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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Date: 10 January, 2019 (SHIFT-2) | TIME : (2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m)

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360


SUBJECT : CHEMISTRY

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| JEE MAIN-2019 | DATE : 10-01-2019 (SHIFT-2) | CHEMISTRY

PART : CHEMISTRY
Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)
This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1. Elevation in the boiling point for 1 molal solution of glucose is 2 k. The depression in the freezing point
for 2 molal solution of glucose in the same solvent is 2 k. the relation between k b and Kf is :
Xywdksl ds 1 eksyy foy;u ds DoFkukad es mUu;u 2 k gSA Xywdksl ds mlh foyk;d esa 2 eksyy foy;u ds fgekad
esa voueu 2 k gSA kb rFkk Kf esa laca/k gS%
(1) Kb= 0.5Kf (2) Kb =Kf (3) Kb = 1.5 Kf (4) kb = 2 kf
Ans. (4)
Sol. Tb = ikb m  2 = ikb × 1 ………(1)
Tf = ikf m  2 = ikf × 2 ………(2)
1/2
k
1= b
2k f
kb = 2 kf

2. What is the IUPAC name of the following compound?


CH3 CH3

H
H CH3
Br
(1) 2-Bromo-3- methylpent-3-ene (2) 3-Bromo-1, 2-dimethylbut-1-ene
(3) 4-Bromo-3- methylpent-2-ene (4) 3-bromo-3-methyl-1, 2-dimethyprop-1-ene
fuEufyf[kr ;kSfxd dk IUPAC uke D;k gS?
CH3 CH3

H
CH3
Br
(1) 2-czkseks-3-esfFkyisUV-3-bZu (2) 3-czkseks-1, 2-MkbesfFkyC;wV-1-bZu
(3) 4-czkseks-3-esfFkyisUV-2-bZu (4) 3-czkseks -3-methyl-1, 2-MkbesfFkyizksi-1-bZu
Ans. (3)
Sol. IUPAC refer
1
H3C CH3
2 3
4 H
(4-Bromo-3-methyl pent-2-ene) (4-czkseks-3-esfFky isUV -2-bu)
H3C
5 Br

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3. In the reaction of oxalate with permanganate in acidic medium, the number of electrons involved in
producing one molecule of CO2 is :
vEyh; ek/;e esa vkDlSysV dh ijeSaxusV ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k esa] CO2 ds ,d v.kq dks cukus esa fufgr bysDVªkWuksa dh
la[;k gS:
(1) 5 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) 10
Ans. (2)
Sol. 2 MnO4– + 5C2O42–  10 CO2 + 2 Mn2+
Total 10e– transfer for 10 molecules of CO2
Hence for 1 molecule of CO2, only one e– is transferred.
Sol. 2 MnO4– + 5C2O42–  10 CO2 + 2 Mn2+
CO2 ds 10 v.kqvksa ds fy;s dqy 10 e– LFkkukUrfjr gksrs gSaA
blfy;s CO2 ds 1 v.kq ds fy;s dsoy 1 e– LFkkukUrfjr gksrk gSA
4. Which of the following tests cannot be used for identifying amino acids?
(1) Biuret test (2) Barfoed test (3) Ninhydrin test (4) xanthoproteic test
,ehuksa vEyksa dks igpkuus ds fy, fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu ls ijh{k.k dk mi;ksx ugha dj ldrs gS?
(1) ckb;wjsV ijh{k.k (2) ckQksZM ijh{k.k (3) fuugkbfMªu ijh{k.k (4) tSUFkksizksVhbd ijh{k.k
Ans. (2)
Sol. Barfoed test is given by reducing sugar.
ckQksZM ijh{k.k vipk;d 'kdZjk }kjk n'kkZ;k tkrk gSA
5. In the cell
Pt(s) | H2(g,1bar) | HCl(aq) | AgCl (s) | Ag(s)| Pt(s)
The cell potential is 0.92 V when a 10–6 molal HCl solution is used . The standard electrode potential of
( Ag Cl / Ag, Cl–) electrode is :
 2.303RT 
Given,  0.06Vat298k 
 F 
fuEufyf[kr lsy esa
Pt(s) | H2(g,1bar) | HCl(aq) | AgCl (s) | Ag(s)| Pt(s)
10–6 molal HCl foy;u dk mi;ksx gksrk gS rks lsy dk foHko 0.92 V gSA ( Ag Cl / Ag, Cl–) bysDVªksM dk ekud
bysDVªksM foHko gS:
 2.303RT 
 fn;k x;k gS,  0.06V 298k ij 
 F 
(1) 0.76 V (2) 0.20 V (3) 0.94 V (4) 0.40 V
Ans. (2)
1
Sol. A : H2 (g)  H+ (aq.) + e– E° = 0.0 V
2
C : AgCl (s) + e–  Ag (s) + Cl– E° = x V
0.0591
Ecell = E°cell – log {[H+] [Cl–]}
1
0.06
0.92 = x – log (10–12)
1
0.92 = x + 0.72
x = 0.92 – 0.72 = 0.2 Volts

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6 An aromatic compound ‘A’ having molecular formula C7 H6 O2 on treating with aqueous ammonia and
heating forms compounds ‘B’. The compound B on reaction with molecular bromine and potassium
hydroxide provides compound ‘C’ having molecular formula C6H7N. The structure of ‘A’ is:
,d dkcZfud ;kSfxd ‘A’ ftldk vkf.od lw=k C7 H6 O2 gS] tyh; veksfu;k ds lkFk xeZ djus ij ;kSfxd ‘B’ cukrk
gSA ;kSfxd 'B' vkf.od czksehu rFkk iksVsf'k;e gkbMªkDlkbM ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k djds ;kSfxd ‘C’ nsrk gS ftldk
vkf.od lw=k C6H7N gSA ‘A’ dh lajpuk gS:
COOH OHC
(1) (2)
OH

CHO

(3) (4)
OH CH=CH-CHO
Ans. (1)
O
COOH C
NH2 NH2
NH3 /  Br / NaOH
Sol. 
 2 
x

7. The amount of sugar (C12 H22 O11) required to prepare 2 L of its 0.1 M aqueous solutions is:
'kdZjk ds nks yhVj 0.1 M tyh; foy;u dks cukus ds fy, 'kdZjk (C12H22O11) dh vko';d ek=kk gS:
(1) 68.4 g (2) 34.2 g (3) 17.1 g (4) 136.8 g
Ans. (1)
Sol. Moles of sucrose required = 2 × 0.1 = 0.2
lwØksl ds vko';d eksy = 2 × 0.1 = 0.2
wt. = 0.2 × 342 g = 68.4 g

8. The reaction that is NOT involved in the ozone layer depletion mechanism in the stratosphere is:
lerkieaMy esa vkstksu ijrksa ds vo{k; esa tks vfHkfØ;k ugha lfEefyr gksrh gS] og gS:
h
 
(1) HOCl(g)   OH (g) + Cl (g)
h
 
(2) CF2Cl2(g)   Cl (g) + CF2Cl (g)
 
(3) ClO (g) + O(g)  Cl (g) + O2 (g)
(4) CH4 + 2O3  3CH2=O + 3H2O
Ans. (4)
Sol. Factual
okLrfod

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9. The major product obtained in the following reaction is;


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k esa izkIr gksus okyk dkSulk lk eq[; mRikn gS?
CO2Et
NaOEt/
O  
O
O O

(1) (2)
CO2Et
CO2Et
O O
(3) (4)
CO2Et
CO2Et
Ans. (4)
CO2Et
NaOEt O
Sol. O  
O 
COOEt
Intramolecular aldol condensation
vUr%v.kqd ,YMksy la?kuu
10. A compounds of formula A2B3 has the hcp lattice. Which atom forms the hcp lattice and what fraction of
tetrahedral voids is occupied by the other atoms;
2 1
(1) hcp lattice –A, Tetrahedral voids-B (2) hcp lattice –B, Tetrahedral voids-A
3 3
2 1
(3) hcp lattice –B, Tetrahedral voids-A (4) hcp lattice –A, Tetrahedral voids-B
3 3
A2B3 lw=k okys ,d ;kSfxd esa hcp tkyd gSA dkSu lk ijek.kq hcp tkyd cukrk gS rFkk prq"Qydh; fjfDr;ksa dk
dkSu lk va'k nwljs ijek.kq }kjk v/;kflr gksrk gS;
2 1
(1) hcp tkyd –A, prq"Qydh; fjfDr;k¡ -B (2) hcp tkyd –B, prq"Qydh; fjfDr;k¡-A
3 3
2 1
(3) hcp tkyd –B, prq"Qydh; fjfDr;k¡-A (4) hcp tkyd –A, prq"Qydh; fjfDr;k¡-B
3 3
Ans. (2)
Sol. B forms HCP  No. of B = 6
1 1
A occupies TV  No. of A = ×12 = 4
3 3
 Formula = A4B6 = A2B3
Sol. B, HCP tkyd cukrk gS  B dh la[;k = 6
1 1
A TV ?ksjrk gS  A dh la[;k = ×12 = 4
3 3
 lw=k = A4B6 = A2B3

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11. Which is the most suitable reagent for the following transformation?
OH
|
CH3 – CH =CH – CH2 –CH-CH3  CH3 – CH =CH – CH2CO2H
(1) CrO2 CI2 / CS2 (2) alkaline KMnO4 (3) Tollen’s reagent (4) I2/ NaOH
fuEufyf[kr :ikUrj.k ds fy, lokZf/kd mi;qDr vfHkdeZd D;k gS?
OH
|
CH3 – CH =CH – CH2 –CH-CH3  CH3 – CH =CH – CH2CO2H
(1) CrO2 CI2 / CS2 (2) {kkjh; KMnO4(3) VkWysu vfHkdeZd (4) I2/ NaOH
Ans. (4)
Sol. It is iodoform reaction
;g vk;ksMksQkWeZ vfHkfØ;k gSA

12. The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is –13.6 eV. The energy of second excited state of He+ ion
eV. Is:
gkbMªkstu ijek.kq dh ewy voLFkk ÅtkZ –13.6 eV gSA He+ vk;u dh f}rh; mÙksftr voLFkk dh ÅtkZ] eV esa] gS:
(1) –27.2 (2) –54.4 (3) –3.4 (4) –6.04
Ans. (4)
 Z2   22 
Sol. E = –13.6  2  = –13.6  2  = –6.04 eV
n
  3 

13. What will be the major product in the following mononitration reaction?
fuEufyf[kr eksuksukbVªs'ku vfHkfØ;k esa dkSulk lk eq[; mRikn gksxk?
O
N HNO
 3
Conc.H SO

2 4
H
O O NO2

(1) N (2) N

H NO2 H
O2N
O O

(3) N (4) O2N N

H H
Ans. (3)
O O
Conc. HNO
Sol. —NH—C— 
3
 NO2— —NH—C—
Conc. H2SO4

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14. Sodium metal on dissolution in liquid ammonia gives a deep blue solution due to the formation of:
(1) sodamide (2) ammoniated electrons
(3) sodium-ammonia complex (4) sodium ion-ammonia complex
nzo veksfu;k esa lksfM;e /kkrq dks foyf;r djus ij ,d xgjs uhys jax dk foy;u nsrk gS] bldk dkj.k gS :
(1) lksMkekbMdk cuuk (2) veksfuÎÑrbysDVªkWuksa dk cuuk
(3) lksfM;e&veksfu;k ladqy dk cuuk (4) lksfM;e vk;u&veksfu;k ladqy dk cuuk
Ans. (2)
Sol. Reason of colour : e (NH3 )y 
 

Ammoniated electron

Sol. jax dk dkj.k : e (NH3 )y 



veksfuÑr bysDVª kWu

15. Haemoglobin and gold sol are examples of:


(1) negatively charged sols
(2) positively charged sols
(3) positively and negatively charged sols, respectively
(4) negatively and positively charged sols, respectively
gheksXyksfcu rFkk xksYM lkWy mnkgj.k gS:
(1) _.kkRed vkosf'kr lkWyksa ds (2) /kukRed vkosf'kr lkWyksa ds
(3) Øe'k% /kukRed rFkk _.kkRed vkosf'kr lkWyksa ds (4) Øe'k% _.kkRed rFkk /kukRed vkosf'kr lkWyksa ds
Ans. (3)
Sol. Fact rF;

16. The electrolytes usually used in the electroplating of gold and silver, respectively, are:
(1) [Au(CN)2]– and [AgCl2]– (2) [Au(NH3)2]+ and [Ag(CN)2]–
(3) [Au(CN)2]– and [Ag(CN)2]– (4) [Au(OH)4]– and [Ag(OH)2]–
lksuk rFkk pk¡nh ds oS|qr ysiu esa mi;ksx gksus okys oS|qr vi?kV~; Øe'k% gS:
(1) [Au(CN)2]– rFkk [AgCl2]– (2) [Au(NH3)2]+ rFkk [Ag(CN)2]–
(3) [Au(CN)2]– rFkk [Ag(CN)2]– (4) [Au(OH)4]– rFkk [Ag(OH)2]–
Ans. (3)
Sol. Fact rF;

17. The difference in the number of unpaired electrons of a metal ion in its high-spin and low-spin
octahedral complexes is two. The metal ion is:
,d /kkrq vk;u ds mPp&izpØ.k rFkk fuEu&izpØ.k okys v"VQydh; ladqyksa ds v;qfXer bysDVªkWuksa dh la[;kvksa esa
nks dk vUrj gSA /kkrq vk;u gS&
(1) Co2+ (2) Fe2+ (3) Mn2+ (4) Ni2+
Ans. (1)

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t2g2, 2, 2 eg1, 0 Low spin
Sol. d7
t2g2, 2, 1 eg1, 1 High spin

t2g2, 2, 2 eg1, 0 U;wu pØ.k


d7
t2g2, 2, 1 eg1, 1 mPp pØ.k

18. The major product of the following reaction


CH3
OH
(1)aq.NaOH

(2)CH I 3

fuEu vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS&


CH3
OH
(1) tyh; NaOH

(2)CH I

3

CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3


OCH3 OH OH OH
(1) (2) (3) (4)
CH3 CH3
CH3
Ans. (1)
CH3 CH3 CH3
OH 
aq.NaOH ONa CH   OCH3
Sol.   
3


19. An ideal gas undergoes isothermal compression from 5 m 3 to 1 m3 against a constant external pressure
of 4 Nm–2. Heat released in this process is used to increase the temperature of 1 mole of Al. If molar
heat capacity of Al is 24 J mol–1K–1, the temperature of Al increases by:
4 Nm–2 ds fLFkj cká nkc ds fo:)] ,d vkn'kZ xSl dh lerkih laihMu 5 m3 ls 1 m3 rd fd;k tkrk gSA bl
izØe esa mRlftZr Å"ek dk iz;ksx 1 eksy Al ds rki dks c<+kus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn Al dh eksyj Å"ek /kkfjrk
24 J mol–1K–1 gS rks Al dk rki ftruk c<+rk gS] og gS:
3 2
(1) K (2) K (3) 1 K (4) 2 K
2 3
Ans. (2)
Sol. W = –4 [1–5] = 16 J
16 = 1 × 24 × T
2
 T = K
3

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20. The major product of the following reaction is:


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS:
O
CH3N NaBH

4

O OH
(1) CH3NH (2) CH3NH
OH OH
(3) CH3N (4) CH3N
Ans. (2)
Sol. NaBH4 selectively reduce —C— group to —CH— and imine group to amine.
O OH
NaBH4 p;ukRed :i ls —C— lewg dks —CH— lewg esa vipf;r djrk gSa rFkk behu lewg dks ,ehu lewg
O OH
esa vipf;r djrk gSA

21. The process with negative entropy change is:


(1) Sublimation of dry ice
(2) Dissolution of iodine in water
(3) Dissociation of CaSO4(s) to CaO(s) and SO3(g)
(4) Synthesis of ammonia from N2 and H2
_.kkRed ,UVªkih ifjorZu okyk izØe gS:
(1) 'kq"d cQZ dk Å/oZikru (2) vk;ksMhu dk ty esa foy;u
(3) CaSO4(s) dk CaO(s) rFkk SO3(g) esa fo;kstu (4) N2 rFkk H2 ls veksfu;k dk la'ys"k.k
Ans. (4)
Sol. CO2 (s)  CO2 (g) ; S = +ve
N2 + 3H2  2NH3 ; S = –ve
CaSO4  CaO + SO3 ; S = +ve
dissolution of I2 I2 dk fo;kstu ; S = +ve

22. The correct match between item 'I' and item 'II' is:
Item 'I' Item 'II'
(Compound) (reagent)
(A) Lysine (P) 1-naphthol
(B) Furfural (Q) ninhydrin
(C) Benzyl alcohol (R) KMnO4
(D) Styrene (S) Ceric ammonium nitrate
enksa 'I' rFkk 'II' ds e/; lgh lqesy gS:
en 'I' en 'II'
(;kSfxd) (vfHkdeZd)
(A) ykblhu (P) 1- uS¶FkkWy
(B) Qj¶;wjy (Q) fuugkbfMªu
(C) fcfUty ,Ydksgky (R) KMnO4
(D) LVkbjhu (S) lsfjd veksfu;e ukbVªsV
(1) (A)(R), (B)(P), (C)(Q), (D)(S) (2) (A)(Q), (B)(P), (C)(S), (D)(R)
(3) (A)(Q), (B)(R), (C)(S), (D)(P) (4) (A)(Q), (B)(P), (C)(R), (D)(S)
Ans. (2)
Sol. Fact rF;A

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23. The number of 2-centre-2-electron and 3-centre-2-electron bonds in B2H6, respectively, are:
(1) 2 and 4 (2) 2 and 2 (3) 4 and 2 (4) 2 and 1
B2H6 esa 2-dsUnz-2-bysDVªkWu rFkk 3-dsUnz-2-bysDVªkWu vkca/kksa dh la[;k Øe'k% gS:
(1) 2 rFkk 4 (2) 2 rFkk 2 (3) 4 rFkk 2 (4) 2 rFkk 1
Ans. (3)
Sol. B2H6 has 2 bridge bonds (3C–2e–) and 4 terminal bonds (2C–2e–).
B2H6 2 lsrq cU/k (3C–2e–) rFkk 4 vUrLFk cU/k (2C–2e–) j[krk gSA

24. The major product of the following reaction is:


fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS:
O CH3
O (i) dil.HCl/  (i) ruq HCl/ 
   
CH3O OH (ii)(COOH) /2 (ii)(COOH) / 2
Polymerisation cgqydu
O
O
O O
O n O O
(1) (2) O n

CH3O OH
O
O
O O
O O O n
(3) O n (4)
OCOCH3 HO
Ans. (1)
O O
O CH3 OH —C–C–O O–
Sol.
(i)dil.HCl/  Polymer
O    
CH3O OH CH3O OH
CH3O n

25. The 71st electron of an element X with an atomic number of 71 enters into the orbital:
,d rRo X, ftldh ijek.kq la[;k 71 gS] mldk 71 ok¡ bysDVªkWu ftl d{kd esa izos'k djrk gS] og gS:
(1) 6s (2) 5d (3) 4f (4) 6p
Ans. (2)
Sol. 14 6s2 5d1
71Lu : [Xe] 4f (Last electron enters 5d orbital)
71Lu : [Xe] 4f
14 6s2 5d1 (vafre bysDVªkWu 5d d{kd esa izos'k djrk gS)

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26. 5.1 g NH4SH is introduced in 3.0 L evacuated flask at 327°C. 30% of the solid NH4SH decomposed to
NH3 and H2S as gases. The Kp of the reaction at 327°C is (R= 0.082 L atm mol–1K–1, molar mass of S =
32 g mol–1, molar mass of N= 14 g mol–1)
5.1 g NH4SH dks 327°C ij 3.0 L ds ,d fjDr fd;s x;s ¶ykLd eas Mkyk tkrk gSA 30% Bksl NH4SH, NH3 rFkk
H2S xSlksa esa vi?kfVr gks tkrk gSA 327°C ij bl vfHkfØ;k dk Kp gS% (R=0.082 L atm mol–1 K–1, eksyj nzO;eku
S = 32 g mol–1, eksyj nzO;eku N= 14 g mol–1)
(1) 4.9 × 10–3 atm2 (2) 0.242 × 10–4 atm2 (3) 1 × 10–4 atm2 (4) 0.242 atm2
Ans. (4)
Sol. NH4HS  H2S + NH3
0.1(1–0.3) 0.03 0.03
0.03 0.03
KC =   104
3 3
KP = KC (RT)n
= 10–4 × (0.0821 × 600)2 = 0.242

27. Among the following reactions of hydrogen with halogens, the one that requires a catalyst is:
gSykstu ds lkFk gkbMªkstu dh fuEufyf[kr vfHkfØ;kvksa esa ls ftlesa ,d mRizsjd dh vko';drk gksrh gS] og gS :
(1) H2 + F2  2HF (2) H2 + Cl2  2HCl (3) H2 + I2  2HI (4) H2 + Br2  2HBr
Ans. (3)
Sol. I2 is least reactive halogen. So its reaction with H2 requires catalyst.
I2 gkbMªkstu ls de fØ;k'khy gSykstu gS vr% H2 ds lkFk bldh vfHkfØ;k ds fy;s mRizsjd dh vko';drk gksrh gSA
28. A reaction of cobalt(III) chloride and ethylenediamine in a 1 : 2 mole ratio generates two isomeric
products A (violet coloured) and B(green coloured). A can show optical activity, but, B is optically
inactive. What type of isomers does A and B represent?
(1) Ionisation isomers (2) Linkage isomer
(3) Coordination isomers (4) Geometrical isomers
dksckYV (III) DyksjkbM rFkk ,sfFkyhuMkb,sehu dh 1 : 2 eksy vuqikr esa vfHkfØ;k ls nks leko;oh mRikn A (cSaxuh jax
dk) rFkk mRikn B(gjs jax dk) mRiUu gksrs gSA A izdk'kh; lfØ; gS] tcfd B izdk'kh; vfØ; gSA fdl izdkj dh
leko;rk A rFkk B fu:fir djrs gS?
(1) vk;uu leko;ork (2) ca/kuh leko;ork
(3) milgla;kstu leko;ork (4) T;kferh; leko;ork
Ans. (4)
Sol. CoCl3 + en  [Co(en)2 Cl2] Cl
1 mole 2 mole

Cl en
Cl
en Co en Co
Cl
Cl en
Geometrical Isomers

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29. The pair that contains two P–H bonds in each of the oxoacid is:
(1) H4P2O5 and H3PO3 (2) H4P2O5 and H4P2O6
(3) H3PO2 and H4P2O5 (4) H3PO3 and H3PO2
fuEufyf[kr ;qXeksa esa ls ftl ;qXe ds izR;sd vkDlksvEyksa esa nks P–H vkca/k gSa] og gS:
(1) H4P2O5 rFkk H3PO3 (2) H4P2O5 rFkk H4P2O6
(3) H3PO2 rFkk H4P2O5 (4) H3PO3 rFkk H3PO2
Ans. (3)
O O O
Sol. P P O P
HO H H OH
OH OH H
O O O

P O P P
HO OH HO H
OH OH H

30. For an elementary chemical reaction,


K1 d[A]
A2 2A the expression for
K-1 dt
,d izkjfEHkds jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k]
K1 d[A]
A2 2A ds fy, O;atd gS%
K-1 dt
(1) 2k1[A2]–k–1[A]2 (2) k1[A2]+k–1[A]2 (3) k1[A2]–k–1[A]2 (4) 2k1[A2]–2k–1[A]2
Ans. (4)
d  A 
Sol. = 2k1[A2] – 2 k–1 [A]2
dt

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