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NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

GES J.11

PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES

Rev Date Description Checked Approved


0 1999 Issued for Implementation DL

Compiled by Teknica (UK) Ltd


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 2 of 12
Rev 0 1999

INDEX

SECTION TITLE PAGE

1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION 4

1.1 Introduction 4
1.2 Other NOC Specifications 4
1.3 Data Sheet 4

2.0 DEFINITIONS 4

2.1 Technical 4
2.2 Contractual 5

3.0 DESIGN 6

3.1 Codes and Standards 6


3.2 General 6
3.3 Spring Loaded Valves 7

4.0 MATERIALS 7

4.1 Valve 7
4.2 Material Certification 8

5.0 MANUFACTURE 8

5.1 Procedures 8
5.2 Valve 8

6.0 INSTALLATION 9

6.1 General 9

7.0 INSPECTION 9

7.1 Procedures 9
7.2 Scope 10
7.3 Nameplates 10

8.0 TESTING 10

8.1 Statutory Tests 10


8.2 Test Procedures 10

9.0 DOCUMENTATION 10

9.1 Introduction 10
9.2 Schedules and Reports 11
9.3 Data and Calculations 11
9.4 Drawings 11
9.5 Final Records, Documents and Manuals 11
9.6 Data Sheets 11

SECTION TITLE PAGE


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 3 of 12
Rev 0 1999

10.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT 11

10.1 Painting and Coatings 11


10.2 Spares 11
10.3 Packing and Storage 11
10.4 Shipping 12
10.5 Warranty 12

DATA SHEETS (1)


Pressure/Vaccum Protection Devices
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 4 of 12
Rev 0 1999
1.0 SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION

1.1 Introduction

1.1.1 This specification covers the minimum requirement for the design, material, fabrication, inspection, testing,
documentation and preparation for shipment of pressure/vacuum protection devices, where the maximum
working pressure of the tank or vessel does not exceed 15 psig (96.8 kPag).

1.1.2 This specification does not cover free Vents or emergency vents (e.g. emergency man hole cover) used for
external fire protection, nor does it cover items as combined manhole cover and flame arrestors.

1.1.3 The specification applies to equipment for refineried, onshore oil & gas installations and processing
facilities including items purchased either directly or as part of a package.

1.1.4 The Vendor/Contractor shall comply fully with the provisions laid down in this specification. Any
exception must be authorised in writing by the Owner.

1.1.5 In the event of any conflict between the specification and the Data Sheets, or with any applicable codes and
standards, the Vendor shall inform the Owner in writing and receiving written classification, before
proceeding with the work.

1.1.6 This General Specificaion together with the attached Data Sheet will form part of the Purchase
Order/Contract.

1.2 Other NOC Specifications

The following NOC General Engineering Specifications are an integral part of this specification and any
non-conformance will have to be approved by the Owner.

GES D.02 Atmospheric Storage Tanks (API 650)

GES D.02 Accessories for Atmospheric Storage Tanks

GES J.10 Pressure Relief Valves

GES X.06 Factory Coatings for Electrical Equipment and Instruments

1.3 Data Sheet

The technical data supplied be the Owner for the equipment is given on the Data Sheets which is included
at the end of this specification. The Vendor shall complete the Data Sheets with the remaining information.

2.0 DEFINITIONS

2.1 Technical

The technical terms used in this specification are defined as follows:


GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 5 of 12
Rev 0 1999
Accumulation

The pressure increase in the vessel over the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure with the relief valve(s)
open and at the required relieving capacity. It is expressed as a percentage of Maximum Allowable
Pressure in psig (kPag). The accumulation should be less than 10%.

Back Pressure

The pressure existing at the outlet of the relief valve. This may be as a result of a discharge into a common
header or system, or as a result of a specific design requirement.

Design Pressure

The pressure, exclusive of any static heads, used to determine the minimum permissible thickness or the
physical characteristics of the different parts of the vessel.

Diaphragm Type Pilot Operated Relief Valve

Valve, similar to the piston type pilot operated relief valve which is controlled by a self-actuated auxiliary
diaphragm.

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure

This is the maximum positive gauge pressure permissible at the top of the tank when the tank is in
operation. It is the basis for the pressure setting of the safety relieving devices on the tank. The maximum
allowable working pressures is synonymous with the niminal pressure rating for the tank.

Operating Pressure

The pressure which is required by the process served by the vessel at which the vessel normally operates.

Pilot Operated Valve

Valves, normally of the piston or bellows type, which ar controlled by self-activated auxilliary pressure
relief valves.

Set Pressure

The pressure measured at the valve inlet at which a relief valve is set to start to lift under service conditions.

2.2 Contractual

The commercial terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

Owner

The oil and gas company, an associate or subsidiary, who is the end user of the equipment and facilities.

Vendor

The company supplying the equipment and material.

Contractor

The main contractor for a defined piece of work.

Sub-Contractor
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 6 of 12
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A company awarded a contract by a Contractor to do part of the work awarded to the Contractor.

Inspection Authority

The organisation representing the Owner or Vendor/Contractor that verifies that the equipment and
facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of this
specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

Inspector

A qualified individual representing the Owner, Vendor/Contractor or the assigned Inspection Authority,
who verifies that the equipment and facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in
accordance with the requirements of this specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

3.0 DESIGN

3.1 Codes and Standards

The design of the pressure/vacuum protection devices shall comply to the following Codes and Standards:

American Petroleum Institute

API 620 Design and Construction of Large, Welded Low-Pressure Storage Tanks

API 650 Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage

API Standard 2000 Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks:


Nonrefrigerated and Refrrigerated

API 2350 Overfill Protection for Petroleum Storage Tanks in Petroleum Facilities.

National Fire Prevention Association

NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Code

3.2 General

3.2.1 The purpose of a pressure protection device is to discharge a certain amount of vapour or gas from teh
system to prevent the pressure increse above a pre-set level. The purpose of the vacuum protection device
is to permit the ingress of a certain amount of vapour or gas (which is normally air or nitrogen) to prevent
the pressure decrese below a certain level.

3.2.2 Pressure/Vacuum protection devices are commonly available in two types:

- Direct "lifting pallet type of" valves which may or may not be spring loaded.

- Pilot operated pressure protection devices which are normally bellows type valves, and are controlled
by a self-actuated auxiliary diaphragm. The relief valve may be located at a point remote to the pilot
pressure pick-up point.

3.2.3 Unless otherwise specified on the Data Sheets, the pressure relief devices shall be of the conventional
statically balanced type and shall have replaceable seats.

3.2.4 Preference shall be given to a combined pressure and vacuum vent relief device. Howver, if teh in
breathing and out breathing requirements are much different, then separate pressure and cacuum vent
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 7 of 12
Rev 0 1999
devices shall be used.

3.2.5 Weight and lever type of devices shall be avoided if at all possible.

3.2.6 Flanged connections shall be used on all pressure/vacuum protection devices. The valve flanges shall
match the vessel classification and the facing of mating flanges.

3.2.7 When sizing the relief devices the effect of pressure drop due to any flame arrestor installed in-line shall be
taken into account.

3.2.8 Seating surfaces shall be protected against the effects of condensate and freezing by the use of drip rings on
the pallet and self draining housing.

3.2.9 A protective screen shall be provided on the inlet of the devices to prevent the ingress of foreign matter.

3.2.10 For tank liquid overfill protection reference shall be made to API 2350.

3.3 Spring Loaded Valves

3.3.1 Tanks designed to API Standard 650 (internal pressures approximating atmospheric pressure) and which
may also require pressure relief devices, may be protected by pilot operated relief velves or weighted pallet
type of relief devices.

3.3.2 Spring loaded pallet type of valves may be used for pressures higher than 0.75 psig (528mm WG).

3.3.3 Tanks and vessels designed to API Standard 620 (vapour space pressure not exceeding 15 psig (96.8KPa)
shall be protected by pilot operated relief valves.

4.0 MATERIALS

4.1 Valve

4.1.1 Body materials shall be in accordance with the relevant tank trim specifications. Cast steel bodies with
stainless steel trim shall normally be specified. Low copper aluminium bodies shall never be used on
flammable fluids. Low copper aluminium bodies shall only be used with the Owner's permission and these
shall be painted with a minimum of 2 coats of epoxy paint.

4.1.2 Alloy bodies or special materials shall be specified where required by process, or for atmospheric or
operating conditions.

4.1.3 Other body materials may be used, for example, fir retardant fibreglass reinforced plastics on corrosive
services, subject to the agreement of the Owner.

4.1.4 The trim materials shall be plated as specified on teh Data Sheets.

4.1.5 Springs shall generally be plated carbon steel for non-aggresive tank liquid service. Stainless Steel springs
shall be used when dictated by the nature of the stored liquid in the tank.

4.1.6 Asbestos gaskets shall not be employed in the construction of the valve.

4.1.7 Material certification, testing and inspection requirements shall be in accordance with the requirements of
the API Standard.

4.2 Material Certification

Material certification shall be in accordance with, or better than the requirements of the relevant vessel
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 8 of 12
Rev 0 1999
specification. Material certificates shall be supplied with the equipment.

5.0 MANUFACTURE

5.1 Procedures

The Vendor shall submit to the Owner, for approval, details of his proposed quality assurance and quality
control plans.

5.2 Valve

5.2.1 The valve body and flanges shall be equal or superior to the requirements of the vessels.

5.2.2 Each pressure relief valve shall be fitted with a permanent stainless steel nameplate, securely fastened to
the valve, carrying the following information;

- manufacturer's name and/or trademark;


- manufacturer's design or type number;
- the tag number;
- valve type or model and serial number;
- valve size, flange rating and body material;
- set pressure inches WG;
- valve spring and pallet material;
- full open pressure inches WG;
- full rated capacity in SCFM of air;
- full rated capacity in SCFM of process vapour at MW.

Similarly each vacuum device shall carry the following information;

- manufacturer's name and trademark;


- valve tag number;
- type or model number and serial number;
- connection size, flange rating and body material;
- valve spring and pallet material;
- set vacuum inches WG;
- full open vacuum inches WG;
- full open vacuum capacity in SCFM of air.

Since generally a combined vacuum and relief device is installed as a single unit, some of the above
information will be combined.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 9 of 12
Rev 0 1999
6.0 INSTALLATION

6.1 General

6.1.1 Installation shall be in accordance with the requirements of the API 520-Part II, API 620 -Appendix N and
API 2000.

6.1.2 Valves shall be normally top of the tank mounted.

6.1.3 Suitable access platforms shall be provided, where possible, to allow valve servicing without the need for
scaffolding or ladders. Relieving devices shall be protected against damage in service.

6.1.4 Valves shall be installed as close as practicable to the vapour space of the protected equipment and without
any pockets. The tank opening diameter shall be at least as large as the inlet to the valve. Discharge pipe
shall be at least as large as the outlet size of the relief device.

6.1.5 No isolation device shall be fitted between the pressure/vacuum protective devices and the protected tank
unless these are locked or sealed open in normal use. An authorised person shall remain present for the
duration of the period the valve is isolated.

6.1.6 If the relieving devices are vented to the atmosphere, they shall be at a sufficient height so as to prevent
chance ignition.

6.1.7 Support shall be provided on discharge piping in order to prevent excessive stress on the valve body.

6.1.8 On refrigerated tanks the valves shall be protected against plugging suring relieving conditions, by
insulating the inlet side.

6.1.9 Valves discharging toxic vapours to the atmosphere shall be equipped with risers to a sufficient height,
such that the concentration of vapour does not exceed the permissible level at any point where personnel
may be present.

6.1.10 Valves discharging shall not discharge to areas where personnel may be present. Where necessary,
discharge piping shall be used to direct the flow away from such areas and away from the tank.

6.1.11 Vacuum relieving devices shall be provided with an adequate inlet. With the exception of a weather hood,
it shall have no piping where moisture can accumulate i.e. it shall be as direct in flow as possible.

6.1.12 The discharge side of the valve shall be protected against the lodging of water or other liquids e.g. by the
use of an open drain.

7.0 INSPECTION

7.1 Procedures

7.1.1 The inspection requirements are covered by the document "General Conditions of Purchase Contract"
which forms part of the Purchase Order/Contract. Additional requirements are given below.

7.1.2 The Vendor/Contractor shall allow the inspector free access to all areas of manufacture, fabrication,
assembly and testing.
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PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 10 of 12
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7.1.3 The Vendor/Contractor always has the responsibility to provide adequate quality control and inspection of
equipment and materials. Any inspection by the Owner or his Inspector shall not relieve the
Vendor/Contractor of these responsibilities or those under his guarantees.

7.1.4 The Vendor/Contractor shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Owner that his Quality Plan will be such
as to ensure close agreement between the performance of random production samples and those submitted
for certification.

7.2 Scope

7.2.1 Visual inspection by the Owner's Inspector shall be carried out for;

Workmanship, materials surface defects, components and dimensions;

Compliance with Purchase Order/Contract Description, Specifications, Certified drawings,


Vendor/Contractor's catalogue description and paint specification.

7.2.2 Dimensions, including the overall height and face to face dimensions, shall be chacked against the
Vendor/Contractor's approved drawings.

7.2.3 The flange face finish shall be checked by visual and tactile comparison against test specimens conforming
to the required specification.

7.3 Nameplates

7.3.1 Material certificates shall be available at the time of inspection.

7.3.2 Each valve shall have a corrosion-resistant nameplate permanently attached to the body or bonnet. The
nameplate shall be stamped with the data specified in Section 5.2.

7.3.2 Each valve shall be stamped with the valve number or other identification mark as required by the Owner.

8.0 TESTING

8.1 Statutory Tests

8.1.1 The Owner reserves the right to inspect valves and witness tests at the Vendor's/Contractor's premises to
the extent specified on the Purchase Order/Contract.

8.2 Test Procedures

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit his test procedures in writing to the Owner for approval prior to the
start of the testing programme.

9.0 DOCUMENTATION

9.1 Introduction

This section covers the documentation required for the design selection, fabrication, inspection and testing
for all pressure/vacuum protection devices.

The detailed list of documents that are required is attached to the Purchase Order/Contract. However, as a
minimum the following listed documents shall be provided by the Vendor/Contractor:
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 11 of 12
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- maintenance manual;
- certified drawings showing valve dimensions and stating weights;
- materials and test certificates;
- valve sizing calculations or flow capacity charts and graphs;
- shipping conditions;
- operating, maintenance and installation manuals.

9.2 Schedules and Reports

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with his tender a preliminary quality control plan.

9.3 Data and Calculations

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit all calculations and data for acceptance by the Owner within the
period specified by the Purchase Order/Contract. The calculations and data shall become the property of
the Owner after acceptance.

9.4 Drawings

The required drawings shall be sent by the Vendor/Contractor to the Owner and/or Inspection Authority
for review and approval.

9.5 Final Records, Documents and Manuals

Two copies of the calculations and six copies of th Installation/operating/maintenance manual shall be
supplied with the equipment.

9.6 Data Sheets

The Vendor/Contractor shall complete the Data Sheets which form an attachment to this document.

10.0 PRIOR TO SHIPMENT

10.1 Painting and Coating

Surface preparation, painting and painting materials shall be in accordance with NOC Specification GES
X.06.

Vendor/Contractor's standard painting and coating systems may be acceptable subject to Owner's
approval, provided they are equala or better to the Owner's standards specified in GES X.06 and ae equally
suitable for the site environmental conditions specified in GES A.06.

Painting and protective coatings shall take into account the methods of transport to be used (e.g. deck
cargo).

10.2 Spares

The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with his proposal, a priced list of recommended spared for start-up
and two years operation for review by Owner.

10.3 Packing and Storage

This section describes the minimum requirement for the preservation and protection of pressure/vacuum
protection devices and accessories during sea and land transportation and storage prior to installation.
GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION GES J.11
PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES Page 12 of 12
Rev 0 1999
The probable storage period will be specified in the order/enquiry and will extend from the time of
despatch to the time of unpacking at site. If the storage period is not stated, a minimum period of 24
months shall be assumed. Packing shall be suitable for sea freight.

All valves shall be securely packaged and protected against external damage.

Machined or threaded exterior surfaces shall be protected during shipment and subsequent storage with a
rust preventative which is easily removed with a petroleum solvent.

Threaded end or socket welding connections shall be fitted with metal, wood or plastic plugs or caps.

Flanges shall be protected over the entire flange surface by 0.5 (12.7 mm) in thick plywood covers, bolted
and sealed to prevent the ingress of dirt, dust and water.

After final acceptance, valve bodies shall be thoroughly cleaned, internally and externally, of all foreign
matter, and dried.

10.4 Shipping

The safety relief valves shall not leave the Vendor's/Contractor's works for shipment until the release has
been approved by the Owner's Inspector.

10.5 Warranty

The Vendor/Contractor shall warrant all materials and services supplied under the Purchase Order/Contract
against any defect, for a minimum period of 12 months after commissioning, or 24 months from the date of
delivery to site, whichever is the shorter period, or for the period stipulated in the Purchase Order/Contract.

Should any item be found defective, the Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for all costs associated
with restoring the equipment to the standard specified in the Purchase Order/Contract.

The Vendor/Contractor shall undertake to carry out the repair or replacement in an expeditious manner.

The terms and conditions of the Warrenty shall be additional to any other requirements specified in the
Purchase Order/Contract.
DATA SHEET No.

PRESSURE/VACUUM PROTECTION DEVICES


P.O. / CONTRACT No.
CLIENT
PLANT LOCATION SHEET 1 of 1
SERVICE ITEM No. No. of UNITS

1 VENDOR / CONSTRUCTOR
2
3 TAG NUMBER
4 Service
5 Vessel No.
6 Pressure/Vacuum Relief
7 Conventional/Pilot Operated
8 All weather hood Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No
9
10 CONNECTIONS
11 Size: Inlet Outlet
12 Flange Rating Inlet Outlet
13 Type of Facing Inlet Outlet
14 Mounting Configuration -Top/Side/In-line
15 Vented/Piped Away
16 MATERIALS
17 Body
18 Pallet
19 Soft Seat Pallet Insert
20 Trim
21 Spring
22
23 BASIS OF SIZING
24 Code
25 Fire
26 % Overpressure
27
28 FLUID DATA
29 Vapour or Gas
30 *Inbreathing Capacity SCFH Reqd Total
31 *Outbreathing Capacity SCFH Reqd Total
32 Molecular Weight of Process/Ingressed Fluid
33 Operating Pressure in wg
34 Operating Temperature Deg F
35 Barometric Pressure mm Hg
36 Pressure Relief Set Pressure in wg
37 Vacuum Relief Set Pressure in wg
38
39 Manufacturer
40 Model Number
41
42 *In Equivalent Air Flow
43
44
45
Revision No./Date
Prepared by/Date
Authorised by/Date
Purpose
(C) 1999 NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION. The information on this sheet may be used only for the purpose for which it is supplied by NOC.
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