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25/11/2018 Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger - Power, Electronic Systems, Applications and Resources on Electrical and Electronic

Electronic Project-Thesis

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Electrical and Electronic Project-Thesis

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Home » Battery Charger , Circuit Diagrams , EEE , Electronics » Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger

Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger


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18650 Charger 3 Phase 12V Batteries

Let us design a battery charger using


555 timer IC and some simple
equipment. If we want to keep the
charger always plugged in and use the
system when the charging in progress
this circuit will be vital. For this circuit to
be simple let us choose an AC-DC
adapter available in household. I am
using an adapter of a TV card providing
5.25 volt DC and I shall use a 3.7 volt
cell-phone Lithium-ion battery. Download PDF (Free)
To View PDF, Download Here
First of all we have to design a constant
current source. It is simple to make with EasyPDFCombine OPEN
pnp transistor and a resistor.

Here current is limited by R1-6.8 Ω resistor. To get constant current we need constant voltage,
which is provided by the voltage difference across three diodes and emiter-base junction (say
3 х 0.7 – 0.7 = 1.4 V).

So, Current through the resistor is,

1.4/6.8 = 205.88 mA

Now we need a triggering mechanism to automatically turn off or turn on the pnp Transistor.

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25/11/2018 Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger - Power, Electronic Systems, Applications and Resources on Electrical and Electronic Project-Thesis

Now we include a npn transistor which can cut off or turn on Q1 and the other end of R3 will go
to pin no.3 of 555 timer IC. Let design control circuit.

New

Now we have got 2 comparator and a flip-flop which are very vital for this design. First connect
the pin 8 and 4 to the positive supply terminal. Then inverting input of Q1 set to (2 х 5.6/3 =)
3.73 V (app.) and the non-inverting input of Q2 set to (5.6/3 =) 1.867 V (app.). Let decide when
to start charging the battery and when to stop charging. For cell-phone battery we can stop
charging when it charged to approximately 3.7 V and we will consider this 3.69 V for toggle the
output and let 2.9 V be the lower limit after which the battery will begin to charge automatically.
Let us make simple voltage divider for getting upper threshold and lower threshold voltage. For
lower threshold voltage when battery voltage become 2.9 Volt we need 1.867 Volt at pin no. 2
and for upper threshold voltage we need 3.73 volt at pin no. 6. But it is impossible because the
highest voltage can be provided by the battery is 3.7 V. So we have to change the supply
voltage. We can easily use a zener diode or regulator IC to make the supply voltage 5 volt.

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25/11/2018 Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger - Power, Electronic Systems, Applications and Resources on Electrical and Electronic Project-Thesis
Three-phase full-wave Controlled
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UTP = 2 х 5/3 = 3.33 V (app.) Rectifier/Inverter
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LTP = 5/3 = 1.667 V (app.) operation of a thyristor single-phase
bridge in both rectifier and inverter
now it is possible to get 3.33 volt at pin no. 6 and 1.667 V at pin no. 2. modes. To demonstrate the ...

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In many variable-speed drives, the
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Choosing b = 1k and b = 10k we will get approximate value of 3.335 volt.

For LTP we have, Three Phase Induction Motor


Starting Methodology Assessment
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Now the control circuit can be included with the previous circuit.
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25/11/2018 Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger - Power, Electronic Systems, Applications and Resources on Electrical and Electronic Project-Thesis

Here is a rough Vero board layout.

Now have a look at another circuit diagram to make it clear how to modify this circuit for other
type of battery with different voltage. let choose a 6 Volt lead-acid battery.

A variable resistor can be used instead of R4 and R5 and also can be used another instead of
R2 and R1. To charge more than one battery from this circuit use the following circuit diagram-

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25/11/2018 Simple Auto Turn-off Battery Charger - Power, Electronic Systems, Applications and Resources on Electrical and Electronic Project-Thesis

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Posted by Sajib Barua


Labels: Battery Charger, Circuit Diagrams, EEE, Electronics

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