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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Date: 12 January, 2019 (SHIFT-1) | TIME : (9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m)

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360


SUBJECT : CHEMISTRY

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| JEE MAIN-2019 | DATE : 12-01-2019 (SHIFT-1) | CHEMISTRY

PART : CHEMISTRY
Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)
This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1. Water samples with values of 4 ppm and 18 ppm, respectively, are :


(1) Highly polluted and Clean (2) Clean and Clean
(3) Highly polluted and Highly polluted (4) Clean and Highly polluted
4 ppm rFkk 18 ppm BOD (ch-vks-Mh-) eku okys ty ds uewus Øe'k% gksaxs %
(1) vR;f/kd iznwf"kr rFkk LoPN (2) LoPN rFkk LoPN
(3) vR;f/kd iznwf"kr rFkk vR;f/kd LoPN (4) LoPN rFkk vR;f/kd iznwf"kr
Ans. (4)
Sol. 'Clean water' would have a BOD value of less than 5 ppm where as highly polluted water (river, lake,
ponds etc.) could have a BOD value of 17 ppm or more.
'LoPN ty' 5 ppm ls de BOD eku j[krk gSA tcfd vR;f/kd iznwf"kr ty (unh, >hy, rkykc bR;kfn) 17 ppm ;k
blls vf/kd BOD eku j[k ldrk gSA

2. Decomposition of X exhibits a rate constant of 0.05 g/year. How many years are required for the
decomposition of 5 g of X into 2.5 g ?
X dk fo?kVu 0.05 g/o"kZ dk nj fu;rkad iznf'kZr djrk gSA X ds 5 g dks fo?kfVr gksdj 2.5 g gksus esa fdrus o’"kZ
yxsaxs \
(1) 40 (2) 25 (3) 20 (4) 50
Ans. (4)
Sol. According to unit of rate constant it is a zero order reaction then half life of reaction will be
C 5g
t1/ 2  0  = 50 years
2k 2  0.05g / year
Sol. osx fu;rkad ds vuqlkj vfHkfØ;k 'kwU; dksfV dh vfHkfØ;k gSA rc vfHkfØ;k dh v)Z vk;q gksxh&
C0 5g
t1/ 2   = 50 years o"kZ
2k 2  0.05g / year

OH

3. CH3CH2–C–CH3 cannot be prepared by :

Ph
OH

CH3CH2–C–CH3 fuEu esa ls fdlds }kjk ugha cuk;k tk ldrk gS\


Ph
(1) HCHO + PhCH(CH3)CH2Mg (2) PhCOCH2CH3 + CH3MgX
(3) PhCOCH3 + CH3CH3MgX (4) CH3CH2COCH3 + PhMgX
Ans. (1)
Sol. HCHO with GR always gives 1° alcohol.
GR QkesZfYMgkbM ds lkFk ges'kk 1° ,Ydksgy nsrk gSA

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4. Poly--hydroxybutyrate-co--hydroxyvalerate (PHBV) is a copolymer of


(1) 3-hydroxybutanoic acid and 2-hydroxypentanoic acid
(2) 3-hydroxybutanoic acid and 4-hydroxypentanoic acid
(3) 2-hydroxybutanoic acid and 3-hydroxypentanoic acid
(4) 3-hydroxybutanoic acid and 3-hydroxypentanoic acid
ikWyh--gkbMªkWDlhC;wVhjsV-co--gkbMªkWDlhoSfYjsV (PHBV) ftldk lg cgqyd gS] os gSa %
(1) 3-gkbMªkWDlhC;wVsuksbd vEy rFkk 2-gkbMªkWDlhisUVsuksbd vEy
(2) 3-gkbMªkWDlhC;wVsuksbd vEy rFkk 4-gkbMªkWDlhisUVsuksbd vEy
(3) 2-gkbMªkWDlhC;wVsuksbd vEy rFkk 3-gkbMªkWDlhisUVsuksbd vEy
(4) 3-gkbMªkWDlhC;wVsuksbd vEy rFkk 3-gkbMªkWDlhisUVsuksbd vEy
Ans. (4)
Sol. PHBV is obtained by copolymerization of 3-Hydroxybutanoic acid & 3-Hydroxypentanoic acid.
PHBV 3-gkbMªkWDlhC;wVsukWbd vEy rFkk 3-gkbMªkWDlhisUVsukWbd vEy ds lgcgqyhdj.k }kjk izkIr gksrk gSA
O
OH
COOH + COOH  —O–CH–CH2–C–O–CH–CH3–C—
OH
CH3 CH2–CH3 O n
PHBV

5. The volume of gas A is twice than that of gas B. The compressibility factor of gas A is thrice than that of
gas B at same temperature. The pressures of the gases for equal number of moles are :
xSl A dk vk;ru xSl B ds vk;ru dk nks xquk gSA ,d gh rki ij xSl A dk laihM;rk xq.kkad xSl B ds laihM;rk
xq.kkad dh rqyuk esa rhu xquk gSA eksyksa dh leku la[;k ds fy, xSlksa dk nkc gksxk %
(1) 2PA = 3PB (2) PA = 2PB (3) 3PA = 2PB (4) PA = 3PB
Ans. (1)
Sol. PV = ZnRT
ZnRT
P=
V
Z
at constant T and mol P 
V
Z
fu;r T rFkk eksy ij P 
V
PA ZA VB  3   1  3
    
PB ZB VA  1   2  2
 2PA = 3PB

6. In the Hall-Heroult process, aluminium is formed at the cathode. The cathode is made out of :
(1) Carbon (2) Copper (3) Pure aluminium (4) Platinum
gkWy&gsjkWYV izØe esa ,Y;qfefu;e dSFkksM ij curk gSA dSFkksM fdldk cuk gksrk gS\
(1) dkcZu (2) dkWij (3) 'kq) ,Y;qfefu;e (4) IysfVue
Ans. (1)
Sol. Cathode is made up of carbon.
dSFkksM dkcZu dk cuk gksrk gSA

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7. In the following reaction


HCl
Aldehyde + Alcohol   Acetal
Aldehyde Alcohol
HCHO tBuOH

CH3CHO MeOH
The best combination is :
(1) HCHO and tBuOH (2) CH3CHO and tBuOH
(3) HCHO and MeOH (4) CH3CHO and MeOH
fuEu vfHkfØ;k esa
HCl
,sfYMgkbM + ,sYdksgkWy  ,sflVy
,sfYMgkbM ,sYdksgkWy
HCHO tBuOH

CH3CHO MeOH
loksZÙke la;kstu gS %
(1) HCHO rFkk tBuOH (2) CH3CHO rFkk tBuOH
(3) HCHO rFkk MeOH (4) CH3CHO rFkk MeOH
Ans. (3)
H OCH3
dryHCl
Sol. H–C–H & CH3OH 
 C
H OCH3
O
Acetal ,lhVy

8. The major product of the following reactions is :


fuEu vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS %
CH3O
(1) Cl2/CCl4
(2) AlCl3 (Anhyd.)
Cl

CH3O
(1) (2) CH3O

Cl
Cl

CH3O
(3) (4) CH3O
Cl
Ans. (3)
Cl
CH3O
CH3O CH3O Anhyd . AlCl
Sol. Cl2/CCl4 
3

Cl
Cl

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9. Freezing point of a 4% aqueous solution of X is equal to freezing point of 12% aqueous solution of Y. If
molecular weight of X is A, then molecular weight of Y is :
X ds 4% tyh; foy;u dk fgekad] Y ds 12% tyh; foy;u ds fgekad ds cjkcj gSA ;fn X dk v.kqHkkj A gS rks Y
dk v.kqHkkj gksxk %
(1) 4A (2) 2A (3) 3A (4) A
Ans. (3)
Sol.  Tf X   Tf Y
k f mX  k f mY
4  1000 12  1000

A  96 M  88
M = 3.27A
3A

10. Among the following compounds most basic amino acid is :


(1) Asparagine (2) Serine (3) Histidine (4) Lysine
fuEu ;kSfxdksa esa ls lcls T;knk {kkjh; ,sehuksa vEy gS %
(1) ,sLisjkthu (2) lsjhu (3) fgLVhMhu (4) ykblhu
Ans. (4)
Sol. Compound PI value
Histidine 7.6
Serine 5.7
Lysine 9.8
Asparagine 5.4
Sol. ;kSfxd PI eku
fgLVhMhu 7.6
lsfju 5.7
ykbflu 9.8
,sLisjkftu 5.4

11. The correct order of acid strength of compounds


CHCH, CH3–CCH and CH2=CH2
is as follows :
CHCH, CH3–CCH rFkk CH2=CH2
;kSfxdksa ds vEyh; lkeF;Z dk lgh Øe gS%
(1) CH3–CCH > CHCH > CH2=CH2 (2) CH3–CCH > CH2=CH2 > HCCH
(3) HCCH > CH3–CCH > CH2= CH2 (4) CHCH > CH2=CH2 > CH3–CCH
Ans. (3)
Sol. Acidic strength  Stability of conjugate base
E.N.  sp carbon > sp2 carbon > sp3 carbon
Sol. vEyh; lkeF;Z la;qXeh {kkj dk LFkkf;Ro
fo|qr_.krk  sp dkcZu > sp2 dkcZu > sp3 dkcZu

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K
12. In a chemical reaction, A + 2B 2C+D, the initial concentration of B was 1.5 times of the
concentration of A, but the equilibrium concentrations of A and B were found to be equal. The
equilibrium constant (K) for the aforesaid chemical reaction is :

,d jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k] A + 2B K 2C+D esa] B dh izkjfEHkd lkUnzrk A dh 1.5 xquk Fkh ysfdu A rFkk B dh
lkE; lkUnzrk;sa cjkcj ikbZ xbZA mijksDr vfHkfØ;k ds fy, lkE; fLFkjkad (K) gksxk %
1
(1) 16 (2) 1 (3) (4) 4
4
Ans. (4)
Sol. A + 2B 2C + D
initially conc. a 1.5a
at eq. a-x 1.5 a–2x 2x x
at equilibrium a–x = 1.5a –2x
0.5 a = x
a = 2x
(2x)2 (x) 4x 2 .x
kC =  4
(a – x)(1.5a – 2x)2 (x)(x)2
Sol. A + 2B 2C + D
izkjfEHkd lkanzrk a 1.5a
lkE; ij a-x 1.5 a–2x 2x x
lkE; ij a–x = 1.5a –2x
0.5 a = x
a = 2x
(2x)2 (x) 4x 2 .x
kC =  4
(a – x)(1.5a – 2x)2 (x)(x)2

13. What is the work function of the metal if the light of wavelength 4000Å generates photoelectrons of
velocity 6×105 ms–1 from it ?
(Mass of electron = 9 × 10–31 kg, Velocity of light = 3×108 ms–1, Plank's constant = 6.626 ×10–34 Js,
Charge of electron = 1.6 ×10–19 JeV–1)
/kkrq dk dk;ZQyu D;k gksxk] ;fn 4000Å rjaxnS/;Z dk izdk'k blls 6 × 105 ms–1 osx ds QksVksbysDVªkWuksa dks mRiUu
djrk gS\
(bysDVªkWu dh lagfr = 9 × 10–31 kg, izdk'k dk osx = 3 × 108 ms–1, IySad fLFkjkad = 6.626 ×10–34 Js, rFkk
bysDVªkWu dk vkos'k = 1.6 ×10–19 JeV–1)
(1) 3.1 eV (2) 0.9 eV (3) 4.0 eV (4) 2.1 eV
Ans. (4)
hc 1
Sol.    mv 2
 2
6.626  1034  3  108 1
=+ × 9 × 10–31 × (6 × 105)2
10 2
4000  10
  = (4.97 – 1.62) × 10–19 J
= 3.35 × 10–19 J
 2.1 eV

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14. Two solids dissociate as follows


A(s) B(g) + C(g) ; K P1  x atm2

D(s) C(g) + E(g) ; K P2  y atm2


The total pressure when both the solids dissociate simultaneously is :
nks Bksl fuEu izdkj fo;ksftr gksrs gSa
A(s) B(g) + C(g) ; K P1  x atm2

D(s) C(g) + E(g) ; K P2  y atm2


tc nksuksa Bksl ,d gh lkFk fo;ksftr gksa rks dqy nkc gksxk %
(1) x  y atm (2) (x + y) atm (3) x2 + y2 atm  
(4) 2 x  y atm
Ans. (4)
Sol. A(s) B(g) + C(g) kP1  x atm2
P1 P1 + P2
D(s) C(g) + E(g) kP2  y atm2
P1 +P2 P2
kP1  P1(P1  P2 )
kP2  P2 (P1  P2 )

kP1  kP2  (P1  P2 )2

x  y  P1  P2 
2

P1  P2  x  y

2 P1  P2   2 x  y
PTotaldqy = PB + PC + PE
= 2 P1  P2   2 x  y

15. 50 mL of 0.5 M oxalic acid is needed to neutralize 25 mL of sodium hydroxide solution. The amount of
NaOH in 50 mL of the given sodium hydroxide solution is :
25 mL lksfM;e gkbMªkWDlkbM foy;u ds mnklhuhdj.k ds fy, 0.5 M vkDtsfyd vEy ds 50 mL dh vko';drk
gksrh gSA fn;s x;s lksfM;e gkbMªkWDlkbM foy;u ds 50 mL esa NaOH dh ek=kk gksxh %
(1) 10 g (2) 40 g (3) 80 g (4) 20 g
Ans. BONUS
Sol. H2C2O4 + 2NaOH  Na2C2O4 + 2H2O
m. mol 50×0.5 M×25
nH2C2O4 nNaOH
At end point vfUre fcUnq ij: 
1 2
nNaOH = 2 × nH2C2O4
M×25 = 2 × 50 × 0.5 = 2M
[NaOH] = 2M

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50
Now nNaOH is 50 ml = M × V = 2 × = 0.1 mol
1000
50
vc 50 ml esa nNaOH = M × V = 2 × = 0.1 mol
1000
mass of NaOH is 50 ml = 4 g
50 ml esa NaOH dk nzO;eku = 4 g

16. A metal on combustion in excess air forms X. X upon hydrolysis with water yields H2O2 and O2 along
with another product. The metal is :
,d /kkrq] ok;q ds vf/kD; esa] ngu gksus ij X cukrh gSA X ty ds lkFk ty vi?kfVr gksdj H2O2 rFkk O2 vkSj dqN
vU; mRikn nsrk gSA /kkrq gS %
(1) Mg (2) Li (3) Na (4) Rb
Ans. (4)
Sol. K, Rb and Cs form super oxides on combustion in excess air
Rb + O2 RbO2
(excess)
2RbO2 + 2H2O 2RbOH + H2O2 + O2 
Sol. K, Rb rFkk Cs ok;q ds vkf/kD; esa ngu ls lkFk lqij vkDlkbM cukrs gSA
Rb + O2 RbO2
(excessvkf/kD;)
2RbO2 + 2H2O 2RbOH + H2O2 + O2 

17. The metal d-orbitals that are directly facing the ligands in K3[Co(CN)6] are :
(1) dxz, dyz and dz 2 (2) dxy and dx 2  y 2 (3) dxy, dxz and dyz (4) dx 2  y 2 and dz 2
/kkrq ds d-d{kd tks K3[Co(CN)6] esa fyxUM ds lh/ks lkeus iM+rs gSa] gSa %
(1) dxz, dyz rFkk dz 2 (2) dxy rFkk dx 2  y 2 (3) dxy, dxz rFkk dyz (4) dx 2  y 2 rFkk dz 2
Ans. (4)
Sol. K3[Co(CN)6] is octahedral geometry. Ligands are approaching there co-ordinate metal along the there
coordinate axes. Hence dx2 –y2 ,dz2 (axial orbitals) orbitals are directly infront of the ligands.
fn;k x;k ladqy K3[Co(CN)6] v"VQydh; T;kferh j[krk gSA ;gk¡ fyxs.M rhuksa v{k ds vuqfn'k vU;ksU;fØ;k djrs
gSA bl izdkj dx2 –y2 ,dz2 d{kd ¼v{kh; d{kd½ lh/ks fyxs.M ds lEeq[k gksrs gSA

18. The pair of metal ions that can give a spin-only magnetic moment of 3.9 BM for the complex
[M(H2O)6]Cl2 is :
(1) Cr2+ and Mn2+ (2) V2+ and Co2+ (3) V2+ and Fe2+ (4) Co2+ and Fe2+
ladqy [M(H2O)6]Cl2 ds fy, /kkrq vk;uksa dk ;qXe tks 3.9 BM dk ,d fLiu ek=k pqEcdh; vk?kw.kZ nsrk gS] gksxk%
(1) Cr2+ rFkk Mn2+ (2) V2+ rFkk Co2+ (3) V2+ rFkk Fe2+ (4) Co2+ rFkk Fe2+
Ans. (2)
Sol. According to CFT, H2O is weak field ligand
CFT ds vuqlkj H2O nqcZy {ks=k fyxs.M gSA
Fe2+ = t2g211eg11
Co2+ = t2g221 eg11
V2+ = t2g111 eg00
M2+ is V2+, Co2+

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19. The hardness of water sample (in terms of equivalents of CaCO 3) containing 10–3 M CaSO4 is :
(molar mass of CaSO4 = 136 g mol–1)
ikuh ds ml izfrn'kZ dh dBksjrk (CaCO3 ds lerqY; ds lkis{k) ftlesa 10–3 M CaSO4 gS] gksxh %
(CaSO4 dk eksyj nzO;eku = 136 g mol–1)
(1) 10 ppm (2) 50 ppm (3) 90 ppm (4) 100 ppm
Ans. (4)
Sol. As 1L solution have 10–3 mol CaSO4
pwafd 1L foy;u esa CaSO4 = 10–3 mol
Eq. of CaSO4 = eq. of CaCO3
CaSO4 ds rqY;kad = CaCO3 ds rqY;kad
in 1L solution 1L foy;u esa
nCaSO4  v.f.  nCaCO3  v.f.

10–3  2  nCaCO3  2

nCaCO3  10–3 mol in 1L

 wCaCO3  100  10–3 g in 1L solution


 hardness in terms of CaCO3
 CaCO3 ds inksa esa dBksjrk
w CaCO3 100  10–3 g
=  106   106  100ppm
w Total 1000g

20. Mn2(CO)10 is an organometallic compound due to the presence of :


(1) Mn – C bond (2) C – O bond (3) Mn – O bond (4) Mn – Mn bond
ftldh mifLFkfr ds dkj.k Mn2(CO)10 ,d dkcZ/kkfRod ;kSfxd gS] og gS %
(1) Mn – C vkcU/k (2) C – O vkcU/k (3) Mn – O vkcU/k (4) Mn – Mn vkcU/k
Ans. (1)
Sol. organometallic compound have bond between ''Metal or Metalloid'' and carbon.
dkcZ/kkfRod ;kSfxd esa] /kkrq vFkok mi/kkrq rFkk dkcZu ds e/; ca/k gkrs gSA

21. The element with Z = 120 (not yet discovered) will be an/a :
(1) transition metal (2) alkali metal
(3) alkaline earth metal (4) inner-transition metal
og rRo ftldk Z = 120 gS (ftldh [kkst vHkh rd ugha gqbZ gS) gksxk %
(1) laØe.k /kkrq (2) {kkj /kkrq
(3) {kkjh; e`nk /kkrq (4) vkarj laØe.k /kkrq
Ans. (3)
Sol. [Og118] 8s2 is configuration for Z = 120
it will belong to IInd group. (Alkaline earth metal)
Z = 120 ds fy, foU;kl [Og118] 8s2 gSA
;g IInd oxZ lEcfU/kr gSA ¼{kkjh; e`nk èkkrq½

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22. Given
Gas H2 CH4 CO2 SO2
Critical 33 190 304 630
Temperature / K
On the basis of data given above, predict which of the following gases shows least adsorption on a
definite amount of charcoal ?
fn;k x;k gS%
xSl H2 CH4 CO2 SO2
Økafrd rki / K 33 190 304 630
Åij fn;s x;s vk¡dM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij izkxqfDr dhft, fd fuEu esa ls dkSulh xSl pkjdksy dh ,d fuf'pr ek=kk ij
U;wur vf/k'kks"k.k iznf'kZr djsxh \
(1) CH4 (2) H2 (3) CO2 (4) SO2
Ans. (2)
Sol. Amount of gas adsorbedxSl dh vf?k'kksf"kr ek=kk  TC
23. Iodine reacts with concentrated HNO3 to yield Y along with other products. The oxidation state of iodine
in Y, is :
vk;ksMhu lkUnz HNO3 ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k djds vU; mRiknksa ds lkFk Y iSnk djrh gSA Y esa vk;ksMhu dh vkWDlhdj.k
la[;k gS %
(1) 7 (2) 3 (3) 1 (4) 5
Ans. (4)
Sol. I2 + 10HNO3  2HIO3 + 10NO2  + 4H2O
Y is HIO3 and have +5 oxidation state of iodine.
Y, HIO3 gSA blesa vk;ksMhu dh vkDlhdj.k voLFkk +5 gSA

24. The major product of the following reaction is :


fuEu vfHkfØ;k dk eq[; mRikn gS %
CN
i  DIBALH
O
 
ii H3O
O
CHO CHO CH=NH
CHO
(1) O (2) (3) OH (4) OH
O OH
O CHO
Ans. (3)
CN CHO
O i DIBALH OH
Sol. O   CHO
ii H3O
Nitriles are selectively reduced by DIBAL-H to imines followed by hydrolysis to aldehydes similarly,
esters are also redecued to aldehyde with DIBAL-H
ukbVªkby p;ukRed :i ls bfeu es DIBAL-H }kjk blds i'pkr tyvi?kVu }kjk ,fYMgkbM es vipf;r gksrk gSA
,LVj Hkh DIBAL-H ds lkFk ,fYMgkbM es vipf;r gksrk gSA

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25. Among the following four aromatic compounds, which one will have the lowest melting point ?
fuEu pkj ,jkseSfVd ;kSfxdksa esa ls fdldk xyukad fuEure gksxk \
O CH3

OH OH O
(1) (2) (3) (4) O
OH
O CH3
Ans. (3)
Sol. The force of attraction between the molecular affects the M.P. of a compound. Stronger intermolecular
interactions result in higher M.P.
Sol. v.kqvks ds e/; vkd"kZ.k cy ;kSfxd ds xyukad dks izHkkfor djrk gSA izcy vUrjv.kqd vU;ksU; fØ;k ds
ifj.kkeLo:i xyukad mPp gksrk gSA

26. The increasing order of reactivity of the following compounds towards reaction with alkyl halides directly
is :
fuEu ;kSfxdksa dh ,sfYdy gSykbM ds lkFk lh/kh vfHkfØ;k dh vfHkfØ;k'khyrk dk c<+rk Øe gS%
O
O
CN
NH2
NH2 NH2 NH2

O (D)
(A) (B) (C)
(1) (B) < (A) < (C) < (D) (2) (B) < (A) < (D) < (C)
(3) (A) < (B) < (C) < (D) (4) (C) < (C) < (D) < (B)
Ans. (1)
Sol. More nucleophilic nitrogen, more reactive with alkyl halide.
vf/kd ukfHkdLusgh ukbVªkstu] ,fYdy gSykbM ds lkFk vf/kd fØ;k'khy

 dE 
27. The standard electrode potential E and its temperature coefficient   for a cell are 2 V and –5 ×
 dT 
 
10–4 VK–1 at 300 K respectively. The cell reaction is
Zn(s) + Cu2+ (aq)  Zn2+ (aq) + Cu(s)
The standard reaction enthalpy (rH) at 300 K in kJ mol–1 is :
(Use R = 8JK–1 mol–1 and F = 96,000 Cmol–1)
dE    
,d lsy ds fy, ekud bysDVªksM foHko E rFkk mlrk rki xq.kkad  
300 K ij Øe'k% 2 V rFkk –5 × 10–4
 dT 
VK–1 gSA lsy vfHkfØ;k gS
Zn(s) + Cu2+ (aq)  Zn2+ (aq) + Cu(s)
300 K ij ekud vfHkfØ’;k ,UFkSYih (rH), kJ mol–1 esa gksxh %
(R = 8JK–1 mol–1 rFkk F = 96,000 Cmol–1)
(1) 206.4 (2) –384.0 (3) 192.0 (4) –412.8

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Ans. (4)
dE
Sol. H = – nFEcell + nFT
dT
= –2 × 96000 × 2 + 2 × 96000 × 300 × (–5 × 10–4)
= – 384000 – 28,800
= – 412.8 kJ/mol

28. The molecule that has minimum/no role in the formation of photochemical smog is :
ml v.kq dks crkb;s ftldh izdk'k jklk;fud /kwedqgk ds cuus esa de ls de@dqN ugha Hkwfedk gksrh gS]%
(1) CH2 = O (2) NO (3) N2 (4) O3
Ans. (3)
Sol. Fact rF;A

29. In the following reactions, products A and B are :


O O
ruq NaOH
 [A]

H3C H C
3 CH3 H
H O
[A] 3  [B]

fuEu vfHkfØ;kvksa esa mRikn A rFkk B gSa %


O O
dil. NaOH
   [A]
H3C H C
3 CH3 H
H O
[A] 3  [B]

O O
OH
C CH3
(1) (A) = H3C H ; (B) = H

H3C CH3 H3C CH3


O O
CH3 CH3
(2) (A) = CH3 ; (B)= CH3
HO
O O
CH3 CH3
(3) (A) = CH3 ; (B)= CH3
HO

O O
OH
H2C
H H
(4) (A) = H3C ; (B) =

H3C CH3 H3C CH3

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Ans. (3)
O O O O
Sol. aldol
H dil.NaOH H


O OH O

–H2O
(A)

30. For a diatomic ideal gas in a closed system, which of the following plots does not correctly describe the
relation between various thermodynamic quantities ?
,d can fudk; esa ,d f}ijek.kq vkn'kZ xSl ds fy, fuEu esa ls dkSulk ,d IykV fofHkUu Å"ekxfrd ifjek.kksa ds
e/; lEcU/kksa dks lgh&lgh ugha crkrk gS \

CP Cv
(1) (2)

P V

Cv U
(3) (4)

T T

Ans. (1)
Sol. Cp should not change with pressure.
Cp nkc ds lkFk ifjofrZr ugha gksuk pkfg,A

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