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Expert cognitive research made easier.

Research is the quick and simple to use assessment system providing

highly validated touchscreen tests of cognition.

attention and processing speed, making CANTAB Connect Research ideal

for most disease areas. For more information on disease and research

areas we recommend for CANTAB Connect, see our Test Selector:

http://www.cambridgecognition.com/academic-

studies/resources/CANTAB-test-selector

quality multi-site studies, enabling researchers - whether experts in

cognition or not - to produce world-leading cognitive science.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Product Description

CANTAB Connect Research is a cloud based product that enables academics to select a

combination of eleven tests to assess cognition in research studies. The tests are all

standardised, including voiceover instructions. This reduces the burden of test

administration and helps to ensure consistent administration between sites and researchers

in larger studies. In addition, the predominantly nonverbal nature of the tests minimises

the risk of errors arising from differences in language or cultural understanding. The task

variants available make the product suitable for both highly impaired patients and high

functioning individuals; however, the tests are not validated for paediatric populations.

CANTAB Connect does not currently have normative data built into the product.

Researchers should always, where possible, recruit a suitable control group for all research.

Watch our video to explain why normative data should not be used replace a control group

when conducting research:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hmgtwAK5JAo&feature=youtu.be

The cloud technology platform enables automatic backup of data, which can be accessed

from anywhere in the world at any time. Data from studies is also synchronised across sites

and hardware systems, facilitating larger scale studies.

CANTAB Connect Research is a fixed product; the task variants, outcome measures

available and the output format is standardized. Any bespoke adaptations of this product

will require approval and will incur additional costs.

Hardware

Validated on iPad 5 Air 1 + 2

Key Features

• Targets the key cognitive domains, allowing the measurement of information input,

information storage, and the use of information to guide behaviour.

• Test panel that can be used in patient populations and healthy volunteers.

• Automated and standardized test administration and data collection.

• Immediate, secure data storage, real-time data access and online query management

capability.

Key Advantages

• Easy to understand science.

• High quality data.

• Study workloads and costs are greatly reduced, enabling faster, easier and more accurate

data collection.

• Data can be efficiently and reliably captured and reviewed.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Familiarization task: Motor Screening Task (MOT)

MOT provides a general assay of whether sensorimotor or comprehension difficulties limit

collecting valid data from the subject.

Participants must touch the flashing cross which is shown in different locations on the

screen. The test has two outcome measures which measure the participant’s speed of

response and the accuracy of the participant’s pointing.

RTI provides assays of motor and mental response speeds, as well as measures of

movement time, reaction time and response accuracy.

In this five-choice reaction time task the subject must press and hold down a touchscreen

button at the bottom of the screen. A yellow spot will appear inside one of five yellow

circles at the top of the screen. Subjects must respond to the spot as quickly as they can by

letting go of the button and touching the circle where the yellow spot appeared. This is

repeated for 30 trials. Practice trials are available to familiarize subjects with the task.

The eleven outcome measures in RTI include reaction times, movement times, and error

scores.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

RVP is a sensitive tool for assessment of sustained attention.

Single digits appear one at a time at a rate of 100 digits per minute. Participants must

detect a series of target sequences (e.g. 3-5-7) and touch a button when they see the last

digit of a target sequence. Nine target sequences appear every 100 numbers. Performance

on the RVP task has been shown to be associated with activation in a network of brain

structures including the frontal and parietal lobes (Coull et al., 1995).

Key outcome measures include RVP A prime. A signal detection measure of target

sensitivity and RVP median response latency.

PAL assesses visual memory and new learning, and is a sensitive tool for accurate

assessment of episodic memory.

Boxes are displayed on the screen and open one by one in a randomized order to reveal

patterns hidden inside. The patterns are then displayed in the middle of the screen, one at

a time, and the subject must touch the box where the pattern was originally located. If the

subject makes an error, the patterns are re-presented to remind the subject of their

locations. Practice trials with fewer patterns are available to familiarize subjects with the

task.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

DMS is a test of attention and recognition. It measures participants ability to match a target

pattern to four samples, both simultaneously (the target pattern is still displayed on the

screen) and after delay.

This test assesses visual matching ability and visual recognition memory. The participant is

shown a complex visual pattern and then after a brief delay, four patterns. The participant

must touch the pattern that matches the sample. In some trials the sample and the choice

patterns are shown simultaneously, whereas in others there is a delay (of 0, 4 or 12

seconds) before the four choices appear. Many lesion studies, in both humans and non-

human primates, have indicated that delayed matching to sample is primarily sensitive to

damage in the medial temporal lobes (particularly hippocampus) and frontal lobes (Sahgal

& Iversen, 1978).

PRM is a measure of visual recognition memory.

The participant’s watch a series of 12 patterns appear, one at a time, on the screen. These

patterns are designed so that they cannot be given verbal labels.

In the recognition phase, the participant chooses which two patterns they have already

seen before.

This is then repeated, with a new set of 24 patterns to be remembered.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

SWM requires retention and manipulation of visuospatial information. This test has notable

executive function demands, and measures strategy use as well as errors.

The test begins with coloured boxes being shown on the screen. The aim of this test is that,

by touching the boxes and using a process of elimination, the subject should find one

‘token’ in each of the boxes and use them to fill up an empty column on the right hand side

of the screen. The key task instruction is that the computer will never hide a token in the

same coloured box, so once a token is found in a box the participant should not return to

that box to look for another token. The colour and position of the boxes used are changed

from trial to trial to discourage the use of stereotyped search strategies.

The key outcome measures for SWM include errors (touching boxes that have been found

to be empty and revisiting boxes which have already been found to contain a token) and

strategy, a measurement of executive function.

AST is a test of executive function which provides a measure of cued attentional set-

shifting.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

On each trial, an arrow appears on the right or on the left hand side of the screen and the

participant is asked to make a right or left response.

During training stages, participants learn to either respond according to the direction of the

arrow, or according to the side of the screen on which it appears.

During the assessed stage, each trial is preceded by a cue indicating whether the

participant should respond according to direction or side. For some trials, the arrow’s

direction and side are incongruent.

(OTS)

OTS is a test of executive function, planning and working memory based upon the ‘Tower of

Hanoi’.

The participant sees two displays containing three coloured balls and must work out in their

head how many ‘moves’ would be required to make the lower display match the upper

display. Latency and accuracy measures are calculated.

SSP is a test of visuospatial working memory.

In this test, based on the Corsi block tapping task, white squares briefly change colour in a

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

variable sequence.

The participant must remember the sequence and then touch the squares in that same

order.

The sequence length increases through the test. There are up to 3 attempts at each

sequence length and the test terminates if all three are failed.

ERT assesses social cognition and measures the ability of the participant to identify

emotions in facial expressions.

The participant is shown a series of faces and asked to identify the emotion (happiness,

sadness, anger, disgust, surprise & fear)

Coming Soon in 2016

Coming Soon in 2016

Task Variants

Test Code Variants in CANTAB Connect Closest Task Variant in CANTAB

Research Research Suite

MOT Voice Both equivalent to High Visibility

Tone

PAL 12 Choice Practice No equivalent

12 Choice (assessed) No equivalent

Standard equivalent to

parallel_a2_a4_a6_a8_fourAttempts<1-

4> but Connect version has a practice

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Five-choice Practice Screen Parallel 30a (simple and 5

choice)

One-target Touch Screen 357 6a 9t

12 Tokens No equivalent

2X6-60-2X8-80 but Connect has 1

problem assessed at each level and

older has 2

8s8d-40s40da

Short No eqivalent

OTS Standard 7-choice 15

Alternative 6-choice 20

Task Variant Duration Task structure

8 Direction trials, practice (arrows centred)

8 Direction trials, practice (arrows at sides of screen)

40 Direction trials, assessed

AST Standard 8 minutes 8 Side trials, practice

40 Side trials, assessed

16 Mixed direction & side trials, practice

80 Mixed direction & side trials, assessed

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7

DMS Recommended Standard second delays)

minutes

20 assessed trials (5 per delay type)

Task Variant Duration Task structure

5 practice trials

90 assessed trials

Male/Female faces

Long 9 minutes

Caucasian

6 emotions (happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust)

15 intensities

ERT

5 practice trials

48 assessed trials

Male/Female faces

Short 6 minutes

Caucasian

6 emotions (happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust)

8 intensities

3 practice trials

Tone 2 minutes 10 assessed trials

No voiceover - invigilator led

MOT

3 practice trials

Voice 2 minutes 10 assessed trials

Voiceover led

Standard 10 minutes

15 assessed trials (1 to 6 moves)

OTS

3 mandatory practice trials (2, 3, 4 moves)

Alternative 8 minutes

20 assessed trials (1 to 5 moves)

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

12 Patterns Assessed 4 minutes 12 patterns assessed (3 attempts)

2, 4, 8, 12 patterns practice (3 attempts)

PAL High Functioning 10 minutes

12 patterns assessed (3 attempts)

2 pattern practice

Recommended Standard 8 minutes

2, 4, 6, 8 patterns assessed (4 attempts)

5

PRM Recommended Standard 12 patterns delayed recognition (20

minutes

minutes)

Reaction Time

3

Five Choice Practice 30 trials, practice

minutes

3

Five Choice Assessed 30 trials, assessed

minutes

4 10 trials, practice

Five Choice

minutes 30 trials, assessed

RTI

10 simple trials, practice (repeated if 3 errors

made)

6 30 simple trials, assessed

Simple and Five-Choice

minutes 10 five-choice trials, practice (repeated if 3

errors made)

30 five-choice trials, assessed

1 Target 9 minutes 6 minutes assessed

1 target sequence: 3-5-7

RVP

1 minute practice (with 3-5-7)

3 Targets 9 minutes 6 minutes assessed

3 target sequences: 3-5-7; 2-4-6-; 4-6-8

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Spatial Span

Task Variant Duration Task structure

2 x 2 box sequence practice trials (3 attempts)

Standard Forward 4 minutes

7 assessed trials (3-9 box sequences, 3 attempts)

SSP

2 x 2 box sequence practice trials (3 attempts)

Standard Reverse 4 minutes

7 assessed trials (3-9 box sequences, 3 attempts)

12 Tokens Assessed 4 minutes 3 trials of 12 tokens , assessed

3, 6, 9, 12 tokens, practice

SWM High Functioning 9 minutes

12 tokens, assessed

Recommended Standard 5 minutes

4, 6, 8 tokens assessed trials

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Rows highlighted in yellow refer to the Key Outcome Measures we recommend

Name Header Applicability

MOT MOT Mean MOTML The mean latency from the display of a stimulus Voice

latency to a correct response to that stimulus during Tone

assessment trials.

MOT MOT Median MOTSDL This is the standard deviation of the latency, Voice

latency calculated from the display of a stimulus to a Tone

(standard correct response to that stimulus during

deviation) assessment trials.

MOT MOT Total MOTTC The total number of assessment trials on which Voice

Correct the subject made a correct response. Tone

MOT MOT Total MOTTE The total number of assessment trials on which Voice

Errors the subject failed to make a correct response. Tone

Name Header Applicability

AST AST Total ASTTC The number of trials for which the outcome AST Standard

correct was a correct response (subject pressed the

correct button within the response window),

calculated across all assessed trials.

AST AST Total ASTTIC The number of trials for which the outcome AST Standard

incorrect was an incorrect response (subject pressed

the incorrect button within the response

window), calculated across all assessed trials.

AST AST ASTSWBE The number of trials in assessed block(s) in AST Standard

Switching which the rule is switching and the trial

block errors outcome was an incorrect response.

AST AST Non- ASTNBE The number of trials in assessed block(s) in AST Standard

switching which the rule is non-switching and the trial

block errors outcome was an incorrect response.

AST AST Side ASTSBE The number of trials in assessed block(s) in AST Standard

block errors which the rule is to respond to the side of the

screen and the trial outcome was an incorrect

response.

AST AST ASTDBE The number of trials in assessed block(s) in AST Standard

Direction which the rule is to respond to the direction of

block errors the arrow and the trial outcome was an

incorrect response.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

AST AST ASTCE The number of assessed congruent trials for AST Standard

Congruent which the trial outcome was an incorrect

errors response (subject pressed the wrong button).

AST AST ASTICE The number of assessed incongruent trials for AST Standard

Incongruent which the trial outcome was an incorrect

errors response (subject pressed the wrong button).

AST AST Side ASTSE The number of assessed trials where the AST Standard

errors outcome was an incorrect response (subject

pressed the wrong button), calculated for

trials where the instruction was to respond to

the side of the screen.

AST AST ASTDE The number of assessed trials where the AST Standard

Direction outcome was an incorrect response (subject

errors pressed the wrong button), calculated for

trials where the instruction was to respond to

the direction of the arrow.

AST AST ASTTOE The number of trials for which the trial AST Standard

Omission outcome was an omission error (no response).

errors

AST AST ASTTCE The number of trials for which the trial AST Standard

Commission outcome was a commission error (response

errors when no stimulus present)

AST AST ASTLM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

Reaction appearance to button press), calculated across

latency all correct, assessed trials.

(mean)

AST AST ASTLMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

Reaction stimulus appearance to button press),

latency calculated across all correct, assessed trials.

(median)

AST AST ASTLSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

Reaction response (from stimulus appearance to button

latency (SD) press), calculated across all correct, assessed

trials.

AST AST RL ASTLSWM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press) in assessed

switching block(s) in which the rule is switching.

blocks)

AST AST RL ASTLSWMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) in

switching assessed block(s) in which the rule is

blocks) switching.

AST AST RL (SD ASTLSWSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- switching response (from stimulus appearance to button

blocks) press) in assessed block(s) in which the rule is

switching.

AST AST RL ASTLNBM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press) in assessed

non- block(s) in which the rule is non-switching.

switching

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

blocks)

AST AST RL ASTLNBMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) in

non- assessed block(s) in which the rule is non-

switching switching.

blocks)

AST AST RL (SD ASTLNBSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- non- response (from stimulus appearance to button

switching press) in assessed block(s) in which the rule is

blocks) non-switching.

AST AST RL ASTLSBM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - side appearance to button press) in assessed

blocks) block(s) in which the rule is to respond to the

side of the screen.

AST AST RL ASTLSBMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) in

side blocks) assessed block(s) in which the rule is to

respond to the side of the screen.

AST AST RL (SD ASTLSBSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- side response (from stimulus appearance to button

blocks) press) in assessed block(s) in which the rule is

to respond to the side of the screen.

AST AST RL ASTLDBM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press) in assessed

direction block(s) in which the rule is to respond to the

blocks) direction of the arrow.

AST AST RL ASTLDBMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) in

direction assessed block(s) in which the rule is to

blocks) respond to the direction of the arrow.

AST AST RL (SD ASTLDBSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- direction response (from stimulus appearance to button

blocks) press) in assessed block(s) in which the rule is

to respond to the direction of the arrow.

AST AST RL ASTLCM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press) on congruent

congruent) trials.

AST AST RL ASTLCMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) on

congruent) congruent trials.

AST AST RL (SD ASTLCSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- congruent) response (from stimulus appearance to button

press) on congruent trials.

AST AST RL ASTLICM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press) on incongruent

incongruent) trials.

AST AST RL ASTLICMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press) on

incongruent) incongruent trials.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

AST AST RL (SD ASTLICSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- response (from stimulus appearance to button

incongruent) press) on incongruent trials.

AST AST RL ASTLSDM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press), calculated for

side) trials where the instruction was to respond to

the side of the screen

AST AST RL ASTLSDMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press),

side) calculated for trials where the instruction was

to respond to the side of the screen

AST AST RL (SD ASTLSDSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- side) response (from stimulus appearance to button

press), calculated for trials where the

instruction was to respond to the side of the

screen

AST AST RL ASTLDM The mean latency of response (from stimulus AST Standard

(mean - appearance to button press), calculated for

direction) trials where the instruction was to respond to

the direction of the stimulus

AST AST RL ASTLDMD The median latency of response (from AST Standard

(median - stimulus appearance to button press),

direction) calculated for trials where the instruction was

to respond to the direction of the stimulus

AST AST RL (SD ASTLDSD The standard deviation of the latency of AST Standard

- direction) response (from stimulus appearance to button

press), calculated for trials where the

instruction was to respond to the direction of

the stimulus

AST AST ASTCCOST The difference between the mean latency of AST Standard

Congruency response (from stimulus appearance to button

cost (mean) press) on the trials that were congruent

versus the trials that were incongruent.

Calculated by subtracting the mean congruent

latency (in ms) from the mean incongruent

latency. This measure is complex in sense.

Close to zero indicates less variation in

latencies across congruent and incongruent

trials. A positive score indicates that the

subject is faster on congruent trials and a

negative score indicates that the subject is

faster on incongruent trials.

AST AST ASTCCMD The difference between the median latency of AST Standard

Congruency response (from stimulus appearance to button

cost press) on the trials that were congruent

(median) versus the trials that were incongruent.

Calculated by subtracting the median

congruent latency (in ms) from the median

incongruent latency. This measure is complex

in sense. Close to zero indicates less variation

in latencies across congruent and incongruent

trials. A positive score indicates that the

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

negative score indicates that the subject is

faster on incongruent trials.

AST AST ASTSWCM The difference between the mean latency of AST Standard

Switching response (from stimulus appearance to button

cost (mean) press) during assessed blocks in which the

rule is switching versus assessed blocks in

which the rule remains constant. Calculated

by subtracting the mean latency of response

during non-switching block(s) from the mean

latency of response during switching block(s).

This measure is complex in sense. Close to

zero indicates less variation in latencies across

non-switch and switch trials. A positive score

indicates that the subject responds more

quickly in non-switching block(s).

AST AST ASTSWCMD The difference between the median latency of AST Standard

Switching response (from stimulus appearance to button

cost press) during assessed blocks in which the

(median) rule is switching versus assessed blocks in

which the rule remains constant. Calculated

by subtracting the median latency of response

during non-switching block(s) from the

median latency of response during switching

block(s). This measure is complex in sense.

Close to zero indicates less variation in

latencies across non-switch and switch trials.

A positive score indicates that the subject

responds more quickly in non-switching

block(s).

Name Header Applicability

DMS DMS Total DMSTC The count of assessment trials during which the Recommended

correct subject selected the correct box on their first Standard

box choice.

DMS DMS Total DMSTCA The count of assessment trials where the Recommended

correct (all D responses were not displayed simultaneously Standard

delays) alongside the stimulus and where the subject’s

first and only box choice was correct.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

DMS DMS Total DMSTCS The count of assessment trials where the Recommended

correct choices were displayed simultaneously and Standard

(simultane where the subject’s first and only box choice

ous) was correct.

DMS DMS Total DMSTC0 The count of assessment trials where the Recommended

correct (0 s choices were displayed after a delay of 0 Standard

delay) seconds and where the subject’s first and only

box choice was correct.

DMS DMS Total DMSTC4 The count of assessment trials where the Recommended

correct (4 s choices were displayed after a delay of 4 Standard

delay) seconds and where the subject’s first and only

box choice was correct.

DMS DMS Total DMSTC1 The count of assessment trials where the Recommended

correct (12 2 choices were displayed after a delay of 12 Standard

s delay) seconds and where the subject’s first and only

box choice was correct.

DMS DMS DMSPC The percentage of assessment trials during Recommended

Percent which the subject selected the correct box on Standard

correct their first box choice.

DMS DMS DMSPCA The percentage of assessment trials where the Recommended

Percent D responses were not displayed simultaneously Standard

correct (all alongside the stimulus and where the subject’s

delays) first and only box choice was correct.

DMS DMS DMSPCS The percentage of assessment trials where the Recommended

Percent choices were displayed simultaneously and Standard

correct where the subject’s first and only box choice

(simultane was correct.

ous)

DMS DMS DMSPC0 The percentage of assessment trials with a Recommended

Percent delay of 0 seconds where the subject’s first Standard

correct (0 s and only box choice was correct.

delay)

DMS DMS DMSPC4 The percentage of assessment trials with a Recommended

Percent delay of 4 seconds where the subject’s first Standard

correct (4 s and only box choice was correct.

delay)

DMS DMS DMSPC1 The percentage of assessment trials with a Recommended

Percent 2 delay of 12 seconds where the subject’s first Standard

correct (12 and only box choice was correct.

s delay)

DMS DMS Total DMSTE The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

Errors select the correct box on their first response to Standard

a trial across all trials and regardless of which

of the three incorrect boxes they chose

DMS DMS Error DMSEC The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(incorrect select the correct box on their first response to Standard

colour) a trial. The inclusion set against which this

measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is matched to the

sample by colour.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

DMS DMS Error DMSEP The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(incorrect select the correct box on their first response to Standard

pattern) a trial. The inclusion set against which this

measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is matched to the

sample by shape.

DMS DMS Error DMSED The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(Distractor) select the correct box on their first response to Standard

a trial. The inclusion set against which this

measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is a novel

distractor.

DMS DMS Total DMSTEA The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

Errors (All D select the correct box on their first response to Standard

Delays) a trial across all delay conditions only trials and

regardless of which of the three incorrect boxes

they chose.

DMS DMS Error DMSECA The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(all delays, D select the correct box on their first response to Standard

incorrect a trial. The inclusion set against which this

colour) measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is matched to the

sample by colour.

DMS DMS Error DMSEPA The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(all delays, D select the correct box on their first response to Standard

incorrect a trial. The inclusion set against which this

pattern) measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is matched to the

sample by shape.

DMS DMS Error DMSED The number of times that the subject failed to Recommended

(all delays, AD select the correct box on their first response to Standard

distractor) a trial. The inclusion set against which this

measure is calculated is all assessed trials

where the selected distractor is a novel

distractor.

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency correct choice on assessment trials where the

subject’s first choice is correct.

DMS DMS DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

Median L being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

correct correct choice on assessment trials where the

latency subject’s first choice is correct.

Correct calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency displayed to the subject choosing the correct

(SD) choice on assessment trials where the subject’s

first choice is correct.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct AD being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (all correct choice, on assessment trials where the

delays) responses were not displayed simultaneously

alongside the stimulus and where the subject’s

first choice is correct.

DMS DMS DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

Median LAD being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

correct correct choice, on assessment trials where the

latency (all responses were not displayed simultaneously

delays) alongside the stimulus and where the subject’s

first choice is correct.

DMS DMS DMSLAD The standard deviation of the latency Recommended

Correct SD calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency (all displayed to the subject choosing the correct

delays - choice, on assessment trials where the

SD) responses were not displayed simultaneously

alongside the stimulus and where the subject’s

first choice is correct.

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct S being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency correct choice on simultaneous assessment

(simultane trials where the subject’s first choice is correct.

ous)

DMS DMS MD DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

correct LS being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency correct choice on simultaneous assessment

(simultane trials where the subject’s first choice is correct.

ous)

DMS DMS DMSLSS The standard deviation of the latency Recommended

Correct D calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency displayed to the subject choosing the correct

(simultane choice on simultaneous assessment trials

ous - SD) where the subject’s first choice is correct.

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct 0 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (0 correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

ms delay) of 0 seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

DMS DMS DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

Median L0 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

correct correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

latency (0 of 0 seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

s delay) correct.

DMS DMS DMSL0S The standard deviation of the latency Recommended

Correct D calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency (0 displayed to the subject choosing the correct

s delay - choice on assessment trials with a delay of 0

SD) seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct 4 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (4 correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

s delay) of 4 seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

DMS DMS MD DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

correct L4 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (4 correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

s delay) of 4 seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

DMS DMS DMSL4S The standard deviation of the latency Recommended

Correct D calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency (4 displayed to the subject choosing the correct

s delay - choice on assessment trials with a delay of 4

SD) seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

DMS DMS Mean DMSML The Mean latency from the available choices Recommended

correct 12 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (12 correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

s delay) of 12 seconds, where the subject’s first choice

is correct.

DMS DMS MD DMSMD The Median latency from the available choices Recommended

correct L12 being displayed to the subject choosing the Standard

latency (12 correct choice on assessment trials with a delay

s delay) of 12 seconds, where the subject’s first choice

is correct.

DMS DMS DMSL12 The standard deviation of the latency Recommended

Correct SD calculated from the available choices being Standard

latency (12 displayed to the subject choosing the correct

s delay - choice on assessment trials with a delay of 12

SD) seconds, where the subject’s first choice is

correct.

DMS DMS Mean DMSMC The mean number of choices that the subject Recommended

choices to C made on each trial, including the correct Standard

correct choice. The inclusion set against which this

measure is calculated is all assessed trials on

which the subject eventually made a correct

choice

DMS DMS DMSPEG This measure reports the probability of an error Recommended

Probability C occurring when the previous trial was Standard

of error responded to correctly

given

correct

DMS DMS DMSPEG This measure reports the probability of an error Recommended

Probability E occurring when the previous trial was Standard

of error responded to incorrectly

given error

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

Name Header Applicability

ERT ERT Overall ERTOMDRT The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Median the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time assessment blocks.

ERT ERT Overall ERTORTSD The standard deviation of the latency from ERT Short

Reaction stimulus onset to the subject’s response ERT Long

Time (SD) button touch (i.e. emotion chosen) for all

problems during assessment blocks.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTH The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time emotion chosen) for all problems during

Happiness assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was happiness.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTS The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time emotion chosen) for all problems during

Sadness assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was sadness.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTF The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time Fear emotion chosen) for all problems during

assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was fear.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTA The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time Anger emotion chosen) for all problems during

assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was anger.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTSU The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time emotion chosen) for all problems during

Surprise assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was surprise.

ERT ERT Median ERTMDRTD The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Reaction the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Time emotion chosen) for all problems during

Disgust assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was disgust.

ERT ERT Overall ERTOMDCRT The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Median the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Correct emotion chosen) for all problems during

Reaction assessment blocks for which the subject

Time responded correctly.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

ERT ERT Overall ERTOCRTSD The standard deviation of the latency from ERT Short

Correct stimulus onset to the subject’s response ERT Long

Reaction button touch (i.e. emotion chosen) for all

Time (SD) problems during assessment blocks for which

the subject responded correctly.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTH The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time assessment blocks for which the selected

Happiness emotion was happiness and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTS The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time assessment blocks for which the selected

Sadness emotion was sadness and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTF The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time Fear assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was fear and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTA The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time Anger assessment blocks for which the selected

emotion was anger and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTSU The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time assessment blocks for which the selected

Surprise emotion was surprise and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT ERTMDCRTD The median latency from stimulus onset to ERT Short

Correct the subject’s response button touch (i.e. ERT Long

Reaction emotion chosen) for all problems during

Time assessment blocks for which the selected

Disgust emotion was disgust and the response was

correct.

ERT ERT Total ERTTH The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

correct emotion.

ERT ERT Total ERTTHH The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

Happiness correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is happiness.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

ERT ERT Total ERTTHS The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

Sadness correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is sadness.

ERT ERT Total ERTTHF The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits Fear blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is fear.

ERT ERT Total ERTTHA The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits Anger blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is anger.

ERT ERT Total ERTTHSU The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

Surprise correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is surprise.

ERT ERT Total ERTTHD The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

Hits blocks, on which the subject chose the ERT Long

Disgust correct emotion. Calculated where the correct

answer is disgust.

ERT ERT Total ERTTFAH The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected happiness.

Happiness

ERT ERT Total ERTTFAS The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected sadness.

Sadness

ERT ERT Total ERTTFAF The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected fear.

Fear

ERT ERT Total ERTTFAA The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected anger.

Anger

ERT ERT Total ERTTFASU The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected surprise.

Surprise

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ERT ERT Total ERTTFAD The number of problems during assessment ERT Short

False blocks, on which the subject incorrectly ERT Long

Alarms selected disgust.

Disgust

ERT ERT ERTUHRH The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Happiness one is made. Calculated for happiness trials.

ERT ERT ERTUHRS The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Sadness one is made. Calculated for sadness trials.

ERT ERT ERTUHRF The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Fear one is made. Calculated for fear trials.

ERT ERT ERTUHRA The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Anger one is made. Calculated for anger trials.

ERT ERT ERTUHRSU The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Surprise one is made. Calculated for surprise trials.

ERT ERT ERTUHRD The joint probability that an emotion is ERT Short

Unbiased correctly selected, given that it is presented, ERT Long

Hit Rate and that a response is correctly made, given

Disgust one is made. Calculated for disgust trials.

Name Header Applicability

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved on first which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice correct.

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC1 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice (1move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 1

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC2 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice (2move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 2

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC3 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice (3move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 3

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OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC4 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice (4move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 4

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC5 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was OTS Alternative

choice (5move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 5

OTS OTS Problems OTSPSFC6 The number of assessment problems on OTS Standard

solved 1st which the first box choice made was

choice (6move) correct, and where the minimum number

of moves was equal to 6

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct to make the correct choice, calculated

for assessment problems.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC1 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct (1 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 1.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC2 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct (2 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 2.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC3 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct (3 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 3

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC4 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct (4 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 4.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC5 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem OTS Alternative

correct (5 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 5

OTS OTS Mean OTSMCC6 The mean number of unique box choices OTS Standard

choices to that the subject made on each problem

correct (6 to make the correct choice (including the

move) correct choice), for assessment problems

that had the minimum number of moves

equal to 6

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OTS OTS Mean OTSMLFC The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to first appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems where the first

response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLFC The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to first appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems where the first

response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLFCSD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice (SD) latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems where the first

response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF1 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (1move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 1 move only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF1 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (1move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 1 move only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF1SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

(1move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 1 move only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF2 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (2move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 2 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF2 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (2move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 2 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF2SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

(2move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 2 moves only,

where the first response was correct

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF3 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (3move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 3 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF3 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (3move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 3 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF3SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

(3move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 3 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF4 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (4move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 4 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF4 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (4move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 4 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF4SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

(4move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 4 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF5 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (5move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 5 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF5 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

choice (5move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 5 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF5SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

(5move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 5 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLF6 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the

choice (6move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 6 moves only,

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLF6 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to 1st appearance of the stocking balls until the

choice (6move) first box choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 6 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLF6SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

1st choice latency, calculated from the appearance

(6move - SD) of the stocking balls until the first box

choice was made. Calculated for

assessment problems of 6 moves only,

where the first response was correct

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct correct box choice was made, for

assessment problems.

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct correct box choice was made, for

assessment problems.

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLCSD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (SD) latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC1 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (1 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 1.

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC1 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (1 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 1.

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC1SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (1move latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 1.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC2 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (2 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 2.

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC2 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (2 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 2.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC2SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (2move latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 2.

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC3 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (3 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 3

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC3 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (3 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 3

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC3SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (3move latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 3

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC4 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (4 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 4

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC4 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (4 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 4

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC4SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (4move latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 4

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC5 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (5 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 5

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC5 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the OTS Alternative

correct (5 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 5

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC5SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (5move latency, calculated from the appearance OTS Alternative

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 5

OTS OTS Mean OTSMLC6 The mean latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the

correct (6 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 6

OTS OTS Median OTSMDLC6 The median latency, measured from the OTS Standard

latency to appearance of the stocking balls until the

correct (6 correct box choice was made, for

move) assessment problems that had the

minimum number of moves equal to 6

OTS OTS Latency to OTSLC6SD This is the standard deviation of the OTS Standard

correct (6move latency, calculated from the appearance

- SD) of the stocking balls until the correct box

choice was made, for assessment

problems that had the minimum number

of moves equal to 6

OTS OTS Probability OTSPEGC This measure reports the probability of OTS Standard

of error given an error occurring when the previous OTS Alternative

correct trial was responded to correctly

OTS OTS Probability OTSPEGE This measure reports the probability of OTS Standard

of error given an error occurring when the previous OTS Alternative

error trial was responded to incorrectly

Name Header safe Applicability

PAL PAL Total PALTEA The number of times the subject chose Yes PAL High

errors the incorrect box for a stimulus on Functioning

(adjusted) assessment problems (PALTE), plus an PAL 12 Patterns

adjustment for the estimated number Assessed

of errors they would have made on any PAL

problems, attempts and recalls they did Recommended

not reach Standard

PAL PAL Total PALTEA2 The number of times the subject chose Yes PAL

errors 2 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

shapes assessment problems, where the Standard

adjusted number of shapes was equal to 2 (PAL

Total Errors (2 shapes)), plus an

adjustment for the estimated number

of errors they would have made on any

problems, attempts and recalls (with

shapes equal to 2) they did not reach

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

PAL PAL Total PALTEA4 The number of times the subject chose Yes PAL

errors 4 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

shapes assessment problems, where the Standard

adjusted number of shapes was equal to 4 (PAL

Total Errors (4 shapes)), plus an

adjustment for the estimated number

of errors they would have made on any

problems, attempts and recalls (with

shapes equal to 4) they did not reach

PAL PAL Total PALTEA6 The number of times the subject chose Yes PAL

errors 6 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

shapes assessment problems, where the Standard

adjusted number of shapes was equal to 6 (PAL

Total Errors (6 shapes)), plus an

adjustment for the estimated number

of errors they would have made on any

problems, attempts and recalls (with

shapes equal to 6) they did not reach

PAL PAL Total PALTEA8 The number of times the subject chose Yes PAL

errors 8 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

shapes assessment problems, where the Standard

adjusted number of shapes was equal to 8 (PAL

Total Errors (8 shapes)), plus an

adjustment for the estimated number

of errors they would have made on any

problems, attempts and recalls (with

shapes equal to 8) they did not reach

PAL PAL Total PALTE The number of times the subject chose PAL

errors the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

assessment problems. Standard

PAL PAL Total PALTE2 The number of times the subject chose PAL

errors 2 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

patterns assessment problems, where the Standard

number of shapes was equal to 2.

PAL PAL Total PALTE4 The number of times the subject chose PAL

errors 4 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

patterns assessment problems, where the Standard

number of shapes was equal to 4.

PAL PAL Total PALTE6 The number of times the subject chose PAL

errors 6 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

patterns assessment problems, where the Standard

number of shapes was equal to 6.

PAL PAL Total PALTE8 The number of times the subject chose PAL

errors 8 the incorrect box for a stimulus on Recommended

patterns assessment problems, where the Standard

number of shapes was equal to 8.

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PAL PAL Total PALTA The total number of attempts made PAL

attempts (but not necessarily completed) by the Recommended

subject during assessment problems. Standard

PAL High

Functioning

PAL 12 Patterns

Assessed

PAL PAL Total PALTA2 The total number of attempts made PAL

attempts (but not necessarily completed) by the Recommended

2 patterns subject during assessment problems Standard

with the stipulated number of shapes.

PAL PAL Total PALTA4 The total number of attempts made PAL

attempts (but not necessarily completed) by the Recommended

4 patterns subject during assessment problems Standard

with the stipulated number of shapes.

PAL PAL Total PALTA6 The total number of attempts made PAL

attempts (but not necessarily completed) by the Recommended

6 patterns subject during assessment problems Standard

with the stipulated number of shapes.

PAL PAL Total PALTA8 The total number of attempts made PAL

attempts (but not necessarily completed) by the Recommended

8 patterns subject during assessment problems Standard

with the stipulated number of shapes.

PAL PAL Mean PALMETS The average number of errors made on PAL

errors to a problem across all assessed problems Recommended

success Standard

PAL PAL First PALFAMS The number of correct box choices that PAL

attempt were made on the first attempt during Recommended

memory assessment problems. Standard

score PAL High

Functioning

PAL 12 Patterns

Assessed

PAL PAL PALNPR The number of patterns on the last Yes PAL

Number problem reached in the task Recommended

of Standard

patterns

reached

Header Applicability

PRM PRM Percent Correct PRMPCI The number of correct responses PRM

Immediate made in trials from the immediate Recommended

condition, expressed as a Standard

percentage.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

PRM PRM Mean correct PRMMCLI The mean latency for correct PRM

latency responses from the immediate Recommended

condition only, measured in Standard

milliseconds.

PRM PRM Median correct PRMMDCLI The median latency for correct PRM

latency responses from the immediate Recommended

condition only, measured in Standard

milliseconds.

PRM PRM Correct latency PRMCLSDI The standard deviation of latency PRM

(SD) for correct responses from the Recommended

immediate condition only, Standard

measured in milliseconds.

PRM PRM Percent Correct PRMPCD The number of correct responses PRM

Delayed made in trials from the delayed Recommended

condition, expressed as a Standard

percentage.

PRM PRM Mean correct PRMMCLD The mean latency for correct PRM

latency responses from the delayed Recommended

condition only, measured in Standard

milliseconds.

PRM PRM Median correct PRMMDCLD The median latency for correct PRM

latency responses from the delayed Recommended

condition only, measured in Standard

milliseconds.

PRM PRM Correct latency PRMCLSDD The standard deviation of latency PRM

(SD) for correct responses from the Recommended

delayed condition only, measured Standard

in milliseconds.

Name Header Applicability

RTI RTI Mean RTIMSRT The mean duration between the onset of the RTI Simple

simple stimulus and the time at which the subject and Five-

reaction released the button. Calculated for correct, Choice

time assessed trials in which the stimulus could

appear in one location only.

RTI RTI Median RTIMDSRT The median duration between the onset of the RTI Simple

simple stimulus and the time at which the subject and Five-

reaction released the button. Calculated for correct, Choice

time assessed trials, in which the stimulus could

appear in one location only.

RTI RTI Simple RTISRTSD The standard deviation calculated between the RTI Simple

reaction onset of the stimulus and the time at which the and Five-

time (SD) subject released the button. Calculated for Choice

correct, assessed trials in which the stimulus

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

RTI RTI Mean RTIMSMT The mean time taken to touch the stimulus after RTI Simple

simple the button has been released. Calculated for and Five-

movement correct, assessed trials where stimuli could Choice

time appear in one location only.

RTI RTI Median RTIMDSMT The median time taken to touch the stimulus RTI Simple

simple after the button has been released. Calculated and Five-

movement for correct, assessed trials where stimuli could Choice

time appear in one location only.

RTI RTI Simple RTISMTSD The standard deviation calculated between time RTI Simple

movement taken to touch the stimulus after the button has and Five-

time (SD) been released. Calculated for correct, assessed Choice

trials where stimuli could appear in one location

only.

RTI RTI Simple RTISES The total number of trials where the response RTI Simple

error score status is any error, for assessment trials where and Five-

(all) stimuli appear in one location only Choice

RTI RTI Simple RTISESI The total number of trials where the response RTI Simple

error score status is inaccurate, for assessment trials where and Five-

(inaccurate) stimuli appear in one location only Choice

RTI RTI Simple RTISESNR The total number of trials where the response RTI Simple

error score status is no response, for assessment trials and Five-

(no where stimuli appear in one location only Choice

response)

RTI RTI Simple RTISESPR The total number of trials where the response RTI Simple

error score status is premature, for assessment trials where and Five-

(premature) stimuli appear in one location only Choice

RTI RTI Mean RTIFMRT The mean duration between the onset of the RTI Five-

five-choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the RTI Simple

time stimulus could appear in any one of five and Five-

locations. Choice

RTI RTI Median RTIFMDRT The median duration between the onset of the RTI Five-

five-choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the RTI Simple

time stimulus could appear in any one of five and Five-

locations. Choice

RTI RTI Five- RTIFRTSD The standard deviation between the onset of the RTI Five-

choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the RTI Simple

time (SD) stimulus could appear in any one of five and Five-

locations. Choice

RTI RTI Mean RTIFMMT The mean time taken to touch the stimulus after RTI Five-

five-choice the button has been released. Calculated for Choice

movement correct, assessed trials where the stimulus could RTI Simple

time appear in any one of five locations. and Five-

Choice

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

RTI RTI Median RTIFMDMT The median time taken to touch the stimulus RTI Five-

five-choice after the button has been released. Calculated Choice

movement for correct, assessed trials where the stimulus RTI Simple

time could appear in any one of five locations. and Five-

Choice

RTI RTI Five- RTIFMTSD The standard deviation between time taken to RTI Five-

choice touch the stimulus after the button has been Choice

movement released. Calculated for correct, assessed trials RTI Simple

time (SD) where the stimulus could appear in any one of and Five-

five locations. Choice

RTI RTI Five- RTIFES The total number of trials where the response RTI Five-

choice error status is any error, for assessment trials where Choice

score (all) stimuli appear in any of five locations. RTI Simple

and Five-

Choice

RTI RTI Five- RTIFESI The total number of trials where the response RTI Five-

choice error status is inaccurate, for assessment trials where Choice

score stimuli appear in any of five locations. RTI Simple

(inaccurate) and Five-

Choice

RTI RTI Five RTIFESIL The total number of trials where the response RTI Simple

choice error status is incorrect location, for assessment trials and Five-

score where stimuli appear in any of five locations. Choice

(incorrect

location)

RTI RTI Five RTIFESNR The total number of trials where the response RTI Five-

choice error status is no response, for assessment trials Choice

score (no where stimuli appear in any of five locations. RTI Simple

response) and Five-

Choice

RTI RTI Five RTIFESPR The total number of trials where the response RTI Five-

choice error status is premature, for assessment trials where Choice

score stimuli appear in any of five locations. RTI Simple

(premature) and Five-

Choice

RTI RTI Mean RTIMRT The mean duration between the onset of the RTI Five

five-choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the Assessed

time stimulus could appear in any one of five

locations.

RTI RTI Median RTIMDRT The median duration between the onset of the RTI Five

five-choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the Assessed

time stimulus could appear in any one of five

locations.

RTI RTI Five- RTIRTSD The standard deviation between the onset of the RTI Five

choice stimulus and the release of the button. Choice

reaction Calculated for correct, assessed trials where the Assessed

time (SD) stimulus could appear in any one of five

locations.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

RTI RTI Mean RTIMMT The mean time taken to touch the stimulus after RTI Five

five-choice the button has been released. Calculated for Choice

movement correct, assessed trials where the stimulus could Assessed

time appear in any one of five locations.

RTI RTI Median RTIMDMT The median time taken to touch the stimulus RTI Five

five-choice after the button has been released. Calculated Choice

movement for correct, assessed trials where the stimulus Assessed

time could appear in any one of five locations.

RTI RTI Five- RTIMTSD The standard deviation between time taken to RTI Five

choice touch the stimulus after the button has been Choice

movement released. Calculated for correct, assessed trials Assessed

time (SD) where the stimulus could appear in any one of

five locations.

RTI RTI Five- RTIES The total number of trials where the response RTI Five

choice error status is any error, for assessment trials where Choice

score (all) stimuli appear in any of five locations. Assessed

RTI RTI Five- RTIESI The total number of trials where the response

choice error status is inaccurate, for assessment trials where RTI Five

score stimuli appear in any of five locations. Choice

(inaccurate) Assessed

RTI RTI Five RTIESIL The total number of trials where the response

choice error status is incorrect location, for assessment trials RTI Five

score where stimuli appear in any of five locations. Choice

(incorrect Assessed

location)

RTI RTI Five RTIESNR The total number of trials where the response RTI Five

choice error status is no response, for assessment trials Choice

score (no where stimuli appear in any of five locations. Assessed

response)

RTI RTI Five RTIESPR The total number of trials where the response RTI Five

choice error status is premature, for assessment trials where Choice

score stimuli appear in any of five locations. Assessed

(premature)

Name Header Applicability

RVP RVP A’ RVPA A’ (A prime) is the signal detection measure of

sensitivity to the target, regardless of response RVP 3 Targets

tendency (the expected range is 0.00 to 1.00; RVP 1 Target

bad to good). In essence, this metric is a

measure of how good the subject is at detecting

target sequences

RVP RVP RVPPH The number of target sequences during

Probability assessment blocks that were responded to RVP 3 Targets

of hit within the time allowed divided by the number of RVP 1 Target

target sequences during assessment blocks.

RVP RVP RVPPFA The number of sequence presentations that

Probability were false alarms divided by the number of RVP 3 Targets

of false sequence presentations that were false alarms RVP 1 Target

alarm plus the number of sequence presentations that

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

RVP RVP Total RVPTH The total number of target sequences that were RVP 3 Targets

hits responded to within the allowed time during RVP 1 Target

assessment sequence blocks.

RVP RVP Total RVPTFA The count of the stimulus presentations during RVP 3 Targets

false assessment blocks that were false alarms RVP 1 Target

alarms

RVP RVP Total RVPTM The total number of target sequences that were RVP 3 Targets

misses not responded to within the allowed time during RVP 1 Target

assessment sequence blocks.

RVP RVP Mean RVPML The mean response latency during assessment RVP 3 Targets

response sequence blocks where the subject responded RVP 1 Target

latency correctly.

RVP RVP RVPMDL The median response latency during assessment RVP 3 Targets

Median sequence blocks where the subject responded RVP 1 Target

response correctly.

latency

RVP RVP RVPLSD The standard deviation of response latency RVP 3 Targets

Response during assessment sequence blocks where the RVP 1 Target

latency subject responded correctly.

(SD)

Name Header

SWM SWM SWMBE Between errors are defined as times the SWM High Functioning

Between subject revisits a box in which a token SWM Recommdended

errors has previously been found. This is Standard

calculated for trials of four, six and SWM 12 Tokens Assessed

eight tokens.

SWM SWM SWMWE The number of times a subject revisits a SWM High Functioning

Within box already found to be empty during SWM Recommdended

errors the same search. This is calculated for Standard

trials of four, six and eight tokens. SWM 12 Tokens Assessed

SWM SWM SWMDE The number of times a subject commits SWM High Functioning

Double an error that is both a within error and SWM Recommdended

errors a between error. This is calculated for Standard

trials of four, six and eight tokens. SWM 12 Tokens Assessed

SWM SWM SWMTE This is the number of times a box is SWM High Functioning

Total selected that is certain not to contain a SWM Recommdended

errors blue token and therefore should not Standard

have been visited by the subject, i.e. SWM 12 Tokens Assessed

between errors + within errors - double

errors (four, six, eight tokens).

SWM SWM SWMS For problems with six boxes or more, SWM High Functioning

Strategy the number of distinct boxes used by SWM Recommdended

(6-8 the subject to begin a new search for a Standard

boxes) token, within the same problem. (6, 8 SWM 12 Tokens Assessed

tokens)

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

SWM SWM SWMBE The number of times the subject SWM Recommended

Between 4 revisits a box in which a token has Standard

errors 4 previously been found. This is

boxes calculated for trials 4 tokens only

SWM SWM SWMWE The number of times a subject revisits a SWM Recommended

Within 4 box already found to be empty during Standard

errors 4 the same search. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 4 tokens only.

SWM SWM SWMDE The number of times a subject commits SWM Recommended

Double 4 an error that is both a within error and Standard

errors 4 a between error. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 4 tokens only.

SWM SWM SWMTE This is the number of times a box is SWM Recommended

Total 4 selected that is certain not to contain a Standard

errors 4 blue token and therefore should not

boxes have been visited by the subject, i.e.

between errors + within errors - double

errors, calculated for 4-move problems

SWM SWM SWMBE The number of times the subject SWM Recommended

Between 6 revisits a box in which a token has Standard

errors 6 previously been found. This is

boxes calculated for trials 6 tokens only

SWM SWM SWMWE The number of times a subject revisits a SWM Recommended

Within 6 box already found to be empty during Standard

errors 6 the same search. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 6 tokens only.

SWM SWM SWMDE The number of times a subject commits SWM Recommended

Double 6 an error that is both a within error and Standard

errors 6 a between error. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 6 tokens only.

SWM SWM SWMTE This is the number of times a box is SWM Recommended

Total 6 selected that is certain not to contain a Standard

errors 6 blue token and therefore should not

boxes have been visited by the subject, i.e.

between errors + within errors - double

errors, calculated for 6-move problems

SWM SWM SWMBE The number of times the subject SWM Recommended

Between 8 revisits a box in which a token has Standard

errors 8 previously been found. This is

boxes calculated for trials 8 tokens only

SWM SWM SWMWE The number of times a subject revisits a SWM Recommended

Within 8 box already found to be empty during Standard

errors 8 the same search. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 8 tokens only.

1a CANTAB Connect Research Product Overview

SWM SWM SWMDE The number of times a subject commits SWM Recommended

Double 8 an error that is both a within error and Standard

errors 8 a between error. This is calculated for

boxes trials of 8 tokens only.

SWM SWM SWMTE This is the number of times a box is SWM Recommended

Total 8 selected that is certain not to contain a Standard

errors 8 blue token and therefore should not

boxes have been visited by the subject, i.e.

between errors + within errors - double

errors, calculated for 8-move problems

SWM SWM SWMPR This measure reports the problem SWM Recommended

Problem number that the subject reached, but Standard

Reached did not necessarily complete

Name Header

SSP SSP Forward SSPFSL The longest sequence successfully SSP Standard

Span Length recalled by the subject. Forwards variant Forward

only.

SSP SSP Forward SSPFSR The longest sequence problem SSP Standard

Span Reached successfully reached (but not passed) by Forward

the subject. Forwards variant only.

SSP SSP Forward SSPFTE The number of times a box is selected SSP Standard

Total Errors that is not next in the sequence. Forward

Forwards variant only.

SSP SSP Forward SSPFTUE The number of times a box is selected SSP Standard

Total Usage that is not in the sequence. Forwards Forward

Errors variant only.

SSP SSP Forward SSPFMNE The mean number of attempts that were SSP Standard

Mean Number made to pass the span length. Forwards Forward

of Attempts variant only.

SSP SSP Reverse SSPRSL The longest sequence successfully SSP Standard

Span Length recalled by the subject. Reverse variant Reverse

only.

SSP SSP Reverse SSPRSR The longest sequence problem SSP Standard

Span Reached successfully reached (but not passed) by Reverse

the subject. Reverse variant only.

SSP SSP Reverse SSPRTE The number of times a box is selected SSP Standard

Total Errors that is not next in the sequence. Reverse Reverse

variant only.

SSP SSP Reverse SSPRTUE The number of times a box is selected SSP Standard

Total Usage that is not in the sequence. Reverse Reverse

Errors variant only.

SSP SSP Reverse SSPRMNE The mean number of attempts that were SSP Standard

Mean Number made to pass the span length. Reverse Reverse

of Attempts variant only.

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