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Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information


Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.

“जान1 का अ+धकार, जी1 का अ+धकार” “प0रा1 को छोड न' 5 तरफ”


Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan Jawaharlal Nehru
“The Right to Information, The Right to Live” “Step Out From the Old to the New”

IS 1570-4 (1988): Schedules for wrought steels, Part 4:


Alloy steels (Alloy constructional and spring steels) with
specified chemical composition andd mechanical properties
[MTD 16: Alloy Steels and Forgings]

“!ान $ एक न' भारत का +नम-ण”


Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda
“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”

“!ान एक ऐसा खजाना > जो कभी च0राया नहB जा सकता ह”


है”

Bhartṛhari—Nītiśatakam
“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”
C,

IS:1570(Part4)-1988
(Reaffirmed
( Reaffirmed 2001)
1995 )

Indian Standard
SCHEDULESFOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 4 ALLOY STEELS ( ALLOY CONSTRUCTIONAL AND SPRING STEELS ) WITH
SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND RELATED MECHANICAL
PROPERTIES

(First Revision)
Second Reprint JUNE 1998

UDC 669.15.0X29-194+669.14.018.27 (083.4)

0 Copyright 1990
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002

Gr6 January 1990


IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 4 ALLOY STEELS ( ALLOY CONSTRUCTIONAL AND SPRING STEELS ) WITH
SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND RELATED MECHANICAL
PROPERTIES

( First Revision)
0. FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard (Part 4) (First Revision) Panel given below have not been included
was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards in Table 1, and will form a separate part:
on 20 June 1988, after the draft hnalized by the 1) 4OCr5Mo60 (4OCrlMo60),
.411oy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Com-
mittee had been approved by the Structural and 2) 15Cr9Mo6 (15Cr9OMo55),
Metals Division Council. 3) lOCr9MolO (IOCRMol), and
4) 15CrNi6.
0.2 This standard was first published in 1961.
On the basis of the experience gained in the c) The following boron steels have been
production and the use of steels, the Sectional added as their use and production has
Committee has decided to revise the standard commenced in the country:
and issue it in parts. The other parts of this 1) 18ClOBT
standard are as follows:
2) 35C8BT
Part 1 Steels specified by tensile and/or yield 3) 21ClOBT
properties
4) 26ClOBT
Part 2 Carbon steels ( unalloyed steels ) 5) 34C14BT
Section 1 Wrought products ( other 6) 38Cr4Mn2BT
than wires) with specified d) The following additional grades of steels
chemical composition and have also been added:
related properties
Section 2 Carbon steel wires with 1) 6OSi7 7
related properties 1 since these are alread
2) 65Si7 ) included in IS : 3195-1982x
Part 3 Carbon and carbon manganese free 1 and IS : 3431-19827
cutting steels 3) 6OCr4V2 J
Part 5 Stainless and heat-resisting steels 4) 30Cr4Mo2 because of its extensive usage
Part 6 Tool steels in automobile and aircraft
industry and comparatively
Part 7 Creep resisting steels better hardenability
0.3 The following major modifications have 5) 42Cr6V 18 because of its better harden-
been made in this revision: ability and lower cost
6) 15Ni13Cr3Mo2 equivalent to EN 36
a) Steel designations have been modified in
included in lieu of
accordance with IS : 1762 ( Part 1 )-1974*.
However, for the sake of easy identification, 15Ni4Crl which has
old been deleted
* * designations are also given within
brackets.
*Specification for steel for the manufacture of volute
‘9 The steels rationalized by the Indian Creep and hdical springs (for railway rolling stock ) ( second
revtswn )
tspecification for steel for manufacture of volute,
*‘code for designation of steels: Part 1 Based on letter helical and laminated springs for automotive suspension
symbols ( first revision ). ( second revision 1.

1
IS : 1570 ( Part 4) - 1988

7) 16Ni6Cr7Mo3 equivalent to DIN grade 0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur
17CrNiMo6 and phosphorus. These have to be specified in
8) 20Ni7Cr2Mo2 equivalent to AISI 4320. the detailed specifications.

1. SCOPE example, both steel 35Mn6Mo3 and 4ONi14 will


give a tensile strength of 790 to 940 MPa in ruling
1.1 This standard ( Part 4 ) is applicable to alloy section up to 100 mm. This allows some degree
constructional and spring steels supplied to a of interchangeability but unless special factors
specified composition as given in Table 1. are involved, the specified steel should be that
2. GENERAL giving maximum economy in alloy content. The
relationship of the tensile strength of steels in
2.1 While’preparing Indian Standards, or revising Table 4‘to the limiting ruling sections is summarized
the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule in Table 5. Information on the assessment of the
shall be selected. The specification of mechanical ruling section of bars and forgings is given in
properties different fromthose given in this schedule Tables 6 and 7.
should not be made unless special conditions of 2.5 Steel 55Cr3 is used for the purposes where
service render this essential. In that event, full resistance to wear is a factor and details for this
reasons for proposed departure from the steels steels are specified in Table 8.
specified in this schedule shall be submitted to
the Alloy Steels and Special, Steels Sectional 2.6 For case hardened parts requiring higher
Committee (SMDC 19), and its approval obtained. core strengths than can normally be obtained
with a carbon case hardening steel, low carbon
2.2 Many alloy steels, such as those for general alloy steels are required and minimum core strengths
constructional purposes, are selected on the basis of specified after hardening are given in Table 9.
tensile strength obtained after a specified heat These are based on heat treatment of test samples
treatment, but in some applications, for example, of 30 mm diameter except for the steels with a
..vhen the. steel is subjected in service to conditions minimum specified tensile strength of 1 090 MPa
where creep becomes operative, the basis of selec- which are based on heat treatment of samples
tion will be the properties of steel under operating machined to a test piece size. In this table also,
conditions. In such cases, however, tensile tests more than one steel is included for a particular
are usually specified as an assessment of the general minimum core strength but here also due consi-
quality of the material. deration should be given to maximum alloy
2.3 Steels containing about 1.5 percent manganese economy, when specifying the steel.
are used in the form of plates, sections, bars and 2.7 Some of the steels are used in the form of
forgings in the hot rolled or normalized condition sheets, strips and tubes, and the tensile properties
and the tensile properties of these steels, based on for these are included in Tables 10 and 11. Different
ruling section up to 150 mm, are included in types of test pieces are used for tensile tests depend-
Table 2. For larger sizes, some adjustment of ing on the form of the materials, for example, flat
the specified tensile range for a particular range test pieces for thin plates, sections and flat bars,
of composition may be necessary. Details for unmachined round test pieces for small size round
1.5 percent manganese steels in the form of cold bars; and machined round test pieces for thicker
drawn bar, together with the sizes to which these plates. for Jarger size round bars and for square
properties are applicabIe as given in Table 3. bars and forgings.
2.4 Alloy steels with medium carbon contents 2.8 For tensiJe test on tubes, the specified percent-
are used for general constructional purposes and age elongation should be based on the formulae
are usually hardened and tempered to a tensile of 950 MPa divided by the actual tensiJe strength
strength level appropriate to the duty involved. kgf/mm2 when using a gauge length equivaJent
The composition of the steel selected depends to 5.654;?:
on the tensile strength required and the size of
the ruling section of the part at the time of heat 2.9 The specified mechanical properties arc
treatment. Thus for the same specified tensile applicable to test samples taken from a
strength, it may be necessary to use different steels standard location which should be included in the
for different parts according to the size of the specification.
parts at the time of heat treatment . The mecha- 2.10 Any test such as bend test: flattening test
nical properties of those steels in the hardened on tubes. etc, in addition to the tests given in this
and tempered condition in relation to different schedule should also be specified in the standard
ruling sections are given in Table 4. This table. as appropriate.
in some cases, includes more than one steel
capable of giving in a particular ruling section 2.11 Hardenability value:, for Boron steels arc
the same specified range of tensile strength: for given in Table 12.
TABLE 1 SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOGTION FOR STANDARD STEEL
(Clause 1.1 )
DE.WNATION* ChBitCAL COMP~ITI~N, PERCENT REFERENCETO RELEVANT INDIAN
I h 7 STANDARDS
c MO Al
(I) (2) (7) & (9) (l”o, (11)
36Si7 0~33-040 1.50-2 .OO 0.80-l .oo -
-
- IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-1967’
55Si7 0.50-0.60 1*50-2.00 0 *SO-l *OO - IS : 2507-19755, IS : 3195~1982’,
IS : 3431-1982’, IS : 383%1966‘,
IS : 4072-1967’, IS : 4367-19671,
IS : 4368-19672
65Si7
6OSi7
0.60-0.70
0.55-0.65
1.50-2 .OO
l-50-2 *oo
0.80-l
0.80-l
.OO
-00
-
- -
- -
--
-- -
-
-- 1s : 3195-19824, IS : 3431-1982s
IS : 3195-1982’, IS : 3431-1982s
- IS : 4432-19678
llC15
2oc15
0.16. iUux
0.16-0.24
0 *10-O-35
0.10-0.35
1.30-l
1.30-l
*70
.70 - IS : 2041-1982*, IS : 2100-1970x”,
IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-19672,
IS : 5517-197811, IS : 6967-197312,
IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198415
27Cl5 022-0.32 0.10-0.35 1.30-l *70 - - - - .- IS : 5517-197811, IS . 11169
(Part 1 )-198413 ’
37c15 0.32-0.42 0.10-0.35 1.30-l .70 - - IS : 3930-1979l*, IS : 4367-19671,
IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 5517-1978”,
w IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198W
47c15
35Mn6Mo3
0.42-0.50
0.30-0.40
0.10-0.35
0.10-0.35
1.30-l .70
1.30-l .80
- -
-
-
0.20-0.35 -- -
- IS : 3930-1979’4
IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 11169

--
(Part 1 )-19841s ’
35Mn6Mo4
lOMo6
0.30-0.40
0.15, Max
0.10-0.35
0.15-0.25
1.30-l .80
0.40-0.70 0.30, Max 0.25, Max
- 0.35-0.55
0.45-O .65 -- - IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413

20Mo6 O-15-0.25
33Mo6
15Cr3
0.25-0.40
0.15-0.35
0.10-O .35
0.40-0.70
0~40-0*70
0.30, Max
0 *30, Max
0 *25, Max
0 *25, Max
0.45-0.65
0.45-0.65
-
--
0.12-0.18 0.15-0.35 0.40-O %O - 0.50-0.80 IS : 4367-1967l. IS : 4368-1967’,
IS : 4432~1967*, IS:11169
(Part l)-198418
16MnSCr4 0.14-0.19 0.10-0.35 1.00-l .30 0~80-1~10 - - - - IS : 4367-19671, IS : 11169
( Part l )-1984l*
2OMnSCr5 0.17-0.22 O.lO-0.35 1 .00-l .40 1 .00-l .30 - IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-19671,
IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169
z
..
a
( Part 1 )-198418
- d
55Cr3 0.50-0.60 0.10-0.35 0.60-0.80 0~60-0~80 IS : 5517-1978ll e
4OCr4 0.35-0.45 0.10-0.35 0.60-0.90 0.90-l .20 IS : 3930-1979”, IS : 4367-19671, z
IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 5517-1978”, =!
IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-I98413
5OCr4 0.45-0.55 0.10-0.35 0.60-0.90 0.90-l *20 IS : 3930-197914, IS : 4367-19671 ,”
103Cr4 0.95-l .lO 0.10-0.35 0.25-0.45 0.90-l .20 rs : 4398-197215 I
( Cmtinue~ ) g
_~
TABLE 1 SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOS[T[ON FOR STANDARD STEEL--m Cod
DESIONAT~~O~ * CHEMICAL COMPOSITION. PEKCENT REFERENCE TO RENVANT ZNDJAN g
* -7 STANDARDS
I
2
C Si Mfl Ni Cl- Mo V Al B r\
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (IO) (11) w

:::z
5OCr4v2
O.YO-1 .20
0.95-l .lO
0.45-0.55
0.10-0.35
0.10-0.35
0.10-0~35
0.40-0.80
0.25-0.45
0.50-0.80
I .00-l .60
I ,40-l .60
0.90-I .20 0~15-6~30 -
-
IS : 4398-1972’”
IS : 3195-19824, IS : 4367-19671,
!5
,’
IS : 4368-1967a I
42Cr6Vl 0.38-0.46 O.IO-0.35 0~50-0~80 I .40-l .70 0.07-0.12 - z
6oCr4V2 0.55-0.65 0.10-0.35 0.80-I *IO - 0.90-l .20 0.15,Min - IS : 3195-19824 z!z
21Cr4Mo2 0.26, Mar 0.10-0.35 0.60-0.90 -. 0.90-I .20 IS : 4367-1967’, IS : 4368-1Y672
42Cr4Mo2 0.38-0.45 0. IO-O.35 0.60-0.90 - 0.90-l .20 - IS : 3930-197911, IS : 4367-1967’.
IS : 4368-19672, IS: 5517-1978l*
IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413
07Cr4Mo6 0.12, MUX 0.15-0.60 0~40-0~70 0.30, Mns 0.70-I .lO 0.45-O ‘65 - -- IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-1967”
15Cr13Mo6 0~10-0~20 0.15-0.35 0’40-0.70 0.30, Max 2.90-3.40 0.45-0.65 - IS : 5517-197811
2SCr13Mo6 0.20-0.30 0.10-0.35 0.40-0.70 0.30, Mnx 2.90-3.40 0.45-0.65 1s : 5517-1978’l IS : 11169
(Part 1 )-198$=
4OCr5Mo6 0.35-0.45 0.10-0~35 0.40-O .70 0.40, A4o.v 1 .00-l .50 0.50-0.70 ..-
lOCr20Mo6 0.15, Max 0.50, Max 0.40-0.70 0.30, Max 4.0-6’0 0.45-O. 65 -
2OCr2Mo6 0.15-0.25 O-50, Max 0.40-0.70 0.30, Max 4.0-6.0 0.45-0.65 - -
a 35CrSMo6V2 0.25-0.45 0.10-0.35 0~40-0~70 0.30, MUX I .00-l .50 0~50-0~80 0.20-0.30 -
4OCr13MolOV2 0.35-0.45 0.10-0.35 0~40-0~70 0.30, Max 3 .oo-3.50 0.90-I *IO 0.15-0.25 - IS : 5517-1978”
4OCr7AllOMo2 o-35-0.45 0.10-0.45 0.40-0.70 0.30, Max I -50-I .80 0.10-0.25 - 0.90-l .30 IS : 5517-19781’
4ONi14 0.35-0.45 0.10-0.35 0.50-0.80 3.20-3.60 0.30, Max - IS : 3444-198716, 1s : 3930-197914,
IS : 5517-19781’
16Ni3Cr2 0.12-0.20 0.15-0.35 0.60-I .oo 0.60-I .OO 0~40-0~80 IS : 4432-1Y678
16Ni4Cr3 0.12-0.20 0.15-0.35 0.60-l .oo 0.80-l .20 0.60-l .OO IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413
13Ni13Cr3 0*10-0~15 0.15-0.35 0~40-0~70 3 .oo-3 50 0.60-l .OO IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-19672,
IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-I98413
lSNi13Cr3Mo2 0.12-0.18 0.15-0.35 0.30-0.60 3.00-3.75 0.60-l .lO 0, IO-O.25
3SNiSCr2 0*30-0.40 O.lO-0.35 0.60-0.90 1.00-l .50 0.45-0.75 - IS : 3930-197Y1*, IS : 4367-19671,
TS : 4368-19672, IS : 5517-197811,
IS : 11169 (Part 4)-198413
3ONil6CrS 0.26-0.34 0.10-0.35 0~40-0~70 3.90-4.30 1’ 10-l ,40 IS : .5517-197811
1SNiSCr4Mol 0.12-0.18 0.15-0.35 0.60-l .OO 1.00-l .50 0.75-l ,25 0.08-0.15 IS : 4367-l 967l, IS : 4368-1967a,
IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169
( Part 1 )-19841a
15Ni7Cr4Mo2 0.12-O. 18 0.15-0.35 0.60-l .OO 1.50-2.00 0.75-1.25 0~10-0~20 - _ IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 4432-19678,
IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-198413
4ONi6Cr4Mo2 0.35-0.45 0.10-0.35 0~40-0~70 1.20-l .60 0.90-l .30 0~10-0~20 - - - IS : 3930-1979l’. IS : 5517-1978l’
4ONi6Cr4Mo3 0.35-0.45 0.10-0.35 0.40-0.70 1.25-l .75 0.90-l .30 0.20-0.35 - - IS : 3930-19;9l;, IS : 4367-1967l,
IS : 5517-197811
16Ni6Cr7Mo3 0.14-O-19 0.15-0.35 0.40-0.60 1 .40-l .70 I .50-1.80 0.25-0.35
2ONi7Cr2Mo2 0.17-0.22 0.15-0.35 0.45-0.65 1.65-2.00 0.40-0.60 0.20-0.30 -
31NilOCr3Mo6 0.27-0.35 0~10-0~35 0.40-0.70 2.25-2-75 0~50-0~80 0~40-0~70 - - - rs : 3930-19791‘ IS : 5517-
197811 ’
4ONilOCr3 Mo6 0.36-0.44 0*10-0*35 0~40-0*70 2.25-2.75 0*50-0*80 0.40-0.70 - - IS : 4368-1967a, IS : 5517-
197811
16Ni8Cr6Mo2 0~12-0~20 0.15-0.35 ~0~4&0*70 1.80-2.20 1.40-l *70 0.15-0.25 - - IS : 4367-1967r, IS : 4368-
1%7*, IS : 11169(Part l)-
1984”
20Ni7Mo2 0.17-0.22 O-15-0.35 0.45-0.65 I-65-2-00 - 0~20-0~30 - - - IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169
(Part 1 )-198413
20Ni2Cr2Mo2 0*18-0.23 0.15-O-35 0.70-0.90 0.40-0.70 0~40-0~60 0.1X0.25 - - - IS : 4132-1967n, 1.8 : 11169
( Part I )-198413
18ClOBT 0.15-0.20 0.15-0*30 0.80-l ~10 0~10-0~30 - - - 0.000 5-0.003 -_
XT1 60048 1~50-1~70 0.10-0.35 0~2.5-0~50 - ll*O-13.0 0.80, Max 0.80, Max - - -
35c8BT 0.31-0.36 0.10-0*35 0.60-l .oo -- 0~10-0~30 (optional) ’ - 0.000 50.003 -
2lClOBT~ 0.18-0.23 0.15-0.30 0.80-l *l - - - - 0.000 5-0.003 IS : 11169 ( Part I )-198413
26ClOBTt 0.23-0.29 0~15-0~30 0.90-l -2 - - - - 0.000 5-0.003 IS : 11169 ( Patt I )-198415
34c14BTt 0.32-0.37 0.15-0*30 120-l *so -- - - - - o-000 5-O-003 IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-1984r5
38Cr4BT 0.35-0.40 0.15-0.30 0~30-0*50 - o-95-1*15 - - - 0.000 5-0~003 IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413
3OCr4Mo2 O-28-0.33 0*10-0*35 040-0*80 - 0*80-l-10 0.15-0.28 - - - -
lXr6Ni6 0.12-0.18 O-15-0.35 0.40-0*60 1.40-l .70 1.40-1.70 - - - - -

Nom-In special cases, it may be desirable that the range of carbon content should be more closely controlled than in the ranges specified above. When this is necessary.
restricted ranges of carbon may be agreed to between the supplier and the purchaser, in which case any specified mechanical properties shall also be the subject of agreerrent.
Ln *See IS : 1762 (Part l)-1974 Code for designation of steel : Part 1 Based on letter symbols (first revision ).
1SuEx BT indicates boron treated steel.
1 Specitication for alloy and tool steel forgings for general industrial use.
a Specification for alloy steel bits, blooms and slabs for forgings for general engineering purposes.
* Specification for cold rolled steel strip for springs (first revision ).
’ Specification for steel for the manufacture of volute and helical springs (for railway rolling stock ) ( second revision ).
6 Specification for steel for manufacture of volute, helical and laminated springs for automotive suspension ( second’revision ).
6 Specification for aluminized steel core wire for aluminium conductors (ACSR).
’ Specification for steel for spring washers (firsf revision ).
* Specification for case. hardening steels.
0 Specification for steel plates for pressure vessels used at moderate and low temperature (first revision ).
10 Speci8cation for steel billets, bars and sections for boilers (fist revision ).
11 Specithzation for steels for hardening and tempering (first revision ).
1* Specification for steels for electrically welded round link chains.
Is Specification for steels for cold heading/cold extrusion applications: Par: 1 Wrought carbon and low alloy steels.
14 Specification for flame and induction hardening steels (first revisioir ).
X5Specification for carbon-chromium steel for the manufacture of balls, rollers and bearing races (first revision ).
16 Specification for corrosion resistant high alloy steel and nickel based castings for general applications ( second revision ).
IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR PLATES, SECTIONS, BARS, BILLETS AND
FORGINGS IN THE HOT ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION
( Clause 2.3 )
DESIGNATION TENSILE 0.2 PERCENT ELONC%TION,
STRENGTH PRooF STR~, PERCENTAGE
MPa* Min (I~S&~IFIED) GLLiiSdi-

(1) (2) (3) (4)

llC15 I 270 26
460-560
430.530 250 26

320 iii :;
2oc15
%% 1::
i 540-640
490.590
510:610 290
280
310
350 zi
20 Over 100 and
up to 150

570-670 350 ii
27Cl5 i 570-670 zz 20
570-670 300
540-640
540-640 290 z

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.102 0 kgf/mm*.

,TABLE 3 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR COLD DRAWN 1.5 PERCENT MANGANESESTEEL BARS
( CIause 2.3 )
DESIGNATION TENSILESTRENQTH ELONGATION,PEWENTAGE LIMITINGRUL&G
MPa+ GL;ifi65dr SECTION
mm
(1) (2) (3) (4)

2OCl5 1: Over 20 and up to 40


12 Over 40 and up to 63

TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDENED
AND TEMPERED CONDITION-OIL HARDENED UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED
( Clause 2.4 )

DESIGNATION TENSILE 0.2 PERCENT ELONGATION IwD IMPACT BRINEU~ LIMITJNG


STRENGTH PRooF STRW, PIWXNTAGE VALUE, HARDNESS RULJNG
MPa* Min, MPa* GL 5;;dA Mitt, Joule HBS SECTION
mm
(1) (2) (3) (4) (6) (7)
2oc15 590-740 390 18 170-217
690-840 450 16 201-248 !i
27Cl5 590-740 18 170-217 100
690-840 i% 16 201248 63
390 170-217 150
37c15 ZZ$
790:940
490
550
100
%-z; 30
890-1040 650 255:311 15
690-840 490 150
790-940 550 %% 100
35Mn6Mo3 1 890-1040 650 25i311 63
990-l 140 750 285-341 30
790-940 550 16 229-277 150
35Mn6Mo4 890-1040 650 255-311 100
990-l 140 750 1: 285-341 63
(Conf hued)

6
IS : 1570( Part 4) - 1988’

TABLE 4 SPECJFJEJI MECHANICAL PROPJJRTJBS FOR BARS AND FORGJNGIS JN THE HARDWED
AND TBMJ’ERJJD CONDJTJON-OJL HARDENED UNLJISS OTHERwIlSE STATED - Contd

DESIGNATION %N~LE EL~~JGATI~N


PmCeNTAl3E
%cTH s ypi- Min, Joule HBS

(2) (4) (9
690-840
790940
I 890-l 040
%
650
z:
50

700-850 490 13 150


4OCr4Mo2 800-950 12
900-l 050 z ‘z!
I 1000-l 150 750 :: 30
490 14 201-248 150
15Cr13Mo6 %zz 550 z: 229-277 150
89& p$ :: 50 255-311
25Cr%o6 % 10 285-341 ;:
1090:1240 830 9 z 311-363 100
{ 1 540, Mitt 1240 8 14 444, Min 63
1340, Mitt 1050 8 21 363, Min 63
4OCr13MolOV2 { 1 540, Min 1240 8 14 444, Min 30

880-l 030 690 68 265-310 100


42Cr6Vl 980-I 180 780 lf 295-350
t 1 080-I 280 880 10 :; 320-380 :;

690840 490 18 55 150


4OCr7Al lOMo2 790-940 550 55 100
1 890-l 040 650 :: 48 63
790-940 550 16 100
4ONil4 { 890-l 040 650 15 z: 63
690-840 490 201-248 150
35NiSCr2 790-940 550 z:
{ 890-l 040 650 50 %z: Y3
( air hardened)
30Ni 16Cr5 1540, Min 1240 8 14 444, Min 150
(oil hardened)

790-940 550 16 55 150


4ONi6Cr4Mo2 890-l 040 15 55 z-::: 100
990-l 140 z: 48 285-341
I 1090-l 240 830 :: 41 311-363
790-940 550 150
890-l 040 650
750
f2
13
z zz:
;t?z
40Ni6Cr4Mo3 990-l 140 2851341
830 11 : 311-363 63
: ~~:f z 930 10 30 341-401
I 1540, Min 1240 6 11 444, Min z:

c ;;y 7: 255-311 150


% 3: : 285-341 150
31NilOCr3Mo6 ; y&J:; z 830 41 100
1 930 :: 35 zz:
11 54O;Min 1240 8 14 444, Min 6633

4ONilOCr3Mo6 990-l 140 12 285-341 150


1 090-l 240 78:: $ 31 l-363 150
1 190-l 340 930 :r!l 35 341-401 150
1 540, Min 1240 8 14 444, Min 100

*l MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.102 0 kgf/mm*.


+Hardness given in this table is for guidance only.

7
IS:1570(Part4)-1988

TABLE 5 LIMITING RULING SECTIONS (in mm) OF HARDENED AND TEIMPERED STEELS FOR
DIFFERENT RANGES OF TENSILE STRENGTH
( Clause 2.4 )
DESIGNATION TENSILE STRENGTH, MPa
~------_-_.-_-_----__ -_-_A_p_ ---
520-740 690-840 190-940 890-l 040 990-l 140 1090-l 240 1 190-l 340 1.5~ ’

2OC15 63 30 - - - - - -
27Cl5 100 63 - -
37c15 150 100 30 15
35Mn6Mo3 - 150 100 63 30 - - -
35Mn6Mo4 - - 150 100 63 - - -
4004 100 63 30 - - -
42Cr6Vl 7
- - 100 30 15 - -
4OCr4Mo2 - 150 100 63 30 - - -
15Cr13Mo6 and 150 150 150 150 100 - 63
25Crl3Mo6
4OCr13MolOV2 - - - - - - 63 30
4OCr7A110Ao2 - 150 100 63 - - - -
4ONi14 - - 100 63
35NiSCr2 - 150 100 63
30Ni16CrS - - - - - - 63

(air

hardz?:d)
(oil
hardened)
4ONi6Cr4Mo2 - - 150 100 63 30 - -
4ONi6Cr4Mo3 - - 150 150 100 63 30 30
31NilOCr3Mo6 - - - 150 150 100 63 63
4ONilOCr3Mo6 - - - - 150 150 150 100

TABLE 6 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING


SBCTIONS, OIL QUENCHING
(Ckwse 2.4)
WIDTHOPSECTION THICKNESSOFSECTION
mm mm
.
-G----- 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 ’ 120 140’
Diameter of Equivalent Rounds, mm
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
10 10 - - - - - - - - -
20 14 21 - - - - - -
30 16 26 32 - - - - -
40 17 29 : 48
43 -54 - -
50 17 31 - -
60 17 32 43 51 59 65, - - - -
80 17 32 46 57 66 74 87 - -
100 17 33 47 60 71 80 96 10s - -
120 17 33 48 62 74 85 102 117 130 -
140 17 33 48 63 76 88 108 125 140 152
160 17 33 48 63 77 90 112 131 148 X
180 17 33 48 63 77 91 115 136 154 X
200 17 33 48 63 78 92 117 140 X X
225 17 33 48 63 78 92 119 143 X X
250 17 33 48 63 78 92 120 145 X X
300 17 33 48 63 78 92 121 148 X X
350 and over 18 33 49 63 78 92 121 150 X X
;: = Greater than 160 mm.

8
IS : 1570( Part 4) - 1988

TABLE 7 CONVERSION OF RECTANGUiAR AND SQUARE INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTION


AlR COOLlNG
( Clarrse 2.4 )
WIDTH OF SECTION THICKNESSOF SECTION
mm mm
r---- ~.~ _--_h---------_- L
-------7
10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140
Diameter of Equivalent Rounds, mm
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)
- - - - -
10 10
- - -
20 13 20
30 - - - -
30 15 24
34 40 - - - -
40 16 27
- -
50 16 29 38 45 51 - - -
41 49 55 61 - - - -
60 17 30
45 54 62 70 81 - - -
80 17 32
47 58 68 76 90 102 - -
100 17 33
120 17 34 49 62 72 82 98 111 122 -
140 17 34 50 64 76 86 104 119 132 142
160 17 34 51 66 79 90 109 126 140 152
180 18 35 51 67 81 93 114 132 148 X
200 18 3.5 52 68 83 95 117 137 154 X
225 18 35 52 69 85 98 121 142 X X
250 18 36 53 70 86 100 125 147 X X
300 18 37 54 71 88 104 131 155 X X
350 and over 20 39 59 78 97 115 152 X X X
x -Greater than 160 mm.

TABLE 8 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR WEAR RESISTING STEEL IN THE


HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION
( C/awe 2.5 )
DESIGNATION TENSILE 0 ‘2 PERCENT ELONGATION lzo~ IMPACT, BRINELL LIMITING
STRENGTH PROOFSTRESS PERCENTAGE VALUE, Min HARDNESS RULING
MPa* Min, MPa* GL 5;;dA, Joule HBS SECTION,
mm
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
55Cr3 890-l 040 650 12 35 255-311 63
990-l 140 730 10 17 285-341 63
NOTE - Hardness given in this table is for guidance only.

TABLE 9 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR CASE HARDENING STEELS IN THE


REFINED AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES )
( Clarrse 2.6 )
DESIGNATION TENSILE STRENGTH. ELONGATION,PERCENTAGE IZ~D IMPACTVALUE,
Min, MPa* GL 5.65t/z, Min Min, Joule
(1) (2) (3) (4)
llC15 590 17 55
15Cr3 590 13 - 48
16Ni3Cr2 690 I5 41
16MnXr4 790 10 35
16Ni4Cr3 840 12 41
13Ni13Cr3 840 12 48
20MnSCr5 990 8 38
15NiSCr4Mol 990 9 41
15Ni7Cr4Mo2 1 080 9 35
15Nil3Cr3Mo2 1 080 8 35
16Ni8Cr6Mo2 1 340 9 35
NOTE-Whenever the core strength exceeds 1 000 MPa, the ruling section may be same as that of the diameter of
the test piece.
*I MPa = 1 N/mm* -= 0.1 020 kgf/mm*.
IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

TABLE 10 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR STEEL SHEET AND STRIP


( Clurlse 2.7 )

DESIGNATION CONDITION TENSILE O-2 PERCENT BRINELL


STRENGTH, PROOFSTRESS, HARDNW
Mitt, MPa* Min, MPa* Max, HBS

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)


[Softened 470, Min - 200
( Hot rolled and normalized or normalized and 540, Min - -
2oc15 tempered
1 Hardened and tempered or cold rolled and 790-990 610
1 tempered
Softened 230
Hardened and tempered or cold rolled and 890-1 090 740 -
47c1.5
tempered
Hardened and tempered 1 140-l 340 990 -

Softened 212
21 Cr4Mo2 Hardened and tempered or cold rolled and 790-990 610 -
tempered
Hardened and tempered 1 140-l 340 990

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.1020 kgf/mm*.

TABLE 11 SPECIFIED TENSILE LXMI’TS FOR TUBES


( Clause2. 7)

DESIGNATION CONDITION TENSILE O-2 PERCWT ELONGATION,


STRENGTH, PERCBNTAQE,
Min, MPa* ?%%3, GL 547; ,/A

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)


f Annealed 470 270’I
1Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 550 450

2oc15 1 +F;:i and tempered or cold drawn and 630 510

I Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 710 590


1 tempered

Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 550 450


tempered
27C15 Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 630 510
1 tempered
4OCr4 and 5OCr4 Hardened and tempered 1 090 890

Normalized and tempered, hardened and tem- 550 450 9 310


f pered or cold drawn and tempered Actual tensile
Normalized and tempered, hardened and tern-- 630 570 strength (MPa)
pered or cold drawn and tempered
21Cr4Mo2 { Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 710 590
i tempered
I Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 790 640
j tempered _
LHardened and tempered 190 990

4OCr4Mo2 Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and 710 590


tempered
1 o;o 890
30Nil6Cr5 Hardened and tempered 1 190 1090
1 290 1 090

31NilOCr3Mo6 Hardened and tempered

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.1 020 kgf/mma.


IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

TABLE 12 TENTATIVE HARDENABILITY LIMITS FOR SPECIFIED HARDENABILITY


OF BORON STEELS

( Cluuse 2.11 !
DISTANCE’FROMQUENCHED HARDNESS.HRC
END, mm (inch) c
18ClOBT 21ClOBT 35C8BT 26ClOBT 34C14BT 38CdMn;B;
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
1.58 (l/W 46 39 48 41 58 51 52 45 58 50 60 52
3.10 (2/16) 45 37 47 40 56 50 51 44 57 50 59 52
4.76 (3/16) 42 32 46 38 55 46 50 43 56 49 58 51
6.35 (4/16) 38 22 44 30 54 43 48 41 55 48 57 50
7.93 (5/16) 37 20 40 20 52 37 46 34 54 43 56 48
9.52 (6/16) 35 14 35 - 49 26 45 25 53 37 55 44
11.11 (7/16) 32 12 32 - 46 22 42 - 52 33 54 40
12.7 (8/16) 30 10 27 - 38 20 35 - 51 26 53 36
14.29 (9/16) - - 22 - 36 19 32 - - - 50 34
15.87 (10/16) - - 20 - 30 18 28 - 46 22 48 30
17.46 (11/16) - - - - 28 - 26 - - - 46 26
19.05 (12/16) - - 27 - 22 - 45 21 44 24
20.64 (13/16) - - - - - - - - 42 22
12.22 (14/16) - - - - 26 - - - 43 20 38 20
25.4 (16/16) - - 25 - - - 38 -
28.57 (18/16) - - - - - - - -
31.75 (20/16) - - 24 - - - 32 -
34.92.(22/16) - - - - - - - - - -
38.10 (X/16) - - 22 - - - 30 -
41.27 (26/16) - - - - - - - - - -
44.45 (28116) - - 20 - - - 28 -
47.62 (30/16) - - - -- - - - -
50-S (32/16) - - - - - - 27 -

11
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