong tendency to form complexes with F – ligands.
(D*) The chlorides of Be and Al have Cl– bridged structure in liquid phase.
fuEu esa ls dkSu lk dFku vlR; gS \
(A) Be(OH)2 o Al(OH)3 nksuksa {kkj ds vkf/kD; esa ?kqydj Øe'k% csfjysV vk;u [Be(OH)4]2– o ,Y;qfeusV vk;u [Al(OH)4]–
nsrs gSA
(B) dkcZfud foyk;d esa Be o Al esa DyksjkbM foys; gSa o izcy yqbZl vEy gSA
(C) Be o Al , F– fyxs.M ds lkFk ladqy cukus dh izcy izo`fÙk gksrh gSA
(D*) Be o Al ds DyksjkbM nzo izkoLFkk esa Cl– lsrquqek lajpuk j[krsa gSA
Sol. Both have chloride bridged structure in vapour phase.
Sol. nksuksa ok"i izkoLFkk esa dYkksjkbM lsrquqek lajpuk j[krs gSA

DPP No. # 28 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 61 Max. Time : 40 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.7 (3 marks, 2 min.)[21, 14]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.8 to Q.11 (4 marks, 2 min.)[16, 08]
Integer type Questions ('–1' negative marking) Q.12 to Q.17 (4 marks 3 min.) [24, 18]

1. Which of the following statement is incorrect.


(A) The pH of alkaline aqueous solution may be 6.5
(B*) pH of 10–8 M NH3 aqueous solution is less than 7 at 25°C
(C) Solubility of AgBr is greater in conc. aqueous NH3 solution than in pure water.
(D) Degree of ionisation of water is suppressed due to addition of an acid or base in it.
fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku lgh ugha gS %
(A) {kkjh; tyh; foy;u dh p H 6.5 gks ldrh gSA
(B) 25ºC rki ij] 10–8 M NH3 ds tyh; foy;u dh pH 7 ls de gksrh gSA
(C) lkUnz tyh; NH3 foy;u esa] AgBr dh foys;rk] 'kq) ty dh rqyuk esa vf/kd gksrh gSA
(D) ty esa fdlh vEy vFkok {kkj dks feykus ij] ty ds vk;uu dh ek=kk de gks tkrh gSA
Sol. Since aqueous solution of NH3 is basic in nature and therefore pH will be greater than 7 at 25ºC.
pwafd NH3 ds tyh; foy;u dh izd`fr {kkjh; gksrh gS] vr% 25ºC rki ij bldh pH 7 ls vf/kd gksxhA

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2. The specific conductivity is 0.0382 –1 cm–1 for a solution which is 0.1 M in KCl and 0.2 M in NaCl
(a strong electrolyte). Calculate (Na+) if the (k +) = 74 and (Cl–) = 76 resp.
,d foy;u tks fd 0.1 M KCl rFkk 0.2 M NaCl dk gS dh fof'k"V pkydrk 0.0382 –1 cm –1 gS rks (Na+) dh x.kuk
dhft, ;fn (k+) = 74 rFkk (Cl–) = 76 gSaA
(A) 10 (B) 20 (C) 30 (D*) 40

3. The solubility of [Co(NH3)4Cl2] ClO4 if the  CO(NH3 )4 Cl 2  = 50,  ClO 4  = 70 and the measured resistance was
33.5  in a cell with cell constant of 0.20 is ________
;fn  CO(NH3 )4 Cl 2 = 50,  ClO 4 = 70 gS rks rFkk ,d lsy esa lsy fu;rkad 0.20 ds lkFk ekfir izfrjks/k 33.5  gS rks
[Co(NH3)4Cl2] ClO4 dh foys;rk ________ gksxhA
(A) 59.7 mmol/L (B*) 49.7 mmol/L (C) 39.7 mmol/L (D) 29.7 mmol/L
4. For a saturated solution of AgCl at 25°C,  = 3.4×10–6 S cm–1 and that of H2O () used is 2.02 × 10–6 S cm –
1
. m for AgCl is 138 S cm 2 mol–1 then the solubility of AgCl in moles per liter will be -
25°C ij AgCl ds ,d larI` r foy;u ds fy,  = 3.4 × 10–6 S cm–1 rFkk H2O () ds fy, 2.02 × 10–6 S cm–1 iz;qDr fd;k
tkrk gS] AgCl ds fy, m 138 S cm 2 mol–1 gS rks AgCl dh eksy@yhVj esa foys;rk gksxh&
(A*) 10–5 (B) 10–10 (C) 10–14 (D) 10–16
Sol. electrolyte = solution – solvent
= 3.4 × 10–6 – 2.02 × 10–6 = 1.38 × 10–6 Scm –1
electrolyte  1000
Solubility =
ºm

1.38  10 –6  1000
= = 10–5 M.
138
electrolyte = foy;u – foyk;d
= 3.4 × 10–6 – 2.02 × 10–6 = 1.38 × 10–6 Scm –1
  1000 1.38  10 –6  1000
foys;rk = º = = 10–5 M.
m 138
5. Given that (in S cm2 eq–1) at T = 298 K :
eq for Ba(OH2), BaCl2 & NH4Cl are 228.8, 120.3 & 129.8 respectively.
Specific conductance for 0.2 N NH4OH solution is 4.766 × 10–4 S cm–1, then value of pH of the given solution
of NH4OH will be nearly
298 K ij fn;k x;k gS fd Ba(OH)2, BaCl2 rFkk NH4Cl ds fy, eq Øe'k% 228.8, 120.3 rFkk 129.8 (Scm2 eq–1 esa) gSaA
0.2 N NH4OH foy;u ds fy, fof'k"V pkydrk 4.766 × 10–4 S cm–1 gSA NH4OH ds fn;s x;s foy;u dk pH yxHkx fdruk
gksxk\
(A) 9.2 (B*) 11.3 (C) 12.1 (D) 7.9
Sol. eq Ba(OH)2 = º Ba2+ + ºeq, OH –
ºeq BaCI2 = ºeq Ba2+ + ºeq,CI–
ºeq NH4CI = ºeq NH+4 + ºeq,CI–
ºeq, NH4OH = ºeq,NH4+ + ºeq,OH–
I + III + II
ºeq,NH4OH = (228.8 + 129.8) – 120.3 = 238.33 cm 2eq–1

4.766  10 –14  1000


eq, NH4OH = = 2.383
0. 2

eq,NH4 OH
= = 10–2
 º eq,NH4 OH
NH4OH NH4+ + OH–
c(1–) c c
[OH–] = 0.2 × 10–12 = 2 × 10–3
pOH = 3– log2  pH = 14 –(3–log2) = 11.3

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6. Identify the true and false statement and answer in given options
lgh rFkk xyr dFkuksa dks igpkfu;s rFkk fn, x, fodYiksa esa mÙkj nhft, &
1. During electrolysis of 1M NaCl solution Cl2 does not form at the anode.
1M NaCl foy;u ds oS|qr&vi?kVu ds nkSjku ,uksM ij Cl2 ugha curk gSA
2. For a concentration cell with its reaction at equilibrium both E cell and E cell are zero.

lkE; ij lkUnzrk lSy esa bldh vfHkfØ;k ds fy, Ecell rFkk Ecell nksuksa 'kwU; gksrs gaSA
3. The hybridisation of [Cr(H2O)6]+++ is sp3d2.
[Cr(H2O)6]+++ dk ladj.k sp3d2 gSA

(A*) F T F (B) T T T (C) F F F (D) F T T

(p ) H2 O
7. Lime stone  Quick lime 

Which of the following option describes the correct reactants, products and reaction conditions ?

(p) (q) (r) (s)


(A) Strongly heating Slaked lime Ca(O2)2 Cold water
(B) Strongly heating Slaked lime CaO2 Cold water
Strongly heating in
(C) Slaked lime CaO Cold water
presence of catalyst
Strongly heating under
(D) Slaked lime CaO2 Cold water
high pressure

(p ) H2 O
pwus dk iRFkj  fcuk cq>k gqvk pwuk 

fuEu esa ls dkSulk fodYi] fØ;kdkjd] mRikn rFkk vfHkfØ;k dh lgh fLFkfr dk fo'ys"k.k djrk gS \

(p) (q) (r) (s)


(A) Ca(O2)2

(B) CaO2

(C) CaO
(D) CaO2

Ans. (B).

1000 º C H O
Sol. CaCO3   CaO 2

With hot water O2 is liberated.


CaO2 + H2O (hot)  Ca(OH)2 + ½O2

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1000 º C H2 O
gy . CaCO3   CaO 

xeZ ty ds lkFk O2 eqDr gksrh gSA


CaO2 + H2O (xeZ)  Ca(OH)2 + ½O2

8.* In which of the following molecule(s) / ion(s) are all the bonds not equal ?
fuEu esa ls fdl v.kq ;k vk;u esa lHkh ca/k leku ugha gSa \
(A) SiF4 (B) ICl4– (C*) SF4 (D*) PCl5

Sol. , ; here axial bonds are longer than equatorial bonds.

Remaining molecules / ions have symmetrical structures ; so have all bonds equal.

, ; ;gk¡ v{kh; ca/k (axial bonds), fo"kqorh; ca/kksa (equatorial bonds) dh rqyuk esa cM+s gSaA

'ks"k cps gq, v.kqvksa@vk;u lefer lajpuk j[krs gSa ; blfy, lHkh ca/k cjkcj gSA

9.* Which of the following statements is/are correct ?


(A*) London forces are relatively weak forces that exist among noble gas atoms and non-polar molecules.
(B*) London forces arises from a temporary dipole on an atom or molecule that induces a temporary dipole
on an adjacent atom or molecule.
(C) London forces become weaker as the polarizability of atoms or molecules increases.
(D*) The boiling points of substances held together by london forces generally increases with atomic mass
or molar mass.
fuEu esa ls dkSulk @ dkSuls dFku lgh gS@gSa \
(A*) yUnu cy (London forces) rqyukRed :i ls ,d nqcZy cU/k gS rFkk ;g ukscy xSlksa ds ijek.kqvksa rFkk v/kqzoh; v.kqvksa
eas ik;k tkrk gSA
(B*) ,d ijek.kq vFkok v.kq ds vLFkk;h ¼rkR{k.khd½ f}/kqzo la;qXeh ijek.kq vFkok v.kq esa ,d vLFkk;h ¼rkR{k.khd½ f}èkqzo ds
fuekZ.k dks izsfjr djrk gSA blds dkj.k yanu cy mRiUu gksrs gSA
(C) ijek.kqvksa vFkok v.kqvksa dh /kqzo.krk esa o`f) gksus ds lkFk yanu cy nqcZy gksrk tkrk gSA
(D*) inkFkZ dk DoFkukad] yanu cy ds lkFk cU/kk gksrk gS tks fd lkekU;r% ijek.kq nzO;eku vFkok eksyj nzO;eku esa o`f)
ds lkFk c<+rk gSA
Ans. A, B and D, all are facts. (A, B rFkk D, lHkh rF; gSA½
10*. Which of the following statements is incorrect ?
(A) Some of the four-coordinated complexes of Ni2+ ion are square planar and some are tetrahedral.
(B*) The [Fe(H2O)6]3+ ion is more paramagnetic than the [Fe(H2O)6]2+ ion
(C) CFSE of square planar complexes are more than octahedral complexes for Pt.
(D*) The [Fe(CN)6]4– ion is paramagnetic but [Fe(CN)6]3– is diamagnetic

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fuEu esa ls dkSuls dFku xyr gSa \
(A) Ni2+ vk;u ds pkj milgla;ksth ladqyksa esa ls dqN oxZ leryh; rFkk dqN leprq"Qydh; gksrs gaSA
(B*) [Fe(H2O)6]2+ vk;u dh rqyuk esa [Fe(H2O)6]3+ vk;u vf/kd vuqpqEcdh; gSA
(C) Pt ds leryh; oxkZdkj ladqy ds fy, CFSE dk eku] v"VQydh; ladqy dh rqyuk esa vf/kd gksrk gSA
(D*) [Fe(CN)6]4– vk;u vuqpqEcdh; gS ysfdu [Fe(CN)6]3– izfrpqEcdh; gksrs gSaA
11*. The HCP and CCP structure for a given element would be expected to have :
(A*) the same co-ordination number.
(B) the same number of octahedral voids (per unit cell).
(C*) the same packing fraction.
(D) the same number of tetrahedral voids (per unit cell).
,d rRo ds fy, HCP rFkk CCP lajpukvksa esa %
(A*) leUo; la[;k leku gksxhA
(B) v"VQydh; fjfDrdkvksa (izfr ,dd~ dksf"Bdk) dh leku la[;k j[krs gSA
(C*) ladqyu n{krk leku gksxhA
(D) prq"Qydh; fjfDrdkvksa (izfr ,dd~ dksf"Bdk) dh leku la[;k j[krs gSA

12. At 300 K and 20 atm, the compression factor of a gas is 0.8. Calculate the volume occupied by 8 mmol of the
1
gas under these conditions ? (Take R = L atm K–1 mol–1)
12
300 K rFkk 20 atm ij ,d xSl dk lEihM~;rk dkjd 0.8 gSA bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa] xSl ds 8 mmol }kjk ?ksjs x;s vk;ru
1
dh x.kuk dhft,A (yhft, R = L atm K–1 mol–1)
12
Ans. 8 × 10–3 lt.
PVm ZRT 0.8  1 300
Sol. Z=  Vm = = = 1 lt mol–1.
RT P 20  12
blfy, vko';d vk;ru Therefore, required volume = nVm = 8 × 10–3 × 1 = 8 × 10–3 lt.
13. In F.C.C. arrangement of identical spheres, distance between two nearest octahedral void is 8.51Å. The
distance between two nearest tetrahedral voids would be ?
leku xksydksa dh F.C.C. O;oLFkk esa nks lehiLFk v"VQydh; fNnzksa ds e/; dh nwjh 8.51Å gS] rks nks lehiLFk prq"Qydh;
fNnzksa ds e/; dh nwjh gksxh \
Ans. 6Å
a
Sol. distance between two octahedral void = = 8.51
2
a = 8.51 × 1.41 = 12Å
distance between two tetrahedral void = a/2 = 6Å

a
nks v"VQydh; fNnzksa ds e/; dh nwjh = = 8.51
2
a = 8.51 × 1.41 = 12Å
nks prq"Qydh; fNnzksa ds e/; dh nwjh = a/2 = 6Å
14. Find the thickness of the electro deposited silver if the surface area over which deposition occurred was
100 cm 2 and a current of 0.2 A flowed for 1hr with the cathodic efficiency of 80%. Density of
Ag = 10 g/cc (Ag = 108).
oS|qr :i ls ij fu{ksfir flYoj dh eksVkbZ Kkr dhft, ;fn i`"B lrg {ks=kQy] ftl ij fu{ksi.k gqvk gS] 100 cm 2 ik;k
x;k gS rFkk 0.2 A dh fo|qr /kkjk 1 ?k.Vs ds fy, izokfgr dh tkrh gS o dSFkksM dh n{krk 80% gSA
Ag dk ?kuRo = 10 g/cc (Ag = 108).
108  0.2  0.8  3600
Sol. eksVkbZ × {kS=kQy × ?kuRo th × Area × density = ;
96500

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108  0.2  0.8  3600
nth = cm = 6.4 × 10–4 cm
96500  100  10
15. In the adjacent diagram the electrolytic cell contains 1 L of an aqueous 1 M Copper (II) sulphate solution. If
0.4 mole of electrons are passed through the cell, the molar concentration of copper ion after passage of the
charge will be :
fn;s x;s js[kkfp=k esa oS|qr vi?kV~; lsy ,d tyh; 1 M dkWij (II) lYQsV foy;u dk 1 yhVj j[krk gSaA ;fn lsy ds }kjk
bysDVªkWu ds 0.4 eksy izokfgr fd;s x;s rks vkos'k ds izokfgr gksus ds ckn dkWij vk;u dh eksyj lkUnzrk D;k gksxhA

Ans. 1
Sol. Number of moles of Cu2+ discharged from anode = number of moles of Cu2+ deposited at cathode.
g y- ,sukSM ls fujkosf'kr ¼eqDr gq,½ Cu2+ ds eksyksa dh la[;k = dSFkkSM+ ij fu{kssfir Cu2+ ds eksyksa dh la[;k

16. The charge required for discharging 115 gram of Na from molten NaCl is ................. Faradays.
xfyr NaCl ls Na ds 115 xzke dks fujkosf'kr ds fy, vko';d vkos'k ................. QSjkMs gSA
Ans. 5

N
17. The resistance of a KCl solution is 250 . Calculate the specific conductance and the equivalent
10
conductance of the solution if the electrodes in the cell are 7 cm apart and each has an area of 7 sq. cm.
N
,d 10 KCl foy;u dk izfrjks/k 250  gSA ;fn lsy esa bysDVªkWM ds chp dh nwjh 7 cm rFkk izR;sd dk {ks=kQy
7 oxZ cm gS rks foy;u ds fy, fof'k"V pkydrk rFkk rqY;kad pkydrk dh x.kuk djks \

1  1 7
Sol. R=  = × = 0.004 –1 cm –1
 A 250 7
0.004
 eq = × 1000 –1 cm2 eq–1 = 40 –1 cm2 eq–1 .
0. 1

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