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Series GM

Operation and maintenance manual

Valid for the following tractor models: Table of contents


For tractors with cab or ROPS frame model: GENERAL INFORMATION

GM40-GM45-GM50 Tractor identification.


Introduction, warranty and safety notes.
Safety notes.
Safety decals.

INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS


CALIFORNIA Controls.
Instruments.
proposition 65 Warning
OPERATION
Diesel engine exhaust and some of Starting the engine.
its constituents are known to the Starting the tractor.
State of California to cause cancer, Gearbox.
birth defects, and other reproductive Power take-off.
harm. Four-wheel drive.
Brakes.
Differential lock
Track adjustment.
Wheels and tyres.
Auxiliary control valves.
Three point linkage.
Power lift.
Towing attachments.

MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS


Routine maintenance guide.
Running-in.
Tractor maintenance:
Greasing, oil level checks and changes.
Adjustments - axles, brakes and wheels.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Replacements - fuses, bulbs and batteries.

SPECIFICATIONS

LUBRICANTS AND FUELS CHART

'CE' DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

HITCHING IMPLEMENTS

ALPHABETICAL INDEX

Publication N. OM9 - 10920 GB


Published in 2003

1
Tractor identification

Tractor identification
The tractor is identified by a serial number stamped on
the front support and on the bonnet. The engine serial
number is stamped on the engine block.

Always state the chassis and engine serial numbers to


ensure prompt and efficient service when ordering
spare parts or when asking for technical explanations
or other information..

OUTPUT
MODEL
ENGINE
Chassis serial number ..................................................... A
Engine serial number .......................................................

Cab serial number ............................................................

Type of tractor ................................................................. A. Engine type and serial number.

Owner / Operator .............................................................

Address of Dealer ............................................................

.........................................................................................

Delivery date ....................................................................

Warranty expiry date ........................................................ 4


2
3
1

NOTE: Look after this Operation and Maintenance


Manual carefully and consult it whenever in doubt.

This publication has been written in compliance with International Standard ISO
3600 'Guide for: information, contents and presentation of operation and Type of tractor and chassis serial number (lower
maintenance manuals supplied with tractors and machinery for agricultural and
forestal use'.
dashboard panel).

Chassis type and serial number.

2
Introduction, warranty and safety notes

Table of contents Page N°


Introduction .......................................................................... 4
Warranty, pre-delivery ........................................................... 5
Safety notes .......................................................................... 5
Danger symbols and their terms .......................................... 6
Safety: Introduction .............................................................. 6
Advice for the operator ......................................................... 6
Comply with the safety regulations ..................................... 7
ROPS safety frame ............................................................... 8
Precautions for safe operation ............................................. 9
Tractor maintenance ............................................................. 11
Starting .................................................................................. 11
Working in safety .................................................................. 12
Safety .................................................................................... 18
After use ............................................................................... 18
Safety decals and their positions ......................................... 21

3
Introduction and warranty

Introduction NOTE: This manual has been written for world-wide


This manual has been written to provide the owner and distribution. Standard or optional equipment may vary
user with reliable and clear instructions on tractor depending on the territory in which the tractor is to
operation and maintenance. operate. Your local dealer will be pleased to provide
you with details of all optional extras available in your
By following the instructions in the manual, you will area.
not only get many years of efficient and faithful service
from your MCCORMICK tractor, but you will make your NOTE: Some of the illustrations in this manual have
work much easier. been taken from photographs of prototypes. Standard
production models may differ in some parts.
Your dealer will give you operating and maintenance
instructions when you take delivery of your new tractor WARNING: In order to make the illustrations clearer,
and will make sure you have understood them certain of the figures in this manual show the machine
correctly. However, should any part of this manual not with some of the safety panels or guards removed.
be clear to you, do not hesitate to contact your NEVER use the machine without these panels or guards
nearest dealer for explanations. It is very important for in position.
you to understand and strictly comply with these
instructions. Carry out the maintenance checks daily
and keep note of the number of hours the tractor has
worked.

Use only genuine MCCORMICK spare parts when


replacements are required. MCCORMICK local agents
not only supply genuine spare parts. They can also
give useful hints and instructions on how they are to
be mounted and used. Remember that non-genuine
parts can damage other components. You are
therefore strongly advised to purchase any spare parts
that may be necessary from an authorized
MCCORMICK agent or dealer. CAUTION and WARNING
The tremendous variety of conditions in which tractors These terms are used in this manual and on the safety
work the world over mean that MCCORMICK cannot decals to indicate operations that have serious implica-
provide perfectly accurate and up to date information tions for the safety of the machine parts (CAUTION) or
on the performance and efficiency of the tractors it for the safety of the operator (WARNING). Please
manufactures. The company therefore accepts no therefore read the texts indicated with the words
responsibility for loss or damage caused by its CAUTION or WARNING very carefully. Next to them you
publications or any error or omission therein. Should will see the symbol .
the vehicle ever be used in particularly adverse
conditions (e.g. in heavy soils or very muddy condi-
tions) contact your local dealer for specific instruc-
tions. Failure to do so may render null and void the
warranty on your tractor.

Customers are strongly advised to refer any difficulties NOTE: The "left" and "right" positions mentioned in this
in use or assistance to authorized dealers. The manual refer to the tractor as viewed from behind or
MCCORMICKdealership network is specially equipped when sitting in the driving seat looking forward.
and trained to provide assistance and to advise
customers on how to use the tractor in special
working conditions.

The names and addresses of dealers throughout the


world may be obtained from the address indicated on
the next page.

4
Introduction and warranty

Warranty, pre-delivery inspection, Safety notes


and delivery The operator's safety is one of the main concerns of
New products purchased through authorized dealers those who design and develop new tractors and the
are guaranteed, within certain limits, against defects in greatest possible number of safety devices are
materials and manufacture. included. Despite this fact, many accidents happen
every year that could have been avoided if the
This manual is published for world-wide distribution. It operator had taken greater care when handling
is thus impossible to describe the exact terms and farming machinery and equipment. Read this manual!
conditions of warranties in every single country. It will help you to avoid potential accidents. To
Purchasers of new tractors are kindly requested to illustrate parts more clearly, some of the drawings in
ask their local Dealer for full details. this manual show panels or guards removed.
Remember that the tractor must never be used in
Since it is a MCCORMICK policy to make constant these conditions. Leave all panels and guards in place.
improvements to all its products, the specifications of If you have to remove one to carry out repairs, you
its tractors may be modified at any moment and MUST fit it back in place before starting the tractor.
without notice. Remove and replace guards ONLY with the engine
switched off. DO NOT remove or cancel any Caution,
MCCORMICK declines all responsibility for Warning or Danger Instruction decals. Replace decals
discrepancies between a tractor's actual features and that are missing or illegible. If the decals are missing
the descriptions given in this manual. or damaged, new ones can be obtained from your
local dealer. The exact position for each safety decal
Your dealer is obliged to provide a number of specific is shown in this manual. If you have purchased a used
services when delivering a new tractor. tractor second-hand, check to make sure that all
safety decals are in the right positions and that they
These services include a thorough examination of the are perfectly legible.
tractor prior to delivery to ensure that it is perfectly
functional and ready for immediate use, and an Use of the tractor on public roads
explanation of all tractor operating and maintenance
instructions. These instructions cover the instruments
and controls, periodical maintenance and safety
USA and Canada only
precautions. When driving the tractor and its implements on main
and secondary roads (at a speed of no more than 40
It is essential for all those involved in tractor operation kph (25 mph), by day or by night, turn on the side
or maintenance to participate in this course. lights and display a Slow-Moving Vehicle sign. In most
MCCORMICKdeclines all responsibility for any damage places, the use of flashing amber warning lights is
caused by the use of non-approved parts. permitted. In some areas however, use of these lights
is forbidden by law. Make sure you are familiar with
NOTE: Please refer to the 'Warranty Book' provided local legal requirements for warning lights and vehicle
with each tractor sold for the conditions of warranty or identification symbols when driving on main roads.
for any problems concerning them. Use the safety chain. Consult the operator's instruction
manual provided with the implement or the farming
NOTE: MCCORMICK declines all responsibility in the machine attached to your tractor.
case of claims for damages deriving from use of spare
parts or accessories that are not of the approved type. All other countries
Make sure you are familiar with the traffic regulations
and abide by statutory regulations when driving your
tractor on public roads, with or without any
implements in tow. Always observe any regulations
concerning the transport of projecting equipment or
loads.

5
Safety notes

SAFETY AND DANGER SYMBOLS AND TERMS


This safety symbol means WARNING! BE CAREFUL YOU ARE IN DANGER!

This warning symbol shows that the manual contains important safety information about the machine.
When you see this symbol, watch out for potentially serious injury to the person.
Comply with the instructions given in the safety message.

WHY IS SAFETY IMPORTANT FOR YOU?

 ACCIDENTS CAN MAIM OR KILL 

 ACCIDENTS ARE COSTLY 

 ACCIDENTS ARE AVOIDABLE 

Safety on the tractor and implement


The tractor is a source of - Mechanical power - Hydraulic power.

On its own, a tractor is of little practical value.


Only when it is used with an implement or other equipment does it become a working unit.

This manual has been written to explain safe working practices that must be applied when using the tractor.

It does not cover all safety operations and instructions for all available implements and equipment that may be fitted
at the time of delivery or at some later date.

The operator must understand and abide by the instructions provided in the manuals of such implements and
equipment.

Safety: introduction Safety: rules for the operator


The safety section of your Operation and Maintenance It is YOUR responsibility to read and understand the
manual intends to highlight and point out some of the safety section in this manual before you start using
safety situations that you may come across during the tractor. You must follow these safety instructions
normal use and maintenance of your tractor and to as they take you step by step through your working
suggest ways of dealing with these circumstances. day.
This section does NOT substitute any other safety
regulations mentioned in other parts of this manual. In reading this section, you will notice that illustrations
are used to explain certain potentially dangerous
Extra precautions may be necessary depending on the situations. Each illustration has a number and the
implements being used and the operating conditions same number appears in brackets in the text. This
at the work site or in the service area. MCCORMICK number is placed at the end of the text that refers to
has no direct control over the applications, operations, the illustration.
inspection, lubrication or maintenance of the tractor
and it is thus YOUR responsibility to follow good Always remember that YOU are responsible for your
safety practices at all times. safety. Good safety practices not only protect you, but
also the people around you. Make sure you fully
understand the safety measures in this manual and
apply them at all times.

6
Safety notes

Always bear in mind that this safety section has been Follow the safety regulations
written specifically for this type of machine: remember For safe operation
to put into practice the safety rules that you learn from
For safe operation, only fully qualified and authorized
daily experience. REMEMBER - YOU ARE
operators are to use tractors. To qualify as an operator,
RESPONSIBLE FOR SAFETY. YOU CAN PREVENT
you must understand the instructions in this manual,
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. Always keep the
have training and know and understand the relevant
Operations and Maintenance Manual to hand. Keep it
safety and work regulations.
in the tool box or in a cab storage compartment if
fitted. Read this manual carefully and learn to use the
For example, some regulations specify that nobody
tractor and the controls safely. Never let anyone drive
under the age of 16 may use a work vehicle: this
the tractor without their first having understood all the
includes tractors. It is your responsibility to know
necessary instructions.
these regulations and to comply with them at all
times.
Safety - Danger, Warning and Caution
Every time you see the words and symbols shown They include the following instructions for using the
below in the manual and on the safety decals, you tractor safely.
MUST take note of their instructions and warnings.
WARNING: The operator must never use alcohol
DANGER: This symbol together with the word or drugs that can affect his attention or the
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous coordination of his movements. An operator
situation that, if not avoided, will result in who is prescribed narcotics or who uses them in
DEATH OR VERY SERIOUS INJURY. controlled amounts must have medical
authorization to use the tractor in conditions of
WARNING: This symbol together with the word safety.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that if not avoided, could result in Observe the following precautions
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
• DO NOT allow children or unauthorized persons to
drive your tractor.
CAUTION: This symbol together with the word
CAUTION is used to indicate a potentially • Fasten your seat belt if the tractor is fitted with a
roll-over protective structure.
hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may
result in SERIOUS INJURY.
• Whenever possible, do not use the tractor near
ditches or embankments.
IMPORTANT: The word IMPORTANT is used to identify
special instructions or procedures which, if not strictly • Reduce speed when turning the tractor, crossing
slopes and on rough, slippery or muddy surfaces.
observed, could result in DAMAGE, OR DESTRUCTION
OF THE MACHINE.
• Keep clear of slopes too steep for safe operation.
NOTE: The word NOTE is used to indicate points of
particular interest for more efficient and convenient
• Watch where you are going - especially at row
ends and around trees.
repair or operation.
• NEVER let anyone else ride the tractor or the
implement.
Decals
WARNING: DO NOT remove or obscure • Operate the tractor smoothly, with no sudden
movements: do not turn, start or stop abruptly.
DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION or
INSTRUCTION DECALS. Replace any Danger,
Warning, Caution or Instruction decals that • Hitch only to the drawbar and recommended hitch
points - NEVER hitch above the central line of the
are not readable or are missing. Replacement rear axle.
decals are available from your Dealer in the
event of loss or damage. The location of these • Apply the parking brake whenever the tractor is
stopped.
Safety Decals is illustrated at the end of this
section.
If a used tractor has been purchased, refer to the
• Never alter or remove any part of the equipment.
illustrations at the end of this section to ensure that all • Keep others well clear of your work area.
the safety warning decals are in the correct position
and are readable. • NEVER use attachments that are not designed for
your tractor.

7
Safety notes

Roll Over Protective Structure


(ROPS)
Roll over protective structure (ROPS)
Either a roll-over protective structure or a cab is
mounted as standard equipment together with a seat
belt: if the safety structure or cab have been removed,
you are advised to fit the tractor with a safety
structure or cab and a seat belt. A ROPS structure or a
ROPS cab reduce the risk of injury should the tractor
roll over. Rolling over without a ROPS or ROPS cab
can cause damage, serious injury or death.

Use
• Before using the tractor, ensure that the ROPS
frame or the ROPS cab has not been damaged and
that it is securely fastened to the tractor.

• DO NOT attach chains, cables, etc. to the ROPS


frame or to the ROPS cab for towing purposes as Fig. 1. 1A.
this could cause the tractor to tip up: always use the
drawbar for this purpose.

• Always fasten your seat belt (only if applicable). Do


not wear the seat belt if the tractor is not equipped
with a ROPS or cab.

• Check the seat belt for damage. Damaged belts


must be replaced.

Damaged ROPS or cabs


If the tractor has rolled over and the ROPS or the cab
have been damaged, they must be replaced in order to
ensure the original degree of protection.

After an accident, check the ROPS or cab, the driving


seat, the seat belt and the anchor points of the seat
belt. Replace all damaged parts before using the tractor
again.

DO NOT WELD, DRILL, BEND OR STRAIGHTEN THE


ROPS OR CAB: to do so reduces the degree of protec-
tion that is ensured by the original equipment.
Fig. 1. 1B.
Safety precautions
Protect yourself
Wear all protective clothing and any personal protection
devices called for by the work conditions. Never take
risks (Fig. 1. 2).
You need the following protective clothing:
• A hard hat.

• Safety goggles or mask.


• Hearing protection.
• Respirator or filter mask.
• Clothing for bad weather.
• Reflective clothing.
• Heavy duty gloves (neoprene for chemicals, leather
for heavy duty jobs).

• Safety shoes.
Fig. 1. 2

8
Safety notes

Tie up long hair and DO NOT wear loose clothing,


jewellery or other items that might catch on controls or
other parts of the tractor.

You are advised to have fire extinguishers and a first


aid kit and to know where they are located. You
should also know where the emergency equipment is
kept and how to obtain help quickly. Make sure you
know how to use this equipment (Fig. 1. 3).

Know your tractor


Know your tractor. Learn how to operate the tractor
and the implements and equipment that are used with
it. Learn the purpose of each control and instrument.
You must know the payload capacity, the range of
speeds, braking and steering characteristics, the
steering lock, etc.

Remember that rain, snow, ice and soft ground can


affect the movement of your tractor. When on
Fig. 1. 3
slippery or steep surfaces, be especially careful and
engage the four-wheel drive if fitted.

Study the DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION


decals on your tractor and the information they
contain.

BEFORE TURNING ON THE ENGINE, READ THIS


MANUAL CAREFULLY AND LEARN TO USE THE
MACHINE CORRECTLY IN CONDITIONS OF ABSOLUTE
SAFETY (Fig. 1. 4).
IF THERE IS ANYTHING IN THIS MANUAL THAT YOU DO
NOT UNDERSTAND, ASK SOMEONE WHO HAS MORE
EXPERIENCE (SUCH AS YOUR DEALER) TO EXPLAIN IT
TO YOU.

IMPORTANT: This manual covers the safety regula-


tions for farming tractors. Keep this manual in your
tractor. Further copies can be obtained from your
dealer.

Use all available protection and safety systems


Fig. 1. 4
Keep all protective devices in place and secured. Make sure
that all protective devices, guards and safety signs are
mounted correctly and that they are in good working order.
The following are also needed:
To ensure your safety and that of anyone else present, • An extinguisher.

the tractor must be equipped with: • Rear view mirrors.


• ROPS frame or ROPS cab and seat belt in North
America that must be worn at all times. • SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem in North
America.
• PTO shield.
• Additional safety guards and lights.
You must know which safety devices are required for
safe operation of your tractor. Use them. Make sure
they are in place and in working order. NEVER remove
or disconnect any safety devices.

9
Safety notes

Check the equipment


Before starting your day's work, take time to check
your tractor and ensure that all systems are in good
working order.
• Check for loose, broken, missing or damaged
parts. Make any repairs that may be necessary.

• Make sure all safety devices are in place.


• Check the ROPS and seat belt for damage. Replace
the ROPS or belt if damaged.

• Ensure that implements and attachments are


properly fixed and that the tractor and implement
PTO RPM ratings match.

• Check the tyres for cuts, cracks, wear and correct


pressure. Replace damaged or worn tyres.

• Check the operation of the brake padels and


parking brake. Adjust if necessary.

• Stop the engine and wait for it to cool before


refuelling. Fig. 1. 5

• DO NOT smoke while refuelling the tractor (Fig. 1.


5). Keep flames at a safe distance.

• Check the engine oil level and top up if required.


• Perform all maintenance and adjustment procedure
outlines in the Routine Maintenance section.

• Check that the PTO safety locking devices are


connected.

• Check that the PTO guard and drivelines are


correctly mounted.

• Check the hydraulic systems of the tractor and


implements.

WARNING: Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluids under


pressure can harm the skin and eyes and cause
serious injury or death. Leaks of fluid under
pressure may not be visible. Use a piece of card
or wood to locate the leak. Never use your bare
hand. Always wear protective goggles. If any fluid
is injected into the skin, it must be removed Fig. 1. 6
surgically within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this type of injury (Fig. 1. 6).

Before applying pressure to the fuel injection system or


to the hydraulic system, make sure that all connections
are tight and that none of the rigid or flexible pipes is
damaged. Before disconnecting the fuel or hydraulic
lines, be sure to relieve all pressure from the circuit.

10
Safety notes

WARNING: The cooling system is under pres-


sure when the engine is hot. Turn off the engine
and let it cool before removing the radiator
cap. Gently loosen the cap one turn and release
any residual pressure before unscrewing it
completely.

Check the engine cooling system and add coolant as


required.

Cleaning
• Keep the engine clean.
• Before washing the tractor, always lower imple-
ments to the ground, place the transmission in
neutral, engage the parking brake, switch off the
engine and remove the key.

• Keep the steps, pedals and floor clean.


Remove any grease and oil. Remove dust, mud
and any other dirt. Clear away snow or ice in
winter. Remember - slippery surfaces are danger- Fig. 1. 7
ous.

• Remove and put away tools, keys, hooks, etc.


Servicing the tractor
• Never service the tractor while the engine is
running or hot or when the tractor is moving (Fig. Starting
1. 7). Warn bystanders before starting up
• Before servicing or adjusting the electrical system,
disconnect the battery cables, negative (-) cable
Before turning on the engine, walk round the tractor
and any attached equipment. Check that there is
first. nobody under or near it. Warn other workers or
onlookers that you are about to start up the tractor
• To prevent fires or explosions, keep flames well
clear of the battery and from cold-weather starting and do not turn the key until everyone is away from
aids. the tractor, implement or trailer.

• When making repairs or adjustments, you are


advised to consult your dealer or have the work
Before starting the engine, make sure that any by-
standers, particularly children, are well away from the
carried out by a skilled technician.
tractor.
• The implements and/or tractor must be supported
on suitable blocks or stands. NOT on hydraulic Getting on and off the tractor
jacks. When getting on and off the tractor, always face it and
use three points of contact.
• Check all nuts and bolts periodically for tightness,
especially hub and rim nuts. Tighten to the pre- ("Three points of contact" means keeping both hands
scribed torque values. and one foot, or one hand and two feet in contact with
the tractor at all times when getting on or off the
• Check the brakes regularly and adjust if neces-
sary. Make sure that the brakes are correctly
tractor).
adjusted and that they are both coupled together,
especially when using a trailer or traveling on a Clean your shoes and dry your hands before getting
road. on. Make use of the appropriate steps, grab handles
and handrails when getting on and off the tractor.
Protect the environment
• Itsoil.
is illegal to pollute drains, water courses or the
Use authorized waste disposal facilities or
NEVER use control levers as a handhold and never
step on foot controls when getting on or off.
garages providing waste oil disposal facilities. If in
doubt, contact your local authority for advice. NEVER try to get on or off a moving tractor.

NEVER under any circumstances jump off the tractor.

11
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