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ROLLING CONTACT BEARING

- Standard dimension and designation of ball bearing


o Dimension is the function of the bore and series of bearing.
o Standard dimension is given in ‘mm’.
o There is no standard size and number of steel balls.
o Mainly there are three digits. 3 1 2
o Where last two digit gives bore dimension when multiply with 5 (from 04
onwards.) and third digit from last gives series of bearing.
o Type of series of bearing:
 Extra Light series (1XX)
 Light Series (2XX)
 Medium Series (3XX)
 Heavy Series (4XX)
o Extra light and light series used where load is moderate and space is limited.
o Medium series has a capacity 30 to 40% over the light series.
o Heavy series has 20 to 30% capacity over medium series.
- Thrust Ball Bearing
o Thrust ball bearing carrying thrust load exclusively and at speed below
2000RPM.
o At high speed, centrifugal force causes the balls to be forced out of the races.
Therefore, at high speed, it is recommended that angular contact ball bearing
should be used in place of thrust ball bearing.
- Roller bearing
o Cylindrical Roller Bearing
 Bearing have short roller guided in a cage.
 Such bearing has lowest friction of coefficient in any type of rolling
contact bearing.
 Cylindrical roller bearing used in high speed service.

o Spherical Roller Bearing


 It is self-aligning bearing.
 Normally this bearing can tolerate angular misalignment up to
1-1/2deg and when used with double row of rollers. It can carry thrust
loads in either direction.
o Needle Roller Bearing
 Compact bearing, completely fill the space so that neither cage nor a
retainer needed.
 These bearings are used when heavy loads are to be carried with a
oscillatory motion.
o Taper Roller Bearing
 The rollers and race ways of these bearings are truncated cones
whose element intersect at a common point.
 It can carry radial and thrust load.

- Basic static load rating of Rolling Contact bearing


o Load carried out by a non-rotating bearing is called a static load.
o The basic static load rating is defined by static radial load ( in case of ball and
roller bearing) of axial load ( in case of thrust bearing and roller bearing)
which corresponds to a total amount of permanent deformation of the vall
(or roller) and race.
o According to IS:3823-1984, the basic static load rating (Co) in Newton for ball
or roller bearing may be obtained as bellow.
 Radial ball bearing

 Radial roller bearing

 Thrust ball bearing

 Thrust Roller Bearing

- Static Equivalent load for Rolling Contact bearing


o The static equivalent load can be defined as the static radial load or axial load
which if applied, would cause the same total permanent deformation at most
heavily stressed ball and race contact as that which occurs under the actual
condition of loading.
o Static Equivalent Radial load
 WOR = XOWR + YOWA
 Where, XO = Radial load factor
 WR = Radial load
 YO = Axial or Thrust load factor
 WA = Axial or Thrust load
 WOR = WR , in case of radial load only, if WOR < WR

- Life of Bearing
o The life of on individual ball or roller bearing may be defined as a number of
revolutions (or hours) which the bearing runs before the first evidence of
fatigue develop in the material of one of ring or any of rolling element.
o The “rating life” of a group of apparently identical ball or roller bearing is
defined as the number of revolution that 90% of group of bearing complete
or exceed before the first evidence of fatigue develop.
o The term “minimum life” is also denote the rating life. It has been found that
the life which 50% of group of bearing will complete or exceed the life 5times
the life which 90% of group of bearing complete or exceeds.
o Generally, we have to consider the life of bearing about 40,000 – 60,000 hrs.