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NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

GES J.05

TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTS

Rev Date Description Checked Approved


0 1999 Issued for Implementation DL

Compiled by Teknica (UK) Ltd


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.05
TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTS Page 2 of 18
Rev 0 1999

INDEX

SECTION TITLE PAGE

1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION 4

1.1 Introduction 4
1.2 Other NOC Specifications 4
1.3 Data Sheets 4

2.0 DEFINITIONS 4

2.1 Technical 4
2.2 Contractual 5

3.0 DESIGN 5

3.1 Codes and Standards 5


3.2 General Requirements 6
3.3 Temperature Elements and Thermowells 7
3.4 Temperature Transmitters 10
3.5 Temperature Switches 10
3.6 Local Thermometers 11
3.7 Temperature Indicating, Recording and Controlling Instruments 11

4.0 MATERIALS 12

4.1 General Requirements 12


4.2 Thermowells 12

5.0 MANUFACTURE 12

5.1 Certification and Labelling 12

6.0 INSTALLATION 13

6.1 Location and Accessibility 13


6.2 Local Thermometers 13
6.3 Thermowells 13

7.0 INSPECTION 14

7.1 Procedures 14
7.2 Tagging 14

8.0 TESTING 14

8.1 Factory Testing 14


8.2 Field Testing 14
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SECTION TITLE PAGE

9.0 DOCUMENTATION 15

9.1 Introduction 15
9.2 Schedules and Reports 15
9.3 Use in Hazardous Areas 15

10.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT 15

10.1 Painting and Coatings 15


10.2 Spares 15
10.3 Packing 16
10.4 Shipping 16
10.5 Warranty 16

FIGURE 1 17
FIGURE 2 18

ISA FORMS S20.11a


S20.11b
S20.12a
S20.12b
S20.13a
S20.13b
S20.14a
S20.14b
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1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION

1.1 Introduction

1.1.1 This specification covers the minimum requirements for the design, specification, material
selection, installation, inspection, testing, documentation and preparation for shipment of
temperature measuring and transmitting instruments and switches.

1.1.2 In the event of any conflict between this specification and the data sheets, or with any
applicable codes and standards, the Vendor/Contractor shall inform the Owner and obtain
written clarification or authorisation from the Owner before proceeding with the work.

1.1.3 This General Engineering Specification shall form part of the Purchase Order/Contract.

1.2 Other NOC Specifications

The following NOC General Engineering Specifications are an integral part of this
specification and any non-compliance will have to be approved by the Owner:

GES A.06 - Site Data

GES C.55 - Field Installation, Calibration and Testing of Instruments

GES L.31 - Area Classification

GES L.36 - Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas

GES X.06 - Factory Coatings of Electrical Equipment and Instruments

1.3 Data Sheets

The technical data supplied by the Owner for the temperature instruments is given on the
Data Sheets which are included at the end of this specification. The Vendor/Contractor shall
complete the Data Sheets with the remaining information.

2.0 DEFINITIONS

2.1 Technical

The technical terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

Accuracy

A quantity specifying the maximum deviation of the measured value from the true value.

Repeatability

The variation between two measurements by the same instrument under identical conditions.

Hysterisis

The difference between the two arithmetic means of error for the same output when
approached from opposite directions, i.e. rising and falling.
Drift
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The maximum deviation of the mean of a value within a specified time at a constant input.

Common Mode Rejection

The ability of an input to reject a common mode signal (same voltage, frequency and phase
on both inputs). This is expressed in decibels.

2.2 Contractual

The commercial terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

Owner

The oil and gas company, an associate or subsidiary, who is the end user of the equipment
and facilities.

Vendor

The company supplying the equipment and material.

Contractor

The main contractor for a defined piece of work.

Sub-Contractor

A company awarded a contract by a contractor to do part of the work awarded to the


Contractor.

Inspection Authority

The organisation representing the Owner or Vendor/Contractor that verifies that the
equipment and facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in accordance
with the requirements of this specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

Inspector

A qualified individual representing the Owner, Vendor/Contractor or the assigned


Inspection Authority, who verifies that the equipment and facilities have been designed,
constructed, inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of this specification
and the Purchase Order/Contract.

3.0 DESIGN

3.1 Codes and Standards

The temperature instruments manufactured to this specification shall conform to the


following codes and standards:

ANSI B2.1 - Pipe Threads (except Dryseal)

ANSI B16.5 - Steel Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ANSI C96.1 - Temperature Measurement Thermocouples

ANSI/UL 1203 - Explosion-proof and Dust-ignition-proof Electrical


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Equipment for use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations

API RP 551 - Process Measurement Instrumentation:


Installation Design and Practice

ASME PTC 19.3 - Instrument and Apparatus Temperature Measurement

BS 2765 - Dimensions of Temperature Detecting Elements and


Corresponding Pockets

BS 5345: Parts 1-7 - Selection, Installation and Maintenance of Electrical


Apparatus in Explosive Atmospheres

BS 6739 - Instrumentation in Process Control Systems

IEC 60529 - Classification of Degrees of Protection Provided by


Enclosures

IEC 584 (BS4937) - International Thermocouple Reference Tables

IEC 60079 - Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Atmospheres

IEC 751 - Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometer Sensors

IEC 801 - Electromagnetic Compatibility for Industrial Process


Measurement and Control Equipment

ISA S 12.1 - Definitions and Information Pertaining to Electrical


Instruments in Hazardous Atmospheres

ISA RP 12.6 - Wiring Practices for Hazardous (Classified) Locations


Instrumentation - Part 1 : Intrinsic Safety

NEMA 250 - Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts


maximum)

3.2 General Requirements

3.2.1 Housings

(a) Instruments and devices shall be in suitable casings or enclosed so as to prevent


mechanical damage.

(b) Cases and enclosures for locally mounted instruments shall provide ingress
protection to IP 65 as defined in IEC 60529 or the NEMA 4 classification of NEMA
250.

(c) Instruments installed outside buildings and enclosures shall be shielded by


sunshades.

3.2.2 Electrical

(a) Where relevant, all instruments involving the use of electrical power shall be selected
to be suitable for operation in hazardous areas. The hazardous areas shall be as
defined in GES L.31 and shall be shown on site hazardous area drawings.

Where intrinsically safe transmitters are used with safety barriers, the characteristics
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of the safety barrier shall be stated by the Vendor/Contractor to allow for the
interchangeability of transmitters with various types of receivers.

(b) All instruments shall have terminal blocks for the termination of electrical signals
and supplies.

(c) The terminal blocks shall be non-hygroscopic and shall use captive screws. All metal
parts shall be either tinned or silver plated.

(d) The terminals shall be numbered and identified to indicate polarity, earth
connections, test connections and any other relevant information.

(e) Spring type terminals shall not be used.

(f) When installing terminal blocks in junction boxes, an adequate number of terminals
shall be provided so that the connections of more than one connector per terminal is
avoided.

(g) All connectors for plug-in printed circuit boards shall be gold plated over nickel, over
copper.

(h) The size of the terminal block and screws shall be consistent with the wire size.

3.2.3 Performance Parameters

Transmitters, indicators and switches shall meet the following minimum performance
requirements:

- the accuracy shall be better than ± 0.25% of the calibrated span (unless otherwise
stated);
- the hysteresis shall not exceed 0.1% of the calibrated span (unless otherwise
stated);
- the repeatability shall be better than 0.1% of the span;
- the deadband shall not exceed 0.25% of span;
- the drift (over a six-month period) shall not exceed 0.25% of span;
- ambient temperature variations between 32°F and 122°F (0°C and 50°C) shall not
cause changes greater than ± 0.2% of span for electronic sensors and ± 2.5% of
span for mechanical sensors;
- vibration at frequencies up to 200 Hz and amplitudes up to 0.024″ peak to peak,
or for acceleration up to 3 g (30 m/s2), whichever is the smaller, shall not cause a
change of reading which will exceed ± 0.2% of span for electronic sensors and ±
2.5% of span for mechanical sensors;
- radio frequency interference in the range of 27 MHz to 500 MHz at field intensity
of 10 V/m shall not cause a change of more than 1% of span.

3.3 Temperature Elements and Thermowells

3.3.1 Thermocouples

(a) Thermocouples are the preferred means of temperature measurements for remote
indication or control, where the requirement for accuracy does not exceed ± 1°F
(0.6°C).

(b) Thermocouples for general service shall be mineral (magnesium oxide) insulated,
ANSI 304 or 316 SS sheathed with the thermocouple isolated from the sheath. The
minimum wire size shall be 20 AWG (0.5 mm2) and the stem diameter 0.25″ (6 mm).
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The mineral insulated thermocouple wire shall be factory sealed to prevent the
ingress of water.
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(c) The thermocouple hot junction shall not be grounded to the sheath unless required
otherwise by the equipment to which the thermocouple is connected.

(d) The theromcouple shall be weatherproof and connected to the thermowell by ½″


nipples and unions with chained head covers. Lagging extensions shall be provided
where necessary.

(e) The thermocouple head assembly shall be of heavy duty cast aluminium with heavy
duty terminal blocks. The theromcouple assembly shall be spring loaded to ensure
that the hot junction is in contact with the bottom of the thermowell.

(f) Where bare wire or bead insulated thermocouples are used, the minimum wire size
shall be 14 AWG (2 mm2).

(g) Thermocouple temperature characteristics and tolerances shall conform to IEC 584
(BS 4937).

(h) Type K (Chromel Alumel) thermocouples shall be used for temperatures between 0°F
(-17.8°C) and 1800°F (1000°C).

Type B (Platinum Rhodium) thermocouples shall be used for temperatures over


1800°F (1000°C).

Type T (Copper Constantan) thermocouples shall be used for temperatures of -300°F


(-195°C) to 200°F (95°C).

(i) The use of compensating cable to connect thermocouple elements to remote read-outs
or control stations shall be avoided. Head or locally mounted amplifiers shall be
used wherever possible. In cases where this is not possible, individually screened
twisted pair or multi-pair compensating cables incorporating drain wires to the
following specifications, shall be specified.

- Copper Constantan for Types K and T thermocouples.


- Copper for Type B thermocouples (where the cold junction temperature does not
exceed 100°F (38°C).

(j) Where the thermocouple extension cables are run in conduit, no other electrical or
instrument wiring shall run in the same conduit.

(k) The individual conductors of extension cables shall be colour-coded in accordance


with ANSI/MC 96.1: 1982.

(l) The multiplexing of thermocouple signals may be considered where economical and
where they are used for indication purposes only.

(m) Head mounted convertors with integral linearisation and cold junction compensation
giving a 4 to 20 mA output may be used where accessibility, vibration, ambient
temperature, etc allow their use.

(n) Where head mounted convertors are used, the connection to a remote read-out or
control station shall be by standard 4 to 20 mA, 2 wire signal connections.

(o) Furnace tube skin temperature measurements shall use V pad thermocouples for oil
fired heaters, and fan type thermocouples for natural gas fired heaters.

(p) The use of duplex thermocouples shall be avoided, but may be permitted where
process conditions demand exotic materials or special thermowell construction is
required. The use of duplex thermocouples for control and shutdown systems is not
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allowed.

(q) Multiple thermocouple assemblies, e.g. for measuring the temperatures at different
levels in a reactor, shall be assembled from mineral insulated elements of appropriate
length, in a flexible metal sheath, to form a composite flexible assembly.

(r) Tube skin thermocouples shall be given special consideration and be subject to the
Owner's approval.

3.3.2 Resistance Thermometers

(a) Resistance temperature detectors (RTD) may be specified as an acceptable alternative


to thermocouples, within the allowable operating temperature range. They shall
always be specified where the accuracy is of prime importance and for low
temperature service such as custody transfer metering, automatic tank gauging and
cryogenic applications.

(b) The resistance thermometer shall normally be 100 ohm platinum, heavy duty with a
temperature coefficient of 0.00385 per °C in accordance with IEC 751.

Nickel or copper may be specified by the Vendor/Contractor for applications such as


cold junction compensation and storage tank averaging temperature.

(c) Resistance thermometers may be used in the range from -400°F (-250°C) to 1500°F
(800°C).

(d) The resistance thermometer construction shall be similar to that for thermocouples
with an external sheath diameter of 0.26″ (6 mm).

(e) The resistance thermometers shall be connected to the remote read-out or control
station, by means of three or four wire copper connections, to allow for the
compensation of changes in the ambient temperature. The wire gauge shall be a
minimum of 18 AWG (2.5 mm2).

(f) Head mounted convertors, giving a 4 to 20 mA output may be used where


accessibility, vibration, ambient temperature, etc allow their use.

(g) Where head mounted convertors are used, the resistance thermometers shall be
connected to the remote read-out or control station by means of standard 4 to 20 mA
2 wire signal connections.

3.3.3 Thermowells

(a) Thermowells shall be provided for all temperature measurement elements, unless
otherwise approved by the Owner. Where a thermowell is not used, a permanent
label shall be fixed to the primary element giving a clear warning that there is no
thermowell.

(b) Thermowells shall be selected to comply with the design codes for the operating
pressures and temperatures of the systems.

(c) Thermowells shall be suitable for the stresses generated by the stream velocity
conditions. The wake frequency shall not exceed 80% of the thermowell natural
frequency. The calculation shall be carried out by the Vendor/Contractor to ASME
PTC 19.3 or other approved equivalent method.

(d) Threaded connections of 1" NPT shall be used in services where the normal
temperature is less than 400°F (200°C). Refer to Figure 1 for typical design.
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(e) Flanged connections of 1 or 2" Class 300 ANSI shall be used above 400°F (200°C) this
temperature, or where the process is either corrosive or erosive, or where the
thermowell is installed on a pressure vessel. Refer to Figure 2 for typical design.

(f) The bore of the thermowell shall be 0.26" ± 0.002" (6.6 mm) for all measuring
elements with the exception of filled systems. Thermowells for filled systems shall
have an internal diameter suitable for the bulb of the filled system.

(g) Line sizes 3" NPS or less shall be swaged to 4" NPS for thermowell installation.

(h) The thermowell insertion lengths for piping shall be as given on Table 1. Insertion
lengths in vessels shall normally be to the vessel centre line or 18″ (457 mm),
whichever is the greater.

(i) Test thermowells shall be normally closed off by means of a plug and chain.

3.4 Temperature Transmitters

3.4.1 Electronic transmitters shall generally be specified for process temperature signals, regardless
of the type of measuring element, i.e. thermocouple or resistance thermometer.

3.4.2 Temperature transmitters may be mounted directly or installed locally, on a pedestal,


adjacent to the senors.

3.4.3 The temperature transmitter signal outputs shall be 4-20 mA and the transmitters shall be
approved with integral output indicators.

3.4.4 Where intrinsically safe transmitters are used with safety barriers, the characteristics of the
safety barrier shall be stated by the Vendor/Contractor to allow for the interchangeability of
transmitters with various types of receivers.

3.5 Temperature Switches

3.5.1 Thermocouples or RTDs in combination with a suitable temperature transmitter and trip
amplifiers shall be used. Temperature elements of the filled thermal system type are not
recommended for alarm or shutdown applications because of low reliability and because
generally, do not fail safe if the thermal system fails.

3.5.2 Capillary type temperature switches shall not be used without the prior approval of the
Owner. However, if specified, the capillary shall be ANSI Type 304 or 316 SS with SS spiral
wound capillary armour. The bulb shall also be made from SS.

3.5.3 Where the bulb diameter exceeds _" (9 mm), and does not fit in a standard thermowell, a
special thermowell shall be provided by the manufacturer.

3.5.4 Temperature switches shall be compensated for variations in ambient temperature and
barometric pressure.

3.5.5 Temperature switches shall have a set point with internal adjustment calibrated in
engineering units. The value of the measured variable shall also be indicated on the same
scale.

3.5.6 The repeatability shall be better than 1% of the set point and the drift shall not exceed ± 1.5°F
(1°C) per 122°F (50°C) change in ambient temperature.

3.5.7 Switch ratings shall be specified in accordance with the instrument supply in use, normally 24
V DC, 1 amp. It is not recommended that process switches be used directly to switch heavy
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loads, but where switches are used for the direct control of heavy duty electrical devices, then
the switches shall be suitable for the relevant voltage and current.

3.5.8 Each switch shall be directly connected to the associated monitoring equipment. Series or
parallel connection in the field is not permitted.

3.5.9 Switch contacts shall be hermetically sealed, double-pole, double-throw. Mercury switches
are not permitted.

3.6 Local Thermometers

3.6.1 Bi-metallic or filled system thermometers with a rigid stem, suitable for mounting in standard
threaded or flanged thermowells, shall normally be used for local measurements up to 750°F
(400°C).

3.6.2 Filled thermometers (liquid or gas) with capillary extension tubing may be used where
protection against vibration or a remote reading facility is required. The capillary tubing
shall be ANSI Type 304 or 316 SS, with SS spiral wound capillary armour of a length not
exceeding 10 ft (3 m). Lengths greater than 10 ft (3 m) shall require the Owner's approval.

Mercury in steel thermometers shall not be used.

3.6.3 The bulb shall be made from SS. Where the bulb diameter exceeds _″ (9 mm) and does not fit
a standard filled system thermowell, a special thermowell shall be provided by the
manufacturer.

3.6.4 The minimum dial size shall be 5" (130 mm). Dials of 3" (75 mm) may be used on mechanical
equipment, lubricating and seal oil or other auxiliary services. The dial shall be housed in a
weatherproof case and shall have a built-in zero adjustment. The face shall be white faced
laminate with black markings.

3.7 Temperature Indicating, Recording and Controlling Instruments

3.7.1 Instrument receivers for thermocouples shall include automatic cold junction compensation.
This is not a requirement where head mounted convertors are used.

3.7.2 Instruments forming part of a safeguarding or control system shall have a thermocouple open
circuit (burn-out) detecting device. This shall be selectable to cause the instrument input
value to change either upscale or downscale to that corresponding to the operationally safest
value.

3.7.3 Thermocouple to current convertors shall have:

- an input impedance > 10,000 ohms;


- common mode rejection > 120 dB at the line frequency (50 Hz or 60 Hz);
- be able to drive a load of 600 ohms with 20 mA;
- have a temperature drift of better than 0.01% per °F (0.0056% per °C).

3.7.4 Temperature controllers shall have proportional, plus reset, plus derivative action.

3.7.5 Temperature controllers shall have suppressed ranges so that the span shall not exceed 50%
of the operating temperature.

3.7.6 The range of all temperature instruments shall be selected so that the normal temperature will
be in the middle third of the scale.
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3.7.7 Electronic recorders and controllers shall be of the continuous balance type.

3.7.8 Multi-point temperature recorders shall have fixed cycle time, cycle printing. Point
numbering or periodically numbered dots shall be used to distinguish each point.

3.7.9 The time for full scale travel of the print wheel shall not exceed the print interval.

3.7.10 Multiplexing digital systems may be used for the monitoring of a number of temperature
points.

3.7.11 Earthed (grounded) and non-earthed (non-grounded) thermocouple inputs shall be


segregated in the multiplexing systems to avoid the possibility of multiple earthing
(grounding) causing common mode voltages.

3.7.12 The multiplexing system shall have a common mode rejection > 120 dB at the line frequency
when used with thermocouple inputs.

3.7.13 Multiplexing systems shall not be used for control due to the possibility of common mode
failure and scan speed limitations.

3.7.14 Temperature multiplexing systems shall have sufficient installed spare capacity to allow for
an increase of at least 20% in the number of inputs. The spare point shall be distributed
through the input groups.

4.0 MATERIALS

4.1 General Requirements

4.1.1 All moving parts exposed to the atmosphere such as linkages, springs, coils, pointers, etc.,
shall be resistant to the atmospheric conditions existing in the process area. Cadmium plating
shall not be used.

4.1.2 All parts exposed to the process fluid shall be resistant to the corrosive properties of that
fluid.

4.1.3 No copper or copper bearing alloys shall be used in contact with process fluids or in locations
where exposure to sour gases (containing sulphur compounds) may occur.

4.1.4 Low melting point materials (e.g. brass and aluminium) are unacceptable for instrument
body construction. Such materials may be used in component construction where the design
inherently limits the possibility of a leakage of process fluids or the complete loss of the low
melting point materials.

4.2 Thermowells

4.2.1 Thermowells shall be manufactured from ANSI Type 304 or 316 annealed SS, constructed
from single piece bar stock, unless otherwise specified.

4.2.2 The surface of the inserted portion of the thermowells shall have a smooth surface for normal
conditions and a highly polished surface for corrosive services.

4.2.3 The thermowell material identification and tag number shall be clearly stamped on the body
of the flange.

5.0 MANUFACTURE
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5.1 Certification and Labelling

5.1.1 All hazardous area electrical/electronic instruments shall be certified and approved by an
internationally recognised certifying authority. Recognised certifying authorities are listed in
ISA S 12.1. In general electrical/electronic instruments shall be approved for use in Class 1,
Division 1, Group C&D hazardous locations.

5.1.2 The identification number of each instrument shall be clearly marked on a SS nameplate,
permanently fastened (not bonded) to the instrument in a clearly visible position. The label
shall also contain the following information:

- Vendor/Contractor's name, model and serial number;


- the protection concept, testing standard and certificate number where the instrument
is certified for use in a hazardous area;
- electrical data (where applicable);
- range and stem length;
- the pressure rating of pressure retaining parts (applicable to thermowells, etc).

5.1.3 The instrument tag number identification plate shall be separate from the manufacturer's
nameplate.

6.0 INSTALLATION

6.1 Location and Accessibility

6.1.1 All instruments shall be easily accessible for servicing or removal so that work can be carried
out without danger to personnel. Under normal circumstances, the highest part of the
instrument installation to which access is required for maintenance shall not exceed a
distance of 5 ft (1.5 m) from the ground or the nearest platform.

6.1.3 Sufficient space shall be provided around all instruments to allow for installation and
maintenance.

6.1.4 Locally mounted temperature gauges shall be located so that they can be easily read from
associated equipment, e.g. control valves and pumps.

6.1.5 Field mounted devices, e.g. transmitters, shall not be mounted on lines or equipment subject
to vibration. In such cases, wherever possible, the device shall be mounted on a pedestal.

6.2 Local Thermometers

6.2.1 Capillary tubing shall be of sufficient length to allow the easy removal of the bulb from the
thermowell.

6.2.2 The capillary tubing shall be supported along its length.

6.2.3 The capillary tubing shall not be cut, opened or pinched in any manner.

6.3 Thermowells

6.3.1 Thermowells shall not be installed before the lines are cleaned.

6.3.2 A thermowell installed at an angle or in a pipe bend shall be installed so that the tip points
towards the flow.
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6.3.3 Thermowells shall be located, wherever possible, in a region of high turbulence.

6.3.4 Thermowells shall be located at least 15 pipe diameters downstream of the junction of two
streams of different temperatures for liquid services, and 30 pipe diameters for vapour
services.
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7.0 INSPECTION

7.1 Procedures

7.1.1 Factory inspection of standard instruments at the Vendor/Contractor's premises shall not
normally be required.

7.1.2 Factory inspection may be required if the available documentation is insufficient to establish
materials of construction, weight, dimensions and process connections.

7.1.3 The Vendor/Contractor shall ensure that internal inspection is carried out in accordance with
the Vendor/Contractor's quality plan.

7.1.4 All instruments shall be checked for conformity to the purchase requisition and for damage,
immediately on receipt at site. The instrument labelling shall also be checked.

7.1.5 All instruments for installation in hazardous areas shall be checked to ensure the suitability of
the protection for the relevant area classification.

7.1.6 All instruments shall be checked to ensure that vents, breathers and drains are free from paint
or other coatings.

7.2 Tagging

The Vendor/Contractor shall check that all instruments and instrument components are
correctly labelled or marked.

8.0 TESTING

8.1 Factory Testing

8.1.1 Witnessed factory testing of standard single-channel temperature instruments at the


Vendor/Contractor's premises shall not normally be required. The Vendor/Contractor may
be requested to supply the results of internal testing.

8.1.2 Witnessed testing may be required if:

- the instrument has undergone major modification to meet specific requirements;


- the instrument is a new model;
- the Vendor/Contractor is a newly qualified manufacturer;
- for complex multichannel (multiplexing) systems.

8.1.3 Threaded thermowells shall be tested to withstand an internal hydrostatic test pressure of
1000 psig (6.7 MPag) or 1.5 times the maximum design pressure, whichever is the greater.

8.1.4 Flanged thermowells shall be tested to withstand an external hydrostatic test pressure of 1.5
times the maximum design pressure.

8.2 Field Testing

Instruments shall be tested and calibrated in a fully equipped workshop before installation.
All tests shall simulate, as far as is reasonably practicable, the design process conditions.
Reference shall be made to GES C.55.

9.0 DOCUMENTATION
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9.1 Introduction

This section covers the documentation required for the design, fabrication, inspection and
testing of temperature instruments.

The detailed list of documents that are required is attached to the Purchase Order/Contract.
However, as a minimum the following listed documents shall be provided by the
Vendor/Contractor:

- General Arrangement Drawings.


- Operating and Maintenance Manual.
- Instrument Termination and Hook-up Details.
- Instrument Data Sheets.
- Hazardous Area Certificates.
- Letters of Conformity.

9.2 Schedules and Reports

The Vendor/Contractor shall supply a schedule showing the documents for review and
approval, proposed sub-contractors and material procurement, and a production/ fabrication
programme.

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit his Quality Control Plan at the start of the contract.

9.3 Use in Hazardous Areas

Certificates covering the use of the instruments in hazardous areas shall be provided by the
Vendor/Contractor.

Where intrinsically safe transmitters are used with safety barriers, the characteristics of the
safety barrier shall be stated by the Vendor/Contractor to allow for the interchangeability of
transmitters with various types of receivers.

10.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT

10.1 Painting and Coatings

10.1.1 Painting and protective coatings shall take into account the methods of transport to be used
(e.g. desk cargo). External painting of instrument housings shall be corrosion resistant and
suitable against salt air conditions.

10.1.2 Surface preparation, painting and painting materials shall be in accordance with GES X.06.

10.1.3 Vendor/Contractor's standard painting and coating systems may be acceptable subject to
Owner's approval, provided they are equal or better to the Owner's standards specified in
GES X.06 and are equally suitable for the site environmental conditions specified in GES A.06.

10.2 Spares

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with his proposal, a list of recommended spares for
start-up and two year's operation.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.05
TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTS Page 18 of 18
Rev 0 1999
10.3 Packing

10.3.1 All instruments shall be securely packaged and protected against external damage, e.g. to
gauge glasses or housings.

10.3.2 Machined or threaded exterior surfaces shall be protected during shipment and subsequent
storage with a rust preventer which is easily removed with a petroleum solvent.

10.3.3 Threaded-end or socket welding-end connections shall be fitted with metal, wood or plastic
plugs or caps.

10.3.4 Flanges shall be protected over the entire flange surface by protectors which are securely
attached.

10.3.5 Electronic items shall be suitably protected so as to prevent the ingress of moisture. The
protection shall include the use of desiccants.

10.4 Shipping

The instruments shall not leave the Vendor/Contractor's works for shipment until the release
has been signed by the Owner's Inspector.

10.5 Warranty

10.5.1 The Vendor/Contractor shall warrant all materials and services supplied against any defect
for a minimum of 12 months after commissioning or 24 months from the date of delivery to
site, whichever is the shorter period, or the period stipulated in the Purchase Order/Contract.

10.5.2 Should any item be found defective, the Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for all costs
associated with restoring the equipment to the standard specified by the Purchase
Order/Contract.