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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Date: 09 January, 2019 (SHIFT-2) | TIME : (2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m)

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360


SUBJECT : PHYSICS

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| JEE MAIN-2019 | DATE : 09-01-2019 (SHIFT-2) | PHYSICS

PART : PHYSICS
Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)
This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1. Two plane mirrors are inclined to each other such that a ray of light incident on the first mirror (M1) and
parallel to the second mirror (M2) is finally reflected from the second mirror (M2) parallel to the first
mirror (M1). The angle between the two mirrors will be :
nks lery niZ.kksa (M1 rFkk M2) dks ijLij ,sls dks.k ij j[kk x;k gS ftlls izdk'k dh ,d fdj.k tc M2 ds lekarj
tkrh gq;h M1 ij vkifrr gksrh gS rks varr% og M2 ls M1 ds lekarj ijkofrZr gksrh gSA niZ.kksa ds chp dks.k dk eku
gksxk :
(1) 75º (2) 90º (3) 45º (4) 60º
Ans. (4)
Sol. 1 + 2 = 360 – 2 = 180 + 
3 = 180
 = 60°
M2

total



total M1

2. One of the two identical conducting wires of length L is bent in the form of a circular loop and the other
one into a circular coil of N identical turns. If the same current is passed in both, the ratio of the
BL
magnetic field at the central of the loop (BL) to that at the centre of the coil (BC), i.e., will be :
BC
yEckbZ L ds nks ,dleku pkyd rkjksa esa ls ,d dks o`Ùkkdkj oy; dh vkd`fÙk esa yk;k tkrk gS rFkk nwljs dks N ,d
leku Qsjksa dh o`Ùkkdkj dqM
a yh esa eksM+k tkrk gSA ;fn nksuksa ls ,d gh /kkjk izokfgr dh tkrh gS] rks oy; rFkk
BL
dqaMyh ds dsUnzksa ij mifLFkr pqEcdh; {ks=k] Øe'k% BL rFkk BC gksa] rc vuqikr gksxk :
BC
1 1
(1) (2) (3) N2 (4) N
N N2
Ans. (2)

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L
Sol. For a circular loop, L = 2R1, R1 =
2
0  0 
BL =   2
2R1 2L
for a circular coil of N identical turns
L
L = N2R2 R2 =
2N
0  
BC = N  N 0  2N
2R 2 2L

BL   2 2L 1
 0  
BC 2L N 0   2N N2

3. In a communication system operating at wavelength 800 nm, only one percent of source frequency is
available as signal bandwidth. The number of channels accommodated for transmitting TV signals of
band width 6 MHz are (Take velocity of light c = 3 × 108 m/s, h = 6.6 × 10–34 J-s]
 800 nm rjaxnS/ ;Z ij dk;Z djrs gq, ,d lapkj O;oLFkk esa flXuy dh dqy L=kks r vko`fÙk dk ek=k ,d izf r'kr cSaM
pkSM+kbZ ds fy, mi;ksx dj ldrs gSaA 6 MHz cSaM pkSM+kbZ ds TV flXuyksa okys fdrus pSUyksa dks blls lapkfjr fd;k
tk ldrk gSa \ (fn;k gS % c = 3 × 108 m/s, h = 6.6 × 10–34 J-s]
(1) 3.75 × 106 (2) 3.86 × 106 (3) 6.25 × 105 (4) 4.87 × 105
Ans. (3)
C 3  108
Sol. f= 
 800  10 9
1 3
Signal bandwidth =  f =  1013
100 8
3
 1013
No. of signal = 8  6.25  10 5
6  10 6

4. Two Carnot engines A and B are operated in series. The first one, A receives heat at T1 (=600 K) and
rejects to a reservoir at temperature T2. The second engine B receives heat rejected by the first engine
and, in turn, rejects to a heat reservoir at T3 (=400K). Calculate the temperature T2 if the work outputs
of the two engines are equal :
nks dkuksZ (Carnot) batu A rFkk B dks Js.khØe esa pyk;k tkrk gSA igyk batu A rkieku T1 (=600 K) ij Å"ek
ysrk gS o rkieku T2 ds ,d Å"ek HkaMkj dks Å"ek nsrk gSA nwljk batu B bl igys batu }kjk nh gqbZ Å"ek dks
ysdj rkieku T3 (=400K) ds Å"ek HkaMkj dks Å"ek nsrk gSA ;fn nksuksa batuksa dk dk;Z mRiknu cjkcj gS rks T2 dk
eku gksxk :
(1) 500 k (2) 300 K (3) 600 K (4) 400 K
Ans. (1)

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Sol.
w w

Q1 Q2 Q2 Q3

W = Q1 – Q2
W = Q2 – Q3
Q1 – Q2 = Q2 – Q3
Q1 + Q3 = 2Q2
Q1 Q3
 2
Q2 Q2
T1 T3 T  T3
  2  T2  1 = 500 K.
T2 T2 2

5. A rod of mass 'M' and length '2L' is suspended at its middle by a wire. It exhibits torsional oscillations ; If
two masses each of 'm' are attached at distance 'L/2' from its centre of both sides, it reduces the
oscillation frequency by 20%. The value of ratio m/M is close to :
 nzO;eku 'M' rFkk yEckbZ '2L' dh ,d NM+ dks mlds e/;fcUnq ls ,d rkj }kjk yVdk;k x;k gSA ;g NM+ ejksM+
nksyu djrh gSA ;fn izR ;sd nzO;eku 'm' ds nks fi.Mksa dks NM+ ds e/;fcUnq ls 'L/2' nwjh ij nksuksa rjQ tksM+rs gSa] rks
nksyu dh vko`fÙk 20% ?kV tkrh gSA vuqikr m/M dk lfUudV eku gksxk :
(1) 0.57 (2) 0.17 (3) 0.77 (4) 0.37
Ans. (4)
Sol.

L/2 L/2

m m
M

L L
1 c
f0 =
2  0
1 3c
f0 = ...........(1)
2 ML2
ML2 mL2
' = 2
3 4
1 c
f' = = 0.8 f 0 ...........(2)
2 M m
L2   
3 2
From equation (1) and (2)
m 9 3
   0.375
M 24 8

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6. A power transmission line feeds input power at 2300 V to a step down transformer with its primary
windings having 4000 turns. The output power is delivered at 230 V by the transformer. If the current in
the primary of the transformer is 5A and its efficiency is 90%, the output current would be :
 2300 V dh ,d 'kfDr lapj.k ykbu ,d vipk;h VªkWlQkeZj] ftlds izkFkfed dqaMyh esa 4000 Qsjsa gSa] dks 'kfDr
iznku djrh gSA VªkWlQkWeZj 230 V ds fuxZr foHko ij 'kfDr forj.k djrk gSA ;fn VªkWlQkWeZj dh izkFkfed dqaMyh esa
5A dh /kkjk gS rFkk bldh n{krk 90% gS] rks fuxZ r /kkjk dk eku gksxk : 
(1) 45 A (2) 25 A (3) 35 A (4) 50 A
Ans. (1)
esis
Sol.   100
epip

230  is
90   100
2300  5
i s = 45 A

7. In the given circuit the internal resistance of the 18v cell is negligible. If R1 = 400, R3 = 100  and
R4 = 500  and the reading of an ideal voltmeter across R4 is 5V, then the value of R2 will be :
fn;s x;s ifjiFk esa 18V dh lsy dk vkarfjd izfrjks/k ux.; gSA ;fn R1 = 400, R3 = 100  rFkk R4 = 500 gSA
vkSj R4 ij yxs ,d vkn'kZ oksYVehVj dk ikB;kad 5V gS] rks R2 dk eku gksxk :

R3 R5

R1

R2

18V

(1) 450  (2) 550  (3) 230  (4) 300 
Ans. (4)
Sol. V500 = 5V = 1R4
V
1 R3 R4

R1  100 500

400 2 R2

18V

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5 1
1  
500 100
 V100 = 1V
V = 1 + 5 = 6V
 V400 = 18 – 6 = 12V
12 3
 
400 100
3 1
2  
100 100
2

100
VR2  6V   2R2
6  100
R2 = = 300
2

8. The top of a water tank is open to air and its water level is maintained. It is giving out 0.74 m3 / min.
water per minute through a circular opening of 2 cm radius in its wall. The depth of the centre of the
opening from the level of water in the tank is close to :
 ikuh dh ,d Vadh Åij ls [kqyh gq;h gS rFkk blesa ikuh dk Lrj fLFkj gSA bldh nhokj esa mifLFkr ,d 2 cm
f=kT;k ds o`Ùkkdkj Nsn ls ikuh 0.74 m3 / min. dh nj ls cg jgk gSA bl Nsn ds dsUnz dh ikuh dh lrg ls xgjkbZ
dk lfUudV eku gksxk :
(1) 2.9 m (2) 9.6 m (3) 4.8 m (4) 6.0 m
Ans. (3)
Sol. Q = 0.74 m3/ min
0.74 3
= m / sec = AV =  × (0.02)2 × V
60
 V = 9.81 m/s
V2
h=  4 .8 m
2g

9. In Young's double slit experiment, the slits are placed 0.320 mm apart. Light of wavelength  = 500 nm
is incident on the slits. The total number of bright fringes that are observed in the angular range
– 30º <  < 30º is :
;ax ds ,d f}f>jh midj.k esa f>fjZ;ksa ds chp nwjh 0.320 mm gSA rjaxnS?;Z  = 500 nm dk izdk'k f>fjZ;ksa ij
iM+rk gSA dks.kh; ijkl –30º <  < 30º esa fn[kus okyh nhIr fÝatksa dh la[;k gksxh :
(1) 320 (2) 641 (3) 640 (4) 321
Ans. (2)
Sol. d sin  = n 
0.32  10 3  1 / 2 2500
n= = = 320
500  10  9 8
 nmax = 320
  Total number of maxima between the two lines
nks js[kkvksa ds e/; dqy mfPp"Bksa dh la[;k
= 2 × 320 + 1 = 641

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10. A carbon resistance has a following colour code. What is the value of the resistance ?
,d dkcZu izfrjks/k dk dyj dksM fuEu gSaA blds izfrjks/k dk eku gksxk :

GOY Golden

(1) 5.3 M + 5% (2) 530 k + 5% (3) 64 k + 10% (4) 6.4 M + 5%
Ans. (2)
Sol. 1st digit corresponding to green will be 5
2nd digit corresponding to orange will be 3
3rd digit corresponding to yellow will be 4
Tolerance corresponding to gold will be ±5%
 Resistance is 53 × 104 ± 5%
gjs jax ds fy, izFke la[;k 5 gksxh
ukjaxh jax ds fy, f}rh; la[;k 3 gksxh
ihys jax ds fy, r`rh; la[;k 4 gksxh
lqugjs jax ds fy, lfg".kqrk ±5% gksxh
 izfrjks/k 53 × 104 ± 5% gSA

11. The energy associated with electric field is (UE) and with magnetic field is (UB) for an electromagnetic
wave in free space. Then :
 ;fn eqDr vkdk'k esa ,d fo|qr pqEcdh; rjax ds fo|qr {ks=k esa fufgr ÅtkZ (UE) rFkk pqEcdh; {ks=k esa fufgr ÅtkZ
(UB) gS] rks :
U
(1) UE < UB (2) UE = B (3) UE > UB (4) UE = UB
2
Ans. (4)
Sol. Energy is equally distributed in electric field & magnetic field

12. A rod of length 50 cm is pivoted at one end. It is raised such that if makes an angle of 30º from the
horizontal as shown and released from rest. Its angular speed when it passes through the horizontal (in
rad s–1) will be (g = 10 m/s–2)
50 cm dh ,d NM+ ds ,d fljs dks dhyfdr fd;k gSa A bldks {kSf rt ls 30º dks .k ij] fp=kkuqlkj] mBkdj
fLFkjkoLFkk ls NksM+ fn;k tkrk gSa tc ;g NM+ {kSfrt voLFkk ls xqtjrh gS rks bldh dks.kh; pky dk rad s–1 esa eku
gksxk % (fn;k gS % g = 10 m/s–2)

30º


20 30 30
(1) 30 (2) (3) (4)
3 2 2
Ans. (1)

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Sol.

L/2 
L L
sin30 
 30° 2 4
O  

1 2 L
  Mg
2 4
1 ML2 2 L
   Mg
2 3 4
3 g 3  10
 2    30
2L 1
2
2
  30 rad/s

13. A particle is executing simple harmonic motion (SHM) of amplitude A, along the x-axis, about x = 0.
When its potential Energy (PE) equals kinetic energy (KE), the position of the particle will be : 
 ,d d.k x-v{k dh fn'kk esa, x = 0 ds lkis{k vk;ke A ls ljyvkorZ xfr dj jgk gSA tc bl d.k dh fLFkfrt ÅtkZ
rFkk xfrt ÅtkZ ds eku cjkcj gSa] rks d.k dh fLFkfr gksxh :
A A A
(1) (2) (3) A (4)
2 2 2 2
Ans. (4)
Sol. K.E. = P.E.
1 1
K(A2 – x2) = kx2
2 2
A2 – x2 = x2
A
x=±
2

14. The position co-ordinates of a particle moving in a 3-D coordinate system is given
by x = a cost
y = a sint
and z = at
The speed of the particle is :

,d f=kfoeh; funsZ'kkad fudk; esa xfr'khy ,d d.k ds fLFkfr funsZ'kkad fuEu gSa :
by x = a cost
y = a sint
and z = at
bl d.k dh xfr dk eku gksxk :
(1) 3a (2) 2a (3) 2a (4) a
Ans. (3)

Sol. r = A cos t î + A sin t ĵ + A t k̂

v = – A sin t î + A cos t ĵ + A  k̂

| v | = A (  sin t)2  (cos t)2  (1)2 = 2A

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15. The magnetic filed associated with a light wave is given, at the origin, by
B = B0 [sin(3.14 × 107)ct + sin (6.28 × 107)ct]. If this light falls on a sliver pate having a work function of
4.7 eV, what will be the maximum kinetic energy of the photo electrons ?
(c = 3 × 108 ms–1, h = 6.6 × 10–34 J-s)
ewyfcUnq ij ,d izdk'kh; rjax ds laxr pqEcdh; {ks=k fuEu gS %
B = B0 [sin(3.14 × 107)ct + sin (6.28 × 107)ct] ;fn ;g iz dk'k ,d pkWnh dh IysV] ftldk dk;Z Qyu 4.7 eV gS]
ij iM+rk gS rks blls mRlftZr QksVksbySVªkWuksa dh vf/kdre~ xfrt ÅtkZ D;k gksxh?
(fn;k gS %c = 3 × 108 ms–1, h = 6.6 × 10–34 J-s)
(1) 6.82 eV (2) 12.5 eV (3) 7.72 eV (4) 8.52 eV
Ans. (3)
Sol. B = B0[sin (3.14 × 107ct) + sin (6.28 × 107 ct)].
 = 2 × 107 × 3 × 108 = 2f
 f = 3 × 1015 Hz
C
 = 1000Å
f
12400
E eV  12.4eV
1000
K max  E   = 12.4 – 4.7 = 7.7 eV

16. A mass of 10 kg is suspended vertically by a rope form the roof. When a horizontal force is applied on
the rope at some point, the rope deviated at an angle of 45º at the roof point. If the suspended mass is
at equilibrium, the magnitude of the force applied is (g = 10 ms–2)
 Nr ls 10 kg ds ,d nzO;eku dks ,d jLlh ls Å/okZ/kj yVkdk;k x;k gSA jLlh ds fdlh fcUnq ij ,d {kSfrt cy
yxkus ls jLlh Nr okys fcUnq ij 45º dks.k ls fopfyr gks tkrh gSA ;fn yVdk gqvk nzO;eku lkE;koLFkk esa gS rks
yxk;s x;s cy dk eku gksxk : (fn;k gS % g = 10 ms–2)
(1) 200 N (2) 100 N (3) 140 N (4) 70 N
Ans. (2)
Sol.
T
45°

10kg F

100N
T
 100
2
T
F
2
F = 100 N

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17.  
Two point charges q1 10C and q2  25 C  are placed on the x-axis at x = 1 m and x = 4 m
respectively. The electric field (in V/m) at a point y = 3 m on y-axis is,
 1 
take   9  10 9 Nm 2C 2 
 4g 0 

 
nks fcUnq vkos'kksa q1 10C rFkk q2  25 C  dks x-v{k ij Øe'k% x = 1 m rFkk x = 4 m ij j[kk x;k gSA y-v{k
ij fcUnq y = 3 m ij fo|qr {ks=k dk eku (V/m esa) gksxk :
 1 
 fn; k gS   9  109 Nm2C 2  
 4g0 
 
(1)  81 î  81 ĵ  10 2  
(2) 81 î  81 ĵ  10 2  
(3)  63 î  27 ĵ  10 2  
(4) 63 î  27 ĵ  10 2
Ans. (4)
Sol.
E

10
3

x=1 x=4
Electric field due to charge 10C
10C vkos'k ds dkj.k fo|q r {ks=k
 9  109  10  10 6 1 9  109  10  106 3
E1    ˆi  
10 10 10 10
Electric field due to charge –25C
–25C vkos'k ds dkj.k fo|q r {ks=k

3

E


x=0 x=4

E2  Ecos  ˆi  E sin ˆj

9  109  25  10 6 4 ˆ 9  109  25  10 6 3 ˆ
  i  j
25  25 5

 36 27 ˆ 
  ˆi  j × 103 N/C
 5 5 

= (72 î – 54 ĵ ) × 102 N/C



Enet  (63iˆ  27ˆj) × 102 N/C

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18. A series AC circuit containing an inductor (20 mH), a capacitor (120 F) and a resistor (60) is driven
24 V
by an AC source of . The energy dissipated in the circuit in 60 s is :
50 Hz
 ,d Js.khc) izR;korhZ ifjiFk esa ,d izsjd (20 mH), ,d la/kkfj=k (120 F) rFkk ,d izfrjks/k (60) yxs gSa vkSj ;g
,d 24 V/ 50 Hz ds izR;korhZ L=kksr ls pkfyr gSa 60 s le; esa {kf;r ÅtkZ dk eku gksxk : 
(1) 3.39 × 103 J (2) 5.65 × 102 J (3) 5.17 × 102 J (4) 2.26 × 103 J
Ans. (3)
Sol.  = 2f = 100
XL = L = 6.28
1 250
XC = =
C 3
X = XC – XL
= 20.25
Z = R 2  X2
Irms = Vrms / Z
2  1 
Energy dissipated = irms R  t , t = 60 sec = 3000T  T   0.02s 
 f 
= 5.17 × 102 J

19. The energy required to take a satellite to a height 'h' above Earth surface (radius or Earth = 6.4 × 103
km) is E1 and kinetic energy required for the satellite to be in a circular orbit at this height is E 2. The
value of h for which E1 and E2 are equal is :
,d mixzg dks i`Foh dh lrg ls ÅWpkbZ h rd ykus esa E1 ÅtkZ yxrh gS rFkk bl mixzg dks bl ÅWpkbZ dh o`Ùkkdkj
d{kk esa j[kus ds fy, E2 ÅtkZ dh vko';drk gksrh gSA 'h' dk og eku] ftlds fy, E1 rFkk E2 cjkcj gSa] gksxka (fn;k
gS = 6.4 × 103 km) :
(1) 1.28 × 104 km (2) 6.4 × 103 km (3) 3.2 × 103 km (4) 1.6 × 103 km
Ans. (3)
GMe
Sol. V0 
(R  h)
1 GMem
KE = E2 = mv 2 
2 2 Re  h 
GmMe GMem
E1 – 
(Re ) (R e  h)
since E1 = E2
GMem GMem GMe m
– =–
2(Re  h) Re (Re  h)
3GMem GMem

2(Re  h) Re
3Re = 2Re + 2h
h = Re/2

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20. The pitch and the number of divisions, on the circular scale, for a given screw gauge are 0.5 mm and
100 respectively. When the screw gauge is fully tightened without any object, the zero of its circular
scale lies 3 divisions below the mean line. The readings of the main scale and the circular scale, for a
thin sheet are 5.5 mm and 48 respectively, the thickness of this sheet is :
 ,d ispekih dh fip rFkk o`Ùkh; iSekus ij Hkkxksa dh la[;k Øe'k% 0.5 mm rFkk 100 gSA tc ispekih dks fcuk fdlh
oLrq ds iwjh rjg dl fn;k tkrk gS] rks blds o`Ùkh; iSekus dk 'kwU; e/; js[kk ls rhu Hkkx uhps vkrk gSA ,d iryh
pknj dh eksVkbZ ds fy, bl ispekih ds eq[; iSekus rFkk o`Ùkh; iSeksu dk ikB~;kad] Øe'k% 5.5 mm rFkk 48 gSaA rks
pknj dh eksVkbZ gksxh :
(1) 5.740 mm (2) 5.950 mm (3) 5.725 mm (4) 5.755 mm
Ans. (4)
Sol. Pitch = 0.5 mm
0 .5
L.C. = mm
100
Actual value = 5.5 mm+ (48 + 3) × 5 × 10–3 mm
= 5.755 mm

21. A particle having the same charge as of electron moves in a circular path of radius 0.5 cm under the
influence of magnetic filed of 0.5 T. If an electric field of 100 V/m makes it to move in a straight path,
then the mass of the particle is (Given charge of electron = 1.6 × 10–19 C)
,d d.k] ftldk vkos'k bySDVªkWu ds vkos'k ds leku gSa] 0.5 T pqEcdh; {ks=k esa ,d 0.5 cm f=kT;k ds o`Ùkkdkj iFk
ij pyrk gSA ;fn 100 V/m dk fo|qr {ks=k yxkus ij ;g d.k ,d lh/kh js[kk esa pyrk gSa] rks d.k dk nzO;eku gksxk
: (fn;k gS bysDVªkWu dk vkos 'k = 1.6 × 10–19 C)
(1) 2.0 × 10–24 kg (2) 1.6 × 10–27 kg (3) 9.1 × 10–31 kg (4) 1.6 × 10–19 kg
Ans. (1)
Sol. qE = qVB ........(1)
mV
&r= ........(2)
qB
from (1) & (2) :
qB 2r
m=
E
1 .6  10 19  0.25  0.5  10 2
m=  2 × 10–24 kg
10 2

22. A 15 g mass of nitrogen gas is enclosed in a vessel at a temperature 27º C. Amount of heat transferred
to the gas, so that rms velocity of molecules is doubles, is about : [Take R = 8.3 J/K mole]
ukbVªkstu xSl dh 15 g ek=kk dks ,d ik=k esa 27º C ij j[kk gSA Å"ek dh og ek=kk] ftlls xSl ds v.kqvksa dk oxZ
ek/; ewy osx nks xquk gks tk;sxk] dk eku gksxkA [fn;k gS : R = 8.3 J/K mole]
(1) 0.9 kJ (2) 6 kJ (3) 14 kJ (4) 10 kJ
Ans. (4)
3RT
Sol. Vrms =  Vrms  T
M
To double the Vrms, Temp must be 4 times of the initial temperature
Vrms, nksxquh djus ds fy, rki izkjfEHkd rki dk 4 xquk djuk gksxk %&
T2 = 4 × 300 = 1200K
heat added = n Cv dT
15 5
= × × 8.314 × (1200 – 300)
28 2
= 10021.3J  10 kJ

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RB
23. At a given instant, say t = 0, two radioactive substances A and B have equal activities. The ratio of
RA
their activities after time t itself decays with time t as e–3t. If the half-life of A is n2, the half-life of B is : 
 fn;s x;s ,d {k.k] t = 0 ij nks jsfM;ks/kehZ inkFkksZ] A rFkk B, dh lfØ;rk cjkcj gSa le; t ds I'pkr~] budh lfØ;rk
RB
dk vuqikr le; t ds lkFk e–3t ds vuqlkj ?kVrk gSA ;fn A dh v/kZvk;q n2 gS] rks B dh v/kZvk;q gksxh :
RA

n2 n2
(1) (2) 2n2 (3) 4n2 (4)
4 2
Ans. (1)
Sol. A = N
Initially izkjEHk esa N = N0

AA = AB
 A N0 A   BN0B

n ( 2 )
(T1/ 2 )A 
A

n ( 2 )
n ( 2 ) 
A

A = 1
at time t le; ij

AB  BN0B e  Bt
 e 3 t =
AA  AN0 A e   A t

e–3t = e(  A B )t
– 3 = A – B
  B = 1 + 3 = 4
n (2) n(2)
(T1/ 2 )B  =
B 4

24. Expression for time in terms of G (universal gravitational constant), h (Planck constant) and c (speed of
light) is proportional to :
 G (lkoZf=kd xq:Rokd"kZ.k fu;rka d), h (Iykad fu;rka d) rFkk c (izdk'k dh xfr ds :i esa le; dk lerqY; la ca/k

fuEu esa fdlds lekuqikrh gksxk \

hc 5 Gh c3 Gh
(1) (2) 3
(3) (4)
G c Gh c5
Ans. (4)

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Sol. [t] = [G] [h]1 [c]d
a

[T'] = [M–1 L3 T–2]a [M1 L2 T–1] [L1 T–1]d


[T1] = [M–a+b L3a+2b+d T –2a – b –d]
–a+b=0
a=b .........(i)
3a + 2b + d = 0 ….....(ii)
–[2a + b + d ] =1
2a + b+ d = –1 ........(iii)
from equation (i) and (ii)
5a + d = 0
d = 5a
from equation (i) and (iii)
3a + d = –1
1
3a – 5a = –1  –2a = –1  a =
2
1 5
b= ; d= –
2 2
 1 1 –5 
time = G 2 h 2 C 2 
 

25. A musician using an open flute of length 50 cm produces second harmonic sound waves. A person
runs towards the musician from another end of a hall at a speed of 10 km/h. If the wave speed is 330
m/s, the frequency heard by the running person shall be close to :
 50 cm yEckbZ dh [kqys fljs dh ,d ckWlqjh ls ,d laxhrK f}rh; lUuknh /ofu rjaxsa mRiuu djrk gSA ,d O;fDr
d{k ds nwljs fljs ls laxhrK dh rjQ 10 km/h dh xfr ls nkSM+rk gSA ;fn /ofu dh xfr 330 m/s gS rks nkSM+rs gq;s
O;fDr }kjk lquh x;h vko`fÙk dk lfUudV eku gksxk : 
(1) 333 Hz (2) 753 Hz (3) 666 Hz (4) 500 Hz
Ans. (3)
V 330
Sol. f   660
L 1/ 2
V0 = 10 km/h
= 25/9 m/s
 V  V0   330  25 
f ' = f  = 660  = 665.55 666 Hz
 V   330 

A
26. Charge is distributed within a sphere of radius R with a volume charge density (r )  e 2r / a , where A
r2
and a are constant. If Q is the total charge of this charge distribution, the radius R is :

A
 f=kT;k R ds ,d xksys ij vkos'k forfjr gSa ftldk vk;rfud vkos'k ?kuRo (r )  e 2r / a ls fn;k tkrk gS] tgkW
r2
A rFkk a fu;rkad gSaA ;fn bl vkos'k forj.k dk dqy vkos 'k Q gS] rc f=kT;k R dk eku gS :
   
 1  a  1  a Q  Q 
 
(1) a log  (2) log  (3) log1   (4) a log1  
 1 Q  2  1 Q  2  2aA   2aA 
   
 2aA   2aA 
Ans. (2)

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Q R
Sol.  dq  4  r 2 dr(r)

0 0
R 2r
A 
Q=  4 r 2 e a dr

0
r2
R
2r
a  
Q = 4A e a 
2 
 0

  2R 
Q = 2aA e a  1
 
2R
Q 
a
 1 e
2aA
2R

a Q
e  1
2aA
2R  Q 
  n 1  
a  2aA 
2R 1
 n
a Q
1
2 aA
 
a  1 
R  n  
2  Q 
 1
 2aA 

27. A parallel plate capacitor with square plates is filled with four dielectrics of dielectric constants K1, K2,
K3, K4 arranged as shown in the figure. The effective dielectric constant K will b :

oxkZdkj IysVksa okys ,d lekUrj IysV la/kkfj=k dks fp=kkuqlkj pkj ijkoS|qrksa] ftuds ijkoS|qrkad K1, K2, K3, K4 gS] ls
Hkj fn;k tkrk gS rks izHkkoh ijkoS|qrkad K dk eku gksxk:

K1 K2 L/2

K3 K4 L/2

d/2 d/2

(K 1  K 4 ) (K 2  K 3 ) (K1  K 3 ) (K 2  K 4 )
(1) K  (2) K 
2(K 1  K 2  K 3  K 4 ) K1  K 2  K 3  K 4

(K 1  K 2 ) (K 3  K 4 ) (K 1  K 2 ) (K 3  K 4 )
(3) K  (4) K 
2(K 1  K 2  K 3  K 4 ) K1  K 2  K 3  K 4

Ans. (Bonus)

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Sol.
C1 C3 L/2

d/2

C2 C4

A
K1 0
2 K A
C1 =  1 0
d d
2
K A
C2 = 2 0
d
K 3 A0
C3 =
d
K 4 A0
C4 =
d
C1C3 C2 C4
Ceq = 
C1  C3 C2  C4
A0  K1K 3 K 2K 4  A0
Ceq = K eq   
d K
 1  K 3 K 2  K4  d

 KK K 2K 4 
K eq   1 3  
K
 1  K 3 K 2  K4 
According to this all options are incorrect fn;s x;s lHkh fodYi xyr gSA

28. A force acts on a 2 kg object so that its position is given as a function of time as x = 3t2 + 5. What is the
work done by this force in first 5 seconds ?
 2 kg nzO;eku ds ,d fi.M ij ,d cy yxkrs gS ftlls mldh fLFkfr dk le; ds lkFk ifjorZ u x = 3t2 + 5 gS A
bl cy }kjk izFke 5 lSd.M esa fd;k x;k dk;Z gksxk % 
(1) 850 J (2) 900 J (3) 875 J (4) 950 J
Ans. (2)
ds
Sol. V  6t
dt
1
Initial kinetic energy =  2  (0)2
2
1
izkjfEHkd xfrt ÅtkZ =  2  (0)2
2
1
Final kinetic energy =  2  (30)2
2
1
vfUre xfrt ÅtkZ =  2  (30)2
2
W = kf – ki = 900 J

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29. Ge and Si diodes start conducting at 0.3 V and 0.7 V respectively. In the following figure if Ge diode
connection are reversed, the value of V0 changes by : (assume that the Ge diode has large breakdown
voltage)
Ge rFkk Si ds Mk;ksM] Øe'k% 0.3 V rFkk 0.7 V ij lqpkyd gks tkrs gSA fn;s x;s fp=k esa Ge Mk;ksM ds fljksa dks
iyV fn;k tk;s rks foHko V0 esa ifjorZu dk eku gksxk : (eku ysa fd Ge Mk;ksM dh Hkatu oksYVrk vR;f/kd gSA)
Ge

V0

12 V Si


(1) 0.6 V (2) 0.2 V (3) 0.4 V (4) 0.8 V
Ans. (3)
Sol. For shown case V0 = 12 – 0.3 = 11.7
n'kkZ;h xbZ fLFkfr ds fy, V0 = 12 – 0.3 = 11.7
in second case V0 = 12 – 0.7 = 11.3
f}rh; fLFkfr ds fy, V0 = 12 – 0.7 = 11.3
So difference = 0.4 V
vr% vUrj = 0.4 V

30. In a car race on straight road, car A takes a time t less than car B at the finish and passes finishing
point with a speed 'v' more that that of car B. Both the cars start from rest and travel with constant
acceleration a1 and a2 respectively. Then 'v' is equal
,d lh/kh lM+d ij dkjksa dh ,d Li/kkZ esa] dkj A dks dkj B dh vis{kk var rd igqWpus esa t le; de yxrk gS rFk
vUr fcUnq ij mldh xfr dkj B ls 'v' vf/kd gksrh gSA nksuksa dkjsa fLFkjkolFkk ls fu;r Roj.k a1 rFkk a2 ls pyrh
gSA 'v' dk eku gksxk ; 
2a1a 2 a  a2
(1) t (2) 2a1a 2 t (3) 1 t (4) a1a 2 t
a1  a 2 2
Ans. (4)
1 1
Sol. S= a1 t 20 = a 2 t 0  t 2
2 2
a 1 
– a 2  2s  v
 1 1 
 –  2s  t
 a a1 
 2
a1 a 2 t
= 2s 
a1 – a 2

v a1 a 2 t
  v= a1a 2 t
a1 – a 2 a1 – a 2

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This sol uti on was download from Resonance JEE MAIN 2019 Solution portal PAGE # 16
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Resonance Eduventures Ltd.


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