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A

autogol- own goal


autolakirer- car-body sprayer
autolimar- car-body mechanic
autoput- AE freeway, BE motorway
AFŽ- Antifascist Women's Front
kandilo- censer

An owl hoots.
Paternal/maternal grandmother- po ocu/ majci
Trla baba lan da joj prođe dan- He/She is shoeing the goose.
preslica- distaff
Baba Marta- In March many weathers.
baba-sera- public toilet charwoman
Too many cooks spoil the broth.
Ni po babu ni po stričevima. No fear of favour.
očevina- patrimony
bager- dredger b. gusjeničar- crawler shovel b. kašikar- crane shovel
baglama-hinge
prut (motka za stoku)-goad
smrditi- reek of His breath reeked of tobacco.
baklava- baklava
bakrorez- engraving bakrorezac-engraver
bala- snot
šlajm- phlegm
balavac- whippersnapper
balansiranje točkova- wheel-balancing
baldahin- canopy
kravlja balega- cowpat
balirka- hay baler, straw baler
nasljedna bolest- hereditaty disease/illness
grgeč (riba)- perch
bankina- BE crash barrier, AE guard rail

banka za obnovu i razvoj- reconstruction and development bank


zelenaš- moneylender, loan shark
trezor u banci- bank vault
bankovna provizija- banker's commission
bankomat- cash dispenser, cash maching, ATM, CA ABM

bančenje- drinking bout


baraba- rascal
bareljef- bas-relief
svinja ranjenik- porker
batinati- batter batinanje-battering
krađa- larceny
bruto društveni proizvod- gross domestic product
beg- bey
begeš- friction drum
živjeti na ivici bijede- to live on the breadline
živjeti u krajnjoj bijedi- to live in penury
navući bijedu na vrat- to bring trouble upon one's head
bedem- rampart
Beduin- Bedouin (pl. Bedouin)
Bags I-AE Dibs on
bježati iz škole- BE to play truant, AE to play hooky markirati-skive

Savjet bezbjednosti- Security Council (of the UN)


Služba državne bezbjednosti- State security police
nevjernik- unbeliever (offensive: infidel)
biljni sok (u drveću i biljakam)- sap
bezbožništvo- godlessness
bezvoljan-listless listlessness
nepogrješiv- infallible (advice; Doctors are not infallible.)
bezgrešno začeće- immaculate conception
bezizlaz-impasse
doći u bezizlaznu situaciju- to reach an impasse
lagana jakna- lightweight jacket
okrutan- ruthless
bezobrazluk- impudence impudent, impudently
bezrezervno-unreservedly, without reservation
neutješan- disconsolate
dimljena slanina- smoked bacon -a rasher of bacon-
bjelance-albumen (albjumen)
biljeg- mark
znamenitost, orijentir- landmark
nadgrobni spomenik- gravestone
horizontalni spomenik-tombstone
beletristički- fiction-
beletristika- belles-lettres
bjelouška- grass snake
pralja- washerwoman
bena-dunderhead
Bengalski zaliv- Bay of Bengal
Beneluks- Benelux
benkica- baby's coat/jacket
u po bijela dana- in broad daylight
bijela tehnika- white goods
smreka- spruce
topola- poplar
čemerika- hellebore
Bijele poklade- Cheese-fast Sunday
bor- pine
bijeli glog- white thorn
bijeli dud- white mulberry
jasen- ash (tree)
bijeli sljez- marshmallow

bijeli (prerađeni) šećer- refined sugar


bijelo meso- chicken breast

berač (jabuka, grožđa...)- picker


berač kukuruza (čovjek) – BE maize AE corn harvester
berač kukuruza (mašina)- BE maize AE corn harvesting machine
berba grožđa- vintage The vintage was later than usual.
hmelj- hop
berba hmelja- hop-picking
slaba berba- slim pickings

beriberi- beriberi
Beringov moreuz- Bering Strait
bermude- Bermuda shorts, Bermudas
Bermudski trougao- Bermuda triangle
nesadržajan- vapid (conversation)
do besvijesti- till one is blue in the face
nadgrobna besjeda- funeral oration
beskamatni kredit- interest-free credit
pokoran, blag- meek (er, est) (Blessed are the meek...)
beskvasan- unleavened (an/levnd) (bread)
beskičmenjak- invertebrate
beskompromisan- uncompromising (attitude, person)
do beskraja- ad nauseam (ad noziam)
beskrajni film- loop film
malokrvnost- BE anaemia, AE anemia
malokrvan- BE anaemiac, AE anemiac
nezamisliv, besmislen- preposterous
besomučan- frantic
bespokoj, bol, muka- anguish
neutemeljen- ill-founded (fear, accusation...)
besprijekoran- irreproachable
bez presedana- unprecedented
bespuće- roadless area
bestežinsko stanje- weightlessness ; u b- stanju- at zero gravity
bestjelesan- incorporeal
betonara- concrete plant
bećar- BE reveller, AE reveler
bećarac- humorous song from Vojvodina
Bečlija- Viennese
bešamel sos- bechamel sauce
bešćutan- unsympathetic
Što je bilo bilo je- No use crying over spilt milk.
Bezbedonosno-informativna agencija (SRB)- Intelligence Service of Serbia
zrno bibera- peppercorn
biberiti- season with pepper
bibliotekarstvo- librarianship
bibliotečki fond- library holding
bibliotečka kartica- library ticket
ljubitelj knjiga- bibliophile
bivo- buffalo bivolica- buffalo cow
buket cvijeća- bouquet of flowers
bižuterija- costume jewellery ( prodavnica –e – shop)
biletarnica- ticket office
bilmez- twerp
ljekovito bilje- medicinal herbs/ plants
majstor, obrtnik, zanatlija- artisan
biorazgradiv- biodegradable
izaći na biralište- go to the polls
Dame biraju- Ladies's choice

upisati se u birački spisak- register to vote

biro za zapošljavanje- employment agency/bureau


bisage- saddlebag
Bacati bisere pred svinje- Cast pearls before swine.
biser mudrosti- pearl of wisdom
sedef- mother-of-pearl
biskupija- diocese
biskupijski- diocesan
vajarska bista- bust (A marble bust of Napoleon)
bitva za vezivanje plovila- bollard; za brodove- bitt
Kako bude da bude- Come/ Happen what may.
račvanje (rijeke, puta)- bifurcation
bič- scourge (skrdž)- Bič Božiji- The scourge of Asia
lagan kao pero- as light as a feather
englesko pivo- ale
biciklist- cyclist
biciklistička staza- cycling path
državna blagajna- the Treasury
blagajnik u banci- teller
Blagovijesti- Annunciation
blagovremen- prompt
blagovremeno- promptly, in good time
Uz dužno poštovanje- with all due respect
blagodat Božija- godsend
pokojni, blagopočivši- departed
blatna kupka- mud-bath
blatište- muddy area
Blatno jezero- Lake Balaton
živo blato- quicksand
blijedilo- pallor (Her face had an unhealthy pallor.)
Ovce bleje. Sheep bleat.
Ljubi bližnjeg sebi- Love thy neighbour as thyself.
blindirano auto- an armo(u)red car
blistava karijera- glittering career
blitva- mangold, mangel
blokada- blockade, postaviti b.- to impose/lift a blockade, ekonomska- an economic blockade
blud- debauchery
bludni sin- the prodigal son
bludnica- harlot
preljubničiti (varati supružnika)- fornicate/ fornication/ fornicator
bljutav- insipid
bob- broad bean
Ne vrijedi ni pišljiva boba- Not worth a bean/straw
žižak- weevil
Bog da mu dušu prosti- God rest his soul
Bogu iza leđa- In the back of beyond
biti bogalj u nogu- be lame in the leg
velike boginje- smallpox
vodene boginje- chicken pox
male boginje- measles
Bogojavljenje- Epiphany
Bogojavljenska vodica- sanctified water
Bogojavljenska noć- Twelfth Night
bogomolja- house of prayer/worship
pagan, hrišćanin, nejevrejin- gentile (-ai)
svetogrđe- sacrilege svetogrdno- sacrilegious
Bogonosac- God-bearer
kantarion- St. John's Wort
bogosluženje- divine/ religious service
Bogumil- Bogomil
Bogumilski- Bogomilian
bilježiti bodove- to keep score
bodljokožac- echinoderm
boem, boemski- bohemian
Deset Božijih zapovijesti- the Ten Commandments
S Božijom pomoći- With the help of God
služba Božija- public prayer service
božur- peony
boza- fermented corn drink
farba za kosu- hair dye
silueta- silhouette
bojica- col(u)red pencil
prognati koga- ostracize/ shun
borbena gotovost- combat readiness
bojovnik- combatant
bokal- ewer
staklena flaša za alkoholna pića- decanter
bokvica- plantain
plastični čep za flaše- screw-top
boksit- bauxite (ai)
duševni bolesnik- mentally disturbed person
seasick, airsick, carsick, travel-sick
razboljeti se- to fall sick, fall ill, be taken ill
žena sa lošom reputacijom- a woman of ill repute
boljitak- betterment

ručna bomba- hand grenade


bombardovati- to bombard
bombardovanje- bombardment
bombarder- bombardier

bombon- drop voćni bombon-fruit drops bomboni za kašalj- cough drops


bombonjera- a box of candy
bon za menzu- meal ticket
subvencija poljoprivrednicima- agriculture subsidy
boračka penzija- veteran's pension
borbena dejstva- hostility the start/outbreak of hostilities a cessation of hostilities
borbena linija- line of combat
borbena pjesma- marching song
zona borbenih dejstava- theatre (of war)
bordel- bordello, brothel
bordo (boja)- claret
bordura- edging; u štamparstvu- border ornamental border, line border
žvale (što idu konju u usta)- bit
igla borera- bit
Boriti se sa vjetrenjačama- Tilt at windmills.
boriti se za vazduh- to gasp for breath
borna kiselina- boric acid
borove iglice- pine straw, zasebno: pine needle
borovica- juniper (džu), bilberry, whortleberry
Bosanski lonac- Bosnian casserole
bosančica- Bosnian cyrillic cursive script
Obrati zelen bostan- To get into deep/ hot water
bostanište- melon patch
bohemistika- Czech studies
plinska boca- gas cylinder
Bošnjak- Bosniak, Bosnian Muslim
bošča- kerchief
brabonjci- droppings
bravar- locksmith
bravarnica- locksmith's shop
brada sa rupicom- dimpled chin
bradavica- nipple, teat
bradavica (kao na tati)- wart
bradva- BE adze, AE adz (edz)
bradviti- hew with an adze
brazda- furrow, vrh brazde- ridge
zaorati prvu brazdu- cut the first turf
brak iz interesa- marriage of convenience
brakorazvodna parnica- divorce proceedings
pokrenuti brakorazvodnu parnicu- initiate divorce proceedings
Stajati na braniku nečega- Stand in defence of something. (AE defense)
branilac titule prvaka- defending champion
javni branilac- public defender
tužilac- plaintiff
branjenik- defendant
braniti na golu (fudbal)- keep goal
braniti tezu- defend a dissertation
brati- pick (fruit, flowers) , ići u berbu kupina-to go blackberry picking; pluck (old-fashioned and liter.)
ošuriti pile- pluck sth- pluck the chicken
brati, kupiti- gather (na širokom području)
brati kukuruz ručno- to reap the corn/ maize
ići brati gljive- to go mushrooming
bratoubilački rat- fratricidal war
bratstvo i jedinstvo- brotherhood and unity
vreća brašna- flour sack
brdašce- hillock
Preko brda i dolina- Over hills and valleys.
Preko devet brda- To the back of beyond.
brdovitost- hilly nature
brđanin- highlander
brežuljak- hummock
breza- birch; crna američka breza- river birch
boja breskve- salmon pink
brijest- elm
motka (od drveta)- rod; birch rod, elm rod...
bretela- strap
brecati se na nekoga- to snap at someone
brže-bolje- pell-mell (The children ran pell-mell down the stairs.)
brzopis- cursive writing
brzoplet- rash; brzopleto- rashly, brzopletost- rashness
briditi- tingle ( a tingling sensation, with cold, from a slap)
brizle- sweetbread
briket- briquette
briljantin- brilliantine
bris sekreta iz grla, nosa- throat, nose culture
valjati se u blatu- to wallow in mud
loža dabra (beaver) i vidre (otter)- lodge
jazbina, jama- den (bear, lion)
jazbina, stanište- lair
brljaviti (pričati nevezano)- prattle
brnjica, staviti brnjicu- muzzle
brodarstvo- shipping (industry)
brodogradilište- shipyard
inženjer brodogradnje- marine/ naval architect
brojanica- string of beads
brom- bromine
bronhitis- bronchitis (ai)
bruniranje metala- burnishing
tocilo- whetstone
brusiti- grind (glass, knife)
bruceloza- brucellosis
brušeni dijamant- cut diamond; ground (knife, glass)
bršljan- ivy
svilena buba- silkworm
bubna duplja- middle ear
bubnjić- ear-drum
buvljak- flea market
budući supružnici- intending spouses
u doglednoj budućnosti- in the foreseeable future
buzdovan- mace
bujad- bracken (U)
bujne grudi- an ample bosom
bujanje biljaka- springing up
bukvar- primer (-ai-)
kladioničar- bookmaker, informal bookie
papska bula- a papal bull
slavuj- nightingale
na bulevaru- in a boulevard
bumbar- bumblebee
planinska koliba- chalet (šalei)
bunker- pillbox
bunovan- drowsy
buncanje- talking in one's sleep
nalet bure- squall
burno more- heavy sea
preživati- chew the cud
burbon- bourbon
svrdlo- auger
bure baruta- powder keg
bure za vodu (kišnicu)- water butt
burek- pasty (pesti), - sa sirom- cheese pasty, - sa mesom- meat pasty
buregdžinica- pasty BE shop, AE store
buržoazija- bourgeoisie
Krči mi stomak- My stomach is rumbling.
daždevnjak/ burnjak- salamander
šaš- sedge
busen- turf (pl. turfs/ turves)
šestar- a pair of compasses
budža- bigwig
bušotina- bore
naftna bušotina- oil well
glodari- rodents

mamiti- lure, bait


mamac (za ribu)- bait
čavka- jackdaw
Vavedenje (presvete Bogorodice)- The Entrance of the Theotokos in the Temple
Vavedenje svete Bogorodice- The Presentation of Virgin Mary
Vavilonska kula- the tower of Babel
vavilonski ropstvo- Babylonian captivity
vavoljak- (hrane)- bolus
vavoljiti -to roll in one’s mouth
izvagati situaciju- to weigh up the pros and cons
vagon- carriage, BE coach, AE car; - za pušače- smoker carriage, za stoku- cattle car,
vagon hladnjača- refrigerator wagon
vadilica krompira- potato-digger/harvester
vadilica repe- beet-digger
odvrnuti čep-to unscrew (I cannot unscrew the lid of this jar.)
vaditi vodu iz bunara- to draw water from a well
vaditi krompir iz zemlje- to dig potatoes
vađenje krajnika- tonsillectomy
vaza- vase (BE vaz, AE veis/veiz)
vazal- vassal
vazduhoplovac- airman, airwoman
vazduhoplovni inženjer- air engineer
naoružanje- armaments
vazduhoplovni pohod- air campaign
vazduhoplovna škola- flying school
vazduhoplovstvo- aeronautics
poštanska priznanica- mail receipt
vazdušno zaprašivanje- air dusting
vazdušno strujanje- airstream
Vaznesenje Gospodnje- the Ascension, Ascension Day
vajkrem- cream cheese
Vajmarska republika- Weimar Republic
prividan, navodan- ostensible (reason)
slaba utjeha- cold comfort
vakuola- vacuole (vekjuol)
vakumiran- vacuum-packed
valencija- valency (veilensi)
valerijana- valerian (velierian)
korito (za svinje)- trough (traf)
valjano željezo- rolled iron
valjaonica- rolling mill/ plant; valjaonica bakra- copper mill
valjkasti zupčanik- spur wheel
valjkasti ležaj- roller bearing
vanilice (kolači)- vanilla jam cookies
vanmaterična trudnoća- extrauterine pregnancy (juterain)
vanredni studij/ obrazovanje- extramural studies/ education
vanparnični potupak- extrajudicial act

vanredni: 1) extraordinary (sastanak- meeting; prihodi i troškovi- gains and expenses;


2) excess (dobit- profit)
3) vanredna situacija- emergency; vanredne mjere- emergency measures;
-o stanje- state of emergency
4) vanredni izbori- early/ pre-term elections
5) vanredni let- unscheduled flight
6) vanredni pravni lek- ancillary remedy
7) vanredni profesor- associate professor; vanredni student- extramural/ part-time student

van sezone- off season (We don’t get many tourists in the off season.)
vanserijski- offbeat = unconventional (humour, approach)
vansudski- extrajudicial, out-of-court vansudsko poravnanje- out-of-court settlement
vantjelesna oplodnja- in vitro fertilization
var, varenje- weld
varati (radi novca)- swindle (They swindled hundreds of dollars out of him.)
varalica u kartama- card sharp
varenika- boiled milk
vaseljenski- ecumenical (ekju) ; ecumenical patriarch (pečriark), ecumenical council
Vaseljenska patrijaršija- Ecumenical Patriarchate (peičriarket)
vaser-vaga- level
zadužbina, doprinos, poklon- endowment
uskršnji- paschal (paeskl)
vaspitalište- educational institution
vaspitač- educator, (u obdaništu) nursery-school teacher
vaspitno-popravna ustanova- correctional institution
vaspitno-popravni dom- house of correction
šećerna vata- cotton candy
vata- cotton wool (balls)
vatiran (postavljen vatom)- padded
vatreno oružje- firearms
vatrogasna služba- firefighting service
malter- mortar
vatrostalan- fireproof, flameproof
stočna pojaca- cattle fair
V.D. (direktora)- (vršilac dužnosti)- acting manager
prugasta američka vjeverica- chipmunk
vježbanka- notebook, exercise book
radni list- workbook
vesti- embroidery; vez- a piece of embroidery
til- tulle (t(j)ul)
pripeti- tether (teder) (He tethered his horse to a tree.)
vezati kosu- tie one’s hair back
vezena košulja- woven tunic
vezir- vizier
konoplja, kudelja- hemp
Velika Gospojina- Dormition of Virgin Mary (day)
velikan- grandee
Veliki četvrtak- Maundy (mondi) Thursday
Veliki petak- Good Friday
Veliki post- Lent
Velika subota- Holy Saturday
i ovome i onome, svakome- all and sundry (dri) (He is known to all and sundry.)
velikokalibarski- large-calibre BE, large-caliber AE
pametan, mudar- sapient
velikoprodaja- wholesale (cijene- wholesale prices)
vijenac (ukrasni, od cvijeća, za glavu)- garland
ukrasiti vijencem- to garland sth/sb
ukrasni vijenac (na grobu)- wreath (riit)
položiti takav vijenac- to lay a wreath
lovorov vijenac- a laurel wreath
trnov vijenac- crown of thorns
Venecijaner- Venetian blind
vjenčanica (na krovu)- sill/wall plate
opštinsko vjenčanje- wedding at a registry office
crkveno vjenčanje- church wedding
ovjenčan slavom- crowned with glory
smreka, kleka- juniper
obavijen velom misterije- veiled in mystery
doslovno- verbatim (verbaitim)
dati/ uzeti na veresiju- give/ take on loan
okovi- shackles (pl.)
Časne Verige- Precious Chains of the Apostle Peter
Koje ste vjeroispovjesti? What confession are you?
sloboda vjeroispovjesti- freedom of worship
vjeroloman- perfidious; vjerolomnik- perfidious person
prekršaj, lomljenje- infraction (minor infractions of EU regulations)
vjeručitelj- religious teacher
vjerska zajednica- denomination
Verthajm brava- Wertheim safety lock; lever lock
Vojna evidenciona specijalnost- Military occupational speciality
proslava- celebration, festivity (Proslava Nove godine, Božića- Christmas, New Year festivities)
veslač (na brodu)- oarsman/ oarswoman;
Nisam ja veslo sisao- I am not wet behind the ears.

vjesnik- herald -biti vjesnik nečega- be the herald of something


vijest- piece/ item of news
vijesti iz zemlje- national news
vijesti u sedam- seven o’clock news
vijest koja je potresla svijet- a world-shaking announcement
večernje vijesti- evening news
emisija vijesti- news program(me)/ broadcast/report, newscast
lokalne vijesti- local news
mala vijest- a snippet of information
pregled vijesti- headlines
na vijestima- on the news
udarna vijest- scoop (I got the inside scoop on his new girlfriend.)

vjetar- wind
vjetar s kišom- rain-bearing wind
vjetar s kopna- land wind
vjetar s mora- sea wind
Ko sije vjetar, požnjeće oluju- They who sow the wind shall reap the whirlwind.
Pas koji laje ne ugriza- Barking dogs don’t bite.
povjetarac- light wind
nalet vjetra- a gust of wind
pustiti vjetar- to break wind

veterina- veterinary medicine/ science


Veterinarska škola- School of veterinary medicine

veto- veto (vidou) pravo na veto- the right of veto


veto na nešto- veto on something/ doing something
propuh- draught BE, draft AE (džreft) (I was sitting in a draught.)
vjetriti prostoriju- ventilate
provjetrena soba- a well-ventilated room
vjetrokaz- weathervane; u obliku pijetla- weathercock
kosa nakon jakog vjetra- windswept hair

vijeće- council (gradsko-city, okruga- borough)


Ona je član gradskog vijeća. She is on the city council.
sudsko vijeće- board of judges
Vijeće proizvođača- Council of Producers
Privredno vijeće- Economic Chamber
Davezno izvršno vijeće- Federal Executive Council
Vijeće petorice okružnog suda- Five-judge (panel of the) district court
vijećnik- councillor BE, councilor AE = councilman/ councilwoman
Vijeće Evrope- the Council of Europe
vijećnica- town hall

savjet- counsel (Listen to the counsel of your elders.)


savjet za odbranu- the counsel for the defence
savjetovanje- counselling BE, counseling AE
savjetnik- counsellor BE, counselor AE

većinski vlasnik- owner of the majority of the stock


većinski paket akcija- majority share
većinski udio (u dionicama), većinsko vlasništvo- controlling interest

vehabija- Wahhabi ( pl. –is)

Vječni Grad- the Eternal City


vječni mraz (sloj zemljišta)- permafrost

veče narodne muzike- evening folk-music concert


djevojačko veče- hen party
momačko veče- stag party BE, bachelor party AE
večernja škola- night school

vječnaja pamjat- Memory Eternal


bijeli veš- whites (Don’t wash whites and coloureds together.)
ženski veš- lingerie (lanžerei)
vješala- gallows (pl.) završiti na vješalima- to end up on the gallows
vješalica (hrana)- strip of (usu. grilled) meat
osuditi na smrt vješanjem- to condemn to death by hanging
vešeraj- laundry room
vještak- expert; suski vještak- legal assessor
vještačenje- loss assessment
vještačiti- to give an expert opinion
vještački zubi- dentures
oživljavanje usta na usta- mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
vještački stvorena potražnja- factitious demand
loviti vještice- to conduct a witch hunt
oštar vid- keen sight
horizont- horizon (on the horizon, to broaden one’s horizons)
vidikovac- panoramic spot
vidičak- pimpernel (biljka)
očanica/ vidova trava- eyebright (biljka)
Vidovdan- Saint Vitus Day
vidovdanski- taking place at Saint Vitus day
Vidovdanski ustav- the constitution of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1921
vidovitost- clairvoyance vidovit, vidovnjak- clairvoyant
poznavati nekoga iz viđenja- to know someone by sight
živahan, vižlast- coltish
pasoš za nešto- passport to something (The only passport to success is hard work.)
dobiti vizu- receive a visa
ljekarska vizita- round?
vizit-karta- visiting card BE, calling card AE, business card
osmatračnica- observation post
vijana konoplja- dressed hemp
posljednje pričešće (na samrti)- viaticum (vaiatikem)
vijača- BE skipping rope, AE jump rope
dječiji konjić- rocking horse
vikendaš- weekender
vikendica- (weekend) cottage
vikler za kosu- curler, roller (Her hair was in rollers.)
vikont, vikontesa- viscount, viscountess (vaikaunt,es)
obućar- shoemaker obućarstvo- shoemaking (industry)
pčelinji vosak- beeswax

gorska vila- mountain nymph


dobra vila- fairy godmother
šumska vila- wood nymph
vilina kosica (biljka)- flax dodder
viline/ gospine vlasi- maidenhair

viljuška za pečenje- carving fork


viljuškar (orion)- forklift (truck)
žica za suđe- scourer (skaurer)
vinar, vinarski trgovac- vintner
vinarija- BE wine shop, AE wine store; gdje se proizvodi vino- winery
vinarstvo- viticulture
vinograd- vineyard (vinjard)
staro vino- aged wine
vinova loza- grapevine
U vinu je istina- In wine there is truth.
vinski podrum- wine cellar
vinsko sirće- vinegar
vinska karta- wine list
vinska kiselina- tartaric acid

vindjakna- anorak
bunda- parka
vinkulacija polise- assignment of policy to moneylender
vinovnik, krivac- culprit
teljva/ toz- coffee dregs
vinski talog- lees
vinuti se-to soar (up) (person, temperature, prices, costs)
vinuti se u visine- to soar upwards
violinski ključ- treble clef
riječni vir- whirlpool
virovit- full of whirlpools
muževan- virile (BE virail, AE viril)
viršla/ hrenovka- frankfurter/ wiener/ weeniee
vokalno- instrumentalni sastav- pop-group
Vavilonski/ Semiramidini Viseći vrtovi- Hanging Gardens of Babylon/ Semiramis
viseći most- suspension bridge
visibaba- snowdrop

visija- high ground


nadmorska visina- altitude
prostor za glavu (u autu)- headroom (There’s a lot of headroom for such a small car.)
visina leta- flying altitude
nadmorska visina- elevation (The city is at an elevation of 2000 metres.)
visoravan- plateau (pl. aus; aux)
strah od visine- fear of heights
visina tona- pitch
u visini od- in the extent of + amount
u nebeskim visinama- up in the skies
visinomjer- altimeter
visinskia dolina- intermountain valley; visinska klima- high-altitude climate;
visinska razlika- level difference
visiti (dosađivati)- loiter= hang around (Teenagers were loitering BE in AE on the street.)
visoka divljač- big game
visoka trava- long grass
Snijeg je 20 cm visok. The snow is 20 cm deep.
visoki napon- high voltage
visoka carina- heavy duty/ tax
proizvodi visoke prerade- complex and precision manufactured goods
visoka stručna sprema- university-level training
visoka škola- college
visoko obrazovanje- higher education
visokoškolska ustanova- degree-granting educational institution
visokoškolski nastavnik- academic
viši naučni saradnik- senior research scientist
viša škola (dvogodišnja)- (two-year) technical school BE, junior college AE
viši oficir- senior officer
viši sud- superior court
uživati visok ugled- to enjoy high reputation
Ko visoko leti nisko pada. The higher they fly, the harder they fall.
osoba koja puca na visoko- high-flyer ( also: high-flier)
visokogradnja- high-rise building
(visoko) kaloričan- (highly-) – calorific
Vaša Visosti- Your Majesty
Vaše Visočanstvo- Your Higness

viski s ledom- whiskey AE, IRE, whisky BE on the rocks


HGV (heavy goods vehicle)- teretno vozilo

vispren- perspicacious (perspikeišs) -a perspicacious remark-


visprenost- perspicacity
vitak- slender (slenderer, est; also more slender, most slender)
vitalni organi- the vitals
viteški red- knighthood/ order of knighthood
viteški- knightly
praviti gnijezdo- to nest (Hundreds of birds are nesting on the cliffs.)
čvarci- cracklings
vijoriti se (zastava)- flutter (Flags fluttered in the breeze.)
lebdjeti- hover (havr)
vitica (na biljkama puzavicama, time se penju)- tendril
mahati (oružjem)- wield, brandish
obrtanj na bunaru- windlass
vitlo (na autima i letilicama)- winch
traktorsko vitlo- tractor winch
vitorog- having thin and twisted horns
vihor/ vrtlog- whirlwind, vortex
vihorast dan/ vjetar- blustery day/ wind
vic iz naftalina- corny joke
potreba za radnog snagom- a need for manpower
nedostatak radne snage- a manpower shortage

vice kancelar- vice chancellor


vice guverner- vice governor
vice konzul- vice consul

vičan- adept (at/ in sth; at/ in doing sth) (He became adept at/ in getting the shyest student to talk.)

višak- 1) surplus (value, profit, income, product, manpower-radna snaga)


2) excess (nečega neželjenog)- (of sth; credit, reserves, capacity, demand)
3) višak radne snage- redundancy
4) tehnološki višak- redundant
5) tržišni viškovi- market surplus

poliklinika- polyclinic
višebrazdni plug- frame/ gang plough BE, plow AE
vreteno- spindle
višeglasno pjevanje- part singing
jednogodišnja biljka- annual
dvogodišnja biljka- biennial (bai)
višegodišnja biljka- perennial
višednevni post- fasting season
višezupčanični prenos- wheel train
višekolosječni- multiple-track
višekratan- repeated; za –u upotrebu- reusable
višenamjenski- multi-purpose
višeosni- multi-axial
višepartijski- multiparty
višeredna sijačica- drill seeder/ sower
višespratni- multi-storey BE, multi-story AE
nogare, potpora, skele- trestle
višestepeni- multi-stage; -i prijenos- multi-stage gearbox
višnja- sour cherry (plod), sour-cherry tree (drvo)
boje višnje- cerise (seris)
višnjevača- sour-cherry brandy
višnjik- sour-cherry orchard

rzati- neigh (nei)


vjeruju- creed
vlaga- (u vazduhu) humidity; (u prostoriji) damp;

vlada- BE government, AE administration


formirati vladu- to form a government
za nečije vladavine- during someone’s reign
vladavina prava- the rule of law
provesti- to conduct (an experiment, an inquiry, a survey)
dirigovati- to conduct
ponašati se- to conduct (He conducted himself far better than expected.)
nedolično ponašanje (uvažene osobe)- misconduct
dobro vladanje jezikom- a good command of a language
zatišje- lull (lol) (a lull in conversation/ fighting)
zatišje pred buru- the lull before the storm

vladika- bishop
čobanov štab- shepherd’s crook
vlažna maramica- wet wipe
vlažiti beton- keep moist
vlažnost vazduha- humidity of air
udolina- dell
vlas- strand (of hair, wool...)
vlasac (luk)- chive
vlasnik- (kuće, stana) owner; (firme , patenta)- priprietor/ proprietress;
većinski vlasnik- majority shareholder
manjinski vlasnik- minority shareholder
vlasnik obveznice- bond holder
vlasnik patenta- patentee
vlasnik radnje- shop-keeper
vlasnik računa- account holder
vlasnički list- title deed
pravo vlasništva- proprietary rights
u državnom vlasništvu- government-owned
vlasnjača- hill bluegrass

borba za vlast- power struggle


vlast gomile- mobocracy
uzeti vlast/ doći na vlast- to take office
biti na vlasti- to be in office
ne biti na vlasti- to be out of office
sprovoditi vlast- to exercise power
vlastela- gentry
vlastelin- squire
suveren/ vlastodavac- sovereign
suveren= autonoman- sovereign
vlastoručan- written with one’s own hand
vlasuljar- wig-maker
vlat- (trave) blade; (žita) stalk
Vlaška- Wallachia
Vlah- Wallach
vlaški- Wallachian
Sveti Vlaho- St. Blaise
drljača- harrow
vlačara (vune)- carding machine
vlačati- card; čeličnim grebenom- heckle; lan- ripple
Vojno-medicinska akademija- (Belgrade) Military Hospital

vod za struju visokog napona- power cable


žičani vodovi- wiring
vodovi visokog napona- high-voltage lines
glavni vod- main power line
nadzemni vod- overhead power line
podzemni vod- undeground power line

vod vojnika- platoon


streljački vod- firing squad

biti gola voda- to sweat buckets


voda sa izvora- spring water
izmišljati toplu vodu- to reinvent the wheel
loviti u mutnoj vodi- to fish in muddy water
tjerati vodu na svoju zgodu- to bring grist to one’s mill
vodii žednog preko vode- to pull the wool over one’s eyes
vodeni sportovi- aquatic sports
vodena vaga- spirit-level
vodeni žig/ znak- watermark
vodenasta hrana- runny; oči-watery
vodenica- watermill
mlinar- miller
vodenični kamen (žrvanj)- millstone
kruška vodenjaka- watery pear
svećenje vodice- blessing of (holy) water
vodonoša- water carrier
vodoplavni period- flood season
mulj/ glib/ nanos- silt adj. silty
pojilo- watering place
vodostaj- water level
vodotok- stream
vodotopiv- soluble in water
rastočiv- soluble (aspirin; gas)

vodena turbina- hydraulic turbine


plovni, prenošen vodom- waterborne
vodovod- (zgrada) waterworks/(sistem) plumbing/ water-supply system
vodovodna struktura- water pipe fittings
vodovodna cijev- water-supply tube
vodovodne instalacije- plumbing
glavna vodovodna cijev- water main
vodovodska voda- town water
vodoinstalater- plumber

vodogradnja- flood-control project


vododjelnica- watershed
nepropustiv- impervious (criticism; pain; rock; layer; impervious to moisture)
vodoizolacija- damp proofing
vodokaz- gauge glass
vodomjer- water meter
vodoprivreda- water management
vodoprivredni projekat- water regulation project

glavna uloga- leading role


zvijezda vodilja- lodestar
misao vodilja- guiding thought

voditelj- emcee (MC= master of ceremonies) or SYN= compere (emisije, predstave)


voditelj najave- linkman
spiker- anchorman/woman

voditi (životinju)- to lead an animal


voditi kolo- to lead a circle dance
navoditi brod- to navigate
voditi loptu- to dribble
voditi (u sportu)- to lead by/with + number of points/ goals/ shoots
voditi pregovore- to conduct negotiations
voditi bilješku- to take minutes
voditi dnevnik- to keep a diary
voditi evidenciju- to keep a record of
Vodi se kao- It is registered as...
voditi glavnu riječ- to call the shots/ tune
voditi ekonomsku politiku- to pursue economic policy
voditi istragu- to conduct/ launch/ pursue an investigation to
voditi kampanju- to run a campaign
voditi parnicu- to be engaged in a lawsuit
voditi finansije- to manage finances

zmija bjeloušla- grass snake


kukuta- hemlock
mokraćna cijev- urethra

vođa zajdnice/ sindikata/ stranke- community/ union/ party leader


vođa puta- courier
vođa smjene- shift leader

koturača- pulley
obećana za udaju- betrothed to sb

vođeni zupčanik- follower gear


matrica- stencil
noćna vožnja- night driving
vožnja u alkoholisanom stanju- drunk driving
teretna kola- cart vozač teretnih kola- carter
skeledžija- ferryman
vozarina- freight charge
vozarina plaćena- carriage paid= c.p.
mrtva/ otpremna/ povratna vozarina- dead/ outward/ back freight
vozarinska provizija- freight commission
vozač autobusa- bus driver
vozački ispit- BE driving test, AE driver’s test
vozačka dozvola- BE driving, AE driver’s licence

Vozdviženje Časnog i Životodavnog Krsta- Exaltation of the Precious and Life-giving Cross (27 Sept.)

vozilo javnog prevoza- public service vehicle


šinska vozila- rolling stock
vući (teret)- to haul (The wagons were hauled by horses.)
pokretne stepenice- escalator
vozni- vehicular (vihikjular) (The road is closed to vehicular traffic.)
vozni park- (veliki) fleet of vehicles , (mali) car pool
mašinovođa- train driver

vojvoda- (titula) duke; (vojni) warlord


vojvodstvo- (zemlja) duchy; (rang) dukedom
vojna gimnazija (učilište)- service school
vojna idustrija- armament industry
vojno lice- serviceman
vojna obaveza- compulsory military service
vojna truba- bugle (bjugl)
vojne vježbe- martial exercises
regrutovanje/ vojna obaveza- conscription, AE the draft, call-up (to receive your call-up papers)
dobiti poziv u vojsku- to be called up
vojni rok- national service
vojno lice- member of the armed forces
redovan vojnik- regular
kao vojnik- soldierly
vojnička zakletva- oath
vojna obuka- military training
vojnički pozdrav- salute
vojnička šubara (BE)- bearskin
vojnički korak- marching step
vojnoevidenciona specijalnost- military occupational speciality
vojska spasa- salvation army
vojskovođa- army/ military leader/ commander
Na mjestu voljno! At ease!

kavez za ptice- aviary


imela- mistletoe
Hristos voskrese. Christ is risen. Vaistinu voskrese. In sooth he is risen.
voštana figura- waxwork
vrabac- sparrow
vrabica- hen-sparrow
gavran- raven
vrana-crow, rook
vragolan- rogue
vragolast osmijeh- roguish smile
đavolica- she-devil
vranac- black horse
kukolj- darnel

vrata na okretanje- revolving dor


vrata u podu- trapdoor
odškrinuta- ajar (I’ll leave the door ajar.)
vratar- BE porter, AE doorman
vratnica- wooden/wicket gate
okvir vrata- doorframe
dovratak- doorpost
krilo vrata- wing

razboj-loom
tkačko vratilo- weaving beam
prednje vratilo- breastbeam
zadnje vratilo- roller

vratna vena- jugular vein (džagjular)


vratni pršljen- cervical vertebra
vratni ležaj- collar bearing
vratobolja- sore neck
vratolom- stunt
vratolomnom brzinom- at breakneck speed
vratoloman/stjenovit/vrletan teren- craggy terrain

voćar- fruit-grower
voćarski kraj- fruit-growing region
mladica- seedling

vračar- AFR witch doctor, NAE medicine man


iscjelitelj- healer
gatar- fortune-teller
vračati/ proricati- to tell fortune, to practice sorcery
Vračevi- Unmercenary Physicians; Healers
vradžbina- sorcery, charm=spell

vrba- willow
žuta vrba- almond willow
crvena vrba=iva- osier (oužr) vrbov prut- osier twig
Kad na vrbi rodi grožđe- When hell freezes over.
vjenčati se pod vrbom- to marry over a broomstick
vrbina maca- catkin
Vrbica- Lazarus’ Sunday
vrbovina- willow-wood

vrbovanje glasača- canvassing (He spent the whole afternoon canvassing for votes.)
vrviti od- (ljudi, buba)-1) be crawling with (The street was crawling with journalists.)
2) be swarming with (The capital city is swarming with police.)
3) be teeming with ( The town is teeming with tourists.)
vrg (cuk)- gourd, calabash
vrganj- boletus or bolete
zabušant- slacker
vrdati- equivocate
glava i pismo- heads and tail
vrebati- to lurk
vrebati u zasjedi- to lie in ambush
vrebač- prowler (osoba)
vreva- commotion ( I heard a commotion and went to see what was happening.)
vreva ljudskih glasova- hubbub (It was hard to hear what he was saying over the hubbub.)

vrijedan- hard-working
vrijedan kao pčela- as busy as a bee
vrijedan pažnje- noteworthy
vrijedan hvale- praiseworthy
vrijedan truda- worthwhile
vrednovanje- (osobe, situacije) appraisal (I have my appraisal today.)
vrednovati- to appraise (Managers must appraise all staff.)
vrijednost- value (high/low value)
vrijednost aktive/kapitala/ otpada/ robe- asset/ capital/ scrap/ commodity value
izgubiti vrijednost- to lose in value
opasti vrijednost nečega- to go down/ decrease/ fall in value
porasti u vrijednosti- to go up/ increase/ rise in value

oreol- halo (heilou)


vrelo- fountainhead
vrijeme Božića, Vaskrsa- Christmastide, Eastertide
ako vrijeme dozvoli- weather permitting (We will have the party outside, weather permitting.)
vrijes, pustara- heath
vrijesak- heather

vretenasta presa- arbor press


vretenasti prst- tapering finger
vretenasto glodalo- end mill
vretenik- spindle box

biti svakoj krpi zakrpa- to have a finger in every pie


vrećica čaja- tea bag
vrlet- crag
vrli, moralan- virtuous, irreproachable
krivudati (rijeka, put)- to meander (miendr)
krivudanje (rijeke, puta)- meander
vrljav- cross-eyed
motka za ogradu- stake
lomača- the stake
kolac- picket ograda od kočeva- picket fence
ulog- stake -a controlling, majority, minority stake (They were playing cards for high stakes.)
vrpoljiti se od nemira- to fidget
mašna- (u kosi) ribbon; (oko ruke novorođenčeta) identification bracelet;
vrpca- (pupčana v.) umbilical cord
vrpčani pogon- cord drive
vrpčanik- cord pulley

vrsta- (pogona) mode of drive; (životinje, biljke) species (spišiz); ( v. riječi) part of speech
ugrožena/ zaštićena vrsta- endangered/ protected species
vrstan- accomplished (cook, poet...)

stati u red- to line up (Line up, children.)

vrtača- karst-hole (funnel-like hole in karst)


udolina- dale
ringišpil- merry-go-round
kolovrat- (za vunu- for twisting wool) spinning wheel
začarani krug- vicious circle
vrtlog- maelstrom (meilstam) (fig.) (They were being sucked into the maelstrom of war.)

vrtoglav- giddy, dizzy


vrtoglavica- giddiness, dizziness
čigra, zvrk- whirligig

vrći (mlatiti žito)- thresh


vršač- thresher
vršilica- threshing machine
vršidba- threshing
gumno/arman- threshing floor
snoplje za vršidbu- grain to be threshed
vrh- (planinski) summit, peak
pun do vrha- filled to the brim

vrhovni- (komanda) supreme command


komandant- commander
vrhovni zapovijednik- commander-in-chief
Vrhovni sud pravde- Supreme Court of Judicature
vrhunac- (događaja, karijere) climax (klai); (intenziteta, vrijednosti) peak; (karijere) apex

vrcalica- honey separator


vrcani med- liquid honey
vrcanje meda- extraction of honey by means of a separator
vrcati (varnice)- to fly (Sparks flew at the meeting.)
vrcati (tekućina, plamen)- to spurt (Blood was spurting from her nose.)
(Red and yellow flames spurted out of the fire.)
režati- snarl (The dogs snarled at us.)
vršilac radnje- agent
vršilac usluga- supplier of services
vršiti razne dužnosti- to hold various posts
vršiti dužnost direktora- to serve as acting director
vršiti ispitivanja- to make/ conduct/ carry our a study

vuk samotnjak- lone wolf


Mi o vuku a vuk na vrata- Speak of the devil and he is sure to appear.
vukovac- all A-marks pupil
vučja jama- wolf den

vulkanizacija- vulcanization
vulkanizer- BE tyre, AE tire repairman

vuna za pletenje- knitting wool


vuna prve striže- hogget wool
vunar- (proizvođač) processor of wool; (trgovac)- wool merchant
vunarska industrija- wool industry
pređa- (wool) yarn
vunovlačara- carding roller
grebenati- to tease to tease wool into strands
lan- flax; kudelja- tow grebenar- carder
vući (dimnjak)- to draw

vunderkind- child prodigy

prednja vuča- front-wheel drive


zadnja vuča- back-wheel drive
vučna kuka- draw-bar hook
auto-kuka- car hook

giht- gout (gaut)

gabarden- (tkanina) gabardine


kontura- outline (She drew the figures in outline.) an outline sketch/ map
gabariti- overall size/ dimensions
oružje visokog kalibra- a high calibre/caliber weapon
gabaritno svijetlo- marker light
tvrdica- miser (maizer); Scrooge
škrt- miserly (mai), stingy (dži)
škrtost, tvričluk- miserliness, stinginess
gavez- (biljka.) comfrey
gavran- raven
gaditi- nauseate
gadljiv- nauseate (smell, behaviour)
gadljiva osoba- squeamish (na krv i sl.)
gadljivost- squeamishness
gađalište- rifle range
praćka- sling, catapult
gaziti- tread (trod, trodden) (You trod on my toe!) (Don’t tread in that puddle!)
gaz (mjesto prelaska rijeke)- ford
gaza- gauze (gaaz)
Gaza (oblast i grad u Palestini)- Gaza
gazela- gazelle
gazeći sloj na gumi točka- tread
gazati (water or mud)- (They waded the river at a shallow point.)
gazšte- tread-board
lug, šumarak- grove
gajba- crate a crate of bananas

gajenje bilja- crop production


gajenje drveća i šiblja- arboriculture
gajenje ovaca- sheep breeding
gajenje povrća- vegetable growing
gajenje ratarskih kultura- arable farming
gajenje stoke- cattle raising
gajenje u stakleniku- glass culture

zanos, vatrenost- fervo(u)r


Vrana gače. A crow caws.
čaplja- heron

galanterija (sitna modna roba)- haberdashery


betonska galanterija- concrete accessories
kožna galanterija- leather goods

Galipolje- Gallipoli

galopirati- to gallop (-p- or –pp-) (The terrified horse gallopped off.)


galop- gallop
laki galop- canter
u punom galopu- at full gallop
Galofil (ljubitelj Francuza)- Gallophile
Galski ratovi- Gallic wars
gamet- gamete (gaemi:t)
gmizati- crawl
ganglija- ganglion
gangrena- gangrene
gangrenozan- gangrenous
ganutljiv- soppy (soppy love songs)
ganjak- entrance hall
gar- char
spaljen- charred
čađ- soot
čađav- sooty (The fireplace was blackened with soot.)

crnomanjast- swarthy
taman ten- a swarthy complexion
garavuša- black-haired woman
garantor- guarantor
radna viza- worker visa

garantni depozit- retention money


garantni list- guarantee/ warranty
garantni period- warranty period
garantni fond- guarantee fund
pod garancijom- under guarantee
garantno pismo- letter of guarantee
garantovani lični dohodak- guaranteed minimum wage
garantovati zajam- to back a loan
garantovati istinost- authenticate
garantovati mjenicu- to back a bill
Ne garantujem za sebe. I cannot vouch for myself.
garantovati za nekoga- to vouch for sb (I cannot vouch for him.)

garancija- guarantee
činidbena- performance guarantee
Garancija ističe. The guarantee is running out.
dvogodišnja garancija- two-year guarantee

ložiti, podstaći (vatru)- to stoke up a fire (with more coal)

građanska/ narodna garda-militia


stara garda-the old guard
garnizon- garrison

garsonjera- bachelor apartment; BE studio flat AE studio apartment


puni gas- full throttle (He drove along at full throttle.)
smanjiti gas- to throttle down
nasuti gorivo- to fill up the tank
olovni/ bezolovni benzin- leaded/ unleaded gasonline (ledid/unledid)

petrolejka- oil lamp


gas-beton- cellular concrete

gasiti- put out, (form) extinguish


gasiti kreč- to slake lime
gašeni kreč- slaked lime
gasiti žeđ- to slake one’s thirst, to quench one’s thirst
ugasiti (televizor, radio, svjetlo)- to turn off
ugasiti (privrednu organizaciju, udruženje)- to run down
ugasiti se samo (vatra, svjetlo)- to go out
ugasiti se (motor)- to stall (The car stalled and refused to start again.)

gasni- (kod zavarivanja) autogenous


gasna rampa toplane- gas train
gasna smješa- gaseous mixture (gaesies)
gasna retorta- gas-making retort
koks- coke
nafta- naphtha
gasovod- gas pipeline
gasometar (mjerač plina)- gasometer

gastarbajter- guest worker


gatati iz karata- to read the cards
gatati iz dlana- to read sb’s palm
čarati- to practice sorcery

gaće- BE informal pants; underpants


kupaće gaće- swimming trunks
duge gaće- long underpants
krvariti gaće za- to shed one’s blood for
gaće bez nogavica- briefs (muške i ženske)
ženske gaće- panties/ knickers

gvožđar- ironmonger; AE hardware dealer


gvožđara- ironmonger’s
Gvožđe se kuje dok je vruće. Strike while the iron is hot.
gelender- handrail; bannister, banister to hold on to the banister/ to slide down the banisters
geler- bombshell fragment

general- BE Field Marshal, AE General of the Army


general-major- BE Brigadier, AE Brigadier General
general-potpukovnik- Major-General
general-pukovnik- Lieutenant- General
čin generala- generalship
generalštab- general staff

Genralna skupština UN-a-General Assembly of the UN


generalni direktor- managing director
generalni direktor UNESKO- director-general of UNESCO
generalni konzul- consul general
generalni revizor- auditor general
Generalni sekretar UN-a- Secretary General of the UN
Generalni sekretarijat- General Secretariat

genijalac- kol. brainbox, genius

geografska dužina- geograhical longitude


geografska širina- geographical latitude
geografski položaj- geographic location
geoda (u stijeni)- geode

geodeta- surveyor
geodetski- geodetic/ survey
geodetska karta- geodetic map
geodetska letva- BE levelling, AE leveling staff/ rod
geodetska značka- range/ ranging rod
geodetski biljeg- survey beacon/ peg
geodetsko mjerenje- surveying
geodetsko snimanje terena- location survey
geodimetar- geodetic distance metre

Sveti Velikomučenik Georgije- Saint George the Great Martyr


georgina (cvijeće)- dahlia
pljeskavica- (meat) patty
pak-tregeri- BE roof rack, AE luggage rack

gerijatar- geriatrician
gerijatrija- geriatrics

gibak-supple
gibanica- greasy cheese-and-egg pie
njihati se, lelujati- sway (Trees were swaying in the wind.)
zagrijati se pred tjelesnu aktivnost- tro limber up, to warm up
gizdati se- to preen oneself

gimnastička majica- gym vest


gimnastički dres- gym outfit
gimnastička sala- gymnasium (pl. iums or ia)
gimnastičke sprave- gymnastic apparatus

ginekološki pregled- BE gynaecological, AE gynecological examination


ginekološko-akušerska klinika- maternity hospital

gips- (mineral) gypsum ;


stucco (stakou: za zidove) a stuccoed wall
gipsar- plasterer
gips u medicini: plaster cast
modelarski gips- plaster of Paris
skinuti gips- to remove/ take off the cast/ plaster

neopravdani izostanci- unexcused absences


girica- picarel pržene girice- fried picarels
git/kit- putty
klizni prozor- sash window
glavarina (porez)- capitation
glavica kupusa- head of cabbage

glavna greda- tie beam


glavna medicinska sestra- senior nursing (woman) officer
glavna pruga- main line
glavni izvođač radova- main contractor
glavni inženjer- resident engineer
glavni i odgovorni urednik- editor-in-chief

glagolski pridjev- participle


Glagoljica- Glagolitic script
gladna godina- lean year

gladiti- to stroke

glazura- (na drvetu ili metalu)- varnish


udariti glazuru nečemu- to put the finishing touches to something

izbori- election
glasačko tijelo- electorate
izborna jedinica- constituency
glasačka kabina- polling/ voting booth
glasačka lista- list of candidates
glasački listić- BE ballot paper, AE ballot
glasačko mjesto- polling station/ place
glasačko pravo- right to vote
opšti izbori- general election
predsjednički izbori- presidential election
predizborna kampanja- election campaign
održati izbore- to hold an election
izborni rezultati- election results
dati glas (na izborima)- to cast a vote for someone
krasti glasove na izborima- to stuff the ballot boxes
skupljati glasove- to bid for votes
glasačka kutija- ballot box

biti na glasu zbog nečega- to be famed for something

glasina- rumo(u)r
povesti glasinu- to start a rumour
širiti glasinu- to spread a rumour
Kruže glasine o... Rumours are circulating about...
Glasina kruži... Rumour has it that...
rumour-monger- onaj koji širi glasine

Zakon glasi... The law states...


Kao što glasi izreka... As the saying goes...
Tekst glasi ovako... The text runs like this.
Pasoš glasi na ime... The passport is in sb’s name...

glasnik- messenger, herald


Glasnik (novine)- Gazette
glasnica- glottis
glasne žice- vocal cords
glasno i jasno- loud and clear
slušalica telefona- mouthpiece
glasnogovornik- mouthpiece, spokesman/woman
glasovni aparat- vocal apparatus
glasovod- air-duct

glatko izbrijan- clear-shaven


neobrijan- unshaven
glede nečega- in consideration of something

gleđ- enamel (inaeml)


gleterica- smoother
gletovanje (zida)- hard finishing)

glib, mulj- sludge, slime


mulj, kaljuga- mire, bog
treset- peat (za gorivo ili đubrivo)
tresetište- peatland
zemljište od treseta- peaty soil
potropačko društvo- consumer society
bezklasno društvo- classless society

glikemija- BE glycaemia, AE glycemia (glaisimia)

glina- clay
glineno zemljište- clayey soil (kleii)
glinasta ilovača- clay loam
kamen muljnjak- mudstone
glineno posuđe- pottery

rezbarenje- woodcarving
drvorezbar- woodcarver
rezbariti- to carve

malter- mortar

gliser- hydrofoil

glista- earthworm
glista pješčara- sandworm
kišna glista- rainworm
gliste u organizmu- threadworm
pantljičara- tapeworm

glog- hawthorn
gloginja- hawthorn berry
glogolac – (štap) hawthorn stick; (kolac) hawthorn stake
glogovina- hawthorn wood

glodavac- rodent
dresura- training, dressage
višeboj- eventing

glodalica- (mašina)- milling machine


glodalica sa pužastim glodalom- hobber
glodati pužastim glodalom- to hob
glodaličar- milling-machine operator
glodalo- milling cutter
vretenasto glodalo- shank cutter
glodalo za žljebove- slot cutter
glodalo za cijevi- gas pipe reamer

glodati- gnaw (na) (The dog was gnawing a bone.) (Rats had gnawed through the cable.)
gloženje- wrangle (with, over, between) ( a legal wrangle between the company and their suppliers)
gložiti se- to wrangle (They’re still wrangling over the financial details.)

gluv kao top- stone deaf/ as deaf as a post


gluhonijem- deaf- mute
gluv na jedno uvo- deaf of/in one ear
gluva tišina- dead silence
u gluvo doba- at an ungodly hour

Pijetao je zakukurikao- The cock crowed.


tetrijeb- capercaillie (keprkeili); mountain cock
gnijezdo grabljivice- BE eyrie, AE aerie

glavni glumac- leading actor


glumac amater- non-professional actor
glumac epizodnih uloga- supporting actor
glumac nevažnih uloga- bit actor
glumačka agencija- casting agency
glumački sastav- cast

nicati kao gljive poslije kiše- to spring up like mushrooms after the rain
plijesan/ buđ- mildew
gljivična infekcija- fungus infection
gmaz/ gmizavac- reptile
gmizati- to slither (The snake slithered away as we approached.)

Griničko srednje vrijeme- G.M.T. (Greenwich Mean Time)

gnoj- pus
gnojav- purulent
gnojna bubuljica- pustule (pastjul)

đubrivo (domaće)- dung, manure


pođubriti- to spead dung, to manure

mijestiti (tijesto)- to knead (niid)


gužvati- to rumple izgužvano odijelo- a rumpled suit
gnjecav, tjestast- doughy (doui)
gnjecav (hrana: mokra i mekana)- squishy

marka (auta, sata)- make (What make of car does he drive?)


plastenik- polytunnel (kao u selima)
plastenik- BE glasshouse, AE greenhouse
štala- (za konje) stable
štala- (za ostale životinje) stall
konjušar (obično dijete)- BE stable lad, AE stable boy
vjetrenjača- windmill
šikara, mali gaj, gustiš- copse, coppice
pašnjak- pasture
pasti (travu)- to graze (The sheep were grazing on the green pastures.)
usjevi- crops
brazda- furrow
lokva za vodu- pond
silos, trap- silo (sailo)
štala (za životinje), žitnica, ambar- barn
štala za krave- cowshed
živica- hedgerow
jarak, prokop- ditch
stoka- livestock
livada- meadow
voćnjak- orchard
prijelaz- stile
ševar, trska- reeds
seoski put- lane
staza- footpath
most za pješake (naročito na selu)- footbridge
čistina- village green
sijeno- hay bala sijena- a bale of hay
plast sijena- haystack (rijetko: hayrick), haycock
igla u plastu sijena- a needle in a haystack
kosilica- hay mower
sjenokos- hay field
sjenik- hayloft
vile- pitchfork/ hay fork
spremati sijeno (kositi i sušiti)- to make hay
To make hay while the sun shines. Kovati gvožđe dok je vruće.
gnječeno sijeno- crushed hay
gnječilica sijena- hay crusher
balirka- hay baler
žica za vezanje bala- haywire
grabilica- rotary rake
kombajn- BE combine harvester, AE combine
traktor sa kandžama- Caterpillar tractor postaviti kandže- to fit a Caterpillar track
drljača/ tanjirača- harrow
žetelica- harvester
muzilica- milking machine
sijačica- planter a potato planter
plug- BE plough, AE plow
oštrica pluga- ploughshare
jaram- yoke
govedar- cowherd
govedarstvo- cattle raising
kravlja koža- cowhide
peludna groznica- hay fever
tačke- wheelbarrow
plug- BE plough, AE plow
oštrica pluga- ploughshare/ plowshare
daska pluga- mouldboard

gnjilež- putrescence
gjnjiliti- (meso, lišće) rot
gnjio- (drvo, zemlja) rotten
gnjurac- grebe

govedina- beef
govedina i ovčetina- red meat
govedarski- bovine (bovain) bovine diseases

govor- speech
govor mržnje- hate speech
sloboda govora- freedom of speech
posmrtni govor- funeral oration
narodski govor- vernacular
logoped- speech therapist
izgubiti moć govora- lose the power of speech
gubitak govora- loss of speech
držati govor- to make/deliver/give a speech on
stilska figura- figure of speech

govorni jezik- spoken language


govorna mana- speech impediment
šuškati- to lisp
mucati- to stammer, to stutter
mucavac- stammerer
govorne vježbe- speaking exercises
izvorni govornik- native speaker
govornik- speaker
govornik srpskog- Serbian speaker
besjednik- orator
besjedništvo- oratory
sagovornik- interlocutor (intrlakjutr)
govornica- rostrum (pl. rostrums, rostra) (He climbed on to the winner’s rostrum.)
tribina- platform (on)
telefonska govornica- telephone booth
govornička vještina- rethorical art

godina- year
biti u godinama- to be of advanced years
biti u mladim godinama- to be in one’s teens
godinama- for years
godinama (u negativnom kontekstu)- in years
godina rođenja- year of birth
Godine 1957. In the year 1957
kalendarska godina- calendar year
tokom cijele godine- all (the) year (a)round (The museum is open all the year around.)
prestupna godina- leap year
svjetlosna godina- light year
Nova godina- New year
godina bez izbora (predsjedničkih)- off year
akademska/ školska godina- the academic/ school year
poreska godina- tax year
Prolaze joj godine. She is getting on in years.
nečije posljednje godine- sb’s declining years
sedam godina svraba- the seven year itch
godišnji- yearly yearly income/ interest
godišnje- annually
godišnji budžet- annual budget
godišnji izvještaj- annual report
godišnji promet- annual turnover
godišnja skupština- annual meeting
godišnjica- anniversary
godišnjica nečije smrti- anniversary of sb’s death, commemorative service
godišnjica braka- wedding anniversary

Koje si ti godište? What year were you born ?


biti istog godišta- to be the same age
raspored (u vojsci) po godištima- age groups
gol- goal
golman- goalkeeper
Who is in goal for Arsenal? Ko brani za Arsenal?
pobjednički gol- the winning goal
Liverpul je pobijedio tri naprema jedna. Liverpool won by three goals to one.
Junajted je stekao dva gola u prvom poluvremenu. United conceded two goals int he first half.
penalni gol- a penalty goal
nula-nula- goalless (The match ended in a goalless draw.)
neriješteno- draw (Englang and France drew 3-3.), (Englang drew with/ against France.)
gol postignut glavom- heading-in
dati/ postići gol- to score a goal
izjednačujući gol- equalizer

patnja- travail the travails of life on post-war Britain

Golgota- Golgotha
goljenična kost- shin bone

pšenica- wheat
klas- ear of wheat
zrno pšenice- wheat germ
pšenično brašno- wheat flur
pljeva- chaff
raž- rye
ječam- barley
kukuruz- BE maize, AE corn
zob- oats zoben- oat
proso/ sirak- millet
heljda- buckwheat

gologuz- bare-bottomed

golub- pigeon the sound of pigeons cooing


golub pismonoša- carrier pigeon
golubarnik- pigeon loft
golubarstvo- pigeon breeding
golub/ica (bijeli)- dove
grlica- turtle dove
bukavac (ptica)- bittern

oskudan- scanty (ier, iest)


oskudno obučen, golišav- scantily dressed
gomilati- to hoard
onaj koji pravi velike zalihe- hoarder
gomilanje- hoarding
riznica- hoard (They dug up a hoard of Roman coins.)
nabiti/zbiti se- to huddle (They huddled together for warmth. They all huddled around the fire.)
gomilati (hranu za rezervu)- to store away/ up (Animals are storing up food for the winter.)
zaliha- stockpile the world’s stockpile of nuclear weapon
praviti zalihu- to stockpile something
skupljati, gomilati (predmete, rudu)- to accumulate, to amass
povećavati se, rasti (pritisak, dugovi, računi, troškovi)- (The pressure in mounting on the government.)
penjati se, uzjahati- 1) to mount (She slowly mounted the steps. He mounted his horse and rode off.)
mounted- konjički, na konju mounted policemen;
mounted: montiran a ceiling-mounted fan- ventilator moniran na plafonu

sići, sjahati- to dismount (She brought her horse to a halt and dismounted.)

gomolj (za ishranu biljaka)- tuber


gomoljast- tuberous

gonada- gonad

goniti, tražiti- 1) to pursue (a goal, an aim, an objective, a career); goniti


(Police pursued the car at high speed.)
2) to chase

krivično goniti- to prosecute


gonič robova- slave-driver
gonič stoke- cattle driver
potjera, traženje, gonjenje- pursuit the pursuit of happiness, knowledge, profit
(She travelled the world in pursuit of happiness.)
u potjeri- in pursuit (We drove away with two police cars in pursuit=following)

gora- Mount (only in names in modern English, abbreviation: Mt) Mt Everest


visok kao gora (visok i snažan)- strapping a strapping lad
Tresla se gora-rodio se miš. A storm in a teacup.
visijski, brdski- highland
Gorska služba spasavanja- Mountain Rescue Service

gorak- bitter
roniti gorke suze- to shed bitter tears
gorka kafa- coffee without sugar
gorak (osjećaj)- poignant (poinjent) a poignant image, memora, moment

goran (stanovnik visija)- highlander


stanovnik nizija- lowlander
Goranac- Gorani Muslim

veličanstven, svečan- stately an avenue of stately chestnut trees; a tall, stately woman

goriti- to burn
goriti u požaru- to be on fire
goriti/ zacrveniti se- to burn (Your cheeks are burning with embarrassment.)
goriti svjetlo- to burn (Lights were burning upstairs, but no one answered the door.)
goriv- combustible, flammable
sagorijevanje- combustion
gorivo- fuel
čvrsto gorivo- solid fuel (wood, coal...)
auto koje mnogo troši- a car with high fuel consumption
fosilno gorivo- fossil fuel
kolo na peći- BE gas ring, AE burner
goreći (osjećajno)- fervid(ly)

hrast lužnjak- holm oak


grab- hornbeam crni grab- hop hornbeam

ljeta Gospodnjeg- in the year of the Lord


Velika Gospojina- Dormition of the Blessed Virgin (28. avgust)
Mala Gospojina- Nativity of the Virgin Mary (21. septembar)

gost u hotelu- resident


gostionica- inn
gostioničar- innkeeper

Goti- the Goths


Gotika (arhitektura)- Gothic architecture
Gotica- Gothic alphabet

gotova jela- ready-cooked food


gotovo jelo (u restoranu)- ready dish
gotovan- idler, loafer
gotovanstvo- idleness

snaga- power to take/seize/lose power


svjetska sila- world power
Nije u mojoj moći. It’s not within my power to help you.
u usponu snage- at the height of one’s power
punomoć, ovlaštenje- power of attorney
konjska snaga- horsepower
izvan moje moći- out of my power
strojevi, mašine- the mechanical powers
politika sile- power politics
nestanak struje- power cut/ failure
motorni čamac- powerboat
električna centrala (npr. u tvornici)- powerhouse
elektični vod- powerline
električna centrala- power plant
ekskavator- power shovel (rovokopač)
električna stanica- power station

grabilica (mašina)- gripping device/ unit

graver- engraver
gravura- engraving
graviran- engraved
gravirati- to engrave something on something

gravitaciono polje- gravitational field

graditelj- builder
preduzimač- contractor, constructor
brodograditelj- shipbuilder
građevina- construction of buildings
gradozidanje (srednjovjekovna Vizantija)- town building

uporište- stronghold a stronghold of Republicanism


gradište (srednjovjekovno)- stronghold

gradonačelnik- mayor
gradonačelnica- mayoress
gradonačelnikov mandat- mayoralty
gradski (u vezi sa upravljanjem gradom)- civic
gradski (u vezi sa gradskom upravom/javnim službama)- municipal municipal elections/councils
gradska opština- municipality (governing body)
gradska skupština- town/city assembly
gradsko vijeće/ odbor- town council
gradski vijećnik- town council(l)or
gradska čistoća (KOMUS)- sanitation department
gradski prevoz- public transport
gradsko stanovništvo- urban population
urbanistika- town planning
sastanak gradskih vlasti radi komunalnih pitanja- town meeting
starogradska pjesma- old town song
telal- town crier
stanovnici grada- townspeople, townsfolk
građanski branilac- ombudsman
građanstvo- citizenry

nauka o građanskim pravima/ državi- civics


odbrana i zaštita- civics
građanski brak- civil marriage
niskogradnja (infrastruktura)- civil engineering
inžinjer infrastrukture- civil engineer
građansko pravo- civil law
građanski rat- civil war
državni činovnik- civil servant
u civilu- in civvies

građevinski- building
građevinski materijal- building material
drvna građa- timer
građevinska dozvola- building permit
građevinska inspecija- building inspection
građevinski objekat- structure
građevinski propis- building regulation
građevinska dizalica- brick elevator
građevinska jama- foundation pit
građevinska skela- scaffold
građevinska stolarija- joinery
građevinske mašine- building/ construction machinery
građevinski blok- block of houses
građevinski inspektor- surveyor
građevinski radnik- construction worker
građevinski radovi- construction work
građevinski tehničar- construction technician
građevinski fakultet- School of civil engineering
gradilište- BE building site, AE construction site

metež, uzburkanost- tumult (tjumalt) the tumult of war


bučan- tumultuous (tjumalčeos) tumultuous applause

Gral- the Holy Grail

gramofon- record player


gramofonska glava- pick-up cartridge
gramofonska igla- stylus
pustiti ploču da pjeva- to play a record
kolekcija ploča- record collection

grana- branch
ogranak (velika grana)- bough (bau)
grananje- branching
grančica- branchlet, twig
razgranat- branchy
lišće na drvetu- foliage
grana masline- olive branch

granat (mineral, poludragi kamen)- garnet


granit-granite (grenit)

granata- grenade
granatirati- to shell
granatiranje- shellfire (He was killed by shellfire.) under continuous shellfire

granica- 1) border
pobjeći preko granice- to flee across/ over the border
pogranična straža/ kontrola- border guards/ control
pogranični grad- border town
na granici između- on the border between Serbia and Croatia
hrvatska granica sa Srbijom- Croatian border with Serbia
blizu kanadske granice- near the Canadian border
2) frontier (between A and B; with sth)
pogranični grad/ zona/ postaja- frontier town/ zone/ post
vojna granica- military frontier
zatvoriti granicu- to close a border
na granici- on the border
preći/ prelaziti granicu- to cross the border
granice znanja- frontier of knowledge
granični prelaz- border crossing
granično područje- borderland

suvo granje za potpalu- faggot

grb- coat of arms


porodični grb- family coat of arms
grb grada- city coat of arms
državni grb- state emblem
heraldika- heraldry
grbovnik- heraldry book

grba- hump ( i životinjska i ljudska)


grbavac- hunchback
grbav- hunchbacked

grgeč (riba)- perch


grditi- 1) to scold (sb for sth; sb for doing sth) (He scolded them for being late.)
2) to tell sb off (I told the boys off for making so much noise.
kamenolom- stone pit

greben- (planinski) ridge; morski reef; za vunu carding comb; za lan hackle; tkačke snovaljke cross reed

greder ( mašina za ravnanje)- road grader; motor grader; soil grader

gredica- garden bed

kotao (za vatru napolju)- brazier


grijanje-heating
centralno grijanje- central heating
podno grijanje- underfloor heating

Adamov grijeh- the Fall


počiniti grijeh- to commit a sin
smrtni geijeh- mortal sin
grešan- sinful
grešnik- sinner
navesti nekoga na grijeh- to lead sb into sin
padati u isti grijeh- to relapse into sin

kukuruzna kaša- hominy


griz- semolina

grimasa- grimace (grimneis)


napraviti grimasu- to make/give a grimace

grimiz- crimson

grinja- mite, dust mite


šugavac- itch-mite

grickalica (za nokte)- nail clippers


makazice za nokte- nail scissors

grkljan- larynx (pl. nges)

grčkoistočni- Eastern Orthodox


grčkokatolički- Eastern-Rite, Uniate

grlat- vociferous

rak grla materice- cervical cancer

grmuša (ptica)- whitethroat


grobar- gravedigger
groblje- 1) cemetery (nije pored crkve); 2) graveyard (blizu crkve); 3) churchyard (kod same crkve)
grobnica- sepulchre
grobni- sepulchral, funereal atmosphere
porodična grobnica- family vault
nadgrobni spomenik- gravestone, headstone
daća- funeral meal

grožđe- grape
grozd- a bunch of grapes
bijelo/ crno grožđe- white/ black grapes
brati grožđe- to pick grapes
Kad na vrbi rodi grožđe. When hell freezes over.
grožđice- raisin
grozdov moljac- vine moth

Grom zagrmi na Svetoga Savu- Winter’s thunder makes old men wonder.

grubijan- brute
gruda zemlje- clod of earth

grudi- breast (She put the baby to her breast.)

Gruzija- Georgia (in Asia)


Gruzijanac- Georgian

timariti (čistiti) - to groom a horse/ dog/ cat


konjušar- groom

gruntovnica- land registry


gruntovni- land-registry
gruntovna knjiga- real-estate register
gruntovničar- lang registrar

padina s odronom- scree


gudura- ravine (raviin)
gustiš- thicket

guba- mange (meindž)


gubav- mangy

gubilište- scaffold to be sent to the scaffold/ to die on the scaffold

gubitak- 1) loss
2) forfeit (because you have done something wrong) forfeit of rights/ deposit
3) forfeiture forfeiture of property
gubiti- to lose, to forfeit (svojom krivicom), to shed (životinje kožu i sl.)
How often do snakes shed their skin?

gubica (životinja)- muzzle (konj i pas); snout (duži nos i usta)


gudalo- bow
gudač- string player
gudački orkestar- string orchestra
gudački instrument- stringed instrument

gunj- (home-spun) sheepskin cloak

gurman- gourmet (gourmei) gurmanska hrana- gourmet food

gusar- corsair= pirate


gusarstvo- piracy

gusjenica- caterpillar

gusle- gousle
guslar- gousle player

Da da Bog! May God grant it!

dabar- beaver
dabrova brana- beaver’s house/ dam
dabrovina- beaver fur/ pelt

davalac- donor; davalac prava- franchiser; davalac preporuke- referee; davalac usluge- provider of
services

(o)davati- to give out (light, heat...) (The radiator gives out a lot of heat.)

davež- windbag, gasbag, douchebag


daviti- (za vrat) strangle; (u vodi) drown; (nečim) choke
utapanje/davljenje- drowning
smrt utapanjem- death by drowning
davljenje- strangulation
davljenik- a drowning person

davni, prošli- bygone a bygone age/ era


davnina- olden times, ancient times (What was your life like in the olden times, Gran?)

dagnja- mussel
dažbine- levy (pl. levies...on sth) uvesti dažbine na uvoz ulja- to put/ impose a levy on oil import

daire- tambourine

Dakija (oblast tračkog plemena Dačana)- Dacia (deisia)


daktilografija- typing, typewriting
daktilograf- typist, typewriter
daktilografski kurs- typing course

dalekovid- BE long-sighted, AE far-sighted


dalekovidost- BE long-sightedness, AE far-sightedness
kratkovid- BE short-sighted, AE nearsighted
kratkovidost- BE short-sightedness, AE nearsightedness
daltonista- colo(u)r-blind
daltonizam- colo(u)r-blindness
astigmatizam- astigmatism
bifokalne naočale- bifocals bifokalna sočiva- bifocal lenses
oči bježe prema nosu- boss-eyed/ cross-eyed
konjunktivitis- conjuctivitis
kontaktna sočiva- contact lenses nositi sočiva- to wear lenses
optičar- dispensing optician
oftamolog- ophthamologist
vid- eyesight good, bad, poor eyesight vision
naprezanje očiju- eyestrain
pozorišni durbin- lorgnette (lornjet)
monokl- monocle
školjenje- squint
okvir za naočale- frames
odvratiti/ skrenuti pogled- to avert one’s gaze/eyes
pogledati, motriti- behold (They beheld a bright star shining in the sky.)
razlikovati/ prepoznati- to discern (It’s difficult to discern a figure in the darkness.)
spaziti, ugledati- espy (She suddenly espied someone stealing her bag.)
beetle-browed- sa velikim obrvama
sa iskolačenim očima- bug-eyed
utonule oči- deep-set
oboren pogled- downcast
mrežnjača- retina
šarenica- iris
rožnjača- cornea
zjenica- pupil

dalekovod- (electricity) transmission line


dalekovodna mreža- power-transmission network
dalekovodni stub- electricity pylon
bandera- utility pole

dalekometni- long-range
dalekosežni- far-reaching

Dalmacija- Dalmatia (dalmeiša)


Dalmatinac- Dalmatian

skok u dalj- long jump

do daljeg- until further order


daljinomjer- rangefinder

Damask (glavni grad Sirije)- Damascus

dan-day
radni dan- workday

danak- tribute
danak u krvi- blood tribute

dar- flair
imati dara za nešto- to have a flair for sth

darovna povelja- deed of ift

odskočna daska- springboard a springboard to success; stepping stone (...to a more lucrative career)

datula- date drvo datulja- date palm

datum isteka roka- expiry date


krajnji datum- finishing/ closing date
sa datumom- dated
Koji je danas datum? What’s the date today?
Napiši današnji datum na vrh stranice. Write today’s date at the top of the page.
postaviti datum za sastanak- to fix a date for the next meeting
odrediti datum vjenčanja- to set a date for the wedding
Ne mogu doći tog datuma. I cannot come on that date.
datum rođenja- birth date, date of birth
najbolje upotrijebiti do- best-before date
Hvala na Vašem pismu datiranom 24-og. Thank you for your letter dated 24th March...
datumar- date stamp

dašak svježeg vazduha- a breath of fresh air


daščica- thin board
ploča (drveta, cementna, mramorna)- a slab of wood, cement; marble
ploča u mrtvačnici- the slab a dead body on the slab

dvanaesterac- twelve-syllable verse


unutrašnji organi- the internal organs
vitalni organi- the vitals
kičmena moždina- spinal cord
resica (u ustima)- uvula (pl. ae)
krajnik- tonsil
ždrijelo- pharynx
grkljan- larynx
jednjak- gullet, BE oesophagus, AE esophagus
dušnik- windpipe, trachea (treikia)
bronhijalna cijev- bronchial tube
plućno krilo- lung
kapilar- capillary
žučni kanal- bile duct
slezina- spleen
žučna kesa- gall bladder
gušterača- pancreas
dvanaestopalačno crijevo- duodenum (djuodinam)
debelo crijevo- large intestine
tanko crijevo- small intestina
debelo crijevo- colon
slijepo crijevo- appendix (pl. appendices)
mokraćni mjehur- bladder

dvoglavi orao- double eagle

dvodoman (politika)- bicameral (bai) bicameral assembly, legislature, congress

dvosmislen- ambiguous (word, term, statement)


nedvosmislen- unambiguous

veliki vrč za pivo- tankard

dvojnik- double
rimska dvokolica- chariot
na školskom dvorištu- in the school playground
dvotaktni motor- BE two-stroke engine, AE two-cycle engine
dvocijevka- double-barreled (shot)gun
dvocifren- two-digit, double-digit

Dioničarsko društvo (d.d.)- joint-stock company; BE Ltd, AE Inc.

ublažiti (tenzije)- to defuse


deaktivirati bombu- to defuse a bomb

debakl- debacle (deibakl)


debata- debate (on, about, over sth) a debate on abortion
otviriti debatu- to open the debate
pod debatom- under debate
Tema je otvorena za debatu. The topic is open to debate.
uzavrela debata- a heated/ wide-ranging/ lively debate
debatni klub- debating society
debatovati- to debate sth
debatant- debater

debelokožac- pachyderm
debeli hlad- deep shade
debele pare- big money

kalorična hrana- fattening (Pasta is not as fattening as people think it is.)


debljina sniježnog pokrivača- the depth of the snow

djeverika (riječna riba)- bream

djeveruša- bridesmaid
glavna djeveruša- maid of honour

devize- foreign currency


devizni račun- foreign currency account
devizni- foreign exchange
devizna knjižica- foreign exchange savings book
devizno obračunsko mjesto- foreign exchange clearing house
devizna banka- exchange bank
devizni kurs- rate of exchange/ exchange rate
devizni štediša- hard currency depositor
sistem deviznog plaćanja- foreign payments system

devijantan, izopačen- deviant


devijantnost- deviation

djevojačko ime- maiden name


djevojka sa ulice (prostitutka)- streetwalker
zadjevojčiti se, zamomčiti se- to enter adolescence

pogoršati se- to degenerate (dedženereit), to deteriorate (Her health degenerated quickly.)


degenerisan- degenerate (dedženeret)
degeneracija- degeneration

deetatizacija- devolution of powers (prenos ovlašćenja na ustanove i pojedince)


biti dežuran/ biti na dežurnosti- to be on duty
biti van dežurstva- to be off duty
dežurna apoteka- 24-hour service pharmacy
dežurni krivac- whipping boy
dežurni doktor- doctor on call/ duty
dežurati na ispitu- to invigilate dežurni na ispitu, nadzornik- BE the invigilator, AE proctor
imati noćno dežurstvo- to be on night duty
raspored dežurstava- rota

poreći, odreći se, dezavuisati- to disavow sth


odricanje, poricanje, dezavuisanje- disavowal

dezinfekcija- disinfection
sredstvo za dezinfekciju- disinfectant

dezinformisati- to misinform
dezinformator- misinformer
dezinformacija- misinformation

dezodorans- deodorant
dezodorans s kuglicom- roll-on deodorant
dezodorans u spreju- body spray

dezorijentisati- to disorientate (teit) sb


dezorijentacija- disorientation

dejstvo, efekat- 1) effect on sth


2) vjetra, snijega- action of sth on sth the action of sunlight on the skin
3) pod dejstvom alkohola- under the influence of alcohol

zemljotres- earthquake (The earthquake measured 68 on the Richter scale.)

dekada- ten-day period


dekadentan- decadent adj. a decadent lifestyle/society
dekaedar- decahedron (dekahidron)

dekan- dean dekan Medicinskog fakulteta- the dean of the Faculty of Medicine
dekanat- dean’s office

dekapirani lim(sa kojeg je uklonjen oksid)- pickled sheet metal


dekapiranje- pickling, etching

deklarisan- avowed, professed

carinska deklaracija- bill of entry

dekolte- decolletage (dekoletaž)


dekoltiran- low-necked
dekoltirane grudi- cleavage
dekoncentrisati- to distract sb
dekoncentracija (stanje)- distraction

dekret- decree
dekretom- by decree
dekret o unapređenju- certificate of promotion
dobiti dekret o postavljanju- to get a letter of appointment
izdati dekret- to issue a decree
potpisati dekret- to sign a decree
predsjednički/ kraljevski dekret- presidential/ royal decree
dekretirati- to decree (decreed, decreeing) sth (The government decreed a state of emergency.)
( We cannot decree what the committee should do.)
(It was decreed that the following day would be a holiday.)

dekubitus- bedsore

djelatnost- activities
zakonodavna djelatnost- legislative activity
komunalne djelatnosti- public utilitiy services
reklamna djelatnost- advertising industry
sekundarne djelatnosti- secondary sector
stambena djelatnost- housing sector

delikt- tort
verbalni delikt- BE verbal offence, AE verbal offense
teški delikt- felony

djelilac (u matematici)- divisor


najveći zajednički djelilac- the greatest common divisor

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