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MAINTENANCE TRAINING ORGANISATION EXPOSITION

PART 2
TRAINING AND EXAMINATION PROCEDURES
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PART 2

TRAINING AND EXAMINATION


PROCEDURES

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2.0 TRAINING POLICY


1. General
As per 147.A.145 (a) (1) & (2) and in accordance with its Approval Schedule,
IKAROS organises the following PART - 147 approved maintenance training courses:
a) Basic Training Courses TA1, TB1.1, TB1.2, TB1.3, TB1.4 & TB2
b) Part of Basic Training Courses
c) Type Training Courses T1, T2 & T4
d) Airframe Type Training Courses
e) Power plant Type Training Courses
f) Avionics Systems Type Training Courses
Note: IKAROS also provides training courses which do not come under its PART
- 147 Approval, for example, Continuation Training for Part-145 Certifying /
Support Staff, Component maintenance training, specialised training, etc
2. Basic Training Courses
The knowledge basic training courses covers the subject matter for a Category or
subcategory of AML as specified in Annex III of PART 66.
147. A.200 states that the Basic KnowledgeTraining Course (BTC) consists of all four
of the following elements, which must be completed before a PART - 147 Approved
Basic Training Course Certificate is issued in accordance with Part 147.A.200.
a) Knowledge Training (Basic Training)
The knowledge training consists of theoretical training covering all Part-66
Modules that apply to the relative category or subcategory licence.
The training duration for each Module in training hours, for each AML
category or subcategory, is given in Table 1 below, in accordance with
PART – 66, Appendix I. Such training is conducted at IKAROS or other
facilities as specified under Part 2.8 of this MTOE.
For the purposes of this paragraph, a training hour means 60 minutes
training without pause. as per AMC 147.A.200.
Table 3 below indicates the Total Training Hours requirements including
both Theoretical and Practical Training, for each License category.

b) Knowledge Examination
After the completion of each Module, examinations are organised and
executed by the appointed examiners, as per Procedures 2.9 to 2.12. Basic
examination standard shall be applied according to Part 66 Appendix II,
which covers a representative cross section of the particular module.

c) Practical Training
The practical training element for Modules 7 and 11 to 17 will consist of the
remainder of the BTC duration as per PART - 147 Appendix I, as
appropriate to the licence category or subcategory. The practical training is
divided into visit periods to workshops and to maintenance facilities.
The training duration for each Module in training hours, for each AML
category or subcategory, is given in Table 2 below.
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d) Practical Assessment
The appointed practical assessors conduct practical assessments at the
completion of each practical training visit period, as per Procedure 2.13.
1. 147.A.145 (a) (1) allows a maintenance training organisation to carry out “basic
training courses to the Part-66 syllabus, or part thereof”. The Part of Basic
Training Courses (PBTC) consist of knowledge training and/or practical training
where applicable, covering specific modules or sub-modules. PBTC are
organised upon trainee(s) specific request(s). The duration of each PBTC is
based on the duration of the module(s), which is comprised as shown
immediately below. In the case of PBTC, the certificates that are issued, state
specifically the module(s) / sub-module(s) the training and/or the examinations
that have been conducted.
2. Any full or partial credits against the basic knowledge requirements and
associated examinations given to a trainee/candidate from the DCA, or other
EASA Competent Authority, as per 66.A.25 (b), are taken into consideration.
3. Basic practical training and basic practical assessments are performed in the
facilities as arranged by IKAROS and Part-145 Approved Maintenance
Organisation by applying procedures 2.5 and 2.13 of this MTOE, as
appropriate.

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TABLE 1 – FULL BASIC TRAINING COURSE MODULES THEORETICAL TRAINING


DURATION - SUMMARY

A1 B1.1 B1.2 B1.3 B1.4 B2


MODULE DESCRIPTION
Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs
1 Mathematics 9 42 42 42 42 42
2 Physics 20 64 64 64 64 58
3 Electrical Fundamentals 20 72 72 72 72 72
4 Electronic Fundamentals • 39 39 39 39 102
Digital Techniques / Electronic
5 8 78 42 78 42 207
Instrument Systems
6 Materials and Hardware 40 82 82 82 82 59
7A Maintenance Practices 50 200 200 200 200 162
8 Basic Aerodynamics 10 36 36 36 36 36
9A Human Factors 10 36 36 36 36 36
10 Aviation Legislation 16 42 42 42 42 42
Turbine Aeroplane Aerodynamics,
11A 50 474 • • • •
Structures and Systems
Piston Aeroplane Aerodynamics,
11B • • 233 • • •
Structures and Systems
Helicopter Aerodynamics, Structures
12 • • • 508 508 •
and Systems
Aircraft Aerodynamics, Structures and
13 • • • • • 534
Systems
14 Propulsion • • • • • 84
15 Gas Turbine Engine 35 240 • 240 • •
16 Piston Engine • • 277 • 277 •
17A Propeller 12 35 35 • • •
TOTAL THEORETICAL DURATION IN HOURS 280 1440 1200 1439 1440 1434
(Courses theoretical duration conforms to the requirement of Part 147 Appendix-1)

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TABLE 2 – FULL BASIC TRAINING COURSE MODULES PRACTICAL TRAINING


ELEMENT DURATION - SUMMARY

A1 B1.1 B1.2 B1.3 B1.4 B2


MODULE DESCRIPTION
Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs Hrs
Practice With Maintenance
PWMO 160 320 280 320 320 320
Organization
7A Maintenance Practices 138 280 280 280 280 211
Turbine Aeroplane Aerodynamics,
11A 218 348 • • • •
Structures and Systems
Piston Aeroplane Aerodynamics,
11B • • 341 • • •
Structures and Systems
Helicopter Aerodynamics, Structures
12 • • • 345 343 •
and Systems
Aircraft Aerodynamics, Structures
13 • • • • • 406
and Systems
14 Propulsion • • • • • 35
15 Gas Turbine Engine 45 85 • 75 • •
16 Piston Engine • • 60 • 60 •
17 Propeller 12 18 18 • • •
TOTAL PRACTICAL DURATION IN HOURS 573 1051 979 1020 1003 972

NOTE: An analysis to the TABLE 2 above indicating the practical training hour’s allocation for
each module breakdown and the associated allocation to actual aircraft environment can be found
in the IKAROS TPRM Chapter 2 – Introduction.
TABLE 3 - SUMMARY – FULL BASIC TRAINING TOTAL HOURS (Theoretical
and Practical) Per License Category:
CATEGORY DESCRIPTION TOTAL Hours
A1 Aeroplanes 853
B1.1 Aeroplanes / Turbine Engines 2491
B1.2 Aeroplanes / Piston Engines 2179
B1.3 Helicopters / Turbine Engines 2459
B1.4 Helicopters / Piston Engines 2443
B2 Avionics 2406

TABLE 4 PART 66 SUBCATEGORIES CONVERSION (AMC 147.A.200 (g)


HOLDING SUB 66 CONVERT TO SUB DURATION NOTES
66
A1 B1.1 or B2 1600hrs (60-70)% KNOWLEDGE TRAINING
B1.1 B2 600hrs (80-85)% KNOWLEDGE TRAINING
B2 B1.1
B1.2 B1.1 400hrs (50-60)% KNOWLEDGE TRAINING
ANY A ANY A 70hrs (30-40)% KNOWLEDGE TRAINING

NOTE: For all training courses, 1 (one) training day equals to 6 (six) training
hours, excluding any breaks.

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3 Type/Task Training
The Type/Task Training Courses for the aircraft types as per 147.A.300 and PART
66 Appendix III which are included in the TC’s Part-147 Approval may cover:
1. The Theoretical elements only – as per TNA requirement – PART 2.19 refers
2. The Practical elements only
3. Both the Theoretical and the Practical elements
Theoretical and/or practical training courses and practical assessments are
conducted according to Procedure 2.19 of this PART.
Aircraft Type Examinations are conducted according to Procedure 2.20 of this PART
and only according to the specific list of courses approved by the DCA (as per
procedure 1.9 of this PART)
As per PART 2.19, particular emphasis is given on:
- TNA to justify the training hours duration and syllabus for the theoretical part
- Practical training duration and selected tasks
More specific details can be found under the relevant aircraft type training theoretical
and practical courses within CHAPTER 3 of the TPRM.
4. Other training courses (not under PART - 147 Approval)
The Continuation Training Programme, concerns the implementation of 145.A.35 (d)
requirement for a Part-145 AMO. IKAROS collects information from different AMOs
regarding technical issues for its aircraft types, changes of procedures, human
factors issues and other relevant subjects. The TC processes this information to
produce a continuation training course adapted to the specific AMO’s needs.
Component Maintenance and Specialised Training are approved training courses,
which are not included in the TC’s PART - 147 approval schedule, and are described
in the last Revision of LPM (General Courses and Component Training).
5. Successful completion of courses
A trainee’s absence from any training course must not exceed 10% of the total
duration of the course (90% attendance). If a trainee’s absence exceeds the above
limits, the TrM will decide if he must attend again the whole course or only the parts
of the course during which he had been absent.
Except of the above attendance conditions, trainees may have to take course
progress tests or a course final tests to establish successful attendance of a training
course. If a trainee fails such a test he may request a re-sit.
The above tests do not substitute the requirements of PART - 147 for the
approved basic or aircraft type, training and examinations. These are always
conducted by applying the associated procedures in this Part 2 of the MTOE,
and in accordance with Part-66 specifications.
END

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2.1 ORGANISATION OF TRAINING COURSES


1. In general, the Accountable or TrM issue “Flyers” via emails, notifying potentially
interested persons or organisations of the planned courses and examinations
(Basic and/or Type). The interested parties respond by emailing or faxing or
hand delivering the Application for Examination (FORM IKTC – 43), accompanied
with a copy of their ID card or Passport to the administrator. Application form
should be filled in typing. In case an application form is filled in hand writing, the
administrator returns the form to the applicant and ask him/her to fill it in typing.
Administrator checks the form and verifies that it corresponds to the provided ID
document. Once the notification date as found on the Flyers is closed, the
administrator informs the Accountable and TrM of the interests. Then, the TrM
takes over as below:
2. When the TC receives a request for a training course that comes under its PART
- 147 approval, the TrM coordinates with the person(s) who placed the request to
verify that the proposed trainees have the prerequisites for the specific training
course as specified in Part-66, (e.g. credits for Basic training, previous type
training for a differences or a reduced type training course, previous experience
for practical type/task training, the form of practical training – instructor led, or
structured OJT - etc) and to establish the specific content and/or duration of the
course, as per the TC approval and in accordance with Part-66 specifications.
Note: For type/task practical training the applicants are encouraged to reach an
agreement on the duration and the content of the course with the
Competent Authority which will endorse the type rating, before the training
starts [see GM 66.A.45(d)].
3. Then assures that the necessary resources are, or will be, available in order to
conduct the course. These include:
a) Qualified instructors
b) Training course material
c) Appropriate training aids (if required for theoretical training)
d) Trainees’ training material
e) Classrooms (for theoretical training)
f) Workshops, tools and equipment (for practical training, if required)
g) Appropriate aircraft types (for practical training or for field trips during
theoretical training)
h) For aircraft types the field trips will be conducted on aircraft provided by the
customer or by any other operator (as agreed) at a location convenient for
the task.
4. Before any type/task practical training is organised the TrM ensures that the
specific aircraft type is available for the training duration. Otherwise, the practical
training is carried-out on a subcontractor’s aircraft.

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5. The TrM prepares the training course schedule and assigns to each instructor
who will be involved in the course the specific chapters or modules He shall
teach in line with their duration and dates.
6. Adequate preparation time is given to the instructors to refresh on the subjects
they will teach. This, depending on the amount and the complexity of the
materialto be taught, may vary from a few days for subjects they have recently
taught, to longer periods for complex subjects they have not been teaching for
over six months.
7. Before the start of any training course, the Administrator issues a TO “Training
Order”. It contains the following information for the particular course:
a) Training Order serial number and date of issue
b) Course Title and Course Code
c) Instructor(s) and Trainees details
d) Organiser, Location, Duration and Dates of the course
e) Participants (trainees) names
The TO, is signed by the TrM and is circulated to the instructors and the trainees
in the course, and to respective IKAROS, or customer’s management personnel,
if requested.
8. Further reference shall be made to Part 2.6

END

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2.2 PREPARATION OF COURSE MATERIAL

1. The maintenance training course material, which will be provided to the trainees,
shall be appropriate to, and shall cover, the relevant Part-66 syllabus as per
147.A.120.
2. The TC uses the following approved sources for the selection of the maintenance
training course material to utilise and to deliver basic and type training courses in
its Approval Schedule:
a) Academic books and publications.
b) Training material developed in-house by the TC instructors.
c) Training courses delivered by PART 147 organisations or other approved
providers of aviation maintenance training.
d) Training material from manufacturers or type certificate holders.
e) Publications from competent authorities or other international organisations
(ICAO, EASA, FAA, IATA, AEA, etc)
f) Simulators
3. For aircraft type training, the training material of the aircraft type or component,
manufacturer, type certificate holder, vendor, or any other approved providers of
training (e.g. other PART - 147 organisations) is used. Where possible the
training material is supplemented and/or updated with relevant information from
the customer (e.g. aircraft configuration), manufacturers (e.g. SBs, In Service
Information), competent authorities (e.g. ADs), etc. Also, whenever possible, the
latest revision status of the training material is obtained from the
airframe/component manufacturers.
4. For type training courses and in particular the TNA please refer to Part 2.19 –
“Aircraft type training and practical assessment” of this manual.
5. The nominated instructor within the set period presents his work to the TrM. If He
has not completed the task, a time extension is agreed upon.
6. When the task is completed, the TrM arranges a meeting with the instructors to
review the training material.
7. After the meeting, the appointed instructor incorporates into the training material
any remarks / observations / comments that have been discussed and decided
upon, and organises the training material into the format that it will be presented
to the trainees.

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8. The final product is presented to the TrM for final approval.


9. Updating of Training Material. This is the responsibility of the TrM. Training
material is reviewed and updated as follows:
- As per PART 66 and 147 changes, once a new EASA Regulation is released on
the subject, the TrM reviews the above against the syllabus of the TC. If any
changes need to be made, they are implemented at the times specified by the
Regulation.
- Change of Training Material due to general updating, in these cases the TrM
implements changes to the Training Material in order to incorporate new or
additional text, diagrams, etc
- Once a year (minimum) all the Training material is reviewed by the TrM.

For performing the above, the TrM can always call for the assistance of the
instructors.

Training Material/Syllabus Review (FORM IKTC – 63) is completed at each


occasion and it is kept by the TrM.

10. Distribution of Course Material:


a) Before a course is delivered, the TrM collaborates with the Administrator for
the reproduction, in either electronic or hard copy format, of the relative
course material in such numbers as to cover the participants in the course.
b) The reproduced copies are stored in the Records & Data room.
c) At the beginning of every training course chapter or module, the trainees
receive their personal copy of the relative training material.
11. Trainees’ access to the Library
a) All the documents referenced in the course materials are available to the
trainees from the Library.
b) The trainees may request from their Instructors access to the TC’s Library or
on-line access to IKAROS Technical Library through the company’s intranet.
c) Examples of such material are:
- Copies of EASA and/or Competent Authority Regulation
- Aircraft Maintenance Manuals
- Illustrated Parts Catalogue
- Maintenance Programs
- Wiring Diagrams

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- Avionics Training Material


- Aviation Press and Magazines, etc
- DCA AICs

12. All above training material available or provided to the trainees that is not
current and valid, is clearly stamped as: “FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY”.

NOTE: Equipment manufacturers, regulatory bodies, or any officially recognised source


initially deliver training courses pertaining to the introduction of new equipment (aircraft,
components, etc) or regulatory requirements. Trained TC instructors repeat such
courses in-house. The IKAROS TrM undertakes the task of the initial selection, the
updating and the evaluation of the training course material for a specific
subject/chapter/module, relative to his qualifications and terms of reference.

END

2.3 PREPARATION OF CLASSROOMS AND EQUIPMENT

1. Before the execution of any training course at the TC facility, the instructor(s)
coordinates with the TrM for the allocation of the necessary resources, such as
classroom, training equipment and material.
2. The TrM assigns the dates, time and the suitable classroom for training.
3. The required classroom equipment for the training (LCD projectors, etc) is
allotted too.
4. The instructor checks the functionality and good operational condition of the
equipment prior to the starting date of the course. Any major problems are
reported to the TrM for prompt solutions.
5. Each Instructor performing a training course, is responsible for the good condition
of his classroom and equipment and for their safekeeping in the duration of the
course. Furthermore, he reports to TrM any problems encountered during its
accomplishment.
6. For training course delivered by visiting instructors, the TrM assumes
responsibility for the preparations.
7. It must be ensured that the classroom is big enough for the number of trainees,
which shall not exceed 28 as per 147.A.100 par. (b).1.

END

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2.4 PREPARATION OF WORKSHOPS, MAINTENANCE FACILITIES AND


EQUIPMENT

1. Basic or Type/Task practical training and/or assessments are carried out at


facilities where IKAROS has agreed and authorised access. An agreement shall
be made with the owned/user of the maintenance facilities. Such agreement shall
also ensure access to the facilities for the DCA.

2. In certain occasions, practical training and/or assessments may be performed at


remote Line or Base Stations, where the aircraft or material is readily available
and does conform to the scope. Also, practical training and/or assessments can
be carried out at either the customer’s, or at a subcontractor’s facility.

3. The instructor who is responsible for the organisation of practical


training/assessment generates a check list for the equipment, tools, test
equipment, documentation, etc., relative to the practical training, or assessment,
elements to be performed to ensure proper preparation of the practical training or
practical assessment.

4. For practical training and/or assessment conducted at a customer’s or a


subcontractor’s facility, the instructor who will perform the training must
coordinate with the customer or the subcontractor to ensure of the availability of
all necessary resources for the proper performance of the training.

5. When practical training and/or assessment is to be carried-out at a line station,


the TrM collaborates with the 145 organisation/airport authorities to arrange for
the instructor’s and the trainees’ accessibility to the aircraft. The instructor, who
will perform the training, cooperates with the station engineer(s) to organise it
and to ensure the availability of all the necessary equipment.

6. Whenever needed for the proper organisation of practical training or practical


assessment the responsible instructor(s) may visit the workshops and/or
maintenance facilities, before the actual performance of the training/assessment,
to become familiar with the equipment, including the specific aircraft type, if
necessary, and to ensure the proper completion of all preparations.

7. No practical training or practical assessment can be conducted unless all the


availability and functionality of all the necessary resources has been ensured.
Consequently no practical training or practical assessment can be conducted
unless the availability of the appropriate aircraft type is guaranteed. When
practical training is performed, the TrM collaborates with the Instructors to ensure
that the practical training and/or assessment is carried out according to the
training schedule and the list of tasks to be performed by the trainee(s). The TrM
assigns an instructor to the task of preparing the practical training or assessment.
The instructor ensures:

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a) That the workshop or maintenance crew supervisory staff is informed of the practical
training elements that must be performed by the trainee(s) as per their practical
training logbook and that they are carried-out in accordance with Part-66
requirements.
b) Of the availability and functionality of the equipment, special tools, test equipment
etc, which will be used by the trainees.

Note1:
Especially for aircraft types to which the TC does not have direct access,
practical training and/or assessment will be conducted at the customer’s aircraft.
Note 2:
Resources means the availability of a certifying engineer, availability and
functionality of the equipment, special tools, test equipment etc

END

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2.5 CONDUCT OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICAL TRAINING

1. As described in 2.0 of this Part, the TC may conduct a complete or part of basic of
training courses. The courses may cover knowledge (theoretical) training,
practical training or a combination of both.

2. The knowledge training element covers the relative for a category or subcategory
B1/B2 AML modules and level of training, as specified in Part-66. The training is
conducted in TC’s classrooms. Six hours of training are apportioned in every 8-
hour workday.

3. The duration of conversion courses between categories and/or subcategories will


be determined through an assessment of the basic training syllabus and the
related practical training experience, as per AMC 147.A.200(g) – TABLE 1 found
below paragraph 2.5.9 refers.

4. The principles of a BTC are applied in the cases of modular training, which is
based on candidates’ specific requests. In such cases, all the certificates, which
are issued, contain the appropriate statement regarding the training and/or
examinations, which have been undertaken.

5. The practical training element concerns Modules 7 and 11 to 17, as per GM


147.A.145 (d)(3), and covers the practical use of common tooling & equipment,
the disassembly & assembly of a representative selection of aircraft parts and the
participation in representative maintenance activities being carried out relevant to
the particular Part-66 complete module.

a) The duration of the practical element for each module is given in Table 2
PART 2.0 of this MTOE.

b) The training is divided into phases, which take place after the completion of
the knowledge training (theory), or are intermixed with the above relative
modules.

c) All basic practical training is carried out in the workshops or aircraft


maintenance environment that IKAROS has made arrangements.
Subcontractor’s or customer’s facilities may be used as per Procedure 2.4.

d) When a basic practical training element is in the form of a structured On Job


Training (OJT) the trainees perform under the supervision of the workshop
and/or maintenance crew, staff.

e) The TC instructors monitor the trainees’ performance through spot checks,


and sign in BPTL for the tasks they have checked.

f) After the completion of each phase of the basic practical training, the trainees
present their BPTL to their TC instructor(s) who confirms that the particular
phase has been satisfactorily completed.
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g) For the practical training on each of the above Modules, an appropriate


instructor is assigned to each group of trainees, with the responsibility to
generate the list of practical training tasks, to plan and to coordinate with the
involved workshops and/or maintenance facilities, as per Procedure 2.4, and
to monitor the execution of the planned practical training, ensuring the
minimum duration of training for each Module is achieved, as stated in the
abovementioned Table 2, PART 2.0, for each trainee.

5.1. A Basic Practical Training Logbook (BPTL) is issued to each trainee. The
instructor(s) or the supervisory staff responsible for the particular Part-145
AMO function in which the training is conducted, confirm the completion of
each task by signing for the tasks in the BPTL.

5.2. For every Module a separate block of BPTL sheets is issued containing a
reference to the specific sub module for each task, a description of the specific
task, and the (training) objective of the task, i.e. what the trainee must
accomplish.

5.3. After the completion of each training phase the trainees present their BPTL to the
responsible instructor for evaluation of the accomplished training. If considered
satisfactory, a practical assessment is arranged.

5.4. If the accomplished training is not considered satisfactory, or after failure in a


practical assessment, then further extension and/or more practical tasks may
be given to the particular practical training element. Copies of each trainee’s
BPTL are filed in records TC.

5.5. Each group of trainees will not exceed 15 persons, per assessor.

5.6. In case of any difficulties encounter during the performance of Theoretical or


Practical training, the instructor conducting the course should immediately
notify the Training Manager and the latter immediately to notify the
Accountable Manager. A solution should be suggested by the Accountable
Manager and implemented within two days. Should the above not materialise,
the course is postponed until a solid rectification is implemented.

5.7. Structure of BPTL

The BPTL consists of three different sheets which are compiled into one at the
completion of the training:

- BTPL SUMMARY (FORM IKTC – 50) This form is a summary of the specific
BTPL Sheets
- BTPL WORKSHOPS (FORM IKTC – 50W) This form contains the details of
each task performed within the workshops
- BTPL MAINTENANCE ENVIRONMENT (FORM IKTC – 50A) This form
contains the details of each task performed in the aircraft maintenance
environment.
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5.8 Process of BPTL

The instructor involved plans for the BPTL, by considering the training needs as
analysed under Chapter 2 of the TPRM, the Workshops or Maintenance
Environment availability and the “BASIC PRACTICAL TRAINING ELEMENT –
TASK ANALYSIS” needs as stipulated under Chapter 2 of the TPRM. The
instructor checks that the completed element training corresponds to the TNA
and is reflected in the trainee’s BPTL.

In addition to the above, reference shall be made to PART 3.7.C of this MTOE, which
details the process of assessing the trainees.

END

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2.6 RECORDS OF TRAINING CARRIED OUT

1. For every training course conducted by the TC the following documents, which
constitute the records of the training carried out, are produced:
2. For each course, the Administrator issues a “Training Order” (TO) FORM IKTC –
40 specific to the particular course.
3. Once the TO is issued, the administrator generates the necessary papers and
compiles a folder for the use of the Instructors, trainees, TrM, QM:
- Application for Examination Form – FORM IKTC - 43
- Registry Of Training/Exam Order (M/T/G) – FORM IKTC – 40B, which includes:
Issue Date, Code No., Training date, Course, Description, Instructor, Location,
Status, Signature
- Training/Examination Order Check List – FORM IK – 40A, which includes: Serial
No., Training date, Issue date, Training subject, Location, Name of Form, Code,
Instructor’s File, Status, Circulation, Notification, Signature.
- Examination/Classroom Audit/Assessment Form – FORM IKTC – 59
- Trainee’s Attendance Report (M/T/G) – FORM IKTC – 41
- Student’s Feedback Questionnaire – FORM IKTC - 42

Certain of the above FORMs are crossed referred as necessary for the purpose of
data and information tracking.

4. If changes arise, a supplementary Training Order is issued stating the specific


changes (e.g. changes of instructors, changes in course dates, etc.).
5. During the performance of a theoretical training course, each trainee’s hours of
attendance in the course are recorded by the course instructors on the “Trainees’
Attendance Report”.
6. In the cases of basic or type practical training, the trainee’s Practical Training
Logbooks and Practical Assessment Sheets are also part of the training records.
7. The TrM has access to the trainees’ records in hard copy or electronic format. A
back-up of the electronic copies is performed on a daily basis via the server.
8. Each trainee’s training record contains information for all the training he has
undertaken such as full or modular basic training, type training, practical training,
continuation training or specialised courses. The stored data include the title and
the duration of the course.

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9. In addition to item 3 above, a supplementary Training Order covers specifically


for future scheduling of any chapter/subjects of a particular course not covered
or conducted as per the schedule.
10. All individual trainees records are found in the TO or EO as explained above.
However, for ease of direct access to any trainee’s records, a separate
electronic folder called “Trainees records” with name allocations is prepared
and kept by the administrator. This electronic folder is regularly reviewed by the
TrM for verification

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2.7 STORAGE OF TRAINING RECORDS

1. As stated in 147.A.125 all trainee training records are safely stored and kept
electronically for an indefinite period following the completion of the particular
training course.
2. After the completion of a training course, the administrator assembles the file
(hard copy) of the training carried out by collecting all the relative and relevant
documentation as specified in Procedure 2.6. The documents are packed in an
easily understandable format.
3. The TrM reviews the above paperwork and once satisfied, he stores in the
specific location within the Records & data Room (Training/Exam Orders
Records).
4. The trainee’s Practical Training Logbooks and Practical Assessment Sheets,
either for basic or type training, are kept in storage too.
5. Electronic copies of all Certificates issued to the trainees are also filed in the
appropriate electronic folder.
6. Each year, the TrM performs the task of ensuring that the records are retained in
a good condition.
7. At the occasion where the build-up of hard copy papers in the specific locations
within the Records & Data Room becomes “large”, the TrM arranges for the hard
copies to be scanned and stored electronically and the original papers to be
destroyed.
8. Storage of records at ATH facilities – the records shall be kept at designated and
secure areas within the facilities. There is no need to keep records at other
“outstations”, as the records will be forwarded immediately upon readiness to
IKAROS.
- The responsible persons storing the data shall ensure that the stored material
remains in safe, secure and good condition.
- Stored records shall reach IKAROS the soonest possible.
9. The TrM is the responsible person within IKAROS for ensuring that the hard and
electronic copies of ALL records are kept safe.

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2.8 TRAINING AT LOCATIONS NOT LISTED UNDER PAPAGRAPH 1.6

1. IKAROS have a long-standing cooperation with other organisations/airlines. A


form of this cooperation is the supply of training to other companies. Such
courses may be delivered either in IKAROS or at the customer’s premises.
2. The TrM receives all requests for training and co-ordinates with the interested
parties for the particulars of the training course to be delivered.
3. When the TrM receives a request for training by a customer, he establishes if the
course can be delivered by referring to the current Revision of TPRM.
4. If the training course is within the capabilities of the TC, the TrM then establishes
if and when, it has the necessary resources, to complete it.
5. Courses can be customised to satisfy customer’s specific requests, provided it
remains within the context of Part-66 and PART - 147.
6. The TrM is responsible to contact the customer and ensure that the following
requirements of PART – 147 are satisfied:
6.1 For theoretical training, both basic and type/task, 147.A.100 (a), (b), (c)
and (i) and 147.A.115 (a).
6.2 In case the subject facilities are used by a Training Organisation as
training examination classroom, the facilities can be initially approved provided
that full detailed description of the facility, supported with recent photos is
provided to IKAROS TC, for evaluation by the Quality Manager.
6.3 The facility has undergone an audit and found to be satisfactory during a
period not more than 24 months prior to the starting date of the training and the
relevant audit report is provided to IKAROS TC.
6.4 This audit covers all the aspects of IKAROS requirements. In different
case an IKAROS Audit Form is provided to the contracted organisation and an
additional audit is carried.
6.5 The facility or its usage has not been altered since last audit.
6.6 The final approval is given by the IK instructor following an audit carried
out at last one day before the starting date of the training.
6.7 In case the facility is not dedicated for usage as Training Facility by a
Training Organisation, an Audit as per Check List IKCL-01x should be carried out
by an IKAROS qualified Auditor.
6.8 For practical training or assessment:
i. Basic training, 147.A.100 (d) and 147.A.115 (b) and (c)
ii. Type/Task training, 147.A.100 (e) and 147.A.115 (d)
7. Once arrangements have been finalised, the TrM proposes to the Accountable
Manager, the delivery of the training course, including the financial aspects.
8. The Accountable Manager gives the final approval for the training course to be
delivered and the financial fee, for it.
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9. In the cases of practical training/assessment, TrM sends instructor(s) to


customer’s facility for the duration of the training. The instructor ensures that
paragraph 5 of Procedure 2.4 is appropriately applied.
10. The TrM will notify the DCA in advance, in case IKAROS has to conduct training
at non approved or listed facility locations.
11. This procedure applies for conducting basic knowledge training, practical and
exams (Ref Part 2.16.1) and aircraft type Theoretical Element trainings.

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2.9 ORGANISATION OF EXAMINATIONS


1. The TC organises examinations under its PART - 147 approval, in English
language as follows:
1.1 For Basic Licence Modules, on pre-set dates.
1.2 After completion of training courses as described in 2.0 (1).
1.3 The examinations on behalf on the Competent Authority, including the
examinations for trainees that did not attend the basic or aircraft type rating
course at IKAROS TC.

2. Basic training examinations or Part of Basic training (module) examinations are


organised, in accordance with Part-66 Appendix III – Basic Examination
Standard. They cover a representative cross section of subjects from the
particular module of training completed.
3. Type training examinations are organised in accordance with Part-66 Appendix
III.
4. The TC also organises basic examinations of trainees who did not attend an
approved training course with IKAROS.
5. ,The basic examination element covers a representative cross section of the
subject training in the subcategories A, B1-all and B2 as per Part 147.A.200 (c)
6. The location of examinations is as specified under Part 1.6 of this MTOE.
However, examinations can be conducted outside the above facilities, in
accordance with Part 147.A145 and procedure 2.16, as described in this MTOE.
7. An “APPLICATION FOR EXAMINATION” form, (Form IKTC – 43), must be filled
up and signed by any candidate participating to Basic and/or Type training
examinations. The form, contains a statement to comply with the requirements
of Part 66 Appendix II, paragraph 1.11.
8. An “Examination Order & Attendance Report” Form IKTC – 44 is issued for every
examination conducted by the TC, containing the identification particulars of the
candidates sitting the exam.
9. In case an examination participant does not appear to sit an examination (“no-
show”), he must resubmit to the TC an “Application for Examination” with the
associated examination fees.
10. The TC Examination Result Form (FORM IKTC - 45) are kept in Records. The
FORM IKTC - 45 is not obligatory for Part 145 and component trainings.
11. FORM IKTC – 40A “Training/Examination Order Check List (M/T/G)” is used as a
means of assurance that all relevant paperwork is completed as necessary,
against the check list.
12. The examinations are conducted without the use of any training material.

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13. Disqualification of Candidates


a) Any candidate found during an examination to be cheating, or in possession of
material pertaining to the examination subject (other than the examination
papers and/or associated authorised documentation) is disqualified from
taking the examination and he cannot be accepted by the TC for any
examination for at least twelve (12) months after the date of incident.
b) The TrM submits detailed information of any such incident to the DCA within
one calendar month.
14. Disqualification of Invigilators
a) Any Invigilator found during an examination, to be providing question answers
to any candidate being examined is disqualified from acting as an examiner/
invigilator and the examination is declared void.
b) The TrM submits detailed information of any such incident to the DCA within
one calendar month.
c) It is the privilege of the Competent Authority to determine when or if the
disqualified examiner/invigilator may be reinstated.

15. In case any of the candidates is current or former IKAROS personnel,


appropriate measures are taken to ensure that the questions to be used were
never accessed in the past by the candidate.

END

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2.10 SECURITY AND PREPARATION OF EXAMINATION MATERIAL

1. The HoE is responsible for the security of the TC’s Examination Questions. He keeps
the electronic Question Bank (QB) secure on his computer and a second backup file
of it, on a different media. Both are electronically locked for security reasons.
Examination papers are also considered sensitive material. Examination papers that
are printed before the examination date are handled by the HoE personally. Old
examination papers are kept in Records and Data Room until they are transferred to
electronic format and destroyed.
All this material is available to other IKAROS personnel if and only this is necessary
for exercising their duties.

2. GENERAL - The HoE is responsible for the generation of the exam questions. He
keeps a record of the personnel assigned as Examiners / Instructors / Assessors
for each particular task, via FORM IKTC – 40 (A,B). Also, FORM IKTC – 44
(Examination Order & Attendance Report) clearly indicates each of the above
nominees.
He can delegate the task to the relevant examiners, which they shall consider for the
current PART 66 requirements in terms of the syllabus, content and level of coverage
for each question.
The number of questions shall be as per Part-66 Appendix II for Basic Knowledge
Examination and at least 1 question per hour of instruction for Type Training
Examinations. The number of questions for each chapter shall be proportionate to:
— the effective training hours spent teaching at that chapter and level,
— the learning objectives as given by the training needs analysis.

a) The questions comply with the relative Part-66 Appendices I, II and III
requirements, and are in accordance with GM 66.B.200.
b) For basic training examinations, the examiners review and update any MCQ
that require updating. Whenever there is:
 any revision of the Basic Knowledge syllabus, as per Part-66 Appendix I
 any revision of the training manuals
 any revision of the regulation, (Modules 10 and Module 7.20)
all of the questions that might be affected are checked and revised if
necessary. This action is recorded
c) New questions that are generated by the examiners, before being included in
the Question Bank are check by the HoE for similarity or other relation with the
existing questions. If any relation with other question(s) is identified, both (all)
questions are marked and are not used together in the same examination.
d) For basic training examinations, the instructors / examiners raise new essay
questions when, needed. The used essay questions are kept in an essay
tracking list. When an essay is withdrawn is clearly marked “REMOVED” on
the tracking list.

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 HoE and one of the TC’s instructor/examiner review independently the new
essay questions and their respective model answers.
3. The HoE prepares the examination question sets.
He must take into account the frequency of usage of each question in past
examinations by checking the essay tracking list.
The HOE also prepares the associated Multiple Choice Questions Model Answer
Sheet (MCQ) – FORM IKTC – 46A and the Essay Question Model answer & Key
Areas Sheet FORM IKTC - 48, when such questions are required. The above are
composed and completed by the examiner on the Questions Compliance Check List
FORM IKTC – 71 and the Exams Paper Summary Report which is generated via the
QBG.
4. The examiners review the relative Part-66 examination standards. They are
responsible for the integrity of the examinations by ensuring:
a) The implementation of the Basic examination standards specified in the Part-66
Appendices I and II, for the selection of the relative questions.
b) The implementation of the Type examination standards specified in Appendix III
of Part-66, for the selection of the relative questions.
5. The whole process of preparation of the examination sets takes place in the HoE
office area.
a) During this process, only the appointed examiners and the TC’s management
personnel may enter the room.
b) The HoE validates the prepared sets via FORM IKTC – 71 and the Exams
Paper Summary Report, when the questions are generated via the QBG
(Question Bank generator).
c) The examination sets are kept on the HOE’s computer under his responsibility.
d) In case of examinations that are performed at locations not identified in the
approval certificate, the DCA selects the questions for the examination. In this
case the preparation of the examination questions set takes place either:
- At IKAROS facilities with the present of DCA officer
- At DCA facilities with the present of IKAROS HoE.
6. The sets are reproduced as near to the examination’s date, as practically possible.
a) The reproduction is done under the responsibility and in the presence of the
appointed examiner, or TC’s management personnel.
b) The copies are secured in the Records & Data room, until the relative
examination is conducted.
7. Except when examinations are to be conducted, no questions from the TC’s EQ are
allowed to be out of the Records & Data room. If such an incident occurs, then the
question(s) is removed from the TC’s EQ and the causes are investigated. The
Accountable Manager is kept informed of such incidents and the results of the
investigation. Personal liability for such incidents instigates the appropriate
disciplinary action.
8. The Questions Data Bank involves a continues process where any past questions
are “Analysed” as per Part 3.3 and reviewed against their Category, sub-module,
level and correct answer.

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9. In principle, the Instructor associated with the generation of exam questions


SHOULD NOT be involved with the specific course.

10.Examinations Abroad – IKAROS has employed new procedures whereby for any
examinations abroad, the following is adhered, in order to safeguard the security of
the examinations:
- A person from the IKAROS permanent or part time staff appointed by the HoE,
departs as close as practicable to the exams date, for the exams destination.
- He carries with him a sealed and signed envelope, which includes the exam
papers.
- At the completion of the examination, he collects all papers, ensures that all
paperwork is correctly completed, he signs the completed exam papers and
returns the sealed and signed envelop to the base.
- Paragraph 2.12. further refers. END

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2.11 PREPARATION OF THE EXAMINATION ROOM

1. The TC’s Examination Room, (ER) described in Part 1 (1.8 General Description
of Facilities), is the dedicated room for the examinations of approved courses.
2. It is the responsibility of the invigilator to make sure, before the start of the
examination, that the ER is prepared so that the integrity of the examinations is
protected.
3. He checks that the candidates’ desks are arranged in single rows, separated by
enough distance between them, in such a way that the candidates cannot read
each other’s examination papers.
4. If, however, in any particular examination there are more than 15 candidates (e.g.
candidates for examinations described in Procedure 2.9, paragraph 1.1) the TrM
will decide if:
a) The candidates shall be split into groups and sit the examinations in the ER at
different times, but consecutively. In this case, the TC must ensure the
segregation of the outgoing with the incoming trainees.
b) Other classrooms shall be used complementary to ER, for the examinations, if
required. In this case again, there will be only one candidate seated per
trainee’s desk, irrespective of it being single or double desk, so that the
candidates cannot read each other’s examination papers.
c) In case of need for additional invigilators appropriate staff, can be used for
assistance. When exams are performed on customer’s facilities, additional
invigilators, can be used from customer’s personnel to support IKAROS
invigilator, to meet the requirements of MTOE part 2 paragraph 2.12.
Invigilators should be accepted as per MTOE part 3.
5. Before the candidates enter the room, the invigilator ensures that there is not any
other material in the examination room, except the material pertaining to the
examination, i.e. only the candidates’ examination sets, and any specific
documentation needed for type examinations. The invigilator also checks for
Form IKTC-59 completion.
6. Examinations Abroad – The assigned person visiting the site, has the
responsibility to ensure that all of the above are adhered to.

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2.12 CONDUCT OF EXAMINATIONS

1. An invigilator assigned by the HoE has the oversight responsibility of the


examination process.
2. In order to assist the invigilator during the conduct of a particular examination, one
or more (if more than one examination rooms are used) persons as assigned by
the HoE, can act as invigilators. Also when exams are performed on customer’s
facilities, invigilators can be used from customer’s organisation, if accepted by the
HoE.

A. Before The Start of the Exams

- The invigilator audits the examination room and completes FORM IKTC – 59A
- He/She checks the “EO” against the number and names of candidates
- He/She amends the “EO” as necessary
- He/She assigns the classroom/s to be used for the examination
- He/She assigns the seating position of the candidates as per the associated
examination room drawing (FORM IKTC – 59A)
- The candidates enter the room at the pre-set time and sit one at each desk, at
their pre-assigned position. Upon entering the room they hand to the examiner or
the invigilator their mobile telephones and any other materials (notes, books, etc)
that may put to dispute the integrity of the examination.
- The door is closed and no candidate is allowed to enter or leave the room
- The candidates take their positions and each candidate receives a set of the
Examination Answer Sheet
- The invigilator checks their name and details against the completed answer
sheets (FORMs IKTC - 46 and 47) – “completed” means the fields that the
candidates fill their personal details.
- He checks the candidates ID/Passport against their name and face and collects a
copy of the ID/Passport.
- The invigilator informs the candidates of the examination process, their
responsibilities and the duration of the examination, as per the specified duration
for basic module examinations, or the number of questions used for type training
(duration times being pre-calculated according to Part-66, Appendix III,
paragraph 3.1). After answering procedural questions from the candidates, the
examiner / invigilator opens the relevant examination envelop and distributes the
examination questions papers to the candidates and declares the start of the
examination process and informs the candidates of the exact completion time.

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B. During the Exams


- No candidate is allowed to leave the examination room and re-enter. On a
special occasion a candidate may leave the room for a few minutes provided that
he is accompanied by an authorised person while outside the room.
- If any queries arise during the examination process regarding the examination
questions, the inquiring candidate must express it openly so that all the other
candidates may hear it, and the examiner / invigilator must answer in the same
manner. All queries arise during the examination are recorded by the invigilator
on Form IKTC-21 and reviewed by the HoE after the examination, for revision as
required.
- It is the responsibility of the invigilator(s) that the candidates do not speak to each
other and that no candidate is allowed to cheat during the examination. In the
occurrence of such incident the candidate involved is banned from the room and
paragraph 7 of Procedure 2.9 is followed.
- Ten and five minutes before the end of the examination period, the invigilator
informs the candidates of the remaining time.
C. End of the Exams
- At the expiration of the time, the invigilator advises the candidates to stop writing
- They hand over to the examiner or the invigilator their examination answer sheet
and the examination questions set and any draft paper.
- The candidates leave the room and wait outside until the invigilator reviews the
relevant paperwork.
- If no inquiries arise, then the candidates are released
- He then inserts in an envelope the exam papers, he seals and signs and returns
it/them to the HOE upon arrival in the IKAROS Larnaca facilities.

3. To ensure the integrity of the examinations the HoE or TrM carries out spot checks
during the examination process. If an examiner, or an invigilator, is found to be
cheating, then the examination process is stopped and paragraph 8 of Procedure
2.9 is applied. The Accountable Manager is informed immediately of any such
incidents.
4. If an examiner or invigilator is accused of cheating, then the examination is
temporarily stopped and an on-the-spot investigation is carried-out by the TrM. If
the accusations are proven false, the examination restarts and its duration is
extended accordingly; the TrM decides if any further action is required. If the
accusations are confirmed, then paragraph 8 of Procedure 2.9 is applied. The
Accountable Manager is informed accordingly. In this case because the
examination must be declared void, a new examination is rescheduled for the
specific candidates, without any additional charges.
5. A failed module may not be retaken for at least 90 days following the date of the
failed module examination, except in the case the candidate is underdone a
course of retraining tailored to the failed subjects by IKAROS in the particular
module, when the failed module may be retaken after 30 days

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6. The maximum number of consecutive attempts for each module is three. Further
sets of three attempts are allowed with a 1 year waiting period between sets.

7. The applicant shall confirm in writing the number and dates of attempts during the
last year and the organisation or the competent authority where these attempts
took place.
8. IKAROS conducts examinations, only for the areas that has training approval from
the DCA, in accordance with Part 147.A.145(e), .
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2.13 CONDUCT OF BASIC PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT

1. The TC conducts basic practical assessments by nominated practical assessors,


as per 147.A.210. Also Form IKTC – 51 is completed for each trainee.
2. After confirmation of the completion of a practical basic training phase, by the
instructor, as per paragraph 3 & 4 of Procedure 2.5, the trainee may present his
BPTL to the HoE and request a practical assessment.
3. The TrM assigns a practical assessor who will coordinate with the workshops
and/or maintenance facilities involved in the assessment, and plan the
assessment schedule.
4. The practical assessor must select from the trainee’s BPTL a number of
representative tasks and compile a “Basic Practical Assessment Sheet” (BPAS)
(see Part 4). In order to perform an objective evaluation of the trainee’s skills and
capabilities, the assessor should include a sufficient number of tasks for the
assessment of a particular skill or capability (e.g. the ability to use special tools,
or manuals, or for tidiness and neatness of work, etc.).
5. The practical assessor, must state in the column “Task Objective” of the BPAS,
what capabilities or skills of the trainee is each task intended to assess,
according to the criteria of paragraph 7 below. In order to perform an objective
evaluation of the trainee’s skills and capabilities, the assessor should include
more than one task, designed to assess a particular skill or capability (e.g. the
ability to use special tools, or manuals, or for tidiness and neatness of work, etc).
6. The practical assessment is conducted in the actual maintenance environment.
The practical assessor dates and signs on the BPAS each task that the trainee
completes marking Yes or No for a pass on non-pass in the appropriate column.
The assessor may ask a trainee to repeat a task in order to form a clear
judgment of his abilities.
7. An assessed pass is granted to the trainee when the practical assessor is
satisfied that the trainee meets the criteria of 147.A.200 (e). Which means that:
a) The trainee must demonstrate his capability to use relevant
tools/equipment/test equipment as specified by the manufacturers and the use
of Maintenance Manuals in that the trainee can carry out the required
inspection/testing without missing any defects, can readily identify the location
of components and is capable of correct removal/fitment/adjustment of such
components. The trainee is only required to carry out enough
inspection/testing and component removal/fitment/adjustments to prove
capability.
b) The trainee must also show an appreciation of the need to ensure clean
working conditions and the observance of safety precautions for him and the
product.
c) In addition, the trainee must demonstrate a responsible attitude in respect to
flight safety and airworthiness of the aircraft.
d) The assessor must always perform his specific task by considering for the
“competence” of the trainee, as described under Part 2.19.D.

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8. After the completion of a practical assessment, the practical assessor discusses


with the trainee the tasks that he has failed, and analyses what was expected to
perform during the task.
9. An intermediate evaluation of the results each trainee has obtained is carried out
by the HoE with the instructor and the practical assessor to determine if any
corrective actions have to be taken concerning the practical training programme
of each trainee.
10. When the practical assessment of a whole Module has been completed, the TrM
and the instructor perform the final evaluation of each trainee’s results.
11. A trainee is granted an overall PASS in a Module when he has successfully
passed over ¾ of the total assessed tasks for the Module.
12. Each case of failure to obtain an overall pass in a particular Module is further
discussed to decide whether the trainee could be assessed again in due time, or
should receive additional practical training in the failed topics and be re-
assessed.
13. The basic practical assessment is conducted during the basic training course by
the nominated practical assessor, at the completion of each visit period to the
practical workshop or maintenance facility.

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2.14 MARKING AND RECORD OF EXAMINATIONS

1. After the completion of the examinations as per Procedure 2.12, the HoE or a
“Marker” assigned by the HoE, marks the candidates’ examination answer sheets
using the associated MCQ answer matrix already prepared as per paragraph 2 of
Procedure 2.10. If essay questions have been included in the examination then
the associated model answer sheets are also used. The whole process takes
place in the office area under the supervision of the HoE.
2. For the marking of the MCQ, the maximum attainable mark of 100 is divided by
the total number of questions, so that each question has the same marking
value.
3. A person assigned by the HoE or the TrM, marks the essay questions. Each key
point of the question’s model answer sheet is graded upon its importance and
has a point weighting allocated to it. The total weight of the key points represents
60% of the question’s total mark. Each answer is analysed and variations on
alternative answers, not being thought of by the examiner, are taken into
account. If relevant, the model answer is amended to include these new points.
Each question answer is also analysed for the clarity and the manner in which
the essay report is presented and this has a weighting allocated to it which
represents the remaining 40% of the total mark.
4. The mark each candidate attains is written on the candidate’s associated
examination answer sheet. The candidate must attain a minimum mark of 75%,
to pass the MCQ examination. The candidate must attain a minimum of 75% of
the essay marking (or each essay marking when more than one) to pass an
essay examination.
5. Both the MCQ and the essay examination should be passed by the candidate in
order to get the relevant Module credit. In each of the above (2) and (3) cases, in
order to pass the examination.
6. Examination records consist of the relative Examination Order, the candidates’
answer sheets with a sample question set, the answer matrix and/or the essay
questions model answer sheets.
7. The marking of each candidate is revised if affected by a question found to be
incorrect, due to a query raised during the examination or during analysis of the
examination according to MTOE 3.3
8. The examination results of every candidate are recorded by the TrM in electronic
format. Electronic backups are preformed every 24hrs by the server.
9. Each trainee’s examination record contains information of all the examinations
and/or practical assessments he/she has undertaken, including the dates each of
these took place and the mark he has achieved.
10. In most of the cases, an EO will be associated with a TO. As such, the procedure for recording and keeping the
examination papers and results is directly associated with the procedure for recording and keeping the TOs as
described under Part 2.6 and 2.7 of this MTOE.
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2.15 STORAGE OF EXAMINATION RECORDS

1. PART - 147.A.125 requires that all trainee examination and assessment records
are safely stored and kept for an unlimited period of time, following the
completion of the particular training course.
2. The examination records mentioned in paragraph 5 of Procedure 2.14 are stored
in the Records & Data Room as hard copies.
3. Examination sample question set and/or the essay questions model answer
sheets are considered confidential material and are kept separate from other
examination records in a locker. Only HoE has access to this records.
4. Once the paperwork has been completed and checked as completed, the records
are scanned and kept in electronic format (with two backups), for an unlimited
period of time.
5. Electronic copies of the Examination sample question set and/or the essay
questions model answer sheets are electronically locked and are accessible by
HoE only.

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2.16 EXAMINATIONS AT LOCATIONS NOT LISTED IN PARAGRAPH 1.6

1. The TC may conduct examinations at locations other than its listed facilities,
depending on the customer, the demand and the capacity, ONLY subject to a
prior approval of such facility by the Quality Manager.
2. In case the subject facilities are used by a Training Organisation as Examination
Classroom, the facilities can be initially approved provided that:
2.1 Full detailed description of the facility, supported with recent photos is
provided to IKAROS TC for evaluation by the Quality Manager.
2.2 The facility has undergone an audit and found to be satisfactory during
period not more than 24 months prior to the starting date of the training
and the relevant audit report is provided to IKAROS TC.
2.3 This audit covers all the aspects of IKAROS requirements. In different
case an IKAROS Audit Form is provided to the contracted organisation
and an additional audit is carried.
2.4 The facility or its usage has not been altered since last audit.
2.5 The final approval is given by IKAROS invigilator following an audit,
carried out at least one day before the conduct date of the examination.
3. In case the facility is not dedicated for usage as Training Facility by a Training
Organisation, an Audit in accordance to IKTC-1x, should be carried out by an
IKAROS qualified Auditor.
4. When a satisfactory audit has been conducted as per paragraph 3, IKAROS TC
can re-conduct examination at the same facility, during the 24 months following
the audit date, provided that its original usage has not been changed.
5. The TrM ensures that the customer can provide acceptable facility for the
conduct of examinations, and the customer agrees that if the IKAROS invigilator,
who will conduct the examinations, decides that the facility does not guarantee
the integrity of the examinations; the examinations are postponed until corrective
action is taken.
6. If the candidates for the examination are more than fifteen (15) then two (2)
invigilators are conducting the examination, or the candidates are separated into
groups of less than fifteen (15).
6.1 When an examination requires a second invigilator due to the number of
candidates being over 15, the IKAROS “master” invigilator can nominate a
local IKAROS instructor to act as the “secondary” invigilator.
7. The selection of the examination questions is performed by the DCA as
described in Procedure 2.10. The copies of the examination sets are secured in
the Records & Data Room and the examiner(s) collects them on the eve of his
departure for the customer’s facility.

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8. Before the examination, the invigilator(s) inspects the room provided for the
examination and requests any changes necessary to ensure the integrity of the
examinations.
9. When satisfied that equivalent to the TC’s standards (see Procedure 2.11) are
attained the invigilator(s) proceeds to conduct the examinations as per Procedure
2.12.
10. After completion of the examination, the invigilators collect and secure the
examination papers until their return to the TC where they are marked as per
Procedure 2.14.
11. The customer is formally informed of the examination results, not more than 30
days after the completion of the exam.
12. The examination records are stored by the TrM as per Procedure 2.15.

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2.17 PREPARATION, CONTROL AND ISSUE CERTIFICATES

A. BASIC KNOWLEDGE CERTIFICATES

1. Basic training course certificates as per EASA Form 148 are issued in
accordance with Part 147 Appendix III, to the trainees who have successfully
completed the associated training.
2. The TrM is responsible to check individual trainee’s training records in order to
confirm that the training has been properly carried out, that all the prerequisites
for the issue of the appropriate course certificate have been fulfilled, and that all
the training standards pertaining to the course have been kept throughout the
course.
3. The Training/Examination Order Check List (M/T/G), (Form IKTC – 40A) is the
primary indication as to whether all the relevant paperwork has been properly
completed. Before the issue of any certificates, the TrM ensures that the subject
form and its associated paperwork is properly and fully completed.
4. The TrM also reviews each trainee’s attendance records. Any trainee found to
have an attendance record less than 90% of the total, will not be issued with the
relevant certificate.
5. The TrM receives and checks all relative to the training course records
appropriately completed and signed by the responsible staff.
6. Before a certificate is issued, the TrM receives the trainee’s BPTL and
crosschecks with his Basic Assessment Sheets that he has been assessed on
sufficient number of representative tasks.
7. After the TrM has confirmed, through the relative training records that the trainee
is entitled to a “Basic Training Course Certificate” the certificate is issued and
signed by the TrM.
8. Each certificate issued by the TC has its own unique certificate number and the
TCs stamp. The Administrator maintains a database of all certificates.
9. The TC keeps electronic copies of all issued certificates, with a backup.
10. IKAROS has established a means of recognising authenticity to its issued
certificates, by giving each certificate a unique coded Serial Number

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B. TYPE TRAINING COURSE CERTIFICATES


1. Type training course Certificates of Recognition as per EASA Form 149 are
issued to the trainees who have successfully completed the associated theoretical and
successfully pass the examination and/or successfully completed the practical training
and being successfully assessed in accordance with the requirements of Part 66
Appendix III.
2. The appropriate references shall be deleted as applicable and the course type
box shall detail whether only the theoretical elements or the practical elements were
covered or whether theoretical and practical elements were covered.
3. The TrM is responsible to check individual trainee’s training records in order to
confirm that the training has been properly carried out, that all the prerequisites for the
issue of the appropriate course certificate have been fulfilled, and that all the training
standards pertaining to the course have been kept throughout the course.
4. The Training/Examination Order Check List (M/T/G), (Form IKTC – 40A) is used
as a check list to verify that all the relevant paperwork has been properly completed.
Before the issue of any certificates, the TrM ensures that the subject form and its
associated paperwork is properly and fully completed.
5. The TrM also reviews each trainee’s attendance records. Any trainee found to
have an attendance record less than 90% of the total, will not be issued with the
relevant certificate.
6. The TrM receives and checks all relative to the training course records
appropriately completed and signed by the responsible staff.
7. Before a certificate is issued, the TrM verifies that sufficient number of
representative tasks have been performed in the trainee’s Type PTL and crosschecks
with his Assessment Sheets that he has pass assessment.
8. After the TrM has confirmed, through the relative training records that the trainee
is entitled to a “Type Training Course Certificate of Recognition” the certificate is issued
and signed by the TrM.
9. Each certificate issued by the TC has its own unique certificate number and the
TCs stamp. The Administrator maintains a database of all certificates.
10. The TC keeps electronic copies of all issued certificates, with a backup.
11. IKAROS has established a means of recognising authenticity to its issued
certificates, by giving each certificate a unique coded Serial Number
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2.18 CONTROL OF SUB-CONTRACTORS

1. As per 147.A.145 (d) the TC, may sub-contract basic or type training and
examinations, to a non-maintenance training organisation, as follows:
a. The sub-contracting of basic theoretical training and examination is limited to Part
66, Appendix I, and Modules 1 to 6 and 8 to 10.
b. The sub-contracting of type training and examination is limited to power plant and
avionics systems.

2. For the duration of the training and/or examination, the TC’s PART - 147
approval is temporarily extended to the facilities, personnel and procedures of the
sub-contracted organisation involved with the TC’s trainees, and it is the TC’s
responsibility to make sure of compliance by placing them under the control of its
quality system.
3. Any contract between the TC and potential sub-contractor shall contain a:
a) Provision for the DCA, to have the right of access to the sub-contractor for a
visit or an audit, at an agreed timing.
b) Provision for the sub-contractor to inform the TC of any change that may
affect its PART - 147 approval, before any such change takes place.
c) Provision for ad-hoc checks by the TC QM and auditors.
d) Clause enabling the pre-audit and subsequent yearly audits of the sub-
contractor.
e) Clause allowing the TC to postpone or terminate the contract, if the sub-
contractor is found at any time, to be in non-conformity with relative PART -
147 and Part-66 requirements.
4. Before a contract is signed with a potential sub-contractor, an auditor and an
instructor and/or examiner visit the organisation under consideration, to discuss
the relative PART - 147 and Part-66 requirements and evaluate its ability to apply
them.
5. Before training or examination is conducted by a sub-contractor, a pre-audit is
carried out to establish compliance with the relative standards of PART - 147 and
Part-66 by the auditors.
6. The sub-contractor is obliged to fill all appropriate TC forms.
7. The sub-contracted instructors perform all theoretical training and examinations,
either at IKAROS facilities or at its own facility, or at customer’s premises
following the relevant MTOE procedures 2.8 or 2.16, as appropriate.
8. Practical training and practical assessments take place where sub-contractor or
IKAROS has made access arrangements. Such facilities include workshops,
tools, equipment, and available aircraft parts and airplanes.
9. For practical training on aircraft types, sub-contracted instructors and practical
assessors will perform such training and/or assessments on customer’s aircraft
following the relevant procedures 2.8 and 2.13.

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10. During the execution of the contract, the TC’s staff shall visit the sub-contractor’s
facility to verify compliance and evaluate effectiveness of training/examinations.
11. In the cases of long-term contracts, the sub-contractor is incorporated in the audit
schedule and appropriate audits are carried out in accordance with IKAROS
Quality System.
12. Any discrepancies found during the above (4) to (7) checks/audits are reported to
the TrM. The findings are evaluated and appropriate corrective actions and a
time frame to implement them, are recommended to the sub-contractor by the
QM. The TC’s staff and/or auditors (as appropriate), visit the sub-contractor to
verify proper implementation. The sub-contractor forwards to the TC:
a) Trainees’ training records
b) Candidates’ examination records

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2.19 AIRCRAFT TYPE TRAINING AND PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT

2.19.A - Aircraft Type Training Courses - General


1. Type training comprises of Theoretical and Practical training. The TC can offer
theoretical only, practical only or combined theoretical and practical training
courses for the aircraft types contained in its PART - 147 Approval Schedule.

2. Type training is organised, as per 147.A.300, in compliance with 66.A.45 and the
relative AMC 66.A.45 and GM 66.A.45. The content and the duration of the
theoretical and/or practical type/task training are established according to Part 66
Appendix III.

3. Type/Task training may take the form of the following courses, consisting of
theoretical and/or practical training for A, B1/B2 or C category certifying personnel:
3.1 General Familiarisation (Level 1), Ramp and Transit (Level 2), & Line and
Base Maintenance (Level 3) Training, as per Appendix ΙΙΙ of Part-66, are
inclusive aircraft type courses for C, A and B1/B2 category certifying personnel
respectively.

3.2 Airframe type training means type training including all relevant aircraft
systems and structure excluding the power plant.

3.3 Power plant type training means type training on the bare engine, including the
build-up to a quick engine change unit.

3.4 Avionics systems type training means type training on avionics systems
covered by, but not necessarily limited to, chapters 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 31, 33,
34, 42, 44, 45, 46, 73 & 77 or equivalent.

3.5 Engine/Airframe Systems Interface course meets the requirement to address


the subject for trainees who have received separate training on the airframe
and on the engine types as per AMC 147.A.300.

3.6 Reduced type training courses refer to aircraft type maintenance courses for
personnel who are already qualified on other aircraft types of similar
technology. The qualifications and the amount of reduction are established by
the aircraft type manufacturer.

3.7 Type Differences training courses are conducted for applicants who have
received training on one or more aircraft types and wish to be trained on other
aircraft types for which the manufacturers offer differences training courses.

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2.19.B - Aircraft Type Training Course - Theoretical Elements


1. The duration and the structure of the theoretical elements of a course for each
aircraft type, are specified in the last Revision of the TPRM, and are in
accordance with Part-66 Appendix III specifications as to the content of the
course and the level of training for each topic.
2. Theoretical training and examination shall comply, except as permitted by the
differences training described in point Part-66 Appendix III para 1.(c), with the
relevant elements defined in the mandatory part of the operational suitability
data established in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 or, if such
elements are not available, the standard described in point 3.1 of Part-66
Appendix III, and the type training examination standard described in point 4.1
of this Part-66 Appendix III.
3. TrM shall establish all the necessary arrangement with the aircraft Type
Certificate Holder for receiving the OSD.
4. The theoretical training is performed at IKAROS classrooms or at facilities
listed under Part 1.6. or at other facilities approved by IKAROS under the
relevant procedure 2.8. However, aircraft visits (field trips) may be utilised,
whenever practicable, for supplementary instruction during the theoretical
courses.
5. A trainee is accredited a Theoretical type training course when he/she
successfully completes the theoretical elements of a type training course
according to the conditions for “Successful completion of courses” specified in
this Part 2.0 of the MTOE, with regards to attendance and course progress
tests.
6. In addition to the above, IKAROS has implemented the TNA process within its
manuals and procedures, as described under paragraph 2.19.E of this Part.

2.19.C - Aircraft Type Training Course - Practical Elements


1. Practical Element training is conducted on aircraft that IKAROS has arranged
access for or on customer’s aircraft. If neither can provide an aircraft for the
practical training then access to a third party aircraft must be established.

2. DELETED.

3. Practical training and assessment shall comply with the following


requirements:
(i) Shall comply, except as permitted by the differences training
described in Part-66 Appendix III para 1.(c), with the relevant elements
defined in the mandatory part of the operational suitability data established in

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accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 or, if such elements are not
available, the standard described in point 3.2 of Part 66 Appendix III, ie at
least 50% of the crossed “X” items as illustrated under the table and the type
training assessment standard described in point 4.2 of Part 66 Appendix III.
(ii) Shall include a representative cross section of maintenance activities
relevant to the aircraft type.
(iii) Shall include demonstrations using equipment, components,
simulators, other training devices or aircraft.

4. For the practical training, each trainee receives from the TC, a Type Practical
Training Logbook (TPTL) containing representative tasks selected by a TC
instructor, taking into consideration the particular aircraft type, the AML
category and the trainee’s previous qualifications and experience. During the
practical training the instructor selects and assigns to the trainee to perform at
least 50% of the tasks of each chapter.

5. The TPTL (Form IKTC – 53) is divided into three parts: A. details of type
training, tasks, trainee, etc, B. details of Instructors and assessors performing
the tasks, C. details of Log Book tasks and assessments.

6. The TPTL contains reference to a Chapter / Sub-Chapter, description of each


task its reference to the AMM/CMM etc, Date and the involved Instructor.
Wherever relevant, the aircraft registration number, or the component serial
number, on which the task was performed is entered. The completed tasks
are dated and signed by the responsible instructor.

7. In addition to the above, IKAROS has implemented the TNA process within its
manuals and procedures, as described under paragraph 2.19.E of this Part.

8. Each group, shall not exceed the number of 15 trainees per instructor.

2.19.D - Practical Assessment


1. Practical assessments are arranged after the completion or during the type
practical training. A practical assessor is assigned to coordinate with the
workshops and/or maintenance facilities involved in the assessment and
schedule the assessment.

2. The assessor must select from the trainee’s TPTL a number of representative
tasks to perform the subject assessment.

3. In order to perform an objective evaluation of the trainee’s skills and


capabilities, the assessor should include more than one task for the

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assessment of a particular skill or capability (e.g. the ability to use special


tools, or manuals, or for tidiness and neatness of work, etc).
4. The practical assessment is conducted in the actual aircraft maintenance
environment or in the classroom for the tasks that can be covered in the class.
The practical assessor dates and signs on the TPTL each task that the trainee
completes marking pass or fail in the appropriate column. The assessor may
ask a trainee to repeat a task in order to form a clear judgment of his abilities.
5. An assessed pass is granted to the trainee when the assessor is satisfied that
the trainee meets the following criteria:
a) Properly discusses with confidence the aircraft and its systems.
b) Is capable to safely perform maintenance, inspections and routine work
according to the maintenance manual and other relevant instructions and
tasks as appropriate for the type of aircraft, for example troubleshooting,
repairs, adjustments, replacements, rigging, functional checks, etc, if
required
c) Correctly use all technical literature and documentation for the aircraft.
d) Correctly use specialist/special tooling test equipment, perform removal &
replacement of components and modules unique to type including any on-
wing maintenance activity.
A trainee is granted a pass mark during type practical assessment when he
successfully passes the 75% of the total assessed tasks of the practical
training. After the completion of each practical assessment, the assessor
should discuss with the trainee the tasks he failed, and analyses what was
expected to perform during the task.

6. An evaluation of the results each trainee obtained after the completion of each
practical training phase is carried out by the HoE with the instructor and the
practical assessor to determine if any corrective action has to be taken
concerning the practical training programme of each trainee.

7. A trainee is granted an overall PASS during type practical training when


he/she successfully passes all the practical phase assessments tasks for the
type. A trainee who fails a practical assessment may be re-assessed on the
failed tasks in due time.

8. Arrangements may be made to have TC instructors deliver full or part of


aircraft type theoretical and/or practical training and practical assessments, at
customer’s or other third party’s facilities by applying Procedure 2.8.

9. A certifying engineer must be present if the Instructor is not a certifying


engineer for the particular practical training.

10. The practical assessments are subject to audit by the QM as per PART 3.2.5.

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11. In addition to the above, reference shall be made to PART 3.7.C of this
MTOE, which details the process of assessing the trainees.

12. Theoretical and Practical element Type certificates are issued by the TC,
subject to satisfactory performance of the trainees as stipulated in Part
2.19.B, 2.19.C and 2.19D, above.

2.19.E – Type Rating Theoretical Training – TNA

1. INTRODUCTION

The holder of an aircraft license needs to have his license endorsed with the
relevant aircraft type rating so as to be able to exercise certification privileges. The
endorsement of aircraft type rating requires the satisfactory completion of the
relevant B1, B2 or C aircraft type rating.
The complete aircraft type training consists of theoretical training and examination
and practical training and assessment.
Theoretical training and examination must be conducted by a Maintenance
Training Organisation approved in accordance with Annex IV (Part-147) or by
other organisations, if already approved by DCA.

IKAROS has adopted the following procedure with regards to the TNA and
Extracts from the TNA for a Type shorter or longer course:
A. SHORTEST
- TPRM Type Courses are addressed in the TPRM at their highest level and
simplest version.
For example Airbus A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56) and Airbus
A319/A320/A321(V2500) B1/B2 Course is considered as the Master at the
highest Level.
- Should a need arise to perform a course either with less chapters or
Categories, or more, the TrM extracts from the above the required syllabus for
drafting the layout of the new “reduced” course.
- He prepares a new Course Analysis, and a Training Needs Analysis for the
Theoretical Element and similar for the Practical Element.
- The TrM submits the new syllabus to the DCA for approval
- The new course is kept in a “LPM - Local Procedures Manual” called IK “TNA
Extracts”, thus there is no need for TPRM revisions.
- In case the course need to be performed again, it will be revised prior use.

B. LONGEST
- Should the time allowed for training during any Theoretical and/or Practical
Element be higher than the approved TPRM durations, the TrM keeps records
and justified reasons for such increased duration, in the LPM.
- He informs the DCA of the additional time and reasons

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- The certificates related to the above reflect the actual (Not the approved TNA)
durations

2. REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

Appendix III of Part-66 requires that all the above type training courses should
justify their hour duration and coverage of full syllabus by a Training Needs
Analysis (TNA) for every aircraft/engine and License Category type.
Hence, the TNA shall be the main driver for determining the duration of the
course, regardless of whether it is above or below the minimum duration
described in Appendix III to Part-66.

3. TNA – “TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS”

3.1 Definitions

(a) TNA is the analysis of the target group (aircraft maintenance personnel)
against the competence definitions of their job to determine precise objectives
(knowledge, skills, attitudes)

(b) Competencies are general descriptions of the abilities needed to perform


aircraft maintenance.
There are three important functions that have an influence on a person’s
competency:
- Knowledge
- Skills
- Attitude
(c) Task families are the page blocks as defined in the ATA 100

(d) Item: an item may be an aircraft or a component. This can be a system, sub-
system, LRU, or component.

(e) Method of delivery: the way the course is delivered, which it could be:
- Self passed
- Instructor Led
- Training Device
- Aircraft

3.2 Objectives

(a) Overall Objective - the trainees, upon completion of type theoretical training
course, shall be able to demonstrate the detailed theoretical knowledge of the
aircraft’s applicable systems, structure, operations, maintenance, repair, and
troubleshooting according to approved maintenance data, to the levels identified
in the Appendix III of Part-66 syllabus,. The trainee should also be able to

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demonstrate the use of manuals and approved procedures, including the


knowledge of relevant inspections and limitations as a final result of the course.

(b) Unit Objective - the level of the ability of the trainees perform a task at the end
of the training of a unit or ATA chapter course or task

(c) Unit Tools - are the requirements necessary to be possessed / gain by


trainees to allow them to accomplish the “Unit Objective”.

3.3 TNA Break – down

3.3.1 A complete type training course consists of the Theoretical Elements and
the Practical Elements. The Theoretical Elements includes the in- classroom
theory delivery, final examinations and the aircraft visits (field trips).The TNA aims
to analyse the requirements of the Theoretical Elements only, giving a strong
statement of the necessary hours-duration required in order to accomplish the
above mentioned objectives. The analysis takes into account a variety of elements
such as aircraft type and complexity, Part-66 Appendix III requirements, a/c
manufacturer documents and publications, special tools and equipment, etc.
Other factors considered during the final production phase are:
(a) the max. number of training hours per day (not more than 6 hours), and,
(b) the minimum participation time for the trainee to meet the objectives of the
course which should not be less than 90% of the total tuition hours.

The TNA frame work is divided into 3 phases:

Phase 1 – collection of course information


Phase 2 – competency analysis to meet objectives
Phase 3 – production of course

3.3.2 Phase 1

The analysis commences with the collection of information in order to identify


areas and elements necessary to be included in the training course material, with
the following typical sequence:

(a) Selection of a/c type


(b) Selection of Category ( B1, B2, C) for type training
(c) Operational suitability data established in accordance with Regulation (EU) No
748/2012 or, if such elements are not available
(d) The standard described in point 3.1 of Part-66 Appendix III
(e) List of the ATA chapters associated to the specific a/c type
(f) List the sub ATA´s chapters associated to (e) above
(g) A typical selection of other items that are part of the (sub) ATA chapters, as
listed below and subject to availability by the operators when conducting
customised type rating courses for them:

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- MRB1 report / MPD2 – when available as part of operators customised type


Training courses
- Airworthiness Limitations
- Maintenance Manuals
- Troubleshooting Manual
- Structural Repair Manual
- IPC
- Airworthiness Directives and Service Bulletins

3.3.3 Phase 2

In phase 2 all the information collected for each ATA Chapter is broken down
specifying tasks (or group of tasks) and listing them by their individual level (1, 2
or 3).

For each task (or group of task) the “Unit Objective” is identified. A suggested
sequence could be:
(a) List of tasks for each ATA chapter, with grouping into “families” if necessary .
(b) Identify the “Unit Objective” for each task.
(c) Each “Unit Objective” is categorised per level (1, 2 or 3) based on the
Regulatory requirements (App. III of Part-66).

FOR EXAMPLE: ATA chapter 32-40-00


Unit Objective = Principle of Operation of Brake System
Level 3

3.3.4 Phase 3

This last phase, is the built up of the course. The course consists of the “Unit
Tools” for each Unit Objectives together with the practical tasks needed to support
the Unit Objectives. In this phase the necessary training method(s) are
specified in order to accomplish the above objectives and the needed time to
execute these training methods.

A typical sequence is:


(a) Identify the “Unit Tools” for each Unit Objective

(b) Specify the practical tasks necessary to support the above


Typical practical tasks could be:
- Activation / reactivation

- Removal / installation
- Testing
- Servicing
- Inspection, check and repairs
- Troubleshooting / diagnosis

1
Maintenace Review Board
2
Maintenance Planning Document
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(c) Specify the training method to accomplish the above, e.g.


- Assessment
- Oral
- Written examination

(d) Specify the required time (time length of each Unit Objective) to execute all the
above.

(e) Develop the course materials including examinations and assessments.

FOR EXAMPLE: ATA Chapter 32-40-00

•Unit Objective = Principle of Operation of Brake System Level 3

•Unit Tools =
- Brake system Components
- Diagrams
- Practical Tasks
- Time

4. REVIEWING / UPDATING OF THE TNA

A. The TNA is a dynamic process and it is reviewed/updated based on operational


feedback, maintenance occurrences, Airworthiness Directives, major service
bulletins impacting maintenance activities or requiring new competencies for
mechanics, alert service bulletins, feedback from trainees or customer
satisfaction, evolution of the maintenance documentation such as MRBs, MPDs,
MMs, etc.
B. REVIEWING TIMING - IKAROS policy is to review the TNA for all approved
type training courses, at least once a year.
Review is based on Instructors’ recommendations, trainees’ recommendations
received through questionnaires and on Manufacturers Documentation. IKAROS
has a long lasting cooperation with AOCs and AMOs through which has access to
approved manufacturers’ maintenance data.
After the completion of a Type course, the instructor submits to TrM the Training
Material/Syllabus Review form (IKTC-63A) with his/her suggestions. All
suggestions are evaluated by TrM with the contribution of the instructor. The TrM
has the authority to decide the immediate incorporation, the postponing for a later
time or to rejection of any suggestion.
END

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2.20 AIRCRAFT TYPE TRAINING EXAMINATIONS


1. Where type training is required, the written type examination must comply with
Part 66.A.45 and Appendix III point 4.1 and the following:
a) The examination questions will be of the multiple choice type.
b) Each multi choice question will have three alternative answers of which
only one is the correct.
c) The candidate should be allowed a nominal average time of 90 seconds
per question. The time for answering is based upon a nominal average of
120 seconds per level 3 question and 75 seconds per level 1 or level 2
questions.
d) The examination will always be closed book examination. No reference
material is permitted. Exceptions can only be made in the cases of
examining a B1 or B2 candidate’s ability to interpret technical documents.
e) The number of questions must be at least one question per hour of
instruction subject to a minimum of two questions per syllabus subject.
f) The level of each question will be at the same level as that to which the
particular subject it relates is taught according to the course syllabus.
g) The multi choice examination pass mark is 75%. Penalty marking is not
used.
h) End of phase examinations are recommended for courses of long duration
(over 40 hours). In these cases each examination set will contain the
correct number and level of question relative to the training phase it
examines.

2. A trainee is granted an Aircraft Type Training Certificate of Recognition when


he obtains an overall pass mark of 75% at the end of course examination. If
end of phase examinations are used instead, then the trainees must obtain a
pass mark of 75% in each phase examination. The content of the phase
examinations in each type training course are established before the start of
the course according to its schedule.

3. A candidate shall have started and completed a type training course within
three years preceding the application for a type rating endorsements. In
accordance to 1149/2011 Appendix III, paragraph 1(a) iv.

4. A trainee, who has completed a PART - 147 Aircraft Type Training Course,
but has failed the Aircraft Type Training Examination, receives a “Certificate of
Completion” for the training course only.

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5. Arrangements may be made to have the TC instructors conduct full or part of


Type Training Examinations at customer’s or other third party’s facilities by
applying Procedure 2.16.

END

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