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lIGCSEAlPast Year v
i n A y
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A e d e
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0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

Mathematical Formulae

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1.  ALGEBRA

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Quadratic Equation
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For the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, A l v
i n
−b 2
b − 4 ac A y
v
x=
l 2a
y
A e m e m
Binomial Theorem
y d ad
m ( ) ( ) n
c a () n c n

d e A
(a + b)n = an + 1 an–1 b + 2 an–2 b2 + … + r an–r br + … + bn,
A
ca ( ) vin n n!
in
lv
where n is a positive integer and r =
A l
(n – r)!r!

A
i n A y
lv m
y m
A e d e 2.  TRIGONOMETRY

d a
ca c
Identities

A A sin2 A + cos2 A = 1

i n sec2 A = 1 + tan2 A

lv cosec2 A = 1 + cot2 A

Formulae for ∆ABC


A
a b c
sin A = sin B = sin C

a2 = b2 + c2 – 2bc cos A
1
∆= bc sin A
2

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© UCLES 2015 0606/12/F/M/15
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/21/M/J/14 14

12  The functions f and g are defined by


2x
f ^xh = for x 2 0 ,
x+1
g ^xh = x + 1 for x 2-1.

  (i)  Find fg ^8h. [2]

ax
  (ii)  Find an expression for f 2 ^xh, giving your answer in the form , where a, b and c are integers
bx + c
to be found. [3]

  (iii)  Find an expression for g -1 ^xh, stating its domain and range. [4]

© UCLES 2014 0606/21/M/J/14


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/21/M/J/14 15

  (iv)  On the same axes, sketch the graphs of y = g ^xh and y = g -1 ^xh, indicating the geometrical
12
relationship between the graphs. [3]

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© UCLES 2014 0606/21/M/J/14


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/22/M/J/14 12

11  The functions f and g are defined, for real values of x greater than 2, by

f (x) = 2 x - 1,
g (x) = x ^x + 1h.

  (i)  State the range of f. [1]

  (ii)  Find an expression for f -1 (x) , stating its domain and range. [4]

© UCLES 2014 0606/22/M/J/14


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/22/M/J/14 13

  (iii)  Find an expression for gf (x) and explain why the equation gf (x) = 0 has no solutions.
11 [4]

© UCLES 2014 0606/22/M/J/14 [Turn over


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/23/M/J/14 16

12  The function f is such that f (x) = 2 + x - 3 for 4 G x G 28 .

  (i)  Find the range of f. [2]

  (ii)  Find f 2 (12) . [2]

  (iii)  Find an expression for f -1 (x) . [2]

120
  The function g is defined by g (x) = for x H 0 .
x
  (iv)  Find the value of x for which gf (x) = 20 . [3]

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of
Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.
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© UCLES 2014 0606/23/M/J/14
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/21/O/N/14 5

4  The functions f and g are defined for real values of x by

f (x) = x-1-3 for x 2 1,

g (x) =
x-2
for x 2 2. y
2x - 3
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  (i)  Find gf(37).

ad [2]

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  A
(ii)  Find an expression for f - 1 (x) .
l v l v [2]

i n A A
lv y y
A em e m
d ad
ca A
c
A n
i
lv

A
(iii)  Find an expression for g -1 (x) . [2]

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© UCLES 2014 0606/21/O/N/14 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/23/O/N/14 10

7  The functions f and g are defined for real values of x by


2
f ^xh = + 1 for x 2 1,
x
g ^xh = x 2 + 2 . y
e m
  Find an expression for

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  (i)  f -1 ^xh,
c in [2]

A lv
i n A y
lv y
A em e m
y d ad
m c a c
e A A
  (ii)  gf ^xh,
cad i n in [2]

A l v l v
i n A A
lv y y
A em e m
d ad
ca A
c
A n
i
lv
  (iii)  fg ^xh.
A [2]

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© UCLES 2014 0606/23/O/N/14
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/23/O/N/14 11

7  3x + 2
(iv)  Show that ff ^xh = and solve ff ^xh = x . [4]
x+2

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lv y y
A em e m
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c
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A

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© UCLES 2014 0606/23/O/N/14 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/12/F/M/15 5

3  (i)  On the axes below sketch the graph of y = 4 - 5x , stating the coordinates of the points
where the graph meets the coordinate axes. [3]

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lv y
A em e m
y O
d ad x

m c a c
e A A
c ad i n in
A l v l v
i n A A
lv y y
  A
(ii)  Solve
em
4 - 5x = 9 .
e m [3]

d ad
ca A
c
A n
i
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A

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© UCLES 2015 0606/12/F/M/15 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/12/F/M/15 10

r
8  (a)  A function f is such that f (i) = sin 2i for 0 G i G .
2
    (i)  Write down the range of f. [1]

    (ii)  Write down a suitable restricted domain for f such that f -1 exists. [1]

  (b)  Functions g and h are such that

g (x) = 2 + 4 ln x for x 2 0 ,
h (x) = x 2 + 4 for x 2 0 .

    (i)  Find g -1 , stating its domain and its range. [4]

    (ii)  Solve gh (x) = 10 . [3]


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/22/M/J/15 12

10  (a)  The function f is defined by f: x 7 sin x for 0° G x G 360° . On the axes below, sketch the
graph of y = f (x) . [2]

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O 90° A 180°
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270° 360° e
x m
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m c a c
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cad i n in
A l v l v
i n A A
lv y y

A em e
(b)  The functions g and hg are defined, for x H 1, bym
d ad
ca
g ^xh = ln ^4x - 3h,
c
hg ^xh = x.

A ex + 3 A
in
    (i)  Show that h ^xh = . [2]
4

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A

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© UCLES 2015 0606/22/M/J/15
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/22/M/J/15 13

    (ii)

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i n A y = g(x)
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lv y
A em e m
y
O 1
d
x

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A l v l v
i n A A
lv y y
   
A em e m
The diagram shows the graph of y = g ^xh. Given that g and h are inverse functions, sketch, on the
same diagram, the graph of y = h ^xh. Give the coordinates of any point where your graph meets
d
the coordinate axes.
ad [2]

    ca
(iii)  State the domain of h.
A
c [1]
A n
i
lv
    A
(iv)  State the range of h. [1]

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14
© UCLES 2015 0606/22/M/J/15 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/13/M/J/15 10

8  It is given that f ^xh = 3e 2x for x H 0 ,


        g ^xh = ^x + 2h2 + 5     for x H 0 .

  (i)  Write down the range of f and of g. [2]

  (ii)  Find g -1 , stating its domain. [3]

  (iii)  Find the exact solution of gf ^xh = 41. [4]

© UCLES 2015 0606/13/M/J/15


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/13/M/J/15 11

8  (iv)  Evaluate f l^ln 4h. [2]

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A

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© UCLES 2015 0606/13/M/J/15 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/23/M/J/15 4

2  (a)
y

O 2 x

    The diagram shows the graph of y = f (x) passing through ^0, 4h and touching the x-axis at ^2, 0h.
Given that the graph of y = f (x) is a straight line, write down the two possible expressions for f (x) .
[2]

  (b)  On the axes below, sketch the graph of y = e -x + 3, stating the coordinates of any point of
intersection with the coordinate axes. [3]

O x

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© UCLES 2015 0606/23/M/J/15
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

14
0606/12/O/N/15

11  (a)  A function f is such that f ^xh = x 2 + 6x + 4 for x H 0 .

    (i)  Show that x 2 + 6x + 4 can be written in the form ^x + ah2 + b , where a and b are integers.
y [2]

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A lv
i n A y
l v y
A em e m
y d ad
m c a c
   
e
(ii)  Write down the range of f.

A A
[1]

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A l v l v
i n A A
lv y y
A em e m
d ad
ca A
c
A
(iii)  Find f - 1 and state its domain.

in
    [3]

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A

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© UCLES 2015 0606/12/O/N/15
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

15
0606/12/O/N/15

11 (b)  Functions g and h are such that, for x d R ,

g ^xh = e x and h ^xh = 5x + 2 .

Solve h 2 g ^xh = 37 . y
em
    [4]

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A l v l v
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A

Question 12 is printed on the next page.

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© UCLES 2015 0606/12/O/N/15 [Turn over
0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

8
0606/13/O/N/15

6  (i)   On the axes below, sketch the graph of y = x 2 - 4x - 12 showing the coordinates of the
pointswherethegraphmeetstheaxes. [3]

O x

  (ii)  Findthecoordinatesofthestationarypointonthecurve y = x 2 - 4x - 12 . [2]

  (iii)  Findthevaluesofksuchthattheequation x 2 - 4x - 12 = k hasonly2solutions. [2]


0606 Additional Mathematics Unit 02 Functions

0606/23/O/N/15 11

9  Given that f (x) = 3x 2 + 12x + 2 ,

  (i)  find values of a, b and c such that f (x) = a (x + b) 2 + c , [3]


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(ii)  state the minimum value of f(x) and the value of x at which it occurs, [2]

i n A A
lv y y
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1
d ad
(iii)  solve f c m = 0 , giving each answer for y correct to 2 decimal places.

ca
  [3]
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c
A A
i n
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A

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© UCLES 2015 0606/23/O/N/15 [Turn over