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High Voltage Transient Analysis

(Using PSCAD)
Problem 1

Simulated circuit diagram from PSCAD

Results : Voltage waveforms -

1.1 Load Voltage

1.2 Bus Voltage

1.3 Source Voltage


Results: Current waveforms -

1.4 – Load current

1.5 – Bus current

1.6 – Source current

 Comparison of the results between the PACSD simulation results vs. Bewley-Lattice
diagram -

Bewley-Lattice diagram results PSCADSimulation results


Time (us) Voltage (kV) Time (us) Voltage (kV)
0 0 0 0

270 96 270 95.64

810 84.48 810 84.22

1350 85.86 1350 85.60

Comparison of simulated results and results obtained from Lattice diagram.

Results obtained from two methods are reasonably agreed with each other.
Bus Voltage Variation
120

100

80
Bus Voltage (kV)

60

40

20

0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600
Time (microseconds)

Problem 2

Simulated circuit diagram from PSCAD

Results : Voltage waveforms


2.1 – Bus voltage

Results: Current waveforms -

2.2 – Line ‘A’ current

2.3 – Line ‘B’ current

2.4 – Line ’C’ current

2.5 – Line ‘D’ current


Comparison of simulated results and results obtained from Lattice diagram.

Bewley-Lattice diagram PSCAD Simulation


Time (µs) Voltage (kV) Time (µs) Voltage (kV)
0 0 0 0
400 42.75 400 42.52
1000 57.42 1000 57.14
1400 76.23 1400 75.89
1600 73.64 1600 73.31
2000 84.9 2000 83.40

Bus Voltage Variation- Bewley Lattice Diagram


90

80

70

60
Bus Voltage (kV)

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500
Time (microseconds)

In this case too Results obtained from two methods are reasonably agreed with each other.

Following facts to be taken into account when selecting model parameters,

 Better accuracy can be obtained from the PSCAD by setting the project settings to a
reduced solution time step value and a lower channel plot step time.

 T-Line model in the PSCAD can’t be copy and paste to use for another line. Separate
module of T-Line should be created, or when a copied item’s data is changed, the
original parameters would change too.