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A CONNECTION TO EARTH. USED FOR ZERO


GROUND POTENTIAL REFERENCE AND ELECTRICAL
SHOCK PROTECTION.
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TRANSFORMER WITH TWO WINDINGS –
TWO WINDING PRIMARY AND SECONDARY. PRIMARY COIL:
POWER DRAWS POWER FROM THE SOURCE AND
TRANSFORMER SECONDARY COIL: DELIVERS ENERGY TO
THE LOAD.

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THREE WINDING IT REDUCES THE UNBALANCING IN THE
POWER PRIMARY DUE TO UNBALANCING IN THREE
TRANSFORMER PHASE LOAD
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A SAFETY DEVICE THAT OPERATES TO
FUSE PROVIDEnOVERCURRENT PROTECTION OF
AN CIRCUIT

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USED FOR METERING AND MEASUREMENT
CURRENT PURPOSES. HIGH LINE CURRENT CAN BE
TRANSFORMER STEPPED DOWN FOR MEASURING DEVICES
AND RELAYS

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POTENTIAL USED TO CONVERT THE BUS VOLTAGE TO A
TRANSFORMER SAFER LOWER VALUE FOR METERING AND
INDICATION

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A MEASURING INSTRUMENT USED TO
AMMETER MEASURE THE CURENT IN THE CIRCUIT

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A MEASURING INSTRUMENT USED TO
VOLTMETER MEASURE THE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN TWO POINTS IN THE CIRCUIT

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AUTOMATICALLY OPERATED ELECTRICAL
CIRCUIT BREAKER SWITCH DESIGNED TO PROTECT AN
ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT FROM DAMAGED
CAUSED BY EXCESS CURRENT FROM AN
OVERLOAD OR SHORT CIRCUIT
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USED TO PROVIDE OVERCURRENT AND
AIR CIRCUIT SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION FOR ELECTRIC
BREAKER CIRCUITS OVER 800 – 10K A

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3 PHASE – 3 WIRE THE LINE VOLTAGE IS EQUAL TO PHASE
DELTA VOLTAGE. INSULATION LEVEL IS HIGH
CONNECTION BECAUSE VL = VP

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3 PHASE – 3 WIRE THE CURRENTS RETURNING FROM THE
WYE CONNECTION CONSUMERS’ PREMISES TO THE SUPPLY
TRANSFORMER.

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USED AS CURRENT LIMITING TO INCREASE
REACTOR THE IMPDENCE OF THE SYSTEM.

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USED TO LIMITS THE FLOW OF CURRENT
RESISTOR WHEN THE VOLTAGE IS APPLIED

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AC GENERATOR DEVICE THAT CONVERTS MECHANICAL
ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY

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USED TO CONVERT FREQUENCY OR PHASE
MOTOR OF POWER. USED TO ISOLATE ELECTRICAL
LOADS FROM THE ELECTRICAL SUPPLY.

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USED TO PROTECT THE INSULATION AND
LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS OF THE SYSTEM FROM HE
ARRESTER DAMAGING EFFECTS OF LIGHTNING

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A DEVICE USED TO PROTECT ELECTRICAL
SURGE ARRESTER EQUIPMENT FROM OVER VOLTAGE
TRANSIENTS FOR SWITCHING EVENTS

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AN AC ELECTRIC MOTOR IN WHICH THE
ELECTRIC CURRENT IN THE ROTOR NEEDED
INDUCTION TO PRODUCE TORQUE IS OBTAINED BY
MOTOR ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTIOn.

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AN AC MOTOR IN WHICH THE STEADY
SYNCHRONOUS STATE, THE ROTATION OF SHAFT IS
MOTOR SYNCHRONIZED WITH THE FREQUENCY OF
THE SUPPLY

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IT TRANSFORM THE ENERGY OF WATER,
TURBINE STEAM OR WIND INTO MECHANICAL
ENERGY THAT WILL MAKE THE GENERATOR
SPIN

22 ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION IT CONNECTS EVERY CIRCUIT OF THE
LINE POWER SYSTEM

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SWITCH USED TO ON OR OFF EQUIPMENT TO ALLOW
WORK TO BE DONE AND TO CLEAR FAULTS
DOWNSTREAM.

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USED TO MAKE AND BREAK ALL POWER
SUPPLY LINES RUNNING TO A LOAD OR TO
CONTACTOR REPEATEDLY ESTABLISH AND INTERRUPT
AN ELECTRICAL POWER CIRCUIT.

25 METER
USED TO MEASURE ALL POWER PASSED
THROUGH A DISTRIBUTION NETWORK,
INCLUDING REACTIVE AND ACTUAL.

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Relay device designed to trip a circuit breaker
when a fault is detected
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Distribution a component of an electricity supply system
board that divides an electrical power feed into
subsidiary circuits

A metallic strip or bar that conducts


28 Bus bar electricity within a switchboard,
distribution board, substation, or other
electrical apparatus.
Used in generator to generate electrical
29 Diesel energy.
30 Junction box Used to provide a secure environment for
electrical wires

THE PLACE WHERE ELECTRIC


POWER PRODUCED BY THE
GENERATING 11kV or 13kV PARALLEL CONNECTED THREE
STATION PHASE ALTERNATORS/GENERATORS
STEP UP THE PRODUCED VOLTAGE
132KV, 220KV OR 500KV BY STEP UP
TRANSFORMER
THE ELECTRIC SUPPLY (IN 132KV,
220 KV, 500KV OR GREATER) IS
PRIMARY TRANSMUTED TO LOAD CENTER BY
TRANSMISSION THREE PHASE THREE WIRE
OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION SYSTEM.
AT RECEIVING STATION, THE LEVEL
OF VOLTAGE REDUCED BY STEP-
DOWN TRANSFORMERS UP TO
SECONDARY 132KV, 66 OR 33 KV, AND ELECTRIC
TRANSMISSION POWER IS TRANSMIT BY THREE
PHASE THREE WIRE OVERHEAD
SYSTEM TO DIFFERENT SUB
STATIONS.

AT A SUB STATION, THE LEVEL OF


PRIMARY REDUCED TO SECONDARY TRANSMISSION
DISTRIBUTION 11KV BY STEP VOLTAGE (132KV, 66 OR 33 KV)
DOWN REDUCED TO 11KV BY STEP DOWN
TRANSFORMER. TRANSFORMS.
ELECTRIC POWER IS GIVEN BY TO
DISTRIBUTION SUB STATION. THIS
SECONDARY SUB STATION IS LOCATED NEAR BY
DISTRIBUTION CONSUMERS AREAS WHERE THE
LEVEL OF VOLTAGE REDUCED BY
STEP DOWN TRANSFORMERS 440V
BY STEP DOWN TRANSFORMERS.