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# | JEE MAIN-2019 | DATE : 09-01-2019 (SHIFT-1) | PHYSICS

PART : PHYSICS

## Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)

This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1. A block of mass m, lying on a smooth horizontal surface, is attached to a spring (of negligible mass) of
spring constant k. The other end of the spring is fixed, as shown in figure. The block is initially at rest in
its equilibrium position. If now the block is pulled with a constant force F, the maximum speed of the
block is :
fpduh lrg ij j[ks m nzO;eku ds ,d xqVds dks fLizax fu;rkad k dh ,d dekuh (ftldk nzO;eku ux.; gS) ls
tksM+k x;k gSA dekuh dk nwljk fljk fp=kkuqlkj] vpy gSA vkjEHk esa xqVdk viuh lkE;koLFkk esa LFkk;h gSA ;fn
xqVds dks ,d fu;r cy F ls [khapk tk;s rks xqVds dh vf/kdre pky gksxh :
F
m

F F F 2F
(1) (2) (3) (4)
 mk mk mk mk
Ans. (3)
Sol.
K F
m

## When tc Vmax.  accn = 0

F
 x=
K
Apply work energy theorem
dk;Z ÅtkZ laj{k.k fu;e ls
Wsp = WF = K.E.
1
– Kx2 + F.x = K.E.
2

F2 1 F2 1 2
– K = mumax .
K 2 K2 2

F2 1 2
= mumax .
2K 2
F
= Vmax.
mK

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2. Consider a tank made of glass (refractive index 1.5) with a thick bottom. It is filled with a liquid of
refractive index . A student finds that, irrespective of what the incident angle i (see figure) is for a
beam of light entering the liquid, the light reflected from the liquid glass interface is never completely
polarized. For this to happen, the minimum value of  is :
dkWap (viorZukad = 1.5) ls cus ,d VSad dh ryh eksVh gSA blesa viorZukad  dk ,d nzo Hkjk gSA ,d Nk=k ikrk gS
fd fdlh Hkh vkiru dks.k i (fp=k nsf[k;s) ij nzo esa vkifrr izdk'k dh fdj.k ds fy;s nzo&dkWap vUri`Z"B ls ijkofrZr
fdj.k] dHkh Hkh iw.kZr;k /kqzfor ugha gksrh gSaA ,slk gksus ds fy;s]  dk U;qure eku gksxk :

5 4 3 5
(1) (2) (3) (4)
3 3 5 3
Ans. (3)
Sol.

water

r
Glass = 1.5

1
1.sin90° = sin  sin =

sin = 1.5 sinr
1.5
tan= 1.5  tan =

3 1
sin = 
9  4 2 
3
92 = 9 + 42  =
5

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3. An infinitely long, current carrying wire and a small current carrying loop are in the plane of the paper as
shown. The radius of the loop is a and distance of its centre from the wire is d(d ≫ a). If the loop applies
a force F on the wire then :
,d vuUr yackbZ dk /kkjkokgd rkj rFkk ,d NksVk lk /kkjkokgd ik'k dkxt ds lery esa fp=kkuqlkj j[ks gSaA ik'k
dh f=kT;k a rFkk rkj ls blds dsUnz dh nwjh d gS (d ≫ a). ;fn ik'k }kjk rkj ij cy F gS rks :

2
a  a2  a
(1) F = 0 (2) F    (3) F   3  (4) F   
d d  d
Ans. (2)
Sol.
F

+m

x

d
x
–m
Force one pole ,d /kqzo ij cy
 0
F = m
2 d2  x 2
Total force dqy cy = 2 F sin.
 0 m x
= 2 
2 2
2 d  a d  a2
2

 0  mx
=

 d2  a 2 
m×2=M=× a2 (magnetic moment) ¼pqEcdh; vk?kw.kZ½
0 a 2  0 a2
Total force dqy cy = = (As d >>a)

2 d2  a2  2d2

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4. A heavy ball of mass M is suspended from the ceiling of a car by a light string of mass m (m ≪ M).
When the car is at rest, the speed of transverse waves in the string is 60 ms-1. When the car has
acceleration a, the wave-speed increases to 60.5 ms-1. The value of a, in terms of gravitational
acceleration g, is closest to :
nzO;eku M dh ,d Hkkjh xsan dks ,d dkj dh Nr ls ,d nzO;eku m dh gYdh Mksjh (m ≪ M) ls yVdk;k x;k gSA
tc dkj fLFkjkoLFkk esa gS rks Mksjh esa vuqizLFk rjaxksa dh xfr 60 ms-1 gSaA tc dkj dk Roj.k a gS, rjax xfr
60.5 ms–1 gks tkrh gSA a dk, xq:Roh; Roj.k g ds :i esa, lfUudV eku gksxk :
g g g g
(1) (2) (3) (4)
30 20 5 10
Ans. (3)
g
Sol. v= T /  M

2
g2  a2  60.5 
 
g  60 
1 a2 1
1+ = 1 using by binomial approximation f}in izes; ds iz;ksx ls
2 g2 60
g g
a=  closest answer lfUudV eku a =
30 5
5. A resistance is shown in the figure. Its value and tolerance are given respectively by :
,d izfrjks/k dks fp=k esa n'kkZ;k x;k gSA bldk eku rFkk lãrk Øe'k% gksaxs %

(1) 270, 5% (2) 27 k, 20% (3) 270 , 10% (4) 27 k, 10%
Ans. (4)
Sol.

Black 0 1
Brown 1 10
Red 2 100
Orange 3 1K
Yellow 4 10K
Green 5 100K
Blue 6 1M
Violet 7 10M
Grey 8 100M
White 9 1G
Gold 5
Silver 10

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6. Two coherent sources produce waves of different intensities which interfere. After interference, the ratio
of the maximum intensity to the minimum intensity is 16. The intensity of the waves are in the ratio :
nks dyklEcU) rjax L=kksrksa ls mRiUu fofHkUu rhozrkvksa dh rjaxksa dk O;frdj.k gksrk gSA O;frdj.k ds ckn vf/kdre
rFkk U;wure rhozrkvksa dk vuqikr 16 gS] rks rjaxksa dh rhozrkvksa dk vuqikr gksxk :
(1) 4 : 1 (2) 16 : 9 (3) 5 : 3 (4) 25 : 9
Ans. (4)
2
 1   2 
Sol.    16
  –   1
 1 2 

1   2 4

1 –  2 1

 3 1  5  2

1 25
 =
2 9

7. A sample of radioactive material A, that has an activity of 10 mCi(1 Ci = 3.7 × 1010 decays/s), has twice
the number of nuclei as another sample of a different radioactive material B which has an activity of 20
mCi. The correct choices for half-lives of A and B would then be respectively :
jsfM;ks/kehZ inkFkZ A ds ,d uewus dh ,fDVork 10 mCi(1 Ci = 3.7 × 1010 decays/s) gSA bl uewus esa ukfHkdksa dh
la[;k nwljs jsfM;ks/kehZ inkFkZ B ds uewus ds ukfHkdksa dh la[;k dh nqxquh gSA nwljs uewus dh ,fDVork 20 mCi gSA A
rFkk B dh] Øe'k%] v/kZvk;q ds ckjs esa dkSu&lk dFku lR; gS :
(1) 10 days and 40 days (2) 20 days and 5 days
(3) 5 days and 10 days (4) 20 days and 10 days
(1) 10 fnu ,oa 40 fnu (2) 20 fnu ,oa 5 fnu
(3) 5 fnu ,oa 10 fnu (4) 20 fnu ,oa 10 fnu
Ans. (2)
Sol. Activity lfØ;rk = N

 ANA = 10
BNB = 20
 A NA 1
 
B NB 2

A 1
2 
B 2

A 1

B 4

t1/ 2B 1

t1/ 2A 4

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8. A mixture of 2 moles of helium gas (atomic mass = 4u) and 1 mole of argon gas (atomic mass = 40u) is
 v (helium) 
kept at 300 K in a container, the ratio of their rms speeds  rms  , is close to :
 Vrms (argon) 
,d ik=k esa 2 eksy ghfy;e (ijek.kq nzO;eku = 4u) rFkk 1 eksy vkxZu (ijek.kq nzO;eku = 40u) xSlksa dk feJ.k 300
 V ( fgfy; e ) 
K ij j[kk x;k gSA ijek.kqvksa ds oxZ ek/; ewy osxksa ds vuqikr]  rms  , dk fudV eku gksxk :
 Vrms ( vkxZu ) 
(1) 0.32 (2) 3.16 (3) 2.24 (4) 0.45
Ans. (2)
VRMS He MAr 40
Sol. =   10 = 3.16
VRMS Ar M He 4

9. A block of mass 10 kg is kept on a rough inclined plane as shown in the figure. A force of 3N is applied
on the block. The coefficient of static friction between the plane and the block is 0.6. What should be
the minimum value of force P, such that the block does not move downward (take g = 10 m/s2)
10 kg nzO;eku dk ,d xqVdk, ,d [kqjnjs vkur lery ij] fp=kkuqlkj j[kk gSA xqVds ij 3N dk cy yxkrs gS A
xqVds rFkk vkur&lery ds chp LFkSfrd ?k"kZ.kkad 0.6 gSA cy P dk U;wure eku D;k gksxk ftlls fd xqVdk uhps
dh vksj xfr ugha djsxk? (g = 10 m/s2 yhft;s)

10kg

3N
45°
(1) 32 N (2) 23 N (3) 25 N (4) 18 N
Ans. (1)
Sol. mg sin  + 3 = P + friction
mg sin  + 3 = P + mg cos .
10  10 1
 3 = P + 0.6 × 10 × 10 ×
2 2
20 2 + 3 = P
31.28 = P  P  32N

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10. Temperature difference of 120°C is maintained between two ends of a uniform rod AB of length 2L.
3L
Another bent rod PQ, of same cross-section as AB and length , is connected across AB (see figure).
2
In steady state, temperature difference between P and Q will be close to :
3L
2L yEckbZ dh ,d NM+ AB ds nks fljksa ds chp rkikUrj 120°C j[kk x;k gSA ,d vkSj blh vuqizLFk dkV dh
2
yEckbZ dh eqM+h gq;h NM+ PQ dks fp=kkuqlkj AB ls tksM+k x;k gSA fLFkjkoLFkk esa P rFkk Q ds chp rkieku ds vUrj
dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

L/4

A B
P L Q
L/2
(1) 75°C (2) 45°C (3) 60°C (4) 35°C
Ans. (2)
Sol.
R/2 A R B R/2
T1 T2
R/4 R/4

T1  T2 3R 3
TA – TB =  =  120 = 45ºC
8R 5 8
5
11. A current loop, having two circular arcs joined by two radial lines is shown in the figure. It carries a
current of 10 A. The magnetic field at point O will be close to :
nks o`Ùkkdkj pkiksa rFkk f=kT;d js[kkvksa ls cuk ,d /kkjk ik'k] fp=k esa fn[kk;k gSA ik'k esa 10 A dh /kkjk izokfgr gks
jgh gSA fcUnq O ij pqEcdh; {ks=k dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

(1) 1.5 × 10-5 T (2) 1.0 × 10-7 T (3) 1.0 × 10-5 T (4) 1.5 × 10-7 T
Ans. (3)

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0 
Sol. Magnetic field at centre of an arc subtending angle  at the centre is 
4 r
0
dsUnz ij dks.k  dh pki ds dkj.k pqEcdh; {ks=k gSA
4 r
   1 1 
B   0   10  2
 2 
 4   3  10 5  10  4
  2 
=  10 7  103  
4  15 
 
B  10   10 5  10–5 T
4
30 3

12. A gas can be taken from A to B via two different processes ACB and ADB. When path ACB is used 60J
of heat flows into the system and 30J of work is done by the system. If path ADB is used work done by
the system is 10J. The heat flow into the system in path ADB is :
,d xSl dks voLFkk A ls B esa nks fHkUu izØeksa ACB rFkk ADB }kj ys tk ldrs gSA izØe ACB esa 60J Å"Ekk fudk;
esa tkrh gS rFkk fudk; }kjk 30J dk;Z fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn izØe ADB esa fudk; }kjk 10J dk;Z fd;k tkrk gS rks
blesa] fudk; esa Å"Ekk izokg dk eku gksxk :

P
C B

A D

V
(1) 80J (2) 100J (3) 20J (4) 40J
Ans. (4)
Sol. For ABC Q = U + W
ABC iFk ds fy;s Q = U + W
60 = U + 30
U = 30 J
Q = U + W
= 30 +10 = 40 J

13. Drift speed of electrons, when 1.5A of current flows in a copper wire of cross section 5 mm2, is v. If the
electron density in copper is 9 × 1028 /m3 the value of v in mm/s is close to (Take charge of electron to
be = 1.6 × 10-19 C)
rk¡cs ds 5 mm2 vuqizLFk dkV ds {ks=kQy ds ,d rkj ls tc 1.5 A dh /kkjk cgrh gS rks bysDVªkWuksa dk viokg osx
(drift velocity) v gS A ;fn rk¡ cs esa bys DVªkWuksa dh la[;k dk ?kuRo 9 × 1028 /m3 gS] rks v dk mm/s esa] lfUudV eku
gksxk (fn;k gS % bysDVªkWu dk vkos'k = 1.6 × 10-19 C)
(1) 0.2 (2) 3 (3) 2 (4) 0.02
Ans. (4)

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Sol. i = neAvd
1.5
19
 vd
1.6  10  5  10 6  9  10 28
1.5
 103  v d  vd = 0.02 mm/s
64

14. Surface of certain metal is first illuminated with light of wavelength 1 = 350 nm and then, by light of
wavelength 2 = 540 nm. It is found that the maximum speed of the photo electrons in the two cases
differ by a factor of 2. The work function of the metal (in eV) is close to :
1240
(Energy of photon = eV )
(in nm)
,d /kkrq ds i`"B dks] igys 1 = 350 nm rjaxnS/;Z ds izdk'k vkSj fQj 2 = 540 nm rjaxnS/;Z ds izdk'k ls] izdkf'kr
djrs gSaA blls mRlftZr QksVksbysDVªkWuksa dh vf/kdre pkyksa esa 2 dk vuqikr ik;k tkrk gSA /kkrq ds dk;ZQyu dk eV
1240
esa] eku gksxk : (QksVkWu dh ÅtkZ = eV )
(in nm)
(1) 2.5 (2) 5.6 (3) 1.4 (4) 1.8
Ans. (4)
hc 1
Sol.    m(2v)2
1 2
hc 1
   m(v)2
2 2
1 hc hc
3 mv 2  
2 1  2
1 1  hc hc 
mv 2    
2 3  1  2 
hc 1
 mv 2  
2 2
hc hc hc 4 hc hc
   
 2 31 3 2 3  2 31
4 1240 1240
 eV  eV = 1.87 eV
3 540 3  350

15. Three charges +Q, q, +Q are placed respectively, at distance, 0, d/2 and d from the origin, on the x-
axis. If the net force experienced by +Q, placed at x = 0, is zero, then value of q is :
+Q, q, rFkk +Q ds rhu vkos'kksa dks x-v{k ij ewyfcUnq ls Øe'k% nwjh 0, d/2 rFkk d ij j[kk x;k gS A ;fn x = 0 ij
j[ks +Q vkos'k ij dqy cy 'kwU; gS] rks q dk eku gksxk :
(1) +Q/2 (2) +Q/4 (3) –Q/2 (4) –Q/4
Ans. (4)
KQq KQ2
Sol.   2 =0  4q + Q = 0
d2 / 4 d
Q
q=–
4

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16. A rod, of length L at room temperature and uniform area of cross section A, is made a metal having
coefficient of linear expansion /°C. It is observed that an external compressive force F, is applied on
each of its ends, prevents any change in the length of the rod, when its temperature rises by T K.
Young's modulus , Y, for this metal is :
js[kh; izlkj xq.kkad /ºC okyh /kkrq ls cuh yEckbZ L rFkk ,d leku vuqizLFk dkV ds {ks=kQy A dh ,d NM+ dks
d{k rkieku ij j[kk x;k gSA tc ,d ckãk lankch cy F dks blds izR;sd fljksa ij yxkrs gS] rks TK dh rkieku
o`f) gksus ij] NM+ dh yEckbZ esa dksbZ ifjoZu ugha ik;k tkrk gSA bl /kkrq dk ;ax izR;kLFkrk xq.kkad, Y gksxk :
2F F F F
(1) (2) (3) (4)
AT A( T  273) AT 2AT
Ans. (3)
Sol. L = LT
L
strain fod`f r == T
L
stress F
Y= =
strain AT
izfrcy F
Y= =
fod`fr A T

17. Three blocks A, B and C are lying on a smooth horizontal surface, as shown in the figure. A and B have
equal masses, m which C has mass M. Block A is given an initial speed v towards B due to which it
collides with B perfectly inelastically. The combined mass collides with C, also perfectly inelastically
5
th of the initial kinetic energy is lost in whole process. What is value of M/m ?
6
fp=kkuqlkj ,d fpdus {kSfrt lery ij rhu xqVds A, B ,oa C j[ks gSaA A ,oa B dk nzO;eku cjkcj rFkk m gS] tcfd
C dk nzO;eku M gS A xq Vds A dks ,d vkjfEHkd xfr v, B dh vksj nh tkrh ftlls ;g B ls ,d iw.kZ r;k vizR;kLFk
VDdj djrk gSA ;g la;qDr nzO ;eku xqVds C ls Hkh ,d iw.kZr;k vizR;kLFk VDdj djrk gSA bu VDdjksa esa vkjfEHkd
5
xfrt ÅtkZ dk th Hkkx {kf;r gks tkrk gSA M/m dk eku gksxk ?
6

A B C
m m M

## (1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 5 (4) 3

Ans. (2)
Sol. mv = (2m + M)v'
mv
v' =
2m  M
Initial energy Final energy
izkfEHkd ÅtkZ vafre ÅtkZ
2
1 1  mv 
mv 2 (2m  M)  
2 2  2m  M 
1 1  m2 v 2 
mv 2  
2 2  2m  M 

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1
mv 2
2 1 2m  M
 = 6

1 m v 2 2  1 m
 
2  2m  M  6
4m = M
M 
 m  4
 

18. A bar magnet is demagnetized by inserting it inside a solenoid of length 0.2 m, 100 turns, and carrying
a current of 5.2 A. The coercivity of the bar magnet is :
,d NM+ pqEcd dks 0.2 m yEch rFkk 100 Qsjksa okyh ,d ifjukfydk ds vUnj j[kdj fopqEcfdr djrs gSaA
ifjukfydk esa 5.2 A /kkjk izokfgr gks jgh gSA NM+ pqEcd dh fuxzkfgrk gS :
(1) 285 A/m (2) 520 A/m (3) 1200 A/m (4) 2600 A/m
Ans. (4)
Sol. B = 0H
0ni = 0 × H
100
 × 5.2 = H
0.2
H = 2600 A/m

19. A copper wire is stretched to make it 0.5% longer. The percentage change in its electrical resistance if
its volume remains unchanged is :
,d rk¡cs ds rkj dks [khapdj 0.5% ls yEck dj fn;k tkrk gSA ;fn bldk vk;ru ugha cnyrk gS rks] blds
fo|qr&izfrjks/k esa izfr'kr ifjorZu dk eku gksxk :
(1) 2.5% (2) 0.5% (3) 2.0% (4) 1.0%
Ans. (4)

Sol.  0.5%

A
  – 0 .5 %
A

R
A
R  A
 –
R  A
R
 0.5% + 0.5% = 1%
R

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20. Mobility of electrons in semiconductor is defined as the ratio of their drift velocity to the applied electric
field. If, for an n-type semiconductor, the density of electrons is 1019 m-3 and their mobility is 1.6
m2/(V.s) then the resistivity of the semiconductor (since it is an n-type semiconductor (since it is an n-
type semiconductor contribution of holes is ignored) is close to :
bysDVªkWuksa dh xfr'khyrk muds viokg osx rFkk yxk, gq;s fo|qr {ks=k ds vuqikr ls ifjHkkf"kr gksrh gSA ;fn ,d n-
Vkbi ds v/kZpkyd esa bysDVªkWuksa dk la[;k ?kuRo 1019 m–3 rFkk mudh xfr'khyrk 1.6 m2/(V.s) gS rks] bldh
izfrjks/kdrk dk lfUudV eku gksxk, (n-Vkbi v/kZpkyd esa gksy ksa dk ;ksxnku mis{k.kh; gS) :
(1) 4 m (2) 0.4 m (3) 0.2 m (4) 2 m
Ans. (2)
Sol.  = ne
1 1 1
 = =  0.4m
ne 1019  1.6  10 –19  1.6 2.56

21. For a uniformly charged ring of radius R, the electric field on its axis has the largest magnitude at a
distance h from its centre. Then value of h is :
f=kT;k R ds ,d ,dleku vkosf'kr oy; ds fo|qr {ks=k dk eku mlds v{k ij dsUnz ls h nwjh ij vf/kdre gSA h dk
eku gksxk :
R R
(1) (2) R (3) (4) R 2
2 5
Ans. (1)
Sol. Electric field at a distance x on the axis of a ring from the centre is
oy; ds dsUnz ls x nwjh ij fo|qr {ks=k dh rhozrk gS %
kQx
E
(R 2  x 2 )3 / 2
 2 2 3/ 2 3 2 2 1/ 2 
dE  (R  x )  x. 2 (R  x ) 2x 
K  =0
dx  (R 2  x 2 )3 
 
R2 + x2 – 3x2 = 0
R2 R
x2 =  x=±
2 2

22. A convex lens is put 10 cm from a light source and it makes a sharp image on a screen, kept 10 cm
from the lens. Now a glass block (refractive index 1.5) of 1.5 cm thickness is placed in contact with the
light source. To get the sharp image again,, the screen is shifted by a distance d. Then d is :
,d mÙky ysal dks ,d izdk'k L=kksr ls 10 cm nwjh ij j[kus ls mldk Li"V izf rfcac ysal ls 10 cm nwjh ij j[kh
LØhu ij curk gSA tc ,d dkWap (viorZukad 1.5) ds 1.5 cm eksVs xqVds dks izdk'k L=kksr ds fcydqy lVkdj j[krs
gS rks] iqu% Li"V izfrfcEc dks ikus ds fy;s LØhu dks d nwjh ls f[kldkuk iM+rk gSA rks d dk eku gksxk :
(1) 1.1 cm away from the lens (2) 0.55 cm away from the lens
(3) 0.55 cm towards the lens (4) 0
(1) 1.1 cm ysal ls nwj (2) 0.55 cm ysal dh rjQ
(3) 0.55 cm ysal ls nwj (4) 'kwU;
Ans. (2)

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Sol.

Screen ¼inZs½

10 cm 10 cm
2f = 10 cm so f = 5 cm
 1  2
Now due to glass plate shift iV~fVdk ds dkj.k foLFkkiu = t1   = 1.5 1   = 0.5cm
    3 
So new vr% u;k u = 10 – 0.5 = 9.5 cm
1 1 1
 
v f u
1 1 1
 
v 9.5 5
1 1 1
 
v 5 9.5
 47.5 
Ans V   
 4 .5 
47.5  2 .5  5
So, shift foLFkkiu  10     cm away from the lens ySal ls nwj
4 .5  4 .5  9
m
23. Two masses m and are connected at the two ends of a massless rigid rod of length . The rod is
2
suspended by a thin wire of torsional constant k at the centre of mass of the rod–mass system (see
figure). Because of torsional constant k, the restoring torque is  = k. for angular displacement . If the
rod is rotated by 0. and released, the tension in it when it passes through its mean position will be :
m
nzO;eku m rFkk ds nks fi.M+ksa dks ,d yEckbZ dh nzO;ekujfgr NM+ ds fljksa ij tksM+k x;k gSA bl NM+ dks ,d
2
ejksM+kad k ds rkj ls, NM+&nzO;eku la;kstu ds nzO;eku dsUnz ls] fp=kkuqlkj] yVdk;k x;k gSA ejksM+kad k ds dkj.k
NM+ ds dks.kh; foLFkkiu ls] ml ij cy vk?kw.kZ  = kyxrk gSA ;fn NM+ dks 0 dks.k ls ?kqek dj NksM+ nsrs gS rks]
blesa ruko dk eku] tc NM+ viuh ek/; voLFkk ls xqtjrh gS] gksxk :

m/2 m

2 2
3k 0 k0 2k20 k20
(1) (2) (3) (4)
 2  
Ans. (4)

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Sol.

m m/2
L/3 2L/3
 k
I
  0  

T  m 2
3
 2 k 2
Tm 0 where tgk¡ I  m
3 I 3
2
0 k

24. A parallel plate capacitor is made of two square plates of side 'a', separated by a distance d (d ≪ a).
The lower triangular portion is filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant K, as shown in the figure,.
Capacitance of this capacitor is :
Hkqtk 'a' okyh nks oxkZdkj IysVksa dks nwjh d ij j[kdj ,d lekUrj IysV la/kkfj=k cuk;k tkrk gSA fn;k gS (d ≪ a)A
blesa ijkoS|qrkad K ds ijkoS|qr dks fp=kkuqlkj yxkrs gSa ftlls fupys f=kHkqtkdkj Hkkx esa ijkoS|qr inkFkZ jgrk gSA
bl la/kkfj=k dh /kkfjrk gksxh :

d
K

K 0 a 2 K 0 a 2 K 0 a 2 1 K 0 a 2
(1) (2)  nK (3)  nK (4)
2d(K  1) d d(K  1) 2 d
Ans. (3)
Sol. Let's consider a strip of thickness dx at a distance of x from the left end as shown in the figure.
fp=kkuqlkj x nwjh ij dx pkSM+kbZ dh NM+ dk eku ysrs gSA
y d d
  y =  x
x a a

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C1
d
K
y C2

x dx
a
C1  0
d – y 
C2 
y
C eq  =
C1  C 2 kd  1 – k y
Now integrating it from 0 to a
vc 0 ls a rc lekdyu djus ij
a
k 0 adx k 0 a 2nk
 kd  1 – k  d x
0

dk – 1
a

25. A particle is moving with a velocity v  K(yiˆ  xj)
ˆ , where K is a constant. The general equation for its
path is :

,d d.k osx v  K(yiˆ  xj)
ˆ , nj ls py jgk gS] tgkWa K ,d fu;rka d gSA bl d.k ds iFk dk O;kid lehdj.k gksxk:
(1) y = x2 + constant (2) y2 = x + constant (3) xy = constant (4) y2 = x2 + constant
Ans. (4)
dx
Sol. =y
dt
dy
=x
dt
dx y
=  y2 = x2 + c
dy x

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26. An L-shaped object, made of thin rods of uniform mass density, is suspended with a string as shown in
figure. If AB = BC, and the angle made by AB with downward vertical is , then :
,dleku nzO;eku ?kuRo dh NM+ksa ls cuk;h gqbZ L-vkÑfr ds ,d oLrq dks fp=kkuqlkj] ,d Mksjh ls yVdk;k x;k gSA
;fn AB = BC, rFkk AB }kjk Å/okZ/kj fuEu fn'kk ls cuk;k dks.k gS, rks :

A
z

90° x
B

C
1 1 1 2
(1) tan = (2) tan = (3) tan = (4) tan =
2 3 2 3 3
Ans. (2)
Sol. Lets considered mass of each rod is m for equilibrium the torque about point O should be zero.
;g ekurs gS dh izR;sd NM m nzO;eku dh gS] lkE;oLFkk ds fy, "O" fcUnq ds lkis{k cy vk?kw.kZ 'kwU; gksuk pkfg,A

O
a


mg

a
mg

O ds lkis{k cy vk?kw.kZ la rqyu ls
a a 
mg sin = mg  cos  – a sin  
2 2 
1
tan=
3
 1
 tan –1  
3

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27. A conducting circular loop made of a thin wire, has area 3.5 × 10-3 m2 and resistance 10. It is placed
perpendicular to a time dependent magnetic field B(t) = (0.4T)sin(50t). The field is uniform in space.
Then the net charge flowing through the loop during t = 0 s and t = 10 ms is close to :
,d irys pkyd rkj ls cus gq, o`Ùkkdkj ik'k dk {ks=kQy 3.5 × 10–3 m2 rFkk izf rjks/k 10gSA bls ,d yEcor~
pqEcdh; {ks=k] tks fd le; ij fuHkZj fdarq ,dleku gS, B(t) = (0.4T)sin(50t) esa j[kk x;k gSA le; t = 0 s ls
t = 10 ms rd ik'k esa cgus okys usV vkos'k dk eku gksxk :
(1) 7 mC (2) 14 mC (3) 21 mC (4) 6 mC
Ans. (Bonus)
t 10ms

Sol. Q=
R
,  = 
0

t 10ms
 =
 0.4 sin(50 t)  3.5  10 3 dt = 1.4 × 10–3
0

1.4  10 3
Q= = 140C
10
No option matches so it should be bonus.

28. If the angular momentum of a planet of mass m, moving around the sun in a circular orbit is L, about the
center of the Sun, its areal velocity is :
;fn lw;Z ds ifjr% o`rh; d{k esa ?kwers gq, nzO;eku m ds ,d xzg dk, lw;Z ds dsU nz ds lkis{k, dks.kh; laosx L gS, rks
bldh {ks=kh; xfr gksxh :
2L 4L L L
(1) (2) (3) (4)
m m 2m m
Ans. (3)
1 2
Sol. dA = r d
2
dA 1 d
= r2
dt 2 dt
dA 1 2 L
= r = since pwafd L = mr2
dt 2 2m

29. A plane electromagnetic wave of frequency 50 MHz travels in free space along the positive x-direction.
 
At a particular point in space and time, E  6.3ˆj V/m. The corresponding magnetic field B , at that point
will be :
vko`fÙk 50 MHz dh lery fo|qr pqEcdh; rjax /kukRed x-fn'kk dh fn'kk esa] eqDr vkdk'k esa tk jgh gSA vkdk'k esa
 
,d fuf'pr le; rFkk fcUnq ij E  6.3 ˆj V/m gSA rks blds laxr pqEcdh; {ks=k B gksxk :
(1) 6.3 × 10-8 k̂ T (2) 18.9 × 10-8 k̂ T (3) 2.1 × 10-8 k̂ T (4) 18.9 × 108 k̂ T
Ans. (3)
E
Sol. C
B
E 6.3
B= =  2.1 10 8 T
C 3  108

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30. When the switch S, in the circuit shown, is closed, then the value of current i will be :
fn;s x;s ifjiFk esa tc fLop S dks cUn djrs gSa, rks /kkjk i dk eku gksxk :
i1 C i2
10V
20V 2 4
i

2

V=0
(1) 3A (2) 5A (3) 4A (4) 2A
Ans. (2)
Sol.
20 v
10V
2 4

2

i1 + i2 = i
20 – v 10 – v v
 
2 4 2
v = 10V
10
i = = 5 Amp.
2

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