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Reg. No.

Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

( Common to PTEC 2252 Communication Theory for B.E.(Part -Time)

Third Semester ECE - Regulations 2009)

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

if the highest frequency modulating a carrier i s 5 kHz?

6. Two resistors of 20 KΩ, 50 KΩ are at room temperature (290 K). For a bandwidth

of 100 KHz, calculate the thermal noise voltage generated by the two resistors in

series.

9. Calculate the Entropy of the Source with symbol probabilities 0.6, 0.3 and 0.1.

10. State Shannon’s channel capacity theorem, for a power and band limited channel.

VIDYARTHIPLUS.COM

Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) With necessary diagrams and expressions explain the generation and demod-

ulation of AM.

(8 + 8)

OR

11. (b) (i) Compare the various amplitude modulation schemes. (6)

(ii) With neat block diagram, explain the transmitter and receiver section of

Frequency Division Multiplexing. (10)

12. (a) (i) Deﬁne frequency modulation. Draw the FM waveform. Derive an expres-

sion for single tone frequency modulation.

(2 + 2 + 6)

(ii) Compare Narrowband and Wideband FM. (6)

OR

12. (b) Write about the basic principles of FM detection and explain about Ratio

detector. (4 + 12)

13. (a) (i) When is a random process said to be Strict Sense Stationary (SSS), Wide

Sense Stationary (WSS) and Ergodic process?

(6)

(ii) State any ﬁve properties of autocorrelation function. (10)

OR

13. (b) (i) Explain Narrowband noise. Show that a narrow band noise n(t) can be

represented in terms of its inphase and quadrature phase components. (8)

(ii) Thermal noise from a resistor is measured as 4 × 10−17 W at a tempera-

ture of 20◦ C for a given bandwidth. What will be the Noise power when

temperature is changed to 50◦ . (8)

14. (a) Obtain the expression for ﬁgure of merit of DSB-SC receiver using coherent

detection. (16)

OR

14. (b) (i) Derive the ﬁgure of merit for FM Receiver. (10)

(ii) What i s the necessity of pre-emphasis and de-emphasis used i n FM Sys-

tem? Explain pre-emphasis and de-emphasis with neat circuit. (6)

2 55333

VIDYARTHIPLUS.COM

15. (a) (i) Justify the need for an eﬃcient source encoding process i n order to increase

the average transmitted information per bit, if the source emitted symbols

are not equally likely, with an example. Consider a discrete memoryless

source for your justiﬁcation. (8)

(ii) Eight possible messages m1 , m2 , m3 , m4 , m5 , m6 , m7 and m8 from a source

and their probabilities are given.

P (m1 ) = 0.5, P (m2 ) = 0.15, P (m3 ) = 0.15, P (m4 ) = 0.08, P (m5 ) =

0.08, P (m6 ) = 0.02, P (m7 ) = 0.01, and P (m8 ) = 0.01.

Construct the Shannon-Fano coding for each of these messages in order to

increase the average information per bit. Find the coding eﬃciency. (8)

OR

15. (b) (i) State and explain Shannon’s theorems on channel capacity.

(12)

(ii) Deﬁne Mutual information. State any two properties. (4)

3 55333

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Reg. No.

B.E./B.Tech.Degree Examinations, May/June 2013

Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

Electronics and Communication Engineering

EC 2252 Communication Theory

( Common to PTEC 2252 Communication Theory for B.E.(Part -Time) Third

Semester ECE - Regulations 2009)

1. What are t he advantages o f converting the low frequency signal into high frequency signal ?

2. Compare Bandwidth and power requirement in terms of carrier power PC , for AM,DSB-SC and

SSB ?

Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) (i) Discuss on the frequency components present in a periodic and non

periodic signal? (4)

21357

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(ii) Derive the equation of an AM wave. Also draw the modulated AM wave for

various modulation index. (8)

(iii) The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8 ampere when only the carrier is sent. The

current increases to 8.93 A when the carrier is modulated by a single sine wave. Find the

percentage modulation. (4)

Or

11. (b) (i) Draw the VSB spectrum and explain the significance. (4)

(ii) How do you demodulate AM signal? Explain. (8)

(iii) A 1000 KHz carrier is simultaneously AM modulated with 300 Hz,

800Hz and 1.5KHz audio sine waves. What will be the frequencies

present in the output? (4)

modulating voltage is2.4V, the modulation index is 60. Calculate the

maximum deviation. What is the modulating index when the modulating

frequency is reduced to 250 Hz and the modulating voltage is

simultaneously raised to 3.2V? (6)

.

Or

12. (b) (i) Explain the Armstrong method to generate FM signal. (10)

(ii) How is the phase and frequency modulation are related? Explain. (3)

(iii) Differentiate Narrowband and Wideband FM. (3)

13. (a) (i) Write notes on shot noise and thermal noise. (8)

(ii) Derive the relationship between noise figure and equivalent noise temperature. (8)

Or

13. (b) (i) Explain the following terms mean, correlation, covariance ,

ergodicity. (10)

(ii) How do you represent narrowband noise? (6)

14. (a) (i) Draw the super heterodyne receiver and explain the operation of

each block. (10)

(ii) Derive the figure of merit for AM system for non coherent system, with

suitable assumptions. (6)

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Or

14. (b) (i) Derive t he figure of merit of a FM system. (10)

(ii) Explain FM threshold effect. . (6)

15. (a) (i) F i n d t h e H u f f m a n c o d i n g f o r t h e p r o b a b i l i t i e s

P={0.0625,0.25,0.125,0.125,0.25,0.125,0.0625} and the efficiency

of the code. (10)

(ii) State Shannon's theorem and explain. (6)

Or

use the Lempel-Ziv algorithm to encode this sequence. Assume that the binary

symbols 0 and 1 are already in the codebook. (10)

information capacity of the telephone channel for a signal-to-noise

ratio of 30dB. (3)

(iii) Calculate the minimum signal-to-noise ratio required to support information

transmission through the telephone channel at the rate of 9600 bits/sec

with bandwidth of 9.6KHz . (3)

21357

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