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National Museum of Pakistan: Case Study

Conference Paper · June 2010


DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2145.6324

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 1

National Museum Pakistan, Karachi. Case study


By

Muhammad Yousuf Ali


Defence Central Library DHA, Karachi
e-mail : usuf12@gmail.com

&

Prof Malahat Kalim Sherwani.


Chairperson Department of Library & Information Science,
University of Karachi
malahatks@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Libraries and Museums help create vibrant, energized learning communities. As

steward of cultural heritage, information and ideas, museums and libraries have

traditionally played a vital role in the helping us experience, explore, discover and make

sense of the world. Museum play fundamental role in the archaeology, transforming the

process of discovery into a long-term resources for reinterpreting the past.

Museums are the main source of the formal and informal education unfortunately

in our society we neglected the role of museum as knowledge hub. NMP has valuable and

unobtainable collections but mostly general public and students are unaware about these

objects. This is very attractive place for students, local and foreign researcher and scholars

of archeologist, historian, arts and social scientist to gain knowledge about old these

objects. As learning institutions museum are not given respect. The scope of this study is

to highlight the important and significant role of National Museum of Pakistan.

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 2

INTRODUCTION

Human heritage and its old civilization are being usually transferred from the one

generation to another generation. The transformation of objects of old civilization and

their culture, customs & any other historical monuments keep in museum. In this context

role of museums became very significant.

Museum services are not just for the here-and-now, but also for posterity .The

public interest in museums is not just in displays, but also in the fruits of research

undertaken on museum collections. Collections may lack glamour, but they form the

foundation of everything that museums do, both in research and in public education.

Museums have historically been centers of research, education, and public outreach.

PURPOSE

Libraries and museums offer the public unprecedented access and expertise in

transforming information overload into knowledge. National Museum of Pakistan,

Karachi is very eye-catching place for students, local and foreign researcher and scholars

of archeologist, historian, arts and social scientist to gain knowledge from these old

objects.

LIMITATION

This study is to cover National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi which is its vast

subject because of its contribution in historical research and rich collection to scholar

know more about the archaeology, engineering construction, writing history, and culture

information of different civilization. Therefore only following aspects of research have

been taken into account:-

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 3

1. Brief and general introduction of Museum

2. General information of National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi

3. Galleries of NMP, Karachi at glance

METHODOLOGY

Basically the case study has been apply in this research with some other fact

finding tools have been used in this research paper, were to complete the information

following steps have been taken. A questionnaire form fills by the management. An

Interview has also conducted to Mr Zubair Ahmed Madni, Mr Saeed Akhtar Librarian of

National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi. Searching also made through internet. Frequently

visits were made for checking and ascertaining the information.

MUSEUM

It is evident by the history of mankind that the records of knowledge gained by

him increased gradually. Man’s thirst of knowledge and his curious nature lead him from

known to unknown and he tried to kept all the records he gained by the passage of time.

Increase in knowledge made him more creative. He invented different methods and means

to preserve these records. All these records generally preserved by the man of a specific

age by himself, but used by the man of another age for the study of the past. Some times

not only these records were used to understand the different culture or to study the

anthropology but the real evidences buried in the sand or lost in the depth of the sea were

also dug out by the archeologists. Need to preserve all these objects in some secure place

was felt, hence the Museum emerged. (Aberdeen Art gallery, websites

http://www.aagm.co.uk/AboutUs/glossary.aspx )

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 4

“A building or place where works of art, scientific specimens, or other objects of


permanent value are kept and displayed 1”

TYPES OF MUSEUM
A Museum normally houses a core collection of important objects in it own field. Rapidly

changes in all branches of Knowledge as same there are different types of Museum were

built in last century. Museum can be distinguish by it’s collection of nature mostly

museum are History Museums, Art museum, Science Museum, Military Museum.

PURPOSE OF MUSEUM
It is a hub of old human civilization, Archaeological, customs and culture.

Archeological museum has following purpose:-

a. Safeguard Human Heritage

b. Access to Artifacts & Specimens

c. Collection of Inspiration for Learning

d. Transformation of Knowledge and Research

e. Promote tourism and culture.

f. Extra curriculum activities

RICH CULTURAL HERITAGE OF PAKISTAN

The cultural Heritage of Pakistan is spread over the thousand of years, starting

from pre-historic time to the present day. There is plenty of evidence from the pre-historic

and historic period to support to this argument, e.g. fossil jaws of apes, circa 14 Millions

year ago found from photohar. They belong to “Sivapithecus Pakininsis”, said to be the

ancestor of Man. A 2 Million Years old earliest stone hand axe. Now it is displayed in

Islamabad Museum, Islamabad (Feather & Sturges, 2003).

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 5

In subcontinent Madras museum is considered to be oldest museum in Indo-Pak

which was established in 1818 by the British government. The legacy of our predecessors

at the time of our independence, on August 14, 1947, came to us a treasure which may be

called as Pakistan’s national heritage. Pakistani Nation can feel of proud it’s glorious Past,

Pre Islamic and Post Islamic, period as far back as pre-historic times. Pakistan is

equivalent the world oldest civilization like China, India, and Egypt etc (Cummings,

1991).

In Pakistan, Museums are initially working with education ministry but later

Department of Archaeological & Museum (DOAM) handed over to Ministry of Cultures.

12 Archeological Museums are controlled by the Federal Government of Pakistan.

Besides, these museums near about 13 Archaeological Museums are working with

provincial government ministry.

Government of Pakistan has constituted different rules for the protection of

antiquities and excavation of archaeological site, the foreigner as well as the local

organizations. List of these laws are known as under:-

1. Antiquities Act 1975

2. Excavation Ordinance for the 2001

There are 51 foreigners group and delegations are engaged in the excavation of

different archaeological sites in Pakistan. Moreover, These Acts/Rules often antiquities

are caught by the customs officials in different airports and ships.

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PAKISTAN, KARACHI


(PART I GENERAL)

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 6

National museum of Pakistan is the more prominent institution in the country. It

contains a rich collection, of objects which portraits a colorful picture of Pakistani regions.

National Museum having outstanding position from its national value.

LOCATION
The National Museum of Pakistan (NMP) is situated in the Burns Garden of and

can easily be approached from all parts of the city. The Burns Garden forms a rough

quadrangle encircled by Muhammad Bin Qasim Road and Din Muahammad Wafai Road,

Sharah-e-Kamal Ataturk Road and Ziauddin Ahmed Road. The Public entrance is towards

the S.M. Law College.

BUILDING

Originally, the Museum was established in the historical building of Jinnah Hall (formerly

known as Farer Hall). Although it as an impressive building but hardly to meet the

requirement of a museum.

Presently, Burns garden Building is a multistory building and consisted on four

floors and different floors of building have different segment. The area of building is

3,888 sq yard. Only ground and first floor are used for the museum display galleries. The

Building is specifically designed for the purpose of museum. There is a green lash Burns

garden lawn has an area about 54,000 sq. yards.

TIMING

a. For Museum & Display Galleries


DAYS TIMING

Thursday to Tuesday 10 am to 5 pm

Display Galleries are closed 1 to 2 pm for Prayer Break & Lunch

b. For Administration Office


DAYS TIMING

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 7

Monday to Saturday 8:30 am to 3 pm

Friday 8:30 am to 12 pm

Sunday Closed

VISITORS
Museum is center point of gathering objects, monuments, antiquities, etc. which

often creates interest of general public, students, researchers, scholars and others.

Following categories of users visit the museum frequently:-

a. Students

b. General public

c. Foreigners

d. Government and foreign Delegation/dignitaries

e. Researcher/scholars

ENTRY FEES

Entry fees of the different category are mentioned below:-

1. Students alongwith teachers Free

2. General Public Rs. 10

3. Foreigners Rs. 200

4. Government Delegation Free

5. Researcher/Scholar* Free

*(Research base information provide by approval of competent authority)

About 2500-3000 students visit the museum monthly. Museum provides

educational assistance to the students of Geography, History, Archeology and etc. 800-

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 8

100 people, plus 150-200 foreigner/tourist and a number of scholars, researchers and

historians also visit regularly.

STAFF

There are near about 122 staff approved by the Establishment division government

of Pakistan for National Museum of Pakistan. Grade 18 to 17 superintend rank gazetted

officer are appointed as director of the National Museum of Pakistan. Currently, Mr

Imrani has working as Director and Head of the Department.

Except, the director, there are three more categories of staff

1 Museum Staff

2. Technical Staff

3. Administrative Staff

EXHIBITION

Exhibitions are also a very important activity of museums. National Museum of

Pakistan, have organized different types of exhibition on various National and religious

occasions. These exhibitions are arranged on Independence Day 14th August, Pakistan day

23rd March, Birth & Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Allama

Iqbal and Koran Exhibition in the month of Ramzan.

These exhibitions are helping out introduce the museum and enhance the information and

knowledge of general public. It is also an opportunity of marketing of museum.

LIBRARY

National Museum of Pakistan has a small reference library to facilitate scholar,

researcher, students as well as museum staff. It has also very rich collection of Persian,

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 9

Arabic, Sindhi, freedom movement of Pakistan. Library has no proper system of catalogue

and classification. No proper attention has been paid on repairing and maintenance of

library. Collections are very bad condition and need of binding and fumigation for their

long life preservation.

LABORATORY BUILDING

The preservation and conservation is done regularly in museum. A laboratory was

established by the Federal Government in 1983. This laboratory is located at the ground

floor of National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi. This is the first paper conservation

laboratory in Pakistan. Two conservation Laboratories were established one at Lahore

Fort museums for objects and another at Texila museums for stone.

National Museum of Pakistan Conservation laboratory expertise in paper

conservations and its related material manuscripts, books painting but it’s also supports to

preservation and conservation of other museum objects.

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF PAKISTAN, KARACHI


GALLERIES PART II

QURANIC GALLERY

The Museum has a number unique, remarkable, antique collection of the Holy

Quran. Quranic Verses are inscripted by the renown artist on the walls of gallery in

different phonetic styles like Arabic, Persian, Nastaliq, Kufi, Turkish and Urdu languages

(Jahan, 1972).

The most eye catching volume of Holy Quarn is belonging to the period of Abbasi

Caliph Mustasim Billah written by Jalal al Din Yaqut al Mustasimi in Nuskh Script. The

different Gems gold, silver, copper are used ornament borders in pages. The Paper on

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 10

which the ‘Surah’ is written had processed by some chemical technique and even today

fragrance of rose. Undoubtedly, this is the finest example of book production of that

specific period.

Presently, more than 50 rare copies of Holy Quran and hundred of Excavated from

different sites are displayed in the Quran gallery and Islamic Arts, gallery inaugurated by

the federal minister of Culture Aftab Jilani on May 24, 2010 (National fund for cultural

Heritage, 1998).

PRE-HISTORIC GALLERY

Pre-history period can be defined as the period before the invention of writing

which is known as the Stone Age as well. In Stone Age, shapes and different symbols

were used to communicate the message.

In pre-historic gallery, some objects like tools, stone, and bangles statues belonged

the Stone Age is kept. Ruins of Moen Jo Daro the oldest civilization were discovered in

1922 near Larkana, Sindh to portray the original culture of this remarkable civilization

and the heritage of our society. In a closed case life of Moen Jo Daro was displayed very

elegant style which is the focus point of every visitor who enter in this gallery.

PROTO-HISTORY GALLERY

After the invention of writing in Greek the record of knowledge is preserved in

writing from this period is known as proto-history and cover the period form (2600 B.C.

to 1700 B.C.) Indus valley civilization is belonging to proto history it is also referred as

Matured Harappean. This is also a significant period of Pakistani History. The ruins of

Harappa were first noted by Charles Massin he made various journeys to Balchistan and

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 11

narrated his finding. On his finding excavation of the site was started in 1922. According

to his finding the historical result of Baluchistan are divided into different region.

History of Cholistan (2100 to 1600), (CHANHUNDARO 2000 to 1500 B.C.),

Moen Jo Daro and Harappa and different antiquities object i.e embroidery work, pots,

bangles, toys, made form the mud are presented.

The famous statue of “Dancing girl of the Moen Jo Daro” attracts to the visitors in

this gallery.

LATE HARAPPEN GALLERY

In this gallery the objects and statue are kept of late harappan. However the statue

of a Moen Jo Daro Presit King is also kept in this gallery. The most significant unique

feature of this statue is that he has shown wearing a Sindhi Ajrak, which is a most popular

tradition of the sindhi culture even today. It also reflects that sind has very old culture

heritage.

Finding from the LOEBANR II 1700- 1400 B.C. and Zarif Karuna 1600-1200

B.C. periods are also kept in this gallery. Some Portraits are also displayed on the wall out

side of this gallery.

GANDHARA GALLERY

“Gandhara is the ancient name of a territory comprising the Peshawar and

Rawalpindi districts of northwestern Pakistan. A cross road of commerce meeting ground

of three culture world India, Central Asia, and middle East- Gandhara developed a

distinctive electric style of art in which some of the earliest image of the Buddha were

made. During the Alexander the Great’s attacked of north India (327-325 B.C.) 5.”

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 12

Excavation at Taxila reveal that after the Asoka the area was successively occupied by the

Greeks, Central Asia, Scythians, Parthians, and Kushans.

Buddhism was adopted as the state religion which flourished and prevailed here

for over the 1000 years, starting form the 2nd B.C. until the 10th century A.D. in this time

period Taxila, Swat and chrsaddah (old Pushkalavati) became the three important centers

of the culture, trade and learning Hundreds of monasteries and stupas were built together

with Greek and Kushan town such as Sirkap and Sirsukh both in Taxila (National fund for

cultural Heritage, 1998). From this center of a unique art of sculpture originated which is

known as Gandhara Art all over the world. Today the Gandhara sculptures occupy a

prominent place in the Museum of England, France, Germany, U.S.A, Japan, Korea,

China, India and Afghanistan together with many private collections of world over as well

as the museum of Pakistan.

Rich collections of Ghandhara art are also display in National Museum of

Pakistan, Karachi. Some Stupas and Buddha are also displayed that it creates an as

atmosphere of a temple. These Stupas are also kept in open cases even visitors are all to

touch and take snaps (with permission).

ISLAMIC ART GALLERY

Islamic art gallery has very rich collection from Muhammad Bin Qasim 712 A.D.

to last Mughal Empire Budhar Shah Zafar 1836 A.D. This gallery provides a clear picture

of the history of Muslim rulers who ruled in sub-continent near about 1100 years i.e.

Muhammad Bin Qaism, Qutub uddin Abic, Muhmud Ghazanivi , Baber , Jahnagir, Shah

jahan, Akbar, Sultan Nisar, Aurgang Ziab Alamgir and others. Significant objects of

Muslim culture consists of calligraphy, painting, Handy crafts, Vases, architecture, pots,

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 13

toys, tools, weapons use in war, embroidery dresses of Islamic period etc. Presently,

Islamic art gallery is renovated by the ministry.

COIN GALLERY

Among the other relics of the past, coin occupy and eminent place. These are of

the basic sources of history. They are reflected the political, social and cultural activities

of a nation. The Numismatic Department of the National museum of Pakistan possesses

about the Ninety thousand of ancient Coins in its collection belonging to different periods

(Nasir, 1997). National Museum of Pakistan.. The credits acquirement of these invaluable

treasures goes too entirely to Museum Acquisition committee, an honorary powerful body

constituted by the government of Pakistan for the purpose. The history of coinage is traced

back to about 6th century B.C.

FREEDOM MOVEMENT GALLERY

Freedom gallery is decorated from the portrait of the freedom movement

prominent leader from Sir Syed Ahmed Khan to all including female renowned leader like

Fatima Jinnah, Begum Shaista Ikram, Begum Rana Liaquat Ali and etc.

Some personal belonging of founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam

Muhammad Ali Jinnah are also display in this gallery. In personal belonging of founder of

Pakistan are Note Book, vase, Indian Map, Cigarette, Key Lockers. Coat, Pants, shirts,

also kept in separate case. Sofa set along with table also display in this gallery which is

used by Quaid-e-Azam.

Some personal belonging of First Prime Ministry of Pakistan Nawabzada Liaquat

Ali Khan has also kept in a display case wrist watch, lighter, stick, flag, cuff buttons.

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 14

There are few books about freedom movement are also kept in this gallery like

“Asbab Baghat ul Hind” by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan India Muslim League Report 1914

other related. There are some frame pages closed in another case where student of All

India Muslim League of Allahabad and Bihar wrote Pakistan Zindabad form their blood.

ETHNOLOGY GALLERY

Ethnology gallery has collection about different ethnics groups and tribesman

which live in this region. Culture of our provinces /tribe and their lifestyle are displayed.

POSTAL STAMP

Museum has a good collection of postal stamps but these stamps are not shown in

any gallery. All these stamps are kept in a store of Museum and display only different

occasions like Independence Day, Pakistan Day, Defence day, Quaid-e-Azam day and

Iqbal day etc.

FINDING
National Museum of Pakistan limited resource doing a remarkable job. The

organization and systematic display of valuable historical objects is done impressively.

Although like all other resources items is marked as shortage of funds. But the

staff have fulfill their responsible and to guard the heritage of the nation with loyalty. We

as a nation with the service of National Museum with can proudly claim to be a conniver,

nation from the beginning of the pre-historic period of mankind to ethnological age

In their Nine galleries, the collections of unobtainable and exists Quran Hakiam,

Coins, Objects, antiquities, toys, tools, Stupa from Moen jo Daro, Taxila, and Harrapa

(Civilization of Indus Valley), Pakistan Freedom movement, Picture, Portraits and other

valuable and obtainable objects are displayed.

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 15

According to their experts proud of history it is in fact with all shortcoming and

(not may) serving the student, scholars, and researcher as an institutions of this kind

should serve.

However, the most attemptable point is that National Museum of Pakistan needs

publicity, even there is no official website developed yet. Sincerely lack of Printed

information material i.e. brochure, booklets, guide books is obvious.

CONCLUSION
The conclusion of this case study is indicating the following:-

STRENGTH

1. It is a federal government organization therefore it has a legal existence and

support.

2. As Pakistan belongs to a center of old civilization Moen jo Daro, Harappa, and

Taxila, further ruins of there are found National Museum of Pakistan. Objects

a valuable and rear some of them can not be found any where else in this

world.

3. The present building is a sustainable feature in protection and security of the

valuable objects.

WEAKNESS

1. Timing is not suitable for the general public 10 to 5 mostly public are engaged

in offices and students are in school colleges etc.

2. Ignorance of Government officials.

3. Lack of Publicity.

4. Insufficient equipment and resource for laboratory.

OPPORTUNITY

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 16

1. Interest of People specially the students in history maker a good opportunity to

the great support.

2. Evolving of a global society restriction the researcher and scholars from the

other parts of their world to tear out the roots of civilization in National

Museum of Pakistan.

THREAT

1. Shortage of funds is a reason for the poor condition.

2. Shortage of skill staff and experts.

3. Fear of damage because of poor maintenance.

4. Lack of facilities for the users.

RECOMMENDATION

To cover the weakness and to utilize the opportunities and challenge the threat the

following steps are recommended:-

1. As it is a Government organization the Department of Archeology and Museum

(DOAM) must pay due attention to the museum.

2. Funds must be increased periodically the balance of inflation and growing needs of

the museum.

3. Number of staff must be increased.

4. Training must be provided to growing and developed the available human

resources.

5. There is a land available area present building construction must be made in from

of Halls to extend the display space.

6. Timing must be revised according to convince of the public.

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 17

7. A plan for the publisher material publication of guide books, pamphlets,

newsletters, and documents must be developed and updated them.

8. Website must be developed to introduce the passions of National Museum of

Pakistan.

9. Measures should be taken to increase of Income of the Museum like the

construction of an auditorium on the land of Museum will produce the regular

income in form of Rent.

10. Last but not least is that 18th May observed the world museum day has celebrated

all over the world but there is no enthusiastic participation shown by the National

Museum of Pakistan. Cultural Program must be arranged and free for all open this

day.

Cite this Paper

Ali, M. Y., & Sherwani, M. K. (2010, June). National Museum of Pakistan: Case Study.
In PLA National Conference 2010: Intellectual & Cultural Heritage of Pakistan.

REFERENCES

1. F. Haider , Shazaf (2007, Jan, 19).Pakistan National Museum Dawn. P. 15 Sunday


Magazine http://www.dawn.com/sundaymagazine/p15 dated May 16, 2010.

2. Aberdeen Art gallery ( 1873) http://www.aagm.co.uk/AboutUs/glossary.aspx


Retrieved on 22 May 2010

3. Cummings, M. (1991). Encyclopedia Americana V13, New York, oxford University


Press. pp. 276-277.

4. Feather, J., & Sturges, P. (Eds.). (2003). International encyclopedia of information


and library science. 2nd Routledge. p 433 (6).
5.
6. Jahan, Q. (1972). Bibliography of Selected rear manuscripts in the National
Museum of Pakistan, Karachi (unpublished), Thesis, Department of Library and
Information Science, University of Karachi, Karachi. pp 6.

17
National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 18

7. Nasir, P. T. (1997). Rare Coins in the National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi.


National Museum of Pakistan.

8. National fund for cultural Heritage(1998) Culture Heritage of Pakistan Retrieved


May 26, 2010 http;//www.heritage.gov.pk/html_Pages/culture.heri.html (11)

9. National fund for cultural Heritage(1998) Gandhara Civilization Retrieved on


May 27, 2010 http://www.heritage.gov.pk/html_Pages/gandhara.html

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 19

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Elizabeth Orna & Charles Pettitt.(1980) Information Handling
in Museums, New York, K.G. Saur, 190 p.

1. Bhatti, Muhammad Ilyas.(2006). Taxila an ancient Metropolis of


Gandhara. Wazirabad: Umer Zirgham Publishing 119p. ill.
ISBN 969-8570-01-2

2. Cousens, Henry. (1998). The Antiquities of Sindh. Karachi:


Rosette Press 148 p. ill. ISBN 969-8100-14-8

3. Ishrat Hussian and Haleem Sharar (ed.). (1992) Moen Jo Daro.


Karachi International Publication. 159 p. ill.

4. Pervin T Nasir (1997)Rear Coins : In the National Museum of


Pakistan, Karachi, Time Press, 1997. ill 190 p.

5. Qamer Jahan. Bibliography of Selected rear manuscripts in the National


Museum of Pakistan, Karachi (M.A. Thesis, Department of Library and
Information Science, University of Karachi, 1972)

6. F. Haider , Shazaf . Museum and Education DAWN, Karachi.19 Jan 2007


7. Lahore Museum : A guide by Lahore Museum Publication, 71 p.
ISBN 696-35-1562-5

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 20

WEBILOGRAPHY

1. http://www.museummarket.com/

2. http://www.museumstuff.com/

3. http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/

4. http:www.wikipedia.org/en_wiki/History_of_South Aisa

5. http:www.wikipedia.org/en_wiki/Harappa

6. http:www.heritage.gov.pk/html_Pages/gandhara.html

7. http://icom.museum/vlmp/

8. http://museumstudies.si.edu/websites.htm

9. http://www.chin.gc.ca/English/Intellectual_Property/index.html

10.http://www.chin.gc.ca/English/Intellectual_Property/index.html

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 21

UNIVERSITY OF KARACHI
DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE

(National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi)

QUESTIONNAIRE FORM

Name of Interviewee :-

Designation:-

Date

I. GENERAL /BASIC INFORMATION


1. Official Name

2. Address

3. Date of Foundation

4. Authority

a. City District Government b. Provincial Govt.


c. Federal Government d. Any other

5. Head / In-charge

II. PHYSICAL FEATURES


6. Total Area
7. Building
8. Section
9. Furniture
10. Equipments

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 22

III. MATERIAL

11. Local History

12. Regional History

13. National History

14. International History

15. Total Material

16. Oldest Material

17. Latest Material

18. Most Expensive

IV. TYPES OF MATERIAL


19. Types of Material

S. No Name of Item Total Quantity

1 Rear Books/manuscripts

2 Painting

3 Calligraphy

4 Coins

5 Historical Object

6 Postage Stamps

7 Antiquities

8 Anthropology

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 23

10

V. SERVICES
20. Timing
21. Fees
22. Total Staff
23. Professional
24. Professional Category
26. Non Professional
27. Any special day celebration

VI. VISITORS
28. Daily turnout
29. Local visitor
30. Foreigners visitor
31. Delegation
32. Prominent Personality

VII . RESOURCES

33. Annual Budget


34. Annual Fees Collection
35. Any other Funding

VIII. RECORDS

36. Accession Register


37. Catalogue
38. Online URL

IX. PRESERVATION & DISPLAY

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 24

39. Chemical, Physical, Conservation (i.e. duplicate, digital etc.)

40. Display case Methods


a. Open case
b. Duplicate

X. Research & Publication


41. Research Facility
42. Reading Room
43. Access to Material

Publication

a) Books
b) Newsletter
c) Catalogue List
d) Broacher

XI. If Any other Information

(official Stamps &


Signature of Interviewee)

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 25

UNIVERSITY OF KARACHI
DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE
(Thesis Topic:- National Museum of Pakistan Karachi)
QUESTIONNAIRE FORM FOR VISITORS

Name of Interviewee:-
Age:-
Date:-
E-mail:-

Type of Users
Student
Researcher
Tourist
Any other (Specify)

Purpose of Visit
Study
Research
Interest
Hobby

Visit of Museum
Any other museum visit in Karachi (Specify Name)

Pakistan

Other Country

Services
Are you satisfied from the services?

a. Yes b. No. c. Average d. Any other

2. How is the behavior of staff?

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 26

a. V.Good b. Good c. Average d. Poor

Do you want more service?

a. Yes b. No.

Comments after Visiting the Museum.

Signature of Interviewee

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 27

WORLD HERITAGE SITE IN PAKISTAN

1. Moen-Jo-Daro
2. Taxila
3. Takht-e-Bahi.
4. Makli Hills Thatta
5. Lahore Fort
6. Shalimar Garden
7. Rohtas Fort

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 28

NATIONAL MONUMENTS

1. Quaid-e-Azam Birth Place, Wazir Mansion, Karachi

2. Quaid-e-Azam House (Flag Staff House) Karachi

3. Mohata Palace, Karachi

4. Zirrat Residency, Quetta

5. Khaliq Dina Public Hall & Library, Karachi

6. Mausoleum of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Karachi

7. Jawed Manzil Lahore

8. Tomb of Allama Mohammad Iqbal, Lahore

9. Islamic Summit Minar, Lahore

10. Residency of Prof. Dr. Abdus Salam, Jhang

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National Museum Pakistan, Karachi case study 29

MUSEUMS UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF


ARCHAEOLOGY AND MUSEUMS
GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

1. National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi.

2. Quaid-e-Azam House Museum, Karachi.

3. Quaid-e-Azam Birth Place House Museum, Karachi.

4. Archaeological Museum Banbhore.

5. Archaeological Museum Moenjodaro.

6. Archaeological Museum, Harappa.

7. Allama Iqbal House Museum, Lahore.

8. Allama Iqbal Birth Place House Museum, Sailkot.

9. Archaeological Site Museum Taxila.

10. Islamabad Museum, Islamabad.

11. Archaeological Site Museum, Swat.

12. Umerkot Fort Museum, Umerkot

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