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Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application
Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates
e-mail (as per of use e-mail (as per of use
label) label)
Copper Compounds Flowable Gesatop 500 SC 48659 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Yates Bluestone Copper 45027 250 g/kg copper as 1 kg Solid Not given For the control of algae 4 g per 1000 L water algae in dams, tanks and
Sulphate copper sulphate (green slime) in dams Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Australasia Pty Ltd
Aurthur Yates & Co Pty Ltd http://cp.au.novartis.com
http://www.yates.com.au
Sipcam Pacific Amizina 50166 900 g/kg Simazine 1, 5 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water
Table 1: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae in Australia

Coptrol Aquatic Algicide 31030 107 g/L copper present as 20 L Liquid Aquatic For the control of most 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L 900WDG Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
mixed copper chelates algicide types of blue-green algae, copper for free algae in dams, tanks and
Ruth Consolidated Industries in irrigation canals, farm floating algae Sipcam Pacific Australia troughs, in WA only
Pty Ltd dams, industrial ponds, 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Pty Ltd
Info@rci.com.au ornamental ponds, for filamentous algae
raceways, rice paddies & 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Novartis Simazine Flowable 50021 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
potable water supplies for Chara and 500 SC Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Phormidium algae algae in dams, tanks and
Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Cupricide Algicide 52384 105 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Australasia Pty Ltd
copper-ethanolamine 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae Acres Simazine Flowable 52617 500 g/L Simazine 20L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green

Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for algae in dams, tanks and
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Selchem Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella
systems, ditches, canals & Crop Care Simazine Flowable 52582 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
laterals Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
algae in dams, tanks and
Crop Care Australasia troughs, in WA only
Cupricide 110 Algicide 52542 110 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Pty Ltd
mixed copper- 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for http://www.cropcare.
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd ethanolamine complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae com.au
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for Dalgety Simazine DF 52613 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g/1000 L water
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella algae in dams, tanks and
systems, ditches, canals & Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
laterals http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
ers.com.au
Other Compounds
Dalgety Simazine Flowable 52614 500 g/L Simazine 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
YM-FAB Nylate Halogen 47352 920 g/kg Bromo chloro Not Solid Halogen For control of algae in For initial treatment: Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Based Broad Spectrum dimethyl hydantoin given based irrigation lines 1.75–2.63 g per 100 algae in dams, tanks and
Biocide broad L water Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
spectrum For monthly http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
Post Harvest Chemicals – biocide maintenance: ers.com.au
Division of Wobelea 0.875–1.75 g per 100
Pty Ltd L water Simagranz Herbicide 49965 900 g/kg Simazine and 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2.2 g/1000 L water
related triazines Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Simazine Compounds (registered for use as algicides in Western Australia only) Crop Care Australasia algae in dams, tanks and
Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location

Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only


Nufarm Flowable Simazine 31855 500 g/L Simazine 20, 200 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L http://www.cropcare.com.au
Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and Simazine 500 Flowable 51634 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
http://www.austarab.com.au/ algae in dams, tanks and
nufarm/nufarm_ Dow Agrosciences troughs, in WA only
operations.html Australia Ltd
USING ALGICIDES FOR
Copper compounds registered by a specific user (not available for general sale)
Nufarm Simazine 900 DF 31856 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15, Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 1000 L water
Herbicide 50x10 kg Herbicide filamentous blue-green SA Water Copper Sulphate 51854 250 g/kg copper present as 25, 500, Solid Algicide For the control of blue 1–2 mg/L
algae in dams, tanks and copper sulphate 1000 kg green algae
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only SA Water Corporation pentahydrate (cyanobacteria) in water
http://www.austarab.com.au
/nufarm/nufarm_
operations.html
supply reservoirs
THE CONTROL OF
Melbourne Water Cupricide 52606 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 500 40546 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L Melbourne Water supply reservoirs CRC for Water Quality
Flowable Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water Corporation
algae in dams, tanks and and Treatment ALGAE IN AUSTRALIA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only SWWA Copper Sulphate 54168 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 900 WDG 46811 900 g/kg Simazine Not Solid, Herbicide For the control of 2 g per 100 L water South West Water Authority supply reservoirs
Herbicide given granules filamentous blue-green Registered Products for Use Against
algae in dams, tanks and South Gippsland Water 53633 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only Copper Sulphate copper sulphate rcial green algae Algae and Cyanobacteria in Dams,
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
South Gippsland Water supply reservoirs Potable Water and Irrigation Water
Davison Simazine 900 WDG 47284 900 g/kg Simazine 10 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water Authority
Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green Supply Systems, in Australia.
algae in dams, tanks and
Joyce Rural Pty Ltd (Davison troughs, in WA only
Industries) The list of registered chemicals was obtained from the National Registration Authority (NRA) and was complete at the time of this document’s
http://www.joyce.com.au publication. However, there are regular updates on a product’s registration status and also the inclusion of newly registered products. Please refer
to the NRA website database (PUBCRIS) for these updates. The pack sizes given in Tables 1 and 2 were taken directly from the relevant label,
however for some chemicals there are other pack sizes available. Please refer to the manufacturer if you require further information on pack sizes.

Flowable Herbicide Simamax 48573 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Flowable Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and
Artfern Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only CRC for Water Quality
Established and supported under the Australian Government’s
and Treatment
Cooperative Research Centres Program.
3805_ALGICIDE_BRO (Converted)-1 7/2/03 9:55 AM Page 2
C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

DISCLAIMER of simazine-based herbicides, which are registered relevant local authority (eg. Environmental Protection Agency, Follow-up monitoring of toxins/odours after algicide treatment use of the chemical, after
The Cooperative for use in Western Australia only, and four specific Tips for Algicide Application Chemical Standards Branch or similar, in State Agriculture or may be necessary to determine when the water is acceptable sale, complies with relevant
Research Centre for
registrations of copper sulphate by prescribed Manufacturers provide advice on the use and application Primary Industries for use. Monitoring of copper residuals may also be appropriate. state legislation. In the case
Water Quality and
Treatment individual users. of their products and it is essential to comply with label Depar tments) as to of chemicals added to
conditions and recommendations.The following are tips to
(CRCWQT) gives no optimise the use of algicides to treat cyanobacteria. whether they would Registration of Agricultural Chemicals in water bodies, the
warranty and makes no These tables provide summary information only. impose any restrictions or legislation is normally in
representation that the
Australia
Further details can be obtained from the Cyanobacteria tend to accumulate near the surface because conditions upon the use the form of a Clean Waters
information contained of their buoyancy, and under calm conditions the highest All agricultural chemical products must be registered before
in this document is appropriate label for each product, from relevant concentration of cells will usually be found there. In extreme of an algicide in the they can be supplied, distributed or sold anywhere in Australia, or Environment Protection
suitable for any purpose Material Safety Data Sheets, and also from the situations, this leads to the formation of green surface particular case. It is Act (Jones and Burch, 1997).
scums. The cyanobacteria will also tend to accumulate in under the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act
or is free from error. web sites of manufacturers listed. It cannot be important to note that in some states there are prescribed
the surface mixed layer if strong thermal stratification is 1994 (AGVET).The body responsible for registering agricultural
The CRCWQT and its emphasised too strongly that the chemicals are present. It is possible to take advantage of these buoyancy notification requirements to health and environment agencies
officers, employees and (and veterinary) chemical products is the National Registration References and Further Reading
to be used only in accordance with the respective characteristics and accumulation in the surface layer to in all cases where algicides are used in public water supply.
agents accept no achieve optimum dosing and minimise chemical use. Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (NRA). Hrudey, S., Burch, M., Drikas, M. and Gregory R. ,1999. Remedial
responsibility for any manufacturer's label conditions. It is recommended The NRA must also approve the active constituents of a Measures. Ch 9, pp 275-312 in I. Chorus and J. Bartram (Eds).
person acting or relying that users read all directions, including any The following tips are based on experience in the treatment Application and Follow-up Monitoring Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water. A guide to their public health
of cyanobacteria in particular, and are intended to help product and the label for a product's container (NRA, 1996).
upon the information precautionary statements, safety directions and determine appropriate dose rates and increase efficiency The product label gives clear advice on the application of the Algicides come under the consequences, monitoring and management. E&FN Spon,
contained in this
first aid instructions before use. of application. chemical. If further advice is required, it should be sought from definition of an 'agricultural London.
document, and disclaim
all liability for any loss, • Determine whether the reservoir is stratified and the manufacturer. chemical' in the Agricultural and
damage, cost or The registered algicides basically fall into three assess how strong the separation of the surface Veterinary Chemicals Code Jones, G. and Burch, M., 1997. Algicide and Algistat Use in
expense incurred by groups of compounds – copper compounds, layer is – this needs to be done as close as possible prior When algicides are used to treat toxic or odorous algal blooms, Australia. Occasional Paper, ARMCANZ Sub-Committee on
to the time of treatment. 1994. This means that algicide
reason of any person simazine compounds and other compounds. the algal cells lyse releasing the toxin/odour into the water products must be registered by Water Resources, Canberra.
using or relying on the
information contained • If the reservoir is strongly stratified (diagram body. It is therefore important to consider the intended use the NRA (or be subject to a
Eight copper compounds were registered at the right), calculate the total amount of algicide
in this document or by required, based on the dose rate needed to treat of the water directly after treatment.This would be particularly permit) before being sold, Jones, G. and Orr, P., 1994. Release and degradation of microcystin
reason of any error, Introduction time of preparation of the list (January 2002). the volume of the surface layer – this is where most relevant if the water were to be used, for example, for human following algicide treatment of a Microcystis aeruginosa bloom
supplied or used in Australia.
omission, defect, or mis- Using algicides to control algae or cyanobacteria Four of these compounds are generally available of the cyanobacteria will be if the stratification is strong. consumption, stock watering or irrigation (including agriculture). in a recreational lake, as determined by HPLC and protein
statement contained is a long-standing practice for the control of (Table 1) and four are a type of specific individual • Start the application early in the morning – In Australia, there is a two-stage phosphatase inhibition assay. Water Research. 28(4), 871-876.
therein.
problems caused by these organisms.When used registration (Table 2). In the latter case, four cyanobacteria tend to be most buoyant at this time and Toxins and odours degrade over time. Although there is little process for the registration and
appropriately they can provide immediate short- agencies have gained exclusive registration for are likely to be near the surface if conditions are calm.
information on the withholding period, it could exceed 14 use of an agricultural chemical. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary
Registered Products for term and cost-effective control. their own prescribed use. In these cases the • If possible, apply the treatment under calm days for toxin breakdown in lakes (Jones and Orr, 1994). Chemicals, 1996. The Requirements Manual for Agricultural
The first stage requires NRA
Use Against Algae and conditions – under windy and well-mixed conditions, the
registrants buy raw commodity copper sulphate registration of the chemical product or formulation for sale. Chemicals. NRA, Canberra.
Cyanobacteria in Dams, cells or colonies will be mixed deeper throughout the
This document is intended to provide a summary which is not otherwise supplied as an algicide
Potable Water and water column and are likely to be exposed to a lower The product label is the legal registration document allowing
of the algicides or chemical products that may and apply it under the conditions of their labels copper concentration than if they are right at the surface Thermal Stratification –
Irrigation Water Supply
The formation of a surface mixed sale for the purpose listed on the label (Jones and Burch, NRA Website . www.affa.gov.au/nra/welcome .html
Systems, in Australia. be used in Australia for the control of algae in for their water storages. where the algicide is applied.
layer in a reservoir. 1997). Data required for registration includes information on
specified areas of either potable water, dams (farm • Treat the scum - if scums can be identified, treatment
Prepared by Jenny the chemistry and manufacture, toxicology, metabolism and
dams), tanks or irrigation supplies. There is also The only other nationally registered compound should be concentrated in these areas.
House, Michael Burch toxicokinetics, residues and overseas trade, occupational health
a description of the process of registration of is a halogen-based biocide registered for use for
CRC for Water Quality It may be necessary to refine these procedures by trial and Temperature (˚C) and safety, environmental studies, efficacy and safety and other
and Treatment these chemicals and the conditions associated the control of algae in irrigation lines error for individual situations. special data requirements.
with their use as algicides. (see Table 1).
January 2002
Registration ensures that agricultural and veterinary chemical
It is important to be aware of the responsibilities The categories/situations for use require some provided the use is in accordance with the label, and an impact
Depth products meet prescribed
associated with use of algicides as with any other clarification. In particular, the category 'dam' on "off-site" is unlikely. Notwithstanding this, before using an standards before they are
chemicals under any local regulations, particularly the labels of chemicals listed here is intended to algicide it is important to carefully assess the circumstances sold and distributed in
in relation to occupational health and safety, water mean 'farm dams' as opposed to large water of its intended use. For example, if the chemical is to be added Australia. The assessment
quality and environmental protection. storages dedicated for public drinking water to an on-stream water storage, where the treated water may Thermal stratification is the formation of discrete layers of different criteria include the
supplies (NRA advice). be discharged via a density as a result of surface heating, and it can have a big impact effectiveness of the product,
Types of Algicides downstream release, it on the dispersal of a chemical at the surface of a reservoir.
A temperature difference of >3-4˚C over a depth of 2-3 metres
safety for target animals and
The chemicals currently registered for use against Environmental Considerations and would be essential to seek plants, safety for operators and other exposed persons, safety
indicates a strong separation of the water column into layers.
different types of algae are listed in two tables Approvals further advice before A gradient of only 1-2˚C suggests quite weak stratification. With for consumers and users (food residues), safety for the
(1&2). Table 1 contains all of the chemicals that Many algicides are based on copper, which is a treatment. In general this strong stratification, a temperature gradient will persist overnight (and environment, quality and suitability of the active constituents,
are currently registered Australia-wide, and would also be specified on possibly over several days or longer), indicating resistance to normal
toxic heavy metal in the aquatic environment. It labelling, packaging and disposal (NRA, 1996).
includes a range of copper compounds and one the label. In the case where night-time cooling and mixing.
can affect non-target species (bacteria, fish, Where strong and persistent stratification is present, the algicide
other halogen-based biocide. Table 2 contains zooplankton, other macroinvertebrates). In many a dedicated storage does not have releases, it may however applied at the surface will tend to disperse only in the surface layer. The second stage of registration relates to the use of the
products that have a restricted registration, cases it may not be necessary to seek clearance have other beneficial environmental uses, eg. fish and other In this case, if the algae are also mostly restricted to this layer, it is registered chemical. Individual state agencies, usually the
either by geographic location for application, or from state agencies to use a registered chemical, aquatic life, that may need to be protected. possible to calculate the dose rate based on the volume of this
Agriculture agency and/or relevant Environment Protection
by specific user. These chemicals include a group In these circumstances it is advisable to seek advice from the layer only.
Authority, have the responsibility to determine whether the
3805_ALGICIDE_BRO (Converted)-1 7/2/03 9:55 AM Page 2
C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

DISCLAIMER of simazine-based herbicides, which are registered relevant local authority (eg. Environmental Protection Agency, Follow-up monitoring of toxins/odours after algicide treatment use of the chemical, after
The Cooperative for use in Western Australia only, and four specific Tips for Algicide Application Chemical Standards Branch or similar, in State Agriculture or may be necessary to determine when the water is acceptable sale, complies with relevant
Research Centre for
registrations of copper sulphate by prescribed Manufacturers provide advice on the use and application Primary Industries for use. Monitoring of copper residuals may also be appropriate. state legislation. In the case
Water Quality and
Treatment individual users. of their products and it is essential to comply with label Depar tments) as to of chemicals added to
conditions and recommendations.The following are tips to
(CRCWQT) gives no optimise the use of algicides to treat cyanobacteria. whether they would Registration of Agricultural Chemicals in water bodies, the
warranty and makes no These tables provide summary information only. impose any restrictions or legislation is normally in
representation that the
Australia
Further details can be obtained from the Cyanobacteria tend to accumulate near the surface because conditions upon the use the form of a Clean Waters
information contained of their buoyancy, and under calm conditions the highest All agricultural chemical products must be registered before
in this document is appropriate label for each product, from relevant concentration of cells will usually be found there. In extreme of an algicide in the they can be supplied, distributed or sold anywhere in Australia, or Environment Protection
suitable for any purpose Material Safety Data Sheets, and also from the situations, this leads to the formation of green surface particular case. It is Act (Jones and Burch, 1997).
scums. The cyanobacteria will also tend to accumulate in under the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act
or is free from error. web sites of manufacturers listed. It cannot be important to note that in some states there are prescribed
the surface mixed layer if strong thermal stratification is 1994 (AGVET).The body responsible for registering agricultural
The CRCWQT and its emphasised too strongly that the chemicals are present. It is possible to take advantage of these buoyancy notification requirements to health and environment agencies
officers, employees and (and veterinary) chemical products is the National Registration References and Further Reading
to be used only in accordance with the respective characteristics and accumulation in the surface layer to in all cases where algicides are used in public water supply.
agents accept no achieve optimum dosing and minimise chemical use. Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (NRA). Hrudey, S., Burch, M., Drikas, M. and Gregory R. ,1999. Remedial
responsibility for any manufacturer's label conditions. It is recommended The NRA must also approve the active constituents of a Measures. Ch 9, pp 275-312 in I. Chorus and J. Bartram (Eds).
person acting or relying that users read all directions, including any The following tips are based on experience in the treatment Application and Follow-up Monitoring Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water. A guide to their public health
of cyanobacteria in particular, and are intended to help product and the label for a product's container (NRA, 1996).
upon the information precautionary statements, safety directions and determine appropriate dose rates and increase efficiency The product label gives clear advice on the application of the Algicides come under the consequences, monitoring and management. E&FN Spon,
contained in this
first aid instructions before use. of application. chemical. If further advice is required, it should be sought from definition of an 'agricultural London.
document, and disclaim
all liability for any loss, • Determine whether the reservoir is stratified and the manufacturer. chemical' in the Agricultural and
damage, cost or The registered algicides basically fall into three assess how strong the separation of the surface Veterinary Chemicals Code Jones, G. and Burch, M., 1997. Algicide and Algistat Use in
expense incurred by groups of compounds – copper compounds, layer is – this needs to be done as close as possible prior When algicides are used to treat toxic or odorous algal blooms, Australia. Occasional Paper, ARMCANZ Sub-Committee on
to the time of treatment. 1994. This means that algicide
reason of any person simazine compounds and other compounds. the algal cells lyse releasing the toxin/odour into the water products must be registered by Water Resources, Canberra.
using or relying on the
information contained • If the reservoir is strongly stratified (diagram body. It is therefore important to consider the intended use the NRA (or be subject to a
Eight copper compounds were registered at the right), calculate the total amount of algicide
in this document or by required, based on the dose rate needed to treat of the water directly after treatment.This would be particularly permit) before being sold, Jones, G. and Orr, P., 1994. Release and degradation of microcystin
reason of any error, Introduction time of preparation of the list (January 2002). the volume of the surface layer – this is where most relevant if the water were to be used, for example, for human following algicide treatment of a Microcystis aeruginosa bloom
supplied or used in Australia.
omission, defect, or mis- Using algicides to control algae or cyanobacteria Four of these compounds are generally available of the cyanobacteria will be if the stratification is strong. consumption, stock watering or irrigation (including agriculture). in a recreational lake, as determined by HPLC and protein
statement contained is a long-standing practice for the control of (Table 1) and four are a type of specific individual • Start the application early in the morning – In Australia, there is a two-stage phosphatase inhibition assay. Water Research. 28(4), 871-876.
therein.
problems caused by these organisms.When used registration (Table 2). In the latter case, four cyanobacteria tend to be most buoyant at this time and Toxins and odours degrade over time. Although there is little process for the registration and
appropriately they can provide immediate short- agencies have gained exclusive registration for are likely to be near the surface if conditions are calm.
information on the withholding period, it could exceed 14 use of an agricultural chemical. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary
Registered Products for term and cost-effective control. their own prescribed use. In these cases the • If possible, apply the treatment under calm days for toxin breakdown in lakes (Jones and Orr, 1994). Chemicals, 1996. The Requirements Manual for Agricultural
The first stage requires NRA
Use Against Algae and conditions – under windy and well-mixed conditions, the
registrants buy raw commodity copper sulphate registration of the chemical product or formulation for sale. Chemicals. NRA, Canberra.
Cyanobacteria in Dams, cells or colonies will be mixed deeper throughout the
This document is intended to provide a summary which is not otherwise supplied as an algicide
Potable Water and water column and are likely to be exposed to a lower The product label is the legal registration document allowing
of the algicides or chemical products that may and apply it under the conditions of their labels copper concentration than if they are right at the surface Thermal Stratification –
Irrigation Water Supply
The formation of a surface mixed sale for the purpose listed on the label (Jones and Burch, NRA Website . www.affa.gov.au/nra/welcome .html
Systems, in Australia. be used in Australia for the control of algae in for their water storages. where the algicide is applied.
layer in a reservoir. 1997). Data required for registration includes information on
specified areas of either potable water, dams (farm • Treat the scum - if scums can be identified, treatment
Prepared by Jenny the chemistry and manufacture, toxicology, metabolism and
dams), tanks or irrigation supplies. There is also The only other nationally registered compound should be concentrated in these areas.
House, Michael Burch toxicokinetics, residues and overseas trade, occupational health
a description of the process of registration of is a halogen-based biocide registered for use for
CRC for Water Quality It may be necessary to refine these procedures by trial and Temperature (˚C) and safety, environmental studies, efficacy and safety and other
and Treatment these chemicals and the conditions associated the control of algae in irrigation lines error for individual situations. special data requirements.
with their use as algicides. (see Table 1).
January 2002
Registration ensures that agricultural and veterinary chemical
It is important to be aware of the responsibilities The categories/situations for use require some provided the use is in accordance with the label, and an impact
Depth products meet prescribed
associated with use of algicides as with any other clarification. In particular, the category 'dam' on "off-site" is unlikely. Notwithstanding this, before using an standards before they are
chemicals under any local regulations, particularly the labels of chemicals listed here is intended to algicide it is important to carefully assess the circumstances sold and distributed in
in relation to occupational health and safety, water mean 'farm dams' as opposed to large water of its intended use. For example, if the chemical is to be added Australia. The assessment
quality and environmental protection. storages dedicated for public drinking water to an on-stream water storage, where the treated water may Thermal stratification is the formation of discrete layers of different criteria include the
supplies (NRA advice). be discharged via a density as a result of surface heating, and it can have a big impact effectiveness of the product,
Types of Algicides downstream release, it on the dispersal of a chemical at the surface of a reservoir.
A temperature difference of >3-4˚C over a depth of 2-3 metres
safety for target animals and
The chemicals currently registered for use against Environmental Considerations and would be essential to seek plants, safety for operators and other exposed persons, safety
indicates a strong separation of the water column into layers.
different types of algae are listed in two tables Approvals further advice before A gradient of only 1-2˚C suggests quite weak stratification. With for consumers and users (food residues), safety for the
(1&2). Table 1 contains all of the chemicals that Many algicides are based on copper, which is a treatment. In general this strong stratification, a temperature gradient will persist overnight (and environment, quality and suitability of the active constituents,
are currently registered Australia-wide, and would also be specified on possibly over several days or longer), indicating resistance to normal
toxic heavy metal in the aquatic environment. It labelling, packaging and disposal (NRA, 1996).
includes a range of copper compounds and one the label. In the case where night-time cooling and mixing.
can affect non-target species (bacteria, fish, Where strong and persistent stratification is present, the algicide
other halogen-based biocide. Table 2 contains zooplankton, other macroinvertebrates). In many a dedicated storage does not have releases, it may however applied at the surface will tend to disperse only in the surface layer. The second stage of registration relates to the use of the
products that have a restricted registration, cases it may not be necessary to seek clearance have other beneficial environmental uses, eg. fish and other In this case, if the algae are also mostly restricted to this layer, it is registered chemical. Individual state agencies, usually the
either by geographic location for application, or from state agencies to use a registered chemical, aquatic life, that may need to be protected. possible to calculate the dose rate based on the volume of this
Agriculture agency and/or relevant Environment Protection
by specific user. These chemicals include a group In these circumstances it is advisable to seek advice from the layer only.
Authority, have the responsibility to determine whether the
3805_ALGICIDE_BRO (Converted)-1 7/2/03 9:55 AM Page 2
C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

DISCLAIMER of simazine-based herbicides, which are registered relevant local authority (eg. Environmental Protection Agency, Follow-up monitoring of toxins/odours after algicide treatment use of the chemical, after
The Cooperative for use in Western Australia only, and four specific Tips for Algicide Application Chemical Standards Branch or similar, in State Agriculture or may be necessary to determine when the water is acceptable sale, complies with relevant
Research Centre for
registrations of copper sulphate by prescribed Manufacturers provide advice on the use and application Primary Industries for use. Monitoring of copper residuals may also be appropriate. state legislation. In the case
Water Quality and
Treatment individual users. of their products and it is essential to comply with label Depar tments) as to of chemicals added to
conditions and recommendations.The following are tips to
(CRCWQT) gives no optimise the use of algicides to treat cyanobacteria. whether they would Registration of Agricultural Chemicals in water bodies, the
warranty and makes no These tables provide summary information only. impose any restrictions or legislation is normally in
representation that the
Australia
Further details can be obtained from the Cyanobacteria tend to accumulate near the surface because conditions upon the use the form of a Clean Waters
information contained of their buoyancy, and under calm conditions the highest All agricultural chemical products must be registered before
in this document is appropriate label for each product, from relevant concentration of cells will usually be found there. In extreme of an algicide in the they can be supplied, distributed or sold anywhere in Australia, or Environment Protection
suitable for any purpose Material Safety Data Sheets, and also from the situations, this leads to the formation of green surface particular case. It is Act (Jones and Burch, 1997).
scums. The cyanobacteria will also tend to accumulate in under the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act
or is free from error. web sites of manufacturers listed. It cannot be important to note that in some states there are prescribed
the surface mixed layer if strong thermal stratification is 1994 (AGVET).The body responsible for registering agricultural
The CRCWQT and its emphasised too strongly that the chemicals are present. It is possible to take advantage of these buoyancy notification requirements to health and environment agencies
officers, employees and (and veterinary) chemical products is the National Registration References and Further Reading
to be used only in accordance with the respective characteristics and accumulation in the surface layer to in all cases where algicides are used in public water supply.
agents accept no achieve optimum dosing and minimise chemical use. Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (NRA). Hrudey, S., Burch, M., Drikas, M. and Gregory R. ,1999. Remedial
responsibility for any manufacturer's label conditions. It is recommended The NRA must also approve the active constituents of a Measures. Ch 9, pp 275-312 in I. Chorus and J. Bartram (Eds).
person acting or relying that users read all directions, including any The following tips are based on experience in the treatment Application and Follow-up Monitoring Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water. A guide to their public health
of cyanobacteria in particular, and are intended to help product and the label for a product's container (NRA, 1996).
upon the information precautionary statements, safety directions and determine appropriate dose rates and increase efficiency The product label gives clear advice on the application of the Algicides come under the consequences, monitoring and management. E&FN Spon,
contained in this
first aid instructions before use. of application. chemical. If further advice is required, it should be sought from definition of an 'agricultural London.
document, and disclaim
all liability for any loss, • Determine whether the reservoir is stratified and the manufacturer. chemical' in the Agricultural and
damage, cost or The registered algicides basically fall into three assess how strong the separation of the surface Veterinary Chemicals Code Jones, G. and Burch, M., 1997. Algicide and Algistat Use in
expense incurred by groups of compounds – copper compounds, layer is – this needs to be done as close as possible prior When algicides are used to treat toxic or odorous algal blooms, Australia. Occasional Paper, ARMCANZ Sub-Committee on
to the time of treatment. 1994. This means that algicide
reason of any person simazine compounds and other compounds. the algal cells lyse releasing the toxin/odour into the water products must be registered by Water Resources, Canberra.
using or relying on the
information contained • If the reservoir is strongly stratified (diagram body. It is therefore important to consider the intended use the NRA (or be subject to a
Eight copper compounds were registered at the right), calculate the total amount of algicide
in this document or by required, based on the dose rate needed to treat of the water directly after treatment.This would be particularly permit) before being sold, Jones, G. and Orr, P., 1994. Release and degradation of microcystin
reason of any error, Introduction time of preparation of the list (January 2002). the volume of the surface layer – this is where most relevant if the water were to be used, for example, for human following algicide treatment of a Microcystis aeruginosa bloom
supplied or used in Australia.
omission, defect, or mis- Using algicides to control algae or cyanobacteria Four of these compounds are generally available of the cyanobacteria will be if the stratification is strong. consumption, stock watering or irrigation (including agriculture). in a recreational lake, as determined by HPLC and protein
statement contained is a long-standing practice for the control of (Table 1) and four are a type of specific individual • Start the application early in the morning – In Australia, there is a two-stage phosphatase inhibition assay. Water Research. 28(4), 871-876.
therein.
problems caused by these organisms.When used registration (Table 2). In the latter case, four cyanobacteria tend to be most buoyant at this time and Toxins and odours degrade over time. Although there is little process for the registration and
appropriately they can provide immediate short- agencies have gained exclusive registration for are likely to be near the surface if conditions are calm.
information on the withholding period, it could exceed 14 use of an agricultural chemical. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary
Registered Products for term and cost-effective control. their own prescribed use. In these cases the • If possible, apply the treatment under calm days for toxin breakdown in lakes (Jones and Orr, 1994). Chemicals, 1996. The Requirements Manual for Agricultural
The first stage requires NRA
Use Against Algae and conditions – under windy and well-mixed conditions, the
registrants buy raw commodity copper sulphate registration of the chemical product or formulation for sale. Chemicals. NRA, Canberra.
Cyanobacteria in Dams, cells or colonies will be mixed deeper throughout the
This document is intended to provide a summary which is not otherwise supplied as an algicide
Potable Water and water column and are likely to be exposed to a lower The product label is the legal registration document allowing
of the algicides or chemical products that may and apply it under the conditions of their labels copper concentration than if they are right at the surface Thermal Stratification –
Irrigation Water Supply
The formation of a surface mixed sale for the purpose listed on the label (Jones and Burch, NRA Website . www.affa.gov.au/nra/welcome .html
Systems, in Australia. be used in Australia for the control of algae in for their water storages. where the algicide is applied.
layer in a reservoir. 1997). Data required for registration includes information on
specified areas of either potable water, dams (farm • Treat the scum - if scums can be identified, treatment
Prepared by Jenny the chemistry and manufacture, toxicology, metabolism and
dams), tanks or irrigation supplies. There is also The only other nationally registered compound should be concentrated in these areas.
House, Michael Burch toxicokinetics, residues and overseas trade, occupational health
a description of the process of registration of is a halogen-based biocide registered for use for
CRC for Water Quality It may be necessary to refine these procedures by trial and Temperature (˚C) and safety, environmental studies, efficacy and safety and other
and Treatment these chemicals and the conditions associated the control of algae in irrigation lines error for individual situations. special data requirements.
with their use as algicides. (see Table 1).
January 2002
Registration ensures that agricultural and veterinary chemical
It is important to be aware of the responsibilities The categories/situations for use require some provided the use is in accordance with the label, and an impact
Depth products meet prescribed
associated with use of algicides as with any other clarification. In particular, the category 'dam' on "off-site" is unlikely. Notwithstanding this, before using an standards before they are
chemicals under any local regulations, particularly the labels of chemicals listed here is intended to algicide it is important to carefully assess the circumstances sold and distributed in
in relation to occupational health and safety, water mean 'farm dams' as opposed to large water of its intended use. For example, if the chemical is to be added Australia. The assessment
quality and environmental protection. storages dedicated for public drinking water to an on-stream water storage, where the treated water may Thermal stratification is the formation of discrete layers of different criteria include the
supplies (NRA advice). be discharged via a density as a result of surface heating, and it can have a big impact effectiveness of the product,
Types of Algicides downstream release, it on the dispersal of a chemical at the surface of a reservoir.
A temperature difference of >3-4˚C over a depth of 2-3 metres
safety for target animals and
The chemicals currently registered for use against Environmental Considerations and would be essential to seek plants, safety for operators and other exposed persons, safety
indicates a strong separation of the water column into layers.
different types of algae are listed in two tables Approvals further advice before A gradient of only 1-2˚C suggests quite weak stratification. With for consumers and users (food residues), safety for the
(1&2). Table 1 contains all of the chemicals that Many algicides are based on copper, which is a treatment. In general this strong stratification, a temperature gradient will persist overnight (and environment, quality and suitability of the active constituents,
are currently registered Australia-wide, and would also be specified on possibly over several days or longer), indicating resistance to normal
toxic heavy metal in the aquatic environment. It labelling, packaging and disposal (NRA, 1996).
includes a range of copper compounds and one the label. In the case where night-time cooling and mixing.
can affect non-target species (bacteria, fish, Where strong and persistent stratification is present, the algicide
other halogen-based biocide. Table 2 contains zooplankton, other macroinvertebrates). In many a dedicated storage does not have releases, it may however applied at the surface will tend to disperse only in the surface layer. The second stage of registration relates to the use of the
products that have a restricted registration, cases it may not be necessary to seek clearance have other beneficial environmental uses, eg. fish and other In this case, if the algae are also mostly restricted to this layer, it is registered chemical. Individual state agencies, usually the
either by geographic location for application, or from state agencies to use a registered chemical, aquatic life, that may need to be protected. possible to calculate the dose rate based on the volume of this
Agriculture agency and/or relevant Environment Protection
by specific user. These chemicals include a group In these circumstances it is advisable to seek advice from the layer only.
Authority, have the responsibility to determine whether the
3805_ALGICIDE_BRO (Converted)-1 7/2/03 9:55 AM Page 1
C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application
Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates
e-mail (as per of use e-mail (as per of use
label) label)
Copper Compounds Flowable Gesatop 500 SC 48659 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Yates Bluestone Copper 45027 250 g/kg copper as 1 kg Solid Not given For the control of algae 4 g per 1000 L water algae in dams, tanks and
Sulphate copper sulphate (green slime) in dams Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Australasia Pty Ltd
Aurthur Yates & Co Pty Ltd http://cp.au.novartis.com
http://www.yates.com.au
Sipcam Pacific Amizina 50166 900 g/kg Simazine 1, 5 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water
Table 1: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae in Australia

Coptrol Aquatic Algicide 31030 107 g/L copper present as 20 L Liquid Aquatic For the control of most 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L 900WDG Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
mixed copper chelates algicide types of blue-green algae, copper for free algae in dams, tanks and
Ruth Consolidated Industries in irrigation canals, farm floating algae Sipcam Pacific Australia troughs, in WA only
Pty Ltd dams, industrial ponds, 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Pty Ltd
Info@rci.com.au ornamental ponds, for filamentous algae
raceways, rice paddies & 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Novartis Simazine Flowable 50021 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
potable water supplies for Chara and 500 SC Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Phormidium algae algae in dams, tanks and
Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Cupricide Algicide 52384 105 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Australasia Pty Ltd
copper-ethanolamine 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae Acres Simazine Flowable 52617 500 g/L Simazine 20L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green

Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for algae in dams, tanks and
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Selchem Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella
systems, ditches, canals & Crop Care Simazine Flowable 52582 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
laterals Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
algae in dams, tanks and
Crop Care Australasia troughs, in WA only
Cupricide 110 Algicide 52542 110 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Pty Ltd
mixed copper- 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for http://www.cropcare.
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd ethanolamine complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae com.au
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for Dalgety Simazine DF 52613 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g/1000 L water
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella algae in dams, tanks and
systems, ditches, canals & Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
laterals http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
ers.com.au
Other Compounds
Dalgety Simazine Flowable 52614 500 g/L Simazine 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
YM-FAB Nylate Halogen 47352 920 g/kg Bromo chloro Not Solid Halogen For control of algae in For initial treatment: Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Based Broad Spectrum dimethyl hydantoin given based irrigation lines 1.75–2.63 g per 100 algae in dams, tanks and
Biocide broad L water Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
spectrum For monthly http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
Post Harvest Chemicals – biocide maintenance: ers.com.au
Division of Wobelea 0.875–1.75 g per 100
Pty Ltd L water Simagranz Herbicide 49965 900 g/kg Simazine and 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2.2 g/1000 L water
related triazines Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Simazine Compounds (registered for use as algicides in Western Australia only) Crop Care Australasia algae in dams, tanks and
Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location

Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only


Nufarm Flowable Simazine 31855 500 g/L Simazine 20, 200 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L http://www.cropcare.com.au
Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and Simazine 500 Flowable 51634 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
http://www.austarab.com.au/ algae in dams, tanks and
nufarm/nufarm_ Dow Agrosciences troughs, in WA only
operations.html Australia Ltd
USING ALGICIDES FOR
Copper compounds registered by a specific user (not available for general sale)
Nufarm Simazine 900 DF 31856 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15, Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 1000 L water
Herbicide 50x10 kg Herbicide filamentous blue-green SA Water Copper Sulphate 51854 250 g/kg copper present as 25, 500, Solid Algicide For the control of blue 1–2 mg/L
algae in dams, tanks and copper sulphate 1000 kg green algae
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only SA Water Corporation pentahydrate (cyanobacteria) in water
http://www.austarab.com.au
/nufarm/nufarm_
operations.html
supply reservoirs
THE CONTROL OF
Melbourne Water Cupricide 52606 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 500 40546 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L Melbourne Water supply reservoirs CRC for Water Quality
Flowable Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water Corporation
algae in dams, tanks and and Treatment ALGAE IN AUSTRALIA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only SWWA Copper Sulphate 54168 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 900 WDG 46811 900 g/kg Simazine Not Solid, Herbicide For the control of 2 g per 100 L water South West Water Authority supply reservoirs
Herbicide given granules filamentous blue-green Registered Products for Use Against
algae in dams, tanks and South Gippsland Water 53633 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only Copper Sulphate copper sulphate rcial green algae Algae and Cyanobacteria in Dams,
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
South Gippsland Water supply reservoirs Potable Water and Irrigation Water
Davison Simazine 900 WDG 47284 900 g/kg Simazine 10 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water Authority
Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green Supply Systems, in Australia.
algae in dams, tanks and
Joyce Rural Pty Ltd (Davison troughs, in WA only
Industries) The list of registered chemicals was obtained from the National Registration Authority (NRA) and was complete at the time of this document’s
http://www.joyce.com.au publication. However, there are regular updates on a product’s registration status and also the inclusion of newly registered products. Please refer
to the NRA website database (PUBCRIS) for these updates. The pack sizes given in Tables 1 and 2 were taken directly from the relevant label,
however for some chemicals there are other pack sizes available. Please refer to the manufacturer if you require further information on pack sizes.

Flowable Herbicide Simamax 48573 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Flowable Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and
Artfern Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only CRC for Water Quality
Established and supported under the Australian Government’s
and Treatment
Cooperative Research Centres Program.
3805_ALGICIDE_BRO (Converted)-1 7/2/03 9:55 AM Page 1
C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application Name NRA Active Constituent Pack Liquid/ Descrip- Target Organism, and Application
Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates Manufacturer/ Web site/ No Size Solid tion Category/Situation Rates
e-mail (as per of use e-mail (as per of use
label) label)
Copper Compounds Flowable Gesatop 500 SC 48659 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Yates Bluestone Copper 45027 250 g/kg copper as 1 kg Solid Not given For the control of algae 4 g per 1000 L water algae in dams, tanks and
Sulphate copper sulphate (green slime) in dams Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Australasia Pty Ltd
Aurthur Yates & Co Pty Ltd http://cp.au.novartis.com
http://www.yates.com.au
Sipcam Pacific Amizina 50166 900 g/kg Simazine 1, 5 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water
Table 1: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae in Australia

Coptrol Aquatic Algicide 31030 107 g/L copper present as 20 L Liquid Aquatic For the control of most 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L 900WDG Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
mixed copper chelates algicide types of blue-green algae, copper for free algae in dams, tanks and
Ruth Consolidated Industries in irrigation canals, farm floating algae Sipcam Pacific Australia troughs, in WA only
Pty Ltd dams, industrial ponds, 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Pty Ltd
Info@rci.com.au ornamental ponds, for filamentous algae
raceways, rice paddies & 0.5 – 1 mg/L copper Novartis Simazine Flowable 50021 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
potable water supplies for Chara and 500 SC Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
Phormidium algae algae in dams, tanks and
Novartis Crop Protection troughs, in WA only
Cupricide Algicide 52384 105 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Australasia Pty Ltd
copper-ethanolamine 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae Acres Simazine Flowable 52617 500 g/L Simazine 20L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green

Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for algae in dams, tanks and
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Selchem Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella
systems, ditches, canals & Crop Care Simazine Flowable 52582 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
laterals Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
algae in dams, tanks and
Crop Care Australasia troughs, in WA only
Cupricide 110 Algicide 52542 110 g/L copper present as 1,5,20, Liquid Algicide For the control of algae 0.2 – 0.5 mg/L Pty Ltd
mixed copper- 200 & in lakes - potable water copper for http://www.cropcare.
Agmin Chelates Pty Ltd ethanolamine complexes 1000 L reservoirs, farms, fish and planktonic algae com.au
http://www.agmin.com.au industrial ponds, fish 0.5 – 1.0 mg/L
hatcheries, rice paddies, copper for Dalgety Simazine DF 52613 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g/1000 L water
raceways, crop & non- filamentous algae, Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
crop irrigation conveyance Chara and Nitella algae in dams, tanks and
systems, ditches, canals & Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
laterals http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
ers.com.au
Other Compounds
Dalgety Simazine Flowable 52614 500 g/L Simazine 20, Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
YM-FAB Nylate Halogen 47352 920 g/kg Bromo chloro Not Solid Halogen For control of algae in For initial treatment: Liquid Herbicide 200 L Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Based Broad Spectrum dimethyl hydantoin given based irrigation lines 1.75–2.63 g per 100 algae in dams, tanks and
Biocide broad L water Wesfarmers Dalgety Ltd troughs, in WA only
spectrum For monthly http://www.dalgety.wesfarm
Post Harvest Chemicals – biocide maintenance: ers.com.au
Division of Wobelea 0.875–1.75 g per 100
Pty Ltd L water Simagranz Herbicide 49965 900 g/kg Simazine and 15 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2.2 g/1000 L water
related triazines Herbicide filamentous blue-green
Simazine Compounds (registered for use as algicides in Western Australia only) Crop Care Australasia algae in dams, tanks and
Table 2: Chemicals Registered for the Control of Algae – Restricted Users or Location

Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only


Nufarm Flowable Simazine 31855 500 g/L Simazine 20, 200 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L http://www.cropcare.com.au
Liquid Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and Simazine 500 Flowable 51634 500 g/L Simazine 5, 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL/1000 L water
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green
http://www.austarab.com.au/ algae in dams, tanks and
nufarm/nufarm_ Dow Agrosciences troughs, in WA only
operations.html Australia Ltd
USING ALGICIDES FOR
Copper compounds registered by a specific user (not available for general sale)
Nufarm Simazine 900 DF 31856 900 g/kg Simazine 10, 15, Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 1000 L water
Herbicide 50x10 kg Herbicide filamentous blue-green SA Water Copper Sulphate 51854 250 g/kg copper present as 25, 500, Solid Algicide For the control of blue 1–2 mg/L
algae in dams, tanks and copper sulphate 1000 kg green algae
Nufarm Ltd troughs, in WA only SA Water Corporation pentahydrate (cyanobacteria) in water
http://www.austarab.com.au
/nufarm/nufarm_
operations.html
supply reservoirs
THE CONTROL OF
Melbourne Water Cupricide 52606 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 500 40546 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L Melbourne Water supply reservoirs CRC for Water Quality
Flowable Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green water Corporation
algae in dams, tanks and and Treatment ALGAE IN AUSTRALIA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only SWWA Copper Sulphate 54168 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Algicide copper sulphate rcial green algae
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
Farmoz Simazine 900 WDG 46811 900 g/kg Simazine Not Solid, Herbicide For the control of 2 g per 100 L water South West Water Authority supply reservoirs
Herbicide given granules filamentous blue-green Registered Products for Use Against
algae in dams, tanks and South Gippsland Water 53633 250 g/kg copper present as Comme Solid Algicide For the control of blue NA
Farmoz Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only Copper Sulphate copper sulphate rcial green algae Algae and Cyanobacteria in Dams,
pentahydrate Pack Size (cyanobacteria) in water
South Gippsland Water supply reservoirs Potable Water and Irrigation Water
Davison Simazine 900 WDG 47284 900 g/kg Simazine 10 kg Solid Group C For the control of 2 g per 100 L water Authority
Herbicide Herbicide filamentous blue-green Supply Systems, in Australia.
algae in dams, tanks and
Joyce Rural Pty Ltd (Davison troughs, in WA only
Industries) The list of registered chemicals was obtained from the National Registration Authority (NRA) and was complete at the time of this document’s
http://www.joyce.com.au publication. However, there are regular updates on a product’s registration status and also the inclusion of newly registered products. Please refer
to the NRA website database (PUBCRIS) for these updates. The pack sizes given in Tables 1 and 2 were taken directly from the relevant label,
however for some chemicals there are other pack sizes available. Please refer to the manufacturer if you require further information on pack sizes.

Flowable Herbicide Simamax 48573 500 g/L Simazine 20 L Liquid Group C For the control of 4 mL per 1000 L
Flowable Herbicide filamentous blue-green water
algae in dams, tanks and
Artfern Pty Ltd troughs, in WA only CRC for Water Quality
Established and supported under the Australian Government’s
and Treatment
Cooperative Research Centres Program.