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THE FOREST NURSERY

The forest nursery is a land area where seedlings are produced and then used
to artificially restore degraded forests. The nursery is also important to support
research on sowing, germination and growing forest species under experiment
conditions.

Nurseries are classified in two main categories: temporary or short-standing


and permanent or long-standing nurseries. They can be square, rectangular or
irregular in shape. The land area needs to be flat with a slope of 2 or 3% to
allow a proper drainage. The soil must be compact and free from clay.
Nurseries are always placed close to a water source (river, stream, well, etc)
and, if possible, close to roads.

Temporary nurseries are installed inside the forest for a short period, while
reforestation works are in progress. They are usually located close to the
working area and harbor and prepare seedlings from natural regeneration
before planting in the definitive plantation. Since these nurseries are installed
for a short period, short-lasting construction materials are used -generally
round wood sticks.

Permanent nurseries are established to continuously produce seedlings and


require higher investment than temporary nurseries. They lay on a large land
area and the facilities are built with long-lasting materials, such as sawn wood,
concrete, bricks, etc. Specialized and permanent labor is required and some
equipment such as a generator, a water pump, sprinklers and so on, are
necessary.

A nursery contains a set of beds. A bed is the place where seeds germinate
resulting in small tiny plants called seedlings. The regular dimension of a bed
is 1 m wide, 10 m long and 0,20 - 0,25 m thick. The bed is protected against
sunrays, high temperature and rain by a shed generally made plastic and
canvas sheets. Woven fronds of thatch palm species, such as irapay, shapaja,
yarina, etc., are also used in our region. The shed height can be 1,50 m or
0,40 m.

A substrate, composed by black earth (65%), common earth (25%) and sand
(10%), and sometimes humus, is evenly spread throughout the bed. All this
stuff need to be sieved to discard undesirable elements like plastics, glass
splinters, root and branches particles. Then, the substrate is tightly blended
and disinfected to prevent seeds and seedling from fungus and insect attack.
Thus, seeds can be sowed and in a few days, they will germinate allowing
growing vigorous seedlings for successful plantations.
TEST

Name and Surname: …………………………………………….. Date: …………………

1. Match the correct statements:

1. Allows seeds to germinate and obtain sound ( ) Temporary nursery


seedlings
2. It is established only while plantation is being ( ) The sprinkler
carried out
3. Protects the bed against sun radiation, heat, and ( ) The nursery
rain
4. It is used for watering the seeds on the bed. ( ) Permanent nursery
5. Allows permanent production of seedlings and ( ) The shed
require more durable building materials.

2. Write T for true or F for false, according to the statement.

1. We can grow other plants species in a nursery ( )


2. A temporary nursery is located inside a building ( )
3. Seedlings collected in the forest are prepare for planting in the ( )
temporary nursery.
4. Bricks and cement mortar is used in a permanent nursery ( )
5. The substrate is spread throughout the nursery ( )

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