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‫تمرین درس طراحی بدنه و شاسی خودرو‬

‫استاد‪:‬‬
‫جناب آقای دکتر حیدری شیرازی‬

‫تمرین شماره ‪6‬‬

‫موضوع تمرین‪:‬‬
‫حل یک مثال از بدست آوردن عکسالعملهای چرخها برای خودرو انتخابشده‬

‫تاریخ تحویل‪:‬‬
‫‪97/07/30‬‬

‫دانشجو‪:‬‬
‫سید محمدامین طالقانی‬

‫شماره دانشجویی‪:‬‬
‫‪9457207‬‬
- Example: A family of four along with their dog are on a trip from Karaj to Abbas-Abad, in northern Iran.
Their Toyota Camry 2018 XSE V6 is fully loaded with fuel and baggage.
In their journey to their destination, they face a rainy weather and slippery roads at Chalus. The car reaches
a tight left-hand corner down the hill. The road has a downhill of 6% and the safe speed indicated by traffic
sign is 40 km/h. Also, the radius of the turn is 210 m. Determine:
a) The road bank angle. Assume the engineers designed the bank angle of the road for a safe cornering at
40 km/h regardless of the road condition.
b) The tire force reactions if the car arrives at the corner in a 1.1 m/s2 deceleration. Use gross weight
when needed.

Figure 1. Illustration of the downhill corner in the problem

Assumptions:
Road grade and bank angles are small enough to use the superposition principle.
Camry XSE has a gross weight of 2097 kg, wheel base of 2.825 m, wheel tread of 1.580 m and center of
gravity height of 0.50 m.

Solution:
a) The F.B.D of the car the shown in figure 2. For the summation of the forces in y direction:

F y  0  ( N L  N R ) cos   mg  0
cos  1
N L  N R  mg

2
r

𝑣2
y 𝐹𝑖 = 𝑚
𝑅

Figure 2. FBD of the car in a banked turn

Summation of the forces in x direction yields:

v2
 Fr  0 ( N L  N R ) sin   m R
0

sin  
v2 v2
(mg )   m  
R Rg
((40 / 3.6)m / s) 2
  0.06radians  6%  3.43
(210m)

b) The F.B.D of the car down the hill is shown in figure 3. Determining the road's grade:

Figure 3. FBD of the car in a grade

𝜃 = 6% = 0.06 𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑠
ℎ𝑎 0.50 1.1
∆𝑎 = 𝑚𝑔 = 2097 × 9.81 × × = 408.27 𝑁
𝐿𝑔 2.825 9.81
ℎ 0.50
∆𝜃 = 𝑚𝑔 𝜃 = 2097 × 9.81 × × 0.06 = 218.46 𝑁
𝐿 2.825

3
𝑣2 2
ℎ 𝑎𝑛 𝑎𝑛 = 𝑅 =0.588𝑚/𝑠 0.50 0.588
∆𝑎𝑛 = 𝑚𝑔 → ∆𝑎𝑛 = 2097 × 9.81 × × = 390.20 𝑁
𝑡 𝑔 1.580 9.81
ℎ 0.50
∆𝛽 = 𝑚𝑔 𝛽 = 2097 × 9.81 × × 0.06 = 390.60 𝑁
𝑡 1.580

C.G

𝑁𝑓𝑠,1 = 6007.9 𝑁 𝑁𝑟𝑠,1 = 4478.6 𝑁


Figure 4. Static tire reactions for the pair of front and rear tires.

The problem involves an unsymmetrical distribution of tire load because of the presence of both grade and
bank in the turn. Therefore static tire loads should be determined for individual tires:

𝑁𝑓𝑠,1 = 1/2 × 57.3%. 𝑚𝑔 = 6007.9 𝑁

𝑁𝑟𝑠,1 = 1/2 × 42.7%. 𝑚𝑔 = 4478.6 𝑁

𝑁𝑓𝐿 = 𝑁𝑓𝑠,1 + ∆𝑎 + ∆𝜃 − ∆𝑎𝑛 + ∆𝛽 = 6007.9 + 408.27 + 218.46 − 390.2 + 390.6 = 6635.03𝑁

𝑁𝑓𝑅 = 𝑁𝑓𝑠,1 + ∆𝑎 + ∆𝜃 + ∆𝑎𝑛 − ∆𝛽 = 6007.9 + 408.27 + 218.46 + 390.2 − 390.6 = 6634.23𝑁

𝑁𝑟𝐿 = 𝑁𝑟𝑠,1 − ∆𝑎 − ∆𝜃 − ∆𝑎𝑛 + ∆𝛽 = 4478.6 − 408.27 − 218.46 − 390.2 + 390.6 = 3852.27𝑁

𝑁𝑟𝑅 = 𝑁𝑟𝑠,1 − ∆𝑎 − ∆𝜃 + ∆𝑎𝑛 − ∆𝛽 = 4478.6 − 408.27 − 218.46 + 390.2 − 390.6 = 3851.47𝑁

f:front

r:rear

L:Left

R:Right