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Question Bank of Chemistry (SEM 1)

Unit I: Atomic and molecular structure

Q1. State and derive the Schrodinger wave equation.

Q2. Discuss the physical significance of  and 2. Or What is the physical significance of ?
Explain mathematically.
Q3. Give the main postulates of Molecular orbital theory.
Q4. Draw the molecular orbital diagram for the O2, N2, C2, B2, F2, CO & NO. Calculate the bond
Q5. What is Crystal field theory? Or Give postulates of Crystal field theory.
Q6. State the salient features of Band Theory of solids and give its application. Give the types
of energy bands.

Unit II. Spectroscopic techniques and applications

Q1. Give the principle and application of NMR Spectroscopy.

Q3. What is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)? Give its application
Q4. Discuss the principle and application of IR/vibrational-rotational spectroscopy.
Q5. State the selection rule for IR spectroscopy.
Q6. Discuss the principle and applications of electronic/ UV-Vis spectroscopy.
Q7. What are chromophores and auxochromes? Give examples.
Q8. What are Hypsochromic shift (or Blue shift), Bathochromic shift (or Red Shift),
Hyperchromic shift, and Hypochromic shift?

Unit III. Intermolecular forces and potential energy surfaces

Q1. State and derive Van der Waal’s equation for real gases.
Q2. Explain Critical Phenomenon. Or Define Critical Volume, Critical temperature and Critical
Pressure. Give their relation with van der waals’ constants “a” and “b”.
Q3. What are intermolecular forces? Discuss its types
Q4. Write short note on: Hydrogen bonding and its type with example.

Unit IV. Use of free energy in chemical equilibria

Q1. Define (a) Entropy, (b)Enthalpy & (c) Free Energy.

Q2. State and derive the Nernst equation for calculating the emf of a cell.
Q3. State and derive the relationship between Emf & Gibbs free energy.
Q4. What do you understand by hard and soft water? What are the causes of hardness of
water? Differentiate between Temporary and permanent hardness of water? Define
degree of hardness? What are the units of degree of hardness?
Q5. Explain Ion-Exchange process for softening of hard water? Give its advantages and
Q6. What is permutit? Explain the Permutit Process for softening of hard water? Give its
Q7. What is corrosion? Give its type and Discuss the methods of protection from corrosion.
Q8. Explain Elligham Diagram.
Unit V. Periodic properties

Q1. What do you understand by Effective nuclear charge? State the Slater’s Rule for
determining effective nuclear charge.
Q2. Define electron affinity. What are the factors that govern the electron affinity?
Q3. Define Ionization energy. What are the factors that govern the ionization energy?
Q4. Define Electronegativity. What are the factors that govern the electronegativity?
Q5. What are ionic and atomic radius? How do they vary in the periodic tables.
Q6. What is Coordination number? How is it related to the geometry of the compounds?
Q7. What are hard and soft acids and bases? Give examples.

Unit VI. Stereochemistry

Q1. Discuss briefly the isomerism and its type in organic compounds with suitable examples.
Q2. Write short note on Isomerism in transition metal compounds with suitable examples.
Q3. Discuss the conformational analysis of (a) Ethane, (b)Butane, & (c) Cyclohexane.
Q4. What are enantiomers and diastereomers? Give examples.
Q5. Discuss the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rule/ Sequence rule/ R-S Nomenclature.
Q6. Write short note on (a) Chirality & (b) Optical Activity.

Unit VII. Organic reactions and synthesis of a drug molecules

Q1. What are organic reactions? Give its type with one example each.
Q2. What are substitution reactions? Give its type with one example of each.
Q3. Distinguish between SN1 and SN2 Reactions.
Q4. What do you understand by oxidation and reduction reactions? Give examples.
Q5. What are Drugs? Give its types. Also, give the preparations of Aspirin and Paracetamol.