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11/26/2018 Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence - 5 Useful Comparison

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Arti cial Intelligence vs


Human Intelligence
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Differences Between Artificial
Head to Intelligence vs Human
Head
Difference
Intelligence

Intelligence can be defined as a general mental ability for
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reasoning, problem-solving, and learning. Because of its
general nature, intelligence integrates cognitive functions
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such as perception, attention, memory, language, or


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planning. On the basis of this definition, intelligence can be


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reliably measured by standardized tests with obtained

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scores predicting several broad social outcomes such as
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educational achievement, job performance, health, and
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longevity. So let’s study the differences between Artificial
Intelligence and Human Intelligence in a detail.

Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence
(https://www.educba.com/course/artificial-intelligence-
using-python/) is the study and design of Intelligent agent,
These intelligent agents have the ability to analyze the
environments and produce actions which maximize success.

AI research uses tools and insights from many fields,


including computer science
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psychology (https://www.educba.com/course/marketing-
psychology/), philosophy
(https://www.educba.com/course/fish-philosophy-
training/), neuroscience, cognitive science, linguistics,
operations research, economics, control theory, probability,
optimization and logic.AI research also overlaps with tasks
such as robotics, control systems, scheduling, data mining,
logistics, speech recognition, facial recognition and many
others.

Human Intelligence:
Human Intelligence is defined as the quality of the mind that
is made up of capabilities to learn from past experience,
adaptation to new situations, handling of abstract ideas and
the ability to change his/her own environment using the
gained knowledge.

Human Intelligence can provide several kinds of information.


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It can provide observations during travel or other events


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from travelers, refugees, escaped friendly POWs, etc. It can


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provide data on things about which the subject has specific


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knowledge, which can be another human subject, or, in the

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case of defectors and spies, sensitive information to which
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they had access. Finally, it can provide information on
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interpersonal relationships and networks of interest.

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Comparison of Brain with a


supercomputer

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence


vs Human Intelligence:
Speed of execution – While one doctor can make
a diagnosis in ~10 minutes, AI system can make a
million for the same time.
Less Biased – They do not involve Biased
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opinions on decision making process


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behaviour-consumer-perception-and-decision-

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Operational (https://www.educba.com/plans/)
(https://www.educba.com/) Ability – They do not expect halt in
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their work due to saturation


Accuracy – Preciseness of the output obviously
increases
Artificial Intelligence has significant dominance
in many tasks, especially when it comes to
monotonous judgments.

Head to Head Comparison


Between Artificial Intelligence vs
Human Intelligence
Below is the top 5 Differences Between Artificial
Intelligence vs Human Intelligence
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Key Differences Between Artificial


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 Intelligence vs Human Intelligence


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Below are the lists of points, describe the key Differences

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Between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence
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Nature of Existence 

Human intelligence revolves around adapting to the


environment using a combination of several cognitive
processes.

The field of Artificial intelligence focuses on designing


machines that can mimic human behavior.

Memory usage

Humans use content memory and thinking whereas, robots


are using the built-in instructions, designed by scientists.

Mode of creation

Human intelligence is bigger because its creation of God


and artificial intelligence as the name suggests is artificial,
little and temporary created by humans. also, Humans
intelligence is the real creator of the artificial intelligence
even but they cannot create a human being with superiority.

Learning process

Human intelligence is based on the variants they encounter


in life and responses they get which may result in millions of
functions overall in their lives. However, for Artificial
intelligence is defined or developed for specific tasks only
and its applicability on other tasks may not be easily
possible.

Dominance

Artificial intelligence can beat human intelligence in some


specific areas such as in Chess a supercomputer has beaten
the human player due to being able to store all the moves
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 played by all humans so far and being able to think ahead 10


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moves as compared to human players who can think 10

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steps ahead but cannot store and retrieve that number of
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moves in Chess.
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Points to Note

The accelerating rate of technological change


makes it likely that people will have both the
computational capacity and scientific knowledge
to create AGI in the next few decades.
Having AGI will be beneficial to humanity. For
example, it may enable humans to mitigate
global problems such as climate change.
It may also lead to an increase in the rate of
economic growth and level of production.
Intelligent and super intelligent machines are the
future of humanity.

Artificial Intelligence vs Human


Intelligence Comparison Table
Following is the set of points shows the comparison
between Artificial Intelligence vs Human Intelligence

Comparison Human Artificial


Factor Intelligence Intelligence

2 watts for
modern
Energy 25 watts human machine
efficiency brain learning
machine
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Humans usually While consuming
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learn how to kilowatts of
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manage energy, this
Universal hundreds of machine is
different skills usually designed
during life. for a few tasks.

The time needed


to teach system
Human worker on each and
work on
Multitasking every response is
multiple
responsibilities considerably
high

Even the most


advanced robots
can hardly
compete in
Humans have mobility with 6
the ability to
learn decision years old child.
Decision Making
making from And this results
experienced
scenarios. we have after 60
years of research
and
development.

Brains are Computers are


State
Analogue digital
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Summary – Artificial Intelligence vs


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Human Intelligence
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Human intelligence revolves around adapting to the

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environment using a combination of several cognitive
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processes. The field of Artificial intelligence focuses on
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designing machines that can mimic human behavior.
However, AI researchers are able to go as far as
implementing Weak AI, but not the Strong AI. In fact, some
believe that Strong AI is never possible due to the various
differences between the human brain and a computer. So, at
the moment, the mere ability to mimic the human behavior
is considered as Artificial Intelligence.

Also, the utilization of artificial intelligence will surely make


life even more convenient for humankind in the years to
come and even force humans to evolve their skill sets, it will
perhaps never be possible for such machines to completely
replace the human resource.

Recommended Article
This has been a guide to Differences Between Artificial
Intelligence and Human Intelligence, their Meaning, Head to
Head Comparison, Key Differences, Comparison Table, and
Conclusion. You may also look at the following articles to
learn more –

1. Data Science vs Artificial Intelligence – 9


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artificial-intelligence/)
2. Artificial Intelligence vs Business Intelligence –
Learn 6 Useful Comparison
(https://www.educba.com/artificial-intelligence-
vs-business-intelligence/)
3. Machine Learning vs Artificial Intelligence –
Which one is more useful
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artificial-intelligence/)
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4. Business Intelligence vs Big Data – 6 Amazing

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