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APPLICATIONS

Self-Locking Nut

Industry Co., Ltd.


HARDLOCK Nut (HLN)
● Safety is Power! The Worlds Strongest Self-locking Nut!
● From Industrial Machinery, Mining Equipment to Bridges and Railways,
HARDLOCK NUT
 100% corresponding to the needs of a variety of fields.

The Globally Recognized HARDLOCK Nut


Utilizing the wedge principle used in ancient Japanese architecture, the HLN is the
ultimate self-locking nut which perfectly succeeds to integrate the nuts with the bolt.
[MAIN FEATURES]
■ Self-locking Effect Recognized by the World!
H ARDLOCK Nut also passed the
United States NAS (National Aerospace
Standard) Aviation Standards.
■ Enables Torque and Axial Force Control!
ontrolling axial force with proper
C
torque wherever it is used.
■ Reusable!
ll metal with little abrasion, sustains
A
a high self-locking effect.
■ Excellent and Simple Workability!
asy installation with commercially
E
available tools.
■ Provides Substantial Cost Savings!
Allows significant reduction in total cost by
reducing maintenance costs, labor costs etc.

Self-locking Design
The design is based on the traditional Japanese "Wedge" principle!
HARDLOCK NUT consists of two nuts, the (1) nut
Principle 1 “Convex Nut”(fixing nut) has a truncated protrusion
Wedge arranged off-center on the upper part, the (2) nut
“Concave Nut”(locking nut) is designed with a
concentric conical depression for locking the two nuts
together. By tightening the concave nut onto the
convex nut, a strong perpendicular load will be applied
to the bolt from both sides.
Strike the wedge with a hammer

Source of the
a
locking effect!

Push the wedge with a nut ❶

Due to the strong locking force created by the Wedge of the


2 HARDLOCK NUT, no matter if it is exposed to severe
Integrate the wedge with the nut vibrations and/or impacts the HARDLOCK NUT will stay intact

1 Industry Co., Ltd.

応用
Installation Procedure
1 2 3

Install the Convex Nut (Fixing Nut) to the fitting Use a tightening tool (Spanner, Torque At this point, the Convex Nut has exactly the
member manually, by hand. Wrench etc.) to tighten the Convex Nut to the same strength as a general-purpose nut.
appropriate torque required for the application.

4 5 6

Install the Concave Nut onto the Convex Nut by Use a torque wrench to tighten the Concave Nut After installing, a gap may occur due to the bolts tolerance
hand. make sure that the space between the 2 to the torque value set by HARDLOCK Industry class. However, if tightened correctly by following the installation
nuts is about 1 thread pitch. Co., Ltd. Or about 1 turn with a spanner. procedure, the HLN will produce a sufficient locking effect.

Attention
Torque and Axial Force Control is only possible with the HARDLOCK Nut!
HARDLOCK Nut is not affected by external vibration impact whatsoever, and allows torque and axial
force control under very severe conditions.
The Concave Nut will completely lock the Convex nut in the state and maintain the torque and axial
force which it was initially installed with even if their value was low. 
① Superior Self-locking effect ② Torque & Axial force control ③ Re-usability. The ultimate self-locking
nut with these features is only the HARDLOCK Nut.

Testing
Impact Vibration Test Complying to NAS 3350/3354 Junker Test
TEST SAMPLE CONDITIONS 14
Size M12x1.75
Spring washer + Single nut 20
No loosening
Double nuts 30
Material
Nylon nut SS400 60 Test aborted
12
Finish
Tongued washer +Trivalent
Single nut Chromate
90 VibraƟon Time
Torque
Split pin + Castle 40
nut Nm 360 1020 sec (17
• Test Sample
HARDLOCK NUT 1300 10 Size : M10xP1.5
Bolt Clamp Load (kN)

min) Material : Low carbon Steel /


Vibration frequency 1,780c.p.m Class4
Loosening 8 Initial Preload : 13 kN
Vibration stroke 11mm Time
Impact stroke 19mm 360 sec • Vibration Strokes : ± 0.75 HARDLOCK NUT
Accelerated vibration 19.5Ga 6
Velocity : 20 Hz
Loosening Cycles : 1000 cycles Single nut (SN)
Loosening Loosening Time
Loosening 4
Time Time 90 sec Double nuts
Time
30 sec 60 sec
20 sec
2 Spring washer+SN
Spring washer Double nuts Nylon nut Tongued Split pin + HARDLOCK
Nylon nut
+ Single nut washer + Castle nut NUT
Single nut 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000

Number of Cycles

Total Cost Comparison (Certain Railway Company)

Cost ΈIndexΉ
5
3 year labor cost
4 2 year labor cost
3 1 year labor cost
2.45
2 1.6 Material cost
1.5
1 1
0
Single nut +
Single nut +
Plain washer Double nuts
Spring HARDLOCK
washer + NUT
Plain washer

Industry Co., Ltd. 2


COMPANY OUTLINE

COMPANY NAME HARDLOCK INDUSTRY CO., LTD.

ESTABLISHED April, 1974

PAID IN CAPITAL JPY 10 million

ANNUAL TURNOVER JPY 1.5 billion

DIRECTOR Katsuhiko Wakabayashi

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 70

HEAD OFFICE 1-6-24, Kawamata, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka, Japan 577-0063

TOKYO BRANCH 3F, Higashi-Ueno Sanwa Building, 2-5-9, Higashi Ueno,


Taito, Japan 110-0015

OVERSEAS DISTRIBUTORS 6 countries

MAIN LINES OF BUSINESS Manufacture and sale of the self-locking products.

HLN : HARDLOCK NUT


HLB : HARDLOCK BEARING NUT
HLS : HARDLOCK SET SCREW
* All products patented

CERTIFICATE JIS Q9100 : 2009 (AS 9100)


ISO 9001 : 2008 (JIS Q 9001 : 2008)

MAIN USERS 【Domestic】


East Japan Railway Company
Central Japan Railway Company
West Japan Railway Company
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Hitachi, Ltd.
TOSHIBA CORPORATION
IHI Corporation
NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
JFE Steel Corporation
Kobe Steel,Ltd.

【Overseas】
China Railway High-speed (China)
Network Rail (UK)
Taiwan High Speed Rail (Taiwan)
Queensland Rail (Australia)
Hyundai Rotem (Korea)
POSCO (Korea)
HOERBIGER (Austria)
Vale (Brasil)
Anglo American (Brasil)
Samarco (Brasil)

3 Industry Co., Ltd.


COMPANY HISTORY

Apr. 1974 HARDLOCK Industry Co., Ltd. was established in Nagata, Joto-ku, Osaka.
Manufacturing and Sales of the HARDLOCK Nut was commenced.

Oct. 1980 A UK Market distributor for the HARDLOCK Industry Co., Ltd. was established.

Apr. 1985 The HARDLOCK Nut was adopted in the Tokaido Shinkansen 100-series cars.

Jun. 1992 HARDLOCK Industry Co., Ltd. was requested by Hitachi Ltd. to manufacture
HARDLOCK Nuts for adopting in their heavy electrical machinery in a certified
nuclear power plant.

Oct, 2000 Due to demands for the HARDLOCK Nut overseas, the foreign trade department
was established.

Mar. 2003 4 million units of HARDLOCK Nut was adopted in various locations in the
Taiwan high-speed rail.

Sept. 2003 Distributor for the Korean market was established in Seoul.

Oct. 2003 HARDLOCK Industry Co., Ltd. acquired certification for rail tracks in the UK
railway of Network Rail.

Nov. 2003 Acquired certification ISO9001: 2000 from the German Organization TÜV.

Dec. 2003 Acquired certification for railway in Queensland and Victoria, Australia.
(Certification Number : C0054)

Jul. 2005 Announce research thesis on HARDLOCK Nut locking effect at ASME PVP 2005.

Dec. 2006 BBC channel 1 introduces the effectiveness of HARDLOCK Nut loosening in a program
on railway accidents, leading to increased use in the railway industry.

Sept. 2011 Received JISQ 9100 : 2009 certification for Quality Management Systems
in the aerospace and defense industries.

Mar. 2014 The HARDLOCK Nut was officially adopted by Vale S.A. in Brasil to increase safety and
workability in the Mining and Earth Moving industry.

Kings Place 90 York Way


London
N1 9AG
Tel: +44 (0) 207 557 9283
Fax:+44 (0) 207 557 9131

Michael Moore
Staytite Limited
Staytite House
Coronation Road
Cressex Business Park
High Wycombe
HP12 3RP

11th September 2008

Dear Michael

Re: M20 Hardlock Nuts for Fixed Stretcher Bars

In July 2008 Network Rail identified Hardlock nuts as a high performance fastening system
to be used on revised full depth stretcher bars which will be used extensively throughout the
UK rail network. This has followed on from the successful use of M30 Hardlock nuts on
adjustable stretcher bars which have been in widespread use since October 2003.

Staytite Limited worked with Network Rail to advise, design and supply a modified
Hardlock nut to meet our requirements.

The revised specification of this new M20 Hardlock nut required a taller, inner, male nut to
better accommodate standards tools without the risk of slipping and rounding the corners
of nuts in restricted locations such as a connection through the web of a switch rail. This was
also important if components subsequently had to be dismantled during routine
maintenance allowing the inner, male nut to be securely held while removing the outer,
female nut without risk of damage. The outer female nut was also modified to incorporate a
small flange on the underside of the nut to prevent a socket when applied to this outer nut
from accidentally engaging with the inner male nut ensuring that the required torque can be
easily applied to the outer female nut during installation.

Staytite provided advice and guidance in a prompt and professional way enabling the
selection of a revised fastening system to be progressed within set timescales to the
satisfaction of all parties involved.

Yours sincerely

Brian Whitney

Principal Rail Management Engineer


Network Rail

Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd Registered Office Kings Place 90 York Way London N1 9AG Registered in England and Wales No. 2904587 www.networkrail.co.uk

Industry Co., Ltd. 4


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

1 ENERGY / POWER

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
◦Wind Power
 PowerGenerator・Decelerator
CableRacksinTurbineTowersEtc.
◦Solar Power
 SolarPanelMountingEtc.
◦Thermal Power Generation
 DesulfurizationEquipment
HopperLinerStops・BucketConveyorsEtc.
◦Nuclear Power
 PowerPlantInstrumentation・Piping
ReactorFiltrationMachine
NuclearReactorControlMountingEtc.

Wind Turbine Tower

Wind Turbine Tower Internal Piping

Thermal Power Plant

Dam

Solar Panel Mounting Solar Power

Nuclear Power Plant Piping in Power Plant

5 Industry Co., Ltd.


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

2 MINING & EARTH MOVING

【MAIN APPLICATIONS】
◦Processing Machinery
 VibratingScreen
Breaker
ConveyerSystem
GridCar
◦Heavy Machinery
 Off-RoadTruck
Dozer
BucketWheelExcavator
◦Freight Railway
 Wagon
WagonRotator
Fishplate
Crossing

Pendulum securing

Coupling fastening

Caterpillar treads securing

Bucket securing Tire securing

Industry Co., Ltd. 6


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

3 RAILWAY (ROLLING STOCK)

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
◦Shinkansen (Bullet Train) /
Conventional Trains / Monorail
 VariousEquipmentMountingforTrains
VariousControlDeviceMounting
BearingBox
TightCoupler
DiscBreak
DriveUnitCouplingPortion
Suspension/HydraulicDamperPortion
AutomaticDoorUnitEtc.

Shinkansen E5 Series (Bullet Train)

Taiwan Shinkansen 700T (Bullet Train) UK Express 395 Series

Shinkansen N700 (Bullet Train) New Transport System

Tight Coupler Bearing Box

Shinkansen Equipment Mounting

Various Mounting for Carriage Section Disc Break

7 Industry Co., Ltd.


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

4 RAILWAY (INFRASTRUCTURE)

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
◦Railway (Power) ◦Railway (Track)
 SteelColumnFlangeStop  RailJoint/InsulationSeamBolt
StationaryBeam  SplinterwithVariousBolts
OverheadLineBracket・Band  RailFasteningDevice
Etc.  DerailmentPreventionGuard
◦Railway (Signal)  Etc.
 AutomaticTrainStop(ATS) ◦Railway (Construction)
ImpedanceBond  RailwayStationEquipment
RailroadSwitchMovingPortion  StationBuildingRoof
ControlEquipmentBoxinTerminal  Shinkansen/Conventional
Etc. LineSoundproofWallEtc.

Steel Column Flange Stop Beam and Movable Bracket Band Stop Automatic Train Stop (ATS)

Impedance Bond Terminal Attachment Derailment Preventive Guard

Rail Joint Fish Plate Railroad Switch Moving Portion

Industry Co., Ltd. 8


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

5 BRIDGE

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
 BridgeAncillaryEquipmentJointPortion
 PipingFlangePortion
 InspectionPassage
 Long-spanBridgeIlluminationEquipment
 MaintenanceVehicleEquipmentforInspection
 InformationBoard
 PedestrianBridge
 FallingObjectsPreventionEquipment
 GeneralRoadEquipment

Water Supply Plumbing (Akashi Kaikyo Bridge)

Long-span Bridge Ancillary Equipment Joint Long-span Bridge Road Equipment

9 Industry Co., Ltd.


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

6 HIGHWAY

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
 RoadJoints
SoundproofWallJoint
Sound-absorbingPanels
IlluminatingEquipmentandBasePlate
DirectionBoard
JetFaninTunnels
GratingJoint
GuardRailJoint
ETC(ElectronicTollCollection)Board・InformationBoard
StormDrainCoverSecuring

Various Soundproof Walls

Lighting Columns Anchor Portion (Metropolitan Expressway)

Aluminum Highway Fence (Second Tomei Expressway) Sound-Absorbing Panels

Industry Co., Ltd. 10


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

7 VEHICLES

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
◦Specially Equipped ◦Amusement Ride
Vehicle  RollerCoasterWheelAxis
 EngineTransmission RailJoint
Damper&Trunnion CoasterSheetJoint
FrameBracketMounting ◦Transport Equipment
Etc.
 ForkliftWheelAxisPortion
◦Buggy Etc.
 WheelAxleSprocketStopper
EnginestarterEtc.
◦Ship
 InternalCombustionEngineSystem
InboardHydraulicTubeFlange
Etc.
Specially Equipped Vehicle

Frame Mounting

Sprocket Stopper

Buggy

Ship Engine LNG Ship

Concrete Pump Truck

Guide Roller Wheel Axis Stopper Forklift

11 Industry Co., Ltd.


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

8 MACHINERY

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
 CementMill(LinerStopper)
ConcreteMixer(Decelerator)
PowerCylinder(DriveShaftStopper)
Excavator(DrillDriveShaftStopper)
RockDrillingMachine(HydraulicBreakerStopper)
Agitator(ImpellerStopper)
LargeHydraulicPress(CylinderUnit,Etc.)
Compressor(AxisStopper)
Pump(ImpellerStopper)
TappingMachine(BallScrew)
InjectionMoldingMachine
SteelMakingMachinery
(StraighteningRollStopper)
ConveyorRollers
IndustrialRobotArmPortion
Die-castingMachine
(CorePinStopper)
Etc.

Injection Molding Machine

Steel Making Machinery (Straightening Roll Stopper)


ライナー止め

Excavator

Cement Mill
Hydraulic Breaker Tie Rod Stopper

Compressor Pump Impeller Stopper

Industry Co., Ltd. 12


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

9 Construction

[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
 High-riseBuildingBondingPortion
High-riseBuildingAncillaryEquipment
High-riseBuildingCurtainWallPortion
ExteriorWall(Panel)Mounting
Turnbuckle
DomeSteelFrameJoint
StoneWallPitching
FacilityRoofing
TopLightFastening
Sanitation&ElectricalEquipmentEtc.

High-Rise Building Exterior Wall & Curtain Wall Tokyo Sky Tree

Metal Frame Joint

Yurikamome Station Roof Osaka Station Renewal

13 Industry Co., Ltd.


 A P P L I C AT I O N S

10
[MAIN APPLICATIONS]
PYLONS

◦Communication Towers
 SteelTowerConnectingPortion
GeneralAncillaryEquipment
DigitalFrameMounting
Etc.
◦Transmission Tower
 SteelTowerConnectionPortion
PipeJumperPart
InsulatorsFasteningPortion
Etc.

Transmission Tower Communication Tower

Joint (Angle/Pipe) Joint (Angle/Pipe)

Transmission Line Tower Pipe Jumper

Communication Tower Digital Frame Portion

Industry Co., Ltd. 14


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

1. Car & Motorcycle 2. Specially Equipped Vehicle

▲EngineTransmission ▲TrunnionPortion

SUV Specially equipped


HLN HLB
Engine Transmission vehicle trunnion fixing
Before Before
●Doublebearingnutswereusedasacountermeasure
●F langed Nuts were utilized in the engine trans-
forloosening
missionsofSUVs
●T he double bearing nuts were tightened by the
●Looseningofnutsoccurredfrequentlywhenstarting
“double nut method” . However, loosening occurred
theengineandmanySUVshadtoberecalled.
duetothevariationintighteningforce.

After After
●B y switching from Flanged Nuts to HARDLOCK ●B y adopting the HARDLOCK Bearing Nut, the
Nutsthelooseningproblemwasresolved. workabilitywasimprovedandthelooseningproblem
●B y  u t i l i z i n g  H A R D L O C K  N u t  t h e  l o o s e n i n g wassolved.
occurring when starting the engine were also ●By switching to HARDLOCK Nut, the maintenance
resolved. costsweresignificantlyreduced

Major Loosening Cause Major Loosening Cause

●Loosening due to cyclic ●Loosening due to cyclic


stress in the rotational stress in the rotational
direction of the bolts axis direction of the bolt axis

15 Industry Co., Ltd.


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

3. Construction machinery and


agriculture machinery 4. Robot

▲HydraulicBreaker IndustrialRobot▲

Industrial Robot
HLN Hydraulic Breaker HLB
Arm Joint
Before Before
●Prevailingtorquetypeself-lockingnutswhereusedwere
●Loosening caused by severe impact vibration from
in the arm portion, but iron powder produced by the
crushing operations at mines and large quarries
frictionbetweenthenutandshaftcausedpoormovability.
occurred on a regular basis. Double nuts were used
and carried out a high-torque fastening and dropout ●Torque control was difficult with prevailing torque
typeself-lockingnutsandtherewasaproblemwith
preventionmeasures,buttheproblemwasnotsolved.
varietyinaxialforce.

After After
●B y switching to HARDLOCK Bearing Nut the
●B y introducing HARDLOCK Nut, axial force problemwithshaftdamagewasresolved.
management by proper torque and loosening ●Axial force management by proper torque combined
preventionwasachieved with elimination of loosening improved the product
performanceoftheindustrialrobots.

Major Loosening Cause Major Loosening Cause

●Loosening due to cyclic stress ●Loosening due to cyclic


in the direction perpendicular stress in the rotational
of the bolts axis direction of the bolt axis

Industry Co., Ltd. 16


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

5. Conveyance Equipment 6. Iron & Steel

▲RailFasteningPortion ▲MillRoll

Indoor Overhead / Steelwork


HLN HLB
Bridge Cranes Equipment Lines
Before Before
●P revailing torque nuts where used for indoor ●To prevent loosening at steelwork equipment lines, the
overhead cranes. However, due to excessive shaftshaskeygroovesandisfastenedwithbothtoothed
vibrationloadstheybecamelooseonaregularbasis. washersandnutsaswellasweldinginsomeinstances.
●In recent years, steelwork facilities are continuing
●Due to the everyday loosening, re-tightening works withafire-freeworkenvironment.Therefore,welding
etc.,maintenancecostwasincreasedimmensely. andsuchotherprocedureshavebeenminimalized.

After After
●WhenusingHARDLOCKBearingnuts,iteliminatesthe
●By changing to HARDLOCK Nuts, loosening in the needtousetoothedwashers,keygroovesandwelding
fasteningportionsofthecraneswaseliminated. procedures,significantlyimprovingtheworkability.
●A s a result, stable operations and reduction in ●Eliminating the need for welding procedures, the
maintenanceworkleadtosignificantcostsavings. HARDLOCK products creates a safe, fire-free work
environment.

Major Loosening Cause Major Loosening Causes

●Loosening due to cyclic ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the


rotational direction of the bolt axis
stress in the direction
●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
perpendicular of the bolt axis direction perpendicular of the bolt axis

17 Industry Co., Ltd.


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

7. Industrial machinery 8. Fluid Equipment

▲Die-castMachine ◀Impeller

Die-Casting Core
HLS HLN Impeller Pump
Pin Stopper
Before Before
●Conventionally,spotwelding,boltfasteningmethodof ●Vibrationinthepumpduetohighspeedrotationin
plates and nesting method were used to prevent the theimpellershaftcasedloosening.
corepintorecedefromthepressureduringmolding. ●Castellated nuts and other self-locking components
●Reduceddiestrengthandworktimewasaproblemwith were used, but this did not completely resolve
theconventionalpinretractionpreventionmeasures. loosening.

After After
●B y switching to HARDLOCK Set Screw, preventing ●A fter switching to HARDLOCK Nut vibration
retractionofthecorepinwasachievedbyonlytightening looseningduetohighspeedrotationwascompletely
theHARDLOCKSetScrew,noothermeasurementswere eliminated, as well as significant decrease in
necessary.Italsocontributedtoreducemoldingcosts.
periodicmaintenancecosts.
●PriortoswitchingtoHARDLOCKSetScrewsittookmorethan12
hourstoreplacethecorepin,butafterswitchingtoHARDLOCK ●Switching to HARDLOCK Nut also prolonged the
SetScrew,thesameworkwasreducedtoapproximately3hours. productlife.

Major Loosening Cause Major Loosening Cause

●Loosening due to cyclic ●Loosening due to cyclic


stress in the direction of stress in the rotational
the bolt axis direction of the bolt axis

Industry Co., Ltd. 18


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

9. Heavy Electrical Plant 10. Watercraft

▼PipingSupport ▼ShipEngine

Nuclear Power Ship Internal


HLN HLN
Plant Reactor Core Combustion Engine
Before Before
●Double nuts were used in the fixed stand of the ●Double nuts where used on the internal combustion
reactorcoreandpipingsupportsinthepowerplant. enginesoftheship,looseningduetothermalexpansion
Retightening work and maintenance were required andseverevibrationoccurredonadailybasis.
onadailybasisduetofrequentloosening.
●Sincenuclearpowerplantsarelargeinsizeandplaces ●Retightening work had to be made frequently and
where nuts are used are plenty, huge amounts of an enormous amount of time and cost was spent
maintenancecostandmaintenancetimewasnecessary. onmaintenance.

After After
●HARDLOCK Nut demonstrated superior self-locking ●B y switching to HARDLOCK Nut with special
performanceandpreventionofloosening. coating, Loosening due to vibration and/or thermal
●S afety in the nuclear power plant facilities expansionwaseliminated.
i n c r e a s e d ,  t i m e  s p e n t  o n  m a i n t e n a n c e  a n d ●Significant reduction in maintenance cost as well
maintenancecostwasreducedimmensely. asretighteningwork.

Major Loosening Causes Major Loosening Causes

●Loosening due to micro-motion ●Loosening due to micro-motion abrasion


abrasion ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
●Loosening due to thermal direction perpendicular to the bolt axis
causes ●Loosening due to thermal expansion

19 Industry Co., Ltd.


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

11. Highway / Roads 12. Bridge 

▲RoadPlates

◀PierCoverPlate
Mounting

Road Plates D Runway expansion


HLN HLN
Fastening Portion D Runway Expansion
Before Before
●Countermeasuressuchasweldingandinsertionofcushioning ●During the construction of the titanium panel on
materialstoreducevibrationintheroadplateswerecarried artificialgroundsrearsurfaceoftheoffshoreairport,
out. However, due to poor welding and replacement of prevailingtorqueself-lockingnutswerestudied.
cushioningmaterialwork,bothoptionswereunsatisfactory. ●Sincetheprevailingtorquetypeself-lockingnutscausedscratcheson
●A nother serious problem was the noise control due to thebolt(peelingofftheplating),rustoccurrencewasaseriousproblem
collisionoftheroadplatswhenvehiclespassedoverthem. andconcernsregardingsafetyandcorrosionresistancearose.

After After
●By switching to HARDLOCK Nut in the connection ●B yswitchingfromprevailingtorquetypeself-lockingnutstoHARDLOCK
portionoftheroadplates,problemssuchasloosening Nuts,problemsrelatedtoboltdamageandcorrosionwereeliminated.
wereeliminated. ●Loosening due to severe vibration in the pier cover plates
●A dditionally, the noise generated when vehicles during landing and take-off of aircrafts were eliminated,
pass over the road plates was eliminated and HARDLOCKNutalsocorrespondedtothe100yearwarranty
overallcostswerereduced. requestedbytheMinistryofLand,InfrastructureandTransport.

Major Loosening Cause Improvement Case

●Loosening due to cyclic ●Loosening due to micro-motion


abrasion
stress in the direction
●Loosening due to cyclic stress
perpendicular to the bolt axis in the direction of the bolt axis

Industry Co., Ltd. 20


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

13. Architecture and


Construction Equipment 14. Electrical Equipment

◀ExteriorWall ◀DistributionBoards
Mounting

Exterior Wall of
HLN HLN Distribution Board
High-rise Buildings
Before Before
●A luminum curtain walls where mounted on the ●Doublenutsorspringwasherwereused,loosening
exterior walls of high-rise buildings with metallic duetovibrationcausedduringproducttransportation
fastener, but due to the high torque required to wasaregularoccurrence.
tightenthemetallicfasteners,itcausedexpansionof ●Loosening after installation due to micro-vibration
thealuminumwhichwouldcauseaspecificsound. duringoperationoccurredonadailybasis.

After After
●B y switching to HARDLOCK Nut, due to proper
●ByswitchingtoHARDLOCKNut,axialforcecontrol torque control, loosening during transportation and/
due to proper torque was achieved and the sound oroperationwaseliminated.
phenomenonwaseliminated. ●Significant savings in labor was achieved due to
eliminatingre-tighteningwork.

Major Loosening Causes Major Loosening Cause

●Loosening due to cyclic stress


in the direction perpendicular ●Loosening due to micro-motion
to the bolts axis abrasion
●Loosening due to thermal causes

21 Industry Co., Ltd.


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

15. Pylons  16. Environmental Equipment

CableRackinTurbineTowers▶
ConnectingPortion▶

Transmission Equipment
HLN Communication Towers HLN
in Wind Turbine Towers
Before Before
●Otherself-lockingdoublenutswereusedintheconnection ●Windturbinetowersareinstalledinareaswheretherearestrong
portion in communication towers, however, due to loads winds, due to the irregular stress induced by strong winds,
generated by wind and vibration that occurs on a daily common double nuts and/or spring washers were not able to
producesignificantlockingeffectandeliminateloosening.
basis,theaxialforcewasloweredandlooseningoccurred.
●Nylonnutswereusedinthefasteningportionsofwiringcableracks,ladders
●R e-tightening work from maintenance personal and etc.insideofwindturbinetowers,however,duetothevibrationcausedbythe
routinemaintenancecostwasrequiredtobereduced. rotationoftheblades(wings)theNylonnutsbecamelooseonaregularbasis.

After After
●HARDLOCK Nut demonstrated a powerful seismic ●ByswitchingtoHARDLOCKNut,duetosuccessful
performanceandwasthereforereplacingpreviousself-
axialforcecontrolandpropertorque,looseningwas
lockingnutsandadoptedincommunicationtowers.
eliminated.
●Byeliminatingretighteningworkandtheneedforroutine
torquemeasurementsafterswitchingtoHARDLOCKNut, ●R e g u l a r  m a i n t e n a n c e  w o r k  a n d  e q u i p m e n t
asignificantreductioninmaintenancecostswasachieved. maintenancecostwassignificantlyreduced.

Major Loosening Causes Major Loosening Causes


●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
direction perpendicular to the bolt axis ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the direction perpendicular to the bolt axis
rotational direction of the bolt axis ●Loosening due to micro-motion abrasion
●Loosening due to excessive external force

Industry Co., Ltd. 22


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

17. Playground / Amusement


Park Equipment 18. Railway(1)

▼ShinkansenTightCoupler

▲GuideRollerPortion

Roller Coaster Shinkansen (Bullet Train)


HLB HLN
Wheel Axis Stopper Tight Coupler
Before Before
●R oller coasters and many other attractions use
●In high speed rail cars, repeated impact of the rail
double nuts or split pins for their application.
couplingcausesthenuttoloosenandmayevenrisk
However, due to the hole in the shaft required for
detachment.Damagetofrictionringalsocausesthe
the split pin, the shafts strength is reduced and
nuttoloosen.
couldendupbreaking.

After After
●ByswitchingtoHARDLOCKNut,duetosuccessful ●ByusingtheHARDLOCKNut,evenunderrepeated
axial force control the maintenance cost was impact,looseningispreventedanddetachmentdoes
reducedsignificantly. notoccur.Breakageofthefrictionringiseliminated
●Additionally, no hole was required in the shaft and byusingtheHARDLOCKNutandhasbeenadopted
theproblemwithweakenshaftwaseliminated. bymanyrailcarmanufacturers.

Major Loosening Causes Major Loosening Causes

●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
rotational direction of the bolt axis direction of the bolt axis
●Loosening due to cyclic stress in ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
the direction of the bolt axis direction perpendicular of the bolt axis

23 Industry Co., Ltd.


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

19. Railway(2) 20. Detached Housing

▲RailroadSwitch

▲SteelFramejoint

Railroad Switch Light-gauge steel frame


HLN HLN
Switch Adjuster joints for Detached housing
Before Before
●Whenatrainpasses,aforceof500Gisappliedtothe
switch,andevenspeciallyshapeddoublenutsusedon ●C onventionally,basedontheBuildingStandards
themovablepartscanbecomelooseonadailybasis. Law,SingleNutsandSpringWasherswasgoing
●Whiletheswitch(movablepart)isessentialtomaintain to be used in the Light-gauge Steel Joint as a
thetrackgauge,itisextremelydifficulttomaintainthe countermeasureforloosening.
gaugeofthetrackwhilepreventingloosening.

After After
●ByusingtheHARDLOCKNut,themaintenancecostassociated
withinspectionandre-tighteningwassuccessfullyreduced. ●A f t e r  t h e  G r e a t  E a s t  J a p a n  E a r t h q u a k e  i n
●The HARDLOCK Nut successfully maintained the gauge 2011, the HARDLOCK Nut usage increased
of the track and prevents loosening simultaneously. As a significantly in the Smart House Building Frame
result,theHARDLOCKNuthasbeenadoptedbyallrailway Jointstofurtherimprovesafety
companiesinJapan.

Major Loosening Causes Major Loosening Causes

●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
direction of the bolt axis direction of the bolt axis
●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the ●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the
direction perpendicular of the bolt axis direction perpendicular of the bolt axis

Industry Co., Ltd. 24


Improvement Case PRODUCTS

21. MINING EQUIPMENT

Pendulum Fastening for Vibration Screens

Before
●Conventinally, General Hex Nuts were used for fastening the Pendulum portion on the Vibration Screens.
●However, due to severe vibration, re-torquing work was performed at least once every 45 days.

After
●By switching to HARDLOCK Nut, re-torquing work was reduced to only once in over a years time.
●The plants operating rate and productivity was dramatically improved, along with a significant reduction in maintenance
and labor costs

Major Loosening Cause

●Loosening due to cyclic stress in the direction perpendicular of the


bolts axis

25 Industry Co., Ltd.


Safety is Power

Industry Co., Ltd.


Head Office : 1-6-24, Kawamata, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka, Japan 577-0063
TEL : +81-6-6784-1131 FAX : +81-6-6784-1161
Tokyo Office : 2-5-9, Higashi-Ueno, Taito, Tokyo, Japan 110-0015
TEL : +81-3-3833-1491 FAX : +81-3-3833-1438
URL:ht
tp://www.
hard
lock.
coj

p/ E-mail:h.
of
fice@hard
lock.
coj