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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Date: 09 January, 2019 (SHIFT-2) | TIME : (2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m)

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360


SUBJECT : CHEMISTRY

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| JEE MAIN-2019 | DATE : 09-01-2019 (SHIFT-2) | CHEMISTRY

PART : CHEMISTRY
Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)
This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1. Homoleptic octahedral complexes of a metal ion 'M 3+' with three monodentate ligands L1, L2 and L3
absorb wavelengths in the region of green, blue and red respectively. The increasing order of the ligand
strength is :
(1) L1 < L2 < L3 (2) L3 < L2 < L1 (3) L2 < L1 < L3 (4) L3 < L1 < L2
rhu ,dnarqj fyxUMksa L1, L2 rFkk L3 ds lkFk cus ,d /kkrq vk;u 'M ' ds gkseksysfIVd v"VQyd ladqy Øe'k% gjs]
3+

uhys ,oa yky {ks=k ds rjaxnS/;Z vo'kksf"kr djrs gSaA fyxUMksa dh izcyrk dk c<+rk Øe gS%
(1) L1 < L2 < L3 (2) L3 < L2 < L1 (3) L2 < L1 < L3 (4) L3 < L1 < L2
Ans. (4)
Sol.  Blue < Green < Red
 L2 < L1 < L3
Absorption L2 > L1 > L3
 Ligand strength = L2 > L1 > L3
Sol.  uhyk < gjk < yky
 L2 < L1 < L3
vo'kks"k.k L2 > L1 > L3
 fyxs.M lkeF;Z = L2 > L1 > L3

2. Which of the following combination of statements is true regarding the interpretation of the atomic
orbitals?
(a) An electron in an orbital of high angular momentum stays away from the nucleus than an
electron in the orbitals of lower angular momentum.
(b) For a given value of the principal quantum number, the size of the orbit is inversely proportional
to the azimuthal quantum number.
h
(c) According to wave mechanics, the ground state angular momentum is equal to .
2
(d) The plot of  Vs r for various azimuthal quantum numbers, show peak shifting towards higher
value.
ijek.kq d{kdksa dh O;k[;k ls lacaf/kr dkSu ls la;qDr dFku lR; gS\
(a) de dks.kh; laosx okys d{kd ds bysDVªkWu dh rqyuk esa vf/kd dks.kh; laosx okys d{k des bysDVªku ukfHkd
ls nwj jgrk gSA
(b) eq[; DokaVe la[;k ds ,d fn;s eku ds fy, d{k dk vkeki fcxa'kh DokaVe la[;k ds O;qRØekuqikrh gksrk gSA
h
(c) rjax ;kaf=kdh ds vuqlkj fuEu voLFkk dks.kh; laosx ds cjkcj gksrk gSA
2
(d) fofHkUu fcxa'kh DokaVe la[;kvksa ds fy,  Vs r dk IykV vf/kd r eku dh vksj ihd ¼f'k[kj½ foLFkfir gksuk
iznf'kZr djrk gSA
(1) (b), (c) (2) (a), (c) (3) (a), (d) (4) (a), (b)

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Ans. (2)
nh
Sol. mvr =
2
h
According to wave mechanics, the ground state angular momentum is equal to .
2
nh
Sol. mvr =
2
h
rjax ;kaf=kdh ds vuqlkj fuEu voLFkk dks.kh; laosx ds cjkcj gksrk gSA
2

3. For the reaction, 2A + B  products, when the concentration of A and B both were doubled, the rate of
the reaction increased from 0.3 mol L–1s–1 to 2.4 mol L–1s–1. When the concentration of A alone is
doubled, the rate increased from 0.3 mol L–1s–1 to 0.6 mol L–1s–1 .
Which one of the following statements is correct?
(1) Order of the reaction with respect to B is 1 (2) Order of the reaction with respect to B is 2
(3) Total order of the reaction is 4 (4) Order of the reaction with respect to A is 2
vfHkfØ;k] 2A + B  products ds fy,] tc A rFkk B nksuksa dh lkUnzrk nksxquh dh xbZ] rc vfHkfØ;k dh nj 0.3
mol L–1s–1 ls c<+dj 2.4 mol L–1s–1 gks x;hA tc dsoy A dh lkanzrk nksxquh dh xbZ rc nj 0.3 mol L–1s–1 ls
c<+dj 0.6 mol L–1s–1 gks xbZA
fuEu es dkSulk dFku lR; gS\
(1) vfHkfØ;k dh dksfV B ds lkis{k esa 1 gSA (2) vfHkfØ;k dh dksfV B ds lkis{k esa 2 gSA
(3) dqy vfHkfØ;k dh dksfV 4 gSA (4) vfHkfØ;k dh dksfV A ds lkis{k esa 2 gSA
Ans. (2)
Sol. 2A + B  products mRikn.
r = K[A]x [B]y
0.3 = K[A]x [B]y ….(1)
2.4 = K[2A]x [2B]y ….(2)
( 2)
 8 = 2x × 2y
(1)
Or, 8 = 2x+y  x + y = 3
x=1 y=2

4. The correct statement regarding the given Ellingham diagram is :

4Cu+O22Cu2O
Gº(KJ/mol)

–300
2C+O22CO
–600
2Zn+O2 2ZnO

4/3Al+O22/3Al2O3
–1050
800ºC
500ºC Temp,(ºC) 2000ºC

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(1) At 1400ºC, Al can be used for the extraction of Zn from ZnO
(2) Coke cannot be used for the extraction of Cu from Cu2O
(3) At 800ºC, Cu can be used for the extraction of Zn from ZnO
(4) At 500ºC, coke can be used for the extraction of Zn from ZnO
fn, x;s vkjs[kh; ,fya?ke ds laca/k es lR; dFku gS%

4Cu+O22Cu2O
Gº(KJ/mol)

–300
2C+O22CO
–600
2Zn+O2 2ZnO

4/3Al+O22/3Al2O3
–1050
800ºC
500ºC Temp,(ºC) 2000ºC
(1) ZnO ls Zn dk fu"d"kZ.k 1400ºC ij Al dk iz;ksx djds fd;k tk ldrk gSA
(2) Cu2O ls Cu dk fu"d"kZ.k dksd dk iz;ksx djds ugha fd;k tk ldrk gSA
(3) ZnO ls Zn dk fu"d"kZ.k 800ºC ij Cu dk iz;ksx djds fd;k tk ldrk gSA
(4) ZnO ls Zn dk fu"d"kZ.k 500ºC ij dksd iz;ksx djds fd;k tk ldrk gSA
Ans. (1)
4 2
Sol. Al + 2ZnO  2Zn + Al2O3
3 3
G for the above reaction is (–)ve.
mijksDr vfHkfØ;k ds fy,G (–)ve gSA

5. A solution containing 62 g ethylene glycol in 250 g water is cooled to –10ºC. If Kf for water is 1.86 K kg
mol–1, the amount of water (in g) separated as ice is:
,d foy;u ftles 62 g bfFkyhu XykbdkWy 250 g ikuh esa gS] dks –10ºC rd BaMk fd;k x;kA ;fn ikuh dk Kf 1.86
K kg mol–1 gks] rc cQZ ds :i es vyx gq, ikuh dh ek=kk (g esa) gS%
(1) 16 (2) 32 (3) 48 (4) 64
Ans. (4)
Sol. Let x gram water is separated out
ekuk x xzke ty dks i`Fkd fd;k tkrk gSA
Tf = Kfm
1 1000
10 = 1.86 ×
(250  x )
or ;k, 2500 – 10x = 1860
or ;k, 10x = 640
or ;k, x = 64 g.

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6. The major product obtained in the following reaction is :


OH

(CH3CO)2O/Pyridine (1 eqv.)
NH2 room temperature

fuEu vfHkfØ;k esa izkIr gksus okyk eq[; mRikn gS%


OH

(CH3CO)2O/fijhfMu (1 eqv.)
NH2 dejs ds rki ij
OCOCH3 COCH3
OH

(1) (2)
NH2 NH2
OH

(3) (4)
NHCOCH3 NHCOCH3
Ans. (4)
OH OH

(CH3CO)2O/Pyridine (1 eqv.)
Sol.
NH2 room temperature NHCOCH3

 
 NH 2  OH

is order of Nucleophilicity. 

 
ukfHkdLusfgrk dk Øe NH 2  OH

gSA

7. In which of the following processes, the bond order has increased and paramagnetic character has
changed to diamagnetic?
uhps fn, x, fdl izØe esa] vkca/k dksfV c<+ x;h vkSj vuqpqacdh; xq.k izfrpqacdh; esa cny x;k\
+ 2– + +
(1) NO  NO (2) O2  O2 (3) O2  O2 (4) N2  N2
Ans. (1)
Sol. NO 15e paramagnetic B.O. = 2.5
NO+ 14e diamagnetic B.O. = 3
NO 15e vuqpqEcdh; B.O. = 2.5
NO+ 14e izfrpqEcdh; B.O. = 3

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8. Which of the following compounds is not aromatic?


fuEu es ls dkSu lk ;kSfxd ,sjkseSfVd ugha gS\

(1) (2) (3) (4)


N N
 
H
Ans. (1)
+
Sol. has 4e–, hence antiaromatic
+
4e– j[krk gS blfy, izfr,sjksesfVdA

9. Consider the following reversible chemical reactions :


fuEu mRØe.kh; vfHkfØ;kvksa ij fopkj djsa%
K1
A2(g) + B2(g) 2AB(g) ……1)
K2
6AB(g) 3A2(g) + 3B2(g) ……(2)
The relation between K1 and K2 is :
K1 ,oa K2 ds chp laca/k gS%
1
(1) K1K2 = (2*) K2 = K1–3 (3) K1K2 = 3 (4) K2 = K13
3
Ans. (2)
Sol. (2) = 3 × (–(1))
3
 1 
 K2 =    K2 = K1–3
 K1 

10. If the standard electrode potential for a cell is 2 V at 300 K, the equilibrium constant (K) for the reaction
Zn(s) + Cu2+ (aq) Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s)
at 300 K is approximately
(R = 8 JK–1mol, F = 96000 C mol–1)
,d lsy dk 300 K ij ekud bysDVªksM foHko 2 V gSA vfHkfØ;k
Zn(s) + Cu2+ (aq) Zn2+(aq) + Cu(s)
fy, rki ij lkE;koLFkk fLFkjkad (K) yxHkx
(R = 8 JK–1mol, F = 96000 C mol–1)
(1) e320 (2) e –80 (3) e160 (4) e–160
Ans. (3)
Sol. Gº = –RTlnK
–2 × 96000 × 2 = –8 × 300 × lnK
or ;k, lnK = 160
or ;k, K = e160

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11. Which of the following conditions in drinking water causes methemobinemia?


(1) > 100 ppm of sulphate (2) > 50 ppm of lead
(3) > 50 ppm of nitrate (4) > 50 ppm of chloride
ihus ds ikuh ls esFkseksXyksfcusfe;k gksus ds dkj.k dh 'krZ gS%
(1) > 100 ppm of lYQsV (2) > 50 ppm ysM
(3) > 50 ppm of ukbVªsV (4) > 50 ppm DyksjkbM
Ans. (3)

12. The tests performed on compound X and their inferences are :


Test Inference
(a) 2, 4-DNP test Coloured
(b) Iodoform test yellow precipitate
(c) Azo-dry test No dry formation
Compound 'X' is :
H3C CH3
N NH2
COCH3
(1) (2) CHO

H3C CH3
NH2 OH N

(3) CH3 (4) CHO

;kSfxd X ij fd;s x;s ijh{k.k fuEu fu"d"kZ nsrs gSa%


ijh{k.k fu"d"kZ
(a) 2, 4-DNP ijh{k.k jaxhu vo{ksi
(b) vk;MksQkeZ ijh{k.k ihyk vo{ksi cuuk
(c) ,stks&MkbZ ijh{k.k Mkb ugha cuuk
;kSfxd 'X' gS%
H3C CH3
N NH2
COCH3
(1) (2) CHO

H3C CH3
NH2 OH N

(3) CH3 (4) CHO

Ans. (1)

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O

H3C CH3 C– hence gives 2,4-DNP test


Sol. has
N
COCH3 O
C
has CH3 hence gives Iodofrom test

Me
–N Not in the plane of benzene hence no dye test
Me

Sol. H3C CH3 C– lewg j[krk gS vr% 2,4-DNP ijh{k.k nsrk gSA
N
COCH3 O
C
CH3 lewg j[krk gS vr% vk;ksMksQkWeZ ijh{k.k ugha nsrk gSA

Me
–N lewg csfUtu ds ry es ugha gS vr% jspd ijh{k.k ugha nsxkA
Me

13. For the following reaction, the mass of water produced from 445 g of C 57H110O6 is :
fuEu vfHkfØ;k ds fy,] 445 g C57H110O6 ls mRikfnr ty dk nzO;eku gS%
2C57H110O6(s) + 163O2(g)  114CO2(g) + 110H2O(l)
(1) 490 g (2) 445 g (3) 495 g (4) 890 g
Ans. (3)
Sol. 2C57H110O6(s) + 163O2(g)  114CO2(g) + 110H2O ()
1
445 g = mole
2
110 1 110 18
× mole = g = 495 g.
2 2 4

14. At 100ºC, copper (Cu) has FCC unit cell structure with cell edge length of x Å. What is the approximate
density of Cu (in g cm –3) at this temperature? [Atomic mass of Cu = 63.55 u]
100ºC ij dkij (Cu), x Å dksf"Bdk dksj dh yEckbZ okys FCC ,dd dksf"Bdk lajpuk j[krk gSA bl rki ij Cu dk
?kuRo (g cm–3 esa) yxHkx gksxk% [Cu dk ijek.kq Hkkj = 63.55 u]
205 105 422 211
(1) (2) (3) (4)
x3 x3 x3 x3
Ans. (3)
ZM 4  63.55 422
Sol. d= or, d = or, d = g/ml.
NA  a3 6  1023  ( x  10 8 )3 x3

15. The increasing basicity order of the following compounds is :


fuEufyf[kr ;kSfxdksa esa {kkjdrk dk c<+rk Øe gS%
CH2CH3 CH3 CH3
(A) CH3CH2NH2 (B) CH3CH2NH (C) H3C–N–CH3 (D) Ph–N–H

(1) (A) < (B) < (C) < (D) (2) (D) < (C) < (B) < (A)
(3) (A) < (B) < (D) < (C) (4) (D) < (C) < (A) < (B)
Ans. (4)

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CH3 CH3
Sol. CH3–CH2–NH > CH3–CH2–NH2 > CH3–N–CH3 > Ph–N–H
CH2–CH3

16. Good reducing nature of H3PO2 is attributed to the presence of :


(1) One P–H bond (2) One P–OH bond
(3) Two P–OH bonds (4) Two P–H bonds
H3PO2 dh vPNh vipk;d izo`fÙk fdudh mifLFkfr ds dkj.k gS\
(1) ,d P–H vkca/k (2) ,d P–OH vkca/k
(3) nks P–OH vkca/k (4) nks P–H vkca/k
Ans. (4)
Sol. H3PO2
O
P (Two P–H bond) (nks P–H cU/k)
HO H
H

17. The major product of the following reaction is :


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS%
O

C
NH2 (i) Br2/hv
(ii) KOH (dil)
CH2CH3
NH NH
(1) (2)
CH3
O
O
(3) NH (4)
NH
CH3
Ans. (3)
O O O
C C
NH2 Br2/h  NH2 C
Sol.
NH
CH2–CH3 CH–CH3 CH
Br CH3

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18. The metal that forms nitride by reacting directly with N2 of air, is :
og /kkrq tks gok dh N2 ls lh/ks vfHkfØ;k dj ukbVªkbM cukrk gS] gS%
(1) Li (2) Cs (3) K (4) Rb
Ans. (1)
Sol. 6Li + N2  2Li3N

19. The products formed in the reaction of cumene with O2 followed by treatment with dil. HCl are :
O CH3
O
(1) and (2) and CH3–OH
H3C CH3
OH OH
O OH
(3) and (4) and
H3C CH3 H3C CH3
D;wehu dh O2 ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k djus ds rRi'pkr~ ruq HCl ds lkFk foospu djus ij cuus okys mRikn gS%
O CH3
O
(1) rFkk (2) rFkk CH3–OH
H3C CH3
OH OH
O OH
(3) rFkk (4) rFkk
H3C CH3 H3C CH3
Ans. (3)
OH

O2 H O
O
Sol. 
 O–OH  
3
+
h

20. The transition element that has lowest enthalpy of atomisation, is :


U;wure d.ku ,UFkSYih j[kus okyk laØe.k rRo gS%
(1) V (2) Fe (3) Zn (4) Cu
Ans. (3)
Sol. Due to weak metallic bonding.
nqcZy /kkfRod ca/ku ds dkj.kA

21. For coagulation of arsenious sulphide sol, which one of the following salt solution will be most effective?
vklsZfu;l lYQkbV dk Ldanu fuEu es ls fdl yo.k ds ?kksy ls lcls vf/kd izHkkodkjh gksxk\
(1) Na3PO4 (2) AlCl3 (3) BaCl2 (4) NaCl
Ans. (2)
Sol. As2S3 sol is a negatively charged sol. So AlCl3 is the most effective coagulating agent.
As2S3 lkWy _.kkosf'kr lkWy gS blfy, AlCl3 lokZf/kd izHkkoh LdUnudkjh gSA

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22. The correct sequence of amino acids present in the tripeptide given below is :
uhps fn;s VªkbZisIVkbM esa ,sehuks vEyksa dk lgh Øe gS %
Me Me Me OH
O
H
N OH
H2N N C
H
O
OH O
(1) Val - Ser - Thr (2) Leu - Ser - Thr (3) Thr - Ser - Leu (4) Thr - Ser - Val
Ans. (1)
Me Me

Sol. OH  Valine ¼osyhu½


H2N
O
O
NH2  Serine ¼lsfju½
OH
OH
Me OH

NO2 C—OH  Threonine ¼fFkfj;ksfuu½


O

23. The complex that has highest crystal field splitting energy (), is :
vf/kdre fØLVy {ks=k foikVu ÅtkZ () j[kus okyk ladqy gS%
(1) K2[COCl4] (2) [CO(NH3)5(H2O)]Cl3
(3) [CO(NH3)5Cl]Cl2 (4) K3[CO(CN)6]
Ans. (4)
Sol. CN– is strong ligand, So [Co(CN)6]–3 have maximum CFSE
CN– izcy fyxS.M gS vr% [Co(CN)6]–3 vf/kdre CFSE j[krk gSA
24. The correct match between Item I and Item II is :
Item I Item II
(A) Benzaldehyde (P) Mobile phase
(B) Alumina (Q) Adsorbent
(C) Acetonitrile (R) Adsorbate
(1) (A) (Q); (B)  (R); (C)  (P) (2) (A) (R); (B)  (Q); (C)  (P)
(3) (A) (Q); (B)  (P); (C)  (R) (4) (A) (P); (B)  (R); (C)  (Q)
en I rFkk en II ds chp lgh lqesy gS%
en I en II
(A) csatkfYMgkbM (P) xfr'khy izkoLFkk
(B) ,Y;wfeuk (Q) vf/k'kks"kd
(C) ,flVksukbVkby (R) vf/k'kks";
(1) (A) (Q); (B)  (R); (C)  (P) (2) (A) (R); (B)  (Q); (C)  (P)
(3) (A) (Q); (B)  (P); (C)  (R) (4) (A) (P); (B)  (R); (C)  (Q)
Ans. (2)

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25. The entropy change associated with the conversion of 1 kg of ice at 273 K to water vapours at 383 K is:
(Specific heat of water liquid and water vapour are 4.2 kJ K –1kg–1 and 2.0 kJ K–1 kg–1; heat of liquid
fusion and vapourisation of water are 334 kJ kg–1 and 2491 kJ kg–1, respectively). (log 273 = 2.436, log
373 = 2.572, log 383 = 2.583)
273 K ij 1 kg cQZ dks 383 K ds ty Hkki es cnyus ij ,aVªkih es ifjorZu gksxk% ¼ty rFkk Hkki dh fof'k"V Å"ek
Øe'k% 4.2 kJ K–1kg–1 ,oa 2491 kJ kg–1 gSa( laxyu dh Å"ek rFkk ikuh dh ok"ihdj.k Å"ek Øe'k% 334 kJ kg–1 ,oa
2491 kJ kg–1 gS½ (log 273 = 2.436, log 373 = 2.572, log 383 = 2.583)
(1) 8.49 kJ kg–1 K–1 (2) 9.26 kJ kg–1 K–1 (3) 2.64 kJ kg–1 K–1 (4) 7.90 kJ kg–1 K–1
Ans. (2)
334 373 2491 383
Sol. S = +4.2 ln + +2ln
273 273 373 373
= 1.2234 + 2.303 × 4.2 (2.572 – 2.436) + 6.678 + 2×2.303 (2.583 – 2.572)
= 7.9014 + 1.315 + 0.05 = 9.267 KJkg–1K–1.

26. The major product of the following reaction is :


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS%
OH
O
CH3
AlCl3.
O +

OH OH
OH OH
CH3 H3C
CH3 CH3
(1) (2) (3) (4) O
O O
O
Ans. (3)
OH
OH
O CH3
CH3
AlCl3.
Sol. O +

27. The pH of rain water, is approximately :


o"kkZ ds ikuh dh pH yxHkx gS%
(1) 7.0 (2) 6.5 (3) 7.5 (4) 5.6
Ans. (4)

28. The temporary hardness of water is due to :


ikuh dh vLFkk;h dBksjrk dk dkj.k gS%
(1) CaCl2 (2) Ca(HCO3)2 (3) NaCl (4) Na2SO4
Ans. (2)
Sol. Bicarbonates of Ca and Mg cause temporary hardness to water.
Ca rFkk Mg ds ckbZdkcksZusVks ds dkj.k ty dh vLFkk;h dBksjrk gksrh gSA

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29. When the first electron gain enthalpy (eg H) of oxygen is –141 kJ/mol, its second electron gain enthalpy
is :
(1) almost the same as that of the first (2) negative, but less negative than the first
(3) a more negative value than the first (4) a positive value
;fn vkWDlhtu dh izFke bysDVªkWu yfC/k ,sFkSYih (eg H) dk eku –141 kJ/mol gS] blds f}rh; bysDVªku yfC/k ,UFkSYih
dk eku gS%
(1) igys eku ds yxHkx cjkcj (2) _.kkRed ysfdu igys ls de _.kkRed
(3) igys ls vkSj _.kkRed (4) /kukRed
Ans. (4)
Sol. Second electron gain enthalpy of oxygen is a positive value.
vkWDlhtu dh f}rh; bysDVªkWu xzg.k ,sUFkSYih dk /kukRed eku gksrk gSA

30. The major product formed in the following reaction is :


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS%
O CH3
O
dil. NaOH
H3C H +

O HO
OH O
H
(1) H3C (2)
H3C H
OH O O OH

(3) H3C (4) H3C

Ans. (3)
O OH O
O
C–CH3
Sol. CH3—C—H +   H3C
dil NaOH

Example of cross Aldol condensation.


ØkWl ,YMksy la?kuu dk mnkgj.kA

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