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Word Formation B2

Słowotwórstwo B2
ROMAN OCIEPA

Bielsko-Biała 2017
Polonsky
Iwona Polońska-Ociepa
al. Armii Krajowej 141 m. 2A
43-300 Bielsko-Biała
Poland
tel. (+48) 504 109 896
www.polonsky.pl

Copyright © 2017 by Polonsky

First published 2017

ISBN 978-83-63630-09-6

Active Matura format devised by Roman Ociepa

Cover designed by Paweł Panczakiewicz / PANCZAKIEWICZ ART.DESIGN

Layout designed by Agata Korzeńska / IDEE.PL

Edited by Marcin Siwiec

Typeset in Fira Sans by Marcin Siwiec / mBOOKS. marcin siwiec

Proofread by Aleksandra Procek

The publisher would like to thank Pamela Gurdek for permission to reproduce Roman
Ociepa’s photograph.

Printed in Poland by Omnidium

Copyright
All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of the
Publisher.
Magdzie Faber-Wilczyńskiej
za pomoc i troskę
Contents / Spis treści
Wstęp.......................................................................................................................................13
O Autorze................................................................................................................................14
Podziękowania.......................................................................................................................14
Oznaczenia użyte w książce................................................................................................15

Theory and Practice / Teoria i ćwiczenia....................... 17

01 Determiners and pronouns...........................................................................18


Określniki i zaimki
my, yours, him, herself

02 Plural..................................................................................................................20
Liczba mnoga
buses, parties, tomatoes, shelves, children

03 Past Participle..................................................................................................22
Imiesłów bierny
born, cooked, discussed, frozen, left

04 Present Participle............................................................................................24
Imiesłów czynny
confusing, missing, screaming, walking

05 Adverbs..............................................................................................................26
Przysłówki
angrily, carefully, nervously, well

06 Comparative.....................................................................................................28
Stopień wyższy
better, cheaper, thinner, luckier

07 Superlative.......................................................................................................30
Stopień najwyższy
best, cheapest, thinnest, luckiest
08 Adjectives with -ED and -ING........................................................................32
Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -ED i -ING
bored, boring, interested, interesting

09 Adjectives with -LY..........................................................................................34


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -LY
elderly, lively, lonely, weekly

10 Adjectives with -OUS......................................................................................35


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -OUS
courageous, victorious

11 Adjectives with -IC and -ICAL........................................................................36


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -IC i -ICAL
photographic, governmental

12 Adjectives with -ABLE.....................................................................................37


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -ABLE
admirable, washable, comfortable, honourable

13 Adjectives with -IVE........................................................................................38


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -IVE
attractive, talkative

14 Prefixes OVER- and UNDER-...........................................................................39


Przyrostki OVER- i UNDER-
overestimated, underfinanced

15 Number prefixes..............................................................................................40
Przedrostki liczbowe
monorail, tricycle

16 Opposites with UN- and DIS-........................................................................42


Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem UN- i DIS-
uncomfortable, dishonest
17 Opposites with UN- and DIS-........................................................................43
Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem UN- i DIS-
disagree, unload

18 Opposites with DIS- and DE-.........................................................................44


Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem DIS- i DE-
disappear, deactivate, de-ice

19 Opposites with IL-, IM-, IN- and IR-..............................................................45


Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem IL-, IM-, IN- oraz IR-
impolite, irrelevant

20 Opposites with IL-, IR-, IM- and IN-..............................................................46


Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem IL-, IR-, IM- oraz IN-
inaccuracy, imperfection

21 Prefixes PRE- and FORE-................................................................................47


Przedrostki PRE- and FORE-
forebears, premarital, prefabricated

22 Prefix RE-...........................................................................................................48
Przedrostek RE-
regenerate, regeneration

23 Prefixes MONO-, MULTI- and POLY-..............................................................49


Przedrostki MONO-, MULTI- i POLY-
monosyllabic, multiracial, polytheism

24 Prefixes EM- and EN-.......................................................................................50


Przedrostki EM- oraz EN-
embark, encamp

25 Prefixes EVER- and UP-...................................................................................51


Przedrostki EVER- oraz UP-
ever-present, ever-stranger, upwind, upturn, upend
26 Prefixes MAL- and MIS-...................................................................................52
Przedrostki MAL- i MIS-
malfunction, misunderstanding

27 Prefixes A- and NON-......................................................................................53


Przedrostki A- oraz NON-
amoral, non-alcoholic

28 Prefixes ANTI- and COUNTER-.......................................................................54


Przedrostki ANTI- oraz COUNTER-
anti-nuclear, anti-bacterial, counterattack

29 Prefixes ARCH-, SUB- and SUPER-................................................................55


Przedrostki ARCH-, SUB- i SUPER-
archangel, substandard, superhuman

30 Suffix -EN...........................................................................................................56
Przyrostek -EN
broaden, heighten

31 Suffixes -CY and -ITY......................................................................................57


Przyrostki -CY oraz -ITY
accuracy, presidency, immunity

32 Suffixes -NESS, -TH and -T.............................................................................58


Przyrostki -NESS, -TH oraz -T
illness, death

33 Suffixes -ER and -OR.......................................................................................60


Przyrostki -ER i -OR
baker, supervisor

34 Suffix -MENT.....................................................................................................62
Przyrostek -MENT
achievement, requirement
35 Suffixes -ER and -OR.......................................................................................63
Przyrostki -ER i -OR
blender, detector

36 Suffixes -EE and -ER........................................................................................64


Przyrostki -EE i -ER
trainee, absentee, trainer

37 Suffix -FUL.........................................................................................................65
Przyrostek -FUL
bagful, thimbleful

38 Suffixes -FUL and -LESS.................................................................................66


Przyrostki -FUL i -LESS
deceitful, brainless, countless

39 Suffixes -IAN and -IST.....................................................................................68


Przyrostki -IST oraz -IAN
beautician, Elizabethan, cartoonist, bassist, anarchist

40 Suffix -PROOF...................................................................................................70
Przyrostek -PROOF
childproof, shockproof

41 Suffix -AGE.........................................................................................................71
Przyrostek -AGE
shrinkage, voltage

42 Suffix -ANCE......................................................................................................72
Przyrostek -ANCE
alliance, arrogance

43 Suffix -ENCE......................................................................................................73
Przyrostek -ENCE
dependence, convenience
44 Suffix -ION.........................................................................................................74
Przyrostek -ION
prevention, combination

45 Suffix -SION.......................................................................................................76
Przyrostek -SION
division

46 Suffix -AL...........................................................................................................77
Przyrostek -AL
conventional, portrayal

47 Words with one prefix and one suffix 1......................................................78


Słowa z przedrostkiem i przyrostkiem 1
impersonal, unsociable

48 Words with one prefix and one suffix 2......................................................79


Słowa z przedrostkiem i przyrostkiem 2
insensible, unreliable

49 Words with one prefix and one suffix 3......................................................80


Słowa z przedrostkiem i przyrostkiem 3
improperly, unsweetened

50 Words with one prefix and two suffixes.....................................................81


Słowa z przedrostkiem i dwoma przyrostkami
insensitivity, oversimplification

Matura Tasks / Zadania maturalne.................................. 83

51 Matura Tasks 1..................................................................................................84


Zadania maturalne
Dinosaurs • To Phubb or Not to Phubb?

52 Matura Tasks 2.................................................................................................86


Zadania maturalne
Razor Revolution • Designing a Herb Garden
53 Matura Tasks 3.................................................................................................88
Zadania maturalne
How to Overcome FOMO • Unsolved UK Murder Mysteries

54 Matura Tasks 4.................................................................................................90


Zadania maturalne
Stop Food Waste • Emotional Granularity

55 Matura Tasks 5.................................................................................................92


Zadania maturalne
The Wall • Best Job in the World?

56 Matura Tasks 6.................................................................................................94


Zadania maturalne
Taking the Leap into Homeschooling • Ninth Avenue Noir

57 Matura Tasks 7..................................................................................................96


Zadania maturalne
London 2012 Olympic Games • Sherlock

58 Matura Tasks 8.................................................................................................98


Zadania maturalne
Defining Death • Malbork Castle

59 Matura Tasks 9.................................................................................................100


Zadania maturalne
Discover Poland • Amazon Go

60 Matura Tasks 10...............................................................................................102


Zadania maturalne
The Guinness Book of Records • What Are Air Pollution, Smog and Acid Rain?

Answer Key / Klucz odpowiedzi....................................... 105


Form Tables / Formy wyrazów.......................................... 121

01 Personal Pronouns, Possessive Adjectives, Object Pronouns,


Reflexive Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns................................................122
Zaimki osobowe, przymiotniki dzierżawcze, zaimki dopełnieniowe, zaimki zwrotne,
zaimki dzierżawcze

02 Irregular plural.................................................................................................122
Nieregularna liczba mnoga

03 Past Participle..................................................................................................123
Imiesłów bierny

04 Present Participle............................................................................................123
Imiesłów czynny

05 Adverbs..............................................................................................................124
Przysłówki

06, 07 Comparison of adjectives and adverbs..................................................125


Stopniowanie przymiotników i przysłówków

11 Adjectives with -IC and -ICAL........................................................................125


Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -IC i -ICAL

32 Nouns with -TH and -T....................................................................................126


Rzeczowniki z przyrostkiem -TH oraz -T
Wstęp

Podręcznik Word Formation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 powstał z myślą o uczniach


przygotowujących się do egzaminu maturalnego z języka angielskiego na poziomie
rozszerzonym (B2).

Podręcznik Word Formation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 składa się z dwóch części. W pierwszej
znajduje się 50 ćwiczeń, w których dokonano systematycznego przeglądu form
pochodnych. Ze względu na rodzaj zadań, jakie występują na egzaminie maturalnym,
autor skupił się na ważniejszych zagadnieniach gramatycznych (np. tworzenie liczby
mnogiej, formy imiesłowów czynnych i biernych itp.) oraz tworzeniu nowych wyrazów
przy pomocy procesów prefiksacji i sufiksacji. W drugiej części podręcznika znajduje
się 20 zadań maturalnych: 10 zadań z luką (tzw. test luk z podanymi wyrazami) oraz
10 typowych zadań na słowotwórstwo.

Ze względu na złożoność i skomplikowanie zagadnienia, jakim jest słowotwórstwo


w języku angielskim, materiał zawarty w tym podręczniku wykracza poza poziom B2 –
niektóre formy pochodne kwalifikowane są przez uznane słowniki języka angielskiego,
np. Cambridge Dictionary (dictionary.cambridge.org), jako wyrazy na poziomie C1 i C2.
Z tego względu Word Formation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 będzie również przydatnym
narzędziem pracy dla osób z bardziej zaawansowaną znajomością języka angielskiego.

Podręcznik Word Formation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 zawiera pełny klucz odpowiedzi,


dlatego nadaje się zarówno do pracy w klasie, jak i do samodzielnej powtórki.

Roman Ociepa
Bielsko-Biała, 2017

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 13


O autorze
Roman Ociepa uzyskał dyplom licencjacki (NKJO UJ,
1995) oraz dyplom magisterski (IFA UJ, 1999) z zakresu
filologii angielskiej. Uczy języka angielskiego od ponad
20 lat. Jest autorem wielu książek do nauki języka
angielskiego: Angielskie wyrazy kłopotliwe (2005), Angielskie
wyrazy kłopotliwe. Ćwiczenia (2007), United Kingdom
at a Glance (2009), Let’s Visit Ireland. Photocopiable Resource
Book for Teachers (2014), Let’s Visit the United States.
Photocopiable Resource Book for Teachers (2015), Let’s Visit
Poland. Photocopiable Resource Book for Teachers (2016),
Polonsky Writing for Matura (2016) oraz Polonsky Speaking
for Matura (2017).

Podziękowania
Autor pragnie podziękować wszystkim, którzy wspomagali go w procesie pisania oraz
służyli radami i podpowiedziami. Na szczególne uznanie zasługują: Marta Boniśniak,
Piotr Duraj, Hubert Komosa, Marta Kurzawa, Łukasz Lepiarczyk, Monika Mickiewicz,
Marta Miełek, Filip Pastor, Magdalena Potocka, Aleksandra Procek, Oskar Rożewicz,
Marta Skręt, Ewelina Wachowiak, Marta Wciseł oraz Irmina Wieczorek.

Autor również dziękuje za doping, ciepło i ciekawe rozmowy całej społeczności grupy
Nauczyciele Angielskiego (Facebook). Z Wami wszystko jest możliwe!

Wydanie tej książki było możliwe dzięki wsparciu wielu osób, które zakupiły ten
podręcznik w przedsprzedaży. Autor i Wydawca dziękują im serdecznie za okazane
zaufanie.

Autor składa gorące podziękowania swoim uczniom, którzy brali udział w testowaniu
materiału zawartego w tym podręczniku: Szymonowi G., Magdzie L., Agnieszce M.,
Piotrowi P., Maciejowi P., Oliwii R. oraz Karolinie Z.

14 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


Oznaczenia użyte w książce

str. 122 odsyła do sekcji Form Tables / Formy wyrazów


(str. 122–126)

sygnalizuje grupę kłopotliwych wyrazów

conscience – consciousness sygnalizuje grupę wyrazów mylonych ze sobą

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 15


Theory and Practise
Teoria i ćwiczenia
07
Superlative
Stopień najwyższy
best, cheapest, thinnest, luckiest

W języku angielskim możemy stopniować przymiotniki i przysłówki. Wyraz w podstawowej


formie to stopień równy (ang. positive degree): This is a good book; This boy is running
very fast.
Stopnia najwyższego (ang. superlative degree) przymiotników i przysłówków używamy, by
wskazać, która z rzeczy, zjawisk lub osób jest największa, najważniejsza itp.: Emma is the
shortest in our class; Who ran the fastest in the race yesterday?
Przymiotniki i przysłówki w stopniu najwyższym możemy również wykorzystywać
w konstrukcji the (best) thing I have ever (done) : What is the longest book you have ever
read? This is the best TED talk I have ever watched. str. 125

Farther, further, farthest, furthest


Wyraz far jest zarówno przymiotnikiem jak i przysłówkiem.
W stopniu wyższym posiada formy farther i further, a w stopniu
najwyższym farthest i furthest. Obecnie częściej stosowane są formy
further i furthest, lecz mówiąc o odległości fizycznej lepiej używać
farther i farthest.
How much farther is the castle?
If you look carefully, you will see a small hut on the farther shore.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. Peter immediately turned down their job offer because they offered him the
____________ (LOW) salary.
2. Watching his grandfather die was Ian’s ____________ (SAD) childhood memory.
3. All the contestants agreed that building and lighting a fire without matches was one
of the ____________ (HARD) tasks.
4. The hurricane struck when they ____________ (LITTLE) expected it.
5. Jody’s father is an ex-marine and one of the ____________ (TOUGH) men I’ve
ever met.

30 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


6. Is Mercury the ____________ (SMALL) planet in our solar system?
7. Her ____________ (LATE) book is described as a ‘historical novel with elements of
fantasy’.
8. Are you sure this is the ____________ (GOOD) way of cooking rice?
9. Emma is the ____________ (LAZY) person I’ve ever met; she will always find an
excuse to avoid doing her work.
10. Grzegorz Brzęczyszczykiewicz is one of the ____________ (FUNNY) names you will
encounter in a Polish film.
11. I wonder which of them can travel the ____________ (FAR) distance in the race.
12. Which month is the ____________ (HOT) in your country?
13. We enclose all the necessary forms which you should complete and return at your
____________ (EARLY) convenience.
14. Honestly, this is the ____________ (BAD) meal I’ve ever had.
15. Mount Rushmore is probably the ____________ (MUCH) identifiable mountain in the
United States.

Impracticable – impractical
Wyraz impracticable oznacza „niewykonalny, niemożliwy (w praktyce)”,
natomiast słowo impractical to „nierealny, niepraktyczny, niezaradny”.
A This sports car looks beautiful but it is ____________ for
a large family.
B At first, the idea seemed appealing but in practice it proved
totally ____________.
C Josh is a daydreamer, always coming up with ____________
plans to become rich.
D These changes seem ____________ because they will be
impossible to enforce.

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 31


08
Adjectives with -ED and -ING
Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -ED i -ING
bored, boring, interested, interesting

Przyrostek -ED służy do tworzenia przymiotników wyrażających stany emocjonalne:


The boy looked bored; She became interested in politics at university.
Przyrostek -ING służy do tworzenia przymiotników opisujących cechy rzeczy, zjawisk
i osób: The quiz show was boring even for the audience in the studio; Mike finds politics
extremely interesting.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. Greg’s car accident was a ____________ (HORRIFY) incident. However, later
everybody was absolutely ____________ (AMAZE) at his rapid recovery.
2. Your comments are really ____________ (ANNOY); if you are ____________
[DISSATISFY] with the quality of you meal, you should complain to the manager, not
to me!
3. Although teaching children in the kindergarten may be ____________ (EXHAUST), it is
an immensely ____________ (SATISFY) job.
4. When Margaret learnt that her application had been rejected, she was ____________
(DEPRESS) and ____________ (DISAPPOINT).
5. The waiter looked ____________ (EMBARRASS) when Judi told him that the soup
tasted ____________ (DISGUST).
6. After the exam Brian looked ____________ (RELAX) and genuinely ____________
[PLEASE] with himself.
7. Although her lecture seemed ____________ (INTEREST) at first, she left her audience
thoroughly ____________ (CONFUSE).
8. Emma was ____________ (FRIGHTEN) when a terrible noise woke her up in the
middle of the night. She was ____________ (SURPRISE) when she discovered that
it was only her cat.
9. What makes the book so ____________ (EXCITE) is that it offers a ____________
[FASCINATE] glimpse of the 19th-century New York.
10. When we heard what had happened to her, first we were ____________ (SHOCK), but
when we learnt the details, we were absolutely ____________ (APPAL).
11. Mark keeps telling everybody that he is ____________ (TERRIFY) of spiders. I think
it is becoming ____________ (BORE).

32 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


12. After five years Michelle finally grew ____________ (TIRE) of Carlos and she decided
to break off this ____________ (SATISFY) relationship.
13. It is ____________ (ASTONISH) how ____________ (TEMPT) their confectionery looks.
14. We were deeply ____________ (WORRY) because Alexander suffered
____________ (APPAL) injuries.
15. I don’t find Patricia’s jokes at all ____________ (AMUSE); in fact, they are rather
____________ (IRRITATE).

Unsatisfied – dissatisfied
Wyraz unsatisfied oznacza „niezadowolony, niezaspokojony,
nieusatysfakcjonowany”, natomiast słowo dissatisfied to
„niezadowolony, rozczarowny”.
A After dinner consisting of tomato soup and Caesar salad,
Mike still felt ____________.
B In her research, doctor Cripps is driven by her ____________
curiosity.
C We would like to inform you that we are greatly ____________
with the quality of your service.
D Monica told me the other day that she feels increasingly
____________ with her life.

Continual – continuous
Wyraz continual oznacza „ciągły, nieustanny, ustawiczny”, natomiast
słowo continuous to „ciągły, ustawiczny, stały” (określa czynność
trwającą bez przerwy).
E We receive ____________ complaints about Andrew’s
behaviour from angry neighbours.
F The patient complained about ____________ pain in her
left thigh.
G ____________ assessment is the evaluation of a student’s
progress made throughout a course of study.
H Amy has had ____________ problems with her laptop for
the past five or six months.

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 33


09
Adjectives with -LY
Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -LY
elderly, lively, lonely, weekly

Przyrostek -LY służy do tworzenia przymiotników określających cechy ludzi i rzeczy: They
had two lovely children, a boy and a girl; This was a costly mistake.
Istnieje też niewielka grupa przymiotników z przyrostkiem -LY, które służą do opisywania,
jak często ma miejsce dana czynność: Our son does our weekly shopping for us.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. Mark is taking part in a music contest and he receives extra ____________ (DAY)
tuition to help him prepare better.
2. I can’t believe it; they want us to increase their ____________ (HOUR) rates again.
3. Stuart usually buys ____________ (MONTH) bus tickets because they are available at
half the standard price.
4. What is the ____________ (YEAR) income of a typical household in your country?
5. Yesterday the company reported a ____________ (QUARTER) profit of $37 million.
6. They felt sad when their holiday ended because the tropical island was like an
____________ (EARTH) paradise for them.
7. We were asked to take our possessions and get off the bus in an ____________
(ORDER) fashion.
8. An ____________ (ELDER) couple was silently eating fish and chips at a table by the
door.
9. Anthony hated the office because it was painted a ____________ (SICK) yellow.
10. The Moon, planets and stars are sometimes called ____________ (HEAVEN) bodies.
11. She led a ____________ (LONE), unhappy life without any relatives or friends.
12. He patted me on the shoulder and gave me a ____________ (FATHER) look.
13. Roger has always seemed very calm and far removed from ____________ (WORLD)
concerns.
14. We like this bar with its ____________ (LIVE), informal atmosphere.
15. I know that you won’t listen to me, but can I give you some ____________ (BROTHER)
advice?

34 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


10
Adjectives with -OUS
Przymiotniki z przyrostkiem -OUS
courageous, victorious

Przyrostek -OUS służy do tworzenia przymiotników określających cechy ludzi i rzeczy:


It was an exceptionally courageous decision; Against all the odds, The Reds were
ultimately victorious.
Istnieje kilka wariantów pisowni przyrostka -OUS. Najpowszechniejsze to -EOUS, -IOUS
oraz -UOUS.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. This factory manufactures many ____________ (DANGER) chemicals.
2. Our socks are available in ____________ (VARY) colours and patterns.
3. I like Gordon because he is a talented, ____________ (AMBITION) scientist.
4. It’s a little ____________ (SUSPICION) that Oliver doesn’t remember where he was at
the time of the murder.
5. Yesterday we had a ____________ (FURY) debate about taxes introduced by the
government.
6. Their kitchen looks deceptively ____________ (SPACE) because it is cleverly designed.
7. We were genuinely ____________ (CURIOSITY) to know what happened next.
8. Her grandmother is a a devoutly ____________ (RELIGION) person.
9. Derek’s brother disappeared in ____________ (MYSTERY) circumstances.
10. My ____________ (SPONTANEITY) reaction was to laugh at their offer.
11. Karen is an ____________ (ADVENTURE) cook, not afraid of trying new things.
12. Do you think that Brexit will have a ____________ (DISASTER) impact on the UK
economy?
13. Anabel’s cookbook contains many recipes for simple yet highly ____________
(NUTRITION) meals.
14. The doctor was highly ____________ (CAUTION) about the new treatment method.
15. When these substances are combined, they form a deadly ____________ (POISON) gas.

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 35


16
Opposites with UN- and DIS-
Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem UN- i DIS-
uncomfortable, dishonest

Przedrostki UN- i DIS- mogą być używane w połączeniu z przymiotnikami i rzeczownikami,


aby tworzyć przymiotniki o przeciwstawnym znaczeniu: This armchair is uncomfortable;
It was dishonest to cheat in the test.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. When I talked to Ann, her smile seemed forced and ____________ (NATURAL).
2. It is ____________ (FORTUNATE) that you can’t come this weekend.
3. They are not going to tolerate her ____________ (RESPECTFUL) behaviour towards
other students.
4. Although I have seen her several times, her name was ____________ (FAMILIAR) to
me.
5. Do you think it would be wise to rent a flat in this ____________ (REPUTABLE)
neighbourhood?
6. The minister was accused of being ____________ (LOYAL) to the government.
7. The cost of the proposed renovation of the building makes it ____________
(ACCEPTABLE).
8. I am becoming frustrated with Christopher’s ____________ (COOPERATIVE) attitude.
9. Many ____________ (SATISFIED) customers made complaints about the quality of
their products.
10. Our new office is not ____________ (SIMILAR) to our old one, but it is definitely
cheaper.
11. The immigration officers at the airport were impatient, rude and ____________
(HELPFUL).
12. After the concert, twenty people were arrested for drunk and ____________
(ORDERLY) conduct.
13. We are ____________ (WILLING) to make that commitment at the moment.
14. I think that it would be ____________ (COURTEOUS) to ignore their request for help.
15. The Prime Minister made an ____________ (OFFICIAL) visit to our town.

42 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


17
Opposites with UN- and DIS-
Przeciwieństwa z przedrostkiem UN- i DIS-
disagree, unload

Przedrostki UN- i DIS- mogą być używane w połączeniu z przymiotnikami i rzeczownikami,


aby tworzyć czasowniki o przeciwstawnym znaczeniu: I strongly disagree with your
decision; They unloaded some heavy boxes from the back of the van.

Uzupełnij każdą lukę jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie, tak aby
powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie.
1. One of the passengers tried to ____________ (ARM) the hijacker but he
didn’t succeed.
2. The little boy screamed loudly and started to ____________ (WRAP) his presents.
3. When you want to leave the vehicle, ____________ (CLASP) your seatbelt first.
4. Karen tried to convince Scott of her innocence, but he had every reason to
____________ (TRUST) her.
5. We regret to inform you that we are planning to ____________ (CONTINUE) the ferry
service next year.
6. Digging in his garden, William ____________ (COVER) human bones.
7. First you should ____________ (CONNECT) the machine from the electricity supply,
then you can open the hatch.
8. Last week, his sexist comments ____________ (LEASH) a wave of public protest.
9. If you ____________ (OBEY) me once again, I will have no choice but to fire you.
10. The plane ____________ (INTEGRATE) when it hit the mountain.
11. We will be away for several months, so it is better to empty and ____________ (PLUG)
the fridge before we leave.
12. Why did you tie the string so tightly? It is impossible to ____________ (DO).
13. Several hundred people will be ____________ (PLACE) when the construction of the
dam starts.
14. If you want to ____________ (LOCK) the phone, press the home button twice and
enter you PIN.
15. Caroline’s explanation seems credible and I see no reason to ____________
(BELIEVE) her.

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 43


Matura Tasks
Zadania maturalne
51
Matura Tasks 1
Zadania maturalne 1
Dinosaurs • To Phubb or Not to Phubb?

Uzupełnij każdą lukę (1-4) jednym wyrazem przekształcając słowo podane w nawiasie,
tak aby powstało spójne i logiczne zdanie. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność
ortograficzna wpisywanych wyrazów.

Dinosaurs

The word ‘dinosaur’ comes from Greek and it means ‘terrible lizard’. Dinosaurs
were lizardlike reptiles that roamed the Earth for more than 150 million years.
The last dinosaurs became extinct about 65 million years ago. Some of them were
the largest and scariest creatures that ever walked on land. Fossils of dinosaurs
5 were first discovered in the early 1800s. Fossils are remains or 1. ____________
(IMPRESS) of a plant or animal that have been preserved in rock. By studying
these fossils, scientists know that dinosaurs were the ancient cousins of today’s
crocodiles, snakes and lizards. Scientists also believe that today’s birds descended
from dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were all 2. ____________ (DIFFER) sizes: some of them
10 were smaller than a chicken and others weighed more than 10 times as much
as the largest elephants. Some scientists believe that dinosaurs were gray or green
in colour because these colours would have helped the dinosaurs blend in with
their 3. ____________ (SURROUND). Other scientists think that dinosaurs were very
4. ____________ (COLOUR) and it helped males get the attention of females.

adapted from kids.britannica.com

84 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


Przeczytaj tekst. Uzupełnij każdą lukę (5-8), przekształcając jeden z wyrazów z ramki
w taki sposób, aby powstał spójny i logiczny tekst. Wymagana jest pełna poprawność
gramatyczna i ortograficzna wpisywanych wyrazów. Dwa wyrazy zostały podane
dodatkowo i nie pasują do żadnej luki.

evident set assembly indicate bad see

To Phubb or Not to Phubb?

In May 2012, a group of language experts was 5. ____________ to name


a phenomenon common in the era of the smartphone. They dubbed
the phenomenon ‘phubbing’, and defined it as ‘the act of snubbing someone
in a social 6. ____________ by looking at your phone instead of paying attention.’
5 The word itself is a portmanteau; a word that blends the sounds and combines
the meanings of two other words. In the present case, phubbing is a splicing
together of the words ‘phone’ and ‘snubbing’. What are some alarming
7. ____________ that you are behaving like a phubber? One of them is when you
have a meal with others at home or in a restaurant, and you repeatedly check
10 your cell phone. Another example could be always keeping you cell phone in sight.
And the 8. ____________ one, you use your cell phone when you are on a date
or with your romantic partner to check if you get a text or other notification.

adapted from www.huffingtonpost.com

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 85


Answer Key
Klucz odpowiedzi
05
1. angrily, heavily 6. sufficiently, 11. totally, fiercely
2. Realistically, simply scientifically 12. falsely, Unfortunately
3. truly, Hopefully 7. noisily, Unsurprisingly 13. seriously, luckily
4. silently, diligently 8. Frankly, happily 14. terribly, clearly
5. thoroughly, well 9. really, Finally 15. wholly, Obviously
10. shyly, slowly

A length B length C longevity D longevity

06
1. colder 6. brighter 11. worse
2. easier 7. thinner 12. earlier
3. more 8. prettier 13. safer
4. further/farther 9. more 14. better
5. less 10. longer 15. bigger

A lesser B less C less D lesser


E unsociable F unsocial G unsocial H unsociable

07
1. lowest 6. smallest 11. farthest/furthest
2. saddest 7. latest 12. hottest
3. hardest 8. best 13. earliest
4. least 9. laziest 14. worst
5. toughest 10. funniest 15. most

A impractical B impracticable C impractical D impracticable

08
1. horrifying, amazed 5. embarrassed, 10. shocked, appalled
2. annoying, dissatisfied disgusting 11. terrified, boring
3. exhausting, satisfying 6. relaxed, pleased 12. tired, unsatisfying
4. depressed, 7. interesting, confused 13. astonishing, tempting
disappointed 8. frightened, surprised 14. worried, appalling
9. exciting, fascinating 15. amusing, irritating

A unsatisfied B unsatisfied C dissatisfied D dissatisfied


E continual F continuous G Continuous H continual

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 107


09
1. daily 6. earthly 11. lonely
2. hourly 7. orderly 12. fatherly
3. monthly 8. elderly 13. worldly
4. yearly 9. sickly 14. lively
5. quarterly 10. heavenly 15. brotherly

10
1. dangerous 6. spacious 11. adventurous
2. various 7. curious 12. disastrous
3. ambitious 8. religious 13. nutritious
4. suspicious 9. mysterious 14. cautious
5. furious 10. spontaneous 15. poisonous

11
1. classic 7. electrical 13. pedagogic/
2. poetic/poetical 8. symbolic/symbolical pedagogical
3. comical 9. historic 14. classical
4. geographic 10. mythic/mythical 15. comic
5. economic 11. electric
6. analytical/analytic 12. rhythmic/rhythmical

12
1. advisable 6. knowledgeable 11. imaginable
2. profitable 7. comparable 12. fashionable
3. pleasurable 8. irritable 13. desirable
4. acceptable 9. variable 14. regrettable
5. valuable 10. curable 15. identifiable

108 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


13
1. imaginative 6. productive 11. deceptive
2. provocative 7. offensive 12. appreciative
3. competitive 8. excessive 13. extensive
4. informative 9. defensive 14. decisive
5. destructive 10. protective 15. creative

14
1. overrated 6. underprepared 11. overfilled
2. underemployed 7. Overprotective 12. undernourished
3. underestimated 8. oversized 13. understatement
4. underdone 9. overgrown 14. overcooked
5. overheat 10. overpopulated 15. undermanned

15
1. bilateral 11. kilobyte 22. pentathlon
2. bilingual 12. megabyte 23. pentagon
3. century 13. millipede 24. quadrangle
4. centenarian 14. millisecond 25. quadruped
5. decade 15. monorail 26. semicircle
6. decathlon 16. monosyllable 27. semi-annual
7. decilitre 17. multimillionaire 28. triplet
8. decimal 18. multilingual 29. tricycle
9. demigod/ 19. octogenarian 30. unilateral
demigoddess 20. omnipotent
10. Dioxide 21. omnivore

A reliability B reliance C reliability D reliance

16
1. unnatural 6. disloyal 11. unhelpful
2. unfortunate 7. unacceptable 12. disorderly
3. disrespectful 8. uncooperative 13. unwilling
4. unfamiliar 9. dissatisfied 14. discourteous
5. disreputable 10. dissimilar 15. unofficial

Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2 109


17
1. disarm 6. uncovered 11. unplug
2. unwrap 7. disconnect 12. undo
3. unclasp 8. unleashed 13. displaced
4. distrust 9. disobey 14. unlock
5. discontinue 10. disintegrated 15. disbelieve

18
1. disengage 6. deregulate 11. destabilise
2. demystify 7. dethroned 12. defrost
3. dislike 8. demilitarised 13. dislodge
4. demist 9. dispossessed 14. decentralise
5. disorganised 10. disembark 15. debug

19
1. irreplaceable 6. impractical 11. inexpensive
2. impartial 7. immortal 12. inaccurate
3. irresistible 8. inaccessible 13. illegitimate
4. incurable 9. illogical 14. illegal
5. imperfect 10. insecure 15. inappropriate

20
1. illiteracy 6. illegibility 11. irrationality
2. irreverence 7. inability 12. impatience
3. inefficiency 8. insincerity 13. irregularity
4. irresponsibility 9. injustice 14. impossibility
5. immaturity 10. immorality 15. inequality

110 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2


48
1. discouraging 6. unconsciousness 11. incorrectly
2. Undelivered 7. nonexistent 12. indefensible
3. inconclusive 8. encouragement 13. underdeveloped
4. independence 9. uneducated 14. ineffective
5. undecided 10. unemployment 15. inconsiderate

49
1. deformity 6. unnatural 11. unfaithful
2. immemorial 7. inflammable 12. unknown
3. unexpected 8. disquieting 13. impartial
4. immorality 9. degradation 14. unfavourably
5. unimaginative 10. unlikely 15. disinformation

50
1. encouragingly 6. enlightening 11. unbelievably
2. unfaithfulness 7. incomparably 12. independently
3. unceremoniously 8. immobilisation 13. dehumanised
4. unacceptably 9. disapprovingly 14. unjustified
5. unexpectedly 10. unknowingly 15. inconclusively

51
1. impressions 5. assembled
2. different 6. setting
3. surroundings 7. indications
4. colourful 8. worst

52
1. replacement 5. creating
2. annoyed 6. raised
3. negligible 7. Located
4. expensively 8. industriously

118 Wordformation B2. Słowotwórstwo B2

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