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This chapter will explain words that relate toeducation, hotel, sightseeing holiday,
phoning, computer. The students are expected to be able to:
1.1 Understand and comprehend some words that relate toeducation in the right context.
1.2 Understand and comprehend some words that relate tohotel in the right context
1.3 Understand and comprehend some words that relate tosightseeing holiday in the right
1.4 Understand and comprehend some words that relate to phoning in the right context.
1.5 Understand and comprehend some words that relate tocomputer in the right context.


Learning objective 1.1:


a) Subjects
You can do/study these subjects at university but not always at school.
- Medicine (to become a doctor)
- Engineering (to become an engineer)
- Economics ( to become an economist0
- Business studies (to become a businessman/woman and go into business)
- Law (to become a lawyer)
- Architecture(to become an architecht)
- Psychology (to become a psychologist)
b) Studying at university

Some students go to university because they enjoy studying, others just want a
qualification (something that you get when you are successful in exam). First, however, you
have to get good grades in your final school exams to get a place at many universities. You
can then study for/do a degree (do a course at university). If you complete the course
successfully, you get your degree (also the word for a university qualification) and receive a
certificate (a document that shows you have completed a course successfully). In the UK,
most degree courses last (continue for) three years, although some take longer, e.g. medicine
or law.
Teachers at university are usually called lecturers, and most of the teaching is done
through lectures (the lecturer talks and the students listen). The most senior lecturers have the
tittle Professor. Students doing arts subjects, e.g. English or history, will spend time working
in the library and writing essay (short pieces of writing on a particular subject). Students
doing science degrees, e.g. physics or chemistry, will probably spend a lot of their time
working in a laboratory (infml lab).
c) Postgraduate degrees

When students are doing their first degree, they are called undergraduates. When they
complete their degree, they are graduates. Some graduates go on to do (do something in the
future) a Master’s,e.g. in the UK an MA (Master of Arts) or MSc (Master of Science). These
are called postgraduate degrees. The longest one is a PhD (Doctor of Phylosophy) when
students do research (make adetailed study of one particular subject) for at least three years.

Learning Objective 1.2:

a) Hotel facilities and rooms
Hotel de Rounge

The hotel is located near the louvre, Notre Dome and top department stores in the heart
(centre) of Paris. Hotel facilities include: room service (staff will bring food and drinks to the
room), internet access (use of internet), air conditioning (a system that keep the air cool) and
parking. Our choice of single (a room for one person), double (a room for two people with
one big bed) or twin (a room for two people with two beds) rooms are all equipped with
satellite TV (TV with many channels from different countries), air conditioning, direct-dial
telephone, mini-bar (a small fridge), and personal safe (a box to keep money and valuable
items in). Bathroomcome with a bath or shower and hair dryer.

b) Staying in a hotel

Rooms are often available (you can find one) during the week, but many hotels are fully
booked (all the rooms are taken) at weekends or during the holidays, so you may need to
book a room in advance (arrange/plan to have a room; syn reserve). When you arrive, you
check in at a reception (say you have arrived and get your room key); at the end of your stay
(the period of time you spend in aplace), you check out (pay your bill and leave the hotel.
Learning Objective 1.3:
Sightseeing Holiday

a) Things to see:
- Mosque - Market
- Fountain - Castle
- Catherdal - Statue
- Temple - etc
b) Tourist activities
1. we went sightseeing (visit famous places; also se the sights) almost every day.
2. I didn’t do a lot of sightseeing.
3. we had a look around (with a place casually, often on foot) the shops.
4. we explored(go round a new place to see what is there) the flower market.
5. On holiday we went out (leave home /your hotel to go to asocial event) every day.
c) Describing places

The word place can be described a building , an area, atown, or country, e.g. Bruges is a
lovely place (town) and we found a really nice place (hotel) to stay.

- The guidebooks (books with information about plces ) says the Alhambra in Granada
is magnificient (very good or very beautiful), but it’s always packed (very crowded)
with tourists in the summer.
- Sao Paulo is a lively place (full of life and activity), and there’s plenty (a lot) to do in
the evening.
- St Petersburg has lots of historic monumets (important places built along time ago)
but the Hermitage Museum was the main attraction for me (something that makes
people come to a place or want to do a particular things).
- If you go to Poland, It’s definitely worth visiting Krakow.

Note: we use worth + noun/-ing to say that it is a good idea to do something or go


Learning Objective 1.4:


a) Starting a phone conversation

The call on the left is between two friends: Joe and Rosie. When British people answer
the phone at home, they usually just say ‘hello’.
Joe: Hello?
Rosie: Is that Joe?
Joe: Yeah.
Rosie: Hi. It’s Rosie.
Note: There are common mistakes that usually happens.We can say: Is that joe? (NOT are
you Joe? Or is it Joe?), and we say: It’s Rosie. (NOT Iam Rosie or here is Rosie).

b) Problems on the phone

- I tried to ring (phone you) you this morning but I think you were on the phone (using
the phone) to your mother.
- I gave her a ring (phoned her) this morning, but I couldn’t get through (make
contact/speak to her); the line was engaged (being used, someone was on the phone).
- I think I dialled (made a phone call to a particular number ) the wrong number this
morning- I got a very angry person on the phone!
- I left message (e.g. please ring me) on Dan’s answerphone as he was out (not
there;syn not in), but he never phoned me back (returned my phone call), so I don’t
know if he got my message.

Learning Objective 1.5:


a) The computer
- Microphone - Mouse mat
- Screen - Mouse
- Webcam - Memory stick
- Escape key - CD-ROM
- Spacebar - Printer
- Keyboard
- etc
b) Using a computer

After you have switched on (turned on) your computer, you may need to log in/on
(opp log out/off) with your username and enter your pasword (put a special word into the
computer that only you know). If you then double-click on an icon (a small picture on the
screen), you can open an application (email,internet browser,etc).

Computers can store (keep) large amounts of information, but when you’re working it
is important to back up the files you are working on (make an extra copy of the files; syn:
make a backup), so you don’t lose the files if something goes wrong.To create (make or
start) a new document, select NEW from the File menu. You can copy and paste
information from one file into another.If you save the document, you can print it out later
(OR you can get a hard copy/printout later). It is also important to save the document in
case the computer crashes (suddenly stops working). Press the escape key to exit (stop
using an application).


1.1 Give the definition of following words or phrases . (Education)

1. Laboratory 6. Essay
2. Certificate 7. Do research
3. Postgraduate degree 8. Qualification
4. Undergraduate 9. Go on to do
5. Degree 10. lectures
1.2. Match the words on the left with the words on the right. (Hotel)
1. satellite a. course
2. air b. access
3. internet c. included
4. main d. TV
5. three-course e. service
6. double f. conditioning
7. service g. meal
8. room h. Room
1.3. Give the example sentence of these words or phrases. (sightseeing holiday)
1. souvenirs 6. go sighseeing
2. have a look round 7. explore
3. have a terrible time 8. get lost
4. go out 9. do a lot of sightseeing
5. historic monuments 10. Guidebooks

1.4.Give the explanation about these words and phrases in the sentences below.
1. Have you just made the wrong number?
2. I will give you a ring as soon as possible.
3. I think Mira is busy now. She is on the phone.
4. You should dialhim first before you go to college.
5. “ Ok, Mam. I’m putting you through”

1.6 Give the explanation of the following words or phrases. (computer)

1. PC
2. Hard drive
3. Operating System
4. Anti-virus software
5. Installed

Redman, Stuart, 2011. English Vocabulary in Use. Cambridge, University Press:
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