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Unit of Competency WELD ON CARBON STEEL PLATES

Module Title: WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON STEEL


PLATES (1G, 2G,3G)

INTRODUCTION:

This module contains information and suggested learning activities on


Welding Groove. It includes instruction and procedure on how to Weld Groove
on Carbon Steel Plates.

Completion of this module will help you better understand the


succeeding module on contributing to quality system.

This module consists of three (3) learning outcomes. Each learning


outcome contains learning activities supported by instruction sheets. Before
you perform the instruction, read the information sheets and answer the self-
check and activities provided. To ascertain your competence, your teacher will
assess what you have acquired when the knowledge necessary to perform the
skill portion of the what particular learning outcome.

Upon completing this module, report to your competence teacher for


assessment to check your achievement of knowledge and skills requirements of
this module. If you pass the assessment, you will be given a certificate of
completion.

SUMMARY OF LEARNING OUTCOMES:

Upon completion of the module the students should be able to:

LO1 Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G);


LO2 Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Horizontal Position (2G);
LO3 Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Vertical Position (3G)

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

Refer to assessment criteria of learning outcomes 1-8 of this module.

PREREQUISITE:
TECHNICAL TERMS

Angular distortion – it is the shifting of metal parts so they are out of


alignment, caused by weld shrinkage. Also called angular
warpage.

Bevel - it is an angular edge preparation.

Bevel angle - it is the angle at which a bevel is cut.

Butt joint - it is a joint between two members lying approximately in


the same plane.

Complete fusion - it is where fusion has occurred over the entire base metal
surfaces exposed for welding between all layers and
passes.

Continuous weld - it is a weld that is completely welded from one end of a


joint to the other. If the joint is round the weld extends
completely around the joint.

Coupon - it is a test piece for welding.

Flat welding - it is a welding done on the upper side of the joint with the
face of the weld parallel to the ground, also called down
hand welding.

Groove - it is the opening for a groove weld.

Groove angle - it is the total included angle of the groove.

Groove face - it is the surface of a piece included in the groove.

Groove radius - it the radius of a J- or U- groove also called root radius.

Groove weld - it is a weld made in the groove between two pieces to be


joined.

Horizontal welding- it is a welding position with the axis of the weld parallel to
the ground and the face perpendicular to the ground.

Root crack - it is a crack in the weld or heat-affected zone at the root


of the weld.

Root edge - it is a root face with no width.

Root face - it is that part of the groove face next to the root of the
weld joint.
Root of joint - it is that part of the joint where the pieces come the
closest to each other. In cross-section, the root of the
joint may be a point, a line or an area.

Root of weld - it is the point in cross-section where the back of the


weld crosses the base metal surfaces.

Root opening - it is the area between the pieces to be joined at the root
of the joint also called root gap.

Root penetration - it is the depth that a groove weld extends into the root of
a joint, measured at the center of the root cross-section.

Root reinforcement - it is a weld reinforcement on the side opposite the side


on which the welding.

Root surface - it is the exposed weld surface on the side opposite the
side on which the welding was done.

Square groove - a space left between two plain joint edges.

Stringer bead - it is a type of weld bead made with little side- to-side
movement.

Tack weld - it is a small, temporary weld used to hold the parts of a


weldment in alignment until the final welds are made.

V-groove - it a straight angular groove on both metal pieces to be


joined.
Program/Course SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW) NC-1
Unit of Competency Weld Carbon Steel Plates
Module Title WELDING GROOVE ON CARBON STEEL PLATES
(1G, 2G, 3G)
Learning Outcome 1:

Weld Carbon Steel Plates in flat Position (1G)

Assessment Criteria:

1. Weld procedure in striking arc is applied according to weld standard.


2. Methods of striking an arc are applied accordingly.

ACTIVITY 1

Single-V Butt Joint Flat Position (1G)

1. Mild steel plates 6.0mm x 100mm x 150mm (2pcs)


2. Electrode, E-6013, 3.2mm diameter.

Tools and Equipment


1. AC welding machine with accessories
2. chipping hammer
3. steel brush
4. welding helmet/shield
5. gloves
6. apron
7. portable grinder.

Date: LO1. Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G) Page #
WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON
Version No.: 4
STEEL PLATES (1G, 2G, 3G)
Plan/Illustration

Date: LO1. Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G) Page #
WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON
Version No.: 5
STEEL PLATES (1G, 2G, 3G)
SINGLE-V BUTT OINT FLAT POSITION (1G)

Welding Procedure

1. Tack weld the plates 6 mm


from each end with uniform
gap of 3.0 mm between the
plates.

2. Preset the plates for


angular distortion.

3. Lay the plate on the


table with the side
which is not tacked
on top.
4. Deposit the root pass
with the electrode at
the center with 70
travel angle and 90
work angle.
5. Remove the slag and clean the root pass.

1. Deposit the second bead on


top of the root pass. It must
completely fused the plates
and the first.

NOTE: Maintain an arc


length of 2-3 mm.

2. Clean the bead inspect


for any defects.

NOTE: Wear safety glasses


when cleaning and
removing slag.

8. Deposit the remaining bead.

NOTE: Proceed to the weld


joint maintaining a
uniform bead width of
8 mm
Date: LO1. Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G) Page #
WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON
Version No.: 6
STEEL PLATES (1G, 2G, 3G)
SAFETY MEASURES IN ARC WELDING

● Insulate welder from work piece and ground using dry insulation. Rubber mat dry wood.

● Wear dry, hole-free gloves (Change as necessary to keep dry).

● Do not touch electrically “ hot: parts of electrode with bare skin or wet clothing.

● If wet area and welder cannot be insulated from work piece with dry insulation, use a semi-
automatic, constant-voltage or stick welder with voltage reducing device.

● Keep electrode holder and cable insulation in good condition. Do not use if insulation is
damaged or missing.

● Use ventilation or exhaust to keep air breathing zone clear, and comfortable.

● Use helmet and positioning of head to minimize fume in breathing zone.

● Read warnings on electrode container and material safety data sheets for electrode.

● Provide additional ventilation/exhaust were special ventilation requirements exist.

● Use special care when welding in contained area.

● Do not weld unless ventilation is adequate.

● Do not weld on containers which have held combustible materials. Check before welding.

● Remove flammable materials from welding area or shield from sparks, heat.

● Keep a fire extinguisher in the welding area.

● Wear fire retardant clothing and hat. Use earplugs when welding overhead.

Date: LO1. Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G) Page #
WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON
Version No.: 7
STEEL PLATES (1G, 2G, 3G)
1. Straightness

Subtract 1 mark for each degree of deflection from the line of weld.

2. Width of Bead

Subtract 2 marks for each 10mm length of bead which is 1mm less than or more than the
bead width of 8mm.

3. Height of Bead

Subtract 2 marks for 10mm length of bead which exceeds the bead height of 3mm.

4. Ripple

Subtract 3 points for uneven and coarse ripple.


5. Plate Alignment
Subtract 1 mark for each 2 degrees of angular misalignment.
Subtract 1 mark for each millimeter of offset between plates.

Date: LO1. Weld Carbon Steel Plates in Flat Position (1G) Page #
WELDING GROOVE WELD ON CARBON
Version No.: 8
STEEL PLATES (1G, 2G, 3G)