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A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting CASE STUDY 1 EHU
A2PBEER – Affordable
and Adaptable Public
Buildings through
Energy Efficient
Retrofitting
CASE STUDY 1
EHU BUILDING
BILBAO
Workshop
12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Dr. Jon Terés-Zubiaga
UPV/EHU

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

Content of this presentation

PART 1: UPV/EHU building. Preintervention description ( PRE )

PART 2: Proposed project ( PRO )

PART 3: Expected energy use reduction (EnS)

( PRO )  PART 3: Expected energy use reduction (EnS) WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
( PRO )  PART 3: Expected energy use reduction (EnS) WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PART 1. – UPV/EHU building description

Retrofitting PART 1. – UPV/EHU building description WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 3
Retrofitting PART 1. – UPV/EHU building description WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 3

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE1 – Location and general information

Retrofitting PRE1 – Location and general information Location Climate Weather data Type of building

Location

Climate

Weather data

Type of building

Year of const.

Leioa (near Bilbao)

 

Airport

   

Oceanic

(8 km)

Office

1970

Airport     Oceanic (8 km) Office 1970 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Airport     Oceanic (8 km) Office 1970 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE2 – General characteristics

Orientation

Dimensions

Buildings

Floors

Net area / volume

N S

110x22x19.3 m

4

Ground floor + 3

8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3

m 4 Ground floor + 3 8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F
m 4 Ground floor + 3 8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F

Ground floor

floor + 3 8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o
floor + 3 8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o

Floor 1

8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o r 1 Floor
8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o r 1 Floor
8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o r 1 Floor
8973 m 2 / 41775 m 3 Ground floor F l o o r 1 Floor

Floor 2

Floor 3

Roof 5
Roof
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WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE3 – Building operation

Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE3 – Building operation O c c u p a t i o
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE3 – Building operation O c c u p a t i o
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE3 – Building operation O c c u p a t i o
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE3 – Building operation O c c u p a t i o

Occupation

Heating + Refrigeration + Illumination

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE4 – Thermal envelope. Overview.

Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE4 – Thermal envelope. Overview. WP6, Workshop, 12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 7
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE4 – Thermal envelope. Overview. WP6, Workshop, 12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 7
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE4 – Thermal envelope. Overview. WP6, Workshop, 12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 7
WP6, Workshop, 12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 7
WP6, Workshop, 12‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls.

NORTH FAÇADE

PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. NORTH FAÇADE Ground floor: facing bricks with air cavity +

Ground floor: facing bricks with air cavity + 3 cm of insulation; concrete blocks The other floors: precast concrete panels.

SOUTH FAÇADE XXXXXX XXXXXX

precast concrete panels. SOUTH FAÇADE XXXXXX XXXXXX E A S T F A Ç A D

EAST FAÇADE XXXXXX XXXXXX

XXXXXX E A S T F A Ç A D E XXXXXX XXXXXX Precast concrete panels,

Precast concrete panels, except in the rectors area (wood finish with thermal insulation)

WEST FAÇADE XXXXXX XXXXXX

finish with thermal insulation) WEST FAÇADE XXXXXX XXXXXX Ground floor: facing bricks with air cavity +

Ground floor: facing bricks with air cavity + 3 cm of insulation; concrete blocks The other floors: precast concrete panels.

concrete blocks The other floors: precast concrete panels. Precast concrete panels except the ground floor (Nursery:

Precast concrete panels except the ground floor (Nursery: facing bricks). The most exposed façade.

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ground floor (Nursery: facing bricks). The most exposed façade. 8 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls.

Retrofitting PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. Points to take into account: • Thermal bridges (corners,
Retrofitting PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. Points to take into account: • Thermal bridges (corners,
Retrofitting PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. Points to take into account: • Thermal bridges (corners,
Retrofitting PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. Points to take into account: • Thermal bridges (corners,
Retrofitting PRE5 – Thermal envelope. Opaque walls. Points to take into account: • Thermal bridges (corners,

Points to take into account:

Thermal bridges (corners, pillars, platform…) Structure in façade Shading element in the south façade Different finishes Projecting parts of the façade (heterogeneous)

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finishes • Projecting parts of the façade (heterogeneous) 9 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE6 – Thermal envelope. Windows.

3 different kinds of windows currently:

•Wood frame and single glazing •Aluminium frame (without thermal break), double glazing •Aluminium frame (with thermal break), double glazing

•Aluminium frame (with thermal break), double glazing Points to take into account: • Some windows have

Points to take into account:

Some windows have an acceptable thermal performance Shading devices in south façade

thermal performance • Shading devices in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
thermal performance • Shading devices in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

thermal performance • Shading devices in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE7 – Thermal envelope. Roof.

Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE7 – Thermal envelope. Roof. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE7 – Thermal envelope. Roof. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE7 – Thermal envelope. Roof. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRE7 – Thermal envelope. Roof. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE8 – Energy systems. HVAC and DHW.

1. Space heating load. Is met by a district heating system. It provides hot water to the different buildings of the campus.

7 natural gas fired condensing boilers

Building heating distribution system is formed by 2 independent circuits: radiators placed on north and south facing rooms.

Heat production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC

production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC 12 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC 12 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC 12 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
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production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC 12 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
production and distribution temperature ranges from 100 to 80 ºC 12 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE8 – Energy systems. HVAC and DHW.

2. Cooling. No centralized cooling system. Some areas are covered by autonomous systems.

system. Some areas are covered by autonomous systems. 3. Ventilation: No mechanical ventilation system is

3. Ventilation: No mechanical ventilation system is available currently. Rooms are ventilated by opening operable windows by the users.

4. DHW: DHW demand is negligible.

operable windows by the users. 4. DHW: DHW demand is negligible. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
operable windows by the users. 4. DHW: DHW demand is negligible. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRE9 – Energy systems. Lighting.

Lighting system mainly consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long.

consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
consists in fluorescent tubes luminaries that are on all day long. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PART 2. – Proposed project

Energy Efficient Retrofitting PART 2. – Proposed project WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Energy Efficient Retrofitting PART 2. – Proposed project WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO1 – Objectives and areas of intervention

OBJECTIVES

1. Make some structural repairs

2. Improve the global energy performance of the building (Passive and active elements)

3. Improve the comfort conditions of the workplaces

4. Update the building image

AREAS OF INTERVENTION. SUMMARY Opaque façade: External ventilated façade with vacuum insulation panels (VIPs). Windows: A2PBEER reversible windows + high performance windows (orientation) + Shading element in the nursery (?) Rooftop: To cover the unprotected part + addition a mineral wool insulation in the nursery ceiling Lighting: (West block only) Fiber optic + LED in the 2 nd floor; Smart control of LED lighting depending of the natural lighting availability HVAC: (West block only) Mechanical ventilation (including free cooling) + Thermostatic control valves

ventilation (including free cooling) + Thermostatic control valves WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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ventilation (including free cooling) + Thermostatic control valves WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO2 – Issues that need special considering

OPAQUE WALLS

1. Design of VIPs and ventilated façade. In order to define constructive details of façade and joints:

order to define constructive details of façade and joints: 17 Windows ‐ opaque walls Corners Projecting
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Windowsopaque walls Corners Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade

Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,
Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,
Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,
Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,
Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,
Projecting parts and pillars Shading element in south façade WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016,

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO2 – Issues that need special considering

WINDOWS

1. Shading elements in south façade

special considering WINDOWS 1. Shading elements in south façade 18 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September
special considering WINDOWS 1. Shading elements in south façade 18 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September
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special considering WINDOWS 1. Shading elements in south façade 18 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September
special considering WINDOWS 1. Shading elements in south façade 18 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO3 – Envelope. Opaque walls.

The whole opaque façade are going to be covered with the A2PBEER project developed external ventilated façade with vacuum insulation panels (VIPs). Thermal transmittance value: 0.27W/m 2 K.

panels (VIPs). Thermal transmittance value: 0.27W/m 2 K. ‐ PVC clip system mounting to the wall

PVC clip system mounting to the wall 1100x700x30 insulation panels finished with protecting rubber.

‐ 1100x700x30 insulation panels finished with protecting rubber. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
‐ 1100x700x30 insulation panels finished with protecting rubber. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
‐ 1100x700x30 insulation panels finished with protecting rubber. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
‐ 1100x700x30 insulation panels finished with protecting rubber. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO3 – Envelope. Opaque walls.

EXTERNAL INSULATION CONTINUITY

PRO3 – Envelope. Opaque walls. EXTERNAL INSULATION CONTINUITY WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
PRO3 – Envelope. Opaque walls. EXTERNAL INSULATION CONTINUITY WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
PRO3 – Envelope. Opaque walls. EXTERNAL INSULATION CONTINUITY WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO4 – Envelope. Windows.

CURRENT SITUATION Aluminum with TB Break

Aluminum without TB Break Painted wood

with TB Break Aluminum without TB Break Painted wood PROPOSAL No change A2PBEER reversible windows High

PROPOSAL

No change A2PBEER reversible windows High performance windows

Low E windows: North faç.

Solar control (g=0.4) South faç .

North faç. ‐ Solar control (g=0.4) South faç . Shading element to reduce solar gains in
North faç. ‐ Solar control (g=0.4) South faç . Shading element to reduce solar gains in
North faç. ‐ Solar control (g=0.4) South faç . Shading element to reduce solar gains in

Shading element to reduce solar gains in the nursery (*)

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WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO5 – Envelope. Roof.

Energy Efficient Retrofitting PRO5 – Envelope. Roof. The current roof is partially covered with 5 cm

The current roof is partially covered with 5 cm XPS tiles and partially unprotected. It is proposed to cover the unprotected part with 5 cm XPS tiles. In some areas, VIPs installation is planed.

with 5 cm XPS tiles. In some areas, VIPs installation is planed. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐
with 5 cm XPS tiles. In some areas, VIPs installation is planed. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO6 – Lighting system.

Current lighting system is going to be substituted by:

Hybrid luminaires; LED lighting + fibre optic/difussers + control: Luminaires that provide

natural lighting + LED power to achieve the lighting levels needed.

LED lighting + control: Luminaries that controls LED power depending on the available

natural light.

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that controls LED power depending on the available natural light. 23 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
that controls LED power depending on the available natural light. 23 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
that controls LED power depending on the available natural light. 23 WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO7 – HVAC System.

Heating System:

District heating remains the same Distribution: Thermostatic control valves installed on the hot water radiators

DHW: No changes Ventilation system: Four air handing units located in each floor Cooling system:
DHW:
No changes
Ventilation system: Four air handing units located in each floor
Cooling system:
Free cooling for summer period
in each floor Cooling system: Free cooling for summer period WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September
in each floor Cooling system: Free cooling for summer period WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PRO8 – HVAC System. Ventilation

Free cooling for summer period
Free cooling for summer period

Ventilation system: Four air handing units located in each floor

Cooling system:

Four air handing units located in each floor Cooling system: Ventilation system control. Sumer period. WP6,

Ventilation system control. Sumer period.

floor Cooling system: Ventilation system control. Sumer period. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
floor Cooling system: Ventilation system control. Sumer period. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

PART 3. – Expected energy use reduction

Retrofitting PART 3. – Expected energy use reduction WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao
Retrofitting PART 3. – Expected energy use reduction WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

EnS1 – Expected savings. Energy savings potential.

EnS1 – Expected savings. Energy savings potential. EXPECTED ENERGY SAVINGS: Lighting: 62% Space heating: 46%

EXPECTED ENERGY SAVINGS:

Lighting: 62% Space heating: 46% Space cooling: (*) TOTAL SAVINGS: 42.5%

(*) Energy consumed by the fans for the ventilation has been included as “Space cooling”; for that reason, no energy savings on space cooling are resulted.

for that reason, no energy savings on space cooling are resulted. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13
for that reason, no energy savings on space cooling are resulted. WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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A2PB A2PBEER – Affordable and Adaptable Public Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting

Questions?

Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting Questions? WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 28
Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting Questions? WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 28
Buildings through Energy Efficient Retrofitting Questions? WP6, Workshop, 12 ‐ 13 September 2016, Bilbao 28

WP6, Workshop, 1213 September 2016, Bilbao

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