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2017 NUTRITION GLOBAL PROFILE

Global www.globalnutritionreport.org

ECONOMICS AND DEMOGRAPHY

Poverty rates and GDP Under-5 mortality rate Population

GDP per capita (PPP$) Population (thousands) (n=193) 7,505,349 2017


14,865 2016 Under five mortality rate
(n=174)
(deaths per 1,000 live 32 2015
births) (n=192) Under-5 population (thousands)
675,196 2017
(n=183)
$1.90/day (%) (n=116) 20 2000–2013
Urban (%) (n=193) 55 2017

$3.10/day (%) (n=116) 40 2000–2013


>65 years (%) (n=183) 9 2017

Source: World Bank 2017.


Note: PPP: purchasing power parity.
Source: UN Inter-agency Group for Child Source: 2017 projections from UN Population Division 2017.
Indicators show number of countries (n) Mortality Estimation 2015. Note: Percentage data are population-weighted means.
included in analysis in brackets.

CHILD ANTHROPOMETRY

Child anthropometry
Number of children under 5 affected (millions) Percentage of children under 5 affected

Stunting1 (n=143) 23 2016


1
Stunting (n=143) 155 2016

Wasting1 (n=143) 8 2016

Wasting1 (n=143) 52 2016 Severe Wasting1 (n=141) 41 2016

Overweight1 (n=141) 6 2016

Overweight1 (n=141) 41 2016


Low birth weight2 (n=181) 15 2000–2012

Source: WHO/World Bank Group Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates 2017;1 UNICEF 2015.2
Note: Percentage data are population-weighted means.

ADOLESCENT AND ADULT NUTRITION STATUS

Adolescent and adult anthropometry (% population) Micronutrient status of population


1
Women of reproductive age with anaemia1 (n=186)
Adolescent overweight (n=61) 15 2003–2014
Total population affected (thousands) 610,973 2016
1 Total population affected (%) 33 2016
Adolescent obesity (n=61) 4 2003–2014
Vitamin A deficiency in children 6–59 months old (%)2
Women of reproductive age, thinness2 (n=133)
25 2013
21 1994–2015
(n=69)
Women of reproductive age, short stature2
7 1994–2015
(n=69)
Moderate iodine
Source: WHO 2015;1 DHS 2017.2
Population classification of iodine nutrition (age group 5–19
deficiency to optimal 1996–2001
Note: NA: not available. years)3 (n=125)
iodine nutrition

Metabolic risk factors for diet-related non-communicable


diseases (%)
Source: WHO 2017;1 Stevens et al. 2015;2 WHO 2004.3

Prevalence of adult overweight and obesity (%), 2014

Source: WHO 2017 and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017. Source: WHO 2017 and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017.
Note: n=189. Data are population-weighted means. Note: BMI: body mass index. n=189. Data are population-weighted means.

PROGRESS AGAINST GLOBAL NUTRITION TARGETS 2014


Under-5 stunting Under-5 wasting Under-5 overweight WRA Anaemia EBF
18/193 on course 29/193 on course 31/193 on course 0/193 on course 20/193 on course

Adult female obesity Adult male obesity Adult female diabetes Adult male diabetes
0/193 on course 0/193 on course 26/193 on course 8/193 on course

Source: UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates 2017, WHO 2017, Stevens GA et al 2013, and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017.
Notes: Some targets are excluded from analysis as data needs further strengthening or methodological work before it can be used, these are: low birth weight, adolescent obesity,
hypertension and salt intake. See Global Nutrition Report 2017, Appendix 1 for more information. EBF: exclusive breastfeeding; NA: not available; WRA: women of reproductive age.
Global
INTERVENTION COVERAGE AND CHILD-FEEDING PRACTICES

Continuum of care (%) Intervention coverage (%)


Severe acute malnutrition, geographic coverage1 (n=47) 21 2012

Vitamin A supplementation, full coverage2 (n=57) 68 2014

Children under 5 with diarrhoea receiving ORS2 (n=117) 42 2000–2016

Immunization coverage, DTP33 (n=192) 89 2016

Iodized salt consumption2 (n=97) 72 2000–2013


Source: UNICEF/Coverage Monitoring Network/ACF International 2012; UNICEF 2016; WHO 2016.3
1 2

Note: Geographical coverage is defined as the % of physical facilities that provide intervention.
Full coverage is defined as the % of children that receive the full intervention (two doses).
DTP3: 3 doses of combined diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis vaccine; ORS: oral rehydration salts.

Infant and young-child feeding practices (% 0–23 months)


Exclusive breastfeeding 0–5 months (n=130) 41 1999–2015

Minimum acceptable diet 6–23 months (n=60) 18 2010–2016

Minimum dietary diversity 6–23 months (n=67) 32 2010–2016


Source: UNICEF 2016;1 UN Population Division 2017.2
Note: Data are population-weighted means. Source: UNICEF 2016.

UNDERLYING DETERMINANTS

Food supply Gender-related determinants


Early childbearing: births by age 18 (%)1 (n=113) 18 2001–2015

Gender Inequality Index (score*)2 (n=159) 0.36 2015

Female secondary education enrolment rate (%)3 (n=144) 75 2006–2012

Source: UNICEF 2016;1 UNDP 2016;2 UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2017.3
Note: *0: low inequality, 1: high inequality.

Population density of health workers


per 1,000 people
Physicians (n=191) 1.37 1998–2015

Nurses and midwives (n=191) 3.14 1994–2015

Community health workers (n=62) 0.54 1992–2013

Source: FAOSTAT 2015;1 FAOSTAT 2014.2 Source: WHO 2017.


Note: n is between 39 and 168 depending on the indicator and year.

Improved drinking water coverage (%) Improved sanitation coverage (%) Government expenditures (%)

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2017. Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2017. Source: IFPRI 2015.
Note: Due to rounding, numbers might not add up to 100. Note: Due to rounding, numbers might not add up to 100. Note: n is between 82 and 129 depending on the indicator and year.
n is between 80 and 192 depending on the indicator and year. n is between 74 and 192 depending on the indicator and year.

FINANCIAL RESOURCES AND POLICY, LEGISLATION, AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS


Policy and legislative provisions
Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) country Availability and stage of
National implementation of the Few to many
institutional transformations (%), 2017 International Code of Marketing of provisions in 2016
implementation of guidelines/
Breast-milk Substitutes1 (n=193) law protocols/standards for the
management of NCDs
Extent of constitutional right to food2
Medium 2003
(n=136) All major
NCDs Available 2015
(n=192)
Maternity Protection Convention 1833 Partial
2011
(n=169) protection
Source: WHO 2015.
Note: NCDs: non-communicable diseases.

Mandatory/N
Wheat fortification legislation4 (n=182) 2015
o fortification
Source: SUN 2017.
Note: Data are population-weighted means from Source: WHO/UNICEF and IBFAN 2016;1 FAO 2003;2 ILO 2013;3 FFI 2015;4 IDS 2015.5
51 SUN member countries.

For complete source information: http://globalnutritionreport.org/the-report/technical-notes © 2017 Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd.