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This document does not form a contractual engagement on the part of DOSATRON

INTERNATIONAL and is for information only. The company reserves the right to
© Dosatron International SA 2005 alter product specification or appearance without prior notice.
PROPORTIONAL DOSING
OF ADDITIVES
INTO A WATER SYSTEM
PROPORTIONAL DOSING OF ADDITIVES
INTO A WATER SYSTEM
DOSING TECHNOLOGIES
Parameters to take into account

Water system :
• Max / min water flow
? Water + Additive :
• Dosage accuracy (at all flows)
• Max / min water pressure • Dosage homogeneity
• Pressure & flow variations • Pressure variations generated
• Water filtration required by the dosing system
• Water temperature
Dosing system :
• Need for energy (electric, pneumatic)
Additive Type : • Max-min water pressure & flow
• Liquid or Powder • Dosing range (max-min) & adjustment
• Dosing % required • Self priming
• Components • Max working frequency
• pH • Max viscosity accepted
• Viscosity at 20°C • Materials
• Solubility • Easy maintenance & Installation
• Offgasing risks • Price
DIFFERENT DOSING TECHNOLOGIES
Dosages from 0.1% (1ml/l) to 10% (100ml/l)

Peristaltic Electro Magnetic Electro Mechanic Water Powered


Dosing diaphragm Dosing diaphragm Dosing Proportional Dosing
+ + +
Water Meter Water Meter Water Meter
PERISTALTIC PUMPS
Accuracy of Peristaltic pump + Flow meter
(0 to 2 bar – 10 to 2500 l/h – 0,02 to 3 % )

Water powered dosing technology


ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PUMP N°1
Accuracy of Electro-magnetic pump + Water meter
(0 to 3 bars – 10 to 900 l/h – 0,5 to 2 %)

900 l/h
3 bar max

Water powered dosing technology


ELECTRO-MAGNETIC PUMP N°2
Accuracy of Electro-magnetic pump N°2 + Water meter
(0 to 6 bars – 3 to 2700 l/h – 0,5 to 2 %)

900 l/h
3 bar max

Water powered dosing technology


ELECTRO-MECHANIC PUMPS
Accuracy of Electro-mechanic pump + Water meter
(0.1 to 10 bars – 10 to 600 l/h – 1 à 10%)

Electro mechanic 600 l/h Water powered dosing technology


dosing 8 bars
technology
WATER POWERED DOSING TECHNOLOGY
DOSATRON
(4 FONCTIONS IN ONE TECHNOLOGY)
1. A flow meter (hydraulic motor)
2. An Injector (double effect dosing piston)
3. An homogenizer (mixing chamber)
4. A pressure regulation (Stable dosage from 0.3 to 6 bar)

THE HYDRAULIC MOTOR


Hydraulic
piston The Motor piston moves thanks to the water pressure. A
system of valves allows the movement to be reversed. Each
piston cycle corresponds to a fixed volume of water flowing
Water + through the pump (motor volume). The motor speed will
Water Additive increase proportionally to the water flowing through the
Dosatron.
The dosing pump is VOLUMETRIC.
Mixing
chamber
THE DOSING PART
Dosing
piston The Dosing piston driven by the motor continuously injects a
fixed volume of chemical (doser body volume). For each
volume of water flowing through the motor (1 cycle), the dosing
Dosage
piston will inject the corresponding volume of chemical.
adjustment
Consequently this operating principle guarantees a constant
dosage, independent of water flow or pressure variations.
.

THE ADDITIVE INJECTION IS PROPORTIONNAL TO THE WATER FLOW


Additive AND INDEPENDENT FROM WATER PRESSURE VARIATIONS
A large range of dosing pumps
Water flow & pressure : 5 l/h to 20 000 l/h - 0. 1 bar to 10 bar
Additive dosing rates : 0.03% to 20%
Additive injection flows : 0.000125 l/min to 6,66 l/min
Accuracy of Water Powered Dosing Technology
(10 to 2500 l/h - 0,3 to 6 bar - 0,2 to 2 %)
HOMOGENEITY OF DOSAGE
Homogeneity of dosage at low flow
(Water flow : 30 l/h / Dosage between 5% & 10%)

C o u r b e s d 'h o m o g é n é ité à 3 0 l/h


(P o m p e é le c t r o m é c a n iq u e + c o m p t e u r d 'e a u ) V s ( D o s a t r o n m o d è le D 2 5 R E 5 )
100

Electro mechanic
dosing technology

1 meter between two injections


10 (at 30 l/h on a ¾” pipe)
D o s a g e in s ta n ta

Water powered
dosing technology

L e s B la n c s à 3 0 l/h r e p r é s e n te n t 1 m d e c a n a lis a tio n d e d ia m è tr e in te r ie u r 2 0 m m

D O S A G E S S U R E C H E L L E L O G A R IT H M IQ U E

0 ,1
0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 114 120
T e m p s - T im e ( s )

Colorimetric tests made at low flow downstream dosing systems :


• Electro-Mechanic pump + Water meter (1 to 10% - 6 to 600 l/h)
• Water Powered Dosing Technology (1 to 5% - 10 to 2500 l/h)
ACCURACY AT LOW FLOW
Accuracy at low flow
Accuracy tests made at low flow from 0 to 150 l/h :
• Peristaltic pump + Water meter (0 to 2 bar -10 to 2500 l/h - 0,02 to 3 %)
• Water Powered Dosing Technology (0.3 to 6 bar - 10 to 2500 l/h - 1 to 5%)

Water powered
dosing technology

Peristaltic
dosing
technology
WORKING FREQUENCY
Dosing System Injection Frequency
(Frequency tested at same injection rate and same water flow)

Water powered proportional dosing pump


0,5 to 2% - 10 to 2500 l/h – 0.3 to 6 bars

0.5 Hertz

Electro-magnetic pump + Water meter (C class)


0,5 to 2% - 6 to 900 l/h - 0 to 3 bars

3 Hertz

A high working frequency generally reduces dosing precision (Cavitation /


Viscosity) and moving parts life (mechanical wearing).
Electric pumps can sometimes improve homogeneity by reducing time between 2
injections thus increasing frequency and reducing maximum water flow.
PULSING EFFECTS
ON WATER SYSTEMS
Pressure effect on water systems
At low flow (30 l/h) & high dosage (10%)

Bar

Volume of water going through the dosing system (cm3)

Electro-mechanic pump :
When the injection rate is high compared to the water flow an
over pressure can be generated into the water system (0 to 8 bars):
. Modifying water flow
. Leading to under dosing as such situation requires a pressure releasing
valve (adjusted at 8 bar) going back to the main chemical tank .
. Changing droplets size and angle on low pressure spraying systems.
CHEMICAL & MECHANICAL RESISTANCE
Chemical & mechanical resistance
(Special materials and seals)

PVDF, Teflon, Polyacetal, Polypro, Hastelloy, SAF, Aflas, EPDM, Kalrez..


MAXIMUM VISCOSITY OF ADDITIVES
Viscosity of additives
(Limit due to injection frequency, suction pipe length & diameter, temperature)

Large injection diameter of suction pipe may be


required for : polymers, silicones, viscous oils, etc.
SELF PRIMING
&
MAXIMUM PRIMING HEIGHT
Self-priming & maximum priming height
(depends also on additive density / viscosity , dosing % and pump frequency)

4 meters
(No priming risks due to
offgasing chemicals)
WORKING UNDER « DRY » CONDITIONS
Deterioration risk if working under « dry conditions »
(no additive / dosing pump unprimed / offgasing chemicals)

Water in Air
motor part
Air in dosing head
(diaphragm
working dry)

Water in
dosing part Air

Air

When chemical drum is empty or dosing system is unprimed some technologies


will keep on working dry, damaging mechanical parts such as membranes.
ADDITIVE DEPOSITS
INTO
DOSING PARTS
Soluble powder deposits remaining in dosing part

Powder deposits inside diaphragm


dosing head can lead to :

• Under dosing due to volume


reduction of dosing head.
• Chemical / Pharmaceutical risk due
to bad flushing.
CHEMICAL RISK
FOR USERS & ENVIRONMENT
Chemical risk for user & environment
(Leak on concentrate chemical pipes)

Chemical
under
Chemical pressure
under
suction
EXEMPLES OF END USER PRICES (European markets)

Electromagnetic pump (0,5 – 2%)


6 to 900 l/h
0 to 3 bars
Public price : around 950 €
Dosatron DI2 (0,5 – 2%) Peristaltic pump
10 to 2500 l/h 70 to 500 l/h at 3%
0.3 to 6 bars 70 to 600 l/h at 2%
Public price 2007 : 483 € 70 to 1300 l/h at 1%
70 to 2000 l/h - 0.02 to 0.2%
Dosatron DI150 (1 – 5%) 0 to 2 bars
10 to 2500 l/h Public price : around 800 €
0.3 to 6 bars
Public price 2007 : 576 €

Dosatron DI110 (1 – 10%) Electro mechanic pump (1 – 10%)


10 to 2500 l/h 6 to 600 l/h
0.3 to 4 bars 0.1 to 10 bars
Public price 2007 : 673 € Public price : around 990 €

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