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Integrative Art as Applied to Contemporary - Artwork that is created by today’s

Arts contemporary artists and has world


view, and its sensitive to changing
 Integrated arts
times.
- Practice refers to inter-disciplinary - The term “contemporary art” refers
art, art research, development, to art made and produced by artists
production, presentation or artistic living today
creation of work that fully uses two or - Today’s artists work in and respond
more art disciplines to create a work to a global environment that is
for a specific audience.
culturally diverse, technologically
 Art advancing, and multifaceted.
- Is “human ingenuity in adapting - Working in a wide range of mediums,
natural things to man’s use” contemporary artists often reflect
(Webster) and comment on modern-day
- Art comes from the word “ars” which society.
means skill - Contemporary art: is the art of today,
- It is synonymous with skill, cunning, produced by artists who are living in
artifice, and craft, which all mean
the twenty-first century.
the faculty of what is devised - Contemporary art: provides an
 Skill opportunity to reflect on
o Skill stresses technical contemporary society and the issues
knowledge and proficiency relevant to ourselves, and the world
 Cunning around us.
o Cunning suggest ingenuity - Contemporary artists: work in a
and subtlety in devising,
globally influenced, culturally
inventing, or executing. diverse, and technologically
 Artifice advancing world. Their art is a
o Suggest mechanical skill
dynamic combination of materials,
especially in imitating things in
methods, concepts and subjects
nature that challenge traditional
 Craft boundaries and defy easy definition.
o May imply expertness in
 Characteristics of Philippine
workmanship and guile in Contemporary Arts (by classification)
attaining one’s end. 1. Dominant/Mainstream: foreign
1. Art is a Natural Human influenced, industry-driven,
Behavior technology assisted, oriented for
2. Art is communication mass consumption. (E.g Ogie
3. Art is healing
Alcasid and Sarah Geronimo)
4. Art tells our story 2. Alternative: usually social realist
5. Art is a shared experience and/or advocacy oriented
 Contemporary
individuals. (E.g. Joey Ayala,
- /kənˈtempəˌrerē/
Grace Nono, Kidlat Tahimik)
- Synonymous to present, current, 3. Traditional/Indigenous: preserves
modern. local traditions. (E.g. GAMABA
- Living or occurring at the same time
awardees- Samaon Sulaiman,
- Belonging to or occurring in the Lang Dulay)
present.  Elements/Principles of Contemporary Art
 Contemporary Art 1. Appropriation
- It is the art of today - Existing artworks are appropriated to
- Produced by artist who is living in the produce another artwork. Usage of
21st Century. prints, images, and icons to produce
- It is not restricted to individual another art form.
experience but it is reflective of the - Combines past from the present.
world we live in. Events in the world Revives interests to existing forms of
having an effect to the Philippines. art.
2. Performance Characteristics of a line are:
- Performance evolved to “emphasize a) Width: thick, thin, tapering, uneven.
spontaneous elements of chance.” b) Length: long, short, continuous,
(Walker Art Center) broken
- Interpreting various human activities c) Direction: horizontal, vertical,
such as ordinary activities such as diagonal, curving, perpendicular,
chores, routines and rituals, to oblique, parallel, radial, zigzag.
socially relevant themes such as d) Focus: sharp, blurry, fuzzy,
poverty, commercialism and war. choppy
3. Space e) Feeling: sharp, jagged, graceful,
- Arts transforming space. For smooth.
example: flash mobs, art installation
in malls and parks. Types of Line
- Site Specific forms: art form that is  Outlines: lines made by the edge
performed and positioned in a of an object or its silhouette
specific space such as public  Contour lines: lines that describe
places. the shape of an object and the
4. Hybridity interior detail
- Usage of unconventional materials,  Expressive lines: lines that are
mixing of unlikely materials to energetic and catches the
produce an artwork. For example: movement and gestures of an
coffee for painting, miniature active figure.
sculptures using crayons.  Sketch line: lines that captures
5. Technology the appearance of an object or
- Usage of technology in the creation impression of a place
and dissemination of art works.  Calligraphic lines: Greek word
- Video phenomenon from MTV to meaning “beautiful writing”
Youtube. Recording performances, precise, elegant handwriting or
video posting, sharing, live letting done by hand. Also
streaming. artwork that has flowing lines like
Modern Art Contemporary Art an elegant handwriting.
Started in 1860’s Started in 1970’s -  Implied line: lines that are not
Present actually drawn but created by a
Abstractions Social Issues group of objects seen from a
Art experimentation: Art experimentation distance.
- Drawing - Video Art 2. Shape
- Sculpture - Land Art - Shape is a flat, enclosed area of an
- Painting - Performanc
artwork created through lines,
e Art
- Virtual Art textures, colors or an area enclosed
by other shapes such as triangles,
circles and squares. Likewise, a form
VISUAL ELEMENTS can refer to a three-dimensional
composition or object within a three-
1. Line: a line is an identifiable path
dimensional composition.
created by a point moving in space. It is
Categories of Shapes
one-dimensional and can vary in width,
a) Geometric Shapes: circles,
direction, and length. Lines often define
squares, rectangles, and
the edges of a form. Lines can be
triangles. We see them in
horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, straight
architecture and manufactured
or curved, thick or thin.
items.
- An element of art that is used to
b) Organic shapes: leaf, seashells,
define shape, contours, and outlines,
flowers. We see them in nature
also to continuous mark made on a
and with characteristics that are
surface with a pointed tool or
free flowing, informal and
implied by edges of shapes and
irregular.
forms.
c) Positive shapes: in a drawing or mixed together they
painting positive shapes are the neutralize each other.
solid forms in a design such as a
Ex; yellow, blue, green, pink
bowl of fruit. In a sculpture it is the
solid form of the sculpture. f) Monochromatic: is where
d) Negative Shapes: in a drawing it one color is used but in
is the space around the positive different values and
shape or the shape around the intensity.
bowl of fruit. In sculpture it is the
empty shape around and Ex: dark brown, brown, light
between the sculptures. brown
e) Static shapes: Shapes that
g) Warm colors: are on one
appears stable and resting
side of the color wheel
f) Dynamic Shapes: shapes that
and they give the feeling
appears moving and active.
of warmth for example
3. Color
red, orange and yellow
- Is the element of art that is produced
are the color of fire and
when light, striking an object, is
feel warm.
reflected back to the eyes. There are
h) Cool colors: are on the
three properties to color. The first is
other side of the color
hue, which simply means the name
wheel and they give the
we give to a color (red, yellow, blue
feeling of coolness for
green, etc.). The second property is
example, blue, violet are
intensity, which refers to the vividness
the color of water and
of the color.
green is the color of cool
Categories of Color
grass.
 Color Wheel: is a tool used to
4. Space
organize color. It is made up
- Space is any conducive area that
of PSTACMWC
an artist provides for a particular
a) Primary Colors: red, yellow,
purpose. Space includes the
blue these colors cannot
background, foreground, and
be mixed, they must be
middle ground, and refers to the
bought in some form.
distance or area(s) around,
b) Secondary Colors: orange,
between, and within things.
violet, green these colors
are created by mixing two Categories of Space
primaries.
c) Tertiary/Intermediate a) Positive space: like in positive shape
Colors: red orange, yellow it is the actual sculpture or building.
green, blue violet, etc., b) Negative space: also like negative
mixing a primary with a shape it is the space around the
secondary creates these sculpture or building
colors. c) Picture Plane: is the flat surface of
d) Analogous colors: the your drawing paper or canvas.
analog colors are those d) Composition: is the organization and
colors which lie on either placement of elements on your
side of any given color. picture plane
Ex ; orange, red, cherry e) Focal Point: is the object or area you
e) Complementary colors: want the viewer to look at first.
are colors that are
opposite each other on
the color wheel. When
placed next to each other
they look bright and when
Types of Perspective b) Implied Texture: where a piece of art
is made to look like a certain texture.
- Perspective is an approximate Like drawing a rough tree trunk but it
representation, on a flat surface
is actually smooth paper.
(paper), of an image as it is 2) Value
perceived by the eye - Relevant to the lightness or darkness
1) Nonlinear Perspective of any color, but its importance is
- Is the method of showing depth that easy to visualize in a work with no
incorporates the ffg. Techniques colors other than black, white, and
grayscale.

a) Position: placing an object higher Categories of Value


on the page makes it appear farther a) Tint: adding white to color paint
back than objects placed lower. to create lighter values such as
b) Overlapping: when an object pink or light blue.
overlaps another object, it appears b) Shade: adding black to paint to
closer to the viewer, and the object
create dark values such as dark
behind appears farther. blue or dark red.
c) Size Variation: smaller objects look c) High-key: is where the picture is
farther away in the distance. Larger all light values.
objects look closer. d) Low-key: is where the picture is
d) Color: bright colors look like they are all dark values
closer to you and neutral colors look e) Value Contrast: where light
farther away.
values are placed next to the
e) Value: lighter values look like they dark values to create contrast or
are brighter and darker values look strong differences
like they are closer.
f) Value Scale: is a scale that shows
2) Linear Perspective
the gradual change in value
- Is the method of using lines to show from its lightest value, to its
the illusion of depth in a picture darkest value black.
a) One-point Perspective: when lines
3) Form
created by the sides of tables or - Element of art that is three-
building look like that are pointing to dimensional and encloses volume;
the distance and they all meet at includes height, width and depth
one point perspective. (cube, sphere, pyramid, cylinder).
b) Two-point Perspective: the lines look May also be free flowing.
like they are meeting at two points
- Shading a circle in a certain manner
on the horizon line can turn it into a sphere
Visual Elements - Form Types:
- Square – cube; rectangle – cylinder;
1) Texture triangle – cone; circle- sphere
- Stimulates the senses of sight and
touch and refers to the tactile quality Balance
of the surface of the art. - The way the elements are arranged
- Based on the perceived texture of - Keeping your design like a pattern. A
the canvas or surface, which balanced pattern would be if you
includes the application of the paint.
had a border on your pattern black.
- Two types: Visual and Actual Unbalanced pattern would be if
Categories of Texture approximately one-third of the
border was orange and two-thirds
a) Real Texture: actual texture of an pink
object. Artist may create real texture - Keeping your design symmetric is a
in art to give visual interest or evoke good technique for good balance.
a feeling.
- A. Symmetrical Balance – the parts Visual Art Elements and Principles of Design
of an image are organized so that
one side mirrors the other -the building blocks or ingredients of art
- B. Asymmetrical Balance – when one Principles of Art
side of a composition does not
reflect the design of the other - What we use to organize the
4) Unity elements of art, or tools to make art
- Creates a sense of harmony and
wholeness, by using similar elements 1. Balance
with composition and placing them The way the elements are arranged
in a way that brings them all Keeping your design like a pattern
together. - A. Symmetrical Balance – the parts
- Variety adds interest by using of an image are organized so that
contrasting elements with one side mirrors the other
composition. - B. Asymmetrical Balance – when
- Keeping your design in a sort of one side of a composition does not
harmony in which all sections of the reflect the design of the other
pattern make other sections feel
complete. Unity helps the design to
2. Emphasis
be seen as one design instead of
The focal point of an image, or when
randomness all around your design.
one area or thing stand out the most
5) Harmony
- the quality of how the visual 3. Contrast
elements are working together in a - A large difference between two
composition. It is achieved when all things to create interest and tension
elements have unity and cohesion, 4. Rhythm and Movement
giving a sense of completion in an A regular repetition of elements to
artwork. produce the look and feel of
- Similar to unity. Harmony brings movement
together a composition with similar 5. Pattern and Repetition
units. If your composition was using Repetition of a design
wavy lines and organic shapes you
6. Unity
would stay with those types of lines
When all elements and principles
and not put in just one geometric
work together to create a pleasing
shape
image
6) Pattern
7. Variety
- Is an underlying structure that
- The use of differences and change
organizes surfaces or structures in a
to increase the visual interest of the
consistent, regular manner.
work
- Can be described as a repeating
8. Proportion
unit of shape or form, but it can also
- The comparative relationship of one
be thought of as the “skeleton” that
part to another with respect to size,
organizes parts of a composition.
quantity or degree ; SCALE
- Simply keeping your design in a
certain format VISUAL ELEMENTS
7) Contrast
- Is simply defines as difference. LINE FORM
- Difference between art elements like
SHAPE
color, value, size, texture, and so on
can intensify the elements used. COLOR
- As a result, the elements used in a
work of art can become more SPACE
powerful. Although contrast is closely
TEXTURE
related with variety, it is usually
considered a principle of art. VALUE